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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#1
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722213/countering-resistance-to-protected-area-extension
#2
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Reed Noss
The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of the earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the USA, Germany and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. Here we provide case studies of such resistance and suggest four ways to tackle this problem: (1) Broaden the case for protected areas beyond just nature conservation, to include the economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas...
July 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721020/access-to-credible-information-on-schizophrenia-patients-medication-adherence-by-prescribers-can-change-their-treatment-strategies-evidence-from-an-online-survey-of-providers
#3
Jason Shafrin, Suepattra G May, Anshu Shrestha, Charles Ruetsch, Nicole Gerlanc, Felicia Forma, Ainslie Hatch, Darius N Lakdawalla, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Overestimating patients' medication adherence diminishes the ability of psychiatric care providers to prescribe the most effective treatment and to identify the root causes of treatment resistance in schizophrenia. This study was conducted to determine how credible patient drug adherence information (PDAI) might change prescribers' treatment decisions. METHODS: In an online survey containing 8 clinical case vignettes describing patients with schizophrenia, health care practitioners who prescribe antipsychotics to patients with schizophrenia were instructed to choose a preferred treatment recommendation from a set of predefined pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic options...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706033/publish-openly-but-responsibly-response
#4
David Lindenmayer, Glenn Ehmke, Ben Scheele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546170/do-not-publish
#5
David Lindenmayer, Ben Scheele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493884/non-linear-growth-in-tree-ferns-dicksonia-antarctica-and-cyathea-australis
#6
David P Blair, Wade Blanchard, Sam C Banks, David B Lindenmayer
Tree ferns are an important structural component of forests in many countries. However, because their regeneration is often unrelated to major disturbances, their age is often difficult to determine. In addition, rates of growth may not be uniform, which further complicates attempts to determine their age. In this study, we measured 5 years of growth of Cyathea australis and Dicksonia antarctica after a large wildfire in 2009 in south-eastern Australia. We found growth rates of these two species were unaffected by aspect and elevation but slope had a minor effect with D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454922/paliperidone-palmitate-once-monthly-maintains-improvement-in-functioning-domains-of-the-personal-and-social-performance-scale-compared-with-placebo-in-subjects-with-schizoaffective-disorder
#7
Dong-Jing Fu, Ibrahim Turkoz, David Walling, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, Nina R Schooler, Larry Alphs
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of paliperidone palmitate once-monthly (PP1M) injectable on the specific functioning domains of the Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale in patients with schizoaffective disorder (SCA) participating in a long-term study. METHODS: This study (NCT01193153) included both in- and outpatient subjects with SCA experiencing an acute exacerbation of psychotic and mood symptoms. Subjects were treated with PP1M either as monotherapy or in combination with antidepressants or mood stabilizers during a 25-week open-label (OL) phase...
April 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368180/predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-remediation-in-service-recipients-with-severe-mental-illness
#8
Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, Veronica Anna Ozog, Anzalee Khan, Isidora Ljuri, Samantha Fregenti, Susan R McGurk
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive challenges are prominent features of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, impairing occupational, social, and economic functioning. These challenges are predictive of social and work outcomes. Cognitive remediation has been shown to be effective in improving both cognitive and social functions. However, cognitive remediation does not produce improvement in all participants. We investigated demographic, neurocognitive, and psychopathological predictors associated with improvement following cognitive remediation interventions in service recipients with severe mental illnesses...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284374/niche-contractions-in-declining-species-mechanisms-and-consequences
#9
REVIEW
Ben C Scheele, Claire N Foster, Sam C Banks, David B Lindenmayer
A fundamental aim of conservation biology is to understand how species respond to threatening processes, with much research effort focused on identifying threats and quantifying spatial and temporal patterns of species decline. Here, we argue that threats often reduce the realized niche breadth of declining species because environmental, biotic, and evolutionary processes reduce or amplify threats, or because a species' capacity to tolerate threats varies across niche space. Our 'niche reduction hypothesis' provides a new lens for understanding why species decline in some locations and not others...
May 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237605/a-deeper-view-of-insight-in-schizophrenia-insight-dimensions-unawareness-and-misattribution-of-particular-symptoms-and-its-relation-with-psychopathological-factors
#10
Esther Pousa, Susana Ochoa, Jesús Cobo, Lourdes Nieto, Judith Usall, Beatriz Gonzalez, Carles Garcia-Ribera, Victor Pérez Solà, Ada-I Ruiz, Iris Baños, Jesús Cobo, Carles García-Ribera, Beatriz González, Carmina Massons, Lourdes Nieto, Clara Monserrat, Susana Ochoa, Esther Pousa, Ada-Inmaculada Ruiz, Isabel Ruiz, Dolores Sanchez-Cabezudo, Judith Usall
OBJECTIVE: 1. To describe insight in a large sample of schizophrenia subjects from a multidimensional point of view, including unawareness of general insight dimensions as well as unawareness and misattribution of particular symptoms. 2. To explore the relationship between unawareness and clinical and socio-demographic variables. METHODS: 248 schizophrenia patients were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS, five factor model of Lindenmayer) and the full Scale of Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD)...
February 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121984/improving-the-design-of-a-conservation-reserve-for-a-critically-endangered-species
#11
Chris Taylor, Natasha Cadenhead, David B Lindenmayer, Brendan A Wintle
Setting aside protected areas is a key strategy for tackling biodiversity loss. Reserve effectiveness depends on the extent to which protected areas capture both known occurrences and areas likely to support the species. We assessed the effectiveness of the existing reserve network for Leadbeater's Possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri) and other forest-dependent species, and compared the existing reserve system to a set of plausible reserve expansion options based on area targets implied in a recent Population Viability Analysis (PVA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094171/the-relationship-of-cognitive-improvement-after-cognitive-remediation-with-social-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-severe-cognitive-deficits
#12
J P Lindenmayer, Samantha Fregenti, Guoxin Kang, Veronica Ozog, Isidora Ljuri, Anzalee Khan, A Goldring, Susan R McGurk
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the effects of change in neurocognition on functional outcomes and to examine predictors of change in social functions following a 12-week course of cognitive remediation in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder with severe cognitive impairments. METHOD: Level of social functioning was assessed using a performance based measure of functional capacity (PSP) in patients prior to and after the completion of 12-week cognitive remediation treatment (CRT)...
January 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042667/the-difficulties-of-systematic-reviews
#13
Martin J Westgate, David B Lindenmayer
The need for robust evidence to support conservation actions has driven the adoption of systematic approaches to research synthesis in ecology. However, applying systematic review to complex or open questions remains challenging, and this task is becoming more difficult as the quantity of scientific literature increases. We drew on the science of linguistics for guidance as to why the process of identifying and sorting information during systematic review remains so labor intensive, and to provide potential solutions...
January 2, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905436/conservation-thrive-on-slings-and-arrows
#14
LETTER
David Lindenmayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783548/patterns-of-adherence-to-oral-atypical-antipsychotics-among-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#15
Joanna P MacEwan, Felicia M Forma, Jason Shafrin, Ainslie Hatch, Darius N Lakdawalla, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence contributes to negative treatment response, symptom relapse, and hospitalizations in schizophrenia. Many health plans use claims-based measures like medication possession ratios or proportion of days covered (PDC) to measure patient adherence to antipsychotics. Classifying patients solely on the basis of a single average PDC measure, however, may mask clinically meaningful variations over time in how patients arrive at an average PDC level. OBJECTIVE: To model patterns of medication adherence evolving over time for patients with schizophrenia who initiated treatment with an oral atypical antipsychotic and, based on these patterns, to identify groups of patients with different adherence behaviors...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755744/disturbance-gradient-shows-logging-affects-plant-functional-groups-more-than-fire
#16
David P Blair, Lachlan M McBurney, Wade Blanchard, Sam C Banks, David B Lindenmayer
Understanding the impacts of natural and human disturbances on forest biota is critical for improving forest management. Many studies have examined the separate impacts on fauna and flora of wildfire, conventional logging, and salvage logging, but empirical comparisons across a broad gradient of simultaneous disturbances are lacking. We quantified species richness and frequency of occurrence of vascular plants, and functional group responses, across a gradient of disturbances that occurred concurrently in 2009 in the mountain ash forests of southeastern Australia...
October 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755726/do-temporal-changes-in-vegetation-structure-additional-to-time-since-fire-predict-changes-in-bird-occurrence
#17
David B Lindenmayer, Steven G Candy, Christopher I MacGregor, Sam C Banks, Martin Westgate, Karen Ikin, Jennifer Pierson, Ayesha Tulloch, Philip Barton
Fire is a major ecological process in ecosystems globally. Its impacts on fauna can be both direct (e.g., mortality) and indirect (e.g., altered habitat), resulting in population recovery being driven by several possible mechanisms. Separating direct from indirect impacts of fire on faunal population recovery can be valuable in guiding management of biodiversity in fire-prone environments. However, resolving the influence of direct and indirect processes remains a key challenge because many processes affecting fauna can change concomitantly with time since fire...
October 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704619/the-contribution-of-policy-law-management-research-and-advocacy-failings-to-the-recent-extinctions-of-three-australian-vertebrate-species
#18
REVIEW
John C Z Woinarski, Stephen T Garnett, Sarah M Legge, David B Lindenmayer
Extinctions typically have ecological drivers, such as habitat loss. However, extinction events are also influenced by policy and management settings that may be antithetical to biodiversity conservation, inadequate to prevent extinction, insufficiently resourced, or poorly implemented. Three endemic Australian vertebrate species-the Christmas Island pipistrelle (Pipistrellus murrayi), Bramble Cay melomys (Melomys rubicola), and Christmas Island forest skink (Emoia nativitatis)-became extinct from 2009 to 2014...
February 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423634/insight-and-gender-in-schizophrenia-and-other-psychoses
#19
Jesus Cobo, Lourdes Nieto, Susana Ochoa, Esther Pousa, Judith Usall, Iris Baños, Beatriz González, Isabel Ruiz, Ada I Ruiz
This study aimed to evaluate gender differences in the deficit of insight in psychosis and determine influences of clinical, functional, and sociodemographic variables. A multicenter sample of 401 adult patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders who agreed to participate was evaluated in four centers of the metropolitan area of Barcelona (Catalonia). Psychopathological assessment was performed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale Lindenmayers' Factors. Insight and its dimensions were assessed by means of the Scale of Unawareness of Mental Disorder...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383287/the-ecology-distribution-conservation-and-management-of-large-old-trees
#20
David B Lindenmayer, William F Laurance
Large old trees are some of the most iconic biota on earth and are integral parts of many terrestrial ecosystems including those in tropical, temperate and boreal forests, deserts, savannas, agro-ecological areas, and urban environments. In this review, we provide new insights into the ecology, function, evolution and management of large old trees through broad cross-disciplinary perspectives from literatures in plant physiology, growth and development, evolution, habitat value for fauna and flora, and conservation management...
July 7, 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
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