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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806825/-completeness-and-reproducibility-of-surgical-reports-a%C3%A2-retrospective-analysis-of-documentation-quality-using-the-example-of-dupuytren-s-disease
#1
Elisabeth Russe, Andrea Wenger, Gottfried Wechselberger, Hildegunde Piza-Katzer
Background A surgical report is the surgeon's postoperative documentation of the procedure undertaken. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the completeness and accuracy of data extracted from surgical reports, using the example of Dupuytren's disease. Material and Methods Between 1999 and 2007, surgical data were retrospectively collected from all primary Dupuytren's disease procedures performed at an academic department for plastic and reconstructive surgery and analysed for completeness. A surgical report was assessed as complete if data on indication, affected side and finger(s), tourniquet, type of incision and surgical procedure were stated...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806635/oryong-501-sinking-incident-in-the-bering-sea-international-dvi-cooperation-in-the-asia-pacific
#2
Nak-Eun Chung, Anton Castilani, Wilfredo E Tierra, Philip Beh, Mohd Shah Mahmood
On December 1st, 2014, the sinking of Oryong 501 occurred in the Bering Sea off the east coast of Russia. A total of 60 crew members, including 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and 1 Russian inspector were on board out of which only seven survived. Through an international rescue operation, the dead bodies of 27 were found and the remaining 26 crew are still missing. After transferring the dead bodies to the Busan Harbor in South Korea, the operation to identify the deceased began involving DVI teams from three countries: Korea, Indonesia and the Philippines...
August 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806480/aerosolized-prostacyclins-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards
#3
REVIEW
Arash Afshari, Anders Bastholm Bille, Mikkel Allingstrup
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a critical condition that is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Aerosolized prostacyclin has been used to improve oxygenation despite the limited evidence available so far.This review was originally published in 2010 and updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of aerosolized prostacyclin in adults and children with ARDS. SEARCH METHODS: In this update, we searched CENTRAL (2017, Issue 4); MEDLINE (OvidSP), Embase (OvidSP), ISI BIOSIS Previews, ISI Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL (EBSCOhost), and three trials registers...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806412/missed-opportunities-for-hiv-control-gaps-in-hiv-testing-for-partners-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-lima-peru
#4
Ana L Vasquez, Renato A Errea, Daniel Hoces, Juan Echevarria, Elsa González-Lagos, Eduardo Gotuzzo
INTRODUCTION: Based on the hypothesis that HIV programs struggle to deliver health services that harmonize necessities of treatment and prevention, we described the outcomes of routinely provided HIV testing to partners of people living with HIV (PLWH) through a secondary analysis of routine data collected at a public hospital in Lima, Peru. METHODS: Among PLWH enrolled in the study center's HIV program between 2005 and 2014, we identified index cases (IC): PLWH who reported a unique partner not previously enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806338/isolated-second-implant-adaptation-period-in-sequential-cochlear-implantation-in-adults
#5
Kari Smilsky, Peter R Dixon, Leah Smith, David Shipp, Amy Ng, Tara Millman, Suzanne Stewart, Julian M Nedzelski, Vincent Y Lin, Joseph M Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if depriving the use of the first cochlear implant (CI1) impacts adaptation to a sequential implant (CI2). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Academic center. PATIENTS: Sixteen unilateral cochlear implant recipients undergoing contralateral implantation (sequential bilateral) were matched according to age, etiology, duration of deafness, device age, and delay between implants. INTERVENTION: During a 4-week adaptation period after CI2 activation, patients underwent deprivation of CI1 or were permitted continued use of it...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805739/four-bad-habits-of-modern-psychologists
#6
James Grice, Paul Barrett, Lisa Cota, Crystal Felix, Zachery Taylor, Samantha Garner, Eliwid Medellin, Adam Vest
Four data sets from studies included in the Reproducibility Project were re-analyzed to demonstrate a number of flawed research practices (i.e., "bad habits") of modern psychology. Three of the four studies were successfully replicated, but re-analysis showed that in one study most of the participants responded in a manner inconsistent with the researchers' theoretical model. In the second study, the replicated effect was shown to be an experimental confound, and in the third study the replicated statistical effect was shown to be entirely trivial...
August 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805523/the-pace-trial-it-s-time-to-broaden-perceptions-and-move-on
#7
Keith J Petrie, John Weinman
The continued critiques of the PACE trial highlight how differing beliefs about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome still influence how scientific studies in this area are accepted and evaluated. Causal beliefs about chronic fatigue syndrome and a modern version of Cartesian dualism are important in understanding the reaction to the PACE trial. The continued debate on the PACE trial seems to miss the fact that science is incremental. An unfortunate outcome of the PACE controversy and intimidation of researchers may be less research in the area...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805044/nm%C3%AF-improved-re-implementation-of-nm-a-software-for-estimating-gene-dispersal-and-mating-patterns
#8
Igor J Chybicki
This paper introduces the NMπ computer program designed for estimation of plant mating system and seed and pollen dispersal kernels. NMπ is a re-implementation of the NM+ program and provides new features such as support for multi-core processors, explicit treatment of dioecy, the possibility of incorporating uniparentally cytoplasmic markers, the possibility of assessing assortative mating due to phenotypic similarity and inference about offspring genealogies. The probability model of parentage (the neighborhood model) accounts for missing data and genotyping errors, which can be estimated along with regular parameters of the mating system...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#9
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804570/value-of-quality-of-life-analysis-in-liver-cancer-a-clinician-s-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Leung Li, Winnie Yeo
Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly recognized as an important clinical parameter and research endpoint in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HRQOL in HCC patients is multifaceted and affected by medical factor which encompasses HCC and its complications, oncological and palliative treatment for HCC, underlying liver disease, as well as the psychological, social or spiritual reaction to the disease. Many patients presented late with advanced disease and limited survival, plagued with multiple symptoms, rendering QOL a very important aspect in their general well being...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803079/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-survey-to-assess-barriers-to-implementing-advance-care-planning-in-primary-care
#11
Michelle Howard, Andrew G Day, Carrie Bernard, Amy Tan, John You, Doug Klein, Daren K Heyland
CONTEXT: Valid and reliable measurement of barriers to advance care planning (ACP) in health care settings can inform the design of robust interventions. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development and psychometric evaluation of an instrument to measure the presence and magnitude of perceived barriers to ACP discussion with patients from the perspective of family physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed through literature review and expert input, asking family physicians to rate the importance of barriers (0=not at all a barrier, 6=an extreme amount) to ACP discussions with patients, and administered to 117 physicians...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802919/nonmotor-signs-in-genetic-forms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Meike Kasten, Connie Marras, Christine Klein
Although only a minority (i.e., ~5%) of Parkinson's disease (PD) cases is due to well-defined genetic causes, important clues about the common, "idiopathic" PD (iPD) can be garnered from monogenic model diseases. Nonmotor signs (NMS) are also present in monogenic PD and reviewed in this chapter for the confirmed PD genes SNCA, LRRK2, VPS35, Parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and the risk factor gene GBA. Within the context of the MDSGene database (www.mdsgene.org), we performed a systematic literature search and extracted information on cognitive decline, depression, psychotic signs and symptoms, autonomic signs and symptoms, anxiety, sleep disorder, and olfactory impairment...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802756/feasibility-of-using-global-system-for-mobile-communication-gsm-based-tracking-for-vaccinators-to-improve-oral-poliomyelitis-vaccine-campaign-coverage-in-rural-pakistan
#13
Subhash Chandir, Vijay Kumar Dharma, Danya Arif Siddiqi, Aamir Javed Khan
Despite multiple rounds of immunization campaigns, it has not been possible to achieve optimum immunization coverage for poliovirus in Pakistan. Supplementary activities to improve coverage of immunization, such as door-to-door campaigns are constrained by several factors including inaccurate hand-drawn maps and a lack of means to objectively monitor field teams in real time, resulting in suboptimal vaccine coverage during campaigns. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) - based tracking of mobile subscriber identity modules (SIMs) of vaccinators provides a low-cost solution to identify missed areas and ensure effective immunization coverage...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802694/exposure-to-ambient-particulate-matter-is-associated-with-accelerated-functional-decline-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#14
Christopher J Winterbottom, Rupal J Shah, Karen C Patterson, Maryl E Kreider, Reynold A Panettieri, Belinda Rivera-Lebron, Wallace T Miller, Leslie A Litzky, Trevor M Penning, Krista Heinlen, Tara Jackson, A Russell Localio, Jason D Christie
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a progressive disease with unknown pathogenesis, may in part be due to an abnormal response to injurious stimuli by alveolar epithelial cells. Air pollution and particulate matter inhalation evoke a wide variety of pulmonary and systemic inflammatory diseases. We therefore hypothesized that increased average ambient particulate matter (PM) concentrations would be associated with an accelerated rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) in IPF...
August 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802662/the-metastasis-status-and-tumor-burden-associated-ca125-level-combined-with-the-cd4-cd8-ratio-predicts-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-a%C3%A2-new-scoring-system
#15
C Yang, H Cheng, G Luo, Y Lu, M Guo, K Jin, Z Wang, X Yu, C Liu
INTRODUCTION: Although CA125 and the tumor immune response have been reported to be associated with pancreatic cancer, their prognostic value for advanced pancreatic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy remain uncertain. We thus studied the prognostic value of the combination of the CA125 level with the CD4/CD8 ratio. METHODS: After excluding patients who were lost to follow-up or for whom complete clinical data were missing, 369 participants were ultimately examined...
July 29, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802542/the-impact-of-intravenous-alteplase-on-long-term-patient-survival-the-georgia-coverdell-acute-stroke-registry-s-experience
#16
Moges S Ido, Michael R Frankel, Ike S Okosun, Richard B Rothenberg
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous alteplase reduces disability and improves functionality among acute ischemic stroke patients. Two decades after its approval, only a small fraction of patients get the treatment, and demonstrating its impact on mortality may make a strong case for its wider use. This study assessed the impact of thrombolytic treatment by alteplase on 1-year mortality and readmission among acute ischemic stroke patients. METHOD: The 2008-2013 Georgia Coverdell Acute Stroke Registry data were linked with the 2008-2013 hospital discharge and the 2008-2014 death data in Georgia...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802412/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-sige-mutant-st28-used-as-a-vaccine-induces-protective-immunity-in-the-guinea-pig-model
#17
JoLynn Troudt, Elizabeth Creissen, Linda Izzo, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann, Stefano Casonato, Riccardo Manganelli, Angelo A Izzo
With more than 9 million new infections and 1.5 million deaths claimed every year, tuberculosis remains one of the major scourges of humankind. The only vaccine available against this disease, the attenuated strain Mycobacterium bovis, BCG is effective against severe forms of the disease in infants, but scarcely effective in protecting adults from the pulmonary form of the disease, thus not stopping transmission. Consequently, the development of an effective anti-tuberculosis vaccine is a major goal for improving global health...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801025/toward-an-mri-based-nomogram-for-the-prediction-of-transperineal-prostate-biopsy-outcome-a-physician-and-patient-decision-tool
#18
Su-Min Lee, Sidath H Liyanage, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Konrad Wolfe, Thomas Carr, Choudhry Younis, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Rick Popert, Peter Acher
PURPOSE: To develop and internally validate a nomogram using biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (B-MRI)-derived variables for the prediction of prostate cancer at transperineal sector-guided prostate biopsy (TPSB). SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients referred to our institution with raised prostate-specific antigen (PSA), abnormal prostate examination, or persistent suspicion of prostate cancer after previous transrectal biopsy between July 2012 and November 2015 were reviewed from a prospective database...
August 8, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800832/knowledge-of-appropriate-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiogram-ordering-in-primary-care-physicians-and-trainees
#19
Sean M Lang, Joshua A Daily, Micheal R FitzGerald, Xinyu Tang, Thomas H Best, James M Robbins, R Thomas Collins
Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the initial use of outpatient pediatric echocardiography were established to aid all clinicians in the evaluation of children with possible heart disease, and limit low diagnostic yield studies. We sought to (1) assess PCPs' and trainees' awareness of the AUC document; (2) compare their knowledge of appropriate echocardiogram ordering with that of pediatric cardiologists; and (3) identify additional medical and nonmedical factors affecting PCP echocardiogram ordering. An online survey with clinical scenarios derived from the AUC guidelines was distributed to PCPs and trainees in Arkansas, and pediatric cardiologists from Arkansas Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800327/analytical-strategy-to-prioritize-alzheimer-s-disease-candidate-genes-in-gene-regulatory-networks-using-public-expression-data
#20
Shweta Bagewadi Kawalia, Tamara Raschka, Mufassra Naz, Ricardo de Matos Simoes, Philipp Senger, Martin Hofmann-Apitius
Alzheimer's disease (AD) progressively destroys cognitive abilities in the aging population with tremendous effects on memory. Despite recent progress in understanding the underlying mechanisms, high drug attrition rates have put a question mark behind our knowledge about its etiology. Re-evaluation of past studies could help us to elucidate molecular-level details of this disease. Several methods to infer such networks exist, but most of them do not elaborate on context specificity and completeness of the generated networks, missing out on lesser-known candidates...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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