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hsp70 interacting protein

Anthony M Pedley, Georgios I Karras, Xin Zhang, Susan L Lindquist, Stephen J Benkovic
Despite purines being one of the largest classes of metabolites in a cell, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms that facilitate efficient purine production. Under conditions resulting in high purine demand, enzymes within the de novo purine biosynthetic pathway cluster into multi-enzyme assemblies called purinosomes. Purinosome formation has been linked to molecular chaperones HSP70 and HSP90; however, the involvement of these molecular chaperones in purinosome formation remains largely unknown. Here, we present a new found biochemical mechanism for the regulation of de novo purine biosynthetic enzymes mediated through HSP90...
March 19, 2018: Biochemistry
Oneida Espinosa-Álvarez, Paola A Ortiz, Luciana Lima, André G Costa-Martins, Myrna G Serrano, Stephane Herder, Gregory A Buck, Erney P Camargo, Patrick B Hamilton, Jamie R Stevens, Marta M G Teixeira
Trypanosoma rangeli and Trypanosoma cruzi are generalist trypanosomes sharing a wide range of mammalian hosts; they are transmitted by triatomine bugs, and are the only trypanosomes infecting humans in the Neotropics. Their origins, phylogenetic relationships, and emergence as human parasites have long been subjects of interest. In the present study, taxon-rich analyses (20 trypanosome species from bats and terrestrial mammals) using ssrRNA, glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH), heat shock protein-70 (HSP70) and Spliced Leader (SL) RNA sequences, and multilocus phylogenetic analyses using 11 single copy genes from 15 selected trypanosomes, provide increased resolution of relationships between species and clades, strongly supporting two main sister lineages: lineage Schizotrypanum, comprising T...
March 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
Xiaoling Wang, Xiuling Cao, Min Liu, Ruiqi Zhang, Xin Zhang, Zongyu Gao, Xiaofei Zhao, Kai Xu, Dawei Li, Yongliang Zhang
Dissecting the complex molecular interplay between the host plant and invading virus improves our understanding of the mechanisms underlying viral pathogenesis. In this study, immunoprecipitation together with the mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) family homolog, Hsc70-2, was co-purified with beet black scorch virus (BBSV) replication protein p23 and coat protein (CP), respectively. Further experiments demonstrated that Hsc70-2 interacts directly with both p23 and CP, whereas there is no interaction between p23 and CP...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiang Cao, Yi Zhou, Hongfang Sun, Miao Xu, Xiaowen Bi, Zhihui Zhao, Binghui Shen, Fengyi Wan, Zhuan Hong, Lei Lan, Lan Luo, Zhigang Guo, Zhimin Yin
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR-activating mutations initially respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and have shown favorable outcomes. However, acquired drug resistance to EGFR-TKIs develops in almost all patients mainly due to the EGFR T790 M mutation. Here, we show that treatment with low-dose EGFR-TKI results in the emergence of the EGFR T790 M mutation and in the reduction of HSP70 protein levels in HCC827 cells. Erlotinib treatment inhibits HSP70 phosphorylation at tyrosine 41 and increases HSP70 ubiquitination, resulting in HSP70 degradation...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
Maria Adell, Bárbara M Calisto, Ignacio Fita, Luca Martinelli
Hsp70 chaperones keep protein homeostasis facilitating the response of organisms to changes in external and internal conditions. Hsp70s have two domains - Nucleotide Binding Domain (NBD) and Substrate Binding Domain (SBD) - connected by a conserved hydrophobic linker. Functioning of Hsp70s depend on tightly regulated cycles of ATP hydrolysis allosterically coupled, often together with co-chaperones, to the binding/release of peptide substrates. Here we describe the crystal structure of the Mycoplasma genitalium DnaK (MgDnaK) protein, an Hsp70 homolog, in the non-compact, nucleotide-bound/substrate-bound conformation...
March 9, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Yunhee Cho, Hyeok Gu Kang, Seok-Jun Kim, Seul Lee, Sujin Jee, Sung Gwe Ahn, Min Jueng Kang, Joon Seon Song, Joon-Yong Chung, Eugene C Yi, Kyung-Hee Chun
Recurrence and drug resistance of breast cancer are still the main reasons for breast cancer-associated deaths. Cancer stem cell (CSC) model has been proposed as a hypothesis for the lethality of breast cancer. Molecular mechanisms underlying CSC maintenance are still unclear. In this study, we generated mammospheres derived from breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells and MCF7 cells to enrich CSCs and performed DNA microarray analysis. We found that the expression of carboxy terminus of HSP70-interacting protein (CHIP) E3 ubiquitin ligase was significantly downregulated in breast CSCs...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Afrooz Dabbaghizadeh, Geneviève Morrow, Yasmine Ould Amer, Etienne Hebert Chatelain, Nicolas Pichaud, Robert M Tanguay
The small heat shock protein (sHsp) Hsp22 from Drosophila melanogaster (DmHsp22) is part of the family of sHsps in this diptera. This sHsp is characterized by its presence in the mitochondrial matrix as well as by its preferential expression during ageing. Although DmHsp22 has been demonstrated to be an efficient in vitro chaperone, its function within mitochondria in vivo remains largely unknown. Thus, determining its protein-interaction network (interactome) in the mitochondrial matrix would help to shed light on its function(s)...
2018: PloS One
Ganapathi Kandasamy, Claes Andréasson
In protein quality control, proteotoxic misfolded proteins are recognized by molecular chaperones, ubiquitylated by dedicated quality-control ligases and delivered to 26S proteasome for degradation. The chaperone Hsp70 and its nucleotide exchange factor Hsp110 functions in the degradation of misfolded proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome system via poorly understood mechanisms. Here we report that yeast Hsp110 (Sse1 and Sse2) functions in the degradation of Hsp70-associated ubiquitin conjugates at the post-ubiquitylation step and is required for the proteasomal degradation of ubiquitin-independent substrates...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Kohei Umehara, Miho Hoshikawa, Naoya Tochio, Shin-Ichi Tate
The stress-induced 70 kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) functions as a molecular chaperone to maintain protein homeostasis. Hsp70 contains an N-terminal ATPase domain (NBD) and a C-terminal substrate-binding domain (SBD). The SBD is divided into the β subdomain containing the substrate-binding site (βSBD) and the α-helical subdomain (αLid) that covers the βSBD. In this report, the solution structures of two different forms of the SBD from human Hsp70 were solved. One structure shows the αLid bound to the substrate-binding site intramolecularly, whereas this intramolecular binding mode is absent in the other structure solved...
February 27, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Serena Schwenkert, Sophie Dittmer, Jürgen Soll
Import of preproteins into chloroplasts is an essential process, requiring two major multisubunit protein complexes that are embedded in the outer and inner chloroplast envelope membrane. Both the translocon of the outer chloroplast membrane (Toc), as well as the translocon of the inner chloroplast membrane (Tic) have been studied intensively with respect to their individual subunit compositions, functions and regulations. Recent advances in crystallography have increased our understanding of the operation of these proteins in terms of their interactions and regulation by conformational switching...
February 27, 2018: Essays in Biochemistry
E Kokubu, T Inoue, K Ishihara
OBJECTIVE: In the gingival crevice, the interaction between epithelial cells and periodontopathic bacteria is important for the development of periodontitis. Treponema denticola is a major pathogen of chronic periodontitis and possesses several virulence factors, such as major surface protein (Msp) and prolyl-phenylalanine-specific protease (dentilisin). Here, we investigated the behaviours of epithelial cells infected with T. denticola by measuring the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, β defensin 2 (BD-2) and heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70)...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Anand Rane, Subramanian Rajagopalan, Manuj Ahuja, Bobby Thomas, Shankar J Chinta, Julie K Andersen
The heat shock factor 90 (hsp90) complex has long been associated with neuropathological phenotypes linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) and its inhibition is neuroprotective in disease models. Hsp90 is conventionally believed to act by suppressing induction of hsp70. Here, we report a novel hsp70-independent mechanism by which Hsp90 may also contribute to PD-associated neuropathology. We previously reported that inhibition of the enzyme prolyl hydroxylase domain 2 (PHD2) in conjunction with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1α) results in protection of vulnerable dopaminergic substantia nigra pars compacta (DAergic SNpc) neurons in in vitro and in vivo models of PD...
February 19, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Andrea N Kravats, Joel R Hoskins, Michael Reidy, Jill L Johnson, Shannon M Doyle, Olivier Genest, Daniel C Masison, Sue Wickner
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a highly conserved ATP-dependent molecular chaperone that is essential in eukaryotes. It is required for the activation and stabilization of more than 200 client proteins, including many kinases and steroid hormone receptors involved in cell-signaling pathways. Hsp90 chaperone activity requires collaboration with a subset of the many Hsp90 cochaperones, including the Hsp70 chaperone. In higher eukaryotes, the collaboration between Hsp90 and Hsp70 is indirect and involves Hop, a cochaperone that interacts with both Hsp90 and Hsp70...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
P Najafi, I Zulkifli, A F Soleimani
The aim of the current study was to elucidate whether inhibition of corticosterone (CORT) synthesis could modify stress response to feed deprivation and its possible interactions with feed restriction in the neonatal period in broiler chickens. Equal numbers of broiler chicks were subjected to either 60% feed restriction (60FR) or ad libitum (AL) on d 4, 5, and 6. On day 7, blood CORT, acute phase proteins (APP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, and brain heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression were determined...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
Ashok Sekhar, Algirdas Velyvis, Guy Zoltsman, Rina Rosenzweig, Guillaume Bouvignies, Lewis E Kay
Molecular recognition is integral to biological function and frequently involves preferred binding of a molecule to one of several exchanging ligand conformations in solution. In such a process the bound structure can be selected from the ensemble of interconverting ligands a priori (conformational selection, CS) or may form once the ligand is bound (induced fit, IF). Here we focus on the ubiquitous and conserved Hsp70 chaperone which oversees the integrity of the cellular proteome through its ATP-dependent interaction with client proteins...
February 20, 2018: ELife
Jie-Bin Zhou, Ying-Lin Zheng, Yi-Xuan Zeng, Jia-Wei Wang, Zhong Pei, Ji-Yan Pang
Ageing is a complex but universal phenomenon that progressively challenges the homeostasis network and finally leads to the dysfunction of organisms and even death. Previous studies demonstrated that xyloketal B and its derivatives, a series of marine novel ketone compounds, possessed unique antioxidative effects on endothelial and neuronal oxidative injuries. In this study, we examined the effects of xyloketal derivatives on extending lifespan and healthspan of Caenorhabditis elegans. The results showed that most selected xyloketals could protect Caenorhabditis elegans against heat stress and extend the lifespan of worms...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Kaushik Bhattacharya, Lilia Bernasconi, Didier Picard
Complex patterns of protein-protein interactions (PPInts) are involved in almost all cellular processes. This has stimulated the development of a wide range of methods to characterize PPInts in detail. Methods with fluorescence resonance energy transfer can be technically challenging and suffer from several limitations, which could be overcome by switching to luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) with lanthanide ions such as Tb3+. With LRET, energy transfer between PPInt partners works over a larger distance and with less topological constraints; moreover, the long-lived luminescence of lanthanides allows one to bypass the short-lived background fluorescence...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Praveen Kumar Allu, Yerranna Boggula, Srinivasu Karri, Adinarayana Marada, Thanuja Krishnamoorthy, Naresh Babu V Sepuri
Cells across evolution employ reversible oxidative modification of methionine and cysteine amino acids within proteins to regulate responses to redox stress. Previously we have shown that mitochondrial localized methionine sulfoxide reductase (Mxr2) reversibly regulates oxidized yeast Mge1 (yMge1), a co-chaperone of Hsp70/Ssc1 to maintain protein homeostasis during oxidative stress. However, the specificity and the conservation of the reversible methionine oxidation mechanism in higher eukaryotes is debatable as human GrpEL1 (hGrpEL1) unlike its homolog yMge1 harbors two methionine residues and multiple cysteines besides the mammalian mitochondria hosting R and S types of Mxrs/Msrs...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Regina Adão, Letícia M Zanphorlin, Tatiani B Lima, Dev Sriranganadane, Käthe M Dahlström, Glaucia M S Pinheiro, Fabio C Gozzo, Leandro R S Barbosa, Carlos H I Ramos
Proteostasis is dependent on the Hsp70/Hsp90 system (the two chaperones and their co-chaperones). Of these, Hop (Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein), also known as Sti1, forms an important scaffold to simultaneously binding to both Hsp70 and Hsp90. Hop/Sti1 has been implicated in several disease states, for instance cancer and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Therefore, human and yeast homologous have been better studied and information on plant homologous is still limited, even though plants are continuously exposed to environmental stress...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Isabelle R Taylor, Bryan M Dunyak, Tomoko Komiyama, Hao Shao, Xu Ran, Victoria A Assimon, Chakrapani Kalyanaraman, Jennifer N Rauch, Matthew P Jacobson, Erik R P Zuiderweg, Jason E Gestwicki
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are an important category of putative drug targets. Improvements in high throughput screening (HTS) have significantly accelerated the discovery of inhibitors for some categories of PPIs. However, methods suitable for screening multi-protein complexes (e.g. those composed of three or more different components) have been slower to emerge. Here, we explored an approach that uses reconstituted multi-protein complexes (RMPCs). As a model system, we chose heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), which is an ATP-dependent molecular chaperone that interacts with co-chaperones, including DnaJA2 and BAG2...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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