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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823139/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-on-the-total-number-of-piglets-born-per-parity-of-three-different-pig-breeds
#1
Kyoung-Tag Do, Soon-Woo Jung, Kyung-Do Park, Chong-Sam Na
Objective: To determine the effects of genomic breeding values (GBV) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on the total number of piglets born (TNB) in 3 pig breeds (Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire). Methods: After collecting genomic information (Porcine SNP Beadchip) and phenotypic TNB records for each breed, the effects of GBV and SNP were estimated by using single step best linear unbiased prediction (ssBLUP) method. Results: The heritability estimates for TNB in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823137/survey-of-genetic-structure-of-geese-using-novel-microsatellite-markers
#2
Fang-Yu Lai, Po-An Tu, Shih-Torng Ding, Min-Jung Lin, Shen-Chang Chang, En-Chung Lin, Ling-Ling Lo, Pei-Hwa Wang
Objective: The aim of this study was to create a set of microsatellite markers with high polymorphism for the genetic monitoring and genetic structure analysis of local goose populations. Methods: Novel microsatellite markers were isolated from the genomic DNA of white Roman geese using short tandem repeated probes. The DNA segments, including short tandem repeats, were tested for their variability among four populations of geese from the Changhua Animal Propagation Station (CAPS)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823125/the-importance-of-post-thaw-subculture-for-standardizing-cellular-activity-of-fresh-or-cryopreserved-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#3
Dong Woo Ko, Jung Ki Yoon, Jong Il Ahn, Myungook Lee, Woo Sub Yang, Ji Yeon Ahn, Jeong Mook Lim
Objective: Much difference in cellular activity was detected between early and late subpassaged embryonic stem cell (ESCs) lines, which can be created by subtle changes in cell manipulation protocol. This study was subsequently examined whether post-thaw subculture of early subpassaged ESC lines could further affect their cellular activity, which results can contribute to standardizing ESC manipulation protocol for minimizing batch difference or data fluctuation. Methods: Fresh (as a control treatment) or cryopreserved F1 hybrid (B6CBAF1) early ESC lines (C57BL/6xCBA) of the 4 (P4) or the 19 passage (P19) were subcultured once, twice or six times under the same condition...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823120/deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-contaminated-feeds-alter-gene-expression-profiles-in-the-livers-of-piglets
#4
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, Jin Young Jeong, Yookyung Lee, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Min Seok Kim, Dong-Wook Kim, Hyun Jung Jung, Changyong Choe, Young Kyoon Oh, Sung Dae Lee
Objective: The Fusarium mycotoxins of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zerolenone (ZEN) cause health hazards for both humans and farm animals. Therefore, the main intention of this study was to reveal DON and ZEN effects on the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and other immune related genes in the liver of piglets. Methods: In the present study, 15 six-week-old piglets were randomly assigned to the following three different dietary treatments for 4 weeks: control diet, diet containing 8 mg DON/kg feed, and diet containing 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823115/identification-of-distinctive-clinical-significance-in-hospitalized-patients-with-endoscopic-duodenal-mucosal-lesions
#5
Yeji Han, Hye-Kyung Jung, Ji Young Chang, Chang Mo Moon, Seong-Eun Kim, Ki-Nam Shim, Sung-Ae Jung, Joo-Young Kim, Ji-Yun Bae, Sae-In Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Sanghui Park
Background/Aims: Duodenitis is not infrequent finding in patient undergoing endoscopy. However, hospitalized patients have a higher incidence of secondary duodenal mucosal lesions that might be related with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, tuberculosis, immunologic disorders, or other rare infections. We aimed to identify clinicopathologic features of duodenal mucosal lesions in hospitalized patients. Methods: All hospitalized patients having duodenal mucosal lesions were identified by endoscopic registration data and pathologic data query from 2011 to 2014...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823107/fluorescent-labeling-of-protein-using-blue-emitting-8-amino-bodipy-derivatives
#6
Dokyoung Kim, Donghee Ma, Muwoong Kim, Yuna Jung, Na Hee Kim, Chiho Lee, Seo Won Cho, Sungnam Park, Youngbuhm Huh, Junyang Jung, Kyo Han Ahn
8-Amino-BODIPY (boron-dipyrromethane) dyes show bright blue fluorescence. Disclosed here are synthesis and characterization of the photophysical properties of a series of functionalized 8-Amino-BODIPY (BP1-4) for protein labeling. The compact structure and solvent-insensitive absorption property of the dye are desirable features for protein labeling. For the model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), the labeling proceeds under mild condition via amide bond formation or thiol-ene conjugation with maintaining the bright blue fluorescence...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822912/a-metabolic-activity-detecting-approach-to-life-detection-restoring-a-chemostat-from-stop-feeding-using-a-rapid-bioactivity-assay
#7
Shiue-Lin Li, Ming-Der Bai, Chia-Jung Hsiao, Sheng-Shung Cheng, Kenneth H Nealson
A mediated glassy carbon electrode covered by a thin-film polyviologen was used in the present study to rapidly detect bioactivity in a mixed-culture chemostat (dominated by Clostridium sp.). With the addition of 1mM hexacyanoferrate and 9mM glucose, the current increasing rate (dI/dt) measured under a poised potential of 500mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) can be defined as the quantity of metabolic activity. In the experiment of restoring the chemostat from stop-feeding, it is suggested that when the dI/dt was >2μAmin(-1), the influent pump could be directly turned on to maintain the high dilution rate of 0...
August 9, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822637/porcine-dermis-patch-augmentation-of-supraspinatus-tendon-repairs-a-pilot-study-assessing-tendon-integrity-and-shoulder-function-2%C3%A2-years-after-arthroscopic-repair-in-patients-aged-60%C3%A2-years-or%C3%A2-older
#8
Matthias Flury, Dominik Rickenbacher, Christian Jung, Marco M Schneider, David Endell, Laurent Audigé
PURPOSE: To investigate the 2-year postoperative clinical and subjective outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) with xenologous porcine dermal patch augmentation compared with ARCR alone. METHODS: Patients aged 60 years or older with a complete supraspinatus (SSP) tendon tear underwent primary ARCR with a transosseous-equivalent technique. By use of a matched-pair comparative trial design, a consecutive series of 20 patients receiving additional xenologous porcine dermal patch augmentation (patch group) was matched by tear location with 20 patients who received ARCR only (control group)...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822355/baseline-assessment-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-assay-performance-a-vitamin-d-standardization-program-vdsp-interlaboratory-comparison-study
#9
Stephen Wise, Karen Phinney, Susan Tai, Johanna Camara, Gary Myers, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Lu Tian, Andrew Hoofnagle, Lorin Bachmann, Ian Young, Juanita Pettit, Grahame Caldwell, Andrew Liu, Stephen Brooks, Kurtis Sarafin, Michael Thamm, Gert Mensink, Markus Busch, Martina Rabenberg, Kevin Cashman, Mairead Kiely, Michael Kinsella, Karen Galvin, Joy Zhang, Kyungwon Oh, Sun-Wha Lee, Chae Jung, Lorna Cox, Gail Goldberg, Kate Guberg, Ann Prentice, Graham Carter, Julia Jones, Patsy Brannon, Robyn Lucas, Peter Crump, Etienne Cavalier, Joyce Merkel, Joseph Betz, Christopher Sempos
The Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) coordinated an interlaboratory study to assess the comparability of measurements of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in human serum, which is the primary marker of vitamin D status. A set of 50 individual donor samples were analyzed by 15 different laboratories representing national nutrition surveys, assay manufacturers, and clinical and/or research laboratories to provide results for total 25(OH)D using both immunoassays (IAs) and LC tandem MS (MS/MS). The results were evaluated relative to bias compared with the target values assigned based on a combination of measurements at Ghent University (Belgium) and the U...
August 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822042/implementation-of-a-big-data-accessing-and-processing-platform-for-medical-records-in-cloud
#10
Chao-Tung Yang, Jung-Chun Liu, Shuo-Tsung Chen, Hsin-Wen Lu
Big Data analysis has become a key factor of being innovative and competitive. Along with population growth worldwide and the trend aging of population in developed countries, the rate of the national medical care usage has been increasing. Due to the fact that individual medical data are usually scattered in different institutions and their data formats are varied, to integrate those data that continue increasing is challenging. In order to have scalable load capacity for these data platforms, we must build them in good platform architecture...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821848/reconfiguration-of-quantum-states-in-formula-see-text-symmetric-quasi-one-dimensional-lattices
#11
Jung-Wan Ryu, Nojoon Myoung, Hee Chul Park
We demonstrate mesoscopic transport through quantum states in quasi-1D lattices maintaining the combination of parity and time-reversal symmetries by controlling energy gain and loss. We investigate the phase diagram of the non-Hermitian system where transitions take place between unbroken and broken [Formula: see text]-symmetric phases via exceptional points. Quantum transport in the lattice is measured only in the unbroken phases in the energy band-but not in the broken phases. The broken phase allows for spontaneous symmetry-broken states where the cross-stitch lattice is separated into two identical single lattices corresponding to conditionally degenerate eigenstates...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821818/an-essential-role-for-tagln2-in-phagocytosis-of-lipopolysaccharide-activated-macrophages
#12
Hye-Ran Kim, Hyun-Su Lee, Kyung-Sik Lee, In Duk Jung, Min-Sung Kwon, Chang-Hyun Kim, Seong-Min Kim, Myung-Han Yoon, Yeong-Min Park, Sang-Myeong Lee, Chang-Duk Jun
Activated macrophages have a greater ability of phagocytosis against pathogens that is mediated by large-scale actin rearrangement. However, molecular machineries that conduct this task have not been fully identified. Here, we demonstrate an unanticipated role of TAGLN2, a 22-kDa actin-binding protein, in Toll-like receptor (TLR)-stimulated phagocytosis. TAGLN2 was greatly induced in macrophages in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a ligand for TLR4, partly via the NF-κB pathway. TAGLN2-deficient macrophages (TAGLN2 (-/-)) showed defective phagocytic functions of IgM- and IgG-coated sheep red blood cells as well as bacteria...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821659/stim1-regulates-somatic-ca-2-signals-and-intrinsic-firing-properties-of-cerebellar-purkinje-neurons
#13
Changhyeon Ryu, Dong Cheol Jang, Dayoon Jung, Yong Gyu Kim, Hyun Geun Shim, Hyun-Hee Ryu, Yong-Seok Lee, David J Linden, Paul F Worley, Sang Jeong Kim
Control of Ca(2+) flux between the cytosol and intracellular Ca(2+) stores is essential for maintaining normal cellular function. It has been well established in both neuronal and non-neuronal cells that stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) initiates and regulates refilling Ca(2+) into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Here, we describe a novel, additional role for STIM1, regulation of free cytosolic Ca(2+) and consequent control of spike firing in neurons. Among central neurons, cerebellar Purkinje neurons express the highest level of STIM1 and they fire continuously in the absence of stimulation, making somatic Ca(2+) homeostasis of particular importance...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821612/syndecan-2-cytoplasmic-domain-upregulates-matrix-metalloproteinase-7-expression-via-protein-kinasec%C3%AE-mediated-fak-erk-signaling-pathway-in-colon-cancer
#14
Bohee Jang, Hyejung Jung, Sojoong Choi, Young Hun Lee, Seung-Taek Lee, Eok-Soo Oh
The syndecan family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans contribute to cell adhesion and communication by serving as co-receptors for cell signaling and extracellular matrix molecules. Syndecan-2 is located at the cell surface, and we previously reported that it induces matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) expression in colon cancer cells. However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms are unknown. Here, we report that over-expression of syndecan-2 in HT-29 colon cancer cells increases the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in parallel with upregulated MMP-7 expression, but a syndecan-2 mutant lacking the cytoplasmic domain showed significant reductions in these effects...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821529/antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-of-ocular-and-nasal-flora-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-in-taiwan-an-observational-and-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yun-Hsuan Lin, Yu-Chuan Kang, Chiun-Ho Hou, Yhu-Chering Huang, Chih-Jung Chen, Jwu-Ching Shu, Pang-Hsin Hsieh, Ching-Hsi Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the conjunctival and nasal flora and the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of isolates from patients undergoing cataract surgery. DESIGN: Observational and cross-sectional study. SETTING: A single-centre study in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 128 consecutive patients precataract surgery. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES METHODS: Conjunctival and nasal cultures were prospectively obtained from 128 patients on the day of cataract surgery before instillation of ophthalmic solutions in our hospital...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821467/in-vitro-characterization-of-cyp102g4-from-streptomyces-cattleya-a-self-sufficient-p450-naturally-producing-indigo
#16
Joonwon Kim, Pyung-Gang Lee, Eun-Ok Jung, Byung-Gee Kim
Self-sufficient CYP102As possess outstanding hydroxylating activity to fatty acids such as myristic acid. Other CYP102 subfamily members share substrate specificity of CYP102As, but, occasionally, unusual characteristics of its own subfamily have been found. In this study, only one self-sufficient cytochrome P450 from Streptomyces cattleya was renamed from CYP102A_scat to CYP102G4, purified and characterized. UV-Vis spectrometry pattern, FAD/FMN analysis, and protein sequence comparison among CYP102s have shown that CYP102 from Streptomyces cattleya belongs to CYP102G subfamily...
August 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821462/ferritin-nanocage-with-intrinsically-disordered-proteins-and-affibody-a-platform-for-tumor-targeting-with-extended-pharmacokinetics
#17
Na Kyeong Lee, Eun Jung Lee, Soyoun Kim, Gi-Hoon Nam, Minwoo Kih, Yeonsun Hong, Cherlhyun Jeong, Yoosoo Yang, Youngro Byun, In-San Kim
Ferritin nanocages are of particular interest as a novel platform for drug and vaccine delivery, diagnosis, biomineralization scaffold and more, due to their perfect and complex symmetry, ideal physical properties, high biocompatibility, low toxicity profiles as well as easy manipulation by genetic or chemical strategies. However, a short half-life is still a hurdle for the translation of ferritin-based nanomedicines into the clinic. Here, we developed a series of rationally designed long circulating ferritin nanocages (LCFNs) with 'Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDP)' as a stealth layer for extending the half-life of ferritin nanocages...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821156/physicochemical-interactions-of-cycloamylose-with-phenolic-compounds
#18
Shin-Joung Rho, Saehun Mun, Jung Sun Hong, Young-Lim Kim, Ha V Do, Young-Wan Kim, Sang-Ik Han, Yong-Ro Kim
The complex formation capability of cycloamylose (CA), having a degree of polymerization of 23-45, with phenolic compounds (PCs) was investigated using various physicochemical techniques. The fluorescence intensity of PCs increased and then reached a plateau at 10-20mM cyclodextrin, while it continued to increase at up to 60mM CA. Thermodynamic data of CA complexes with PCs revealed that the binding process was primarily enthalpy-driven and spontaneous. CA favored to form the most stable complex with chlorogenic acid (CHA) among all PCs...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821130/reaction-pattern-differences-impact-physical-properties-of-starches-derivatized-to-the-same-extent-in-a-model-cross-linking-system
#19
Jung Sun Hong, Sara V Gomand, Kerry C Huber, Jan A Delcour
This study investigated the physical properties of maize (MS) and wheat (WS) starches derivatized with 5-(4,6-dichlorotriazinyl)aminofluorescein (model cross-linking system) to have the same overall fluorescence intensity on starch molecules, but reacted either more uniformly throughout granules (UD) or more at granule surfaces (SD). Both MS and WS derivatives had lower swelling powers (SP) at 90°C than their respective native starches. The UD derivatives had lower SP (90°C) and greater retrogradation enthalpies than did SD derivatives, consistent with their lower peak and higher setback pasting viscosities...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820834/super-thin-scip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-subungual-melanoma-aesthetic-functional-surgery
#20
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Bo Young Park, Eun-Ji Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Kee-Taek Jang, Sang-Hee Choi, Dong-Youn Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use a super-thin, free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap in the functional surgery for treating subungual melanoma and to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Forty-one patients with primary subungual melanoma of ≤ 2-mm thickness who were treated with functional surgery were prospectively enrolled. Following oncologic resection, a thin SCIP flap was harvested along the trans-superficial fat layer and transferred to the defect with further thinning by primary defatting...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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