keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender difference

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454474/incidence-trends-in-high-grade-primary-brain-tumors-in-males-and-females
#1
Jonas Nilsson, Georg Holgersson, Tobias Carlsson, Roger Henriksson, Stefan Bergström, Michael Bergqvist
The focus of the present review is to investigate whether there is a variation in the incidence rates between male and female patients with high-grade primary brain tumors and if there are altered incidence rates associated with the time at which they were diagnosed. Previous studies identified in internationally peer-reviewed journals were identified using a systematic search of the PubMed database. Due to the difficulties in data interpretation, studies that exclusively included patient data classified prior to the 2nd edition of the World Health Organization histological classification system of brain tumors were excluded...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454384/new-applications-of-the-acridine-orange-fluorescence-staining-method-screening-for-circulating-tumor-cells
#2
Min Liu, Ruizhe Li, Yang Tang, Jiwu Chang, Rong Han, Shumin Zhang, Ning Jiang, Fuling Ma
The aim of the present study was to explore use of the acridine orange fluorescence (AO-F) staining method for screening of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. The AO-F positive staining rate of live and dead tumor cells was calculated. The positive staining rate in the live group was 93.4±3.0%, while the dead group failed to emit specific fluorescence. A known number of tumor cells were added to peripheral blood, and the detection sensitivity of the four groups (50, 100, 200 and 500 cells/tube) was 10...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454051/no-association-between-slc6a2-slc6a3-drd2-polymorphisms-and-schizophrenia-in-the-han-chinese-population
#3
Yan Bi, Xiaoye Huang, Weibo Niu, Shiqing Chen, Xi Wu, Yanfei Cao, Rui Zhang, Fengping Yang, Lu Wang, Weidong Li, Yifeng Xu, Lin He, Tao Yu, Guang He
This study was intended to ascertain whether SNPs in dopaminergic and serotoninergic pathway genes SLC6A2, SLC6A3 and DRD2 are associated with schizophrenia in Han Chinese people. We conducted a case-control study by genotyping 7 SNPs of the three genes in 1034 schizophrenia patients and 1034 controls. No significant difference in the allelic or genotypic frequency was detected between cases and controls despite one positive haplotype (rs1362621-rs2242446-rs5564). Stratified analysis of gender and gene-gene interaction analysis showed no positive results...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453860/different-tales-the-role-of-gender-in-the-oral-narrative-reading-link-among-african-american-children
#4
Nicole Gardner-Neblett, John Sideris
Evidence suggests that oral narrative skills are a linguistic strength for African American children, yet few studies have examined how these skills are associated with reading for African American boys and girls. The current study uses longitudinal data of a sample of 72 African American 4-year-olds to examine how preschool oral narrative skills predict reading from first through sixth grades and explores differences by gender. Findings indicate that although girls demonstrated stronger narrative skills, their narrative skills did not moderate change in reading...
April 28, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453802/propensity-matched-comparison-of-extrapleural-pneumonectomy-and-pleurectomy-decortication-for-mesothelioma-patients%C3%A2
#5
Arthur Kostron, Martina Friess, Ilhan Inci, Sven Hillinger, Didier Schneiter, Hans Gelpke, Rolf Stahel, Burkhardt Seifert, Walter Weder, Isabelle Opitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this retrospective study was to assess perioperative outcomes, overall survival and freedom from recurrence after induction chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) or pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) in patients with mesothelioma in a propensity score matched analysis. METHODS: Between September 1999 and August 2015, 167 patients received multimodality treatment (platinum-based chemotherapy followed by EPP [ n =  141] or P/D [ n =  26])...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453793/impact-of-gender-on-long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-repair-for-acute-stanford-a-aortic-dissection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis%C3%A2
#6
Anton Sabashnikov, Stephanie Heinen, Antje Christin Deppe, Mohamed Zeriouh, Alexander Weymann, Ingo Slottosch, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Oliver Liakopoulos, Parwis B Rahmanian, Navid Madershahian, Axel Kroener, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Ferdinand Kuhn-Régnier, André R Simon, Thorsten Wahlers, Jens Wippermann
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that female gender is associated with increased mortality rates after surgery for Stanford A acute aortic dissection (AAD). However, women with AAD usually present with different clinical symptoms that may bias outcomes. Moreover, there is a lack of long-term results regarding overall mortality and freedom from major cerebrovascular events. We analysed the impact of gender on long-term outcomes after surgery for Stanford A AAD by comparing genders with similar risk profiles using propensity score matching...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453773/increased-cerebrospinal-fluid-levels-of-gaba-testosterone-and-estradiol-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Jennifer F Kawwass, Kristen M Sanders, Tammy L Loucks, Lisa Cencia Rohan, Sarah L Berga
STUDY QUESTION: Do cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) differ in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as compared to eumenorrheic, ovulatory women (EW)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with PCOS displayed higher CSF levels of GABA and E2, and possibly T, than EW. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The chronic anovulation characteristic of PCOS has been attributed to increased central GnRH drive and resulting gonadotropin aberrations...
April 27, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453689/periodontal-disease-edentulism-and-pancreatic-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
P Maisonneuve, S Amar, A B Lowenfels
Background: Periodontal disease (PD), now our commonest infectious disorder leads to tooth loss, and has been linked to various systemic diseases, including various types of cancer. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the relationship between PD, edentulism, and pancreatic cancer (PC). Patients and methods: From an initial review of 327 references we selected eight studies concerning periodontitis or edentulism with sufficient quantitative information to allow us to examine the risk of PC...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453631/prenatal-cerebellar-growth-trajectories-and-the-impact-of-periconceptional-maternal-and-fetal-factors
#9
I V Koning, J Dudink, I A L Groenenberg, S P Willemsen, I K M Reiss, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
STUDY QUESTION: CAN WE assess human prenatal cerebellar growth from the first until the third trimester of pregnancy and create growth trajectories to investigate associations with periconceptional maternal and fetal characteristics? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prenatal growth trajectories of the human cerebellum between 9 and 32 weeks gestational age (GA) were created using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and show negative associations with pre-pregnancy and early first trimester BMI calculated from self-reported and standardized measured weight and height, respectively...
April 27, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453545/the-impact-of-gender-difference-on-clinical-and-echocardiographic-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Fa-Hui Yin, Chun-Lei Fan, Ya-Ya Guo, Hai Zhu, Zhi-Lu Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT) has been recommended as a standard treatment for patients with advanced heart failure. However, some studies have reported different clinical and echocardiographic outcomes between male and female patients who received CRT. This Meta-analysis is to determine whether gender difference has any significant impact on clinical and echocardiographic outcomes in patients with heart failure after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library database were searched...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453543/altered-resting-state-intra-and-inter-network-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-persistent-somatoform-pain-disorder
#11
Zhiyong Zhao, Tianming Huang, Chaozheng Tang, Kaiji Ni, Xiandi Pan, Chao Yan, Xiaoduo Fan, Dongrong Xu, Yanli Luo
Patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD) usually experience various functional impairments in pain, emotion, and cognition, which cannot be fully explained by a physiological process or a physical disorder. However, it is still not clear for the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PSPD. The present study aimed to explore the intra- and inter-network functional connectivity (FC) differences between PSPD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in 13 PSPD patients and 23 age- and gender-matched HCs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453511/no-contribution-of-lifestyle-and-environmental-exposures-to-gender-discrepancy-of-liver-disease-severity-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection-observations-from-the-haimen-city-cohort
#12
Jing Sun, Lucy Robinson, Nora L Lee, Seth Welles, Alison A Evans
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have noted significant gender difference in the risk of liver cancer among hepatitis B chronic infection patients. Some indicated that it might be due to lifestyle-related differences. This paper tests whether or not such a gender discrepancy among the chronic hepatitis B population is confounded by lifestyle and environment related exposures. METHODS: We retrieved a sample of 1863 participants from a prospective cohort in Haimen City, China in 2003...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453479/cognitive-domain-dispersion-association-with-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology
#13
Michael Malek-Ahmadi, Sophie Lu, YanYan Chan, Sylvia E Perez, Kewei Chen, Elliott J Mufson
Within neuropsychology, the term dispersion refers to the degree of variation in performance between different cognitive domains for an individual. Previous studies have demonstrated that cognitively normal individuals displaying higher dispersion are at an increased risk for progressing to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, we determined 1) whether increased dispersion in older adults was associated with amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and 2) whether increased cognitive dispersion accurately differentiated MCI and AD from non-cognitively impaired (NCI) individuals...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453478/functional-reserve-experience-participating-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-is-associated-with-gender-and-functional-independence-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Courtney Berezuk, Konstantine K Zakzanis, Joel Ramirez, Anthony C Ruocco, Jodi D Edwards, Brandy L Callahan, Sandra E Black
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease may be explained by gender differences in IADL involvement. OBJECTIVE: We introduce a novel theoretical construct, termed functional reserve, and empirically examine gender differences in IADL experience as a proxy of this reserve. METHODS: We cross-sectionally examined men (n = 502) and women (n = 340) with MCI from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453334/different-immune-signature-in-youths-experiencing-antipsychotic-induced-weight-gain-compared-to-untreated-obese-patients
#15
Simone Pisano, Gennaro Catone, Giangennaro Coppola, Marco Carotenuto, Raffaella Iuliano, Claudia Tiano, Anna Rita Montesanto, Vittoria D'Esposito, Emanuele Del Giudice Miraglia, Pietro Formisano, Carmela Bravaccio
OBJECTIVES: To assess cytokine and chemokine levels in youth experiencing antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) compared to obese patients, hypothesizing a different "immune signature" between the two kinds of obesity. METHODS: We compared a group of youth experiencing AIWG (N 19, mean age 159 months, mean body mass index [BMI] z-score 1.81) and an age-, gender-, and BMI-matched group of untreated obese patients (N 19, mean age 147 months, mean BMI z-score 2) for a wide range of cytokines and chemokines by using a multiplex ELISA test...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449481/procalcitonin-as-preoperative-marker-for-surgery-in-advanced-parapneumonic-empyema
#16
Claudio Caviezel, Philipp Schuetz, Stephan Gerdes, Franco Gambazzi
BACKGROUND: The optimal time point for surgical management of advanced parapneumonic empyema in need of open pleurectomy and decortication remains unclear. We hypothesized that surgical outcomes will be better when procalcitonin (PCT) levels have dropped to normal ranges as evidence for resolution of the underlying pneumonia. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 38 patients with advanced parapneumonic empyema who underwent open decortication and pleurectomy with available preoperative PCT (pPCT) values...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449412/effects-of-age-gender-and-body-mass-index-on-efficacy-and-hypoglycaemia-outcomes-across-treat-to-target-trials-with-insulin-glargine-100-u-ml-added-to-oral-antidiabetes-agents-in-type-2-diabetes
#17
D Owens, G Bolli, B Charbonnel, T Haak, W Landgraf, F Porcellati, L Traylor, A Kautzky-Willer
AIMS: Analyse effects of patient characteristics and different OAD use on standardised clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes patients initiating insulin glargine 100 U/ml (Gla-100). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient-level data were analysed from 16 randomised, treat-to-target clinical trials that added Gla-100 to existing metformin (MET), sulfonylurea (SU), or metformin plus sulfonylurea (MET+SU) in insulin-naïve patients inadequately controlled on oral therapy and followed for ≥24 weeks...
April 27, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449105/family-communication-styles-and-resilience-among-adolescents
#18
M Alejandra Acuña, Sheryl Kataoka
Some adolescents manage to be resilient, whereas others develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing trauma, but the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. Public secondary school students (N = 98) referred for counseling completed questionnaires assessing exposure to stressful events, family communication, and PTSD. Seventy percent of the sample reported PTSD symptoms in the clinical range. Open family communication was negatively associated with female gender, problem family communication (PFC), and PTSD symptom severity...
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448842/risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-by-gender-interactions-with-serum-lipids-blood-pressure-and-smoking-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2012
#19
Grethe Albrektsen, Ivar Heuch, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Dag Steinar Thelle, Tom Wilsgaard, Inger Njølstad, Kaare Harald Bønaa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Overall, men have roughly twice the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) compared to women, but what causes this contrast is unclear. Identification of subgroups where the gender contrast in risk is particularly low or high, may provide new insight. In the search for such subgroups, we focus on gender-specific effects of established coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Heterogeneity across age groups is also explored. METHODS: Population-based prospective study from Tromsø, Norway, comprising 33,859 individuals (51% women); 2746 individuals (854 women) received a diagnosis of MI during follow-up at ages 35-94 years...
April 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448772/the-effect-of-a-federal-controlled-substance-act-schedule-change-on-hydrocodone-combination-products-claims-in-a-medicaid-population
#20
Stephanie Tran, Pavel Lavitas, Karen Stevens, Bonnie C Greenwood, Karen Clements, Caroline J Alper, Kimberly Lenz, Mylissa Price, Tasmina Hydery, Jennifer L Arnold, Mito Takeshita, Rachel Bacon, Justin P Peristere, Paul L Jeffrey
BACKGROUND: In 2012, hydrocodone combination products (HCPs) were the most prescribed medications in the United States. Under the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, hydrocodone alone was classified as a Schedule II drug, while HCPs were classified as Schedule III, indicating a lower risk for abuse and misuse. However, according to a Drug Enforcement Agency analysis, the addition of nonopioids has not been shown to diminish abuse potential of hydrocodone. In response to concerns for drug abuse and overdose, the Drug Enforcement Agency rescheduled HCPs to Schedule II in October 2014, with the intent of limiting overprescribing and increasing awareness of their abuse potential...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
keyword
keyword
55400
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"