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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922677/surgery-significantly-improves-neurocognition-sleep-and-blood-pressure-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-3-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#1
Sara Storvall, Eeva M Ryhänen, Ilkka Heiskanen, Harri Sintonen, Risto P Roine, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti
Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but it is unclear whether the effects are sustained after medium-term (>2 years) follow-up, and whether the results on some or all dimensions of HRQoL will reach that of the general population. We performed a follow-up of HRQoL on average 3.3 years after surgery for PHPT using the 15D in our patient cohort (n=124) and compared the results to those of an age- and gender-standardized general population (n=1099)...
September 18, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922609/serum-proteomic-variability-associated-with-clinical-phenotype-in-familial-transthyretin-amyloidosis-attrm
#2
Gloria G Chan, Clarissa M Koch, Lawreen H Connors
Transthyretin (TTR), normally a plasma circulating protein, can become misfolded and aggregated, ultimately leading to extracellular deposition of amyloid fibrils usually targeted to heart or nerve tissues. Referred to as TTR-associated amyloidoses (ATTR), this group of diseases is frequently life threatening and fatal if untreated. ATTR, caused by amyloid-forming variant TTR proteins (ATTRm) which arise from point mutations in the TTR gene, were classically referred to as familial amyloid cardiomyopathy (FAC) or familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) reflecting the clinical phenotype...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922367/perihematomal-diffusion-restriction-as-a-common-finding-in-large-intracerebral-hemorrhages-in-the-hyperacute-phase
#3
Tanja Schneider, David Frieling, Julian Schroeder, Jan Regelsberger, Gerhard Schoen, Jens Fiehler, Susanne Gellißen
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence that a perihematomal area of restricted diffusion (PDR) exists in intraparenchymal hemorrhages (IPH) within 1 week of symptom onset (SO). Here, we study characteristics and the clinical impact of the PDR in patients with hyperacute (≤ 6 hours from SO) IPH by means of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). METHODS: This monocentric, retrospective study includes 83 patients with first-ever primary IPH from 09/2002-10/2015. 3D volumetric segmentation was performed for the IPH, PDR, and perihematomal edema (PHE) on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, T2*/susceptibility weighted images, and ADC images...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922212/equity-of-physical-characteristics-between-adolescent-males-and-females-participating-in-single-or-mixed-gender-sport
#4
L M Krause, G A Naughton, A C Benson, S Tibbert
PURPOSE: Policies on single or mixed sex junior sports participation continue to be challenged publically and legally. Often challenges relate to perceptions of size and performance variability between adolescent males and females, yet the evidence base behind these challenges lacks recent review and rigor. METHODS: Physical performance was compared between males and females from two groups of younger (<13 years, n = 109, 67% females, 33% males) and older (>13 years, n = 108, 43% females, 57% males) adolescents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922097/gender-differences-in-variables-associated-with-sleep-quality-in-chronic-tension-type-headache
#5
Margarita Cigarán-Méndez, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Carmen Jiménez-Antona, Paula Parás-Bravo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas
We aimed to evaluate gender differences in the relationships between headache features, sleep quality, anxiety, depressive symptoms and burden of headache in 193 patients (73% women) with chronic tension type headache (CTTH). Sleep quality was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Headache features were collected with a four-week diary. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess anxiety/depressive symptoms. Headache Disability Inventory was used to evaluate the burden of headache...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922047/long-term-average-speech-spectra-of-turkish
#6
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
September 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#7
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922033/controlling-you-watching-me-measuring-perception-control-on-social-media
#8
Melanie Keep, Alison Attrill-Smith
Online self-presentation assumes that individuals intentionally control how others perceive them based on their online behaviors. Existing tools are limited in their ability to measure this notion of perception control and there is little understanding around factors which may affect the desire for perception control. This article reports on the development of a perception control scale and comparisons of perception control across age and between genders. A total of 222 participants completed an online survey with items measuring perception control and participant demographics...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921863/gender-differences-in-brain-networks-during-verbal-sternberg-tasks-a-simultaneous-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-electro-encephalography-study
#9
Chenyang Gao, Jinyan Sun, Xiaoquan Yang, Hui Gong
Gender differences in psychological processes have been of great interest in a variety of fields including verbal fluency, emotion processing, and working memory. Previous studies suggested that women outperform men in verbal working memory (VWM). However, the inherent mechanisms are still unclear. To obtain a deeper insight into the gender differences in brain networks in VWM, this study used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electro-encephalography (EEG) simultaneously to investigate gender-related brain networks during verbal Sternberg tasks...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921834/the-role-of-pre-morbid-diabetes-on-developing-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#10
Fabrizio D'Ovidio, Angelo d'Errico, Paolo Carnà, Andrea Calvo, Giuseppe Costa, Adriano Chiò
BACKGROUND: The literature on the association between diabetes and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) counts a limited number of studies. This cohort study was developed in order to assess the role of diabetes on the risk of developing ALS. METHODS: The study population was represented by all residents in Turin (Italy) at the beginning of 1996, already present at 1991 Census, older than 14 years (n=727,977), followed up for ALS occurrence from 1998 to 2014. Presence of diabetes at baseline or during the follow-up was ascertained through two Piedmont regional sources: the Diabetes Registry and the ATC Drugs Prescriptions Archive...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921787/myocardial-bridging-is-associated-with-exercise-induced-ventricular-arrhythmia-and-increases-in-qt-dispersion
#11
Makiko Nishikii-Tachibana, Vedant S Pargaonkar, Ingela Schnittger, Francois Haddad, Ian S Rogers, Jennifer A Tremmel, Paul J Wang
BACKGROUND: A myocardial bridge (MB) has been associated with ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death during exercise. QT dispersion (QTd) is a measure of abnormal repolarization and may predict ventricular arrhythmia. We investigated the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias during exercise and the QTd at rest and after exercise, in patients with an MB compared to a normal cohort. METHODS: We studied the rest and stress ECG tracings of patients with an MB suspected by focal septal buckling on exercise echocardiography (EE) (Echo-MB group, N = 510), those with an MB confirmed by another examination (MB group, N = 110), and healthy controls (Control group, N = 198)...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921780/factors-associated-with-attrition-in-substance-using-patients-enrolled-in-an-intensive-outpatient-program
#12
James Mckowen, Nicholas Carrellas, Courtney Zulauf, Emin Nalan Ward, Ronna Fried, Timothy Wilens
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data suggest individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of attrition from treatment and exhibit impairments on measures of executive functioning (EF). The primary aim of this pilot study was to investigate if EF is associated with attrition from a 1 month intensive outpatient program (IOP) for SUD, and examine the feasibility of implementing the project. METHODS: Baseline neurocognitive functioning was assessed by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and the self-reported Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF-A) questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921775/what-can-parents-self-report-of-reading-difficulties-tell-us-about-their-children-s-emergent-literacy-at-school-entry
#13
Zahra Esmaeeli, Kjersti Lundetrae, Fiona E Kyle
Research has linked family risk (FR) of reading difficulties (RD) with children's difficulties in emergent literacy development. This study is the first to apply parents' self-report of RD as a proxy for FR in a large sample (n = 1171) in order to test group differences in children's emergent literacy. Emergent literacy, the home literacy environment and children's interest in literacy and letters were compared across different groups of FR children around the school entry. The FR children performed lower in emergent literacy compared with not-FR children...
September 18, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921482/analysis-of-gender-based-differences-among-surgeons-in-japan-results-of-a-survey-conducted-by-the-japan-surgical-society-part-2-personal-life
#14
Kazumi Kawase, Kyoko Nomura, Ryuji Tominaga, Hirotaka Iwase, Tomoko Ogawa, Ikuko Shibasaki, Mitsuo Shimada, Tomoaki Taguchi, Emiko Takeshita, Yasuko Tomizawa, Sachiyo Nomura, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Tomoko Hanashi, Hiroko Yamashita, Norihiro Kokudo, Kotaro Maeda
PURPOSE: To assess the true conditions and perceptions of the personal lives of men and women working as surgeons in Japan. METHODS: In 2014, all e-mail subscribed members of the Japan Surgical Society (JSS, n = 29,861) were invited to complete a web-based survey. The questions covered demographic information, work environment, and personal life (including marital status, childcare, and nursing care for adult family members). RESULTS: In total, 6211 surgeons (5586 men and 625 women) returned the questionnaires, representing a response rate of 20...
September 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921453/upper-and-lower-limbs-composition-a-comparison-between-anthropometry-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-healthy-people
#15
Danila Diano, Federico Ponti, Sara Guerri, Daniele Mercatelli, Michele Amadori, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Giuseppe Battista, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alberto Bazzocchi
The detection of changes in lean mass (LM) distribution can help to prevent disability. This study assessed the degree of association between anthropometric measurements and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) body composition (BC) parameters of the upper and lower limbs in a healthy general population and collected DXA age- and sex-specific values of BC that can be useful to build a reference standard. PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of some widely available anthropometric measurements in the assessment of body composition (BC) at the limbs, especially in terms of muscle mass, in a large sample of healthy subjects of different age bands and sex, using fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) parameters derived by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the gold standard...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921411/differences-in-the-severity-distress-interference-and-frequency-on-cancer-related-symptoms-between-island-hispanic-puerto-ricans-and-mainland-non-hispanic-whites
#16
Velda J González-Mercado, Leorey N Saligan, Ming Ji, Maureen Groer, Elsa Pedro, Susan McMillan
The knowledge base of cancer-related symptoms is increasing; yet, limited attention has been given to provide evidence on differences in the perception of cancer symptoms between ethnic groups, especially in the Hispanic Puerto Rican (PR) population. To examine whether there are significant differences in the severity, distress, interference, and frequency of cancer symptoms between island Hispanic PR and mainland non-Hispanic whites. In this secondary data analysis, data from 109 Hispanic PR was matched by age, gender and cancer diagnosis with data from non-Hispanic whites...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920966/-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-prophylactic-program-in-a-selected-enterprise
#17
Jadwiga Siedlecka, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Agata Szyjkowska, Patryk Siedlecki, Wiesław Szymczak, Teresa Makowiec-Dąbrowska, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: In Poland cardiovascular diseases (CVD), classified as work-related diseases, are responsible for 25% of disability and cause 50% of all deaths, including 26.9% of deaths in people aged under 65 years. The aim of the study was to analyze employee expectations regarding CVD- oriented prophylactic activities in the selected enterprise. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire, developed for this study, consists of: socio-demographic data, job characteristics, occupational factors, and questions about the respondents' expectations concerning the prevention program...
September 18, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920794/intraocular-pressure-and-examination-findings-in-three-species-of-central-and-south-american-tree-frogs-cruziohyla-craspedopus-cruziohyla-calcarifer-and-anotheca-spinosa
#18
Andrew C Lewin, Jennifer C Hausmann, Paul E Miller
The purpose of this prospective study was to describe intraocular pressure (IOP) and examination findings in three tree frog species (Cruziohyla craspedopus [fringe leaf frog], Cruziohyla calcarifer [splendid leaf frog], and Anotheca spinosa [spiny-headed or coronated tree frog]). Thirty-one C. craspedopus, four C. calcarifer, and five A. spinosa were weighed, sexed based on phenotype where possible, and examined using slit-lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy. IOP was measured using the TonoVet and TonoLab rebound tonometers while the frogs were held two ways (unrestrained, then restrained)...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920708/perceived-usefulness-and-perceived-ease-of-use-of-electronic-health-records-among-nurses-application-of-technology-acceptance-model
#19
Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly being implemented in healthcare organizations but little attention has been paid to the degree to which nurses as end-users will accept these systems and subsequently use them. OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of usefulness and ease-of-use of EHRs. The relationship between these constructs was examined, and its predictors were studied. METHOD: A national exploratory study was conducted with 1539 nurses from 15 randomly selected hospitals, representative of different regions and healthcare sectors in Jordan...
September 18, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920569/high-functioning-autism-patients-share-similar-but-more-severe-impairments-in-verbal-theory-of-mind-than-schizophrenia-patients
#20
L N W Tin, S S Y Lui, K K Y Ho, K S Y Hung, Y Wang, H K H Yeung, T Y Wong, S M Lam, R C K Chan, E F C Cheung
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that autism and schizophrenia share similarities in genetic, neuropsychological and behavioural aspects. Although both disorders are associated with theory of mind (ToM) impairments, a few studies have directly compared ToM between autism patients and schizophrenia patients. This study aimed to investigate to what extent high-functioning autism patients and schizophrenia patients share and differ in ToM performance. METHODS: Thirty high-functioning autism patients, 30 schizophrenia patients and 30 healthy individuals were recruited...
September 18, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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