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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110037/a-novel-integrated-in-vitro-carcinogenicity-test-to-identify-genotoxic-and-non-genotoxic-carcinogens-using-human-lymphoblastoid-cells
#1
Eleanor C Wilde, Katherine E Chapman, Leanne M Stannard, Anna L Seager, Katja Brüsehafer, Ume-Kulsoom Shah, James A Tonkin, M Rowan Brown, Jatin R Verma, Ann T Doherty, George E Johnson, Shareen H Doak, Gareth J S Jenkins
Human exposure to carcinogens occurs via a plethora of environmental sources, with 70-90% of cancers caused by extrinsic factors. Aberrant phenotypes induced by such carcinogenic agents may provide universal biomarkers for cancer causation. Both current in vitro genotoxicity tests and the animal-testing paradigm in human cancer risk assessment fail to accurately represent and predict whether a chemical causes human carcinogenesis. The study aimed to establish whether the integrated analysis of multiple cellular endpoints related to the Hallmarks of Cancer could advance in vitro carcinogenicity assessment...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025835/the-climb-complex-lipids-in-mothers-and-babies-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-three-group-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-effect-of-supplementation-of-complex-lipids-in-pregnancy-on-maternal-ganglioside-status-and-subsequent-cognitive
#2
Shuai Huang, Ting-Ting Mo, Tom Norris, Si Sun, Ting Zhang, Ting-Li Han, Angela Rowan, Yin-Yin Xia, Hua Zhang, Hong-Bo Qi, Philip N Baker
INTRODUCTION: Complex lipids are important constituents of the central nervous system. Studies have shown that supplementation with complex milk lipids (CML) in pregnancy may increase the level of fetal gangliosides (GA), with the potential to improve cognitive outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We aim to recruit approximately 1500 pregnant women in the first trimester (11-14 weeks) and randomise them into one of the three treatment groups: standard maternal milk formulation, CML-enhanced maternal milk formulation or no maternal milk intervention with standard pregnancy advice (ie, the standard care)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694034/insertion-and-deletion-derived-tumour-specific-neoantigens-and-the-immunogenic-phenotype-a-pan-cancer-analysis
#3
Samra Turajlic, Kevin Litchfield, Hang Xu, Rachel Rosenthal, Nicholas McGranahan, James L Reading, Yien Ning S Wong, Andrew Rowan, Nnennaya Kanu, Maise Al Bakir, Tim Chambers, Roberto Salgado, Peter Savas, Sherene Loi, Nicolai J Birkbak, Laurent Sansregret, Martin Gore, James Larkin, Sergio A Quezada, Charles Swanton
BACKGROUND: The focus of tumour-specific antigen analyses has been on single nucleotide variants (SNVs), with the contribution of small insertions and deletions (indels) less well characterised. We investigated whether the frameshift nature of indel mutations, which create novel open reading frames and a large quantity of mutagenic peptides highly distinct from self, might contribute to the immunogenic phenotype. METHODS: We analysed whole-exome sequencing data from 5777 solid tumours, spanning 19 cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas...
August 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559924/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-universal-prevention-program-for-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#4
Rowan Burckhardt, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Philip J Batterham, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Fiona Shand
BACKGROUND: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14-16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388200/directional-limits-on-persistent-gravitational-waves-from-advanced-ligo-s-first-observing-run
#5
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, M Belgin, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, W Campbell, M Canepa, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, E Coughlin, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, G S Davies, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, R Day, S De, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R C Essick, Z Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, A Fernández Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, D B Kelley, R Kennedy, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, Whansun Kim, W Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, B Klein, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, N A Lockerbie, A L Lombardi, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, C McGrath, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, A Mytidis, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, E Rhoades, F Ricci, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, S Schlassa, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, Y Setyawati, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, M S Shahriar, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, D Tao, M Tápai, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, T Tippens, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, R Tso, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We employ gravitational-wave radiometry to map the stochastic gravitational wave background expected from a variety of contributing mechanisms and test the assumption of isotropy using data from the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory's (aLIGO) first observing run. We also search for persistent gravitational waves from point sources with only minimal assumptions over the 20-1726 Hz frequency band. Finding no evidence of gravitational waves from either point sources or a stochastic background, we set limits at 90% confidence...
March 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365244/the-cam-icu-has-now-a-french-official-version-the-translation-process-of-the-2014-updated-complete-training-manual-of-the-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-intensive-care-unit-in-french-cam-icu-fr
#6
Gérald Chanques, Océane Garnier, Julie Carr, Matthieu Conseil, Audrey de Jong, Christine M Rowan, Eugene W Ely, Samir Jaber
INTRODUCTION: Delirium is common in Intensive-Care-Unit (ICU) patients but under-recognized by bed-side clinicians when not using validated delirium-screening tools. The Confusion-Assessment-Method for the ICU (CAM-ICU) has demonstrated very good psychometric properties, and has been translated into many different languages though not into French. We undertook this opportunity to describe the translation process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The translation was performed following recommended guidelines...
October 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180045/juvenile-nasal-angiofibromas-a-comparison-of-modern-staging-systems-in-an-endoscopic-era
#7
Nicholas R Rowan, Nathan T Zwagerman, Molly E Heft-Neal, Paul A Gardner, Carl H Snyderman
Objectives To compare the clinical utility of four juvenile nasal angiofibroma (JNA) staging systems in a large cohort of patients. Design Retrospective case series. Setting Tertiary referral academic center. Participants Pediatric patients undergoing surgical resection of JNAs between January 2008 and June 2015. Main Outcome Measures Intraoperative blood loss and transfusions, number of staged operations, postoperative residual disease, and recurrent disease. Results In total, 34 patients were identified; all underwent preoperative embolization followed by surgery...
February 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351714/bellwether-procedures-for-monitoring-and-planning-essential-surgical-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-caesarean-delivery-laparotomy-and-treatment-of-open-fractures
#8
Kathleen M O'Neill, Sarah L M Greenberg, Meena Cherian, Rowan D Gillies, Kimberly M Daniels, Nobhojit Roy, Nakul P Raykar, Johanna N Riesel, David Spiegel, David A Watters, Russell L Gruen
BACKGROUND: Surgical conditions represent a significant proportion of the global burden of disease, and therefore, surgery is an essential component of health systems. Achieving universal health coverage requires effective monitoring of access to surgery. However, there is no widely accepted standard for the required capabilities of a first-level hospital. We aimed to determine whether a group of operations could be used to describe the delivery of essential surgical care. METHODS: We convened an expert panel to identify procedures that might indicate the presence of resources needed to treat an appropriate range of surgical conditions at first-level hospitals...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302708/a-brief-assessment-for-hiv-risk-the-tcu-hvhp-form
#9
Grace A Rowan, George W Joe, Wayne E K Lehman, Kevin Knight
Targeted HIV screens may help identify some risk-related concerns of drug-using offenders. The present study describes the Texas Christian University HIV/Hepatitis Risk Assessment (TCU HVHP) form, a 19-item self-report instrument measuring HIV and hepatitis risks based on a sample (N = 1,056) of offenders in eight prisons. Principal components analysis indicated four scales (Injection Risk, Condom Attitudes, Sex Risk, and AIDS Concern) with reliable psychometric properties with coefficient α reliabilities ranging from ...
July 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081965/gw150914-implications-for-the-stochastic-gravitational-wave-background-from-binary-black-holes
#10
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, K Arai, M C Araya, C C Arceneaux, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, B Behnke, M Bejger, A S Bell, C J Bell, B K Berger, J Bergman, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, J Birch, R Birney, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, T P Bodiya, M Boer, G Bogaert, C Bogan, A Bohe, P Bojtos, C Bond, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, A F Brooks, D D Brown, N M Brown, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, K C Cannon, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, R Chakraborty, T Chalermsongsak, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, H Y Chen, Y Chen, C Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, A Conte, L Conti, D Cook, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, K Craig, J D E Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, N S Darman, V Dattilo, I Dave, H P Daveloza, M Davier, G S Davies, E J Daw, R Day, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, H Dereli, V Dergachev, R T DeRosa, R De Rosa, R DeSalvo, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, G Dojcinoski, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, R Douglas, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, W Engels, R C Essick, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, Q Fang, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, J-D Fournier, S Franco, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, T T Fricke, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H A G Gabbard, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, A Gatto, G Gaur, N Gehrels, G Gemme, B Gendre, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, N A Gordon, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, C Graef, P B Graff, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, K Haris, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, K A Hodge, D Hofman, S E Hollitt, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, D J Hosken, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, S Huang, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, A Idrisy, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, G Islas, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, H Jang, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kawazoe, F Kéfélian, M S Kehl, D Keitel, D B Kelley, W Kells, R Kennedy, J S Key, A Khalaidovski, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, J Kim, K Kim, Nam-Gyu Kim, Namjun Kim, Y-M Kim, E J King, P J King, D L Kinzel, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, S M Koehlenbeck, K Kokeyama, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, V Kringel, A Królak, C Krueger, G Kuehn, P Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, J Lange, B Lantz, P D Lasky, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, B M Levine, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, N A Lockerbie, J Logue, A L Lombardi, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, H Lück, A P Lundgren, J Luo, R Lynch, Y Ma, T MacDonald, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, R M Magee, M Mageswaran, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, I Mandel, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, G Mazzolo, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, K Mossavi, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, C L Mueller, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, D J Murphy, P G Murray, A Mytidis, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, V Necula, K Nedkova, G Nelemans, M Neri, A Neunzert, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, J O'Dell, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, R S Ottens, H Overmier, B J Owen, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, Z Patrick, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, A Perreca, M Phelps, O Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, V Predoi, S S Premachandra, T Prestegard, L R Price, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, C M Reed, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, K Riles, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, G Romanov, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, R Schilling, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, G Serna, Y Setyawati, A Sevigny, D A Shaddock, S Shah, M S Shahriar, M Shaltev, Z Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, D Sigg, A D Silva, D Simakov, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, J R Smith, N D Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, N A Strauss, S Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, S P Tarabrin, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, M P Thirugnanasambandam, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, C V Torres, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, S Vass, M Vasúth, R Vaulin, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, X Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, T Welborn, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, D J White, B F Whiting, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Worden, J L Wright, G Wu, J Yablon, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, H Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, F Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, S E Zuraw, J Zweizig
The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses ≳30M_{⊙}, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes...
April 1, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078550/physics-soundtrack-of-the-universe
#11
Sheila Rowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029276/measurement-of-the-earth-tides-with-a-mems-gravimeter
#12
R P Middlemiss, A Samarelli, D J Paul, J Hough, S Rowan, G D Hammond
The ability to measure tiny variations in the local gravitational acceleration allows, besides other applications, the detection of hidden hydrocarbon reserves, magma build-up before volcanic eruptions, and subterranean tunnels. Several technologies are available that achieve the sensitivities required for such applications (tens of microgal per hertz(1/2)): free-fall gravimeters, spring-based gravimeters, superconducting gravimeters, and atom interferometers. All of these devices can observe the Earth tides: the elastic deformation of the Earth's crust as a result of tidal forces...
March 31, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313062/geospatial-mapping-to-estimate-timely-access-to-surgical-care-in-nine-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Nakul P Raykar, Alexis N Bowder, Charles Liu, Martha Vega, Jong H Kim, Gloria Boye, Sarah L M Greenberg, Johanna N Riesel, Rowan D Gillies, John G Meara, Nobhojit Roy
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery calls for universal access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical care. Two requisite components of timely access are (1) the ability to reach a surgical provider in a given timeframe, and (2) the ability to receive appropriately prompt care from that provider. We chose a threshold of 2 h in view of its relevance in time-to-death in post-partum haemorrhage. Here, we use geospatial mapping to enumerate the percentage of a nation's population living within 2 h of a surgeon and the surgeon-to-population ratio for each provider...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26231339/communication-between-family-carers-and-health-professionals-about-end-of-life-care-for-older-people-in-the-acute-hospital-setting-a-qualitative-study
#14
Glenys Caswell, Kristian Pollock, Rowan Harwood, Davina Porock
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on communication between hospital staff and family carers of patients dying on acute hospital wards, with an emphasis on the family carers' perspective. The age at which people in the UK die is increasing and many continue to die in the acute hospital setting. Concerns have been expressed about poor quality end of life care in hospitals, in particular regarding communication between staff and relatives. This research aimed to understand the factors and processes which affect the quality of care provided to frail older people who are dying in hospital and their family carers...
August 1, 2015: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26203308/a-young-scientists-perspective-on-dbs-a-plea-for-an-international-dbs-organization
#15
Rowan P Sommers, Roy Dings, Koen I Neijenhuijs, Hannah Andringa, Sebastian Arts, Daphne van de Bult, Laura Klockenbusch, Emiel Wanningen, Leon C de Bruin, Pim F G Haselager
Our think tank tasked by the Dutch Health Council, consisting of Radboud University Nijmegen Honours Academy students with various backgrounds, investigated the implications of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for psychiatric patients. During this investigation, a number of methodological, ethical and societal difficulties were identified. We consider these difficulties to be a reflection of a still fragmented field of research that can be overcome with improved organization and communication. To this effect, we suggest that it would be useful to found a centralized DBS organization...
2015: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163032/reducing-and-managing-faecal-incontinence-in-people-with-advanced-dementia-who-are-resident-in-care-homes-protocol-for-a-realist-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
Claire Goodman, Jo Rycroft Malone, Christine Norton, Danielle Harari, Rowan Harwood, Brenda Roe, Bridget Russell, Mandy Fader, Marina Buswell, Vari M Drennan, Frances Bunn
INTRODUCTION: Faecal incontinence (FI) is the involuntary loss of liquid or solid stool that is a social or hygienic problem. The prevalence of FI in residents of care homes is high, but it is not an inevitable consequence of old age or dementia. There is good evidence on risk factors, but few studies provide evidence about effective interventions. There is a need to understand how, why, and in what circumstances particular programmes to reduce and manage FI are effective (or not) for people with dementia...
July 10, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26003390/long-term-survival-of-critically-ill-patients-treated-with-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Emily Damuth, Jessica A Mitchell, Jason L Bartock, Brian W Roberts, Stephen Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Prolonged dependence on mechanical ventilation after critical illness is an emerging public health challenge; however, long-term outcomes are incompletely understood. We aimed to systematically analyse long-term survival of critically ill patients treated with prolonged mechanical ventilation. METHODS: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library between 1988 and Nov 6, 2013, with no language restrictions, for studies on prolonged mechanical ventilation...
July 2015: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25852030/construction-and-validation-of-the-my-medicines-and-me-questionnaire-for-assessment-of-the-self-reported-side-effects-of-psychotropic-medication
#18
Deena M Ashoorian, Rowan M Davidson, Daniel J T Rock, Milan Dragovic, Rhonda M Clifford
We aimed to construct and assess the psychometric properties of the My Medicines and Me Questionnaire (M3Q), a self-report side-effect questionnaire for mental health patients. Thirty individuals taking a psychotropic medication completed the M3Q side-effect checklist along with the Liverpool University Neuroleptic Side Effect Rating Scale. Thirty healthy comparison individuals also completed the M3Q checklist. Data were analyzed using factorial analysis. Psychometric evaluations including validity and reliability testing were carried out on the questionnaire's checklist...
July 2015: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25526109/improved-upper-limits-on-the-stochastic-gravitational-wave-background-from-2009-2010-ligo-and-virgo-data
#19
J Aasi, B P Abbott, R Abbott, T Abbott, M R Abernathy, T Accadia, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, C Affeldt, M Agathos, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, A Ain, P Ajith, A Alemic, B Allen, A Allocca, D Amariutei, M Andersen, R Anderson, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, K Arai, M C Araya, C Arceneaux, J Areeda, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, L Austin, B E Aylott, S Babak, P T Baker, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, M Barbet, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, M A Barton, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, J Bauchrowitz, Th S Bauer, B Behnke, M Bejger, M G Beker, C Belczynski, A S Bell, C Bell, G Bergmann, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, P T Beyersdorf, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, J Birch, S Biscans, M Bitossi, M A Bizouard, E Black, J K Blackburn, L Blackburn, D Blair, S Bloemen, M Blom, O Bock, T P Bodiya, M Boer, G Bogaert, C Bogan, C Bond, F Bondu, L Bonelli, R Bonnand, R Bork, M Born, V Boschi, Sukanta Bose, L Bosi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, D O Bridges, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, F Brückner, S Buchman, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, R Burman, D Buskulic, C Buy, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, J Calderón Bustillo, E Calloni, J B Camp, P Campsie, K C Cannon, B Canuel, J Cao, C D Capano, F Carbognani, L Carbone, S Caride, A Castiglia, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, C Celerier, G Cella, C Cepeda, E Cesarini, R Chakraborty, T Chalermsongsak, S J Chamberlin, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, X Chen, Y Chen, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, H S Cho, J Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, S S Y Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C Collette, M Colombini, L Cominsky, M Constancio, A Conte, D Cook, T R Corbitt, M Cordier, N Cornish, A Corpuz, A Corsi, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S Countryman, P Couvares, D M Coward, M Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, K Craig, J D E Creighton, S G Crowder, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, K Dahl, T Dal Canton, M Damjanic, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, V Dattilo, H Daveloza, M Davier, G S Davies, E J Daw, R Day, T Dayanga, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, H Dereli, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, S Dhurandhar, M Díaz, L Di Fiore, A Di Lieto, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, A Donath, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, S Dossa, R Douglas, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, S Dwyer, T Eberle, T Edo, M Edwards, A Effler, H Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, G Endrőczi, R Essick, T Etzel, M Evans, T Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, S Fairhurst, Q Fang, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, M Favata, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, D Feldbaum, F Feroz, I Ferrante, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, L S Finn, I Fiori, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, J-D Fournier, S Franco, S Frasca, F Frasconi, M Frede, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, T T Fricke, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, J Gair, L Gammaitoni, S Gaonkar, F Garufi, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, C Gill, J Gleason, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, N Gordon, M L Gorodetsky, S Gossan, S Gossler, R Gouaty, C Gräf, P B Graff, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, R J S Greenhalgh, A M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, K Grover, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, C Guido, K Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, D Hammer, G Hammond, M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, J Hanson, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, E D Harstad, M Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, A Heidmann, M Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, M Hewitson, S Hild, D Hoak, K A Hodge, K Holt, S Hooper, P Hopkins, D J Hosken, J Hough, E J Howell, Y Hu, E Huerta, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, M Huynh, T Huynh-Dinh, D R Ingram, R Inta, T Isogai, A Ivanov, B R Iyer, K Izumi, M Jacobson, E James, H Jang, P Jaranowski, Y Ji, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, Haris K, P Kalmus, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, J Karlen, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, H Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kawazoe, F Kéfélian, G M Keiser, D Keitel, D B Kelley, W Kells, A Khalaidovski, F Y Khalili, E A Khazanov, C Kim, K Kim, N Kim, N G Kim, Y-M Kim, E J King, P J King, D L Kinzel, J S Kissel, S Klimenko, J Kline, S Koehlenbeck, K Kokeyama, V Kondrashov, S Koranda, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, A Kremin, V Kringel, A Królak, G Kuehn, A Kumar, P Kumar, R Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, P Kwee, M Landry, B Lantz, S Larson, P D Lasky, C Lawrie, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C-H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, J Lee, M Leonardi, J R Leong, A Le Roux, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, B Levine, J Lewis, T G F Li, K Libbrecht, A Libson, A C Lin, T B Littenberg, V Litvine, N A Lockerbie, V Lockett, D Lodhia, K Loew, J Logue, A L Lombardi, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G 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Stebbins, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, B C Stephens, S Steplewski, S Stevenson, R Stone, D Stops, K A Strain, N Straniero, S Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, S Susmithan, P J Sutton, B Swinkels, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, S P Tarabrin, R Taylor, A P M Ter Braack, M P Thirugnanasambandam, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, C Tomlinson, A Toncelli, M Tonelli, O Torre, C V Torres, C I Torrie, F Travasso, G Traylor, M Tse, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, K Urbanek, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, S van der Putten, M V van der Sluys, J van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, S Vass, M Vasúth, R Vaulin, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, D Verkindt, S S Verma, F Vetrano, A Viceré, R Vincent-Finley, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, W D Vousden, S P Vyachanin, A Wade, L Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, M Wang, X Wang, R L Ward, M Was, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, T Welborn, L Wen, P Wessels, M West, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, D J White, B F Whiting, K Wiesner, C Wilkinson, K Williams, L Williams, R Williams, T Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, A G Wiseman, H Wittel, G Woan, J Worden, J Yablon, I Yakushin, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, H Yang, Z Yang, S Yoshida, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, Fan Zhang, L Zhang, C Zhao, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, S Zuraw, J Zweizig
Gravitational waves from a variety of sources are predicted to superpose to create a stochastic background. This background is expected to contain unique information from throughout the history of the Universe that is unavailable through standard electromagnetic observations, making its study of fundamental importance to understanding the evolution of the Universe. We carry out a search for the stochastic background with the latest data from the LIGO and Virgo detectors. Consistent with predictions from most stochastic gravitational-wave background models, the data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal...
December 5, 2014: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25510333/ultra-responsive-soft-matter-from-strain-stiffening-hydrogels
#20
Maarten Jaspers, Matthew Dennison, Mathijs F J Mabesoone, Frederick C MacKintosh, Alan E Rowan, Paul H J Kouwer
The stiffness of hydrogels is crucial for their application. Nature's hydrogels become stiffer as they are strained. This stiffness is not constant but increases when the gel is strained. This stiffening is used, for instance, by cells that actively strain their environment to modulate their function. When optimized, such strain-stiffening materials become extremely sensitive and very responsive to stress. Strain stiffening, however, is unexplored in synthetic gels since the structural design parameters are unknown...
2014: Nature Communications
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