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Health disparity in gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430094/predictors-for-the-number-of-warning-information-sources-during-tornadoes
#1
Zhen Cong, Jianjun Luo, Daan Liang, Ali Nejat
People may receive tornado warnings from multiple information sources, but little is known about factors that affect the number of warning information sources (WISs). This study examined predictors for the number of WISs with a telephone survey on randomly sampled residents in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, approximately 1 year after both cities were struck by violent tornadoes (EF4 and EF5) in 2011. The survey included 1006 finished interviews and the working sample included 903 respondents. Poisson regression and Zero-Inflated Poisson regression showed that older age and having an emergency plan predicted more WISs in both cities...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427423/analysis-of-inequality-in-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes-and-mortality-from-2000-to-2013-in-china
#2
Yanting Li, Yimin Zhang, Shuai Fang, Shanshan Liu, Xinyu Liu, Ming Li, Hong Liang, Hua Fu
BACKGROUND: Inequality in maternal and child health seriously hinders the overall improvement of health, which is a concern in both the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Healthy China 2030. However, research on the equality of maternal and child health is scarce. This study longitudinally assessed the equality trends in China's maternal and child health outcomes from 2000 to 2013 based on place of residence and gender to improve the fairness of domestic maternal and child health...
April 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#3
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419753/systematic-review-of-gender-differences-in-sepsis-management-and-outcomes
#4
Kim Reina Failla, Cynthia D Connelly
PURPOSE: Contributors to disparities in sepsis management have been attributed to genetic susceptibility, differences in clinical presentation, and healthcare delivery. The influence of gender on survival or mortality of patients with sepsis-related diagnoses is unclear. The purpose of the current study was to systematically review published research to identify factors and outcomes associated with sepsis management and outcomes based on gender differences. METHODS: Covering a period from 2006 to 2016, a literature search was conducted on four electronic data bases including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), EBSCO, MedlinePlus, and PubMed...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419150/disparities-in-dialysis-allocation-an-audit-from-the-new-south-africa
#5
Kajiru G Kilonzo, Erika S W Jones, Ikechi G Okpechi, Nicola Wearne, Zunaid Barday, Charles R Swanepoel, Karen Yeates, Brian L Rayner
End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) is a public health problem with an enormous economic burden. In resource limited settings management of ESKD is often rationed. Racial and socio-economic inequalities in selecting candidates have been previously documented in South Africa. New guidelines for dialysis developed in the Western Cape have focused on prioritizing treatment. With this in mind we aimed at exploring whether the new guidelines would improve inequalities previously documented. A retrospective study of patients presented to the selection committee was conducted at Groote Schuur Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411424/drug-use-among-transgender-people-in-ontario-canada-disparities-and-associations-with-social-exclusion
#6
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer, Mostafa Shokoohi
INTRODUCTION: We identified the prevalence and correlates of past-year illicit drug use among transgender people in Ontario, Canada, and disparities with the age-standardized non-transgender population. METHODS: Data on transgender persons aged 16+ (n=406) were obtained from Trans PULSE, a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) survey (2009-2010). Overall and sex-specific estimates of past-year drug use (cocaine and amphetamines, based on data availability) in the reference population were obtained from Ontario residents aged 16+ (n=39, 980) in the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), and standardized to the overall and gender-specific transgender age distributions...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399958/the-immigrant-effect-factors-impacting-use-of-primary-and-emergency-department-care-a-canadian-population-cross-sectional-study
#7
Robert Ohle, Helena Bleeker, Krishan Yadav, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVE: In 2011, Canada had a foreign-born population of approximately 6,775,800. They represented 20.6% of the total population. Immigrants possess characteristics that reduce the use of primary care. This is thought to be, in part, due to a lower education level, employment, and better health status. Our objective was to assess whether, in an immigrant population without a primary care physician, similar socioeconomic factors would also reduce the likelihood of using the emergency department compared to a non-immigrant population without primary care...
April 12, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395890/frequency-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-young-mexican-americans
#8
Clarence Gill, Kristina P Vatcheva, Jen-Jung Pan, Beverly Smulevitz, David D McPherson, Michael Fallon, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Susan T Laing
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, whose criteria are risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD, its association with subclinical atherosclerosis, and factors that may account for this association in Mexican Americans. In a population-based cross-sectional sample drawn from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort in Texas, carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), an indicator of subclinical atherosclerosis, was measured...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392857/gender-disparities-in-osteoporosis
#9
REVIEW
Khaled A Alswat
Osteoporosis is a growing health concern worldwide and its complications are as prevalent as other common chronic disease complications such as hypertension and diabetes. In this review, we will discuss the role of gender in osteoporosis, especially related to peak bone mass and maturation, rate of annual bone loss, screening, prevalence of osteoporosis and its related fractures, mortality after osteoporosis-related fracture, fracture risk predication using different technologies and the impact of gender on osteoporosis management...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387733/disparities-in-hiv-clinical-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-persons-receiving-care-mississippi
#10
Ali Dehghani Firouzabadi, Tiffany C McDonald, Tametria R Samms, Reza Sirous, Kendra Johnson
Increasing patients' cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count and achieving viral suppression are the ultimate goals of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care and treatment, yet disparities in these HIV clinical outcomes exist among subpopulations of HIV-infected persons. We aimed to assess potential disparities in viral suppression and normal CD4 count among HIV-infected persons receiving care in Mississippi using Mississippi Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) data from 2009 to 2014 (N = 1233) in this study...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387701/association-between-indices-of-body-composition-and-abnormal-metabolic-phenotype-in-normal-weight-chinese-adults
#11
Lili Xia, Fen Dong, Haiying Gong, Guodong Xu, Ke Wang, Fen Liu, Li Pan, Ling Zhang, Yuxiang Yan, Herbert Gaisano, Yan He, Guangliang Shan
We aimed to determine the association of indices of body composition with abnormal metabolic phenotype, and to examine whether the strength of association was differentially distributed in different age groups in normal-weight Chinese adults. A total of 3015 normal-weight adults from a survey of Chinese people encompassing health and basic physiological parameters was included in this cross-sectional study. We investigated the association of body composition measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis and conventional body indices with metabolically unhealthy normal-weight (MUHNW) adults, divided by age groups and gender...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383395/gender-specific-relationship-between-alcohol-consumption-and-injury-in-the-south-korean-adults-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#12
Eun Young Rha, Ho Jun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Yongkyu Park, Gyeol Yoo
Alcohol-related injuries have been concerned worldwide. However, there have been no large cross-sectional epidemiologic studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between alcohol and the prevalence of injury according to gender in a representative sample of the South Korean population. This cross-sectional study was based on data obtained in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. In total, 15,249 Korean adults (7128 men and 8112 women) aged 19 years or older were enrolled...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379467/can-smokefree-policies-reduce-tobacco-use-disparities-of-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-missouri
#13
Jenna Wintemberg, Jane McElroy, Bin Ge, Kevin Everett
Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the associations between smokefree policies, current and former smoking status, personal smoking restrictions, and intention to quit among SGM and non-SGM individuals in Missouri. Methods: The current analysis derives from the Out, Proud and Healthy project. Chi-squares examined differences between SGM (N=2210) and non-SGM (N=586) respondents and former (N=836) and current (N=1960) smokers on smoking-related variables...
April 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371828/physical-and-mental-health-disparities-for-young-women-with-arrest-histories
#14
Gina Fedock, Sophia Sarantakos
Young women ages 18 to 25 make up approximately 30 percent of women arrested in the United States. Although health disparities have been found for incarcerated adults, health concerns for this subpopulation of women have not been as closely examined. Aiming to fill this gap in the literature, this study examined national data for young women ages 18 to 25 who participated in the National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Physical and mental health concerns were compared for young women with and without arrest histories...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369615/u-s-immigration-policy-regimes-and-physical-disability-trajectories-among-mexico-u-s-immigrants
#15
Collin W Mueller, Bryce J Bartlett
Objectives: Although immigration policies have shifted dramatically over the course of U.S. history, few have examined their role as a source of health heterogeneity among immigrants. We address this gap by evaluating whether exposure to U.S. Immigration Policy Regimes (IPRs) corresponds with later-life disability disparities among Mexico-U.S. migrant women and men, and assess the degree to which observed differences may also be associated with immigration policies and occupational composition...
March 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368670/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-position-statement-strategies-for-reducing-cancer-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations
#16
Jennifer Griggs, Shail Maingi, Victoria Blinder, Neelima Denduluri, Alok A Khorana, Larry Norton, Michael Francisco, Dana S Wollins, Julia H Rowland
ASCO is committed to addressing the needs of sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations as a diverse group at risk for receiving disparate care and having suboptimal experiences, including discrimination, throughout the cancer care continuum. This position statement outlines five areas of recommendations to address the needs of both SGM populations affected by cancer and members of the oncology workforce who identify as SGM: (1) patient education and support; (2) workforce development and diversity; (3) quality improvement strategies; (4) policy solutions; and (5) research strategies...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362361/time-trend-and-demographic-and-geographic-disparities-in-childhood-obesity-prevalence-in-china-evidence-from-twenty-years-of-longitudinal-data
#17
Peng Jia, Hong Xue, Ji Zhang, Youfa Wang
Childhood overweight and obesity (ow/ob) has become a serious threat to many countries, including China. However, limited evidence was obtained from longitudinal data in China. This study examined the secular trends and geographic variation in the prevalence of ow/ob and obesity only, and age, gender, and urban-rural disparities among school-aged children across China. Data from children aged 6-17 surveyed in China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 1991 (n = 2712) to 2011 (n = 1054) were used. Overweight and obesity were defined based on the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) recommended Asian age-sex-specific BMI cut-off-points...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356203/variation-in-patients-travel-times-among-imaging-examination-types-at-a-large-academic-health-system
#18
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Yu Liang, Richard Duszak, Michael P Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' willingness to travel farther distances for certain imaging services may reflect their perceptions of the degree of differentiation of such services. We compare patients' travel times for a range of imaging examinations performed across a large academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the NYU Langone Medical Center Enterprise Data Warehouse to identify 442,990 adult outpatient imaging examinations performed over a recent 3...
March 27, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356149/disparities-in-receipt-of-recommended-care-among-younger-versus-older-medicare-beneficiaries-a-cohort-study
#19
Ling Na, Joel E Streim, Liliana E Pezzin, Jibby E Kurichi, Dawei Xie, Hillary R Bogner, Pui L Kwong, Steven M Asch, Sean Hennessy
BACKGROUND: Although health disparities have been documented between Medicare beneficiaries based on age (<65 years vs. older age groups), underuse of recommended medical care in younger beneficiaries has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we aim to identify and characterize vulnerabilities of the younger Medicare age group (aged <65 years) in relation to older age groups (aged 65-74 years and ≥75 years) and to explore age group as a determinant of use of recommended care among Medicare beneficiaries...
March 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355963/risk-factors-for-infant-mortality-in-rural-and-urban-nigeria-evidence-from-the-national-household-survey
#20
Emmanuel Olorunleke Adewuyi, Yun Zhao, Reeta Lamichhane
AIMS: This study investigates the rural-urban differences in infant mortality rates (IMRs) and the associated risk factors in Nigeria. METHODS: The dataset from the 2013 Nigeria demographic and health survey (NDHS), disaggregated by rural-urban residence, was analyzed using complex samples statistics. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was computed to explore the adjusted relationship and identify risk factors for infant mortality. RESULTS: In rural and urban Nigeria, IMRs were 70 and 49 deaths per 1000 live births, respectively...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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