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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103604/modification-of-first-impression-formation-and-personality-by-manipulating-outer-appearance
#1
Susanne-Marie Hüttner, Michael Linden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Global impression is the first item in any psychopathological evaluation, as patients often elicit negative responses in other persons by a dysfunctional first impression formation. This can lead to interactional problems and stigmatization. This study tested to what degree the perception of "personality" can be changed by simple manipulations of the outer appearance of a person. METHOD: A total of 92 persons were given two different photos of the same female, one with hair combed back and the other with "open" curly hair...
January 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103596/incidence-of-first-time-stroke-a-saudi-experience
#2
Abdullah M Al-Shenqiti, Sameh R Ibrahim, Osama A Khaled, Abdul Rahman H Ali, Mostafa S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. A number of studies were conducted in Saudi Arabia. However, there were no studies conducted in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah city. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence rate of first time stroke and the age-specific incidence in both genders in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah city. METHODS: A prospective hospital based study was conducted over a 1-year period (2014)...
January 20, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103495/emotion-socialization-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-in-diverse-youth-a-bidirectional-relationship-across-childhood
#3
Naomi V Rodas, Denise A Chavira, Bruce L Baker
Mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization (ES) practices have been widely associated with child socioemotional outcomes. To extend this research, we examined the bidirectional relationship between parent ES practices (supportive and non-supportive parenting) and internalizing behavior problems in children of Anglo and Latino parents. Participants were 182 mothers and 162 fathers and their children with or without intellectual disability (ID). We compared the stability of mother and father ES practices across child ages 4-8...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103470/gender-differences-in-asymmetrical-limb-support-patterns-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#4
Paul S Sung, J Tim Zipple, Pamela Danial
New insight regarding limb-dominance effects on temporal-spatial gait parameters is needed to further investigate subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Although an asymmetrical gait pattern was found to reflect natural functional differences, there is a lack of information regarding gender differences on dominant limb support patterns in subjects with LBP. The purpose of this study was to investigate temporal-spatial gait parameters based on limb dominance and gender between subjects with and without LBP...
January 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103371/condom-use-and-hiv-status-a-study-of-sex-workers-engaged-with-the-jamaican-aids-support-for-life-jasl
#5
H Budhwani, S Newton, K R Hearld, K Levermore
Objective: HIV prevention programs such as Jamaica AIDS Support for Life (JASL) work to lower the rate of HIV among marginalized groups. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate condom use and HIV status in JASL's Sex Worker (SW) population with the intent to identify behavioral differences between this self-selected group and the general SW population in Jamaica. We hypothesized that JASL's SW population would demonstrate higher condom use and a lower prevalence of HIV, potentially attributable to their prevention and education endeavours...
April 4, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103297/obesity-in-french-inmates-gender-differences-and-relationship-with-mood-eating-behavior-and-physical-activity
#6
Aude Lagarrigue, Soufiane Ajana, Lucile Capuron, Catherine Féart, Marie-Pierre Moisan
CONTEXT: Inmates, notably women, are at greater risk for obesity and metabolic complications than the general population according to several studies from high income countries. Data regarding French correctional institutions are lacking so far. To fill this gap, we have assessed in a sample from a French prison (33 females and 18 males) the gender-specific effect of incarceration on weight and body mass index (BMI) and examined their current metabolic status. Furthermore, to reveal the possible determinants of increased obesity, we analyzed emotional vulnerability, eating behavior and physical activity using self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103198/harmonious-genetic-clustering
#7
Faliang Huang, Xuelong Li, Shichao Zhang, Jilian Zhang
To automatically determine the number of clusters and generate more quality clusters while clustering data samples, we propose a harmonious genetic clustering algorithm, named HGCA, which is based on harmonious mating in eugenic theory. Different from extant genetic clustering methods that only use fitness, HGCA aims to select the most suitable mate for each chromosome and takes into account chromosomes gender, age, and fitness when computing mating attractiveness. To avoid illegal mating, we design three mating prohibition schemes, i...
January 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102654/tuberculosis-and-tuberculin-skin-test-reactivity-in-pediatric-patients-with-celiac-disease
#8
Nafiye Urganci, Derya Kalyoncu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine tuberculin skin test reactivity and associated factors in pediatric patients with celiac disease (CD). METHODS: Tuberculin skin test (TST) was performed on 28 patients with CD aged from 1 year to 15 years (mean, 6.64±4.8) and 28 healthy age and sex-matched children. The association between TST reactivity and parameters such as age, gender, malnutrition, clinical presentation, compliance to gluten free diet and response to hepatitis A and B vaccinations were determined...
February 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102513/incidence-of-cryptosporidium-andersoni-in-diarrheal-patients-from-southern-assam-india-a-molecular-approach
#9
G Hussain, S Roychoudhury, B Singha, J Paul
The distribution and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species and genotypes in humans and bovine differ across geographical areas. Cryptosporidium species causes a disease known as cryptosporidiosis in humans and animals. To characterize the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in humans in southern Assam, India, stool samples (n = 1119) of diarrhea patients were collected from different hospitals and from the community during the period January 2014 to July 2016. Fecal smears were examined microscopically for Cryptosporidium species using modified acid fast staining and were screened to ascertain the presence of Cryptosporidium antigen by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102449/development-of-a-new-assessment-tool-for-cervical-myelopathy-using-hand-tracking-sensor-part-2-normative-values
#10
M Abdulhadi Alagha, Mahmoud A Alagha, Eleanor Dunstan, Olaf Sperwer, Kate A Timmins, Bronek M Boszczyk
PURPOSE: To set a baseline measurement of the number of hand flexion-extension cycles and analyse the degree of motion in young healthy individuals, measured by leap motion controller (LMC), besides describing gender and dominant hand differences. METHODS: Fifty healthy participants were asked to fully grip-and-release their dominant hand as rapidly as possible for a maximum of 3 min or until subjects fatigued, while wearing a non-metal wrist splint. Participants also performed a 15-s grip-and-release test...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101967/host-related-factors-explaining-interindividual-variability-of-carotenoid-bioavailability-and-tissue-concentrations-in-humans
#11
Torsten Bohn, Charles Desmarchelier, Lars O Dragsted, Charlotte S Nielsen, Wilhelm Stahl, Ralph Rühl, Jaap Keijer, Patrick Borel
Carotenoid dietary intake and their endogenous levels have been associated with a decreased risk of several chronic diseases. There are indications that carotenoid bioavailability depends, in addition to the food matrix, on host factors. These include diseases (e.g. colitis), life-style habits (e.g. smoking), gender and age, as well as genetic variations including single nucleotide polymorphisms that govern carotenoid metabolism. These are expected to explain interindividual differences that contribute to carotenoid uptake, distribution, metabolism and excretion, and therefore possibly also their association with disease risk...
January 19, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101812/cognitive-and-emotional-demands-of-black-humour-processing-the-role-of-intelligence-aggressiveness-and-mood
#12
Ulrike Willinger, Andreas Hergovich, Michaela Schmoeger, Matthias Deckert, Susanne Stoettner, Iris Bunda, Andrea Witting, Melanie Seidler, Reinhilde Moser, Stefanie Kacena, David Jaeckle, Benjamin Loader, Christian Mueller, Eduard Auff
Humour processing is a complex information-processing task that is dependent on cognitive and emotional aspects which presumably influence frame-shifting and conceptual blending, mental operations that underlie humour processing. The aim of the current study was to find distinctive groups of subjects with respect to black humour processing, intellectual capacities, mood disturbance and aggressiveness. A total of 156 adults rated black humour cartoons and conducted measurements of verbal and nonverbal intelligence, mood disturbance and aggressiveness...
January 18, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101677/emesis-and-nausea-related-to-single-agent-trabectedin-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-a-sub-study-of-the-mito15-project
#13
Marilena Di Napoli, Chiara Della Pepa, Laura Arenare, Giovanni Scambia, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi, Gabriella Ferrandina, Vanda Salutari, Roberto Sorio, Anna Maria Mosconi, Giorgia Mangili, Lucia Borgato, Stefano Lepori, Angela Salvino, Sandro Pignata, Sabrina Chiara Cecere
The MITO 15 was a prospective, single-arm trial, evaluating trabectedin monotherapy in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer (OC) who were BRCA mutation-carriers or had a BRCAness phenotype. It is largely reported that trabectedin may induce nausea and vomiting but the real emetogenic potential of the drug, in the different schedules, has never been fully described; furthermore, OC patients are known to have an enhanced risk of developing nausea and vomiting due to female gender, abdominal spreading of the disease, and major surgery experienced by most of them...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101496/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-preliminary-retrospective-study-of-130-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#14
Woo-Sung Choi, Jae-Il Lee, Hyun-Joong Yoon, Chang-Ki Min, Sang-Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by a neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells primarily in the bone marrow. Bisphosphonates (BP) are used as supportive therapy in the management of MM. This study aimed to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of medication-related necrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in MM patients. METHODS: One hundred thirty MM patients who had previous dental evaluations were retrospectively reviewed. Based on several findings, we applied the staging and treatment strategies on MRONJ...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101486/immunohistochemical-expression-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-and-progesterone-receptor-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#15
Giacomo Sturniolo, Carles Zafon, Mariacarla Moleti, Josep Castellví, Francesco Vermiglio, Jordi Mesa
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) prevalence is nearly 3 times higher in females than in males. This gender difference suggests that growth and progression of PTC might be influenced by female sex hormones. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the expression of both estrogen receptor (ER)-α and progesterone receptor (PR) by immunohistochemistry in 203 PTC patients. METHODS: ER-α and PR expression was evaluated in paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples of 45 males and 158 females followed up for 7...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#16
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101320/variation-in-dose-and-plasma-level-of-lamotrigine-in-patients-discharged-from-a-mental-health-trust
#17
Petrina Douglas-Hall, Olubanke Dzahini, Fiona Gaughran, Ahmed Bile, David Taylor
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to investigate the dose of lamotrigine when prescribed with an enzyme inhibitor or enzyme inducer in patients discharged from a mental health trust and to determine the corresponding lamotrigine plasma concentrations and the factors that may affect these. METHODS: All patients discharged on lamotrigine between October 2007 and September 2012 were identified using the pharmacy dispensing database. We recorded demographic details, lamotrigine dose and plasma levels and coprescribed medication...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101125/preventive-transarterial-embolization-in-upper-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#18
Aleksejs Kaminskis, Aina Kratovska, Sanita Ponomarjova, Anna Tolstova, Maksims Mukans, Solvita Stabiņa, Raivis Gailums, Andrejs Bernšteins, Patricija Ivanova, Viesturs Boka, Guntars Pupelis
BACKGROUND: Transarterial embolization (TAE) is a therapeutic option for patients with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. The aim of our prospective study was a preliminary assessment of the safety, efficacy, and clinical outcomes following preventive TAE in patients with non-variceal acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. METHODS: Preventive visceral angiography and TAE were performed after endoscopic haemostasis on patients with NVUGIB who were at a high risk of recurrent bleeding (PE+ group)...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100669/the-preventive-value-of-epidural-calcitonin-in-patients-with-lower-limb-amputation
#19
Ayman A Yousef, Amr M Aborahma
BACKGROUND:  Postamputation pain is highly prevalent after limb amputation with neuropathic nature; calcitonin may effectively relieve many neuropathic pain states. DESIGN:  Double-blind randomized multicenter study. SETTING:  Our study hypothesis is to evaluate the preventive value of epidural calcitonin on postoperative pain, grade of phantom pain, and the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia in patients undergoing lower limb amputation...
January 18, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100419/redox-dysregulation-immuno-inflammatory-alterations-and-genetic-variants-of-bdnf-and-mmp-9-in-schizophrenia-pathophysiological-and-phenotypic-implications
#20
Fahmy T Ali, Eman M Abd El-Azeem, Marwa A Hamed, Mohamed A M Ali, Nour M Abd Al-Kader, Ekrami A Hassan
BACKGROUND: Although a clear mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SZ) remains elusive, oxidative stress, inflammatory syndrome and immune activation have become an attractive hypothesis for explaining the pathophysiology of SZ. Data from prior studies on the role of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SZ are contradictory. We aimed to investigate whether oxidative stress, inflammatory and immune activation markers as well as MMP-9 levels may be implicated in SZ pathogenesis...
January 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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