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History of geriatrics Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753962/os-10-01-prevalence-of-carotid-plaque-and-role-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-very-elderly-population-are-atherosclerosis-and-aging-synonyms
#1
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Silvia Buscarini, Piero Giordano, Maddalena Ricci, Emma Espinosa, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVE: Age is considered one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease and aging seems to play a central role in the onset and progression of atherosclerosis. AIM: to compare the prevalence of carotid plaque in a very elderly population without history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with the prevalence in a population of hypertensive adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 179 patients: 69 hospitalized very elderly (mean age: 88...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643359/os-10-01-prevalence-of-carotid-plaque-and-role-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-very-elderly-population-are-atherosclerosis-and-aging-synonyms
#2
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Silvia Buscarini, Piero Giordano, Maddalena Ricci, Emma Espinosa, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVE: Age is considered one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease and aging seems to play a central role in the onset and progression of atherosclerosis. AIM: to compare the prevalence of carotid plaque in a very elderly population without history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with the prevalence in a population of hypertensive adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 179 patients: 69 hospitalized very elderly (mean age: 88...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633582/association-of-cognition-with-functional-trajectories-in-patients-admitted-to-geriatric-wards-a-retrospective-observational-study
#3
Peter Hartley, Kerry Alexander, Jennifer Adamson, Carol Cunningham, Georgina Embleton, Roman Romero-Ortuno
AIM: Impaired cognition is common among older patients admitted to acute hospitals, but its association with functional trajectories has not been well studied. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in an English tertiary university hospital. We analyzed all first episodes of county residents aged ≥75 years admitted to the Department of Medicine for the Elderly wards between December 2014 and May 2015. A history of dementia or a cognitive concern in the absence of a known diagnosis of dementia were recorded on admission...
September 16, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501856/can-we-improve-the-therapy-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-elderly-patients
#4
Katarina Bielakova, Emmanuela Fernandova, Hana Matejovska-Kubesova, Pavel Weber, Dana Prudius, Josef Bednar
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is becoming a serious problem predominantly in geriatric patients, who are a significant risk group. The goal of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for mortality in CDI patients and to construct a binary logistic regression model that describes the probability of mortality in geriatric patients suffering from CDI. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated a group of 235 patients over 65 years of age with confirmed diagnoses of CDI, hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and General Practice, Brno, from January 2008 to December 2013...
August 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501488/the-aging-population-demographics-and-the-biology-of-aging
#5
REVIEW
Eleni Kanasi, Srinivas Ayilavarapu, Judith Jones
Epidemiologic studies show that 11% of the world's population is over 60 years of age; this is projected to increase, by 2050, to 22% of the population. Oral aging is a current focus of several organizations including the Federation Dentaire Internationale, the World Health Organization and the American and Japanese Dental Associations. In their Tokyo Declaration, the Japanese Association identified the elderly population as one of its main target groups. One of the WHO goals is for each person to retain more than 20 teeth by age 80, despite the fact that the prevalence of periodontal disease is continuously rising as the population is aging...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499322/less-invasive-surgery-using-external-fixator-for-the-treatment-of-subtrochanteric-femur-fracture-in-a-high-risk-geriatric-patient
#6
O Şahap Atik, Fatih I Can, M Selçuk Şenol, Toygun K Eren
A 90-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic complaining of pain in her left hip which occurred due to fall from a chair. Her medical history included memory loss and mental changes associated with Alzheimer's disease and depression. Patient's cooperation and orientation were weak. Range of motion of the left hip was restricted and painful. Radiographs of the left hip demonstrated subtrochanteric comminuted fracture of femur. Laboratory tests revealed anemia and liver insufficiency. Departments of internal medicine and anesthesiology reported high risk for surgery...
August 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968937/a-40-year-history-of-end-of-life-offerings-in-us-medical-schools-1975-2015
#7
George E Dickinson
The purpose of this longitudinal study of US medical schools over a 40-year period was to ascertain their offerings on end-of-life (EOL) issues. At 5-year intervals, beginning in 1975, US medical schools were surveyed via a questionnaire to determine their EOL offerings. Data were reported with frequency distributions. The Institute of Medicine has encouraged more emphasis on EOL issues over the past 2 decades. Findings revealed that undergraduate medical students in the United States are now exposed to death and dying, palliative care, and geriatric medicine...
March 10, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788044/is-frailty-associated-with-short-term-outcomes-for-elderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Lin Kang, Shu-Yang Zhang, Wen-Ling Zhu, Hai-Yu Pang, Li Zhang, Ming-Lei Zhu, Xiao-Hong Liu, Yong-Tai Liu
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a new prognostic factor in cardiovascular medicine due to the aging and increasingly complex nature of elderly patients. It is useful and meaningful to prospectively analyze the manner in which frailty predicts short-term outcomes for elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 65 years, with diagnosis of ACS from cardiology department and geriatrics department were included from single-center. Clinical data including geriatrics syndromes were collected using Comprehensive Geriatrics Assessment...
November 2015: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777483/-hospitalisation-as-a-risk-for-functional-decline-in-older-adults
#9
María Pilar Córcoles-Jiménez, María Victoria Ruiz-García, María Dolores Saiz-Vinuesa, Elena Muñoz-Mansilla, Lucía Herreros-Sáez, Pedro Fernández-Pallarés, Francisca Calero-Yáñez, María Teresa Muñoz-Serrano
UNLABELLED: FUNCTIONAL DECLINE: (FD) is a risk associated with hospital admission in older people, due to its high prevalence (35-70%) and its serious consequences. AIM: To determine the incidence of FD in the elderly after hospital admission at the Geriatric and Internal Medicine wards of a tertiary teaching hospital (Albacete, Spain). METHOD: A cohort study has been designed, whose primary focus was FD, defined as the loss of independence to perform the activities of daily living between preadmission status and discharge...
March 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460275/relationship-among-health-related-quality-of-life-depression-and-awareness-of-home-care-services-in-elderly-patients
#10
Ülkü Polat, Burcu Bayrak Kahraman, İlknur Kaynak, Ümit Görgülü
AIMS: The present descriptive study was carried out to determine the relationship between health-related quality of life, depression and awareness of home care services among elderly patients. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years or older staying at the surgery and internal medicine clinics were included in the study. The "Patient Introduction Form," "Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire" and "Geriatric Depression Scale" were utilized in the collection of data...
November 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26137644/-medicine-for-the-elderly-or-science-of-old-age-max-b%C3%A3-rger-s-contribution-to-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology
#11
Sandra Blumenthal, Florian Bruns
The fact that, due to demographic changes, gerontology and geriatrics are gaining ever more importance gives rise to more questions regarding the history of the science of aging. Based on unpublished sources and relevant publications by Max Bürger, the doyen of gerontological research in Germany, our contributions trace the beginnings of age research in Germany. Our results confirm Bürger as the dominant expert in this field in the first decades of its emergence. Bürger was primarily interested in basic medical-scientific research, and less in clinical geriatrics...
2015: Medizin, Gesellschaft, und Geschichte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26029477/patient-reported-geriatric-symptoms-as-risk-factors-for-hospitalization-and-emergency-department-visits
#12
Anupam Chandra, Sarah J Crane, Ericka E Tung, Gregory J Hanson, Frederick North, Stephen S Cha, Paul Y Takahashi
There is an urgent need to identify predictors of adverse outcomes and increased health care utilization in the elderly. The Mayo Ambulatory Geriatric Evaluation (MAGE) is a symptom questionnaire that was completed by patients aged 65 years and older during office visits to Primary Care Internal Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. It was introduced to improve screening for geriatric conditions. We conducted this study to explore the relationship between self-reported geriatric symptoms and hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits within 1 year of completing the survey...
June 2015: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25606732/-anti-aging-medicine-notes-on-a-socio-technical-controversy
#13
Antônio Nogueira Leitão, Rosa Maria Leite Ribeiro Pedro
After some decades of struggle, geriatrics and gerontology have become the legitimate sciences of aging. Today, their status is being questioned. In its short history, anti-aging medicine has taken root as a medical practice that questions how to address biological aging. In so doing, all medicine is questioned. Here, we explore in particular how this controversy is structured around the founding principles of the sciences of aging. Is there any basis for these questionings? How have they been treated by those who have received them? Taking a socio-technical viewpoint, it is worth considering that for geriatricians and gerontologists, the need to criticize anti-aging medicine also raises some important reflections about how the sciences of aging address their subject...
October 2014: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25597764/survey-on-the-use-of-health-consultation-services-provided-in-a-japanese-urban-public-housing-area-with-a-high-elderly-population
#14
Sakiko Fukui, Chizuru Otoguro, Takako Ishikawa, Junko Fujita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine how the elderly in an urban public housing area intends to utilize health consultation services. METHODS: In December 2011, a cross-sectional posting survey was carried out on 2000 randomly selected elderly residents in an urban public housing area in Japan. The survey included information on the intention of use of health consultation services provided in the community, demographic background, living situation, medical and social care situation, and the concerns and desires about the services...
January 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25541947/occupational-screening-for-tuberculosis-and-the-use-of-a-borderline-zone-for-interpretation-of-the-igra-in-german-healthcare-workers
#15
Anja Schablon, Albert Nienhaus, Felix C Ringshausen, Alexandra M Preisser, Claudia Peters
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare workers (HCWs) in low incidence countries with contact to patients with tuberculosis (TB) are considered a high-risk group for latent TB infection (LTBI) and therefore are routinely screened for LTBI. The German Occupational TB Network data is analyzed in order to estimate the prevalence and incidence of LTBI and to evaluate putative risk factors for a positive IGRA and the performance of IGRA in serial testing. METHODS: 3,823 HCWs were screened with the Quantiferon Gold in Tube (QFT) at least once; a second QFT was performed on 817 HCWs either in the course of contact tracing or serial examination...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25532778/geriatrics-education-is-associated-with-positive-attitudes-toward-older-people-in-internal-medicine-residents-a-multicenter-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Fatih Tufan, Mehmet Yuruyen, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Timur Akpinar, Sirhan Emiksiye, Yusuf Yesil, Zeynel Abidin Ozturk, Utku Burak Bozbulut, Basak Bolayir, Pinar Tosun Tasar, Hakan Yavuzer, Sevnaz Sahin, Zekeriya Ulger, Gulistan Bahat Ozturk, Meltem Halil, Fehmi Akcicek, Alper Doventas, Yalcin Kepekci, Nurhan Ince, Mehmet Akif Karan
OBJECTIVE: The number of older people is growing fast in Turkey. In this context, internal medicine residents and specialists contact older people more frequently. Thus, healthcare providers' knowledge and attitudes toward older people is becoming more important. Studies that specifically investigate internal medicine residents' attitudes toward the elderly are scarce. We aimed to investigate the attitudes of internal medicine residents toward older people. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study was undertaken in the internal medicine clinics of six university state hospitals that provide education in geriatric care...
March 2015: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25438479/-geriatrics-from-the-19th-to-the-21st-century-150-years-of-geriatric-medicine-from-increasing-life-expectancy-to-improving-quality-of-life-for-the-very-old
#17
Federspiel C, Keipes M
With the world further aging, geriatric medicine clearly became a necessity: in the 21th century many more people reach older ages by means of continued medical success in expanding lifespan. 150 years ago life expectancy was between 30 to 40 years, but today close to 800 million people are 60 yeas old or more. During the last century aging has been associated with decline and decay, but gradually more people lived ably and healthily in older ages. The expansion in life expectancy has become a synchronism of quality of life: the average 65 year old today is much healthier, physically and mentally fitter, than the average 50 year old 150 years ago, when Alois Alzheimer war born, a period when most nowadays existing geriatric institutions were envisioned and progressively realized over time...
2014: Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Médicales du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25388446/-anti-aging-medicine-notes-on-a-socio-technical-controversy
#18
Antônio Nogueira Leitão, Rosa Maria Leite Ribeiro Pedro
After some decades of struggle, geriatrics and gerontology have become the legitimate sciences of aging. Today, their status is being questioned. In its short history, anti-aging medicine has taken root as a medical practice that questions how to address biological aging. In so doing, all medicine is questioned. Here, we explore in particular how this controversy is structured around the founding principles of the sciences of aging. Is there any basis for these questionings? How have they been treated by those who have received them? Taking a socio-technical viewpoint, it is worth considering that for geriatricians and gerontologists, the need to criticize anti-aging medicine also raises some important reflections about how the sciences of aging address their subject...
November 4, 2014: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334121/anterior-chest-pain-and-different-syndromes-in-elderly-clinical-correlations
#19
Dragos Munteanu, Rodica Ghiuru, Paloma Manea, Cringuta Paraschiv, Paraschiva Postolache, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu
CAD/Coronary Syndromes PostersSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: The anterior chest pain is one of the most frequent symptoms in the elderly, because of the multiple and various diseases at this age. We aimed to describe the experience of a Geriatrics-Gerontology Clinic regarding the characteristics and special features of chest pain in the elderly.METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 230 patients with anterior chest pain, admitted in the Vth Internal Medicine and Geriatrics-Gerontology Clinic Iasy between June 2011 and June 2013...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25306651/-thermodynamics-of-the-origin-of-life-evolution-and-aging
#20
REVIEW
G P Gladyshev
Briefly discusses the history of the search of thermodynamic approach to explain the origin of life, evolution and aging of living beings. The origin of life is the result of requirement by the quasi-equilibrium hierarchical thermodynamics, in particular, the supramolecular thermodynamics. The evolution and aging of living beings is accompanied with changes of chemical and supramolecular compositions of living bodies, as well as with changes in the composition and structure of all hierarchies of the living world...
2014: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
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