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NanoMedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351815/ready-to-use-protein-g-conjugated-gold-nanorods-for-biosensing-and-biomedical-applications
#1
S Centi, F Ratto, F Tatini, S Lai, R Pini
BACKGROUND: Gold nanorods (GNRs) display unique capacity to absorb and scatter near infrared light, which arises from their peculiar composition of surface plasmon resonances. For this reason, GNRs have become an innovative material of great hope in nanomedicine, in particular for imaging and therapy of cancer, as well as in photonic sensing of biological agents and toxic compounds for e.g. biomedical diagnostics, forensic analysis and environmental monitoring. As the use of GNRs is becoming more and more popular, in all these contexts, there is emerging a latent need for simple and versatile protocols for their modification with targeting units that may convey high specificity for any analyte of interest of an end-user...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350522/chemical-design-of-both-a-glutathione-sensitive-dimeric-drug-guest-and-a-glucose-derived-nanocarrier-host-to-achieve-enhanced-osteosarcoma-lung-metastatic-anticancer-selectivity
#2
Lu Su, Richen Li, Sarosh Khan, Ryan Clanton, Fuwu Zhang, Yen-Nan Lin, Yue Song, Hai Wang, Jingwei Fan, Soleil Hernandez, Andrew S Butters, Gamal Akabani, Ronan MacLoughlin, Justin Smolen, Karen L Wooley
Although nanomedicines have been pursued for nearly 20 years, fundamental chemical strategies that seek to optimize both the drug and drug carrier together in a concerted effort remain uncommon yet may be powerful. In this work, two block polymers and one dimeric prodrug molecule were designed to be coassembled into degradable, functional nanocarriers, where the chemistry of each component was defined to accomplish important tasks. The result is a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-protected redox-responsive dimeric paclitaxel (diPTX)-loaded cationic poly(d-glucose carbonate) micelle (diPTX@CPGC)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350484/paraptosis-inducing-nanomedicine-overcomes-cancer-drug-resistance-for-a-potent-cancer-therapy
#3
Yongcun Zhou, Feiteng Huang, Ying Yang, Pingli Wang, Zhen Zhang, Yining Tang, Youqing Shen, Kai Wang
Most chemotherapeutic drugs and their nanomedicine formulations exert anticancer activity by inducing cancer cell apoptosis. However, cancer cells inherently have and acquire many antiapoptosis mechanisms, causing cancer drug resistance and poor prognoses in patients. Herein, a potent paraptosis-inducing nanomedicine is reported that causes quick nonapoptotic death of cancer cells, overcoming apoptosis-based resistance and effectively inhibiting drug-resistant tumor growth. The nanomedicine is composed of micelles made from an amphiphilic 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ)-conjugate block copolymer with polyethylene glycol...
January 19, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350469/in-vitro-to-in-vivo-benchmark-dose-comparisons-to-inform-risk-assessment-of-quantum-dot-nanomaterials
#4
REVIEW
Brittany A Weldon, William C Griffith, Tomomi Workman, David K Scoville, Terrance J Kavanagh, Elaine M Faustman
Engineered nanomaterials are currently under review for their potential toxicity; however, their use in consumer/commercial products has continued to outpace risk assessments. In vitro methods may be utilized as tools to improve the efficiency of risk assessment approaches. We propose a framework to compare relationships between previously published in vitro and in vivo toxicity assessments of cadmium-selenium containing quantum dots (QDs) using benchmark dose (BMD) and dosimetric assessment methods. Although data were limited this approach was useful for identifying sensitive assays and strains...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350186/mri-tracing-non-invasive-tio2-based-nanoparticles-motivated-by-ultrasound-for-multi-mechanism-therapy-of-prostatic-cancer
#5
Pu Yuan, Dongkui Song
To reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and reach effective and safe therapy of prostate cancer, herein, a simple but multifunctional system TiO2:Gd@DOX/FA motivated by ultrasound was developed for MRI guided multi-mechanism therapy of prostate cancer. TiO2 nanoparticles served as a sonosensitizer as well as a nanocarrier with pH-responsive release of DOX. Doping of Gd could not only endow TiO2 the ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but also further improve sonodynamic ability of TiO2. The characterization revealed the as-prepared TiO2:Gd@DOX/FA showed sensitive pH-responsive drug release, high ROS production, T1-MRI contrast performance and excellent biocompatibility...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349918/dual-drug-backboned-shattering-polymeric-theranostic-nanomedicine-for-synergistic-eradication-of-patient-derived-lung-cancer
#6
Yuwei Cong, Haihua Xiao, Hejian Xiong, Zigui Wang, Jianxun Ding, Chan Li, Xuesi Chen, Xing-Jie Liang, Dongfang Zhou, Yubin Huang
Most of the current nanoparticle-based therapeutics worldwide failing in clinical trials face three major challenges: (i) lack of an optimum drug delivery platform with precise composition, (ii) lack of a method of directly monitoring the fate of a specific drug rather than using any other labelling molecules as a compromise, and (iii) lack of reliable cancer models with high fidelity for drug screen and evaluation. Here, starting from a PP2A inhibitor demethylcantharidin (DMC) and cisplatin, the design of a dual sensitive dual drug backboned shattering polymer (DDBSP) with exact composition at a fixed DMC/Pt ratio for precise nanomedicine is shown...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348616/fast-and-effective-mitochondrial-delivery-of-%C3%AF-rhodamine-b-polysulfobetaine-peg-copolymers
#7
Nobuyuki Morimoto, Riho Takei, Masaru Wakamura, Yoshifumi Oishi, Masafumi Nakayama, Makoto Suzuki, Masaya Yamamoto, Françoise M Winnik
Mitochondrial targeting and entry, two crucial steps in fighting severe diseases resulting from mitochondria dysfunction, pose important challenges in current nanomedicine. Cell-penetrating peptides or targeting groups, such as Rhodamine-B (Rho), are known to localize in mitochondria, but little is known on how to enhance their effectiveness through structural properties of polymeric carriers. To address this issue, we prepared 8 copolymers of 3-dimethyl(methacryloyloxyethyl)ammonium propane sulfonate and poly(ethyleneglycol) methacrylate, p(DMAPS-ran-PEGMA) (molecular weight, 18...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346330/formulation-of-poloxamers-for-drug-delivery
#8
REVIEW
Andrew M Bodratti, Paschalis Alexandridis
Poloxamers, also known as Pluronics®, are block copolymers of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), which have an amphiphilic character and useful association and adsorption properties emanating from this. Poloxamers find use in many applications that require solubilization or stabilization of compounds and also have notable physiological properties, including low toxicity. Accordingly, poloxamers serve well as excipients for pharmaceuticals. Current challenges facing nanomedicine revolve around the transport of typically water-insoluble drugs throughout the body, followed by targeted delivery...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344305/a-tumor-activatable-theranostic-nanomedicine-platform-for-nir-fluorescence-guided-surgery-and-combinatorial-phototherapy
#9
Xiaoning Li, Canan Schumann, Hassan A Albarqi, Christopher J Lee, Adam W G Alani, Shay Bracha, Milan Milovancev, Olena Taratula, Oleh Taratula
Fluorescence image-guided surgery combined with intraoperative therapeutic modalities has great potential for intraoperative detection of oncologic targets and eradication of unresectable cancer residues. Therefore, we have developed an activatable theranostic nanoplatform that can be used concurrently for two purposes: (1) tumor delineation with real-time near infrared (NIR) fluorescence signal during surgery, and (2) intraoperative targeted treatment to further eliminate unresected disease sites by non-toxic phototherapy...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342359/semiconducting-photothermal-nanoagonist-for-remote-controlled-specific-cancer-therapy
#10
Xu Zhen, Chen Xie, Yuyan Jiang, Xiangzhao Ai, Bengang Xing, Kanyi Pu
Nanomedicines have shown success in cancer therapy, but the pharmacological actions of most nanomedicine are often nonspecific to cancer cells because of utilization of the therapeutic agents that induce cell apoptosis from inner organelles. We herein report the development of semiconducting photothermal nanoagonists that can remotely and specifically initiate the apoptosis of cancer cells from cell membrane. The organic nanoagonists comprise semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) and capsaicin (Cap) as the photothermally-responsive nanocarrier and the agonist for activation of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1), respectively...
January 17, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340405/modulating-interactions-between-ligand-coated-nanoparticles-and-phase-separated-lipid-bilayers-by-varying-the-ligand-density-and-the-surface-charge
#11
Xiaojie Chen, D Peter Tieleman, Qing Liang
The interactions between nanoparticles and lipid bilayers are critical in applications of nanoparticles in nanomedicine, cell imaging, toxicology, and elsewhere. Here, we investigate the interactions between nanoparticles coated with neutral and/or charged ligands and phase-separated lipid bilayers using coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation. Both penetration and adsorption processes as well as the final distribution of the nanoparticles can be readily modulated by varying the ligand density and the surface charge of the nanoparticles...
January 17, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339248/recent-trends-of-nanomedicinal-approaches-in-clinics
#12
REVIEW
Fahima Dilnawaz, Sarbari Acharya, Sanjeeb Kumar Sahoo
Nanotechnology has become the indispensable cutting edge science providing solutions to many problems associated with human being. The application of nanotechnology associated to human health "nanomedicine" has revolutionized the drug delivery system by providing improved pharmacological and therapeutic properties of drugs. These advantageous effects of drug loaded nanocarrier systems are embraced by the pharmaceutical industries for the development of different effective nanocarriers. Currently, several drug loaded nanoformulations are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and some of them are undergoing clinical trials for the human use...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338559/how-can-3d-printing-be-a-powerful-tool-in-nanomedicine
#13
Wei Zhu, Thomas J Webster, Lijie Grace Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338193/induction-of-chirality-in-two-dimensional-nanomaterials-chiral-2d-mos2-nanostructures
#14
Finn Purcell-Milton, Robert McKenna, Lorcan Brennan, Conor P Cullen, Lilian Guillemeney, Nikita V Tepliakov, Anvar S Baimuratov, Ivan D Rukhlenko, Tatiana S Perova, Georg S Duesberg, Alexander V Baranov, Anatoly V Fedorov, Yurii K Gun'ko
Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have been intensively investigated due to their interesting properties and range of potential applications. Although most research has focused on graphene, atomic layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and particularly MoS2 have gathered much deserved attention recently. Here we report the induction of chirality into 2D chiral nanomaterials by carrying out liquid exfoliation of MoS2 in the presence of chiral ligands (cysteine and penicillamine) in water. This processing resulted in exfoliated chiral 2D MoS2 nanosheets showing strong circular dichroism (CD) signals, which were far past the onset of the original chiral ligand signals...
January 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338179/ligand-switchable-micellar-nanocarriers-for-prolonging-circulation-time-and-enhancing-targeting-efficiency
#15
Tangjian Cheng, Yumin Zhang, Jinjian Liu, Yuxun Ding, Hanlin Ou, Fan Huang, Yingli An, Yang Liu, Jianfeng Liu, Linqi Shi
Targeted drug delivery of nanomedicines offered a promising strategy to improve the tumor accumulation and reduce the side effects of chemotherapeutics. However, undesired recognition of the targeting ligands on the surface of nanocarriers by immune system or normal tissues decreased the circulation time and reduced the targeting efficiency. Here we developed a ligand-switchable micellar nanocarrier that can hide the targeting ligands during circulating in the bloodstream and expose them on the surface when entering the tumor microenvironments...
January 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337683/how-protein-coronas-determine-the-fate-of-engineered-nanoparticles-in-biological-environment
#16
Ivona Capjak, Sandra Šupraha Goreta, Darija Domazet Jurašin, Ivana Vinković Vrček
Nanomedicine is a booming medical field that utilises nanoparticles (NPs) for the development of medicines, medical devices, and diagnostic tools. The behaviour of NPs in vivo may be quite complex due to their interactions with biological molecules. These interactions in biological fluids result in NPs being enveloped by dynamic protein coronas, which serve as an interface between NPs and their environment (blood, cell, tissue). How will the corona interact with this environment will depend on the biological, chemical, and physical properties of NPs, the properties of the proteins that make the corona, as well as the biological environment...
December 20, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336520/near-infrared-triggered-decomposition-of-nanocapsules-with-high-tumor-accumulation-and-stimuli-responsive-fast-elimination
#17
Dongyuan Zhao, Tiancong Zhao, Peiyuan Wang, Qin Li, Areej Abdulkareem Al-Khalaf, Wael N Hozzein, Fan Zhang, Xiaomin Li
Nanoparticle based diagnosis-therapy integrative systems represent an emerging approach to cancer treatment. However, a series of size-dependent biological barriers impede nanomedicine from clinical implementation, especially the contradiction on optimum sizes for long blood circulation and quick metabolization. Herein, we demonstrate a novel NIR induced decomposable nanocapsule. The nanocapsules are fabricated based on layer-by-layer assembly of azobenzene functionalized polymers and up/downconversion nanoparticles (U/DCNPs)...
January 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334759/redox-nano-architectures-perspectives-and-implications-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-human-diseases
#18
Shamim Akhtar Sufi, Sankar Pajaniradje, Victor Mukherjee, Rukkumani Rajagopalan
Significance - Efficient targeted therapy with minimal side effects is the need of the hour.. Locally altered redox state is observed in several human ailments, such as inflammation, sepsis, and cancer. This has been taken advantage in designing redox-responsive nano-drug carriers. Redox-responsive nanosystems open a door to multitude of possibilities for the control of diseases over other drug delivery systems. Recent Advances -The first generation nanotherapy relies on novel properties of nanomaterials to shield the drug and deliver it to the diseased tissue or organ...
January 15, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334095/gd3-doped-mose2-nanosheets-used-as-a-theranostic-agent-for-bimodal-imaging-and-highly-efficient-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#19
Jiali Pan, Xufeng Zhu, Xu Chen, Yingyu Zhao, Jie Liu
Recently, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) being used as nanomedicine have aroused great interest because of their unique photothermal properties. A simple liquid-phase method was used to prepare gadolinium (Gd3+)-doped molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) nanosheets, and then using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modification on the surface, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG nanosheets were obtained which had high stability in physiological solutions and showed no obvious toxicity in vivo. It revealed that Gd3+ used as a paramagnetic material for MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG provided a strong contrast effect in magnetic resonance imaging, furthermore, the MoSe2 showed strong absorption in the near infrared region, and therefore, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG could be used as contrast agent for photoacoustic imaging (PAI)...
January 15, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333729/immunoengineering-with-biomaterials-for-enhanced-cancer-immunotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Yu-Qing Xie, Lixia Wei, Li Tang
Cancer immunotherapy has recently shown dramatic clinical success inducing durable response in patients of a wide variety of malignancies. Further improvement of the clinical outcome with immune related cancer treatment requests more exquisite manipulation of a patient's immune system with increased immunity against diseases while mitigating the toxicities. To meet this challenge, biomaterials applied to immunoengineering are being developed to achieve tissue- and/or cell-specific immunomodulation and thus could potentially enhance both the efficacy and safety of current cancer immunotherapies...
January 14, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
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