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Common factors psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#1
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769065/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-treatment-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-stroke-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Majed Al Yami, Sawsan Kurdi, David Rhys Axon
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common psychiatric conditions among stroke survivors and is associated with several negative health outcomes. However, little is known about the depression treatment patterns among stroke survivors. The objective of this study was to examine national-level prevalence, patterns and predictors of depression treatment among community-dwelling stroke survivors. METHODS: This study adopted a retrospective, cross-sectional study design using multiple years of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) (2002-2012) data...
May 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764988/you-ve-made-the-diagnosis-of-functional-neurological-disorder-now-what
#3
EDITORIAL
Caitlin Adams, Jordan Anderson, Elizabeth N Madva, W Curt LaFrance, David L Perez
Patients with functional neurological disorders (FND)/conversion disorder commonly present to outpatient clinics. FND is now a 'rule in' diagnosis based on neurological examination findings and semiological features. While neurologists may be more comfortable diagnosing patients with FND, there is only limited guidance as to how to conduct follow-up outpatient visits. Using clinical vignettes, we provide practical suggestions that may help guide clinical encounters including how to: (1) explore illness beliefs openly; (2) enquire longitudinally about predisposing vulnerabilities, acute precipitants and perpetuating factors that may be further elucidated over time; (3) facilitate psychotherapy engagement by actively listening for potentially unhelpful or maladaptive patterns of thoughts, behaviours, fears or psychosocial stressors that can be reflected back to the patient and (4) enquire about the fidelity of individual treatments and educate other providers who may be less familiar with FND...
May 15, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721499/predictors-of-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-among-patients-with-panic-disorder-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#4
Sei Ogawa, Masaki Kondo, Keiko Ino, Risa Imai, Toshitaka Ii, Toshi A Furukawa, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: Many patients with panic disorder meet criteria for at least one other diagnosis, most commonly other anxiety or mood disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best empirically supported psychotherapy for panic disorder. There is now evidence indicating that cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder yields positive benefits upon comorbid disorders. Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the predictors of broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701330/marriage-and-family-therapy-students-experience-with-common-factors-training
#5
Stephen T Fife, Carissa D'Aniello, Sarah Scott, Erin Sullivan
With the increased empirical and theoretical support for common factors in the psychotherapy literature, marriage and family therapy (MFT) scholars have begun discussing the inclusion of common factors in MFT training. However, there is very little empirical research on common factors training or how to include common factors in MFT curricula. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate MFT students' experience with common factors training. Seventeen master's degree students who received training in common factors participated in the study...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688573/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-co-occurring-depression-and-alcohol-dependence
#6
REVIEW
Roberta Agabio, Emanuela Trogu, Pier Paolo Pani
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem characterized by recidivism, and medical and psychosocial complications. The co-occurrence of major depression in people entering treatment for alcohol dependence is common, and represents a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, which negatively influences treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of antidepressants for the treatment of people with co-occurring depression and alcohol dependence...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682577/common-issues-seen-in-paediatric-diabetes-clinics-psychological-formulations-and-related-approaches-to-management
#7
REVIEW
Asma Deeb, Mariette Akle, Abdulla Al Ozairi, Fergus Cameron
Diabetes is a chronic disease and its management is associated with multiple challenges. This is particularly the case in children and adolescents. Factors that contribute to difficulties in managing diabetes in youth include psychological characteristics, family dynamics, and social behavior. The purpose of this article is to highlight some psychological issues in children and adolescents with diabetes. We aim to present selected case scenarios encountered by health professionals and to provide tips on strategies for managing psychological aspect of diabetes...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656030/post-stroke-depression-the-sequelae-of-cerebral-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Jyotirekha Das, G K Rajanikant
Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common mental health issue, afflicting around 33% of stroke survivors. PSD has a negative impact on the rehabilitation, recuperation of motor and cognitive deficits following stroke and significantly increases the chances of relapsing neurovascular events. It has been demonstrated that biological and psychological factors have a significant role in PSD. Numerous endeavors have been made to discover the risk factors and predictors of PSD. Screening and diagnosis also have gained attention; however, a suitable tool is yet to be developed...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614992/a-research-study-review-of-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-psychiatric-conditions-common-to-end-stage-cancer-patients-needs-assessment-for-future-research-and-an-impassioned-plea
#9
Ralph J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients (delirium, depression, anxiety disorders) remain unchanged. However, patient numbers have increased as the population has aged; indeed, cancer is a chief cause of mortality and morbidity in older populations. Effectiveness of psychiatric interventions and research to evaluate, inform, and improve interventions is critical to these patients' care. This article's intent is to report results from a recent review study on the effectiveness of interventions for psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients; the review study assessed the state of research regarding treatment effectiveness...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600952/generalized-multiplicative-model-for-assessing-outcome-in-psychotherapy-subjective-well-being
#10
Irina G Malkina-Pykh
The study presents the performance of generalized multiplicative model (GMultM) for assessing outcome in psychotherapy. GMultM is a flexible nonlinear regression method which is able to predict the impact of subjects' psychological variables (common factors such as inner directedness, time competence, sociotropy, and perfectionism, locus of control, body dissatisfaction, neuroticism, and alexithymia) as well as their changes on the outcome of psychotherapy. This nonlinear regression model including interaction effects among predictors has a higher explanatory power to predict treatment outcome, compared to any linear model...
April 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574725/personal-risk-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-psychotherapists-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Gabrielle K Simionato, Susan Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Emotionally taxing job demands place psychotherapists at risk for burnout, often to the detriment of the therapist, clients, and the profession of psychotherapy (Maslach, 2007). The aim of the present systematic review was to (a) explore the levels of both burnout and job stress in psychotherapists, (b) identify tools used to measure work-related stress and burnout, and (c) identify personal risk factors for developing burnout among psychotherapists. METHOD: Databases PsycINFO, Medline, EMBASE, ASSIA, and CINHAL were searched...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565623/responding-to-gender-and-sexual-minority-stress-with-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#12
Matthew D Skinta, Brandon Hoeflein, Amanda M Muñoz-Martínez, C Lucía Rincón
Despite an overwhelming literature detailing the impact of societal bias on the well-being and relationships of gender and sexual minority clients, as well as greater rates of help-seeking from mental health professionals, recent advances in minority stress research have not been fully incorporated into clinical practice. Minority stress factors such as internalized stigma, rejection sensitivity, and concealment interfere with vulnerable and intimate relationships, and likely contribute to the transdiagnostic challenges that GSM clients report, such as loneliness and social isolation (Mereish & Poteat, 2015)...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565621/psychotherapy-with-american-indians-an-exploration-of-therapist-rated-techniques-in-three-urban-clinics
#13
Mark Beitel, Laurelle L Myhra, Joseph P Gone, Jacques P Barber, Alyssa Miller, Aaron Rasband, Christopher J Cutter, Richard S Schottenfeld, Declan T Barry
The aim of the project was to conduct psychotherapy research in American Indian mental health clinics. To date, very little psychotherapy research has been conducted in this area. We report the findings from a multisite investigation of psychotherapy techniques used with American Indians. Psychotherapists, working in three American Indian clinics, were asked to self-report the therapeutic interventions that they used in sessions with 93 separate adult American Indian outpatients. Each therapist rated each client exactly once, and thus data on 93 sessions were collected...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565617/extending-the-context-responsive-psychotherapy-integration-framework-to-cultural-processes-in-psychotherapy
#14
Brien J Goodwin, Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino
Psychotherapist competence in attending to cultural processes has long been considered an ingredient of successful treatment. Although some research findings support a positive association between clinician multicultural competence (MCC) and client improvement, others suggest that MCC may not be a skill that therapists uniformly acquire and then stably maintain. Rather, MCC is likely more fluid and contextualized, potentially rendering within-therapist variability across their patients and within-dyad variability across different moments in a given case...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528183/positive-emotion-in-distress-as-a-potentially-effective-emotion-regulation-strategy-for-depression-a-preliminary-investigation
#15
Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
March 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527408/clinicians-personal-theories-of-developmental-disorders-explain-their-judgments-of-effectiveness-of-interventions
#16
Leontien de Kwaadsteniet, York Hagmayer
Evidence-based psychotherapy requires clinicians to consider theories of psychopathology and evidence about effectiveness, and their experience when choosing interventions. Research on clinical decision making indicates that clinicians' theories of disorders might be personal and inform judgments and choices beyond current scientific theory and evidence. We asked 20 child therapists to draw models of how they believed that biological, psychological, environmental, and behavioral factors interact to cause and maintain four common developmental disorders...
March 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520535/attitudes-of-austrian-psychotherapists-towards-process-and-outcome-monitoring
#17
Tim Kaiser, Lisa Schmutzhart, Anton-Rupert Laireiter
While monitoring systems in psychotherapy have become more common, little is known about the attitudes that mental health practitioners have towards these systems. In an online survey among 111 Austrian psychotherapists and trainees, attitudes towards therapy monitoring were measured. A well-validated questionnaire measuring attitudes towards outcome monitoring, the Outcome Measurement Questionnaire, was used. Clinicians' theoretical orientations as well as previous knowledge and experience with monitoring systems were associated with positive attitudes towards monitoring...
March 8, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515647/treatment-expectancy-working-alliance-and-outcome-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents
#18
Veronica Kirsch, Ferdinand Keller, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
Background: It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration. However, the effects of TE in psychotherapy with children, adolescents and their caregivers are mostly unknown. Due to characteristics of the disorder such as avoidant behavior, common factors may be especially important in evidence-based treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), e...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507908/understanding-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-based-on-psychological-aspects
#19
Moon-Jong Kim, Hong-Seop Kho
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain condition characterised by a persistent burning sensation in clinically normal oral mucosa. BMS most commonly occurs in middleaged and elderly women. Various local and systemic factors can cause oral burning symptoms. When all possible local and systemic factors are excluded, burning mouth symptoms can be diagnosed as BMS. Psychophysical tests and histopathological data suggest the involvement of peripheral and central neuropathic mechanisms in BMS etiopathogenesis...
2018: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480783/psychodynamic-psychiatry-in-the-21st-century-constructing-a-comprehensive-science-of-experience
#20
Yakov Shapiro
Psychodynamic psychiatry is not limited to psychotherapy practice. It is defined by systematic attention to the "common factors" underlying both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology outcomes, which include the patient's subjective systems of meaning and the complex flow of the patient-provider relationship in addition to the patient's "objective" psychopathology. It allows for a non-reductionist milieu where the meaning of the illness and the full complexity of the treatment process can be explored in order to achieve a qualitative and lasting change in the patient's psychopathology...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
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