keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Coma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524133/-wavefront-aberrations-and-accommodation-in-myopes-and-hyperopes
#1
V V Neroev, E P Tarutta, S G Arutyunyan, A T Khandzhyan, N V Khodzhabekyan
AIM: to comparatively investigate accommodation, pseudoaccommodation, and higher-order aberrations in children and young adults with myopia and hyperopia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 39 myopic (the mean error of (-)5.2±1.5 diopters) and 53 hyperopic (the mean error of (+)3.1±1.15 diopters) eyes of 46 patients aged 5-20 years (11.6±0.6 years on average) were enrolled. Examination included evaluation of the objective accommodative response, relative accommodation reserves, pseudoaccommodation volume (calculated as the difference between the (+)3...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524035/-comparison-of-risk-of-death-between-older-and-non-older-critical-patients-in-icu-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-consecutive-3-years
#2
Yeting Zhou, Daoming Tong, Shaodan Wang, Liansong Liu, Song Ye, Benwen Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of death between older and non-older critical patients in intensive care unit (ICU) in Shuyang People's Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The critical patients who aged 15 or above, and admitted to ICU of Shuyang People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled, and all the data was collected from the registration and electronic medical records in the ICU. The prevalence and causes of death in ICU critical patients during the study period were observed...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523336/multum-in-parvo
#3
Dan Cristian Voinescu, Aurel George Mohan, Andrei Alexandru Marinescu, Alexandru Vlad Ciurea
The authors begin from the Latin expression Multum in parvo, which is used to summarize the essential aspects of something. This phrase is used in this case to define the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - the posttraumatic conscious state evaluation scale. The authors gather the entire information regarding the creation of a uniform evaluation scale for the patients that have the state of consciousness altered or are even in a posttraumatic coma. This subject has been thoroughly debated for over 40 years. Teasdale & Jennett represented a huge step in the evaluation of patient's state of consciousness...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523195/disseminated-necrotizing-leukoencephalopathy-complicating-septic-shock-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#4
Pedro Gaspar-da-Costa, Sofia Reimão, Sandra Braz, João Meneses Santos, Rui M M Victorino
Disseminated necrotizing leukoencephalopathy (DNL) is characterized by multiple microscopic foci of white matter necrosis. DNL was initially thought to be exclusively associated with immunosuppression conditions but it has been recently described in immunocompetent patients in septic shock. A 90-year-old immunocompetent woman with no previous neurological impairment presented with septic shock and drowsiness that responded well to therapy with clinical improvement and a full neurological recovery. Unexpectedly deterioration with progression to coma occurred...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521903/motorcycle-related-hospitalizations-of-the-elderly
#5
Ching-Hua Hsieh, Hang-Tsung Liu, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Yi-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the injury pattern, mechanisms, severity, and mortality of the elderly hospitalized for treatment of trauma following motorcycle accidents. METHODS: Motorcycle-related hospitalization of 994 elderly and 5078 adult patients from the 16,548 hospitalized patients registered in the Trauma Registry System between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013. RESULTS: The motorcycle-related elderly trauma patients had higher injury severity, less favorable outcomes, higher proportion of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), prolonged hospital and ICU stays and higher mortality than those adult motorcycle riders...
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521593/use-of-high-frequency-percussive-ventilation-to-expand-organ-donor-pool
#6
Francis Benn, Ashwad Afzal, Berhane Worku, Felix Khusid, Bashar H Fahoum, Iosif Gulkarov
A 34-year-old woman was brought in to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. She had signs of traumatic head injury with Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, and her neurological examination was consistent with brain death. She was persistently hypoxic on conventional mechanical ventilation and high-frequency percussive ventilation was initiated. The patient's oxygenation improved and was sustained long enough to provide time for organ procurement. This is the first case portraying high-frequency percussive ventilation as a bridge for donors failing on conventional mechanical ventilation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521527/employment-outcome-four-years-after-a-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-results-of-the-paris-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-study
#7
Alexis Ruet, Claire Jourdan, Eléonore Bayen, Emmanuelle Darnoux, Dalila Sahridj, Idir Ghout, Sylvie Azerad, Pascale Pradat Diehl, Philippe Aegerter, James Charanton, Claire Vallat Azouvi, Philippe Azouvi
OBJECTIVE: To describe employment outcome four years after a severe traumatic brain injury by the assessment of individual patients' preinjury sociodemographic data, injury-related and postinjury factors. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter inception cohort of 133 adult patients in the Paris area (France) who had received a severe traumatic brain injury were followed up postinjury at one and four years. Sociodemographic data, factors related to injury severity and one-year functional and cognitive outcomes were prospectively collected...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521229/development-of-jerusalem-artichoke-resource-for-efficient-one-step-fermentation-of-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-using-a-novel-strain-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-nx-2s
#8
Yibin Qiu, Yuanyuan Sha, Yatao Zhang, Zongqi Xu, Sha Li, Peng Lei, Zheng Xu, Xiaohai Feng, Hong Xu
This study aimed to develop non-food fermentation for the cost-effective production of poly-(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) using a novel strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NX-2S. The new isolate assimilated inulin more efficiently than other carbohydrates from Jerusalem artichoke, without hydrolytic treatment. To investigate the effect of inulin on γ-PGA production, the transcript levels of γ-PGA synthetase genes (pgsB, pgsC, pgsA), regulatory genes (comA, degQ, degS), and the glutamic acid biosynthesis gene (glnA) were analyzed; inulin addition upregulated these key genes...
May 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518283/branched-chain-amino-acids-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#9
REVIEW
Lise Lotte Gluud, Gitte Dam, Iñigo Les, Giulio Marchesini, Mette Borre, Niels Kristian Aagaard, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a brain dysfunction with neurological and psychiatric changes associated with liver insufficiency or portal-systemic shunting. The severity ranges from minor symptoms to coma. A Cochrane systematic review including 11 randomised clinical trials on branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) versus control interventions has evaluated if BCAA may benefit people with hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of BCAA versus any control intervention for people with hepatic encephalopathy...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515709/effects-of-10-hz-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-in-disorders-of-consciousness
#10
Xiaoyu Xia, Yang Bai, Yangzhong Zhou, Yi Yang, Ruxiang Xu, Xiaorong Gao, Xiaoli Li, Jianghong He
BACKGROUND: While repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been applied in treatment of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC), a standardized stimulation protocol has not been proposed, and its therapeutic effects are inconsistently documented. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of rTMS in improving consciousness in patients with persistent minimally conscious state (MCS) or unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS), previously known as vegetative state (VS)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515610/hyperemia-causing-delayed-recovery-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Shalini Nair, Ramanan Rajagopal
Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a common manifestation of traumatic brain injury. A clinical deterioration in Glasgow Coma Scale score without an accompanying radiological worsening is suggestive of vasospasm. However, hyperemia could be another possibility which can easily be considered with corroborating transcranial Doppler (TCD) features. This case report reiterates the value of TCD in such instances.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512621/spontaneous-acute-subdural-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-a-tick-borne-bunyavirus-induced-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome
#12
Jihwan Yoo, Ji Woong Oh, Chang Gi Jang, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui-Hyun Kim, Jong Hee Chang, Sun Ho Kim, Seok-Gu Kang
We report the first case of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) and a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma (SDH) in Korea. A 79-year-old male presented with fever and thrombocytopenia. On the third day of hospitalization, his mental changed from drowsy to semi-coma. Brain computed tomography indicated an acute subdural hemorrhage on the right convexity. He was given early decompressive craniectomy, but did not survive. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of a blood sample indicated the presence of SFTS virus (SFTSV)...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512614/postoperative-contralateral-hematoma-in-patient-with-acute-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Myeong-Jin Oh, Je Hoon Jeong, Dong-Seong Shin, Sun-Chul Hwang, Soo Bin Im, Bum-Tae Kim, Won-Han Shin
OBJECTIVE: Head injury is a leading cause of death and disability in subjects who suffer a traumatic accident. Contralateral hematomas after surgery for traumatic brain injury are rare. However, an unrecognized, these hematomas can cause devastating results. We presented our experience of these patients and discussed diagnosis and management. METHODS: This study included 12 traumatic patients with acute traumatic brain injury who developed delayed contralateral hematoma after evacuation of an acute hematoma...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511965/relationship-between-hospital-volume-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-observational-study-using-a-national-inpatient-database-in-japan
#14
Tomoki Wada, Hideo Yasunaga, Kent Doi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Yoichi Kitsuta, Susumu Nakajima
BACKGROUND: The relationship between hospital volume and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not completely understood in a real clinical setting. We investigated whether patients admitted with TBI achieved better outcomes in high-volume hospitals than in low-volume hospitals using a national inpatient database in Japan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the Diagnosis Combination Procedure database in Japan. We included patients with TBI admitted to hospitals with a Japan Coma Scale (JCS) score ≥2 between April 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511359/occurrence-of-chemical-contaminants-in-peri-urban-agricultural-irrigation-waters-and-assessment-of-their-phytotoxicity-and-crop-productivity
#15
Anna Margenat, Víctor Matamoros, Sergi Díez, Núria Cañameras, Jordi Comas, Josep M Bayona
Water scarcity and water pollution have increased the pressure on water resources worldwide. This pressure is particularly important in highly populated areas where water demand exceeds the available natural resources. In this regard, water reuse has emerged as an excellent water source alternative for peri-urban agriculture. Nevertheless, it must cope with the occurrence of chemical contaminants, ranging from trace elements (TEs) to organic microcontaminants. In this study, chemical contaminants (i.e., 15 TEs, 34 contaminants of emerging concern (CECs)), bulk parameters, and nutrients from irrigation waters and crop productivity (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill...
May 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510786/the-impact-of-frailty-on-noninvasive-mechanical-ventilation-in-elderly-medical-intensive-care-unit-patients
#16
Iskender Kara, F Yildirim, A Zerman, Z Gullu, N Boyaci, B B Aydogan, U Gaygisiz, K Gonderen, G Arik, M Turkoglu, M Aydogdu, G Aygencel, Z Ulger, G Gursel
AIM: Many factors affecting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in critically ill patients have been reported in the literature, but there is no study about the effect of frailty. With this study, the frailty prevalence was evaluated with two different frailty scores among the NIV population of a medical intensive care unit (ICU). Besides, the impact of frailty on NIV success and mortality and its association with NIV application problems were evaluated. METHOD: A prospective observational cohort study was performed on patients who were over 50 years of age and assigned to NIV due to hypercapnic respiratory failure...
May 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509139/unusual-listeria-monocytogenes-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Miloš Mitrović, P Đurić, A Janković, V Todorov, J Tošić-Dragović, N Simović, T Damjanović, N Dimković
Spontaneous Listeria peritonitis is well described in liver failure, but is uncommon in peritoneal dialysis patients. Atypical cases where peritonitis symptoms develop after systemic manifestations are rare and challenging for diagnostic. A 57-year-old peritoneal dialysis patient with history of ethylic cirrhosis was admitted after epileptic seizure. On admission, patient was soporous without signs of peritonitis and meningitis. Patient's peritoneal effluent was clear, with normal leukocytes. Cranial CT scan showed no abnormalities...
March 22, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508963/hemodiafiltration-for-hepatic-encephalopathy-induced-by-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#18
Takuya Wakamatsu, Suguru Yamamoto, Kenya Kamimura, Takeshi Nakatsue, Noriaki Iino, Seitaro Iguchi, Yoshikatsu Kaneko, Shin Goto, Junichiro James Kazama, Ichiei Narita
A 36-year-old woman who was undergoing dialysis for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) was admitted to our hospital with consciousness disorder. She was diagnosed with Budd-Chiari syndrome due to antiphospholipid syndrome at the age of 28 years. Her kidney function and leg edema gradually deteriorated. After initiation of hemodialysis (HD), transient loss of consciousness due to hepatic encephalopathy during HD treatment occurred frequently. Her kidney replacement therapy was changed to online hemodiafiltration (HDF), which dramatically improved her hepatic coma...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507056/parallel-in-vivo-monitoring-of-ph-in-gill-capillaries-and-muscles-of-fishes-using-microencapsulated-biomarkers
#19
Ekaterina Borvinskaya, Anton Gurkov, Ekaterina Shchapova, Boris Baduev, Zhanna Shatilina, Anton Sadovoy, Igor Meglinski, Maxim Timofeyev
Tracking physiological parameters in different organs within the same organism simultaneously and in real time can provide an outstanding representation of the organism's physiological status. The state-of-the-art technique of using encapsulated fluorescent molecular probes (microencapsulated biomarkers) is a unique tool that can serve as a platform for the development of new methods to obtain in vivo physiological measurements and is applicable to a broad range of organisms. Here, we describe a novel technique to monitor the pH of blood inside the gill capillaries and interstitial fluid of muscles by using microencapsulated biomarkers in a zebrafish model...
May 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506244/early-eeg-for-outcome-prediction-of-postanoxic-coma-prospective-cohort-study-with-cost-minimization-analysis
#20
Lotte Sondag, Barry J Ruijter, Marleen C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, Albertus Beishuizen, Frank H Bosch, Janine A van Til, Michel J A M van Putten, Jeannette Hofmeijer
BACKGROUND: We recently showed that electroencephalography (EEG) patterns within the first 24 hours robustly contribute to multimodal prediction of poor or good neurological outcome of comatose patients after cardiac arrest. Here, we confirm these results and present a cost-minimization analysis. Early prognosis contributes to communication between doctors and family, and may prevent inappropriate treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 430 subsequent comatose patients after cardiac arrest was conducted at intensive care units of two teaching hospitals...
May 15, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
keyword
keyword
554
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"