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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076639/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-treatment-of-major-depression-during-pregnancy-a-review
#1
Renata de Melo Felipe, Ygor Arzeno Ferrão
Introduction: Pregnancy is characterized by a high prevalence of mental disorders. Depression is the most common of these disorders and it is a risk factor for negative maternal and child development outcomes. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy are conventional and well-established therapeutic options, but some clients fail to respond and the safety of using some pharmacological agents during pregnancy is unclear. Some neuromodulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), have been studied in depressed pregnant women...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072647/tools-for-practical-psychotherapy-a-transtheoretical-collection-or-interventions-which-have-at-least-worked-for-us
#2
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Regardless of their historical and theoretical roots, strategies, tactics, and techniques used in everyday psychotherapy across diverse theoretical schools contain common factors and methods from other specific psychotherapeutic modalities that contribute substantially to psychotherapy outcomes. Common factors include alliance, empathy, goal consensus/collaboration, positive regard/affirmation, and congruence/genuineness, among others. All therapies also recognize that factors specific to therapists impact treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051971/what-are-effective-psychological-interventions-for-veterans-with-sleep-disturbances-a-rapid-evidence-assessment
#3
Andrea J Phelps, Tracey Varker, Olivia Metcalf, Lisa Dell
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and related sleep disturbances commonly occur in veterans, with prevalence rates as high as 90% reported in some studies. Military-specific factors such as sleep disturbances during military training and deployment, as well as a higher prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is known to poorly impact sleep, may contribute to higher insomnia rates in veterans. Although evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of insomnia exist, the unique nature of veterans sleep problems means they may differ in their response to treatment...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025939/serotonin-selective-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-fsd-hypothesis-on-its-association-and-options-of-treatment
#4
Nurul Azmi Mahamad Rappek, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Sazlina Kamarazaman, Srijit Das, Ruziana Masiran, Najwa Baharudin, Muhammad Hatta
Sexual dysfunctions are commonly seen in women on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The complexities of female sexual functioning are reflected through modulation of inter-playing factors like the neuropsychophysiological factors, inter-personal and relationship issue, psychiatric co-morbidities and physical disorder. The incidence of SSRIs-induced FSD is difficult to estimate because of the potentially confounding effects of SSRIs, presence of polypharmacy, marital effect, socio-cultural factors and due to the design and assessment problems in majority of the studies...
December 27, 2016: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938524/how-to-modify-psychopathological-states-hypotheses-based-on-complex-systems-theory
#5
Hermann Haken, Wolfgang Tschacher
In mathematical analysis based on the assumptions of complexity science, the emergence of a pattern is the result of a competition of modes, which each have a parameter value attached. In the context of visual pattern recognition, a specific connectionist system (the synergetic computer SC) was developed, which was derived from the assumptions of synergetics, a theory of complex systems. We adapted the processes of visual pattern recognition performed by the SC to a different context, psychopathology and therapeutic interventions, assuming these scenarios are analogous...
January 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898277/editorial-therapeutic-factors-in-treatment-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Richard C Friedman, Jennifer I Downey
In this issue of Psychodynamic Psychiatry, Michael Stone discusses therapeutic factors in the treatment of patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). He emphasizes the great diversity of borderline patients and points out that a number of manual-based therapies, each described by an acronym, generally achieve positive therapeutic results in the short term. Many borderline patients require years of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and additional treatments, however. Stone observes that patients with this disorder invariably have other personality characteristics and disorders...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879650/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-overview-of-evidence-based-assessment-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Cynthia L Lancaster, Jenni B Teeters, Daniel F Gros, Sudie E Back
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic psychological disorder that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event. This review summarizes the literature on the epidemiology, assessment, and treatment of PTSD. We provide a review of the characteristics of PTSD along with associated risk factors, and describe brief, evidence-based measures that can be used to screen for PTSD and monitor symptom changes over time. In regard to treatment, we highlight commonly used, evidence-based psychotherapies and pharmacotherapies for PTSD...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857509/preventing-adolescent-social-anxiety-and-depression-and-reducing-peer-victimization-intervention-development-and-open-trial
#8
Annette M La Greca, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Laura Mufson, Sherilynn Chan
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depression are common among adolescents, frequently comorbid, and resistant to change. Prevention programs for adolescent SAD are scant, and depression prevention programs do not fully address peer-risk factors. One critical peer-risk factor for SAD and depression is peer victimization. We describe the development and initial evaluation of a transdiagnostic school-based preventive intervention for adolescents with elevated symptoms of social anxiety and/or depression and elevated peer victimization...
December 2016: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764692/memory-performance-predicts-recurrence-of-mania-in-bipolar-disorder-following-psychotherapy-a-preliminary-study
#9
Isabelle E Bauer, Martin Hautzinger, Thomas D Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are common features of bipolar disorder (BD). Not much is, however, known about the potential moderator effects of these factors on the outcome of talking therapies. The goal of our study was to explore whether learning and memory abilities predict risk of recurrence of mood episodes or interact with a psychological intervention. METHOD: We analyzed data collected as part of a clinical trial evaluating relapse rates following Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Therapy (ST) (Meyer and Hautzinger, 2012)...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719859/functional-voice-disorders-clinical-presentations-and-differential-diagnosis
#10
J Baker
In this chapter, an overview of the heterogeneous group of functional voice disorders is given, including the psychogenic voice disorder (PVD) and hyperfunctional or muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD) subgroups. Reference is made to prevalence and demographic data, with empiric evidence for psychosocial factors commonly associated with the onset and maintenance of these disorders. Clinical features that distinguish between the different presentations of PVD and MTVD are described. While there are some shared characteristics, key differences between these two subgroups indicate that PVD more closely resembles the psychogenic movement disorders and a range of other functional neurologic disorders...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663815/assessment-and-management-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-older-adults
#11
Jeanne Lackamp, Rebecca Schlachet, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Major depression disorder (MDD) is one of the most common mental disorders world-wide and is prevalent throughout the lifespan, with prevalence estimates of 1-5% in those 65 years of age and older. METHODS: The aim of this mini-review is to briefly summarize clinically relevant topics within the domain of later-life MDD. RESULTS: The mini-review presents an overview of epidemiology, complications of late life MDD, risk factors and clinical presentation, clinical assessment, general issues relevant to the treatment of the older adult with MDD, drug treatments, discussion of how medical complexity affects drug treatment and other treatment modalities...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620166/a-qualitative-study-of-perceived-needs-and-factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-care-for-common-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-diseases-the-perspective-of-primary-care-clinicians-and-patients
#12
Pasquale Roberge, Catherine Hudon, Alan Pavilanis, Marie-Claude Beaulieu, Annie Benoit, Hélène Brouillet, Isabelle Boulianne, Anna De Pauw, Serge Frigon, Isabelle Gaboury, Martine Gaudreault, Ariane Girard, Marie Giroux, Élyse Grégoire, Line Langlois, Martin Lemieux, Christine Loignon, Alain Vanasse
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders is high among patients with chronic diseases in primary care, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. The detection and treatment of common mental disorders in patients with chronic diseases can be challenging in the primary care setting. This study aims to explore the perceived needs, barriers and facilitators for the delivery of mental health care for patients with coexisting common mental disorders and chronic diseases in primary care from the clinician and patient perspectives...
September 13, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467034/-eating-disorders-and-sexual-function
#13
V Kravvariti, Fr Gonidakis
Women suffering from eating disorders, present considerable retardation and difficulties in their psychosexual development during adolescence. This leads to primary or secondary insufficiencies in their adult sexual life. The cause of these difficulties seems to be a series of biological, family and psychosocial factors. The majority of the research findings indicate that eating disorders have a negative impact on the patient's sexual function. The factors related to eating disorders symptomatology that influence sexuality are various and differ among each eating disorder diagnostic categories...
April 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406383/dilemma-focused-intervention-for-unipolar-depression-a-treatment-manual
#14
Guillem Feixas, Victoria Compañ
BACKGROUND: This article introduces a new treatment protocol for depression. Based on previous research which indicated the presence of cognitive conflicts in depression, this study created an intervention manual to address these conflicts. METHOD: The therapy manual for depressive patients followed the guideline for inclusion in clinical trials (stage II), which has received high recognition. A preliminary version (stage I) of this manual was formulated based on other, more general dilemma-focused therapy publications, inspired by personal construct theory (PCT), and input from clinical experience...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378878/ego-dissolution-and-psychedelics-validation-of-the-ego-dissolution-inventory-edi
#15
Matthew M Nour, Lisa Evans, David Nutt, Robin L Carhart-Harris
AIMS: The experience of a compromised sense of "self", termed ego-dissolution, is a key feature of the psychedelic experience. This study aimed to validate the Ego-Dissolution Inventory (EDI), a new 8-item self-report scale designed to measure ego-dissolution. Additionally, we aimed to investigate the specificity of the relationship between psychedelics and ego-dissolution. METHOD: Sixteen items relating to altered ego-consciousness were included in an internet questionnaire; eight relating to the experience of ego-dissolution (comprising the EDI), and eight relating to the antithetical experience of increased self-assuredness, termed ego-inflation...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352090/cumulative-risk-hypothesis-predicting-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-recidivism
#16
David Solomon, Kia Åsberg, Samuel Peer, Gwendolyn Prince
Although Child Protective Services (CPS) and other child welfare agencies aim to prevent further maltreatment in cases of child abuse and neglect, recidivism is common. Having a better understanding of recidivism predictors could aid in preventing additional instances of maltreatment. A previous study identified two CPS interventions that predicted recidivism: psychotherapy for the parent, which was related to a reduced risk of recidivism, and temporary removal of the child from the parent's custody, which was related to an increased recidivism risk...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285053/individualized-homeopathy-a-consideration-of-its-relationship-to-psychotherapy
#17
Jonathan Davidson, Wayne Jonas
OBJECTIVES: The benefit and potential mechanisms of action of homeopathy have long been debated. Almost entirely neglected has been the study of individualized homeopathy (IH) as a form of psychotherapy, which incorporates factors that are common to most therapies while using processes that are specific to IH. METHODS: Recent research into the therapeutic components of IH is reviewed; similarities and differences between IH and other forms of psychotherapy are also described...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267500/the-relationship-of-body-image-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-during-outpatient-psychotherapy-results-of-the-antop-study
#18
Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Beate Wild, Peter Martus, Katrin Giel, Gaby Resmark, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Martin Teufel, Martina de Zwaan, Andreas Dinkel, Stephan Herpertz, Markus Burgmer, Sefik Tagay, Eva Rothermund, Almut Zeeck, Katrin Ziser, Wolfgang Herzog, Bernd Löwe
Body image disturbance represents a central characteristic of anorexia nervosa (AN). Depression and anxiety are the most common mental comorbidities in patients with AN. This study aims to investigate the relationship of body image with symptoms of depression and anxiety during outpatient psychotherapy in AN. Analyses were conducted using the data set of the Anorexia Nervosa Treatment Outpatient Study (ANTOP) randomized controlled trial. The ANTOP study included N = 242 females with AN between 18 and 56 years of age...
June 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160543/therapist-effects-on-and-predictors-of-non-consensual-dropout-in-psychotherapy
#19
Dirk Zimmermann, Julian Rubel, Andrew C Page, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Whereas therapist effects on outcome have been a research topic for several years, the influence of therapists on premature treatment termination (dropout) has hardly been investigated. Since dropout is common during psychological treatment, and its occurrence has important implications for both the individual patient and the healthcare system, it is important to identify the factors associated with it. METHOD: Participants included 707 patients in outpatient psychotherapy treated by 66 therapists...
May 10, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031080/childhood-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-real-world-veterans-affairs-clinic-examining-treatment-preferences-and-dropout
#20
Shannon R Miles, Karin E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has promoted large-scale dissemination efforts of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In spite of efforts to make gold-standard treatments available to veterans, few veterans with PTSD receive a full course of psychotherapy. It is unclear if type of trauma experienced is related to treatment initiation and completion. This study aimed to identify patient factors, including experiencing childhood trauma that related to treatment preferences and dropout in a real-world VA PTSD clinic...
July 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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