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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777879/standardizing-evaluation-process-necessary-for-achieving-sdgs-a-case-study-of-india
#1
Alok Srivastava
A set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015 are to be implemented and achieved in every country from the year 2016 to 2030. In Indian context, all these goals are very relevant and critical, as India missed the target on many components of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The author strongly feels that one of the key reasons was lack of an in-built robust system for measuring the progress and achievements of MDGs. Monitoring and Evaluation of programmes and schemes, aiming at different SDGs, in a robust and regular manner is therefore need of the hour...
May 9, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777866/considerations-of-multiple-imputation-approaches-for-handling-missing-data-in-clinical-trials
#2
Hui Quan, Li Qi, Xiaodong Luo, Loic Darchy
Missing data exist in all clinical trials and missing data issue is a very serious issue in terms of the interpretability of the trial results. There is no universally applicable solution for all missing data problems. Methods used for handling missing data issue depend on the circumstances particularly the assumptions on missing data mechanisms. In recent years, if the missing at random mechanism cannot be assumed, conservative approaches such as the control-based and returning to baseline multiple imputation approaches are applied for dealing with the missing data issues...
May 16, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777614/enhancing-the-detection-of-injuries-and-near-misses-among-patient-care-staff-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital
#3
Maurizio Macaluso, Lauren A Summerville, Meredith E Tabangin, Nancy M Daraiseh
Objectives Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks...
May 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777424/use-and-overuse-of-triptans-in-austria-a-survey-based-on-nationwide-healthcare-claims-data
#4
Karin Zebenholzer, Walter Gall, Christian Wöber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate triptan use and overuse as well as prescription patterns in Austria based on a nationwide healthcare database because data on triptan use and overuse in Austria is missing. METHODS: We included all persons insured with one of 19 Austrian social security institutions in 2007. Inclusion criteria comprised an age of 18-99 years, known sex, and receipt of insurance benefits. We defined triptan use as ≥1 package of a triptan dispensed in 2007 and triptan overuse as ≥30 defined daily doses dispensed in at least one quarter...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776532/worker-safety-and-injury-severity-analysis-of-earthmoving-equipment-accidents
#5
Emrah Kazan, Mumtaz A Usmen
INTRODUCTION: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776002/the-chaos-of-hospitalisation-for-patients-with-critical-limb-ischaemia-approaching-major-amputation
#6
Susan Monaro, Sandra West, Jana Pinkova, Janice Gullick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate the hospital experience for patients and families when major amputation has been advised for critical limb ischaemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: CLI creates significant burden to the health system and the family, particularly as the person with CLI approaches amputation. Major amputation is often offered as a late intervention for CLI in response to the marked deterioration of an ischaemic limb, and functional decline from reduced mobility, intractable pain, infection and/or toxaemia...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775990/cox-model-with-interval-censored-covariate-in-cohort-studies
#7
Soohyun Ahn, Johan Lim, Myunghee Cho Paik, Ralph L Sacco, Mitchell S Elkind
In cohort studies the outcome is often time to a particular event, and subjects are followed at regular intervals. Periodic visits may also monitor a secondary irreversible event influencing the event of primary interest, and a significant proportion of subjects develop the secondary event over the period of follow-up. The status of the secondary event serves as a time-varying covariate, but is recorded only at the times of the scheduled visits, generating incomplete time-varying covariates. While information on a typical time-varying covariate is missing for entire follow-up period except the visiting times, the status of the secondary event are unavailable only between visits where the status has changed, thus interval-censored...
May 18, 2018: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775954/a-new-methodology-based-on-functional-principal-component-analysis-to-study-postural-stability-post-stroke
#8
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Enrique Viosca-Herrero, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Beatriz Gisbert-Morant
BACKGROUND: A major goal in stroke rehabilitation is the establishment of more effective physical therapy techniques to recover postural stability. Functional Principal Component Analysis provides greater insight into recovery trends. However, when missing values exist, obtaining functional data presents some difficulties. The purpose of this study was to reveal an alternative technique for obtaining the Functional Principal Components without requiring the conversion to functional data beforehand and to investigate this methodology to determine the effect of specific physical therapy techniques in balance recovery trends in elderly subjects with hemiplegia post-stroke...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775187/body-mass-index-is-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-after-tha-and-tka
#9
Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong, Elizabeth W Paxton, Tim Spelman, Robert S Namba, Maria C S Inacio
BACKGROUND: Both obesity and underweight are associated with a higher risk of mortality in adulthood, but the association between mortality after arthroplasty and extreme ranges of body mass index (BMI) have not been evaluated beyond the first year. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between BMI and all-cause mortality after TKA and THA. METHODS: Data from two arthroplasty registries, the St Vincent's Melbourne Arthroplasty (SMART) Registry from Australia and the Kaiser Permanente Total Joint Replacement Registry (KPTJRR) from the United States, were used to identify patients aged ≥ 18 years undergoing elective TKAs and THAs between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2013...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774571/clustering-and-variable-selection-in-the-presence-of-mixed-variable-types-and-missing-data
#10
C B Storlie, S M Myers, S K Katusic, A L Weaver, R G Voigt, P E Croarkin, R E Stoeckel, J D Port
We consider the problem of model-based clustering in the presence of many correlated, mixed continuous, and discrete variables, some of which may have missing values. Discrete variables are treated with a latent continuous variable approach, and the Dirichlet process is used to construct a mixture model with an unknown number of components. Variable selection is also performed to identify the variables that are most influential for determining cluster membership. The work is motivated by the need to cluster patients thought to potentially have autism spectrum disorder on the basis of many cognitive and/or behavioral test scores...
May 17, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773527/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-real-time-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-interventions-in-rural-uganda-mixed-method-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Angella Musiimenta, Esther C Atukunda, Wilson Tumuhimbise, Emily E Pisarski, Melanie Tam, Monique A Wyatt, Norma C Ware, Jessica E Haberer
BACKGROUND: Wireless electronic adherence monitors can detect antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence lapses and trigger interventions in real time, thus potentially avoiding unnecessary HIV viremia. Evidence about the acceptability and feasibility of these monitors and associated interventions, however, is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of real-time adherence monitoring linked to text messaging (short message service, SMS) reminders and notifications to support adherence among individuals living with HIV who are taking ART in rural southwestern Uganda...
May 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773121/excess-under-5-female-mortality-across-india-a-spatial-analysis-using-2011-census-data
#12
Christophe Z Guilmoto, Nandita Saikia, Vandana Tamrakar, Jayanta Kumar Bora
BACKGROUND: Excess female mortality causes half of the missing women (estimated deficit of women in countries with suspiciously low proportion of females in their population) today. Globally, most of these avoidable deaths of women occur during childhood in China and India. We aimed to estimate excess female under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) for India's 35 states and union territories and 640 districts. METHODS: Using the summary birth history method (or Brass method), we derived district-level estimates of U5MR by sex from 2011 census data...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772904/why-cvd-grown-mos2-samples-outperform-pvd-samples-time-domain-ab-initio-analysis
#13
Linqiu Li, Run Long, Oleg V Prezhdo
Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have drawn strong attention due to their unique properties and diverse applications. However, TMD performance depends strongly on material quality and defect morphology. Experiments show that samples grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) outperform those obtained by physical vapor deposition (PVD). Experiments also show that CVD samples exhibit vacancy defects, while antisite defects are frequently observed in PVD samples. Our time-domain ab initio study demonstrates that both antisites and vacancies accelerate trapping and nonradiative recombination of charge carriers, but antisites are much more detrimental than vacancies...
May 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772074/semi-parametric-methods-of-handling-missing-data-in-mortal-cohorts-under-non-ignorable-missingness
#14
Lan Wen, Shaun R Seaman
We propose semi-parametric methods to model cohort data where repeated outcomes may be missing due to death and non-ignorable dropout. Our focus is to obtain inference about the cohort composed of those who are still alive at any time point (partly conditional inference). We propose: i) an inverse probability weighted method that upweights observed subjects to represent subjects who are still alive but are not observed; ii) an outcome regression method that replaces missing outcomes of subjects who are alive with their conditional mean outcomes given past observed data; and iii) an augmented inverse probability method that combines the previous two methods and is double robust against model misspecification...
May 17, 2018: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771139/it-s-a-hard-knock-life-game-load-fatigue-and-injury-risk-in-the-national-basketball-association
#15
Melanie Lewis
CONTEXT:   National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes experience a high rate of injuries. Injury prevention requires identifying observable and controllable risk factors. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationship among game load, fatigue, and injuries in NBA athletes. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Game statistics and injury reports over 3 NBA seasons (2012-2015). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Data represented 627 players (height = 200...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770368/multi-label-inductive-matrix-completion-for-joint-mgmt-and-idh1-status-prediction-for-glioma-patients
#16
Lei Chen, Han Zhang, Kim-Han Thung, Luyan Liu, Junfeng Lu, Jinsong Wu, Qian Wang, Dinggang Shen
MGMT promoter methylation and IDH1 mutation in high-grade gliomas (HGG) have proven to be the two important molecular indicators associated with better prognosis. Traditionally, the statuses of MGMT and IDH1 are obtained via surgical biopsy, which is laborious, invasive and time-consuming. Accurate presurgical prediction of their statuses based on preoperative imaging data is of great clinical value towards better treatment plan. In this paper, we propose a novel Multi-label Inductive Matrix Completion (MIMC) model, highlighted by the online inductive learning strategy, to jointly predict both MGMT and IDH1 statuses...
September 2017: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770210/identification-of-publicly-available-data-sources-to-inform-the-conduct-of-health-technology-assessment-in-india
#17
Laura Downey, Neethi Rao, Lorna Guinness, Miqdad Asaria, Shankar Prinja, Anju Sinha, Rajni Kant, Arvind Pandey, Francoise Cluzeau, Kalipso Chalkidou
Background: Health technology assessment (HTA) provides a globally-accepted and structured approach to synthesising evidence for cost and clinical effectiveness alongside ethical and equity considerations to inform evidence-based priorities. India is one of the most recent countries to formally commit to institutionalising HTA as an integral component of the heath resource allocation decision-making process. The effective conduct of HTA depends on the availability of reliable data.   Methods : We draw from our experience of collecting, synthesizing, and analysing health-related datasets in India and internationally, to highlight the complex requirements for undertaking HTA, and explore the availability of such data in India...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769830/low-external-workloads-are-related-to-higher-injury-risk-in-professional-male-basketball-games
#18
Toni Caparrós, Martí Casals, Álvaro Solana, Javier Peña
The primary purpose of this study was to identify potential risk factors for sports injuries in professional basketball. An observational retrospective cohort study involving a male professional basketball team, using game tracking data was conducted during three consecutive seasons. Thirty-three professional basketball players took part in this study. A total of 29 time-loss injuries were recorded during regular season games, accounting for 244 total missed games with a mean of 16.26 ± 15.21 per player and season...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769767/a-comparative-study-on-the-stress-distribution-around-dental-implants-in-three-arch-form-models-for-replacing-six-implants-using-finite-element-analysis
#19
Maryam Zarei, Mahmoud Jahangirnezhad, Hojatollah Yousefimanesh, Maryam Robati, Hossein Robati
Background: Dental implant is a method to replacement of missing teeth. It is important for replacing the missed anterior teeth. In vitro method is a safe method for evaluation of stress distribution. Finite element analysis as an in vitro method evaluated stress distribution around replacement of six maxillary anterior teeth implants in three models of maxillary arch. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, using ABAQUS software (Simulia Corporation, Vélizy-Villacoublay, France), implant simulation was performed for reconstruction of six maxillary anterior teeth in three models...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769151/real-time-automated-detection-of-ventilator-associated-events-avoiding-missed-detections-misclassifications-and-false-detections-due-to-human-error
#20
Erica S Shenoy, Eric S Rosenthal, Yu-Ping Shao, Siddharth Biswal, Manohar Ghanta, Erin E Ryan, Dolores Suslak, Nancy Swanson, Valdery Moura Junior, David C Hooper, M Brandon Westover
OBJECTIVETo validate a system to detect ventilator associated events (VAEs) autonomously and in real time.DESIGNRetrospective review of ventilated patients using a secure informatics platform to identify VAEs (ie, automated surveillance) compared to surveillance by infection control (IC) staff (ie, manual surveillance), including development and validation cohorts.SETTINGThe Massachusetts General Hospital, a tertiary-care academic health center, during January-March 2015 (development cohort) and January-March 2016 (validation cohort)...
May 17, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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