Read by QxMD icon Read


Ching-Yu Lee, Yen-Yao Li, Tsan-Wen Huang, Tsung-Yu Huang, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Yao-Hung Tsai, Jou-Chen Huang, Kuo-Chin Huang
PURPOSE: No reports have been published on synchronous multifocal necrotizing fasciitis (SMNF), a multifocal presence of necrotizing fasciitis in different extremities. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of SMNF. METHODS: Eighteen patients (14 men, 4 women; mean age: 59 years) diagnosed with SMNF of the extremities between January 2004 to December 2012 were enrolled and evaluated. RESULTS: Vibrio species were the most commonly (78%; n = 14) isolated; others were two cases (11%) of Aeromonas spp...
October 24, 2016: Infection
A R Kang, J Kumar, A Bourke, F Frost, A A Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Falco Hietbrink, Lonneke G Bode, Louis Riddez, Luke P H Leenen, Marijke R van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon, rapidly progressive and potential lethal condition. Over the last decade time to surgery decreased and outcome improved, most likely due to increased awareness and more timely referral. Early recognition is key to improve mortality and morbidity. However, early referral frequently makes it a challenge to recognize this heterogeneous disease in its initial stages. Signs and symptoms might be misleading or absent, while the most prominent skin marks might be in discrepancy with the position of the fascial necrosis...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Joseph Tseng, Peter Poullos
Fournier's gangrene is a severe polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, or perianal regions. The classic presentation is severe pain and swelling with systemic signs. Crepitus and cutaneous necrosis are often seen. Characteristic CT findings include subcutaneous gas and inflammatory stranding. Unless treated aggressively, patients can rapidly become septic and die. Factitious Disorder is the falsification of one's own of medical or psychological signs and symptoms. Many deceptive methods have been described, from falsely reporting physical or psychological symptoms, to manipulating lab tests, or even injecting or ingesting foreign substances in order to induce illness...
September 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Ahmed Radwan, Matthew Wyland, Lee Applequist, Erin Bolowsky, Heather Klingensmith, Isaac Virag
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common cause of heel pain that affects 10% of the general population, whether living an athletic or sedentary lifestyle. The most frequent mechanism of injury is an inflammatory response that is caused by repetitive micro trauma. Many techniques are available to diagnose PF, including the use of ultrasonography (US). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically review and appraise previously published articles published between the years 2000 and 2015 that evaluated the effectiveness of using US in the process of diagnosing PF, as compared to alternative diagnostic methods...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Ajithakumari Kumaran, Sathi Puthenparambath
A 10-year-old boy presented with a swelling of the left mid upper arm of 1 month duration. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis of pseudosarcomatous lesion, suggestive of nodular fasciitis, was made and advised radiological examination. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis was benign fibroblastic tumor. Excisional biopsy was done and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of nodular fasciitis. As of now, the child is absolutely alright after 1 year.
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
K Zemplenyi, B Lopez, M Sardesai, J K Dillon
The progression of odontogenic infections to necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) is unknown. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score is used to predict risk of NSTI. This study aimed to (1) estimate the frequency at which odontogenic infections progress to NSTIs, (2) measure the value of LRINEC in predicting progression to NSTI, and (3) estimate the charges associated with managing NSTIs. This retrospective cohort study enrolled all subjects admitted for the management of odontogenic infections from 2001 to 2013...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Christopher Thom, Mary Warlaumont
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound has an increasing role in characterizing soft-tissue infections and has been described previously in the evaluation of necrotizing fasciitis (NF). The identification of air within the soft tissues can be very suggestive of NF in the correct clinical context. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old male presented to the emergency department with extensive lower-extremity redness and edema. A point-of-care ultrasound revealed hyperechoic areas within the soft tissues consistent with air, and the patient was taken to surgery and found to have NF...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Marián Švajdler, Michael Michal, Pavol Dubinský, Peter Švajdler, Ondrej Ondič, Michal Michal
We describe a case of an unusual endometrial endometrioid carcinoma occurring in a 67-year-old woman. The tumor involved uterine corpus as well as lower uterine segment and presented as polypoid tumor protruding through the cervical orifice. Microscopically, the tumor was characterized by broad zones of cytologically bland fibromyxoid stroma resembling nodular fasciitis, showing vaguely nodular architecture. Neoplastic glands were characterized by interconnected elongated slit-like and large cystic profiles, mostly lined by flattened epithelium with variable squamous differentiation, whereas typical columnar endometrioid cells were only focally present...
November 2016: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Henrik Galust, Matthew H Oliverio, Daniel J Giorgio, Alexis M Espinal, Rami Ahmed
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare and rapidly progressing life-threatening infectious process. By progressing through a simulation involving a patient with NF and participating in a post-scenario debriefing, learners will gain the necessary skills and knowledge to properly diagnose and manage patients with NF. Learners are taught to initiate appropriate and timely treatment and to advocate on behalf of their patient after inappropriate pushback from consultants to improve outcomes.
August 31, 2016: Curēus
Sreekanth Raveendran, Dukhabandhu Naik, Samuel C Raj Pallapati, John Jude Prakash, Binu Prathap Thomas, Nihal Thomas
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic Infections of the hand in diabetes are largely a tropical entity and published material in the area are rather meagre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study on the pattern of hand infections and involves the microbiological profile of 39 cases of diabetes hand-related infections admitted to the hospital between the years 2004 and 2010. RESULTS: This study included 39 patients, among whom 23 (59%) had necrotizing fasciitis (NF), and 16 (9-abscess and 7-tenosynovitis) had nonnecrotizing infection...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Aseem Sharma, Rahul Ray, Jandhyala Sridhar, Arti Trehan, Manish Khandare
Eosinophilic fasciitis, also known as Shulman's syndrome, is a fibrosing scleroderma-like syndrome, which is a distinct entity. A 55-year-old man, presented with progressive skin darkening, thickening, and tightening over the left lower limb since 6 months. Dermatological examination revealed a hyperpigmented indurated area on the left thigh, extending to the anterior aspect of the left leg. A well-defined hypopigmented indurated plaque was present over the left iliac region. Histopathology and imaging studies confirmed the diagnosis of eosinophilic fasciitis and lichen sclerosus...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Gary M LiMarzi, Kurt F Scherer, Michael L Richardson, David R Warden, Christopher W Wasyliw, Jack A Porrino, Christopher R Pettis, Gideon Lewis, Christopher C Mason, Laura W Bancroft
A variety of surgical procedures exist for repair of both traumatic and degenerative osseous and soft-tissue pathologic conditions involving the foot and ankle. It is necessary for the radiologist to be familiar with these surgical procedures, so as to assess structural integrity, evaluate for complicating features, and avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Adequate interpretation of postoperative changes often requires access to surgical documentation to evaluate not only the surgery itself but the expected timeline for resolution of normal postoperative changes versus progressive disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Mohammad Reza Hayeri, Pouya Ziai, Monda L Shehata, Oleg M Teytelboym, Brady K Huang
Infection of the musculoskeletal system can be associated with high mortality and morbidity if not promptly and accurately diagnosed. These infections are generally diagnosed and managed clinically; however, clinical and laboratory findings sometimes lack sensitivity and specificity, and a definite diagnosis may not be possible. In uncertain situations, imaging is frequently performed to confirm the diagnosis, evaluate the extent of the disease, and aid in treatment planning. In particular, cross-sectional imaging, including computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, provides detailed anatomic information in the evaluation of soft tissues due to their inherent high spatial and contrast resolution...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Jorge Elizondo-Rodriguez, Ricardo Lopez-Cavazos, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Mario Simental-Mendia, Oscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options for plantar fasciitis currently exist, some with great success in pain relief. The objective of our study was to compare the use of intralesional steroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), using pain scales and functional evaluation, in patients with plantar fasciitis who did not respond to conservative treatment. METHODS: A controlled, randomized, blinded clinical assay was performed. Patients were assigned to one of the two groups by selecting a sealed envelope...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Gerardo Bosco, Giacomo Garetto, Alessandro Rubini, Antonio Paoli, Prachiti Dalvi, Devanand Mangar, Enrico M Camporesi
INTRODUCTION: Some patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) might require repetitive hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) while receiving critical care. In such cases, the presence of a hyperbaric chamber located inside or near an ICU is preferable; however, this set-up is not always possible. In Padua, the "Associazione Tecnici IPerbarici" hyperbaric centre is a stand-alone facility outside of a hospital. Despite this, selected ICU patients receive HBOT at this facility. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records from 2003 to 2013 of 75 consecutive, critically-ill patients, 28 of whom were initially intubated and mechanically ventilated whilst undergoing HBOT...
September 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Kegan Jessamy, Fidelis O Ojevwe, Ezinnaya Ubagharaji, Anuj Sharma, Obiajulu Anozie, Christy Ann Gilman, Sekou Rawlins
Clostridium septicum is a highly virulent pathogen which is associated with colorectal malignancy, hematological malignancy, immunosuppression, diabetes mellitus and cyclical neutropenia. Presentation may include disseminated clostridial infection in the form of septicemia, gas gangrene, and mycotic aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 62-year-old female presenting with necrotizing fasciitis of her left thigh and subsequently developing rectal bleeding. While she was being treated with empiric antibiotics, her blood culture was found to be positive for C...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Antonio Cossu, Giuseppe Palmieri, Fabrizio Scognamillo, Carlo Pala, Rita Nonnis, Giovanni Sotgiu, Alessandro Fois, Grazia Palomba, Federico Attene
BACKGROUND: This article describes the demographic, clinical, pathological and prognostic features of breast nodular fasciitis through a comprehensive review of the cases reported in modern literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: English-language articles published from January 1970 to October 2015 and related to breast nodular fasciitis were non-systematically retrieved using the PubMed database. Titles, abstracts and references were evaluated in order to include the most relevant studies...
August 2016: Breast Care
Caterina Rebecchini, Antoine Nobile, Simonetta Piana, Rossella Sarro, Bettina Bisig, Sykiotis P Gerasimos, Chiara Saglietti, Maurice Matter, Laura Marino, Massimo Bongiovanni
Various histological variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma have been reported, some with clinical implications, some with peculiar, sometimes misleading morphologies. One of these rare and poorly characterized variants is papillary thyroid carcinoma with nodular fasciitis-like stroma, of which fewer than 30 cases have been documented, mostly as isolated reports. It is a dual tumor comprising a malignant epithelial proliferation that harbors typical features of conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma, admixed with a prominent mesenchymal proliferation resembling nodular fasciitis or fibromatosis...
October 7, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Remigio Pernetti, Fabiano Palmieri, Elisabetta Sagrini, Marco Negri, Claudio Morisi, Andrea Carbone, Paolo Bassi, Salvatore Voce
Fournier's gangrene is a life-threatening acute necrotizing fasciitis of perianal,genitourinary and perineal areas. Nowadays, is well known that Fournier gangrene is almost never an idiopathic disease. In this article we report a case of a 70-year-old patient that initially was not treated properly. The gold standard therapy of the Fournier's gangrene remains today a complete, early and extended surgical debridement.
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"