keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bleeding ulcer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930533/association-of-vagus-nerve-severance-and-decreased-risk-of-subsequent-type-2-diabetes-in-peptic-ulcer-patients-an-asian-population-cohort-study
#1
Shih-Chi Wu, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Chu-Wen Fang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Chung Y Hsu
Vagus nerve may play a role in serum glucose modulation. The complicated peptic ulcer patients (with perforation or/and bleeding) who received surgical procedures with or without vagotomy provided 2 patient populations for studying the impact of vagus nerve integrity. We assessed the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in peptic ulcer patients without and with complications by surgical treatment received in a retrospective population study using the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan.A cohort of 163,385 patients with peptic ulcer and without Helicobacter pylori infection in 2000 to 2003 was established...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928455/effects-of-esomeprazole-on-the-healing-process-of-post-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-gastric-ulcers-a-single-arm-prospective-trial
#2
Takashi Ichida, Fumihiko Kusano, Yoshinori Sakai
Objectives: Gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is currently a standard procedure. ESD enables en-bloc resection of large lesions, while inducing larger artificial ulcers to a greater extent than conventional procedures. Several studies have reported that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) prevent delayed bleeding and expedite the artificial ulcer healing process. Esomeprazole, an S-isomer of omeprazole, is reportedly one of strongest inhibitors of gastric acid secretion. Previous studies have examined the effectiveness of esomeprazole...
2016: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924367/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-acute-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-intestinal-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#3
Jihye Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Yong Eun Park, Yoon Jee Lee, Hyun Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Intestinal Behçet's disease (BD) can cause acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding, which is sometimes fatal. AIM: We aimed to identify the risk factors and outcomes of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding and factors associated with rebleeding in intestinal BD patients. METHODS: Of the total of 588 intestinal BD patients, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 66 (11.2%) patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding and compared them with those of 132 matched patients without bleeding...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922030/histamine-2-receptor-antagonist-cannot-prevent-recurrent-peptic-ulcers-in-patients-with-atherosclerotic-diseases-who-receive-platelet-adp-receptor-antagonist-monotherapy-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-and-double-dummy-trial
#4
Ping-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Feng-Woei Tsay, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Chun-Peng Liu, Kwok-Hung Lai, Wen-Chi Chen, Huay-Min Wang, Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Sung-Shuo Kao
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitor can effectively prevent recurrent peptic ulcers among atherosclerotic patients receiving clopidogrel monotherapy. However, the interaction between proton pump inhibitors and clopidogrel has raised concerns over the safety of combined use of the two medicines in clinical practice. The aims of this randomized-controlled, double-blind and double-dummy trial were to investigate the efficacy of histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) in the prevention of recurrent peptic ulcer in patients undergoing thienopyridine monotherapy...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920700/primary-ewing-sarcoma-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-the-stomach
#5
Safi Khuri, Hayim Gilshtein, Sa'd Sayidaa, Bishara Bishara, Yoram Kluger
Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (ES/PNET) is a tumor of small round cells arising in skeletal tissues. These tumors rarely arise in the stomach. We present a 31-year-old healthy female patient who was admitted to our surgical ward due to upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Upper endoscopy revealed a large ulcerated bleeding mass originating from the lesser curvature. Biopsy revealed tumor cell immunoreactivity positive for CD99, vimentin, and Ki67 (an index of proliferation). These findings were compatible with gastric ES/PNET...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920416/re-evaluating-the-inhibition-of-stress-erosions-revise-a-protocol-for-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Waleed Alhazzani, Gordon Guyatt, John C Marshall, Richard Hall, John Muscedere, Francois Lauzier, Lehana Thabane, Mohammed Alshahrani, Shane W English, Yaseen M Arabi, Adam M Deane, Tim Karachi, Bram Rochwerg, Simon Finfer, Nick Daneman, Nicole Zytaruk, Diane Heel-Ansdell, Deborah Cook, On Behalf Of
INTRODUCTION: Clinicians routinely administer stress ulcer prophylaxis to mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), most commonly prescribing proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from stress ulceration is low and recent observational studies suggest these agents may increase infections. Therefore, a large randomized clinical trial (RCT) is needed to inform modern practice. The aim of this multicenter pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of performing a large RCT to investigate the efficacy and safety of withholding intravenous pantoprazole...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919254/anti-inflammatory-and-in-vitro-antibacterial-activities-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-qingdaisan
#7
Xinghua Zhao, Xin He, Xiuhui Zhong
BACKGROUND: Qingdaisan (Formulated Indigo powder, QDS) are widely used for treatment of aphtha, sore throat and bleeding gums in China. The aim of the study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and dental ulcer therapeutic effects of QDS. METHODS: Dimethylbenzene-induced ear edema test and cotton pellet-induced granuloma test were used to evaluate anti-inflammatory activities of QDS on acute and chronic inflammatory. The healing time and local pathologic changes were used to assess the therapeutic effects of QDS on dental ulcer...
December 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913509/the-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#8
Susan R Kahn
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a frequent, sometimes disabling complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that reduces quality of life and is costly. This article discusses risk factors for PTS after DVT and available means to prevent and treat PTS, with a focus on new information in the field. After DVT, PTS will develop in 20% to 50% of patients, and severe PTS, including venous ulcers, will develop in 5% to 10%. The principal risk factors for PTS are anatomically extensive DVT, recurrent ipsilateral DVT, persistent leg symptoms 1 month after acute DVT, obesity, and older age...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909552/vonoprazan-20-mg-vs-lansoprazole-30-mg-for-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-induced-gastric-ulcers
#9
Kazuya Takahashi, Yuichi Sato, Junji Kohisa, Jun Watanabe, Hiroki Sato, Kenichi Mizuno, Satoru Hashimoto, Shuji Terai
AIM: To compare the healing effects of vonoprazan and lansoprazole on gastric ulcers induced by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). METHODS: Data were obtained from a total of 26 patients. Fourteen patients were randomized to the vonoprazan group and 12 were randomized to the lansoprazole group. Patients were administered either 20 mg vonoprazan or 30 mg lansoprazole per day after ESD. Endoscopic images just after ESD, on day 8, and on day 28 were used for the evaluation of the shrinking rate of ESD ulcers...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906917/efficacy-and-safety-of-tc-325-hemospraytm-for-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-at-middlemore-hospital-the-early-new-zealand-experience
#10
Hannah Giles, Dinesh Lal, Stephen Gerred, Paul Casey, Alasdair Patrick, Derek Luo, Ravinder Ogra
AIMS: A case series to review early experiences with HemosprayTM for a variety of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at Middlemore Hospital. METHODS: HemosprayTM was administered therapeutically as first line or rescue at the discretion of the endoscopist. All cases of UGIB requiring HemosprayTM at Middlemore Hospital were identified to the investigator who undertook analysis of electronic and hard copy notes. RESULTS: Between October 2013 and July 2016, 36 patients were treated endoscopically with HemosprayTM...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905655/-gastrointestinal-bezoars
#11
Ricardo Espinoza González
Gastrointestinal bezoars are a concretion of indigested material that can be found in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and some animals. This material forms an intraluminal mass, more commonly located in the stomach. During a large period of history animal bezoars were considered antidotes to poisons and diseases. We report a historical overview since bezoars stones were thought to have medicinal properties. This magic conception was introduced in South America by Spanish conquerors. In Chile, bezoars are commonly found in a camelid named guanaco (Lama guanicoe)...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905181/effectiveness-of-collagen-oxidised-regenerated-cellulose-silver-containing-composite-wound-dressing-for-the-treatment-of-medium-depth-split-thickness-skin-graft-donor-site-wounds-in-multi-morbid-patients-a-prospective-non-comparative-single-centre-study
#12
Alexander Konstantinow, Tatjana V Fischer, Johannes Ring
Split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) is a widely used method in reconstructive surgery, but donor site wounds (DSWs) are often slow healing and painful. This prospective study evaluated the performance of a composite wound dressing containing collagen/oxidised regenerated cellulose in the treatment of medium-depth (0·4 mm) DSWs in 25 multi-morbid patients with chronic leg ulcers requiring STSG. The range of patients' ages was 44-84 years (mean 71·6 years) with DSW sizes ranging between 12 and 162 cm(2) (mean 78 cm(2) )...
December 1, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896624/autologous-bone-marrow-stem-cell-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis-complicated-with-herpes-zoster-a-case-report
#13
Hang Xiang, Xiaomei Zhang, Chao Yang, Wenhuan Xu, Xin Ge, Rong Zhang, Ya Qiu, Wanjun Sun, Fan Li, Tianyuan Xiang, Haixu Chen, Zheng Wang, Qiang Zeng
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with continuous or recurrent symptoms. A 42-year-old male patient with intermittent diarrhea accompanied by bloody mucopurulent stools was admitted to our hospital. The diagnosis of UC was confirmed by a combination of laboratory examination, colonoscopy, and histological assay. The patient developed herpes zoster in the hospital, which challenged traditional treatments. Therefore, we performed an autologous bone marrow cells to modulate the immune system with his permission...
November 28, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895680/the-role-of-interstitial-brachytherapy-in-the-management-of-primary-radiation-therapy-for-uterine-cervical-cancer
#14
Naoya Murakami, Kazuma Kobayashi, Tomoyasu Kato, Satoshi Nakamura, Akihisa Wakita, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Satoshi Shima, Keisuke Tsuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Ken Harada, Kana Takahashi, Rei Umezawa, Koji Inaba, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Igaki, Jun Itami
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the clinical results of uterine cervical cancer patients treated by primary radiation therapy including brachytherapy, and investigate the role of interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive uterine cervical cancer patients who were treated by primary radiation therapy were reviewed, and those who were treated by ISBT were further investigated for clinical outcomes and related toxicities. RESULTS: From December 2008 to October 2014, 209 consecutive uterine cervical cancer patients were treated with primary radiation therapy...
October 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893694/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-vitamin-k-antagonist-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-with-previous-ulcer-bleeding-long-term-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#15
Seung-Jun Lee, Jung-Hoon Sung, Jin-Bae Kim, Min-Soo Ahn, Hye Young Lee, Jae-Sun Uhm, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Jong-Yun Kim, Boyoung Joung
This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with previous ulcer bleeding.In this multicenter, retrospective analysis, clinical outcomes of 754 AF patients with a history of ulcer bleeding were evaluated. After ulcer treatment, 458 patients (61%) were treated with VKA, and the outcomes were compared to 296 patients (39%) without VKA.VKA treatment significantly increased major bleeding (7.3%/year vs 3.2%/year, P < 0.001), and reduced major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (5...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892894/overuse-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-its-consequences
#16
Marcin Kazberuk, Szymon Brzósko, Tomasz Hryszko, Beata Naumnik
Direct inhibition of H+ ion excretion to the gastric lumen makes proton pump inhibitors (PPI) the most effective drugs against gastric acid-related diseases. Over recent years usage of proton pump inhibitors has increased dramatically. Due to the low costs, high efficacy and rarity of adverse effects, their use is prevalent and often it does not correspond with existing medical guidelines. The literature lists stress ulcer prophylaxis among patients with low risk of bleeding, routine 'gastroprotective' medication during treatment and non-specific abdominal symptoms as the most common patterns of off-label PPI use...
October 14, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891381/post-colonoscopy-ischaemic-colitis-in-a-patient-without-risk-factors-for-colon-ischemia-a-case-report
#17
Dattatray Balasaheb Solanke, Nirav Madhukant Pipaliya, Alisha Nitin Chaubal, Meghraj Ananda Ingle, Prabha Dilip Sawant
Ischaemic colitis is the most common form of intestinal ischaemia and is more common in the elderly and in the people having risk factors for colonic ischaemia. Colonoscopy procedure itself is a rare cause of ischaemic colitis. Fewer than 20 cases of ischaemic colitis caused by colonoscopy procedure have been reported in the english literature till date. This patient presented to us within hours of routine colonoscopy with rectal bleeding and lower abdominal pain. On repeat colonoscopy, the patient had mucosal oedema and ulcerations in the descending colon and sigmoid colon...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889483/classification-surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-gastrogastric-fistula-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#18
Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Gregoire De Courville, Abdenasser Daikha, Konstantinos Arapis, Denis Chosidow, Jean-Pierre Marmuse
BACKGROUND: Gastrogastric fistula (GGF) is a known complication after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass that can lead to marginal ulceration (MU) and failure of weight loss. OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience with GGF management and propose a classification of GGF based on its anatomic location. SETTING: University hospital, France. METHODS: After internal review board approval, data from all patients with a GGF were reviewed...
September 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888865/advances-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#19
Ángel Lanas
The main innovations of the latest meeting of the Gastroenterological Association (2016) concerning upper gastrointestinal bleeding from the clinician's perspective can be summarised as follows: a) The Glasgow-Blatchford scale has the best accuracy in predicting the need for surgical intervention and hospital mortality; b) Prognostic scales for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding are also useful for lower gastrointestinal bleeding; c) Preliminary data suggest that treatment with hemospray does not seem to be superior to current standard treatment in controlling active peptic ulcer bleeding; d) Either famotidine or a proton pump inhibitor may be effective in preventing haemorrhagic recurrence in patients taking aspirin, but this finding needs to be confirmed in further studies; e) There was confirmation of the need to re-introduce antiplatelet therapy as early as possible in patients with antiplatelet-associated gastrointestinal bleeding in order to prevent cardiovascular mortality; f) Routine clinical practice suggests that gastrointestinal or cardiovascular complications with celecoxib or traditional NSAIDs are very low; g) Dabigatran is associated with an increased incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding compared with apixaban or warfarin...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882164/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-chinese-children-a-retrospective-analysis-of-49-cases
#20
Ying Zhou, Ying Huang
To present study reports the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China. Clinical records of 49 pediatric patients with IBD at Fudan University Children's Hospital (Shanghai, China) between July 2001 and May 2012 were reviewed. Of 49 patients (30 males and 19 females), 8 patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and 41 patients had Crohn's disease (CD). The mean age was 10.4 years in patients with UC and 10.1 years in patients with CD. The percentages of patients with UC with abdominal pain, diarrhea or rectal bleeding were 62...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
55459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"