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Phimosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131917/a-pediatrician-s-take-on-a-few-common-infant-urologic-and-gynecologic-issues
#1
Sabrina Fernandez
Urologic and gynecologic issues are common in a pediatric primary care office. This article focuses on the evaluation and management of a few common diagnoses in infants and young children: fetal hydronephrosis, labial adhesions, physiologic phimosis, and hydrocele. This article can help pediatricians decide when these common issues can be managed in the primary care office and when they need subspecialty guidance. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(11):e397-e399.].
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090019/molecular-characterization-and-evaluation-of-complex-rearrangements-in-a-case-of-ring-chromosome-15
#2
Stuti Tewari, Naznin Lubna, Raju Shah, Ahmed B H Al-Rikabi, Krati Shah, Jayesh Sheth, Frenny Sheth
BACKGROUND: Ring chromosome 15 is a rare genetic entity. Only a few cases have been reported with characterization using molecular techniques. The clinical presentation is quite variable, as a result of differences in the breakpoints, haploinsufficiency of genes involved in deleted segment/s, level of mosaicism and ring instability resulting in a variability of rearrangement of genetic material. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband, a 2 months old boy, presented with small head size and facial dysmorphism...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080015/expression-of-xenobiotic-biomarkers-cyp1-family-in-preputial-tissue-of-patients-with-hypospadias-and-phimosis-and-its-association-with-dna-methylation-level-of-srd5a2-minimal-promoter
#3
Seiichiroh Ohsako, Toshiki Aiba, Mami Miyado, Maki Fukami, Tsutomu Ogata, Yutaro Hayashi, Kentaro Mizuno, Yoshiyuki Kojima
Several epidemiological studies have suggested that the incidence of male reproductive organ malformations, including hypospadias or cryptorchidism, has increased due to fetal-stage exposure to environmental pollutants. However, the association of chemical exposure with the expression of target regulatory genes in the tissues of patients has not yet been reported. Because experimental approaches or clinical trials in human studies are limited, especially those using fetal and/or infants, it is difficult to obtain clear physiological evidence of mechanisms underlying male reproductive malformations...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044059/pathology-and-immunohistochemistry-of-capsular-bag-in-spontaneously-late-dislocated-capsular-bag-intraocular-lens-complex
#4
Harsha Bhattacharjee, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Dipankar Das, Manpreet Singh, Piruthivi Sukumar, Diva Kant Misra
PURPOSE: Our study aims to evaluate the morphology, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry of the spontaneously late dislocated capsular bag-intraocular lens (CB-IOL) complex. Various etiologies and possible pathogenesis of the event are also discussed. METHODS: This was a tertiary-care setting and retrospective observational case series. The surgically explanted intact specimens of spontaneously late dislocated CB-IOL complex were studied. The demographics, duration of pseudophakia, IOL design/material, and specimen measurements were noted...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019581/observation-time-and-spontaneous-resolution-of-primary-phimosis-in-children
#5
Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção, Dênis Silva Queiroz, Wilson Elias de-Oliveira, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Rozemeire Garcia Marques, Débora Rodrigues Jozala, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan
OBJECTIVE: to investigate spontaneous resolution rate of a series of patients with physiologic phimosis in relation to observation time and presence of symptoms. METHODS: retrospective and longitudinal follow-up study of patients with physiologic phimosis, that did not apply topic treatment. These patients were invited for a new visit for reevaluation, or recent data were obtained by chart analysis. Spontaneous resolution rate was determined and statistically compared to age, presence of symptoms at first medical visit and time until reevaluation...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992802/preputial-diverticulum-dilation-in-a-goettingen-minipig
#6
Nora Denk, Claudia Senn, Bjoern Jacobsen, Tobias Schnitzer
Preputial dilation is an infrequently reported condition in pigs. The pathophysiology and etiology is unclear. Causes for diverticulum dilation are proposed to be chronic preputial diverticulitis with subsequent fibrosis of the preputial cavity, phimosis of the preputial orifice or the preputial diverticulum, but the large majority of cases are reportedly idiopathic in nature. Surgical interventions include ablative procedures, but many cases are not treated because of an assumed lack of clinical relevance in pigs not used for breeding...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856426/genital-lichen-sclerosus-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-retrospective-case-series-of-15-patients-early-diagnosis-is-crucial-to-avoid-long-term-sequelae
#7
Ioannis Nerantzoulis, Themistoklis Grigoriadis, Lina Michala
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic skin disease, mainly localised at the introitus and perineum. When the condition remains untreated, gradual atrophy of skin structures leads to permanent scarring, making early diagnosis and treatment crucial. We reviewed all patients diagnosed with lichen sclerosus presenting to a tertiary referral centre for paediatric and adolescent gynaecology between January 2011 and December 2015 to assess disease presentation and response to treatment. We identified 15 cases, with a mean age at diagnosis of 8...
October 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853107/a-comparative-study-on-the-clinical-efficacy-of-two-different-disposable-circumcision-suture-devices-in-adult-males
#8
Junwen Shen, Jihan Shi, Jianguo Gao, Ning Wang, Jianer Tang, Bin Yu, Weigao Wang, Rongjiang Wang
PURPOSE: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of two different kinds of disposable circumcision suture devices in adult men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male patients (n = 179; mean age: 23.7 years) with redundant prepuce and/or phimosis were included in a clinical trial from July 2015 to August 2016. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group A using the Langhe disposable circumcision suture device (n = 89), and group B using the Daming disposable circumcision suture device (n = 94)...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814824/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-pseudoex-foliation-syndrome-current-updates
#9
REVIEW
Luigi Fontana, Marco Coassin, Alfonso Iovieno, Antonio Moramarco, Luca Cimino
Pseudoexfoliation is a ubiquitous syndrome of multifactorial origin affecting elderly people by increasing the risk of cataract and secondary glaucoma development. Despite modern techniques and technologies for cataract surgery, pseudoexfoliation syndrome represents a challenge for surgeons because of the increased weakness of the zonular apparatus and limited pupil dilation. Due to the inherent difficulties during surgery, the risk of vitreous loss in these patients is several times higher than in cataract patients without pseudoexfoliation...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765591/hpv-prevalence-in-the-foreskins-of-asymptomatic-healthy-infants-and-children-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Bora Lee, Sang Wook Lee, Dae In Kim, Jae Heon Kim
The true HPV prevalence in the foreskins of infants and children has been little documented, but reporting on this prevalence is of great importance given its impact on the rationale for treating asymptomatic boys. We searched multiple databases from 1960 to 2016 for observational or prospective studies that reported on HPV prevalence in foreskins. We conducted a meta-analysis using a random-effects model to pool for HPV prevalence in the foreskins of infants and children. Eight studies, with a total of 556 infants and children with phimosis, were eligible for the meta-analysis...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753818/phimosis-in-a-10-yr-old-boy-without-urinary-infection-how-to-inform-parents-against-circumcision
#11
Anne-Karoline Ebert, Maximilian Stehr
In a 10-yr-old boy with no abnormalities or symptoms other than nonretractability of the foreskin, the foreskin should be preserved. If treatment is needed, local corticoid application should be used as first-line therapy, as it gives excellent results in up to 90% of cases, before removing this sensitive part of the body.
June 20, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753815/phimosis-in-a-10-yr-old-boy-without-urinary-infection-how-to-inform-parents-for-circumcision
#12
Marco Castagnetti, Ciro Esposito
Circumcision can be a viable option for phimosis in a 10-yr-old boy, also if asymptomatic, in the presence of skin alterations or if the parents prefer avoid observation. Morbidity is minimal if the procedure is performed in a hospital setting.
June 24, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679189/pharmacological-dynamic-rehabilitative-behavioural-therapy-for-premature-ejaculation-results-of-a-pilot-study
#13
Franco Mantovani
OBJECTIVES: Premature ejaculation (PE) is a sexual disorder characterised by excessive rapidity of orgasm. It is defined as either primary (60%), present since the onset of sexual activity, or secondary (40%), manifesting later in life. To date, dapoxetine is the only preparation approved for the on-demand treatment of PE. However, side effects, costs associated with the treatment of chronic PE, drug dependence and its variable effectiveness leads to a not insignificant drop-out rate...
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672929/evaluation-of-clinical-curative-effects-of-disposable-stitching-instrument-in-redundant-prepuce-patients
#14
Haitao Wang, Ningjie Chen, Ran Huo, Jincun Yang, Xia Li, Nan Xing
The present study aimed to investigate the clinical curative effect of disposable stitching instrument operation in patients with redundant prepuce or phimosis. A total of 102 cases of patients with circumcision were randomly selected (from June 2013 to December 2014) from the department of plastic and aesthetic surgery of our hospital and were randomly divided into control and observation groups (n=51). Patients in the control group were treated by traditional circumcision operation, while patients in the observation group were treated by novel disposable circumcision stitching instrument...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661705/lichen-sclerosus-in-women-a-review
#15
F R Pérez-López, P Vieira-Baptista
Female lichen sclerosus is a chronic inflammatory dermatitis, with a predilection for the anogenital area, which in some cases can become seriously distorted (atrophy of the labia minora, phimosis, introital stenosis, etc.). Most cases are diagnosed in postmenopausal women, but it can affect women of any age. Lichen sclerosus is usually a pruriginous condition, although it can also be asymptomatic. It is associated with an increased risk of vulvar cancer, even though it is not a premalignant condition itself...
August 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573412/-topical-corticosteroids-for-treating-phimosis-in-boys
#16
REVIEW
F Zengerling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567234/penile-inflammatory-skin-disorders-and-the-preventive-role-of-circumcision
#17
REVIEW
Brian J Morris, John N Krieger
Penile inflammatory skin conditions such as balanitis and posthitis are common, especially in uncircumcised males, and feature prominently in medical consultations. We conducted a systematic review of the medical literature on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cohrane databases using keywords "balanitis," "posthitis," "balanoposthitis," "lichen sclerosus," "penile inflammation," and "inflammation penis," along with "circumcision," "circumcised," and "uncircumcised." Balanitis is the most common inflammatory disease of the penis...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522221/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-different-circumcisions-for-patients-with-redundant-prepuce-or-phimosis-a-network-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Chuiguo Huang, Pan Song, Changbao Xu, Ruofan Wang, Lei Wei, Xinghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Phimosis and redundant prepuce are defined as the inability of the foreskin to be retracted behind the glans penis in uncircumcised males. To synthesize the evidence and provide the hierarchies of different circumcisions for phimosis and redundant prepuce, we performed an overall network meta-analysis (NMA) based on their comparative efficacy and safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Wan Fang, VIP, CNKI and CBM database were researched from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for redundant prepuce or phimosis...
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509132/transient-fanconi-syndrome-in-two-preterm-infants-with-hydronephrosis-and-urinary-tract-infection
#19
Takahiro Tominaga, Takeshi Sato, Yosuke Ichihashi, Naoko Amano, Yasuaki Kobayashi, Midori Awazu
Type IV renal tubular acidosis is known to occur in obstructive uropathy with urinary tract infection. Fanconi syndrome, however, has not been described in these settings. We report two preterm infants who developed Fanconi syndrome associated with hydronephrosis and urinary tract infection. Patient 1 is a boy with 21 trisomy, bilateral renal hypoplasia and bilateral vesicoureteral reflux delivered at 35 weeks' gestation. At postnatal day 42, he developed Fanconi syndrome after urinary tract infection, which persisted until the surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418348/para-phimosis-leading-to-glans-gangrene-a-devastating-preventable-complication
#20
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Durgesh Kumar Saini, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
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