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History of geriatrics Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776066/-management-of-an-elderly-patient-in-the-emergency-room-at-the-end-of-life-a%C3%A2-medical-ethics-challenge
#1
G Michels, R Nies, S Ortmann, R Pfister, F Salomon
A 94-year-old patient with cardiogenic shock due to myocardial infarction was admitted via the emergency room. A coronary angiography and intensive care were requested. The need for care due to dementia was known. After case discussion in the interdisciplinary and multiprofessional treatment team, the decision for a palliative care concept in the form of symptom control was made in the emergency room, taking into account the patient's medical history, the current situation, and the presumed patient consent...
August 3, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306138/john-a-hartford-foundation-centers-of-excellence-program-history-impact-and-legacy
#2
David B Reuben, Daniel B Kaplan, Odette van der Willik, Nora O Brien-Suric
The John A. Hartford Foundation (JAHF) created the Centers of Excellence in Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Psychiatry in 1988 with the goal of establishing academic training environments to increase geriatrics-trained faculty. The initiative identified medical schools with the necessary components for training academic geriatricians. JAHF grants provided the resources to create a cadre of physicians whose research, teaching and practice leads to substantial contributions in geriatrics. Results from two evaluations show that the program has successfully increased geriatrics-prepared faculty who have achieved promotion and institutional retention, success in winning competitive research grants, and positions of leadership...
July 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299634/prevalence-and-determinants-of-the-use-of-lipid-lowering-agents-in-a-population-of-older-hospitalized-patients-the-findings-from-the-reposi-registro-politerapie-societ%C3%A3-italiana-di-medicina-interna-study
#3
Marco Bertolotti, Carlotta Franchi, Marco B L Rocchi, Andrea Miceli, M Vittoria Libbra, Alessandro Nobili, Giulia Lancellotti, Lucia Carulli, Chiara Mussi
BACKGROUND: Older patients are prone to multimorbidity and polypharmacy, with an inherent risk of adverse events and drug interactions. To the best of our knowledge, available information on the appropriateness of lipid-lowering treatment is extremely limited. AIM: The aim of the present study was to quantify and characterize lipid-lowering drug use in a population of complex in-hospital older patients. METHODS: We analyzed data from 87 units of internal medicine or geriatric medicine in the REPOSI (Registro Politerapie della Società Italiana di Medicina Interna) study, with reference to the 2010 and 2012 patient cohorts...
April 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#4
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education approved the training requirements in 1993...
May 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#5
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182802/the-association-of-geriatric-syndromes-with-hospital-outcomes
#6
Roman Romero-Ortuno, Duncan R Forsyth, Kathryn Jane Wilson, Ewen Cameron, Stephen Wallis, Richard Biram, Victoria Keevil
BACKGROUND: Frailty, history of dementia (HoD), and acute confusional states (ACS) are common in older patients admitted to hospital. OBJECTIVE: To study the association of frailty (≥6 points in the Clinical Frailty Scale [CFS]), HoD, and ACS with hospital outcomes, controlling for age, gender, acute illness severity (measured by a Modified Early Warning Score in the emergency department), comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index), and discharging specialty (general medicine, geriatric medicine, surgery)...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124062/prevalence-of-thyroid-disorders-in%C3%A2-elderly-people-in-germany-a-screening-study-in-a-country-with%C3%A2-endemic-goitre
#7
Frederik A Verburg, Inge Grelle, Kathrin Tatschner, Christoph Reiners, Markus Luster
AIM: In a screening study on people of working age the prevalence of morphological thyroid disorders was 33.1 %. It is not known precisely whether this further increases after retirement. The present study aimed to establish whether the increase in the prevalence of morphological and functional thyroid disorders continues beyond working age in elderly citizens. METHODS: 223 participants were recruited in an institute for geriatric rehabilitative medicine. All patients were screened by thyroid ultrasound, measurement of serum levels of thyroid hormones and thyroid related autoantibodies as well as measurement of urinary iodine excretion...
February 14, 2017: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119313/the-association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-functional-outcome-in-hospitalised-older-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Peter Hartley, Nathalie Gibbins, Amanda Saunders, Kerry Alexander, Eimear Conroy, Rebecca Dixon, Joseph Lang, Jasmine Luckett, Tim Luddington, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND: in hospitalised older adults, cognitive impairments are common and may be associated with functional outcomes. Our aim was to systematically review this association. METHOD: we systematically searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED and PsycINFO from inception to April 2016. Non-English language studies were filtered out at search stage. All types of studies were considered for inclusion except reviews, conference abstracts, dissertations and case studies. POPULATION: community-dwelling or institutionalised older adults aged 65 years or more, who are acutely hospitalised and have information on history of dementia and/or cognitive scores on admission...
January 23, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753962/os-10-01-prevalence-of-carotid-plaque-and-role-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-very-elderly-population-are-atherosclerosis-and-aging-synonyms
#9
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Silvia Buscarini, Piero Giordano, Maddalena Ricci, Emma Espinosa, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVE: Age is considered one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease and aging seems to play a central role in the onset and progression of atherosclerosis. AIM: to compare the prevalence of carotid plaque in a very elderly population without history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with the prevalence in a population of hypertensive adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 179 patients: 69 hospitalized very elderly (mean age: 88...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643359/os-10-01-prevalence-of-carotid-plaque-and-role-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-very-elderly-population-are-atherosclerosis-and-aging-synonyms
#10
Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Silvia Buscarini, Piero Giordano, Maddalena Ricci, Emma Espinosa, Riccardo Sarzani
OBJECTIVE: Age is considered one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease and aging seems to play a central role in the onset and progression of atherosclerosis. AIM: to compare the prevalence of carotid plaque in a very elderly population without history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), with the prevalence in a population of hypertensive adults. DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 179 patients: 69 hospitalized very elderly (mean age: 88...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633582/association-of-cognition-with-functional-trajectories-in-patients-admitted-to-geriatric-wards-a-retrospective-observational-study
#11
Peter Hartley, Kerry Alexander, Jennifer Adamson, Carol Cunningham, Georgina Embleton, Roman Romero-Ortuno
AIM: Impaired cognition is common among older patients admitted to acute hospitals, but its association with functional trajectories has not been well studied. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in an English tertiary university hospital. We analyzed all first episodes of county residents aged ≥75 years admitted to the Department of Medicine for the Elderly wards between December 2014 and May 2015. A history of dementia or a cognitive concern in the absence of a known diagnosis of dementia were recorded on admission...
September 16, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501856/can-we-improve-the-therapy-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-elderly-patients
#12
Katarina Bielakova, Emmanuela Fernandova, Hana Matejovska-Kubesova, Pavel Weber, Dana Prudius, Josef Bednar
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is becoming a serious problem predominantly in geriatric patients, who are a significant risk group. The goal of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for mortality in CDI patients and to construct a binary logistic regression model that describes the probability of mortality in geriatric patients suffering from CDI. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated a group of 235 patients over 65 years of age with confirmed diagnoses of CDI, hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatrics and General Practice, Brno, from January 2008 to December 2013...
August 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501488/the-aging-population-demographics-and-the-biology-of-aging
#13
REVIEW
Eleni Kanasi, Srinivas Ayilavarapu, Judith Jones
Epidemiologic studies show that 11% of the world's population is over 60 years of age; this is projected to increase, by 2050, to 22% of the population. Oral aging is a current focus of several organizations including the Federation Dentaire Internationale, the World Health Organization and the American and Japanese Dental Associations. In their Tokyo Declaration, the Japanese Association identified the elderly population as one of its main target groups. One of the WHO goals is for each person to retain more than 20 teeth by age 80, despite the fact that the prevalence of periodontal disease is continuously rising as the population is aging...
2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499322/less-invasive-surgery-using-external-fixator-for-the-treatment-of-subtrochanteric-femur-fracture-in-a-high-risk-geriatric-patient
#14
O Şahap Atik, Fatih I Can, M Selçuk Şenol, Toygun K Eren
A 90-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic complaining of pain in her left hip which occurred due to fall from a chair. Her medical history included memory loss and mental changes associated with Alzheimer's disease and depression. Patient's cooperation and orientation were weak. Range of motion of the left hip was restricted and painful. Radiographs of the left hip demonstrated subtrochanteric comminuted fracture of femur. Laboratory tests revealed anemia and liver insufficiency. Departments of internal medicine and anesthesiology reported high risk for surgery...
August 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968937/a-40-year-history-of-end-of-life-offerings-in-us-medical-schools-1975-2015
#15
George E Dickinson
The purpose of this longitudinal study of US medical schools over a 40-year period was to ascertain their offerings on end-of-life (EOL) issues. At 5-year intervals, beginning in 1975, US medical schools were surveyed via a questionnaire to determine their EOL offerings. Data were reported with frequency distributions. The Institute of Medicine has encouraged more emphasis on EOL issues over the past 2 decades. Findings revealed that undergraduate medical students in the United States are now exposed to death and dying, palliative care, and geriatric medicine...
July 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788044/is-frailty-associated-with-short-term-outcomes-for-elderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Lin Kang, Shu-Yang Zhang, Wen-Ling Zhu, Hai-Yu Pang, Li Zhang, Ming-Lei Zhu, Xiao-Hong Liu, Yong-Tai Liu
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a new prognostic factor in cardiovascular medicine due to the aging and increasingly complex nature of elderly patients. It is useful and meaningful to prospectively analyze the manner in which frailty predicts short-term outcomes for elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 65 years, with diagnosis of ACS from cardiology department and geriatrics department were included from single-center. Clinical data including geriatrics syndromes were collected using Comprehensive Geriatrics Assessment...
November 2015: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777483/-hospitalisation-as-a-risk-for-functional-decline-in-older-adults
#17
María Pilar Córcoles-Jiménez, María Victoria Ruiz-García, María Dolores Saiz-Vinuesa, Elena Muñoz-Mansilla, Lucía Herreros-Sáez, Pedro Fernández-Pallarés, Francisca Calero-Yáñez, María Teresa Muñoz-Serrano
UNLABELLED: FUNCTIONAL DECLINE: (FD) is a risk associated with hospital admission in older people, due to its high prevalence (35-70%) and its serious consequences. AIM: To determine the incidence of FD in the elderly after hospital admission at the Geriatric and Internal Medicine wards of a tertiary teaching hospital (Albacete, Spain). METHOD: A cohort study has been designed, whose primary focus was FD, defined as the loss of independence to perform the activities of daily living between preadmission status and discharge...
March 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460275/relationship-among-health-related-quality-of-life-depression-and-awareness-of-home-care-services-in-elderly-patients
#18
Ülkü Polat, Burcu Bayrak Kahraman, İlknur Kaynak, Ümit Görgülü
AIMS: The present descriptive study was carried out to determine the relationship between health-related quality of life, depression and awareness of home care services among elderly patients. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years or older staying at the surgery and internal medicine clinics were included in the study. The "Patient Introduction Form," "Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire" and "Geriatric Depression Scale" were utilized in the collection of data...
November 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26137644/-medicine-for-the-elderly-or-science-of-old-age-max-b%C3%A3-rger-s-contribution-to-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology
#19
Sandra Blumenthal, Florian Bruns
The fact that, due to demographic changes, gerontology and geriatrics are gaining ever more importance gives rise to more questions regarding the history of the science of aging. Based on unpublished sources and relevant publications by Max Bürger, the doyen of gerontological research in Germany, our contributions trace the beginnings of age research in Germany. Our results confirm Bürger as the dominant expert in this field in the first decades of its emergence. Bürger was primarily interested in basic medical-scientific research, and less in clinical geriatrics...
2015: Medizin, Gesellschaft, und Geschichte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26029477/patient-reported-geriatric-symptoms-as-risk-factors-for-hospitalization-and-emergency-department-visits
#20
Anupam Chandra, Sarah J Crane, Ericka E Tung, Gregory J Hanson, Frederick North, Stephen S Cha, Paul Y Takahashi
There is an urgent need to identify predictors of adverse outcomes and increased health care utilization in the elderly. The Mayo Ambulatory Geriatric Evaluation (MAGE) is a symptom questionnaire that was completed by patients aged 65 years and older during office visits to Primary Care Internal Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. It was introduced to improve screening for geriatric conditions. We conducted this study to explore the relationship between self-reported geriatric symptoms and hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits within 1 year of completing the survey...
June 2015: Aging and Disease
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