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Occupational asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346343/asthma-mortality-among-persons-aged-15-64-years-by-industry-and-occupation-united-states-1999-2016
#1
Opal Patel, Girija Syamlal, John Wood, Katelynn E Dodd, Jacek M Mazurek
In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396 adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%-21% of asthma deaths might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality among persons aged 15-64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death data† for 1999-2016 and industry and occupation information collected from 26 states§ for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007-2012. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs)¶ for asthma among persons aged 15-64 years were calculated...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342450/occupational-allergic-respiratory-disease-rinoconjunctivitis-and-asthma-in-a-cheese-factory-worker
#2
Elisa Gómez Torrijos, Carmen García Rodriguez, Beatriz Veleiro Pérez, Borja Bartolomé, Marcos Prado Barragan, Rosa Garcia Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310764/reducing-environmental-allergic-triggers-policy-issues
#3
Stuart L Abramson
The implementation of policies to reduce environmental allergic triggers can be an important adjunct to optimal patient care for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Policies at the local level in schools and other public as well as private buildings can make an impact on disease morbidity. Occupational exposures for allergens have not yet been met with the same rigorous policy standards applied for exposures to toxicants by Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Further benefit may be obtained through policies by local, county, state, and national governments, and possibly through international cooperative agreements...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300533/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-mannitol-challenge-in-a-workplace-setting-for-assessing-asthma-prevalence
#4
Marcelo B de Menezes, Erica Ferraz, John D Brannan, Edson Z Martinez, Elcio O Vianna
OBJECTIVE: There is no standard definition of asthma for epidemiological purposes; most surveys use symptoms and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Few studies tested mannitol challenge test (MCT) in occupational settings. We sought to determine efficacy and safety of MCT in detecting subjects with asthma symptoms in the workplace. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we recruited 908 workers in 2 universities; they underwent a respiratory questionnaire, spirometry, skin prick tests, and MCT...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290513/efficacy-of-omalizumab-treatment-in-a-man-with-occupational-asthma-and-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangioitis
#5
Cristiano Caruso, Giorgia Gencarelli, Francesco Gaeta, Rocco Luigi Valluzzi, Gabriele Rumi, Antonino Romano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284253/risk-factors-for-work-related-eczema-and-urticaria-among-vocational-students-of-agriculture
#6
Radosław Śpiewak, Anna Góra-Florek, Andrzej Horoch, Mirosław J Jarosz, Agnieszka Doryńska, Marcin Golec, Jacek Dutkiewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Farmers are at high risk of occupational skin diseases which may start already during vocational training. This study was aimed at identification of risk factors for work-related skin diseases among vocational students of agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 440 students (245 males, 195 females aged 17-21 years) in 11 vocational schools which were at least 100 km from each other. The protocol included a physician-managed questionnaire and medical examination, skin prick tests, patch tests, total IgE and Phadiatop...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244031/transition-and-post-transition-metals-in-exhaled-breath-condensate
#7
Andrew Ghio, Michael C Madden, Charles R Esther
Water vapor in expired air, as well as dispersed non-volatile components, condense onto a cooler surface after exiting the respiratory tract. This exhaled breath condensate (EBC) provides a dilute sampling of the epithelial lining fluid. Accordingly, the collection of EBC imparts a capacity to provide biomarkers of injury preceding clinical disease. Concentrations of transition and post-transition metals in EBC are included among these endpoints. Iron and zinc are those metals in highest concentration and are measurable in all EBC samples from healthy subjects; other metals are most frequently either at or below the level of detection in this group...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237258/diagnosis-and-management-of-moderate-to-severe-adult-atopic-dermatitis-a-consensus-by-the-italian-society-of-dermatology-and-venereology-sidemast-the-italian-association-of-hospital-dermatologists-adoi-the-italian-society-of-allergy-asthma-and-clinical-immunology
#8
Piergiacomo Calzavara Pinton, Antonio Cristaudo, Caterina Foti, Giorgio W Canonica, Nicola Balato, Antonio Costanzo, Ornella DE Pità, Clara DE Simone, Cataldo Patruno, Giovanni Pellacani, Ketty Peris, Giampiero Girolomoni
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease, currently recognized as a systemic disease possibly burdened by various comorbidities, including, but not limited to, other allergic conditions. Management guidelines issued by American and European dermatology and allergy scientific societies are available. However, some discrepancies exist in these guidelines, and some aspects of the management process, including diagnosis and severity assessment, as well as therapy duration and switch criteria, are not fully clarified by existing guidelines...
December 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211547/prenatal-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-asthma-eczema-hay-fever-and-frequent-ear-infections
#9
Margaret Parker-Lalomio, Kenneth McCann, Julie Piorkowski, Sally Freels, Victoria W Persky
OBJECTIVES: The effects of prenatal exposure to Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on the development of asthma, frequent ear infections, and eczema/hay fever are not well understood. We aim to investigate associations between prenatal PCB exposure and these health outcomes in the offspring of women who worked at the LaSalle Electrical Utilities Company (EUC). METHODS: A retrospective cohort with at least one live birth and known employment time at EUC was eligible for this analysis...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206638/work-related-asthma-in-a-sample-of-subjects-with-established-asthma
#10
Donatella Talini, Alessandro Ciberti, Dusca Bartoli, Paolo Del Guerra, Tonina Enza Iaia, Maria Lemmi, Andrea Innocenti, Francesco Di Pede, Manuela Latorre, Laura Carrozzi, Pierluigi Paggiaro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of occupational exposure to irritants or sensitizers on the occurrence, recrudescence and worsening of asthma and to identify unrecognized cases of work related asthma (WRA) including Work-Exacerbated Asthma (WEA) and Occupational Asthma (OA), in a general asthma clinic population sample. SETTING, DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was a population-based cross sectional survey. 1289 asthmatic subjects (from 15 to 46 yrs old) living in a vast district of Tuscany (Italy) were identified from the Medical Reimbursement Register of the National Health System...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206001/current-care-guideline-patient-exposed-to-moisture-damage
#11
(no author information available yet)
Moisture damages and dampness in buildings is a risk factor for respiratory symptoms and development of asthma. Diagnostics and care of the patients must be based on general guidelines, regardless of potential moisture damage in home or work place. No laboratory or other clinical tests exist that can be used to associate potential moisture damage to perceived symptoms of the patient. Buildings affected by moisture damages should be remediated, because it is likely to be beneficial to health of the occupants and other users and for the condition of the building...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200315/psychosocial-working-conditions-as-determinants-of-asthma-self-management-at-work-a-systematic-review
#12
Katherina Heinrichs, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exerts a considerable impact on patients and their employers. While adequate self-management is able to improve patients' prognosis, its actual implementation in everyday life may depend on contextual factors. We aimed to review the literature on the potential determinants of asthma self-management at the workplace. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched Medline and PsycINFO using terms related to the key concepts of interest (i.e., adult asthma, working conditions, and self-management)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200135/incidence-of-occupational-asthma-and-exposure-to-toluene-diisocyanate-in-the-united-states-toluene-diisocyanate-production-industry
#13
James J Collins, Steve Anteau, Patrick R Conner, Laura D Cassidy, Brent Doney, Mei Lin Wang, Laura Kurth, Michael Carson, Don Molenaar, Carrie A Redlich, Eileen Storey
OBJECTIVE: This study examines asthma risk in facilities producing toluene diisocyanate (TDI). METHODS: A total of 197 workers were monitored from 2007 to 2012. TDI air concentrations were used to estimate exposures. RESULTS: The incidence of cases consistent with TDI-induced asthma was 0.009 per person-years (seven cases) or consistent with TDI-induced asthma or asthma indeterminate regarding work-relatedness was 0.012 (nine cases). Increased risk of cases consistent with TDI asthma was observed for cumulative (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200134/medical-monitoring-for-occupational-asthma-among-toluene-diisocyanate-production-workers-in-the-united-states
#14
Laura D Cassidy, Brent Doney, Mei Lin Wang, Laura Kurth, Patrick R Conner, James J Collins, Michael Carson, Don Molenaar, Carrie A Redlich, Eileen Storey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a study of medical monitoring methods and lessons learned in detecting health outcomes in U.S. plants producing toluene diisocyanate (TDI). METHODS: A multidisciplinary team implemented a medical and environmental monitoring program in three TDI plants. RESULTS: Of 269 eligible workers, 197 (73%) participated and 42 (21%) met symptom and/or lung function criteria that would trigger evaluation for possible asthma over 5 years of data collection...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200133/toluene-diisocyanate-exposure-exposure-assessment-and-development-of-cross-facility-similar-exposure-groups-among-toluene-diisocyanate-production-plants
#15
Paul J Middendorf, William Miller, Tim Feeley, Brent Doney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize workplace toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposures using standardized industrial hygiene exposure assessment procedures for use in a prospective epidemiologic study of occupational asthma. METHODS: Over 2300 representative routine full shift time-weighted average (TWA) and short-term high potential exposure tasks (HPETs) air samples in groups across three TDI plants were collected over a nearly 7-year period...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199966/occupational-asthma-and-urticaria-in-a-fishmonger-due-to-creatine-kinase-a-cross-reactive-fish-allergen
#16
X Larco-Rojas, M L González-Gutiérrez, S Vázquez-Cortés, B Bartolomé, C Pastor-Vargas, M Fernández-Rivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175990/prevalence-of-occupational-exposure-to-asthmagens-derived-from-animals-fish-and-or-shellfish-among-australian-workers
#17
Sonia El-Zaemey, Renee N Carey, Ellie Darcey, Alison Reid, Deborah Catherine Glass, Geza P Benke, Tim R Driscoll, Susan Peters, Si Si, Michael J Abramson, Lin Fritschi
OBJECTIVE: Several animal, fish and/or shellfish derived substances encountered in the workplace can initiate or exacerbate asthma. The aims of this study were: to produce a population-based estimate of the current prevalence of occupational exposure to animal, fish and/or shellfish derived asthmagens, to identify the main circumstances of exposures and to identify occupations with the highest proportions of exposed respondents. METHODS: We used data from the Australian Work Exposure Study-Asthma, a national telephone survey that investigated the current prevalence of occupational exposure to asthmagens among Australian workers...
November 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175989/3-bromomethyl-2-chloro-4-methylsulfonyl-benzoic-acid-a-new-cause-of-sensitiser-induced-occupational-asthma-rhinitis-and-urticaria
#18
Hille Suojalehto, Kirsi Karvala, Saana Ahonen, Katriina Ylinen, Liisa Airaksinen, Katri Suuronen, Sari Suomela, Irmeli Lindström
OBJECTIVES: 3-(Bromomethyl)-2-chloro-4-(methylsulfonyl)-benzoic acid (BCMBA) has not previously been identified as a respiratory sensitiser. We detected two cases who presented respiratory and urticaria symptoms related to BCMBA and had positive skin prick tests to the agent. Subsequently, we conducted outbreak investigations at the BCMBA-producing factory and performed clinical examinations to confirm occupational diseases. METHODS: The outbreak investigations included observations of work processes, assessment of exposure, a medical survey with a questionnaire and skin prick tests with 0...
November 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172161/urban-upbringing-and-childhood-respiratory-and-allergic-conditions-a-multi-country-holistic-study
#19
Christina Tischer, Payam Dadvand, Xavier Basagana, Elaine Fuertes, Anna Bergström, Olena Gruzieva, Erik Melen, Dietrich Berdel, Joachim Heinrich, Sibylle Koletzko, Iana Markevych, Marie Standl, Dorothea Sugiri, Lourdes Cirugeda, Marisa Estarlich, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Amparo Ferrero, Jesus Ibarlueza, Aitana Lertxundi, Adonina Tardón, Jordi Sunyer, Josep M Anto
OBJECTIVE: We integratively assessed the effect of different indoor and outdoor environmental exposures early in life on respiratory and allergic health conditions among children from (sub-) urban areas. METHODS: This study included children participating in four ongoing European birth cohorts located in three different geographical regions: INMA (Spain), LISAplus (Germany), GINIplus (Germany) and BAMSE (Sweden). Wheezing, bronchitis, asthma and allergic rhinitis throughout childhood were assessed using parental-completed questionnaires...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167298/prevalence-and-burden-of-chronic-bronchitis-symptoms-results-from-the-bold-study
#20
Filip Mejza, Louisa Gnatiuc, A Sonia Buist, William M Vollmer, Bernd Lamprecht, Daniel O Obaseki, Pawel Nastalek, Ewa Nizankowska-Mogilnicka, Peter G J Burney
We studied the prevalence, burden and potential risk factors for chronic bronchitis symptoms in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study.Representative population-based samples of adults aged ≥40 years were selected in participating sites. Participants completed questionnaires and spirometry. Chronic bronchitis symptoms were defined as chronic cough and phlegm on most days for ≥3 months each year for ≥2 years.Data from 24 855 subjects from 33 sites in 29 countries were analysed. There were significant differences in the prevalence of self-reported symptoms meeting our definition of chronic bronchitis across sites, from 10...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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