Read by QxMD icon Read

Health disparity in gender

Xiaolei Song, Guanyang Zou, Wen Chen, Siqi Han, Xia Zou, Li Ling
OBJECTIVE: To describe the self-reported health status and service utilization of employed, retired and unemployed migrants in Guangzhou, a mega-city in southern China. METHODS: Cross-sectional study adapted from National Health Service Survey between September and December in 2014. Based on the distribution of occupation of migrants, multi-stage sampling was used to recruit individuals. Logistic regression was applied to explore the factors influencing their service utilization...
October 24, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Molly Carnes, Paula Johnson, Wendy Klein, Marjorie Jenkins, C Noel Bairey Merz
Gender-based bias and conflation of gender and status are root causes of disparities in women's health care and the slow advancement of women to leadership in academic medicine. More than a quarter of women physicians train in internal medicine and its subspecialties, and women physicians almost exclusively constitute the women's health focus within internal medicine. Thus, internal medicine has considerable opportunity to develop women leaders in academic medicine and promote women's health equity.To probe whether holding an endowed chair-which confers status-in women's health may be an effective way to advance women leaders in academic medicine and women's health, the authors explored the current status of endowed chairs in women's health in internal medicine...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Raya Elfadel Kheirbek, Janusz Wojtusiak, Sorina O Vlaicu, Farrokh Alemi
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is the leading cause for 30-day all-cause readmission. Although racial disparities in health care are well documented, their impact on 30-day all-cause readmission rate is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of racial disparity on 30-day readmission for hospitalized patients with heart failure. METHODS: This is a retrospective secondary data analysis for a large veteran cohort in 130 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers...
October 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Megan J Leonhard, Dagan A Wright, Rongwei Fu, David P Lehrfeld, Kathleen F Carlson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) greatly contributes to morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. We examined potential urban/rural disparities in mortality amongst Oregon pediatric patients with TBI treated in trauma hospitals. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of children ages 0-19 using the Oregon Trauma Registry for years 2009-2012. Geographic location of injury was classified using the National Center for Health Statistics Urban/Rural Classification Scheme...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Nicole De Wet
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is higher among females than males in Sub-Saharan Africa. Education is associated with better health outcomes. For this and other reasons, African countries have made a concerted effort to increase youth education rates. However, in South Africa males have lower secondary education rates than females, yet females have a higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS. This study examines if a gender disparity exists in AIDS mortality rates among youth with secondary education in South Africa...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Jason C Seto, James W Davis, Deborah A Taira
E-cigarette use is rapidly expanding in the United States and is projected to be a $3 billion industry by the end of this year. E-cigarette use in Hawai'i is significantly higher than national averages. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship in Hawai'i between demographic characteristics and several aspects of e-cigarette use including percentage of residents trying e-cigarettes, reasons for use, and perceived effects on health. Survey data were collected from a random sample of Hawai'i residents via the telephone in the summer of 2015, using methodology similar to that of the Hawai'i Health Survey...
October 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Ronni Hayon
Transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals experience significant health disparities. They are more likely to use drugs and alcohol, smoke, be diagnosed with HIV infection or other sexually transmitted infections, and experience depression or attempt suicide. Many also experience discrimination within the health care system. Office-level strategies to create a safe and affirming space for gender-expansive patients include posting of a nondiscrimination statement, use of intake forms that ask about current gender identity and birth-assigned sex, provision of gender-neutral restrooms, and staff training in use of appropriate language...
October 2016: FP Essentials
Nicole A Sitkin, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) in medicine experience unique stressors in training. However, little is known about SGM specialty choice. This study examined predictors of SGM specialty choice, associations between specialty prestige and perceived SGM inclusion, and self-reported influences on specialty choice. METHODS: Medical trainees and practitioners (358 SGM, 1528 non-SGM) were surveyed online. We operationalized specialty choice at the individual level as respondents' specialty of practice; at the specialty level, as a percentage of SGM respondents in each specialty...
October 11, 2016: LGBT Health
Nandita Bhan, Krishna Dipankar Rao, Shivani Kachwaha
BACKGROUND: Research on health inequalities can be instrumental in drawing attention to the health of socioeconomically vulnerable groups in India in the context of rapid economic growth. It can shape the dialogue for public health action, emphasizing the need for greater investments in health, and monitor effectiveness of health programs. Our objective was to examine trends in studies on health inequalities in the last 25 years. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review of studies on health inequalities published from 1990...
October 6, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Mark R Hobbs, Susan Mb Morton, Polly Atatoa-Carr, Stephen R Ritchie, Mark G Thomas, Rajneeta Saraf, Carol Chelimo, Anthony Harnden, Carlos A Camargo, Cameron C Grant
AIM: Infectious disease (ID) hospitalisation rates are increasing in New Zealand (NZ), especially in pre-school children, and Māori and Pacific people. We aimed to identify risk factors for ID hospitalisation in infancy within a birth cohort of NZ children, and to identify differences in risk factors between ethnic groups. METHODS: We investigated an established cohort of 6846 NZ children, born in 2009-2010, with linkage to a national data set of hospitalisations...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Carmen Piernas, Dantong Wang, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Chang Su, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: China's nutrition transition is characterized by dramatic increases in overweight and cardiometabolic (CM) risk. The burden of obesity, CM risk factors and dietary intake among Chinese children were explored. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children 7-12 y old from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey with available dietary intake data, anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were included (n=663). CM risk prevalence was calculated; logistic regression was used to investigate the association of nutrient intakes with CM risk, adjusting for age, gender, physical activity, area of residence and income...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Bongki Woo, Kaipeng Wang, Thanh Tran
INTRODUCTION: Racial and ethnic minorities often suffer from poorer health than Whites given their exposure to more stressors and fewer resources that buffer the effects of stress. Given that alcohol is often consumed to alleviate the negative moods, the present study hypothesized that psychological distress may impact the involvement in binge drinking differently across racial and ethnic groups. METHODS: We used data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) from 2007 to 2012...
September 23, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Lori S Hoggard, LaBarron K Hill
BACKGROUND: African Americans experience more problematic and disordered sleep than White Americans. Racial discrimination has been implicated in this disparity. However, the mechanisms by which discrimination disrupts sleep are unclear. It has been theorized that Perseverative Cognition (PC), characterized by recurrent patterns of reflective (i.e., rumination) and anticipatory (i.e., worry) negative thinking about personally relevant stressors, may reflect the functional mechanism linking discrimination to sleep...
October 3, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Mohammad A Tabatabai, Jean-Jacques Kengwoung-Keumo, Gabriela R Oates, Juliette T Guemmegne, Akinola Akinlawon, Green Ekadi, Mona N Fouad, Karan P Singh
BACKGROUND: Certain population groups in the United States carry a disproportionate burden of cancer. This work models and analyzes the dynamics of lung and bronchus cancer age-adjusted incidence rates by race (White and Black), gender (male and female), and prevalence of daily smoking in 38 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and across eight U.S. geographic regions from 1999 to 2012. METHODS: Data, obtained from the U.S. Cancer Statistics Section of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, reflect approximately 77% of the U...
2016: PloS One
Alex Kulick, Laura J Wernick, Michael R Woodford, Kristen Renn
LGBTQ people experience health disparities related to multi-level processes of sexual and gender marginalization, and intersections with racism can compound these challenges for LGBTQ people of color. While community engagement may be protective for mental health broadly and for LGBTQ communities in buffering against heterosexism, little research has been conducted on the racialized dynamics of these processes among LGBTQ communities. This study analyzes cross-sectional survey data collected among a diverse sample of LGBTQ college students (n = 460), which was split by racial status...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Bradford E Jackson, Gabriela R Oates, Karan P Singh, James M Shikany, Mona N Fouad, Edward E Partridge, Sejong Bae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in socio-demographic characteristics and health behaviors relevant to chronic medical conditions (CMCs) in the Mid-South region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arkansas), and identified subpopulations with increased burden of chronic disease. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The top five most prevalent CMCs in the Mid-South were analyzed: asthma, high blood pressure (HBP), obesity, arthritis, and depression...
September 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Yessenia Castro
Tobacco is a significant burden to individual and public health, and disparities exist among Latino smokers with respect to use and cessation. Although the prevalence of smoking is lower for Latinos than for non-Latino Whites and the general U.S. population, numerous health disparities exist within the population of Latino smokers. Much is known about determinants of smoking and cessation but the vast majority of this knowledge is based on research with non-Latino White smokers. This results in at least two important challenges in tobacco research among Latino smokers: (i) demonstrating the generalizability of known determinants of smoking and cessation, and; (ii) identifying culturally relevant variables that influence smoking and cessation among Latinos...
July 2016: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
Christian Bime, Chithra Poongkunran, Mark Borgstrom, Bhupinder Natt, Hem Desai, Sairam Parthasarathy, Joe G N Garcia
RATIONALE: Racial disparities in health and health care in the United States are well documented and are increasingly recognized in acute critical illnesses such as sepsis and acute respiratory failure. OBJECTIVES: Using a large, representative, United States nationwide database, we examined the hypothesis that Black and Hispanic patients with severe acute respiratory failure have higher mortality rates when compared to non-Hispanic Whites. METHODS: This retrospective analysis used discharge data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, for the years 2008 to 2012...
September 26, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Yi Song, Hai-Jun Wang, Bin Dong, Jun Ma, Zhiqiang Wang, Anette Agardh
OBJECTIVES: We sought to explore 25-year trends of gender disparity in the prevalence of obesity and overweight both in urban and rural areas among Chinese children from 1985 to 2010. METHODS: Data included 1 280 239 children aged 7-18 years enrolled in the Chinese National Survey on Students's Constitution and Health (CNSSCH), which is the largest nationally representative sample of school-aged children in China. Obesity and overweight were defined according to both WHO and the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) definitions...
2016: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"