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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785941/life-style-and-risk-of-atypical-eating-disorders-in-university-students-reality-versus-perception
#1
Olga Castelao-Naval, Ascensión Blanco-Fernández, Carmen Marina Meseguer-Barros, Israel J Thuissard-Vasallo, Begoña Cerdá, Mar Larrosa
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to determine weight status, eating, and alcohol drinking and smoking habits of university students, to determine the association between these variables with negative self-perception of their eating habits and to assess the risk of developing eating disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 university students. The parameters analyzed were: nutritional status, eating habits, alcohol/ tobacco consumption, and risk of eating disorder...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785774/thymol-thyme-and-other-plant-sources-health-and-potential-uses
#2
REVIEW
Bahare Salehi, Abhay Prakash Mishra, Ila Shukla, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, María Del Mar Contreras, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Hannane Fathi, Nafiseh Nasri Nasrabadi, Farzad Kobarfard, Javad Sharifi-Rad
Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae), a medicinal plant with several therapeutic properties. This plant, native to Mediterranean regions, is commonly used as a culinary herb and also with a long history of use for different medicinal purposes. Nowadays, thymol and thyme present a wide range of functional possibilities in pharmacy, food, and cosmetic industry...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785340/comparing-the-catch-composition-profitability-and-discard-survival-from-different-trammel-net-designs-targeting-common-spiny-lobster-palinurus-elephas-in-a-mediterranean-fishery
#3
Gaetano Catanese, Hilmar Hinz, Maria Del Mar Gil, Miquel Palmer, Michael Breen, Antoni Mira, Elena Pastor, Amalia Grau, Andrea Campos-Candela, Elka Koleva, Antoni Maria Grau, Beatriz Morales-Nin
In the Balearic Islands, different trammel net designs have been adopted to promote fisheries sustainability and reduce discards. Here, we compare the catch performance of three trammel net designs targeting the spiny lobster Palinurus elephas in terms of biomass, species composition and revenue from commercial catches and discards. Designs differ in the netting fiber type (standard polyfilament, PMF, or a new polyethylene multi-monofilament, MMF) and the use of a guarding net or greca , a mesh piece intended to reduce discards...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785141/validity-of-a-method-for-the-self-screening-of-cardiovascular-risk
#4
María Barroso, Silvia Pérez-Fernández, M Mar Vila, M Dolors Zomeño, Ruth Martí-Lluch, Ferran Cordon, Rafel Ramos, Roberto Elosua, Irene R Degano, Montse Fitó, Carmen Cabezas, Gemma Salvador, Conxa Castell, María Grau
Background: The validity of a cardiovascular risk self-screening method was assessed. The results obtained for self-measurement of blood pressure, a point-of-care system's assessment of lipid profile and glycated hemoglobin, and a self-administered questionnaire (sex, age, diabetes, tobacco consumption) were compared with the standard screening (gold standard) conducted by a health professional. Methods: Crossover clinical trial on a population-based sample from Girona (north-eastern Spain), aged 35-74, with no cardiovascular disease at recruitment...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785078/detection-of-hyper-conserved-regions-in-hepatitis-b-virus-x-gene-potentially-useful-for-gene-therapy
#5
Carolina González, David Tabernero, Maria Francesca Cortese, Josep Gregori, Rosario Casillas, Mar Riveiro-Barciela, Cristina Godoy, Sara Sopena, Ariadna Rando, Marçal Yll, Rosa Lopez-Martinez, Josep Quer, Rafael Esteban, Maria Buti, Francisco Rodríguez-Frías
AIM: To detect hyper-conserved regions in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) X gene ( HBX ) 5' region that could be candidates for gene therapy. METHODS: The study included 27 chronic hepatitis B treatment-naive patients in various clinical stages (from chronic infection to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, both HBeAg-negative and HBeAg-positive), and infected with HBV genotypes A-F and H. In a serum sample from each patient with viremia > 3.5 log IU/mL, the HBX 5' end region [nucleotide (nt) 1255-1611] was PCR-amplified and submitted to next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784897/effect-of-alcohol-use-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-iran-a-coarsened-exact-matching-approach
#6
Mehdi Noroozi, Brandon D L Marshall, Alireza Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hamid Sharifi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Abbasi, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have recognized the importance of sexual and injection risk behaviors in HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID). We aimed to examine effect of alcohol use on sexual and injection risky behavior using coarsened exact matching (CEM) approach among PWID in Tehran, Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was conducted from Mar to Aug 2016 in Tehran, Iran. PWID were recruited by a convenience and snowball sampling from five of Drop-in Centers (DICs) in Tehran...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784317/sensitive-determination-of-cyclopiazonic-acid-in-dry-cured-ham-using-a-quechers-method-and-uhplc-ms-ms
#7
Belén Peromingo, Mar Rodríguez, Félix Núñez, Antonio Silva, Alicia Rodríguez
An extraction method and an UHPLC-MS/MS method for the quantification of CPA in dry-cured ham were developed and validated. To optimise detection and quantification of CPA, the composition of mobile phase, flow rates, gradient-related factors and solvents used for resuspension of dry extracts were evaluated. Besides, four extraction methods were tested. The best peak shape and resolution were obtained by eluting the mobile phase consisting in acetic acid-ammonium acetate buffer pH 5.75/methanol in gradient mode at a flow rate of 0...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784239/paraneoplastic-syndromes-in-ophthalmology
#8
REVIEW
A Bussat, S Langner-Lemercier, A Salmon, F Mouriaux
Paraneoplastic syndromes involving the visual system are a heterogeneous group of disorders occurring in the setting of systemic malignancy. They are unrelated to local tumor invasion or metastasis and unexplained by nutritional, metabolic, infectious or iatrogenic causes. The presence of antibodies may aid in the diagnosis of a paraneoplastic syndrome, although this is not an absolute requirement. Chorioretinal involvement is seen in CAR (cancer-associated retinopathy) syndrome, MAR (melanoma-associated retinopathy) syndrome, paraneoplastic vitelliform maculopathy, and bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation...
May 18, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782059/testicular-histomorphometry-and-the-proliferative-and-apoptotic-activities-of-the-seminiferous-epithelium-in-syrian-hamster-during-spontaneous-recrudescence-after-exposure-to-short-photoperiod
#9
Jesús Martínez-Hernández, Vicente Seco-Rovira, Ester Beltrán-Frutos, Concepción Ferrer, Manuel Canteras, María Del Mar Sánchez-Huertas, Luis Miguel Pastor
Syrian hamsters are photoperiodic rodents in which reproduction, including testicular function, is stimulated by long photoperiod exposure and curtailed by exposure to a short photoperiod. The objectives of this study were to characterize the testis histomorphometrically and to determine the role of the proliferation and apoptosis phenomena in the recovery of the seminiferous epithelium during spontaneous recrudescence after exposure to short photoperiod. The study was performed using conventional light microscopy, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP in situ nick end labelling staining, image analysis software, and transmission electron microscopy in three recrudescence groups: initial recrudescence (IR), advanced recrudescence (AR) and total recrudescence (TR)...
May 21, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781861/clinico-pathological-study-of-4-cases-of-pseudoherpetic-grover-disease-the-same-as-vesicular-grover-disease
#10
Tania M Capusan, María Herrero-Moyano, Javier Fraga, Mar Llamas-Velasco
INTRODUCTION: Grover disease (GD) was described with 4 histopathological patterns, but later wide histopathological studies found additional ones including vesicular GD. From 2014, 2 new patterns, GD with epidermolytic hyperkeratosis and pseudoherpetic GD, have been proposed. OBJECTIVES: The authors present 4 cases of pseudoherpetic GD and review the 6 previously published cases to better characterize this variant clinically and histopathologically. RESULTS: Half of the patients were men...
June 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781244/oprm1-influence-on-and-effectiveness-of-an-individualized-treatment-plan-for-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-patients
#11
Javier Muriel, César Margarit, Beatriz Planelles, María J Serralta, Carmen Puga, María-Del-Mar Inda, Esperanza Cutillas, Domingo Morales, José F Horga, Ana M Peiró
Screening for opioid use disorder should be considered in chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) patients with long-term use of opioids. The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of an individualized treatment plan (ITP) for prescription opioid dependence that included screening of pharmacogenetic markers. An observational prospective study was performed using prescription opioid-dependent CNCP outpatients (n = 88). Patients were divided into nonresponders, responders, or high responders according to their response to the ITP...
May 20, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781061/performance-of-bi-2-o-3-tio-2-prepared-by-sol-gel-on-p-cresol-degradation-under-solar-and-visible-light
#12
Héctor H Vigil-Castillo, Aracely Hernández-Ramírez, Jorge L Guzmán-Mar, Norma A Ramos-Delgado, Minerva Villanueva-Rodríguez
Photocatalytic degradation of p-Cresol was evaluated using the mixed oxide Bi2 O3 /TiO2 (containing 2 and 20% wt. Bi2 O3 referred as TB2 and TB20) and was compared with bare TiO2 under simulated solar radiation. Materials were prepared by the classic sol-gel method. All solids exhibited the anatase phase by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. The synthesized materials presented lower crystallite size and Eg value, and also higher surface area as Bi2 O3 amount was increased. Bi content was quantified showing near to 70% of theoretical values in TB2 and TB20...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780678/meteoric-metal-chemistry-in-the-martian-atmosphere
#13
J M C Plane, J D Carrillo-Sanchez, T P Mangan, M M J Crismani, N M Schneider, A Määttänen
Recent measurements by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument on NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN mission show that a persistent layer of Mg+ ions occurs around 90 km in the Martian atmosphere but that neutral Mg atoms are not detectable. These observations can be satisfactorily modeled with a global meteoric ablation rate of 0.06 t sol-1 , out of a cosmic dust input of 2.7 ± 1.6 t sol-1 . The absence of detectable Mg at 90 km requires that at least 50% of the ablating Mg atoms ionize through hyperthermal collisions with CO2 molecules...
March 2018: Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780296/metal-artifact-reduction-for-orthopedic-implants-brain-ct-angiography-in-patients-with-intracranial-metallic-implants
#14
Leonard Sunwoo, Sun-Won Park, Jung Hyo Rhim, Yeonah Kang, Young Seob Chung, Young-Je Son, Soo Chin Kim
Background: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the effects of a metal artifact reduction for orthopedic implants (O-MAR) for brain computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in patients with aneurysm clips and coils. Methods: The study included 36 consecutive patients with 47 intracranial metallic implants (42 aneurysm clips, 5 coils) who underwent brain CTA. The computed tomographic images with and without the O-MAR were independently reviewed both quantitatively and qualitatively by two reviewers...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779322/-impact-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-prophylaxis-duration-on-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-after-haploidentical-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
Y Q Sun, X J Huang, L P Xu, X H Zhang, C H Yan, K Y Liu, Y Wang
Objective: To investigate the impact of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prophylaxis duration on acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) using 'Beijing Protocol'. Methods: Adult patients (≥14 years) received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from Sep, 2016 to Mar, 2017 were retrospectively reviewed if they fulfilled the criterias: ①diagnosed with hematological maligancies; ②standard-risk status at haplo-HSCT. A total of 237 patients [including 102 patients with long MMF duration (defined as started on day -9 with 100 mg/d, adjusted to 500 mg/d from day +30 and discontinued on day +45 to +60 or occurrence of CMV/EBV reactivation or late-onset hemorrhagic cytitis), and 135 patients with short MMF duration (defined as started on day -9 with 500 mg/d and discontinued on the day achieved neutrophil engraftment)] were reviewed...
April 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777336/first-morphological-and-molecular-analysis-of-eucoleus-boehmi-like-eggs-in-dogs-from-argentina
#16
Carla Mariela Lavallén, Romina Sandra Petrigh, Martín Horacio Fugassa, Guillermo María Denegri, Marcela Cecilia Dopchiz
The canid parasites Eucoleus aerophilus (syn. Capillaria aerophila) and Eucoleus boehmi (syn. Capillaria boehmi) parasitize the lower and the upper respiratory tract, respectively. Reports and descriptions of these nematodes are scarce in Argentina, possibly due to misdiagnosis of morphologically similar trichuroids eggs, and the lack of knowledge about the species of Eucoleus in this geographical area. Scanning electron microscopy is a useful tool for identification of E. boehmi eggs based on the characteristics of the shell structure which differentiate between species...
May 18, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776852/indications-for-mars-mri-in-patients-treated-with-articular-surface-replacement-xl-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
James W Connelly, Vincent P Galea, Inari Laaksonen, Sean J Matuszak, Rami Madanat, Orhun Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify which patient and clinical factors are predictive of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) and to use these factors to create a highly sensitive algorithm for indicating metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI) in Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) XL total hip arthroplasty patients. Our secondary aim was to compare our algorithm to existing national guidelines on when to take MARS-MRI in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty patients...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776384/competence-of-mosquitoes-native-to-the-united-kingdom-to-support-replication-and-transmission-of-rift-valley-fever-virus
#18
Sarah Lumley, Luis M Hernández-Triana, Daniel L Horton, Maria Del Mar Fernández de Marco, Jolyon M Medlock, Roger Hewson, Anthony R Fooks, Nicholas Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus causing severe disease in humans and livestock. It is endemic in Africa and spread to the Arabian Peninsula in 2000 raising concerns it could emerge in Europe. The ability of temperate mosquitoes from the United Kingdom (UK) to support replication and transmission of RVFV is unknown. METHODS: In this study, two colonised lines of Culex pipiens, wild-caught Aedes detritus and Ae. rusticus from the UK were infected with pathogenic strains of RVFV to assess their vector competence...
May 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775876/childhood-abuse-and-depression-in-adulthood-the-mediating-role-of-allostatic-load
#19
Sandra Scheuer, Nicole Wiggert, Tanja Maria Brückl, Yvonne Awaloff, Manfred Uhr, Susanne Lucae, Stefan Kloiber, Florian Holsboer, Marcus Ising, Frank H Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences during childhood are considered a major risk factor for depression in adulthood. Childhood trauma may induce physiological dysregulation with long-term effects of increased allostatic load until adulthood, which may lead to depression. Thus, our aim was to investigate whether allostatic load - which represents a multi-system measure of physiological dysregulation - mediates the association between childhood trauma and adult depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 324 depressed inpatients participating in the Munich Antidepressant Response Signature (MARS) project and 261 mentally healthy control participants...
April 22, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775242/mutations-in-mars-identified-in-a-specific-type-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-alter-methionyl-trna-synthetase-activity
#20
Martine Comisso, Alice Hadchouel, Jacques de Blic, Marc Mirande
Biallelic missense mutations in MARS are responsible for rare but severe cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) prevalent on the island of La Réunion. MARS encodes cytosolic methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS), an essential translation factor. The multisystemic effects observed in patients with this form of PAP is consistent with a loss-of-function defect in an ubiquitously expressed enzyme. The pathophysiological mechanisms involved in MARS related PAP are currently unknown. In this work, we analyzed the effect of the PAP related mutations in MARS on the thermal stability and on the catalytic parameters of the MetRS mutants, relative to wild-type...
May 18, 2018: FEBS Journal
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