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Jeong Yeon Kang, Jieming Gao, Dae Hwan Shin, Celeste Alvarez, Weixiong Zhong, Glen S Kwon
BACKGROUND: Delivery of monomeric Amphotericin B (AmB), i.e. deaggregated AmB, has been a major tactic in the reduction of renal toxicity at a membrane level, taking advantage of the selectivity of monomeric AmB for binding ergosterol over cholesterol. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) and renal toxicity of monomeric AmB in rats following a multiple dose regimen. METHOD: AmB existed primarily in a monomeric state in poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(N-hexyl stearate L-aspartamide) (PEG-b-PHSA) micelles (mAmB) at 2:1 ratio (mol:mol), whereas AmB as its standard formulation, Fungizone(®), was highly self-aggregated based on absorption spectroscopy...
2016: Pharm Nanotechnol
Seong-Hwan Park, Mira Yu, Juil Kim, Yuseok Moon
NSAID-activated Gene 1 (NAG-1) is a prognostic indicator of chronic inflammatory diseases and aggressive tumors. Among the stress sentinels in response to infection by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) or other pathogenic E. coli, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), a representative stress-regulated transcription factor, was prominently increased and assessed for its involvement in NAG-1-mediated pathogenic cellular responses. NAG-1 expression was transcriptionally upregulated by CHOP, which promoted chemokine production through stained NF-κB activation...
October 19, 2016: Microbes and Infection
Marli Dercksen, Marinus Duran, Lodewijk IJlst, Wim Kulik, Jos P N Ruiter, Arno van Cruchten, Mendel Tuchman, Ronald J A Wanders
BACKGROUND: N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) plays a key role in the removal of ammonia via the urea cycle by catalyzing the synthesis of N-acetylglutamate (NAG), the obligatory cofactor in the carbamyl phosphate synthetase 1 reaction. Enzymatic analysis of NAGS in liver homogenates has remained insensitive and inaccurate, which prompted the development of a novel method. METHODS: UPLC-MS/MS was used in conjunction with stable isotope (N-acetylglutamic-2,3,3,4,4-d5 acid) dilution for the quantitative detection of NAG produced by the NAGS enzyme...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
D Sivaramakrishna, Musti J Swamy
N-Acyl-β-alanines (NABAs) are structural homologues of N-acylglycines (NAGs) and N-acyl-γ-aminobutyric acids (NAGABAs), and achiral isomers of N-acylalanines, which are all present in mammalian brain and other tissues and modulate activity of biological receptors with various functions. In the present study, we synthesized and characterized a homologous series of NABAs bearing saturated acyl chains (n=8-20) and investigated their supramolecular organization and thermotropic phase behavior. In differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) studies, most of the NABAs gave one or two minor transitions before the main chain-melting phase transition in the dry state as well as upon hydration with water, but gave only a single transition when hydrated with buffer (pH7...
October 19, 2016: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Anja Stajnko, Ingrid Falnoga, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Darja Mazej, Marta Jagodic, Mladen Krsnik, Alfred B Kobal, Marija Prezelj, Lijana Kononenko, Milena Horvat
BACKGROUND: Urine cadmium (Cd) and renal function biomarkers, mostly analysed in urine spot samples, are well established biomarkers of occupational exposure. Their use and associations at low environmental level are common, but have recently been questioned, particularly in terms of physiological variability and normalisation bias in the case of urine spot samples. AIM: To determine the appropriateness of spot urine and/or blood Cd exposure biomarkers and their relationships with renal function biomarkers at low levels of exposure...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Research
Claudio Bazzi, Tomoko Usui, Virginia Rizza, Daniela Casellato, Maurizio Gallieni, Masaomi Nangaku
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) varies from spontaneous remission of nephrotic syndrome (NS) to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Selecting patients with high risk of progression for immunosuppressive therapy is mandatory. METHODS: 86 IMN subjects were followed for median of 69 months (range 6-253). Receiver operating characteristic curve and Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate prognostic factors for progression, defined as ESRD or eGFR reduction ≥50% of baseline...
October 20, 2016: Nephrology
Ana Vrdoljak, Vanja Ivković, Sandra Karanović, Živka Dika, Ivana Vuković, Jelena Kos, Mario Laganović, Tajana Željković Vrkić, Margareta Fištrek Prlić, Ivan Pećin, Bojan Jelaković
OBJECTIVE: It was observed that glomerular hyperfiltration (GHF) is associated with progression of kidney disease in diabetics, patients in stage 1 hypertension (HT), and we found previously that eGFR decreased faster also in prehypertensives (PHT) with GHF. Here we analyzed whether GHF in PHT is associated with other biomarkers of early renal impairment. DESIGN AND METHOD: From 954 subjects enrolled in ENAH follow-up study, 371(137 m;mean age = 46years) were eligible for further analysis:100 with optimal,72 with normal BP,70 with PHT(high normal BP),and 129 with newly diagnosed untreated HT...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Dileep Nag Vinnakota, Krishna Chaitanya Kanneganti, Mahesh Pulagam, Gopala Krishna Keerthi
PURPOSE: To hypothesize a new theory based on soft tissue reference points on lateral profile photographs (LPPs) for determining the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO), as there is need to explore for simple strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three participants in the age range of 20-27 years who met the inclusion criteria were recruited. LPPs were taken for all participants using standard protocol and duplicate copies obtained, on which five soft tissue reference points, nasion (Stn), subnasale (Stsn), porion (Stp), gnathion (Stgn), and gonion (Stg) (Stg prenoted on the face) were marked and joined to form angles; distance between Stsn and Stgn was considered as VDO in LPP (VDO-LP)...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Shrestha Priyadarsini, Tina B McKay, Akhee Sarker-Nag, Jeremy Allegood, Charles Chalfant, Jian-Xing Ma, Dimitrios Karamichos
Prolonged hyperglycemia during diabetes mellitus can cause severe ophthalmic complications affecting both the anterior and posterior ocular segments leading to impaired vision or blindness. Diabetes-induced corneal pathologies are associated with decreased wound healing capacity, corneal edema, and altered epithelial basement membrane. The mechanism by which diabetes modulates structure and function within the corneal stroma are unknown. In our study, we characterized the effects of diabetes on extracellular matrix, lipid transport, and cellular metabolism by defining the entire metabolome and lipidome of Type 1 and Type 2 human diabetic corneal stroma...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Puebla Cassini-Vieira, Mariane Felipetto, Leandro Barbosa Prado, Thiago Verano-Braga, Silvia Passos Andrade, Robson A S Santos, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Maria Elena de Lima, Adriano M C Pimenta, Luciola Silva Barcelos
We have previously described a 25mer anti-hypertensive peptide, previously named TsHpt-I (Tityus serrulatus Hypotensin-I), now Ts14, as an agonist of B2 kinin receptor. Bradykinin is known to play physiological roles in angiogenic, inflammatory, and fibrogenic processes, mostly mediated by B2 receptor. Therefore, we investigated whether Ts14 could modulate key events (neovascularization, inflammatory cell recruitment, and extracellular matrix deposition) of the fibrovascular tissue, induced by polyether-polyurethane sponge implants in mice...
October 11, 2016: Peptides
Atul Goel, Vijay Kumar, Yasmin Hemberger, Fateh V Singh, Pankaj Nag, Michael Knauer, Ruchir Kant, Resmi Raghunandan, Prakas Ranjan Maulik, Gerhard Bringmann
Sterically hindered naphthalene-substituted biphenyls and terphenyls were synthesized in good yields, by Michael addition of a conjugate base of core-substituted phenylacetones to substituted 2-oxo-2H-pyran-3-carbonitriles at room temperature under alkaline conditions. These diversely functionalized benzenes (1,2-teraryls or 1,3-teraryls), bearing naphthyl and substituted aryl rings, show the phenomenon of atropisomerism, with one or two stereogenic biaryl axes. The resolution of the respective four atropisomers of the naphthalene-substituted biphenyls and terphenyls bearing 1,2-type or 1,3-type chiral biaryl axes was achieved by HPLC on a chiral phase...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Vijaya Lakshmi Nag, Manodeep Sen, Nihar Ranjan Dash, R Bansal, Manoj Kumar, Anand Kumar Maurya
There are few reports of "microfilaria in the urine." We report an elderly woman with gross hematuria who was being investigated for urinary tract tuberculosis. Three consecutive urine samples showed microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. However, she did not have chyluria. Treatment with diethylcarbamazine cleared up the hematuria within 3 days. Chyluria, hematuria, and hematochyluria are problems of Bancroftian filariasis reported worldwide. The literature review was made to present a simplified way for management...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
Hassan Norouzi-Arasi, Amlan K Pal, Samik Nag, Daniel Chartrand, Garry S Hanan
Facial Ru(ii)- and Re(i)-complexes of a novel face-capping tris(pyridyl)truxene ligand were synthesised and characterised by various analytical techniques including single crystal XRD. The Ru(ii) complex exhibits unusual green phosphorescence with a long excited-state lifetime.
October 6, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Min Soo Jung, Jae Yoon Kim, Hyun Seung Lee, Chul Gab Lee, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: To identify adverse renal effects due to air pollution derived from a cement plant in Korea. Urinary n-acetyl-B-glucosaminidase (U-NAG) levels in residents living near a cement plant were compared to those in a group who lived farther away from the plant. METHODS: From June to August 2013 and from August to November 2014, laboratory tests for U-NAG and heavy metal were conducted on 547 study participants. Based on the level of air pollution exposure, subjects were divided into the "less exposed group," (LEG) which consisted of 66 persons who lived more than 5 km away from the cement plant, the "more exposed group from the rural area" (MEG-R), which consisted of 272 persons, and the "more exposed group from downtown area" (MEG-D), which consisted of 209 persons who lived within a 1 km radius of the cement plant...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ki-Hyung Kim, Seong-Hwan Park, Kee Hun Do, Juil Kim, Kyung Un Choi, Yuseok Moon
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Chronic endogenous sterile pro-inflammatory responses are strongly linked to EOC progression and chemoresistance to anti-cancer therapeutics. In the present study, the activity of epithelial NF-κB, a key pro-inflammatory transcription factor, was enhanced with the progress of EOC. This result was mechanistically linked with an increased expression of NSAID-Activated Gene 1 (NAG-1) in MyD88-positive type I EOC stem-like cells, compared with that in MyD88-negative type II EOC cells...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Ana-Paula-Rodrigues Magalhães, Francine-Couto-Lima Moreira, Denise-Ramos-Silveira Alves, Cyntia-Rodrigues-Araújo Estrela, Carlos Estrela, Marcus-Santos Carrião, Andris-Figueiroa Bakuzis, Lawrence-Gonzaga Lopes
BACKGROUND: Silver has a long history of use in medicine as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent. Silver nanoparticles (NAg) offer the possibility to control the formation oral biofilms through the use of nanoparticles with biocidal, anti-adhesive, and delivery abilities. This study aims to evaluate the antibacterial effect of resin luting cements with and without NAg, and their influence on color, sorption and solubility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: NAg were incorporated to two dual-cured resin cements (RelyX ARC (RA) color A1 and RelyX U200 (RU) color A2) in two concentrations (0...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Suryanarayan Biswal, Debashree Das, Kalpana Barhwal, Ashish Kumar, Tapas Chandra Nag, Mahendra Kumar Thakur, Sunil Kumar Hota, Bhuvnesh Kumar
Exposure to global hypoxia and ischemia has been reported to cause neurodegeneration in the hippocampus with CA3 neurons. This neuronal damage is progressive during the initial phase of exposure but maintains a plateau on prolonged exposure. The present study on Sprague Dawley rats aimed at understanding the underlying molecular and epigenetic mechanisms that lead to hypoxic adaptation of CA3 neurons on prolonged exposure to a global hypoxia. Our results show stagnancy in neurodegeneration in CA3 region beyond 14 days of chronic exposure to hypobaria simulating an altitude of 25,000 ft...
October 3, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Milagro Fernández-Delgado, Jackeline Cortez, Guiden Sulbarán, César Matos, Renzo Nino Incani, Diana E Ballén, Italo M Cesari
Schistosoma mansoni enzymes play important roles in host-parasite interactions and are potential targets for immunological and/or pharmacological attack. The aim of this study was to comparatively assess the presence of hydrolytic activities (phosphatases, glycosidases, aminopeptidases) in soluble (SF) and membrane (MF) fractions from different S. mansoni developmental stages (schistosomula 0 and 3h, juveniles, and adult worms of 28 and 45days-old, respectively), by using simple enzyme-substrate microassays...
September 28, 2016: Parasitology International
Somnath Mazumder, Rudranil De, Souvik Sarkar, Asim Azhar Siddiqui, Shubhra Jyoti Saha, Chinmoy Banerjee, Mohd Shameel Iqbal, Shiladitya Nag, Subhashis Debsharma, Uday Bandyopadhyay
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat multiple inflammatory diseases and pain but severe gastric mucosal damage is the worst outcome of NSAID-therapy. Here we report that mitoTEMPO, a mitochondrially targeted superoxide (O2(-)) scavenger protected as well as healed gastric injury induced by diclofenac (DCF), the most commonly used NSAID. Common existing therapy against gastric injury involves suppression of gastric acid secretion by proton pump inhibitors and histamine H2 receptor antagonists; however, dyspepsia, vitamin B12 deficiency and gastric microfloral dysbalance are the major drawbacks of acid suppression...
September 28, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Elzbieta Zieminska, Jacek Lenart, Jerzy W Lazarewicz
A presynaptic protein SNAP-25 belonging to SNARE complex which is instrumental in intracellular vesicular trafficking and exocytosis, has been implicated in hyperactivity and cognitive abilities in some neuropsychiatric disorders. The unclear etiology of the behavior disrupting neurodevelopmental disabilities in addition to genetic causes most likely involves environmental factors. The aim of this in vitro study was to test if various suspected developmental neurotoxins can alter SNAP-25 mRNA and protein expression in neurons...
September 28, 2016: Toxicology
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