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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430697/ethosuximide-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-beneficial-effect-of-early-intervention-with-high-dose-corticosteroid-therapy
#1
Kota Tachibana, Toshihisa Hamada, Hiroki Tsuchiya, Takashi Shibata, Kazuyasu Fujii, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Keiji Iwatsuki
We report two rare cases of childhood epilepsy patients who developed ethosuximide-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). Unlike typical SJS, the initial eruption of both patients presented well-demarcated, infiltrating firm papules mainly on the cheeks and the extensor aspects of the arms (case 1), and multiple vesicles on the soles and oral aphthosis (case 2), which closely mimicked viral exanthema. We diagnosed both patients with ethosuximide-induced SJS, based on the dosing period and the positive results of drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419911/normoglycemic-glucagonoma-syndrome-associated-with-necrolytic-migratory-erythema
#2
R Feldmann, S Wahl, A Steiner
Glucagonoma is an extremely rare tumor of the pancreatic alpha-cells. Its estimated annual incidence is 1 case per 20 million individuals. Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME) is the hallmark clinical sign. We report a patient with normoglycemic glucagonoma and NME. A 44-year-old male patient presented with a 4-year history of unexplained exanthema and unintentional weight loss. Skin examination revealed a mildly pruritic rash on the trunc, the extremities and the face (fig 1). One found erythematous polycyclic migratory lesions with scaling and crusting margins and central resolution...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399806/occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-antibiotics-in-healthcare-workers%C3%A2-%C3%A2-relationship-with-non-immediate-drug-eruptions
#3
Vítor Pinheiro, Catarina Pestana, André Pinho, Isabel Antunes, Margarida Gonçalo
BACKGROUND: Occupational allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in healthcare workers (HCWs) is common, but systemic antibiotics are rarely reported as the cause. OBJECTIVES: Characterize occupational ACD by handling systemic antibiotics. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed of ACD caused by systemic antibiotics among HCWs patch tested between 2010 and 2016 with a series of systemic antibiotics. RESULTS: We studied 4 female nurses aged 28-47 years who developed ACD while working in surgical departments...
February 5, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396639/-necrotizing-exanthema-mucous-membrane-alterations-and-atypical-pneumonia-in-an-indonesian-priest
#4
S Herz, W Sondermann, S Esser, A Körber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392710/clinical-pharmacogenetics-implementation-consortium-guideline-for-hla-genotype-and-use-of-carbamazepine-and-oxcarbazepine-2017-update
#5
Elizabeth J Phillips, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Michelle Whirl-Carrillo, Daniel J Müller, Henry M Dunnenberger, Wasun Chantratita, Barry Goldspiel, Yuan-Tsong Chen, Bruce C Carleton, Alfred L George, Taisei Mushiroda, Teri Klein, Roseann S Gammal, Munir Pirmohamed
The variant allele HLA-B*15:02 is strongly associated with greater risk of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) in patients treated with carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine. The variant allele HLA-A*31:01 is associated with greater risk of maculopapular exanthema, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, and SJS/TEN in patients treated with carbamazepine. We summarize evidence from the published literature supporting these associations and provide recommendations for carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine use based on HLA genotypes...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372264/-lichenoid-drug-reactions
#6
REVIEW
H F Merk, L Vanstreels, M Megahed
Lichenoid drug reactions are rare compared to typical morbilliform drug exanthema or urticaria. They are associated with specific drugs or drug families like gold, antimalarial drugs, β‑blockers and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors. Recent observations included associations with novel drugs such as biologics (e. g. tumour necrosis factor antagonists) and immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-programme cell death protein 1 antibodies). Lichenoid drug reactions most often resemble lichen planus mainly in areas of ultraviolet-light exposed skin, but also mucosal lichen planus and even bullous lesions may occur...
January 25, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356000/generalized-reactions-during-skin-testing-with-clindamycin-in-drug-hypersensitivity-a-report-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Eleni Papakonstantinou, Sabine Müller, Jan H Röhrbein, Dorothea Wieczorek, Alexander Kapp, Thilo Jakob, Bettina Wedi
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic approach to drug hypersensitivity includes a detailed medical history, clinical examination, and skin testing and/or oral challenge with a culprit or alternative drug, depending on the type of reaction and the suspected drugs. Although skin testing is considered to be rather safe, cutaneous and systemic, including fatal, reactions have been described. OBJECTIVES: To report 3 cases with generalized delayed reactions after skin testing with clindamycin, and to review the existing literature...
January 22, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350020/cutaneous-drug-reactions-to-antiepileptic-drugs-and-relation-with-hla-alleles-in-the-turkish-population
#8
S Büyüköztürk, Ç Kekik, A Z Gökyiğit, F I Tezer Filik, G Karakaya, S Saygi, A B Dursun, S Kirbaş, A Tüfekçi, A Z Sin, I Aydoğdu, M H Sorgun, N Aydin, A Gelincik, B Çolakoğlu, G Çelik, F Oğuz
Background and objective. Many studies have shown associations between HLAB*15:02, HLA-A*31:01 and carbamazepine (CBZ)-induced delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions. The aim of this study is to evaluate a possible association between delayed cutaneous reactions to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and certain HLA-A and HLA-B alleles in the Turkish population. Methods. The study consisted of 3 groups: Group I (reactive group) included the patients who had documented delayed cutaneous reactions to any antiepileptic drug...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340257/symmetrical-drug-related-intertriginous-and-flexural-exanthema-induced-by-doxycycline
#9
David G Li, Cristina Thomas, Gil S Weintraub, Arash Mostaghimi
Symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE) is a cutaneous drug reaction characterized by erythema over the buttocks, thighs, groin, and flexural regions most commonly associated with the use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Although the exact pathophysiology of this disease remains unknown, it is theorized to be the result of a delayed hypersensitivity response presenting as a cutaneous eruption days to weeks after exposure to the drug. The treatment involves discontinuation of the suspected medication, symptomatic control of pruritus, and topical steroid therapy...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288229/genetic-variation-in-cfh-predicts-phenytoin-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-in-european-descent-patients
#10
Mark McCormack, Hongsheng Gui, Andrés Ingason, Doug Speed, Galen E B Wright, Eunice J Zhang, Rodrigo Secolin, Clarissa Yasuda, Maxwell Kwok, Stefan Wolking, Felicitas Becker, Sarah Rau, Andreja Avbersek, Kristin Heggeli, Costin Leu, Chantal Depondt, Graeme J Sills, Anthony G Marson, Pauls Auce, Martin J Brodie, Ben Francis, Michael R Johnson, Bobby P C Koeleman, Pasquale Striano, Antonietta Coppola, Federico Zara, Wolfram S Kunz, Josemir W Sander, Holger Lerche, Karl Martin Klein, Sarah Weckhuysen, Martin Krenn, Lárus J Gudmundsson, Kári Stefánsson, Roland Krause, Neil Shear, Colin J D Ross, Norman Delanty, Munir Pirmohamed, Bruce C Carleton, Fernando Cendes, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Wei-Ping Liao, Terence J O'Brien, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Stacey Cherny, Patrick Kwan, Larry Baum, Gianpiero L Cavalleri
OBJECTIVE: To characterize, among European and Han Chinese populations, the genetic predictors of maculopapular exanthema (MPE), a cutaneous adverse drug reaction common to antiepileptic drugs. METHODS: We conducted a case-control genome-wide association study of autosomal genotypes, including Class I and II human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles, in 323 cases and 1,321 drug-tolerant controls from epilepsy cohorts of northern European and Han Chinese descent. Results from each cohort were meta-analyzed...
December 29, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249113/-delayed-allergic-reaction-to-amlodipine-with-a-positive-lymphocyte-transformation-test
#11
Olga Patricia Monge-Ortega, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Miguel González-Muñoz, Rosario Cabañas, Magdalena Lluch-Bernal, Ana Fiandor, Luz Yadira Bravo-Gallego, Santiago Quirce
BACKGROUND: Amlodipine is one of the third generation dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers used for hypertension. Mild, moderate and severe reactions have been reported with calcium channel blockers. Cross-reactivity among these drugs has not been established. CLINICAL REPORT: We have presented the case of a patient who developed a delayed pruritic, and erythematous maculopapular skin exanthema after the intake of amlodipine. A positive lymphocyte transformation test (LTT) confirmed the implication of amlodipine in the reaction and showed positivity to another calcium channel blocker, nifedipine, demonstrating cross reactivity...
October 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238301/association-of-hla-a-and-hla-b-alleles-with-lamotrigine-induced-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-in-the-thai-population
#12
Napatrupron Koomdee, Jirawat Pratoomwun, Thawinee Jantararoungtong, Voralaksana Theeramoke, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Siwalee Santon, Apichaya Puangpetch, Utcharee Intusoma, Therdpong Tempark, Tayard Deesudchit, Patompong Satapornpong, Anannit Visudtibhan, Chonlaphat Sukasem
Background: Lamotrigine (LTG) is commonly used for treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. It is one of the common cause of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR). Clinical symptoms of LTG-induced CADR range from maculopapular exanthema (MPE) to severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCAR). This study aimed to determine the association of the LTG-induced CADR with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles in Thai patients. Methods: Fifteen patients with LTG-induced CADR [10 MPE; 4 Stevens-Johnson syndrome; and 1 drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms] and 50 LTG-tolerant controls were included in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226159/immunohistopathological-findings-of-severe-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions
#13
REVIEW
Mari Orime
Diagnosis of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions should involve immunohistopathological examination, which gives insight into the pathomechanisms of these disorders. The characteristic histological findings of erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) provide conclusive evidence demonstrating that SJS/TEN can be distinguished from EM. Established SJS/TEN shows full-thickness, extensive keratinocyte necrosis that develops into subepidermal bullae. Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) and exanthema in drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) each display a variety of histopathological findings, which may partly correlate with the clinical manifestations...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225976/intensive-care-in-a-patient-with-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#14
J Wallenborn, M Fischer
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a serious adverse drug reaction with high lethality, which usually requires intensive-medical care. A 44-year-old man developed generalized exanthema with increasing exfoliation and mucosal involvement after taking allopurinol, ibuprofen, and etoricoxib. The clinical diagnosis of TEN was histologically confirmed. Prednisolone therapy with 3 mg/kg body weight (BW) was not able to prevent further progress to finally 80% of the body surface, and infliximab 5 mg/kg BW was given as a single dose...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204404/symmetric-drug-related-intertriginous-and-flexural-exanthema-due-to-itraconazole-an-uncommon-side-effect-of-a-commonly-used-drug
#15
Madhuchhanda Mohapatra, Maitreyee Panda, Bikash R Kar, Chinmoy Raj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194985/a-multiplex-reverse-transcription-pcr-and-automated-electronic-microarray-assay-for-detection-and-differentiation-of-seven-viruses-affecting-swine
#16
A Erickson, M Fisher, T Furukawa-Stoffer, A Ambagala, D Hodko, J Pasick, D P King, C Nfon, R Ortega Polo, O Lung
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus [PRRSV] and porcine circovirus type 2 [PCV2])...
November 30, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175371/natural-history-of-benign-nonimmediate-allergy-to-beta-lactams-in-children-a-prospective-study-in-retreated-patients-after-a-positive-and-a-negative-provocation-test
#17
Aude Tonson la Tour, Marine Michelet, Philippe A Eigenmann, Jean-Christoph Caubet
BACKGROUND: The drug provocation test (DPT) is considered as the gold standard to diagnose drug allergy and is particularly important in the diagnosis of nonimmediate beta-lactam (BL) allergy in children. The natural history of BL allergy remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our main aim was to evaluate the natural history of nonimmediate BL hypersensitivity and the long-term tolerance acquisition, and our secondary objective was to determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of the DPT following a 2-day protocol...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142122/adaptive-immune-responses-following-senecavirus-a-infection-in-pigs
#18
Mayara F Maggioli, Steve Lawson, Marcelo de Lima, Lok R Joshi, Tatiane C Faccin, Fernando V Bauermann, Diego G Diel
Senecavirus A (SVA), an emerging picornavirus of swine, causes vesicular disease (VD) that is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in pigs. Many aspects of SVA interactions with the host and the host immune responses to infection, however, remain unknown. In the present study, humoral and cellular immune responses to SVA were evaluated following infection in pigs. We show that SVA infection elicited an early and robust neutralizing antibody (NA) response, which coincided with and was strongly correlated with VP2- and VP3-specific IgM responses...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031417/-skin-pigmentation-induced-by-meropenem-and-levofloxacin
#19
E Garval, V Vuiblet, A Durlach, G Perceau, D Anuset, P Bernard
BACKGROUND: Various cutaneous side-effects, including, exanthema, pruritus, urticaria and Lyell or Stevens-Johnson syndrome, have been reported with meropenem (carbapenem), a rarely-prescribed antibiotic. Levofloxacin (fluoroquinolone), a more frequently prescribed antibiotic, has similar cutaneous side-effects, as well as photosensitivity. We report a case of cutaneous hyperpigmentation induced by meropenem and levofloxacin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 67-year-old male was treated with meropenem (1g×4 daily), levofloxacin (500mg twice daily) and amikacin (500mg daily) for 2 weeks, followed by meropenem, levofloxacin and rifampicin (600mg twice daily) for 4 weeks for osteitis of the fifth metatarsal...
October 11, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027615/assessment-of-the-role-of-everolimus-therapy-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-based-on-daily-routine-and-recent-research-results
#20
Anikó Maráz, András Csejtei, Judit Kocsis, Miklós Szűcs, Zsuzsanna Kahán, György Bodoky, Magdolna Dank, László Mangel, János Révész, Zoltán Varga, Lajos Géczi
Everolimus is indicated for adults with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) after failure of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). Currently, the therapeutic applicability of EVE has been changing. Multicenter evaluation of efficacy and safety of everolimus in daily routine and definition of patient characteristics with favorable outcome. Data of 165 patients from 9 oncology institutes in Hungary were analyzed retrospectively. Everolimus therapy was used after one TKI in 10 mg starting dose...
October 13, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
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