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Inpatient blood pressure

Kai König, Katelyn J Guy, Claudia A Nold-Petry, Charles P Barfield, Geraldine Walsh, Sandra M Drew, Alex Veldman, Marcel F Nold, Dan M Casalaz
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is often complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated three biomarkers potentially suitable as screening markers for extremely preterm infants at risk of BPD-associated PH. In this prospective observational cohort study conducted in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, 83 preterm infants with BPD born <28 weeks gestation and still inpatients at 36 weeks corrected age received an echocardiogram and blood tests of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I, and YKL-40...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Steven Steinhubl
Despite having the basic tools necessary to appropriately identify and manage individuals with hypertension for over half a century it remains the single greatest contributing risk factor to morbidity and mortality worldwide today. Since diagnosis and effective treatment availability are not issues, this major failing in care can be attributed to inadequate systems of care: systems that have led to only <20% of hypertensive individuals globally having their blood pressure adequately controlled. Even in the US, where it is one of the most common reasons for a primary care visit, and with over $42...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Charlotte Pineau, Brice Lavrard, François Boyer, Laëtitia Percebois-Macadré
OBJECTIVE: MRI has highly changed the assessment of post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS), roughly estimated at 30% nowadays. Times to onset (TTO) symptoms are random. This case report describes how hyperhidrosis appeared and revealed PTS diagnosis. OBSERVATIONS: Mr M., 43-year-old, is rehabilitation inpatient after T10 AIS A spinal cord injury (SCI). Three months after this event, Mr M complains of acute hyperhidrosis crisis always located below the injury, which can occur at any time of the day, particularly when he moves...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Steven Steinhubl
Despite having the basic tools necessary to appropriately identify and manage individuals with hypertension for over half a century it remains the single greatest contributing risk factor to morbidity and mortality worldwide today. Since diagnosis and effective treatment availability are not issues, this major failing in care can be attributed to inadequate systems of care: systems that have led to only <20% of hypertensive individuals globally having their blood pressure adequately controlled. Even in the US, where it is one of the most common reasons for a primary care visit, and with over $42...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
E V Sevost'yanova, Yu A Nikolaev, N V Bogdankevich, V G Lusheva, E N Markova, N A Dolgova
AIM: to evaluate the efficiency of decimeter wave therapy and halotherapy, which were additionally added to basic therapy, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) concurrent with hypertension at the inpatient stage. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 36 patients aged 20 to 75 years with Stages I-II COPD concurrent with Stages I-II, first-second grade hypertension were examined and treated. The clinical examination included collection of complaints and medical history data, clinical laboratory and instrumental (electrocardiography, spirography) studies, and health-related quality of life (using the SF-36 questionnaire)...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Ilana B Richman, Michael Fairley, Mads Emil Jørgensen, Alejandro Schuler, Douglas K Owens, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert
Importance: Among high-risk patients with hypertension, targeting a systolic blood pressure of 120 mm Hg reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared with a higher target. However, intensive blood pressure management incurs additional costs from treatment and from adverse events. Objective: To evaluate the incremental cost-effectiveness of intensive blood pressure management compared with standard management. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cost-effectiveness analysis conducted from September 2015 to August 2016 used a Markov cohort model to estimate cost-effectiveness of intensive blood pressure management among 68-year-old high-risk adults with hypertension but not diabetes...
September 14, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Jason Imperato, Tyler Mehegan, John Patrick, Chase Bushey, Gary Setnik, Leon D Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Because abnormal vital signs indicate the potential for clinical deterioration, it is logical to make emergency physicians immediately aware of those patients who present with abnormal vital signs. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a clinical triggers program in the emergency department (ED) setting that utilized predetermined abnormal vital signs to activate a rapid assessment by an emergency physician-led multidisciplinary team had a measurable effect on inpatient hospital metrics...
September 13, 2016: CJEM
Carlos A Peñaherrera, Ruben Peñaherrera, Maria C Duarte, Ernesto Peñaherrera
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome increases cardiovascular risk, and causes damage to the vascular wall. Through this mechanism, it might increase arterial rigidity, leading to further complications and heart strain. The use of a device that measures arterial rigidity can help determine if metabolic syndrome is related to a higher vascular stiffness and changes in estimated arterial age. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study at Luis Vernaza hospital of Guayaquil, Ecuador...
September 5, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Alain Putot, Jennifer Tetu, Sophie Perrin, Henri Bailly, Lionel Piroth, Jean-François Besancenot, Bernard Bonnotte, Pascal Chavanet, Pierre-Emmanuel Charles, Hélène Sordet-Guépet, Patrick Manckoundia
OBJECTIVES: Acute pneumonia (AP) induces an excess of mortality among the elderly. We evaluated the value of a new predictive biomarker index compared to usual prognosis scores for predicting in-hospital and 1-year mortalities in elderly inpatients with AP. DESIGN: Retrospective study in 6 clinical departments of a university hospital. SETTING: Burgundy university hospital (France). PARTICIPANTS: All patients aged 75 and over with AP and hospitalized between January 1 and June 30, 2013, in the departments of medicine (5) and intensive care (1) of our university hospital...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Muhammad W Athar, Christine Mativo, Regina Landis, Scott M Wright
OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' preferences with respect to different methods of receiving test results while they were hospitalized and to determine whether the different modes of communication of the test results were associated with better recall. METHODS: Five discrete test results were shared with adult inpatients on general medicine service (blood pressure, white blood cell count, hematocrit, creatinine, and chest X-ray). The information was delivered by a physician in one of three ways: 1) verbally, 2) explained with a print out of the results, or 3) described while showing results on a computer monitor (electronic)...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Sabine Makkes, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Trynke Hoekstra, Jacob C Seidell
BACKGROUND: Intensive inpatient lifestyle treatment may be a suitable alternative for severely obese children and adolescents who do not benefit from ambulatory obesity treatment. The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of two intensive one-year lifestyle treatments with varying inpatient periods for severely obese children and adolescents with regard to SDS-BMI and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial with two active treatment groups...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Antonello D'Andrea, Marianna Conte, Massimo Cavallaro, Raffaella Scarafile, Lucia Riegler, Rosangela Cocchia, Enrica Pezzullo, Andreina Carbone, Francesco Natale, Giuseppe Santoro, Pio Caso, Maria Giovanna Russo, Eduardo Bossone, Raffaele Calabrò
Non-invasive Doppler ultrasonographic study of cerebral arteries [transcranial Doppler (TCD)] has been extensively applied on both outpatient and inpatient settings. It is performed placing a low-frequency (≤ 2 MHz) transducer on the scalp of the patient over specific acoustic windows, in order to visualize the intracranial arterial vessels and to evaluate the cerebral blood flow velocity and its alteration in many different conditions. Nowadays the most widespread indication for TCD in outpatient setting is the research of right to left shunting, responsable of so called "paradoxical embolism", most often due to patency of foramen ovale which is responsable of the majority of cryptogenic strokes occuring in patients younger than 55 years old...
July 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Imani McElroy, Sohail Sareh, Allen Zhu, Gabrielle Miranda, Hoover Wu, Michelle Nguyen, Richard Shemin, Peyman Benharash
BACKGROUND: Unintended rehospitalizations after surgical procedures represent a large percentage of readmissions and have been associated with increased morbidity and cost of care. Beginning in 2017, Medicare will expand diagnostic categories subject to financial penalties for excess postoperative readmissions to include coronary revascularization procedures. Arrhythmias and pulmonary complications comprise the largest categories for readmission after cardiac surgery. Technologic advances in remote monitoring have led to the use of web-based digital health kits (DHK) aimed at reducing readmissions and improving postoperative outcomes...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Ralf Schiel, Alexander Kaps, Günter Stein, Antje Steveling
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, overweight and obesity are known as posing serious health risks. Successful methods of prevention and therapy for overweight and obesity have remained elusive. It was the aim of the present trial to identify parameters and determinants to guarantee long-term weight reduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total 143/159 children and adolescents (90%) with overweight and obesity completed the prospective, multicenter trial (age 13.9 ± 2.4 years, BMI 31...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Yajun Liang, Laura Fratiglioni, Rui Wang, Giola Santoni, Anna-Karin Welmer, Chengxuan Qiu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whether chronological or biological age may play a role in the association between blood pressure and cause-specific mortality in old age is unclear. We seek to investigate the associations of blood pressure with all-cause, cardiovascular, and non-cardiovascular mortality among older people and to explore whether chronological age and biological age may modify the associations. METHODS: This cohort study included 3014 participants (age≥60years, 64...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Carla Fj Nooijen, Henk J Stam, Tebbe Sluis, Linda Valent, Jos Twisk, Rita Jg van den Berg-Emons
OBJECTIVE: To assess, for people with subacute spinal cord injury, if rehabilitation that is reinforced with the addition of a behavioral intervention to promote physical activity leads to a better health, participation and quality of life. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 39 participants analyzed (45 included), with subacute spinal cord injury in inpatient rehabilitation, dependent on a manual wheelchair (33% tetraplegia, 62% motor complete, 150 ±74 days postinjury)...
July 4, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Alicia R Dymowski, Jennie L Ponsford, Jacqueline A Owens, John H Olver, Michael Ponsford, Catherine Willmott
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of extended-release methylphenidate in enhancing processing speed, complex attentional functioning and everyday attentional behaviour after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Seven week randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel pilot study. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient Acquired Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven individuals with reduced processing speed and/or attention deficits following complicated mild to severe traumatic brain injury...
June 27, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ji-Sun Back, Yinji Jin, Taixian Jin, Sun-Mi Lee
Aggressive resuscitation can decrease sepsis mortality, but its success depends on early detection of sepsis. The purpose of this study was to develop and verify an Automated Sepsis Risk Assessment System (Auto-SepRAS), which would automatically assess the sepsis risk of inpatients by applying data mining techniques to electronic health records (EHR) data and provide daily updates. The seven predictors included in the Auto-SepRAS after initial analysis were admission via the emergency department, which had the highest odds ratio; diastolic blood pressure; length of stay; respiratory rate; heart rate; and age...
October 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Zhang-qiang Chen, Lang Hong, Hong Wang, Qiu-lin Yin
OBJECTIVE: To explore effects of Tongxinluo Capsule (TC) on platelet activating factor (PAF), vascular endothelial function, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) blood flow, and heart function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after delayed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Totally 80 AMI inpatients were recruited at Department of Cardiology, People's Hospital of Jiangxi Province, from Jan. 2008 to Sep.2013. Those in line with inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to TC treatment group and the conventional treatment group by random digit table, 40 in each group...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Ismaa Ghazanfar Kiani, Adil Naseer Khan, Saadia Yasir, Urooj Taheed Baluch
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of coronary risk factors such as diabetes and pre-diabetes, abdominal obesity, high triglyceride (TG), low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) levels and high blood pressure (BP). It is estimated that around a quarter of the world's adult population have MetS and they are twice as likely to die from it and three times as likely to have a coronary event or stroke compared with people without the syndrome. METHODS: This observational descriptive study was conducted at the Department of General Medicine, Federal Government Polyclinic Islamabad...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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