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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716262/new-genetic-causes-for-complex-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#1
Paulo Victor Sgobbi de Souza, Thiago Bortholin, Renan Braido Dias, Marco Antônio Troccoli Chieia, Stênio Burlin, Fernando George Monteiro Naylor, Wladimir Bocca Vieira de Rezende Pinto, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) represents a complex and heterogeneous group of rare neurodegenerative disorders that share a common clinical feature of weakness and lower limb spasticity that can occur alone or in combination with a constellation of other neurological or systemic signs and symptoms. Although the core clinical feature of weakness and lower limb spasticity is virtually universal, the genetic heterogeneity is almost uncountable with more than 70 genetic forms described so far...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237315/loss-of-spatacsin-function-alters-lysosomal-lipid-clearance-leading-to-upper-and-lower-motor-neuron-degeneration
#2
Julien Branchu, Maxime Boutry, Laura Sourd, Marine Depp, Céline Leone, Alexandrine Corriger, Maeva Vallucci, Typhaine Esteves, Raphaël Matusiak, Magali Dumont, Marie-Paule Muriel, Filippo M Santorelli, Alexis Brice, Khalid Hamid El Hachimi, Giovanni Stevanin, Frédéric Darios
Mutations in SPG11 account for the most common form of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), characterized by a gait disorder associated with various brain alterations. Mutations in the same gene are also responsible for rare forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease and progressive juvenile-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To elucidate the physiopathological mechanisms underlying these human pathologies, we disrupted the Spg11 gene in mice by inserting stop codons in exon 32, mimicking the most frequent mutations found in patients...
June 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119845/identification-of-a-heterozygous-spg11-mutation-by-clinical-exome-sequencing-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-a-case-report
#3
Ja-Young Oh, Hyun Jung Do, Seungok Lee, Ja-Hyun Jang, Eun-Hae Cho, Dae-Hyun Jang
Next-generation sequencing, such as whole-genome sequencing, whole-exome sequencing, and targeted panel sequencing have been applied for diagnosis of many genetic diseases, and are in the process of replacing the traditional methods of genetic analysis. Clinical exome sequencing (CES), which provides not only sequence variation data but also clinical interpretation, aids in reaching a final conclusion with regards to genetic diagnosis. Sequencing of genes with clinical relevance rather than whole exome sequencing might be more suitable for the diagnosis of known hereditary disease with genetic heterogeneity...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957547/clinical-and-genetic-study-of-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-canada
#4
Nicolas Chrestian, Nicolas Dupré, Ziv Gan-Or, Anna Szuto, Shiyi Chen, Anil Venkitachalam, Jean-Denis Brisson, Jodi Warman-Chardon, Sohnee Ahmed, Setareh Ashtiani, Heather MacDonald, Noreen Mohsin, Karim Mourabit-Amari, Pierre Provencher, Kym M Boycott, Dimitri J Stavropoulos, Patrick A Dion, Peter N Ray, Oksana Suchowersky, Guy A Rouleau, Grace Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, genetic, and epidemiologic features of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) in Canada and to determine which clinical, radiologic, and genetic factors determine functional outcomes for patients with HSP. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter observational study of patients who met clinical criteria for the diagnosis of HSP in the provinces of Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec from 2012 to 2015. Characteristics of the participants were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
February 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956894/modeling-axonal-defects-in-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-with-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
Kyle R Denton, Chongchong Xu, Harsh Shah, Xue-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Cortical motor neurons, also known as upper motor neurons, are large projection neurons whose axons convey signals to lower motor neurons to control the muscle movements. Degeneration of cortical motor neuron axons is implicated in several debilitating disorders, including hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Since the discovery of the first HSP gene, SPAST that encodes spastin, over 70 distinct genetic loci associated with HSP have been identified...
October 2016: Frontiers in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900367/whole-genome-sequencing-of-two-probands-with-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-reveals-novel-splice-donor-region-variant-and-known-pathogenic-variant-in-spg11
#6
Allen Chi-Shing Yu, Anne Yin-Yan Chan, Wing Chi Au, Yun Shen, Ting Fung Chan, Ho-Yin Edwin Chan
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a group of heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders, which are often presented with overlapping phenotypes such as progressive paraparesis and spasticity. To assist the diagnosis of HSP subtypes, next-generation sequencing is often used to provide supporting evidence. In this study, we report the case of two probands from the same family with HSP symptoms, including bilateral lower limb weakness, unsteady gait, cognitive decline, dysarthria, and slurring of speech since the age of 14...
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820618/pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-levodopa-responsive-juvenile-dystonia-and-parkinsonism-secondary-to-spg11-mutation
#7
Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Lucy Gee, Youngwon Youn, Damian S Shin, Julie G Pilitsis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601211/hereditary-spastic-paraplegias-identification-of-a-novel-spg57-variant-affecting-tfg-oligomerization-and-description-of-hsp-subtypes-in-sudan
#8
Liena E O Elsayed, Inaam N Mohammed, Ahlam A A Hamed, Maha A Elseed, Adam Johnson, Mathilde Mairey, Hassab Elrasoul S A Mohamed, Mohamed N Idris, Mustafa A M Salih, Sarah M El-Sadig, Mahmoud E Koko, Ashraf Y O Mohamed, Laure Raymond, Marie Coutelier, Frédéric Darios, Rayan A Siddig, Ahmed K M A Ahmed, Arwa M A Babai, Hiba M O Malik, Zulfa M B M Omer, Eman O E Mohamed, Hanan B Eltahir, Nasr Aldin A Magboul, Elfatih E Bushara, Abdelrahman Elnour, Salah M Abdel Rahim, Abdelmoneim Alattaya, Mustafa I Elbashir, Muntaser E Ibrahim, Alexandra Durr, Anjon Audhya, Alexis Brice, Ammar E Ahmed, Giovanni Stevanin
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are the second most common type of motor neuron disease recognized worldwide. We investigated a total of 25 consanguineous families from Sudan. We used next-generation sequencing to screen 74 HSP-related genes in 23 families. Linkage analysis and candidate gene sequencing was performed in two other families. We established a genetic diagnosis in six families with autosomal recessive HSP (SPG11 in three families and TFG/SPG57, SACS and ALS2 in one family each). A heterozygous mutation in a gene involved in an autosomal dominant HSP (ATL1/SPG3A) was also identified in one additional family...
January 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544499/severe-axonal-neuropathy-is-a-late-manifestation-of-spg11
#9
Andreea Manole, Viorica Chelban, Nourelhoda A Haridy, Sherifa A Hamed, Andrés Berardo, Mary M Reilly, Henry Houlden
Complex hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders usually inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. In the past, complex recessive spastic paraplegias have been frequently associated with SPG11 mutations but also with defects in SPG15, SPG7 and a handful of other rare genes. Pleiotropy exists in HSP genes, exemplified in the recent association of SPG11 mutations with CMT2. In this study, we performed whole exome sequence analysis and identified two siblings with novel compound heterozygous frameshift SPG11 mutations...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318863/novel-compound-heterozygous-spatacsin-mutations-in-a-greek-kindred-with-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-spg11-and-dementia
#10
Matthew J Fraidakis, Maura Brunetti, Craig Blackstone, Massimo Filippi, Adriano Chiò
SPG11 belongs to the autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) and presents during childhood or puberty with a complex clinical phenotype encompassing learning difficulties, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, amyotrophy, and mental retardation. We hereby present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with complex autosomal recessive HSP with thinning of the corpus callosum (TCC) and dementia that was compound heterozygous with two novel mutations in the SPG11 gene. Sequence analysis of the SPG11 gene revealed two novel mutations in a compound heterozygous state in the index patient (c...
2016: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256065/a-case-report-of-spg11-mutations-in-a-chinese-arhsp-tcc-family
#11
Linwei Zhang, Karen N McFarland, Jinsong Jiao, Yujuan Jiao
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP) with thin corpus callosum (TCC) is a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia, characterized by progressive spastic paraplegia, weakness of the lower extremities and is usually accompanied by mental retardation. Mutations in the Spastic Paraplegia gene 11 (SPG11) account for a large proportion of ARHSP-TCC cases worldwide. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a Chinese family with ARHSP-TCC...
June 3, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217339/genetic-and-phenotypic-characterization-of-complex-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#12
Eleanna Kara, Arianna Tucci, Claudia Manzoni, David S Lynch, Marilena Elpidorou, Conceicao Bettencourt, Viorica Chelban, Andreea Manole, Sherifa A Hamed, Nourelhoda A Haridy, Monica Federoff, Elisavet Preza, Deborah Hughes, Alan Pittman, Zane Jaunmuktane, Sebastian Brandner, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Sarah Wiethoff, Lucia Schottlaender, Christos Proukakis, Huw Morris, Tom Warner, Kailash P Bhatia, L V Prasad Korlipara, Andrew B Singleton, John Hardy, Nicholas W Wood, Patrick A Lewis, Henry Houlden
The hereditary spastic paraplegias are a heterogeneous group of degenerative disorders that are clinically classified as either pure with predominant lower limb spasticity, or complex where spastic paraplegia is complicated with additional neurological features, and are inherited in autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked patterns. Genetic defects have been identified in over 40 different genes, with more than 70 loci in total. Complex recessive spastic paraplegias have in the past been frequently associated with mutations in SPG11 (spatacsin), ZFYVE26/SPG15, SPG7 (paraplegin) and a handful of other rare genes, but many cases remain genetically undefined...
July 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180005/a-rare-case-of-spg11-mutation-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
C Laurencin, L Rascle, F Cotton, C Grosset-Janin, E Bernard, C Depienne, S Vukusic, S Thobois
We describe a patient with SPG11 hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), who developed walking disorder in childhood. He presented three episodes of subacute gait disorders worsening between the age of 20 and 22 years. Brain and spinal MRI revealed multiple T2 hypersignal lesions, consistent with inflammatory lesions. Surprisingly, CSF analysis showed neither oligoclonal bands nor increased IgG index. He was dramatically improved by intravenous methylprednisolone. A relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) was suspected...
June 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084228/genetic-background-of-the-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-phenotypes-in-hungary-an-analysis-of-58-probands
#14
Peter Balicza, Zoltan Grosz, Michael A Gonzalez, Renata Bencsik, Klara Pentelenyi, Aniko Gal, Edina Varga, Peter Klivenyi, Julia Koller, Stephan Züchner, Judit Maria Molnar
BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases with progressive lower limb spasticity and weakness. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of different SPG mutations in Hungarian patients, and to provide further genotype-phenotype correlations for the known HSP causing genes. METHODS: We carried out genetic testing for 58 probands with clinical characteristics of HSP...
May 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071356/high-frequency-of-pathogenic-rearrangements-in-spg11-and-extensive-contribution-of-mutational-hotspots-and-founder-alleles
#15
Sven Günther, Ewelina Elert-Dobkowska, Anne S Soehn, Sophie Hinreiner, Grace Yoon, Raoul Heller, Yorck Hellenbroich, Christian A Hübner, Peter N Ray, Ute Hehr, Peter Bauer, Anna Sulek, Christian Beetz
Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in SPG11 cause a wide spectrum of recessively inherited, neurodegenerative disorders including hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. By comprehensive screening of three large cohorts of HSP index patients, we identified 83 alleles with "small" mutations and 13 alleles that carry large genomic rearrangements. Including relevant data from previous studies, we estimate that copy number variants (CNVs) account for ∼19% of pathogenic SPG11 alleles...
July 2016: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066562/turkish-families-with-juvenile-motor-neuron-disease-broaden-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-spg11
#16
Ceren Iskender, Ece Kartal, Fulya Akcimen, Cemile Kocoglu, Aslihan Ozoguz, Dilcan Kotan, Mefkure Eraksoy, Yesim G Parman, Ayse Nazli Basak
OBJECTIVE: Identification of causative mutations in 3 consanguineous families (with 4 affected members) referred to our center with young-onset motor neuron disease and overlapping phenotypes resembling autosomal recessive juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ARJALS) and autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP). METHODS: Patients have a slowly progressive motor neuron disease with upper and lower motor neuron dysfunction. There is distal muscle weakness and atrophy associated with pyramidal signs...
October 2015: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016404/motor-neuron-degeneration-in-spastic-paraplegia-11-mimics-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-lesions
#17
Paola S Denora, Katrien Smets, Federica Zolfanelli, Chantal Ceuterick-de Groote, Carlo Casali, Tine Deconinck, Anne Sieben, Michael Gonzales, Stephan Zuchner, Frédéric Darios, Dirk Peeters, Alexis Brice, Alessandro Malandrini, Peter De Jonghe, Filippo M Santorelli, Giovanni Stevanin, Jean-Jacques Martin, Khalid H El Hachimi
The most common form of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia is caused by mutations in the SPG11/KIAA1840 gene on chromosome 15q. The nature of the vast majority of SPG11 mutations found to date suggests a loss-of-function mechanism of the encoded protein, spatacsin. The SPG11 phenotype is, in most cases, characterized by a progressive spasticity with neuropathy, cognitive impairment and a thin corpus callosum on brain MRI. Full neuropathological characterization has not been reported to date despite the description of >100 SPG11 mutations...
June 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972116/mutations-in-fus-are-the-most-frequent-genetic-cause-in-juvenile-sporadic-als-patients-of-chinese-origin
#18
Zhang-Yu Zou, Ming-Sheng Liu, Xiao-Guang Li, Li-Ying Cui
Juvenile onset ALS is a very rare form of motor neuron disease, with the first symptoms of motor neuron degeneration manifested before 25 years of age. Mutations in the alsin (ALS2), senataxin (SETX), and spatacsin (SPG11) genes have been associated with familial ALS with juvenile onset and slow progression, whereas the genetic architecture of sporadic juvenile ALS remains unclear. We screened mutations in C9orf72, SOD1, FUS, TARDBP, ANG, VCP and PFN1 in 16 juvenile sporadic ALS patients. Four cases (25%) carrying FUS mutations and one individual (6%) harbouring a SOD1 mutation were identified...
2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971897/gsk3%C3%A3-dependent-dysregulation-of-neurodevelopment-in-spg11-patient-ipsc-model
#19
Himanshu K Mishra, Iryna Prots, Steven Havlicek, Zacharias Kohl, Francesc Perez-Branguli, Tom Boerstler, Lukas Anneser, Georgia Minakaki, Holger Wend, Martin Hampl, Marina Leone, Martina Brückner, Jochen Klucken, Andre Reis, Leah Boyer, Gerhard Schuierer, Jürgen Behrens, Angelika Lampert, Felix B Engel, Fred H Gage, Jürgen Winkler, Beate Winner
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in the Spastic Paraplegia Gene11 (SPG11), encoding spatacsin, cause the most frequent form of autosomal recessive (AR) complex hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) and juvenile onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS5). When SPG11 is mutated, patients frequently present with spastic paraparesis, a thin corpus callosum, and cognitive impairment. We previously delineated a neurodegenerative phenotype in neurons of these patients. In the current study, we recapitulated early developmental phenotypes of SPG11 and outlined their cellular and molecular mechanisms in patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived cortical neural progenitor cells (NPCs)...
March 11, 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937357/targeted-ngs-meets-expert-clinical-characterization-efficient-diagnosis-of-spastic-paraplegia-type-11
#20
Cristina Castro-Fernández, Manuel Arias, Patricia Blanco-Arias, Luis Santomé-Collazo, Jorge Amigo, Ángel Carracedo, Maria-Jesús Sobrido
Next generation sequencing (NGS) is transforming the diagnostic approach for neurological disorders, since it allows simultaneous analysis of hundreds of genes, even based on just a broad, syndromic patient categorization. However, such an approach bears a high risk of incidental and uncertain genetic findings. We report a patient with spastic paraplegia whose comprehensive neurological and imaging examination raised a high clinical suspicion of SPG11. Thus, although our NGS pipeline for this group of disorders includes gene panel and exome sequencing, in this sample only the spatacsin gene region was captured and subsequently searched for mutations...
June 1, 2015: Applied & Translational Genomics
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