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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545201/treatment-experiences-of-women-with-reproductive-cancers-in-odisha-india-a-qualitative-exploration-of-enablers-and-barriers
#1
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Sandeep Mahapatra, Sabita Nayak, Sukdev Nayak, David Weller
Introduction: Cancer continues to be a major menace to our Indian society notwithstanding significant progress in diagnosis and treatment. In India cancer mortality rates in women are high compared to other countries, despite efforts to improve survival through the development of effective detection techniques and increased numbers of viable treatment options. Indian women’s advanced stage of disease at diagnosis is largely attributable to delay in seeking treatment. The present qualitative inquiry was conducted with the aim of capturing the treatment experiences of patients with gynecology cancer at a tertiary care hospital and understanding the barriers, enablers, stress and apprehension they experience during the treatment phases...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542870/the-breast-and-cervical-cancer-early-detection-program-medicaid-and-breast-cancer-outcomes-among-ohio-s-underserved-women
#2
Siran M Koroukian, Paul M Bakaki, Phyo Than Htoo, Xiaozhen Han, Mark Schluchter, Cynthia Owusu, Gregory S Cooper, Johnie Rose, Susan A Flocke
BACKGROUND: As an organized screening program, the national Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (BCCEDP) was launched in the early 1990s to improve breast cancer outcomes among underserved women. To analyze the impact of the BCCEDP on breast cancer outcomes in Ohio, this study compared cancer stages and mortality across BCCEDP participants, Medicaid beneficiaries, and "all others." METHODS: This study linked data across the Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System, Medicaid, the BCCEDP database, death certificates, and the US Census and identified 26,426 women aged 40 to 64 years who had been diagnosed with incident invasive breast cancer during the years 2002-2008 (deaths through 2010)...
May 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541876/malignancy-associated-sweet-syndrome-acute-febrile-neutrophilic-dermatosis-associated-with-recurrence-of-metastatic-cervical-cancer
#3
Ashley K Clark, Annahita K Sarcon, Maxwell A Fung A Fung, Thomas Konia, Erik G Laurin, Raja K Sivamani
We present a rare case of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, also known as Sweet syndrome, associated with recurrence of metastatic cervical cancer. This report highlights similar reports and serves as an important reminder of the relationship between Sweet syndrome and cervical cancer. Increasing awareness of Sweet syndrome assists clinicians in recognizing characteristic findings and encourages evaluation of patients for new-onset or recurrent neoplastic disease. Additionally, we discuss the typical presentation of the syndrome, the proper workup and treatment, and a common pitfall encountered in the diagnosis of Sweet syndrome...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541855/rate-and-reasons-for-repeat-ct-scanning-in-transferred-trauma-patients
#4
James F Holmes, Blake G Siglock, Michael T Corwin, Michael A Johnson, Edgardo S Salcedo, Gabriel S Espinoza, Ramit Lamba
To describe the reasons and additional radiation for CT scans repeated after transfer to a trauma center. Retrospective study of patients transferred to a trauma center. Patients had repeat CT if a CT of the same region was repeated at the trauma center's emergency department. Indications for repeat CT scanning were abstracted. Radiation dosage was calculated in millisieverts. A total of 370 had CT scans and were transferred. Mean age was 39.1 ± 28.0 years. Seventy-four [20.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 16...
May 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541626/risk-factors-for-unrecognized-invasive-carcinoma-in-patients-with-vulvar-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesion-at-vulvoscopy-directed-biopsy
#5
Mario Preti, Lauro Bucchi, Bruno Ghiringhello, Silvana Privitera, Valentina Frau, Elisabetta Corvetto, Chiara Benedetto, Leonardo Micheletti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for unrecognized invasive carcinoma in a series of patients undergoing surgical excision after an office biopsy of vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (VHSIL). METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen consecutive patients treated in a tertiary-level referral center for vulvar disease in north-western Italy were recruited. Patients' records were reviewed by trained personnel. Factors showing a statistically significant (p<0...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539676/results-from-polish-spondyloarthritis-initiative-registry-polspi-methodology-and-data-from-the-first-year-of-observation
#6
Zofia Guła, Tacjana Barczyńska, Marek Brzosko, Jerzy Gąsowski, Sławomir Jeka, Katarzyna Jodłowska-Cicio, Beata Kwaśny-Krochin, Piotr Leszczyński, Łukasz Lubiński, Katarzyna Łosińska, Katarzyna Pawlak-Buś, Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Włodzimierz Samborski, Małgorzata Schlabs, Maciej Siedlar, Dorota Sikorska, Jerzy Świerkot, Małgorzata Węgierska, Piotr Wiland, Mariusz Korkosz
OBJECTIVES: Report on one-year results from the Polish Spondyloarthritis Initiative registry (PolSPI), containing the cross-sectional analysis of clinical and imaging data as well as database methodology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PolSPI registry includes patients with axial (axSpA) and peripheral (perSpA) spondyloarthritis according to ASAS classification criteria, and/or patients with ankylosing spondylitis according to modified New York criteria, psoriatic arthritis according to CASPAR criteria, arthropathy in inflammatory bowel disease, reactive arthritis, juvenile spondyloarthritis or undifferentiated spondyloarthritis...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538083/preoperative-opioid-use-a-risk-factor-for-poor-return-to-work-status-after-single-level-cervical-fusion-for-radiculopathy-in-a-workers-compensation-setting
#7
Mhamad Faour, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case-control study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are: (1) How preoperative opioid use impacts RTW status after single-level cervical fusion for radiculopathy? and (2) What are other postsurgical outcomes affected by preoperative opioid use? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Opioid use has increased significantly in the past decade. The use of opioids has a drastic impact on workers' compensation population, an at-risk cohort for poorer surgical and functional outcomes than the general population...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536978/a-6-dof-parallel-bone-grinding-robot-for-cervical-disc-replacement-surgery
#8
Heqiang Tian, Chenchen Wang, Xiaoqing Dang, Lining Sun
Artificial cervical disc replacement surgery has become an effective and main treatment method for cervical disease, which has become a more common and serious problem for people with sedentary work. To improve cervical disc replacement surgery significantly, a 6-DOF parallel bone-grinding robot is developed for cervical bone-grinding by image navigation and surgical plan. The bone-grinding robot including mechanical design and low level control is designed. The bone-grinding robot navigation is realized by optical positioning with spatial registration coordinate system defined...
May 24, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536694/validation-of-nomograms-for-survival-and-metastases-after-hysterectomy-and-adjuvant-therapy-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-with-risk-factors
#9
Won Sup Yoon, Dae Sik Yang, Jung Ae Lee, Nam Kwon Lee, Young Je Park, Chul Yong Kim, Nak Woo Lee, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Kwan Lee, Jae Yun Song
Background. Three nomogram models for early stage uterine cervical cancer have been developed (KROG 13-03 for overall survival [OS], SNUH/AMC for disease-free survival [DFS], and KROG 12-08 for distant metastases-free survival [DMFS]) after radical hysterectomy (RH) and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). This study aimed to validate these models using our cohort with adjuvant radiotherapy. Methods. According to the eligibility criteria of nomogram studies, patients were enrolled in Group A (N = 109) for the two KROG models (RH with PLND and whole pelvic irradiation) and Group B (N = 101) for the SNUH/AMC model (RH with PLND and squamous histology)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535941/-anesthetic-management-of-two-patients-with-alkaptonuric-ochronosis-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Betul Kozanhan
The current case report describes two cases of alkaptonuric ochronosis for anesthetic management. Alkaptonuria is a rare genetic orphan disease of tyrosine metabolism characterized by an accumulation of homogentisic acid in cartilage and connective tissues. Patients present most commonly for orthopedic joint surgery due to progressive arthropathy that can be misdiagnosed many a times. However respiratory, airway, cardiovascular and genitourinary systems complications can occur with age progressing. Restricted range of motion of cervical spine may lead to difficulty with airway management...
May 20, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535360/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-otolaryngological-manifestations-and-management
#11
Richard Heyes, Donald W Northfelt, David G Lott
Objective Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a unifying term for a spectrum of lymphoid expansion entities brought about by immunosuppression and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Otolaryngological findings tend to present early in the clinical course; therefore, disease awareness among otolaryngologists is of utmost importance. This review synthesizes the body of literature pertaining to PTLD involving the head and neck, summarizes contemporary management, and highlights areas for future research...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535138/paramedian-submandibular-approach-for-removal-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-pterygoid-muscle-in-two-dogs
#12
Elizabeth Gettinger, Daniel Smeak, Angela Marolf
The purpose of this report is to document a unique location of an oropharyngeal foreign body, diagnosed via contrast computed tomography (CT), as well as a novel surgical approach to the pterygoid muscle region. Oropharyngeal foreign objects are an uncommon but potentially serious disease that can lead to chronic abscessation and pain. Two dogs were presented with chronic complaints, including pain and inability to fully open the mouth for a 1 yr and 5 mo duration, respectively. There was no history or evidence of skin sinus or submandibular/cervical swelling on physical examination of either dog...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535004/peroxiredoxin-5-overexpression-enhances-tumorigenicity-and-correlates-with-poor-prognosis-in-gastric-cancer
#13
Bokyung Kim, Yeon Soo Kim, Hye-Mi Ahn, Hyo Jin Lee, Min Kyu Jung, Hyun Yong Jeong, Dong Kyu Choi, Jun Hyeog Lee, Sang-Rae Lee, Jin Man Kim, Dong-Seok Lee
Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite the advanced surgical resection techniques and anticancer drugs currently available to treat early stage gastric cancer, the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer remains poor. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important process for the initiation of tumorigenesis. Recent studies suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) can promote cell migration and invasion. Thus, an imbalance of redox homeostasis can result in cancer cells exhibiting EMT properties...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533943/etiology-and-treatment-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
Hernando Rafael, Juan Oscar David, Antonio Santiago Vilca
BACKGROUND: To date all researchers conclude that the etiology of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is not known. On the contrary, since August 2009, we believe that disease is of ischemic origin in the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present our surgical experience into 45 patients with ALS (bulbar form in 36 cases and spinal form in 9). Preoperative MRI scans revealed microinfarcts in the medulla oblongata and/or cervical cord...
2017: American Journal of Neurodegenerative Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533763/is-alteration-of-tuning-property-in-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-specific-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#15
Toshihisa Murofushi, Masahito Tsubota, Ryota Suizu, Eriko Yoshimura
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to show sensitivity and specificity of cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) tuning property test to Ménière's disease (MD) in comparison with healthy controls (HC) and patients with other vestibular diseases. SUBJECTS: Totally 92 subjects (50 women and 42 men, 20-77 years of age) were enrolled in this study. Subjects were composed of 38 definite unilateral MD patients, 11 unilateral benign paroxysmal positional vertigo patients, 14 vestibular migraine patients, 19 unilateral vestibular neuritis patients, and 10 HC...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533155/indications-and-techniques-for-robotic-pelvic-and-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-with-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-in-gynecologic-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Ketura Preya A Wisner, Sarfraz Ahmad, Robert W Holloway
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is the most common approach for the treatment of early-stage endometrial and cervical cancers in the US. Surgical staging requires pelvic and often aortic lymphadenectomy, depending on the primary tumor characteristics. Pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy procedures may also be indicated for debulking of larger metastases to improve disease control. The infra-renal basin is an important anatomic site of metastasis from pelvic tumors, and robotic dissection techniques for this site have been described...
April 24, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532909/volume-outcome-relationship-after-1-and-2-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#17
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, Jonathan Nakhla, Rani Nasser, Ajit Jada, Niketh Bhashyam, Merritt D Kinon, Reza Yassari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of surgeon volume on inpatient morbidity after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2009 were extracted. All adult patients who underwent an elective 1- or 2-level ACDF for degenerative cervical spine disease were identified. Surgeon volume was analyzed as a continuous and categorical variable (very-low (<12 procedures per year), low (12 - 23), medium (24 - 35), high (36 - 47), and very-high volume (48 or more))...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532825/growth-performance-reproductive-traits-and-offspring-survivability-of-genetically-modified-rams-overexpressing-toll-like-receptor-4
#18
Yu-Chang Yao, Hong-Bing Han, Xu-Ting Song, Shou-Long Deng, Yu-Feng Liu, Ming-Hai Lu, Yun-Hai Zhang, Mei-Yu Qi, Hai-Juan He, Su-Mei Wang, Guo-Shi Liu, Wu Li, Zheng-Xing Lian
Genetic modification provides a means to enhancing disease resistance in animals. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the TLR family, is critical for the recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria by host immune cells, which initiates cell activation and subsequently triggers a proinflammatory response to the invading pathogens. In this study, the first generation of genetically modified (GM) sheep overexpressing TLR4 was produced by microinjection for better disease resistance...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532342/development-and-testing-of-the-questionnaire-cec-61-knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-in-chilean-adolescents
#19
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo, Oslando Padilla
Despite a clear association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, knowledge in adolescent populations regarding the disease and methods for its detection and prevention is deficient. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new questionnaire concerning knowledge on cervical cancer. An instrument was developed and validated to measure knowledge in 226 Chilean adolescents between April and June 2011. Content validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis of the instrument were performed...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532172/cranio-spinal-rosai-dorfman-disease-case-series-and-literature-review
#20
Shashank S Joshi, Shilpa Joshi, Girish Muzumdar, Keki E Turel, Rajan M Shah, Indoo Ammbulkar, Muhammad Masood Hussain, Kishor A Choudhari
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare condition similar to lymphomas, presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy in young adults. Extra-nodal involvement is relatively common but involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is rare. Cranial RDD presents with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, focal or generalised seizures, while spinal RDD presents with pain, peripheral neurological deficits and radiculopathy. In contrast to other similar neoplastic or degenerative conditions affecting the CNS, RDD is a benign, non-infective, granulomatous disorder...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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