keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk sepsis dialysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748892/clinical-profile-of-geriatric-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-tertiary-care-center-from-south-india
#1
Eshwarappa Mahesh, Praveen Nallamuthu, Mahesh Kumar, Parampalli Rakesh Madhyastha, Gurudev Konanna
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is high in the elderly, who comprise an ever-growing segment of the population. Elderly patients pose a different set of diagnostic and therapeutic challenge owing to their associated comorbidities. AKI in the elderly is associated with an increased risk of mortality, morbidity, prolonged length of stay, and progression to chronic kidney disease. Data regarding the clinical profile of AKI in the elderly from the South Indian population are limited. Hence, we present this analysis of the etiological and prognostic factors associated with AKI in elderly population from South India...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743653/a-review-of-arterio-venous-fistulae-creation-in-octogenarians
#2
Jennifer Clarissa Diandra, Zhiwen Joseph Lo, Wei-Wen Ang, Jue Fei Feng, Sriram Narayanan, Glenn Wei Leong Tan, Sadhana Chandrasekar
BACKGROUND: To analyse the outcomes of arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) creation in Octogenarians. METHODS: Retrospective study of 47 AVFs created in patients aged 80 years and above from 2008 to 2014. Patient and AVF characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. Predictors of patency were analysed with multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier patency and survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: 47 of 1,259 AVFs created were for Octogenarians (4%)...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590946/hospitalization-among-individuals-waitlisted-for-kidney-transplant
#3
Kira L Newman, Raymond J Lynch, Andrew B Adams, Rebecca Zhang, Stephen O Pastan, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: For patients waitlisted for a deceased-donor kidney, hospitalization is associated with a lower likelihood of transplantation and worse posttransplant outcomes. However, individual-, neighborhood-, and regional-level risk factors for hospitalization throughout the waitlist period and specific causes of hospitalization in this population are unknown. METHODS: We used United States Renal Data System Medicare-linked data on patients waitlisted between 2005 and 2013 with continuous enrollment in Medicare Parts A & B (n=53 810) to examine the association between annual hospitalization rate and a variety of demographic, clinical, and social factors...
June 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570592/a-prospective-study-of-the-demographics-management-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-cape-town-south-africa
#4
Thandiwe A L Dlamini, Peter J Heering, Tawanda Chivese, Brian Rayner
AIM: To study the demographics and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A prospective observational study of AKI fulfilling the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes definition, from 8 July 2012 to 8 July 2013. Ethics approval was granted by the University of Cape Town Human Research Ethics Committee. Consent was waived because patient data was de-identified and patient management was not adversely affected by the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550994/prospective-validation-of-a-near-real-time-ehr-integrated-automated-sofa-score-calculator
#5
Christopher Aakre, Pablo Moreno Franco, Micaela Ferreyra, Jaben Kitson, Man Li, Vitaly Herasevich
OBJECTIVES: We created an algorithm for automated Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score calculation within the Electronic Health Record (EHR) to facilitate detection of sepsis based on the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (SEPSIS-3) clinical definition. We evaluated the accuracy of near real-time and daily automated SOFA score calculation compared with manual score calculation. METHODS: Automated SOFA scoring computer programs were developed using available EHR data sources and integrated into a critical care focused patient care dashboard at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469851/acute-suppurative-thyroiditis-in-infected-thyroid-cyst-in-an-adult-patient-under-hemodialysis
#6
Hiroyuki Igarashi, Hiroshi Yoshino, Mai Hijikata, Naoki Kumashiro, Yasuyo Ando, Hiroshi Uchino, Kumiko Tsuboi, Takahisa Hirose
Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) accompanied by an abscess is a rare clinical case. Hemodialysis patients are at risk for infections. Sepsis mortality was from 100 to 300 times higher for chronic dialysis patients than that for the general public. Thus, special care should be taken against infection in patients under hemodialysis.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426835/outcomes-from-a-cohort-of-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-subjected-to-continuous-venovenous-hemodiafiltration-the-role-of-negative-fluid-balance
#7
Thais Oliveira Claizoni Dos Santos, Marisa Aparecida de Souza Oliveira, Julio Cesar Martins Monte, Marcelo Costa Batista, Virgilio Gonçalves Pereira Junior, Bento Fortunato Cardoso Dos Santos, Oscar Fernando Pavão Santos, Marcelino de Souza Durão Junior
BACKGROUND: Several factors influence the outcomes in acute kidney injury (AKI), especially in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. In this scenario, continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) are used to control metabolic derangements and blood volume. Knowing this fact, it may be possible to change the course of the disease and decrease the high mortality rate observed. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the main risk factors for death in AKI patients needing CRRT. RESULTS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of ICU patients (N = 183) with AKI who underwent continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) as their initial dialysis modality choice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405987/cardiorenal-syndrome-clinical-outcome-study
#8
H R Shah, N P Singh, N P Aggarwal, D Singhania, A Kumar
BACKGROUND: Over recent years, the field of medicine has been challenged by the twin epidemic of heart failure and renal insufficiency. The coexistence of the two problems in the same patient, referred to as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), is defined as 'disorders of the heart and kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. The mechanisms underlying this interaction are complex and multifactorial in nature. OBJECTIVE OF STUDY: Identify and classify patients admitted with cardiorenal syndrome into various subtypes and assess clinical outcome at discharge and at three months...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391314/continued-monitoring-of-acute-kidney-injury-survivors-might-not-be-necessary-in-those-regaining-an-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-60%C3%A2-ml-min-at-1-year
#9
Sokratis Stoumpos, Patrick B Mark, Emily P McQuarrie, Jamie P Traynor, Colin C Geddes
Background.: Severe acute kidney injury (AKI) among hospitalized patients often necessitates initiation of short-term dialysis. Little is known about the long-term outcome of those who recover to normal renal function. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term renal outcome of patients experiencing AKI requiring dialysis secondary to hypoperfusion injury and/or sepsis who recovered to apparently normal renal function. Methods.: All adult patients with AKI requiring dialysis in our centre between 1 January 1980 and 31 December 2010 were identified...
January 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352008/spectrum-of-renal-injury-in-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-experience-from-a-single-center-in-india
#10
Mahesh Eswarappa, Madhyastha Rakesh, Puri Sonika, K Snigdha, M Midhun, K Kaushik, Gurudev Konana Chennabasappa, Bande Sujeeth
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is a known complication of late pregnancy and is an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Data on clinical profile, especially renal profile of preeclampsia and eclampsia in Indian women are lacking. The aim of our study was to examine the renal profile and clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed with PIH in our institution with a focus on the spectrum of acute kidney injury (AKI). In this prospective, observational study, 347 patients with a diagnosis of preeclampsia-eclampsia, who were undergoing treatment at the M...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181855/a-contemporary-evaluation-of-carotid-endarterectomy-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#11
Amit R Patel, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy, Todd R Vogel
Objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as a significant risk factor for poor post-surgical outcomes. This study was designed to provide a contemporary analysis of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) outcomes in patients with CKD, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and normal renal function (NF). Methods The Nationwide Inpatient Sample data 2006-2012 was queried to select patients aging 40 years old and above who underwent CEA during two days after admission and had a diagnosis of ESRD on long-term hemodialysis, patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD, or NF...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178126/free-and-total-p-cresol-sulfate-levels-and-infectious-hospitalizations-in-hemodialysis-patients-in-choice-and-hemo
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tanushree Banerjee, Timothy W Meyer, Tariq Shafi, Thomas H Hostetter, Michal Melamed, Yunnuo Zhu, Neil R Powe
The uremic syndrome is attributed to progressive retention of compounds that, under normal conditions, are excreted by the healthy kidneys. p-cresol sulfate (PCS), a prototype protein-bound uremic retention solute, has been shown to exert toxic effects in vitro. Recent studies have identified relations between increased levels of PCS and indoxyl sulfate (IS) and adverse clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients. We explored the relationship between free and total PCS and IS with infection-related hospitalizations (IH) and septicemia in 2 cohorts, Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Study (CHOICE) and Hemodialysis Study (HEMO)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149647/hepatitis-c-and-kidney-disease-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Rashad S Barsoum, Emad A William, Soha S Khalil
Hepatitis-C (HCV) infection can induce kidney injury, mostly due to formation of immune-complexes and cryoglobulins, and possibly to a direct cytopathic effect. It may cause acute kidney injury (AKI) as a part of systemic vasculitis, and augments the risk of AKI due to other etiologies. It is responsible for mesangiocapillary or membranous glomerulonephritis, and accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease due to other causes. HCV infection increases cardiovascular and liver-related mortality in patients on regular dialysis...
March 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141912/high-volume-haemofiltration-for-sepsis-in-adults
#14
REVIEW
Emma Mj Borthwick, Christopher J Hill, Kannaiyan S Rabindranath, Alexander P Maxwell, Danny F McAuley, Bronagh Blackwood
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis and septic shock are leading causes of death in the intensive care unit (ICU), despite advances in the treatment of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, including early recognition, appropriate treatment with antibiotics and support of organs that may have been affected by the illness. High-volume haemofiltration (HVHF) is a blood purification technique that may improve outcomes in severe sepsis or septic shock. The technique of HVHF has evolved from renal replacement therapies used in the ICU to treat critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI)...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097012/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-antibiotics-in-critically-ill-acute-kidney-injury-patients
#15
REVIEW
Welder Zamoner, Fernanda M de Freitas, Durval S S Garms, Mariele Gobo de Oliveira, André L Balbi, Daniela Ponce
Sepsis is the most common cause of death in critically ill patients and is associated with multiorgan failure, including acute kidney injury (AKI). This situation can require acute renal support and increase mortality. Therefore, it is essential to administer antimicrobials in doses that achieve adequate serum levels, avoiding both overdosing and drug toxicity as well as underdosing and the risk of antibiotic resistance and higher mortality. Currently, there are no validated guidelines on antibiotic dose adjustments in septic patients with AKI...
December 2016: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063688/crystalloid-fluid-choice-and-clinical-outcomes-in-pediatric-sepsis-a-matched-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Scott L Weiss, Luke Keele, Fran Balamuth, Neika Vendetti, Rachael Ross, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jeffrey S Gerber
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that resuscitation with balanced fluids (lactated Ringer [LR]) is associated with improved outcomes compared with normal saline (NS) in pediatric sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: We performed matched analyses using data from 12 529 patients <18 years of age with severe sepsis/septic shock at 382 US hospitals between 2000 and 2013 to compare outcomes with vs without LR as part of initial resuscitation. Patients receiving LR were matched 1:1 to patients receiving only NS (NS group), including separate matches for any (LR-any group) or exclusive (LR-only group) LR use...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998917/national-trends-and-impact-of-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-hemodialysis-in-hospitalizations-with-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Lili Chan, Swati Mehta, Kinsuk Chauhan, Priti Poojary, Sagar Patel, Sumeet Pawar, Achint Patel, Ashish Correa, Shanti Patel, Pranav S Garimella, Narender Annapureddy, Shiv Kumar Agarwal, Umesh Gidwani, Steven G Coca, Girish N Nadkarni
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cause for hospitalization, but there are limited data regarding acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) in AF hospitalizations. We aimed to assess temporal trends and outcomes in AF hospitalizations complicated by AKI-D utilizing a nationally representative database. METHODS AND RESULTS: Utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, AF hospitalizations and AKI-D were identified using diagnostic and procedure codes...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866651/cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-hepatic-or-renal-transplantation-a%C3%A2-pair-matched-study
#18
Mina Farag, Marina Nikolic, Rawa Arif, Bastian Schmack, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Arjang Ruhparwar, Matthias Karck, Alexander Weymann
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of patients with previous solid organ transplant with those of a pair-matched population. METHODS: Data from our prospectively maintained cardiac surgery registry were obtained and identified 70 transplant recipients (21 hepatic, 49 renal) who were operated on at our department of cardiac surgery between 2000 and 2013; they formed the transplant group. Those patients were pair-matched regarding age, sex, and cardinal cardiac risk factors to form the pair-matched group...
November 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712962/risk-factors-for-candidemia-mortality-in-hospitalized-children
#19
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Mariana Nadal Cardoso, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Gregory Jaeger, Marion Burger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with death due to bloodstream infection caused by Candida spp. in pediatric patients and evaluate the resistance to the main anti-fungal used in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with retrospective collection that included 65 hospitalized pediatric patients with bloodstream infection by Candida spp. A univariate analysis was performed to estimate the association between the characteristics of the candidemia patients and death...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611620/acute-kidney-injury-in-burn-patients-clinically-significant-over-the-initial-hospitalization-and-1-year-after-injury-an-original-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Samih Z Thalji, Anai N Kothari, Paul C Kuo, Michael J Mosier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after burn injury as an independent risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality over initial hospitalization and 1-year follow-up. BACKGROUND: Variability in fluid resuscitation and difficulty recognizing early sepsis are major barriers to preventing AKI after burn injury. Expanding our understanding of the burden AKI has on the clinical course of burn patients would highlight the need for standardized protocols...
August 2017: Annals of Surgery
keyword
keyword
55527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"