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Mette Louise Andersen, Christina Anne Vinter, Annemette Wildfang Lykkebo
Clitoral phimosis or preputial fusion may occur as a result of atrophic vaginitis among other conditions. A 72-year-old woman presented with atrophic vaginitis, preputial fusion, and a painful periclitorial pseudocyst. We suggest that a minimal surgery approach in a manual retraction of the synarchies without making an incision is a gentle and effective surgical management of preputial fusion. Suturing the ends from each other combined with continuous topical prophylaxis will minimise the risk of recurrence of pseudo-cyst and prevent worsening scar tissue formation...
March 5, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Uwe Wollina, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Alberto Goldman, Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Zoon's balanitis is a benign disease characterized by an asymptomatic, chronic, solitary, shiny, red-orange plaque of the glans and/ or prepuce. In rare cases of Zoon's disease, penile squamous cell carcinoma developed in the chronic inflammatory lesions. CASE REPORT: We report on a 68-year-old male patient presenting with phimosis and coexistent Zoon's disease and penile carcinoma in situ treated successfully by circumcision. CONCLUSION: Coexistence of both lesions in contrast to the development of cancerous lesions within pre-existent Zoon's disease is a very rare observation...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sjaak Pouwels, Darryl M Coll, Alexander G J van Marle
A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for a penile circumcision due to phimosis using continuous dose spinal anaesthesia. On postoperative day 10 he came to the emergency department with a superficial abscess localised at the injection site of the spinal catheter. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics for 10 days, and the superficial abscess was incised and drained. Ten days later, the patient was readmitted to the emergency department with complaints of back pain and fever. A repeat MRI scan of his lumbar sacral area was done and showed epidural abscesses without any compression of the medulla or the myelum...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Giuseppe La Pera, Francesco De Luca, Attilio Guerani, Alessandro Palmieri, Giorgio Franco
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of andrological abnormalities, such as phimosis and foreskin sliding abnormalities among male adolescents, and if these might interfere with sexuality, leading to a later onset of sexual experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between April and May 2015 a prevention campaign in andrology was conducted in an area surrounding Rome, Ostia and the Ladispoli area, among 15-19 year-old students...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
C Colberg, C van der Horst, K-P Jünemann, C M Naumann
BACKGROUND: Penile cancer represents a rarity in daily clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to identify global differences concerning the incidence, social and risk factors. METHODS: The past and current epidemiologic literature is analyzed concerning incidence rates and risk factors. The latter are discussed concerning their potential with regard to disease prevention. RESULTS: Globally, incidence rates of penile cancer range from low to nonexistent...
February 21, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Semiu E Folaranmi, Harriet J Corbett, Paul D Losty
PURPOSE: To determine whether treatment of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LS), with topical steroids reduces the rate of circumcision. METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a literature search of studies reporting treatment of LS with topical steroids using EMBASE and MEDLINE database(s). INCLUSION CRITERIA: boys aged 0-18 years, clinical diagnosis of LS, treatment with topical steroids. Literature reviews, studies of phimosis without LS and adult patients were excluded...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Porfírio Fernandes de Medeiros Júnior, Eugênio Henrique Vilela Silva, Kelvin Leite Moura, Yasmin Fernandes de Aquino, Mathias Weller
Background: Previous Brazilian studies have indicated that working in agriculture could lead to an increased risk of penile cancer. The present descriptive study aimed at establishing a possible association between penile cancer and agricultural occupation. Materials and methods: Data on a total of 103 penile cancer patients were obtained from medical records of two reference centres for cancer treatment in the state of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil. Information about sexual behaviour was obtained in interviews for 48 cases...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Shuguang Wen, Wenbiao Ren, Bichen Xue, Yi Fan, Yongjun Jiang, Chunming Zeng, Yujia Li, Xiongbing Zu
PURPOSE: To examine the possible prognostic factors in patients with penile cancer after surgical management and to identify the independent predictive factors of the prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 135 patients with penile cancer who underwent surgical management in two medical centers were collected. Follow-up data were available for 103 patients. Possible prognostic factors including patient's age; smoking or not; course of disease; phimosis or not; type of surgery; tumor stage; nodal stage; tumor grade and pathological lymph nodes metastasis were retrospectively analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses with Cox regression...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Jonathan S O'Brien, Todd Manning, Marlon Perera, H Miles Prince, Nathan Lawrentschuk
A 64-year-old man presented with a 2 week history of progressive phimosis and painful ulcer on his penile meatus. He underwent penile preserving excision, and subsequent pathological examination confirmed T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with immunohistochemical features of large cell transformation of mycosis fungoides. The penis was further treated with local external beam radiotherapy consisting of 27 Gy in 15 fractions and systemic mini-CHOP chemotherapy. An organ-preserving tissue response has since been achieved...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Hoon Dong Kim, Jae Min Kim, Jong Jin Jung
BACKGROUND: Capsular contraction syndrome (CCS) has been reported as an uncommon complication after an cataract extraction surgery with intact anterior capsulorhexis. This report is written to present a case of complete occlusion of the anterior capsulorhexis opening after an uneventful cataract surgery, which was treated with non-invasive treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old woman complained of decreased visual acuity in her right eye, which had started 2 months ago...
December 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Antoin Douglawi, Timothy A Masterson
Penile cancer is a rare neoplasm representing less than 1% of all malignancies in the USA and Europe but is a significant public health hazard in the developing world. Male neonatal circumcision has been associated with a dramatic decrease in penile cancer rates with countries such as Israel, where circumcision is widely performed, having the lowest incidence in the world at <0.1% of malignancies. Many risk factors have been identified for penile cancer including phimosis, lack of circumcision, obesity, lichen sclerosis, chronic inflammation, smoking, UVA phototherapy, socioeconomic status, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and immune compromised states...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Mursel Ekinci, Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Erkan Cem Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici, Akgun Oral, Saban Oguz Demirdogen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of ultrasound guided sacral hiatus injection and conventional sacral canal injection performed for caudal block in children. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Operating rooms of university hospital of Erzurum, Turkey. PATIENTS: One hundred-thirty four children, American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, between the ages of 5 and 12, scheduled for elective phimosis and circumcision surgery...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Sabrina Fernandez
Urologic and gynecologic issues are common in a pediatric primary care office. This article focuses on the evaluation and management of a few common diagnoses in infants and young children: fetal hydronephrosis, labial adhesions, physiologic phimosis, and hydrocele. This article can help pediatricians decide when these common issues can be managed in the primary care office and when they need subspecialty guidance. [Pediatr Ann. 2017;46(11):e397-e399.].
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Stuti Tewari, Naznin Lubna, Raju Shah, Ahmed B H Al-Rikabi, Krati Shah, Jayesh Sheth, Frenny Sheth
BACKGROUND: Ring chromosome 15 is a rare genetic entity. Only a few cases have been reported with characterization using molecular techniques. The clinical presentation is quite variable, as a result of differences in the breakpoints, haploinsufficiency of genes involved in deleted segment/s, level of mosaicism and ring instability resulting in a variability of rearrangement of genetic material. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband, a 2 months old boy, presented with small head size and facial dysmorphism...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
Seiichiroh Ohsako, Toshiki Aiba, Mami Miyado, Maki Fukami, Tsutomu Ogata, Yutaro Hayashi, Kentaro Mizuno, Yoshiyuki Kojima
Several epidemiological studies have suggested that the incidence of male reproductive organ malformations, including hypospadias or cryptorchidism, has increased due to fetal-stage exposure to environmental pollutants. However, the association of chemical exposure with the expression of target regulatory genes in the tissues of patients has not yet been reported. Because experimental approaches or clinical trials in human studies are limited, especially those using fetal and/or infants, it is difficult to obtain clear physiological evidence of mechanisms underlying male reproductive malformations...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Harsha Bhattacharjee, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Dipankar Das, Manpreet Singh, Piruthivi Sukumar, Diva Kant Misra
PURPOSE: Our study aims to evaluate the morphology, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry of the spontaneously late dislocated capsular bag-intraocular lens (CB-IOL) complex. Various etiologies and possible pathogenesis of the event are also discussed. METHODS: This was a tertiary-care setting and retrospective observational case series. The surgically explanted intact specimens of spontaneously late dislocated CB-IOL complex were studied. The demographics, duration of pseudophakia, IOL design/material, and specimen measurements were noted...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção, Dênis Silva Queiroz, Wilson Elias de-Oliveira, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Rozemeire Garcia Marques, Débora Rodrigues Jozala, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan
OBJECTIVE: to investigate spontaneous resolution rate of a series of patients with physiologic phimosis in relation to observation time and presence of symptoms. METHODS: retrospective and longitudinal follow-up study of patients with physiologic phimosis, that did not apply topic treatment. These patients were invited for a new visit for reevaluation, or recent data were obtained by chart analysis. Spontaneous resolution rate was determined and statistically compared to age, presence of symptoms at first medical visit and time until reevaluation...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Nora Denk, Claudia Senn, Bjoern Jacobsen, Tobias Schnitzer
Preputial dilation is an infrequently reported condition in pigs. The pathophysiology and etiology is unclear. Causes for diverticulum dilation are proposed to be chronic preputial diverticulitis with subsequent fibrosis of the preputial cavity, phimosis of the preputial orifice or the preputial diverticulum, but the large majority of cases are reportedly idiopathic in nature. Surgical interventions include ablative procedures, but many cases are not treated because of an assumed lack of clinical relevance in pigs not used for breeding...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
Ioannis Nerantzoulis, Themistoklis Grigoriadis, Lina Michala
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic skin disease, mainly localised at the introitus and perineum. When the condition remains untreated, gradual atrophy of skin structures leads to permanent scarring, making early diagnosis and treatment crucial. We reviewed all patients diagnosed with lichen sclerosus presenting to a tertiary referral centre for paediatric and adolescent gynaecology between January 2011 and December 2015 to assess disease presentation and response to treatment. We identified 15 cases, with a mean age at diagnosis of 8...
October 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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