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Maria K Casagrande, Sylvia Green, Frank Schüttauf, Martin S Spitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Amanda Schenatto Ferreira, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Liliam Barbuglio Del Priore, Carmen Lucia Gomes Garcia, Matheus Henrique Maiolini Ducatti, Ana Flavia Balotari Botta, Marina Cabral Waiteman, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate pain level and function limitation in adolescent athletes and physically active non-athletes with PFP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Adolescent athletes were recruited at a sport center complex. Adolescent non-athletes were recruited from upper secondary schools. PARTICIPANTS: 108 adolescents diagnosed with PFP: 42 adolescent athletes and 66 adolescent non-athletes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To evaluate the level of pain, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used and to evaluate the overall function, the Knee Outcome in Osteoarthritis Survey (KOOS) was used...
July 11, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Haixia Liu, Xutao Zhu, Yun Ling, Xiaobin He, Lei Pei, Zhidan Zhang, Fang Yang, Fuqiang Xu
Purpose: Our previous studies suggested that mechanosensitive trigeminal ganglion (TG) nerve endings innervating the inner wall of the anterior eye chamber (IWAEC) might play a role in baroreception of the IOP. It has been reported that mechanosensitive TG nerve endings also innervate the dura mater. An acute IOP elevation evokes eye pain accompanied by an ipsilateral headache, suggesting that information exchange may occur between the primary afferent neurons (PANs) innervating the IWAEC and the dura mater...
July 2, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Kayo Mukawa, Daisuke Higuchi, Chisako Furuyama, Kazuyoshi Baba
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pretreatment patient-related factors are associated with the outcomes of dental implant treatment through multidimensional evaluations of oral health-related quality of life and health-related quality of life using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) developed from the Medical Outcomes Study, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health-related quality of life was evaluated using the Japanese version of the OHIP, and health-related quality of life was evaluated using scores for the mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS) dimensions of the SF-36...
July 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Hua-Wei Huang, Li-Mei Yan, Yan-Lin Yang, Xuan He, Xiu-Mei Sun, Yu-Mei Wang, Guo-Bin Zhang, Jian-Xin Zhou
Postoperative agitation frequently occurs after general anesthesia and may be associated with serious consequences. However, studies in neurosurgical patients have been inadequate. We aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors for early postoperative agitation in patients after craniotomy, specifically focusing on the association between postoperative pneumocephalus and agitation. Adult intensive care unit admitted patients after elective craniotomy under general anesthesia were consecutively enrolled...
2018: PloS One
Yingming Xu, Kui Zhang, Jinlin Miao, Peng Zhao, Minghua Lv, Jia Li, Xianghui Fu, Xing Luo, Ping Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Pain management is a huge challenge in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and central sensitization is reportedly involved in the development of pain. The current study was undertaken to explore the possible role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) in the spinal mechanism of central sensitization in RA using a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. METHODS: Mechanical hypersensitivity was assessed in C57BL/6 mice, before and after the induction of CIA via administration of chick type II collagen...
2018: PloS One
Nadia Corp, Joanne L Jordan, Peter R Croft
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is very popular with patients frequently combining it with orthodox health care. The high prevalence of CAM use and satisfaction with CAM reported by patients directly challenges an orthodox system that can only approve such use if it results from the application of biomedical concepts and science. Studies highlighting this as a cultural, sociological and historical phenomenon emphasise the value of choice for consumers of health care...
2018: PloS One
Kathrine Meyers, Yumeng Wu, Atrina Brill, Theodorus Sandfort, Sarit A Golub
BACKGROUND: Phase III trials of long-acting injectable (LAI) PrEP, currently underway, have great potential for expanding the menu of HIV prevention options. Imagining a future in which multiple PrEP modalities are available to potential users of biomedical HIV prevention, we investigated which factors might help direct a patient-physician shared-decision making process to optimize the choice of biomedical HIV prevention method. METHODS: Participants (n = 105; ages 19-63; 46...
2018: PloS One
Zahi Arnon, Asnat Dor, Hadar Bazak, Samuel Attias, Shlomi Sagi, Shoshana Balachsan, Elad Schiff
Background Despite pharmacological interventions, labor pain and anxiety still remain a challenge, and can carry long-term psychological complications. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of reflexology on these symptoms and to explore the physical and psychological components of women's experience associated with this treatment. Methods This qualitative study was conducted in an Israeli university hospital that offers integrative medicine services. Reflexology was offered to laboring women in the hospital, by the medical staff...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Zoran Popmihajlov, Lei Pang, Elizabeth Brown, Amita Joshi, Shu-Chih Su, Susan S Kaplan, English D Willis
BACKGROUND: ZOSTAVAX (ZVL; Zoster Virus Live), is a single dose, live, attenuated vaccine licensed for the prevention of herpes zoster (HZ) and post herpetic neuralgia (PHN) in adults ≥ 50 years of age. Injection site adverse events (AEs) of erythema, swelling and pain were solicited within 5 days post vaccination in the 2 pivotal studies of ZVL; ZEST (ZOSTAVAX Efficacy and Safety Trial) and SPS (Shingles Prevention Study). Protocol specified criteria were used to report the frequency and intensity of injection site AEs in ZEST and SPS studies...
July 19, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Fang Hu, Huai-Cun Liu, Dong-Qiang Su, Hai-Jing Chen, Sun-On Chan, Yun Wang, Jun Wang
Nogo-A is a key inhibitory molecule of axon regeneration in oligodendrocytes. However, little is known about its role in adult neurons. In this study, we showed an important function of Nogo-A on regulation of inflammatory pain in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. In adult rats with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) hind paw inflammation, DRG neurons showed a significant increase in Nogo-A expression. Disruption of Nogo-A signaling with Nogo-66 receptor antagonist peptide, Nogo-A blocking antibody, Nogo-A short hairpin RNA, or Nogo-A gene knockout attenuated CFA-induced inflammatory heat hyperalgesia...
July 19, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
F W Ismail, S Abid, S Awan, F Lubna
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Food hypersensitivity (FH), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD) have many overlapping symptoms, including abdominal discomfort, bloating, and altered bowel habits. We aimed to determine the frequency of FH in patients with IBS and functional FD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients of either gender diagnosed with IBS and/or FD as per the Rome III criteria were recruited. Patients underwent serological testing against 6 food allergens: beef, shrimp, egg white, milk, peanut, and soy-bean...
April 2018: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
J A Anderson, J A Mason, B Halliday
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders are prone to disabling joint arthropathy frequently requiring arthroplasty for end-stage joint disease. Higher complication rates and more modest post-operative functional outcomes have previously been described. AIM: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of persons with inherited bleeding disorders (predominantly haemophilia) undergoing total hip and knee replacement...
July 19, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Le-Nyu Gao, Bing Zhong, Yong Wang
RATIONALE: Hansen disease is an infectious chronic disease with various clinical manifestations. Its joint performance may easily mimic rheumatoid arthritis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 57-year-old woman diagnosed with Hansen disease 10 years ago, who suffered from joints swelling, pain and joints deformities of both hands for 19 years. The skin on the hands showed rashes, thickening, desquamation and chapping, with both thenar muscles atrophy. She also had severe hypoalgesia of the whole body, and morning stiffness for one hour...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuzhong Liu, Xi Zhou, An Song, Xiangyi Kong, Yipeng Wang, Yong Liu
RATIONALE: Gorham-Stout syndrome in the spine is extremely rare, and there is no standard curative management thus far. The objective of this article is to report a very rare case of Gorham-Stout syndrome of the lumbar and sacral spine with chylothorax and chyloperitoneum successfully treated by combination of vertebroplasty with cement augmentation and medication treatment. We described the clinical characteristics and postoperative therapy of the patient, and reviewed all of the published cases of Gorham-Stout syndrome of the lumbar and sacral spine...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiao-Hua Zuo, Xue-Piao Zhu, Hong-Guang Bao, Chen-Jie Xu, Hao Chen, Xian-Zhong Gao, Qian-Xi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) commonly afflicts most aged people resulting back pain, substantial vertebral deformity, functional disability, decreased quality of life, and increased adjacent spinal fractures and mortality. Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) included percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP), nerve block (NB), and conservative treatment (CT) are used for the nonsurgery treatment strategy of OVCFs, however, current evaluation of their efficacy remains controversial...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lei Ma, Feng-Yu Liu, Li-Shuang Huo, Zheng-Qi Zhao, Xian-Ze Sun, Feng Li, Wen-Yuan Ding
BACKGROUND: Laminoplasty (LP) and laminectomy with fusion (LF) were recognized as two reliable and effective way in treating multilevel cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). However, there was no clear conclusion on which method is better. A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the clinical results between LP and LF in the treatment of multilevel cervical OPLL. METHODS: An extensive search of literature was performed in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI (Chinese database), and WANFANG (Chinese database)...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yan Song, Honglei Chen, Fang Yang, Yuheng Zeng, Yongheng He, Huiyong Huang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) and stapled hemorrhoidectomy (SH) in the treatment of hemorrhoids by a meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing SH with THD were searched for in databases, including MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database. Data were independently extracted from each study, and a meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hui Wang, Rui Xue, Lumei Wu, Wenyuan Ding, Lei Ma
The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes between modified Gallie graft fusion-wiring technique and posterior cervical screw constructs for Type II odontoid fractures, and hope to provide references in decision making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeons and surgically treated patients.This is a retrospective study. By retrieving the medical records from January 2005 to July 2015 in our hospital, 53 Type II odontoid fracture patients were reviewed. According to the instrumentation type, patients were divided into 2 groups: Wiring group and Screw group...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sung-Hoon Jung, Oh-Yun Kwon, Chung-Hwi Yi, Sang-Hyun Cho, Hye-Seon Jeon, Jong-Hyuck Weon, Ui-Jae Hwang
Findings about predictors of chronic lower-back pain (CLBP) were inconsistent and inconclusive in previous studies because patients with CLBP are heterogeneous. Subgrouping patients with CLBP, according to a CLBP classification system, might thus clarify the research findings. CLBP in the direction of lumbar flexion movement, that is, the flexion pattern, is common in clinical situations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of dysfunction (pain, disability) and health-related quality of life in the flexion pattern subgroup of patients with CLBP...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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