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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134195/ecological-restoration-success-is-higher-for-natural-regeneration-than-for-active-restoration-in-tropical-forests
#1
Renato Crouzeilles, Mariana S Ferreira, Robin L Chazdon, David B Lindenmayer, Jerônimo B B Sansevero, Lara Monteiro, Alvaro Iribarrem, Agnieszka E Latawiec, Bernardo B N Strassburg
Is active restoration the best approach to achieve ecological restoration success (the return to a reference condition, that is, old-growth forest) when compared to natural regeneration in tropical forests? Our meta-analysis of 133 studies demonstrated that natural regeneration surpasses active restoration in achieving tropical forest restoration success for all three biodiversity groups (plants, birds, and invertebrates) and five measures of vegetation structure (cover, density, litter, biomass, and height) tested...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120842/do-cognitive-deficits-predict-negative-emotionality-and-aggression-in-schizophrenia
#2
Anthony O Ahmed, Jenae Richardson, Alex Buckner, Sabrina Romanoff, Michelle Feder, Njideka Oragunye, Andriana Ilnicki, Ishrat Bhat, Matthew J Hoptman, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
Schizophrenia is associated with an elevated risk of aggression. Cognitive deficits have been associated with inpatient aggression and future violence. The relationship between cognitive deficits and violent behavior has however been inconsistent across studies. In addition, studies have failed to inform how cognitive deficits may contribute to aggression in schizophrenia. The current study examined the association of cognitive deficits with schizophrenia-related aggression and violent offending. It also explored the putative mediating role of negative emotionality on the impact of cognitive deficits on aggression...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103761/earth-observation-networks-eons-finding-the-right-balance
#3
David B Lindenmayer, Gene E Likens, Jerry F Franklin
Earth observation networks (EONs) are an emerging, surveillance-based approach to environmental monitoring and research that are fundamentally different than traditional question-driven, experimentally designed approaches. There is an urgent need to find an optimal balance between these approaches and to develop new integrated initiatives that take advantage of key features of them both.
November 2, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064363/the-health-impact-of-rabies-in-haiti-and-recent-developments-on-the-path-toward-elimination-2010-2015
#4
Ryan Wallace, Melissa Etheart, Fleurinord Ludder, Pierre Augustin, Natael Fenelon, Richard Franka, Kelly Crowdis, Patrick Dely, Paul Adrien, J Pierre-Louis, Modupe Osinubi, Lillian Orciari, Marco Vigilato, Jesse Blanton, Roopal Patel, David Lowrance, Andrecy Liverdieu, Andre Coetzer, John Boone, Joanne Lindenmayer, M Millien
Haiti, a Caribbean country of 10.5 million people, is estimated to have the highest burden of canine-mediated human rabies deaths in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the highest rates of human rabies deaths in the world. Haiti is also the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and has numerous economic and health priorities that compete for rabies-control resources. As a result, primary rabies-control actions, including canine vaccination programs, surveillance systems for human and animal rabies, and appropriate postbite treatment, have not been fully implemented at a national scale...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988093/a-methodological-framework-for-coastal-development-assessment-a-case-study-of-fujian-province-china
#5
Haiyan Tian, David B Lindenmayer, Gabriel T W Wong, Zhu Mao, Yi Huang, Xiongzhi Xue
Decision-makers often have to make trade-offs between economic growth and environmental conservation when developing and managing coastal environments. Coastal development and management need to be subject to rigorous assessments to determine if they are sustainable over time. We propose a methodological framework - the Coastal Development Index (CDI) for the assessment of the changes in sustainability of coastal development over time. CDI is a modified version of the Ocean Health Index (OHI) but with two new indicators - ecological and environmental indicators (EEI), and social and economic indicators (SEI), both of which comprise three sub-indicators (coastal protection, clean waters and species protection for EEI, and food provision, coastal livelihoods and economies and tourism and recreation for SEI)...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963477/ecosystem-accounts-define-explicit-and-spatial-trade-offs-for-managing-natural-resources
#6
Heather Keith, Michael Vardon, John A Stein, Janet L Stein, David Lindenmayer
Decisions about natural resource management are frequently complex and vexed, often leading to public policy compromises. Discord between environmental and economic metrics creates problems in assessing trade-offs between different current or potential resource uses. Ecosystem accounts, which quantify ecosystems and their benefits for human well-being consistent with national economic accounts, provide exciting opportunities to contribute significantly to the policy process. We advanced the application of ecosystem accounts in a regional case study by explicitly and spatially linking impacts of human and natural activities on ecosystem assets and services to their associated industries...
September 18, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930693/managing-military-training-related-environmental-disturbance
#7
Rick Zentelis, Sam Banks, J Dale Roberts, Stephen Dovers, David Lindenmayer
Military Training Areas (MTAs) cover at least 2 percent of the Earth's terrestrial surface and occur in all major biomes. These areas are potentially important for biodiversity conservation. The greatest challenge in managing MTAs is balancing the disturbance associated with military training and environmental values. These challenges are unique as no other land use is managed for these types of anthropogenic disturbances in a natural setting. We investigated how military training-related disturbance is best managed on MTAs...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837912/the-global-palm-oil-sector-must-change-to-save-biodiversity-and-improve-food-security-in-the-tropics
#8
REVIEW
Badrul Azhar, Norzanalia Saadun, Margi Prideaux, David B Lindenmayer
Most palm oil currently available in global markets is sourced from certified large-scale plantations. Comparatively little is sourced from (typically uncertified) smallholders. We argue that sourcing sustainable palm oil should not be determined by commercial certification alone and that the certification process should be revisited. There are so-far unrecognized benefits of sourcing palm oil from smallholders that should be considered if genuine biodiversity conservation is to be a foundation of 'environmentally sustainable' palm oil production...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812609/please-do-not-disturb-ecosystems-further
#9
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Sam Banks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#10
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722213/countering-resistance-to-protected-area-extension
#11
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Reed Noss
The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of the earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the USA, Germany and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. Here we provide case studies of such resistance and suggest four ways to tackle this problem: (1) Broaden the case for protected areas beyond just nature conservation, to include the economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas...
July 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721020/access-to-credible-information-on-schizophrenia-patients-medication-adherence-by-prescribers-can-change-their-treatment-strategies-evidence-from-an-online-survey-of-providers
#12
Jason Shafrin, Suepattra G May, Anshu Shrestha, Charles Ruetsch, Nicole Gerlanc, Felicia Forma, Ainslie Hatch, Darius N Lakdawalla, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Overestimating patients' medication adherence diminishes the ability of psychiatric care providers to prescribe the most effective treatment and to identify the root causes of treatment resistance in schizophrenia. This study was conducted to determine how credible patient drug adherence information (PDAI) might change prescribers' treatment decisions. METHODS: In an online survey containing 8 clinical case vignettes describing patients with schizophrenia, health care practitioners who prescribe antipsychotics to patients with schizophrenia were instructed to choose a preferred treatment recommendation from a set of predefined pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic options...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706033/publish-openly-but-responsibly-response
#13
LETTER
David Lindenmayer, Glenn Ehmke, Ben Scheele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546170/do-not-publish
#14
David Lindenmayer, Ben Scheele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493884/non-linear-growth-in-tree-ferns-dicksonia-antarctica-and-cyathea-australis
#15
David P Blair, Wade Blanchard, Sam C Banks, David B Lindenmayer
Tree ferns are an important structural component of forests in many countries. However, because their regeneration is often unrelated to major disturbances, their age is often difficult to determine. In addition, rates of growth may not be uniform, which further complicates attempts to determine their age. In this study, we measured 5 years of growth of Cyathea australis and Dicksonia antarctica after a large wildfire in 2009 in south-eastern Australia. We found growth rates of these two species were unaffected by aspect and elevation but slope had a minor effect with D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454922/paliperidone-palmitate-once-monthly-maintains-improvement-in-functioning-domains-of-the-personal-and-social-performance-scale-compared-with-placebo-in-subjects-with-schizoaffective-disorder
#16
Dong-Jing Fu, Ibrahim Turkoz, David Walling, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, Nina R Schooler, Larry Alphs
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of paliperidone palmitate once-monthly (PP1M) injectable on the specific functioning domains of the Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale in patients with schizoaffective disorder (SCA) participating in a long-term study. METHODS: This study (NCT01193153) included both in- and outpatient subjects with SCA experiencing an acute exacerbation of psychotic and mood symptoms. Subjects were treated with PP1M either as monotherapy or in combination with antidepressants or mood stabilizers during a 25-week open-label (OL) phase...
April 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368180/predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-remediation-in-service-recipients-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, Veronica Anna Ozog, Anzalee Khan, Isidora Ljuri, Samantha Fregenti, Susan R McGurk
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive challenges are prominent features of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, impairing occupational, social, and economic functioning. These challenges are predictive of social and work outcomes. Cognitive remediation has been shown to be effective in improving both cognitive and social functions. However, cognitive remediation does not produce improvement in all participants. We investigated demographic, neurocognitive, and psychopathological predictors associated with improvement following cognitive remediation interventions in service recipients with severe mental illnesses...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284374/niche-contractions-in-declining-species-mechanisms-and-consequences
#18
REVIEW
Ben C Scheele, Claire N Foster, Sam C Banks, David B Lindenmayer
A fundamental aim of conservation biology is to understand how species respond to threatening processes, with much research effort focused on identifying threats and quantifying spatial and temporal patterns of species decline. Here, we argue that threats often reduce the realized niche breadth of declining species because environmental, biotic, and evolutionary processes reduce or amplify threats, or because a species' capacity to tolerate threats varies across niche space. Our 'niche reduction hypothesis' provides a new lens for understanding why species decline in some locations and not others...
May 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237605/a-deeper-view-of-insight-in-schizophrenia-insight-dimensions-unawareness-and-misattribution-of-particular-symptoms-and-its-relation-with-psychopathological-factors
#19
Esther Pousa, Susana Ochoa, Jesús Cobo, Lourdes Nieto, Judith Usall, Beatriz Gonzalez, Carles Garcia-Ribera, Victor Pérez Solà, Ada-I Ruiz, Iris Baños, Jesús Cobo, Carles García-Ribera, Beatriz González, Carmina Massons, Lourdes Nieto, Clara Monserrat, Susana Ochoa, Esther Pousa, Ada-Inmaculada Ruiz, Isabel Ruiz, Dolores Sanchez-Cabezudo, Judith Usall
OBJECTIVE: 1. To describe insight in a large sample of schizophrenia subjects from a multidimensional point of view, including unawareness of general insight dimensions as well as unawareness and misattribution of particular symptoms. 2. To explore the relationship between unawareness and clinical and socio-demographic variables. METHODS: 248 schizophrenia patients were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS, five factor model of Lindenmayer) and the full Scale of Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD)...
February 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121984/improving-the-design-of-a-conservation-reserve-for-a-critically-endangered-species
#20
Chris Taylor, Natasha Cadenhead, David B Lindenmayer, Brendan A Wintle
Setting aside protected areas is a key strategy for tackling biodiversity loss. Reserve effectiveness depends on the extent to which protected areas capture both known occurrences and areas likely to support the species. We assessed the effectiveness of the existing reserve network for Leadbeater's Possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri) and other forest-dependent species, and compared the existing reserve system to a set of plausible reserve expansion options based on area targets implied in a recent Population Viability Analysis (PVA)...
2017: PloS One
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