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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320077/marginal-ulcers-after-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-a-survey-of-surgeons
#1
K K Mahawar, A N Reed, Y N H Graham
Many surgeons believe that one anastomosis (mini) gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB) is associated with a high marginal ulcer (MU) rate and that this is associated with complications in a significant number of patients. The purpose of this survey was to find out the participant-reported incidence of MU after OAGB/MGB and its complications. We also aimed to understand practices in this cohort concerning prophylaxis, diagnosis, treatment and management of complications. Bariatric surgeons who perform OAGB/MGB procedures were invited to participate in a confidential, online survey using SurveyMonkey®...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316323/a-rare-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-chronic-thrombosis-of-the-splenic-artery
#2
Sevtap Arslan, Mehmet Ruhi Onur, Erhan Akpınar
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) represents one of the most serious conditions of the gastrointestinal tract with a mortality rate of 10%. The main cause of UGIB is peptic ulcer, accounting for 28%-59% of cases. A rare cause of UGIB is submucosal arterial collaterals, which develop after splenic artery thrombosis. UGIB secondary to gastric submucosal collateral arteries should be considered in patients with endoscopic appearance of varicose veins in the absence of portal hypertension. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the only fast and noninvasive definitive imaging technique for such patients...
March 17, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315586/sucralfate-versus-histamine-2-receptor-antagonists-for-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#3
Mustafa Alquraini, Fayez Alshamsi, Morten Hylander Møller, Emilie Belley-Cote, Saleh Almenawer, Roman Jaeschke, Robert MacLaren, Waleed Alhazzani
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of using sucralfate versus H2RAs for SUP on patient important outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, ACPJC, clinical trials registries, and conference proceedings through June 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing sucralfate to H2RAs for SUP in adult critically ill patients. RESULTS: 21 RCTs enrolling 3121 patients met inclusion criteria. There was no significant difference between sucralfate compared to H2RAs in the risk of clinically important GI bleeding (risk ratio [RR] 1...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303867/-organization-and-results-of-surgical-care-for-ulcerative-gastroduodenal-bleeding-in-the-hospitals-of-central-federal-district
#4
V A Kubyshkin, V P Sazhin, A V Fedorov, G A Krivtsov, I V Sazhin
AIM: To present treatment of 52 149 patients with ulcerative gastroduodenal bleeding (UGDB) who were treated in different regions of Central Federal District (CFD) for the period 2011-2014. It is noted that UGDB incidence per 100 thousands is increased proportionally from 32.9 to 77.8 according to population less than 20 and over 100 thousands, respectively. In hospitals of small and medium settlements the number of UGDB patients without surgery reaches 81.6 and 81.1%, the number of operated patients - 18...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296755/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-burden-in-pediatrics-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Simona Mocanu, Maria Oana Mărginean
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract, comprising mainly Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both of them are frequently encountered in children, being multifactorial conditions, with an unclear etiology. PATIENTS CONCERNS: We present 4 cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children in order to underline the variable evolution depending on the patient's particularities. DIAGNOSIS, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: The first case, a 13-year-old male patient, with a history of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, was admitted for rectal bleeding and weight loss, with normal laboratory parameters...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292662/cytomegalovirus-duodenitis-associated-with-life-threatening-duodenal-hemorrhage-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report
#6
Lucy Shen, David Youssef, Suzan Abu-Abed, Sangita K Malhotra, Kenneth Atkinson, Elena Vikis, George Melich, Shawn MacKenzie
INTRODUCTION: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is known to be opportunistic in immunocompromised patients. However, there have been emerging cases of severe CMV infections found in immunocompetent patients. Gastrointestinal (GI) CMV disease is the most common manifestation affecting immunocompetent patients, with duodenal involvement being exceedingly rare. Presented is a case of an immunocompetent patient with life-threatening bleeding caused by CMV duodenitis, requiring surgical intervention. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old male with history of disseminated Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia and aortic valve infective endocarditis, presented with life-threatening upper GI hemorrhage...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287292/-long-term-results-after-invasive-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia
#7
Zoltán Ruzsa, Ferenc Kuti, Balázs Berta, Károly Tóth, Zoltán Bánsághi, Zoltán Vámosi, Kálmán Hüttl
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Surgical tibial bypass for critical limb ischemia is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and graft failure, whereas percutaneous angioplasty and stenting has promising results. The objective of this study was the investigation of the long term results of below-knee percutaneous angioplasty for restoring straight inline arterial flow in patients with critical limb ischemia. METHOD: The clinical and angiographic data of 281 consecutive patients with critical limb ischemia treated by PTA between 2008 and 2011 was evaluated in a prospective register...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286937/early-versus-late-bedside-endoscopy-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-critically-ill-patients
#8
Jee Hyun Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a life-threatening complication in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of bedside endoscopy in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and to compare the outcomes of early endoscopy (within 24 hours of detecting GI bleeding) with late endoscopy (after 24 hours). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent bedside endoscopy for nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and lower GI bleeding that occurred after ICU admission at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2010 to May 2015...
March 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284020/frenotomy-for-tongue-tie-in-newborn-infants
#9
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283237/duodenal-ulcers-are-a-major-cause-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-after-cardiac-surgery
#10
Frances Krawiec, Andrew Maitland, Qiuli Duan, Peter Faris, Paul J Belletrutti, William D T Kent
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients after cardiac surgery, assess the perioperative risk factors, and determine the type of GI tract pathology associated with bleeding events. METHODS: At a tertiary referral hospital, all cardiac surgery patients having a postoperative GI bleed from April 2002 to March 2012 were identified. To determine bleeding etiology, only patients requiring endoscopy were included in the analysis...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281485/laparoscopic-resection-of-duodenal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#11
Tammy Zioni, Vitaliy Dizengof, Boris Kirshtein
Only a few studies have revealed using laparoscopic technique with limited resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) of the duodenum. A 68-year-old man was admitted to the hospital due to upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Evaluation revealed an ulcerated, bleeding GI tumour in the second part of the duodenum. After control of bleeding during gastroduodenoscopy, he underwent a laparoscopic wedge resection of the area. During 1.5 years of follow-up, the patient is disease free, eats drinks well, and has regained weight...
April 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278439/a-case-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-a-bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-diagnosed-pre-operatively-by-double-balloon-endoscopy
#12
Toshio Shiraishi, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION:  Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a congenital true diverticulum that is residual yolk duct tissue, and some cases with complications require surgery. It has been reported that laparoscopic surgery is effective for patients with an MD. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 79-year-old man with melena visited our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal series and colonoscopy showed no bleeding lesion. Double-balloon endoscopy was then performed to examine the small intestine...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275298/jianpi-qingchang-decoction-alleviates-ulcerative-colitis-by-inhibiting-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#13
Lie Zheng, Ya-Li Zhang, Yan-Cheng Dai, Xuan Chen, De-Liang Chen, Yue-Ting Dai, Zhi-Peng Tang
AIM: To investigate the therapeutic effect of Jianpi Qingchang decoction (JPQCD) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) in mice. METHODS: C57BL/c mice were injected intragastrically with 5% DSS instead of drinking water for 7 d, and their body weight, diarrhea severity and fecal bleeding were monitored, while the mice in the control group were treated with standard drinking water, without DSS. After 7 d, the DSS drinking water was changed to normal water and the DSS group continued with DSS water...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275018/brunner-s-gland-hamartoma-a-rare-cause-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia-and-report-of-an-adapted-colonic-polyp-resection-technique
#14
Stephanie Judd, Suhag Patel, Edi Levi, Fadi Antaki
A man aged 65 years presented with symptomatic anaemia without overt gastrointestinal bleeding. An oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed and he was found to have a large ulcerated pedunculated Brunner's gland hamartoma in the duodenal bulb. The polyp was resected using snare cautery in forward and retroflexed positions. Colonoscopy was also performed and a few diminutive polyps were resected. A year later, the patient returned for a surveillance EGD, and no residual polyp was noted. Haemoglobin and iron studies normalised within a few months after polypectomy, with resolution of symptoms...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270041/bleeding-gastric-and-duodenal-ulcers-case-control-study-comparing-angioembolization-and-surgery
#15
Taina Nykänen, Erno Peltola, Leena Kylänpää, Marianne Udd
OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety, efficacy and feasibility of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) and surgery in the treatment of bleeding gastric and duodenal ulcers (BGDUs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised patients receiving TAE or surgery for BGDUs after failed endoscopic hemostasis in Helsinki University Hospital (HUH) during 2000-2015. Hospital medical records provided study data. 30-d mortality and rebleeding rates were the primary outcomes...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267236/effect-of-vonoprazan-on-the-treatment-of-artificial-gastric-ulcers-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Izumi Tsuchiya, Yuri Kato, Emiko Tanida, Yoshifumi Masui, Shingo Kato, Atsushi Nakajima, Motoyoshi Izumi
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitors are effective for the treatment of gastric ulcers after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). However, the most excellent therapy is controversial. Vonoprazan, an active potassium-competitive acid blocker, has a strong gastric acid secretion inhibitory effect, but its efficacy for the treatment of post-ESD gastric ulcers is unclear. Herein, we aimed to determine the healing effect of vonoprazan on post-ESD gastric ulcers. METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized controlled trial examining 92 patients who had undergone ESD for the treatment of gastric neoplasms between April 2015 and June 2016 at our hospital...
March 7, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266293/emergency-pancreatico-duodenectomy-with-superior-mesenteric-and-portal-vein-resection-and-reconstruction-using-a-gore-tex-vascular-graft
#17
Mihai Adrian Eftimie, Vasile Lungu, Marian Tudoroiu, Genady Vatachki, Severina Batca, Leonard David
Emergency pancreatico-duodenectomy(EPD) is a very rare procedure and few reports are present in medical literature. It is an uncommon approach, usually used for emergency surgical treatment of abdominal trauma that involves the head of the pancreas or the duodenum, but it is also a surgical tool for the treatment of ruptured aneurysms, bleeding pseudocysts, duodenal perforations, uncontrollable hemorrhage from ulcers and tumors, severe infectious complications of acute pancreatitis or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography related complications (1,2)...
January 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263162/-duodenal-lipoma-is-a-rare-cause-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#18
Kimie Ødorf, Svend Knuthsen
Lipomas of the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare, slow-growing and most often asymptomatic tumours. They are composed of highly differentiated fat cells surrounded by a fibrous capsule. Tumours larger than 2 cm can produce symptoms of abdominal pain and discomfort or cause anaemia due to ulceration and bleeding, or intestinal obstruction due to intussusception. This is a case report of a 73-year-old man with a bleeding duodenal lipoma situated at the papilla duodeni major which caused difficulty in the diagnostic process, and the endoscopic visualization raised suspicion of cancer of the papilla...
March 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262530/comparison-of-heater-probe-coagulation-and-argon-plasma-coagulation-in-the-management-of-mallory-weiss-tears-and-high-risk-ulcer-bleeding
#19
Mete Akin, Erhan Alkan, Yasar Tuna, Tolga Yalcinkaya, Bulent Yildirim
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common medical emergency. Endoscopic treatments often lead to better therapeutic outcomes than conventional conservative treatments. This study aimed to investigate and compare the use of heater probe coagulation (HPC) and argon plasma coagulation (APC) together with epinephrine injection for the treatment of Mallory-Weiss tears and high-risk ulcer bleeding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 97 patients (54 in the HPC group and 43 in the APC group) who were diagnosed with upper GI bleeding secondary to a Mallory-Weiss tear or high-risk gastric or duodenal ulcers were included in the study...
March 2, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260184/co2-laser-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-with-exposed-bone-a-consecutive-series-of-type-2-diabetic-patients
#20
M Monami, C Mirabella, A Scatena, B Nreu, S Zannoni, S Aleffi, L Giannoni, E Mannucci
AIM: The treatment of foot ulcers with exposed bone is challenging, because of the risk of infection and of difficulties in the development of granulation tissue. A CO2 laser beam could be used to produce discontinuities in periosteum, allowing the exposure of blood containing multipotent stem cells, capable of initiating the healing process. The local application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed as a therapeutic tool for accelerating healing in foot ulcers, including those in patients with diabetes...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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