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bladder neck incision in children

Guenolee de Lambert, Cyrus Chargari, Véronique Minard-Colin, Christine Haie-Meder, Florent Guérin, Hélène Martelli
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fertility preservation is a major goal in treatment of children with cancer. We describe a new technique of testicular transposition (TT) in patients treated with pulse-dose-rate (PDR) brachytherapy as part of the multimodal conservative treatment of bladder neck and/or prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (BP RMS). METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated between September 2016 and August 2017 were studied. These patients underwent a TT performed during BP RMS surgery by the same suprapubic incision...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sorena Keihani, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Seyedeh Maryam Kameli, Reza Abbasioun
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term impacts of bladder neck incision (BNI) on continence and ejaculatory function of adults who underwent concurrent posterior urethral valve (PUV) ablation and BNI during childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to find all adult patients with relevant history. All patients had undergone BNI at 6 o'clock proximal to the verumontanum with caution to leave the adventitia and verumontanum untouched...
January 2017: Urology
M K Arevalo, J C Prieto, N Cost, G Nuss, B J Brown, L A Baker
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic pediatric ureterocele has diverse manifestations, making evidence-based management impractical. Thus, detailed visualization of ureterocele anatomy prior to first surgical incision is invaluable. Retrograde ureterocelogram (RUC) is a simple, underutilized radiologic technique that can be performed during cystoscopy. This study sought to determine whether RUC changes surgical management by more accurately depicting the complex ureteral and ureterocele anatomy, compared with renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Xing Liu, Jun-Hong Liu, De-Ying Zhang, Yi Hua, Tao Lin, Guang-Hui Wei, Da-Wei He
INTRODUCTION: Primary obstructive ureter (POM) is an upper urinary tract malformation in children. Transvesicoscopic ureteral reimplantation is increasingly being used as the first choice to correct POM, replacing the open extravesical approach. Although several procedures have been reported, there is no universally accepted technique for endoscopic ureteral reimplantation. OBJECTIVE: To report on several modifications of the Glenn-Anderson ureteral advancement technique to make it suitable for a laparoscopic pneumovesical approach to treatment of POM...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
D J Chalmers, A Bielsky, T T Wild, G L Siparsky, D T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: While many options for postoperative analgesia are available to the general patient population, choices are limited for individuals with spinal dysraphism. We hypothesized that the use of continuous local anesthetic infusion following major reconstruction of the lower urinary tract in children with spina bifida would significantly decrease need for opiate use, while maintaining adequate pain control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with spina bifida who underwent major reconstruction of the lower urinary tract at Children's Hospital Colorado were identified from January, 2003 through January, 2013 were identified...
April 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ali Tourchi, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Zahra Aryan, Maryam Ebadi
OBJECTIVE: To represent our experience in the management of posterior urethral valves and concomitant vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). METHODS: A total of 326 children with posterior urethral valve who had underwent valve ablation/bladder neck incision were studied, and those who had persistent VUR and were categorized under 3 main groups were followed up. Group 1 (n = 71) received prophylactic antibiotic, group 2 (n = 50) underwent Deflux injection (2a) (n = 28): Deflux injection alone, group 2b (n = 22) Deflux with concomitant autologous blood injection (HABIT), and group 3 (n = 19) underwent ureteroneocystostomy before referral and was followed up conservatively...
January 2014: Urology
Rafal Chrzan, Pieter Dik, Aart J Klijn, Caroline F Kuijper, Marleen M C van den Heijkant, Tom P V M de Jong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of endoscopic bladder neck procedure on the anterior bladder wall in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgery is done in the lithotomy position using three 5-mm ports. The bladder is insufflated with CO2. A U-shaped incision is made around the bladder neck. A mucosal strip is tabularized around a 12 French catheter and covered with the second layer of mucosa. Twenty procedures were performed on 18 patients (mean age, 9.8 years), and the follow-up period was >1 year (mean, 34 months)...
September 2013: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Seppo Taskinen, Jukka Heikkilä, Pekka Santtila, Risto Rintala
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sexual function and fertility in adult patients treated for posterior urethral valves (PUV) in childhood and to compare these patients with the normal population. To examine if patient characteristics such as chronic renal failure (CRF), history of cryptorchidism and bladder neck incision in childhood have an impact on sexual function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Information on sexual function was assessed using questions from the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)...
October 2012: BJU International
Shaheen Alanee, Priyanka Gupta, Paul Gleich, Aseem R Shukla
OBJECTIVE: To present two cases of type IIA urethral duplication and propose a reproducible surgical approach. METHODS: Two cases are presented in this report. The first was a male child with a type IIA1 urethral duplication with two urethral channels arising from the bladder through separate bladder necks coursing to the glans penis. The second infant had a type IIA2 urethral duplication with a single bladder neck. Both children were repaired using a surgical approach that joined both urethral openings into a single orthopic meatus...
August 2012: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Rafal Chrzan, Aart J Klijn, Pieter Dik, Tom P V M de Jong
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to present a new vesicoscopic technique for treatment of sphincter insufficiency and to evaluate the short-term results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight children (mean age, 11.7 years), 4 with non-neurologic and 4 with neurologic sphincter incontinence, were operated on. All had previously failed open surgery. In all, leak-point pressure was below 30 cm H(2)O. Mean follow-up was 5.2 months. In the supine position, three ports were inserted into the bladder under direct visual control...
April 2010: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Anies Mahomed
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic transperitoneal nephrectomy is technically feasible in most cases of benign renal disease. To date, there have been isolated reports of laparoscopic transperitoneal heminephroureterectomy of principally the upper moiety of a duplex system. Rarely reported are lower moiety nephroureterectomies. AIM: The aim of this IPEG submission is to present a 3-minute video demonstrating the technical details of a transperitoneal laparoscopic, right, lower moiety, heminephroureterectomy in a 3-year-old...
April 2009: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
John Bogdanos, Ilias Paleodimos, Georgios Korakianitis, Antonios Stephanidis, Philippos A Androulakakis
OBJECTIVE: Large bladder diverticulae, i.e. with a diameter measuring at least one-third of the bladder diameter on voiding cystourethrography, constitute an unusual but serious cause of obstructive uropathy in childhood. Their operative management entails meticulous reconstruction of the lower urinary tract. We report our experience with the management and long-term outcome of large bladder diverticulae in children during a 20-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two children (21 boys and 1 girl) aged 13 days to 14 years old (median age 2 years) at diagnosis of a large bladder diverticulum were treated in our department between April 1982 and December 2001...
August 2005: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Seyedmehdi Payabvash, Golnar Karimian
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of simultaneous bladder neck incision and valve ablation on urodynamic abnormalities in patients with posterior urethral valves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients with posterior urethral valves entered our prospective study between 1998 and 2003. Group 1 consisted of 22 patients who underwent simultaneous valve ablation and bladder neck incision at the 6 o'clock position. Group 2 consisted of 24 age matched patients with comparable prognostic factors who underwent simple valve ablation...
November 2007: Journal of Urology
E Merlini, P Lelli Chiesa
Ureterocele is a cystic dilatation of the intravesical ureter that is most commonly observed in females and children, and usually affects the upper moiety of a complete pyeloureteral duplication. According to their position, ureteroceles are divided into intravesical, when the ureterocele is completely contained inside the bladder, and extravesical when part of the cyst extends to the urethra or bladder neck. Most ureteroceles are diagnosed in utero or immediately after birth during an echographic screening of renal malformations...
June 2004: World Journal of Urology
Steve Y Chung, Kirsten Meldrum, Steven G Docimo
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic assisted surgery results in an improved cosmetic appearance by allowing complex reconstruction without a midline upper abdominal incision. We report technique and outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted reconstruction during a 7-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 consecutive patients with a mean age of 14 years (range 1 to 36) underwent laparoscopic assisted reconstructive surgery through a lower midline or Pfannenstiel incision by a single surgeon (SGD) between June 1995 and July 2002...
January 2004: Journal of Urology
R E De Filippo, S B Bauer
More sophisticated endoscopic instruments, combined with a better understanding of bladder and urethral pathology, have significantly improved the therapeutic approaches for both posterior urethral valves and ureteroceles. New generation lithotripters have allowed for a safe and efficient method of treating urinary calculi in children, which was once thought too injurious a process with first-generation machines. The rapidly advancing field of laparoscopy, aided by the development of more optically refined and diminutive instruments, has allowed for its application in a wide variety of surgical interventions in pediatric urology...
November 2001: Current Opinion in Urology
C S Cooper, G Passerini-Glazel, J C Hutcheson, M Iafrate, C Camuffo, C Milani, H M Snyder
PURPOSE: Endoscopic incision was performed as the initial therapy for ureteroceles in children presenting to our institutions between 1985 and 1990. To assess the long-term efficacy of this treatment modality we reevaluated the outcome of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parameters reviewed included patient age at surgery, position of the ureterocele, a duplex system, preoperative and postoperative reflux, and the need for additional operations. Statistical analysis consisted of chi-square and Wilcoxon's rank sum tests...
September 2000: Journal of Urology
H Lottmann, O Traxer, Y Aigrain, Y Melin
Blind dissection of the bladder neck during implantation of an artificial urinary sphincter (AMS 800) may lead to injury of either the bladder, genital tract or even the rectum. Significant bleeding may occur. A posterior approach to the bladder neck allowing visual control of the anatomical structures is described. From November 1995 to February 1998, 8 adolescents (12-19 years old) underwent AMS 800 artificial urinary sphincter implantation for the treatment of severe incontinence associated with neurogen bladder; one patient had had a previous augmentation...
1999: Annales D'urologie
L M Fossion, G A Bogaert, H J Goethuys, L V Baert
INTRODUCTION: Experience of the use of the Holmium: Yttrium-Aluminium-Garnet (Ho:YAG) laser in children has been limited. However, the Ho:YAG laser has been in clinical use in urology for several years but has mainly been used for the treatment of renal stones and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Due to its unique combination of vaporization and coagulation, the Ho:YAG laser allows a precise cutting action. The depth of penetration in water and tissue is limited to < 0.5 mm and therefore provides a safety margin...
1999: Annales D'urologie
A Calisti, G Marrocco, G Patti
Among 36 children, mostly less than 1 year of age, referred for a complete duplex-system anomaly, 18 were diagnosed before birth by obstetrical ultrasonography where a diagnosis of dilated upper urinary tract was the most frequent report; in the remaining cases urinary tract infection was the main presenting symptom. Five children had bilateral anomalies. Principal diagnoses associated with the complete duplex system were: 18 ureteroceles (UC) (11 extravesical [EUC] with bladder-neck or urethral extension, 7 intravesical [IUC]), 5 ectopic ureters without UC and 28 lower-polar vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) associated in 6 with upper polar VUR...
July 1999: Pediatric Surgery International
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