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Shoulder arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319431/evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-for-a-rotator-cuff-retear-after-repair-surgery
#1
Yeong Seok Lee, Jeung Yeol Jeong, Chan-Deok Park, Seung Gyoon Kang, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: A retear is a significant clinical problem after rotator cuff repair. However, no study has evaluated the retear rate with regard to the extent of footprint coverage. PURPOSE: To evaluate the preoperative and intraoperative factors for a retear after rotator cuff repair, and to confirm the relationship with the extent of footprint coverage. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 693 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between January 2006 and December 2014...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318302/isolated-subscapularis-repair-in-irreparable-posterosuperior-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-involving-the-subscapularis-tendon
#2
Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Min Jung, Won-Yong Lee, Yong-Min Chun
BACKGROUND: No previous study has examined whether isolated subscapularis tendon repair in irreparable posterosuperior massive rotator tears involving the subscapularis tendon in relatively young patients without arthritis can yield satisfactory outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that this procedure would produce favorable outcomes in patients who might otherwise be candidates for reverse arthroplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314901/arterial-pseudoaneurysms-of-the-shoulder-mimicking-other-entities-utilization-of-pulsation-artifact-on-musculoskeletal-mr-for-accurate-diagnosis-in-2-cases
#3
Mohammad Samim, Jacob Mandell, Stacy Smith, Neena Kapoor, Gregory Czuczman
We present two cases of pseudoaneurysm (PSA) about the shoulder mimicking more common clinical entities-soft tissue neoplasm and septic arthritis-for which biopsy of the mass and joint aspiration were requested respectively. We review the imaging findings of PSA with emphasis on findings in musculoskeletal protocol MRI, including the identification of pulsation artifact in both cases, which was critical to establishing the correct diagnosis. In the proper clinical setting, with imaging findings demonstrating a complex mass or fluid collection, MR images should be scrutinized for the presence of pulsation artifact, which can help diagnose a high-flow vascular lesion and avoid a potentially harmful invasive procedure such as biopsy...
March 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295120/geometric-analysis-of-the-proximal-humerus-in-elderly-japanese-patients-implications-for-implant-selection-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#4
Keisuke Matsuki, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Shota Hoshika, Yusuke Ueda, Norimasa Takahashi, Morihito Tokai, Kazutomo Onishi, Scott A Banks
The implants used in reverse shoulder arthroplasty were originally designed for white patients; thus, they might not be optimal for smaller Asian patients. The selection of reverse shoulder arthroplasty systems is limited in Japan. The purpose of this study was to measure the geometry of the proximal humerus in elderly Japanese patients to inform implant selection according to humerus size. This study included 155 shoulders from 148 patients 50 years or older who underwent computed tomography for shoulder disorders other than arthritis and trauma...
March 14, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293635/semiquantitative-evaluation-of-extrasynovial-soft-tissue-inflammation-in-the-shoulders-of-patients-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-elderly-onset-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-power-doppler-ultrasound
#5
Takeshi Suzuki, Ryochi Yoshida, Akiko Okamoto, Yu Seri
Objectives. To develop a scoring system for evaluating the extrasynovial soft tissue inflammation of the shoulders in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis with PMR-like onset (pm-EORA) using ultrasound. Methods. We analyzed stored power Doppler (PD) images obtained by the pretreatment examination of 15 PMR patients and 15 pm-EORA patients. A semiquantitative scoring system for evaluating the severity of PD signals adjacent to the anterior aspect of the subscapularis tendon was designed...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292485/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-versus-hemiarthroplasty-for-the-management-of-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly
#6
Georg Osterhoff, Nathan N O'Hara, Jennifer D'Cruz, Sheila A Sprague, Nick Bansback, Nathan Evaniew, Gerard P Slobogean
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate regarding the optimal surgical treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) compared with hemiarthroplasty (HA) in the management of complex proximal humeral fractures, using a cost-utility analysis. METHODS: On the basis of data from published literature, a cost-utility analysis was conducted using decision tree and Markov modeling...
March 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284228/interactive-wearable-systems-for-upper-body-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Qi Wang, Panos Markopoulos, Bin Yu, Wei Chen, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: The development of interactive rehabilitation technologies which rely on wearable-sensing for upper body rehabilitation is attracting increasing research interest. This paper reviews related research with the aim: 1) To inventory and classify interactive wearable systems for movement and posture monitoring during upper body rehabilitation, regarding the sensing technology, system measurements and feedback conditions; 2) To gauge the wearability of the wearable systems; 3) To inventory the availability of clinical evidence supporting the effectiveness of related technologies...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271947/health-assessment-questionnaire-disability-index-haq-di-score-at-the-start-of-biological-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-bdmard-therapy-is-associated-with-radiographic-progression-of-large-joint-damage-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Arata Nakajima, Yasuchika Aoki, Keiichiro Terayama, Masato Sonobe, Hiroshi Takahashi, Masahiko Saito, Koichi Nakagawa
OBJECTIVES: Radiographic progression of damage (RPD) to large joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been fully studied. We previously demonstrated that Larsen grade of the large joints was associated with RPD of large joints in patients treated with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs); however, no factors associated with background characteristics of patients were identified. METHODS: A total of 400 large joints in the upper and lower extremities, including the shoulder, elbow, knee, and ankle, of 88 patients with RA treated with bDMARDs for 1-3 years were investigated...
March 8, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255616/humeral-head-sizing-using-extra-articular-landmarks-on-conventional-radiographs
#9
David D Savin, Hristo Piponov, Jeffrey Goldstein, Ari R Youderian
PURPOSE: Proper humeral head (HH) sizing is critical to success in anatomic shoulder replacement for management of glenohumeral arthritis. In this study, we evaluate the accuracy and reliability of using non-articular landmarks on conventional radiographs for HH templating. METHODS: Anatomic HH replacement was performed on five non-arthritic shoulders, from fresh adult cadavers. Pre-operative and post-operative radiographs and 3-D CT scans were obtained. Humeral head size was determined using the articular surface and three extra-articular landmarks (inner aspect of the lateral cortex, the medial footprint of the rotator cuff, and the medial calcar)...
March 2, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255335/the-clinical-characteristics-of-sarcoid-arthropathy-based-on-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Senol Kobak, Fidan Sever, Ozan Usluer, Tuncay Goksel, Mehmet Orman
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is known as a Th1-mediated disease, which can mimic many primary rheumatologic diseases or sometimes co-exist with them. Clinical characteristics of sarcoid arthropathy are not well described and the studies reported in the literature so far are mostly based on data from referrals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of sarcoid arthropathy. METHODS: All our patients were prospectively evaluated in our rheumatology outpatient center from 2011 to 2015...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219656/ultrasound-abnormalities-in-septic-arthritis-are-associated-with-functional-outcomes
#11
Emeline Gaigneux, Grégoire Cormier, Stéphane Varin, Oriane Mérot, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasound abnormalities seen in septic arthritis and to assess their associations with clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively included 34 patients with septic arthritis of a native joint (knee, n=19; shoulder, n=6; hip, n=4; ankle, n=3; or wrist, n=2). Ultrasonography was performed to record synovial-membrane thickness and vascularity, joint effusion, and abnormalities of adjacent soft tissues, at baseline then 4days, 2weeks, and 3months later...
February 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215392/the-clinical-outcomes-of-atlanto-axial-arthrodesis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-assessment-according-to-the-japanese-orthopaedic-association-cervical-myelopathy-evaluation-questionnaire-joacmeq
#12
Haku Iizuka, Yoichi Iizuka, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Ryoichi Kobayashi, Yasunori Sorimachi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of atlanto-axial arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with cervical myelopathy using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ). METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent surgery to treat atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) were reviewed. RESULTS: The rates of success rates for each domain were as follows: cervical spine function, 11 of 18 patients (61...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214173/pyrocarbon-interposition-shoulder-arthroplasty-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-study-at-2-years-of-follow-up
#13
Jérôme Garret, Arnaud Godeneche, Pascal Boileau, Daniel Molé, Mikael Etzner, Luc Favard, Christophe Levigne, François Sirveaux, Marc-Olivier Gauci, Charles Dezaly, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: The concept of free interposition arthroplasty proved successful for small joints of the hand, wrist, and foot, particularly after the use of implants coated with pyrocarbon, which enhanced their tribologic and elastic properties. The present study reports preliminary outcomes of a pyrocarbon-coated interposition shoulder arthroplasty (PISA) implant. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 67 consecutive patients who underwent shoulder PISA at 9 centers...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212263/shoulder-synovial-fluid-lipoprotein-levels-and-their-relationship-to-the-rotator-cuff
#14
Daniel E Davis, Alexa Narzikul, Daniel Sholder, Mark Lazarus, Surena Namdari, Joseph Abboud
INTRODUCTION: Rotator cuff pathology has been proposed to occur through intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms. Hyperlipidemia has been proposed as a mechanism of intrinsic rotator cuff pathology. This prospective observational study evaluates serum and synovial lipid profiles in patients with and without rotator cuff tears to further define the relationship of cholesterol and rotator cuff pathology. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled with intact rotator cuff (37 patients) and rotator cuff tear requiring a repair (40 patients) groups...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209327/outcomes-of-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-younger-than-65-years-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Troy A Roberson, Jared C Bentley, James T Griscom, Michael J Kissenberth, Stefan J Tolan, Richard J Hawkins, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about the longevity of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in young patients, it remains an attractive option because of the absence of superior options. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using searches of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. English-language studies were identified with search terms "total shoulder arthroplasty" (title/abstract) or "shoulder replacement" (title/abstract) and "young" (title/abstract) or "under 65 years of age" (title/abstract)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196444/intra-articular-comminution-worsens-outcomes-of-distal-radial-fractures-treated-by-open-reduction-and-palmar-locking-plate-fixation
#16
J O Yoon, S L You, J K Kim
We studied 50 patients with AO type C2 distal radial fractures and 35 with AO type C3 distal radial fractures treated by open reduction and palmar locking plate fixation. At 3-month clinical assessments, mean wrist flexion arcs, grip strengths and disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand scores were significantly better for AO type C2 fractures. At 2-year post-operative clinical assessments, mean disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand scores were significantly better for AO type C2 fractures than for AO type C3 fractures...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190669/insurance-status-affects-postoperative-morbidity-and-complication-rate-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Xinning Li, David R Veltre, Antonio Cusano, Paul Yi, David Sing, Joel J Gagnier, Josef K Eichinger, Andrew Jawa, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroplasty is an effective procedure for managing patients with shoulder pain secondary to end-stage arthritis. Insurance status has been shown to be a predictor of patient morbidity and mortality. The current study evaluated the effect of patient insurance status on perioperative outcomes after shoulder replacement surgery. METHODS: Data between 2004 and 2011 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Analysis included patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty (partial, total, and reverse) procedures determined by International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision procedure codes...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168545/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-azar-cohort-population-in-northwest-of-iran
#18
Sousan Kolahi, Alireza Khabbazi, Aida Malek Mahdavi, Amid Ghasembaglou, Arezoo Ghasembaglou, Nayyereh Aminisani, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Fariba Heidari
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are considered as major public health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MSDs in Azar cohort population in northwest of Iran. Azar cohort study is a state level of a national cohort project (PERSIAN) which began in 2014. All adults over 35 years old in Khamene city in East Azarbaijan province were recruited for the pilot phase of the Azar cohort. For the purpose of the current study, a total of 952 subjects age range of 35-70 who completed the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Disease (COPCORD) questionnaire as supplementary were included...
April 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162781/intra-articular-corticosteroids-versus-intra-articular-corticosteroids-plus-methotrexate-in-oligoarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-open-label-trial
#19
Angelo Ravelli, Sergio Davì, Giulia Bracciolini, Angela Pistorio, Alessandro Consolaro, Evert Hendrik Pieter van Dijkhuizen, Bianca Lattanzi, Giovanni Filocamo, Sara Verazza, Valeria Gerloni, Maurizio Gattinara, Irene Pontikaki, Antonella Insalaco, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Adele Civino, Giuseppe Presta, Luciana Breda, Valentina Marzetti, Serena Pastore, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Maria Cristina Maggio, Franco Garofalo, Donato Rigante, Marco Gattorno, Clara Malattia, Paolo Picco, Stefania Viola, Stefano Lanni, Nicolino Ruperto, Alberto Martini
BACKGROUND: Little evidence-based information is available to guide the treatment of oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We aimed to investigate whether oral methotrexate increases the efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid therapy. METHODS: We did this prospective, open-label, randomised trial at ten hospitals in Italy. Using a concealed computer-generated list, children younger than 18 years with oligoarticular-onset disease were randomly assigned (1:1) to intra-articular corticosteroids alone or in combination with oral methotrexate (15 mg/m(2); maximum 20 mg)...
February 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141953/interposition-dermal-matrix-xenografts
#20
Julie A Neumann, Miltiadis H Zgonis, Kathleen D Rickert, Kendall E Bradley, Thomas J Kremen, Blake R Boggess, Alison P Toth
BACKGROUND: Management of massive rotator cuff tears in shoulders without glenohumeral arthritis remains problematic for surgeons. Repairs of massive rotator cuff tears have failure rates of 20% to 94% at 1 to 2 years postoperatively as demonstrated with arthrography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. Additionally, inconsistent outcomes have been reported with debridement alone of massive rotator cuff tears, and limitations have been seen with other current methods of operative intervention, including arthroplasty and tendon transfers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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