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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293210/integration-of-advance-information-about-a-forthcoming-task-switch-evidence-from-eye-blink-rates
#1
Thomas Kleinsorge, Juliane Scheil
We investigated task switching among four tasks by means of a modified cuing procedure with two types of cues. One type of cue consisted of a standard task cue indicating the next task. In half of the trials, this task cue was preceded by another type of cue that reduced the set of candidate tasks from four to two tasks. In addition, we measured participants' spontaneous eye blink rates (EBRs) at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of the experiment. Whereas interindividual differences in mean EBR had no pronounced effect on task switching performance, changes in EBRs during the first half of the experiment significantly modulated the interaction of the effects of the two types of cues...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287122/spad-imagers-for-super-resolution-localization-microscopy-enable-analysis-of-fast-fluorophore-blinking
#2
Ivan Michel Antolovic, Samuel Burri, Claudio Bruschini, Ron A Hoebe, Edoardo Charbon
sCMOS imagers are currently utilized (replacing EMCCD imagers) to increase the acquisition speed in super resolution localization microscopy. Single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) imagers feature frame rates per bit depth comparable to or higher than sCMOS imagers, while generating microsecond 1-bit-frames without readout noise, thus paving the way to in-depth time-resolved image analysis. High timing resolution can also be exploited to explore fluorescent dye blinking and other photophysical properties, which can be used for dye optimization...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286427/intraindividual-and-interindividual-di%C3%AF-erences-in-spontaneous-eye-blinking-relationships-to-working-memory-performance-and-frontal-eeg-asymmetry
#3
Leigh F Bacher, Shirley Retz, Courtney Lindon, Martha Ann Bell
The rate and timing of spontaneous eye blinking (SB) may be used to explore mechanisms of cognitive activity in infancy. In particular, SB rate is believed to reflect some dimensions of dopamine function; therefore, we hypothesized that SB rate would relate to working memory performance and to frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry. Forty, 10-mo-old infants completed an A-not-B task while SB and EEG were measured throughout. We found that SB rate varied across phases of the task, variability in SB rate was positively related to working memory performance, and frontal EEG asymmetry was related to individual differences in the rate of SB...
March 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278736/mood-effects-on-attentional-control-a-preregistered-replication-study-and-critical-analysis
#4
Helen Tibboel
In a widely cited paper, Jefferies et al. ( 2008 ) report a study in which they manipulated participants' mood and examined the effects of this manipulation on their performance on the Attentional Blink task. Their results revealed an interaction between emotional valence and arousal: attentional control of participants who experienced a negative mood with low arousal (i.e. sadness) was best, whereas it was worst for participants who experienced a negative mood with high arousal (i.e. anxiety). Performance for participants who were in a positive mood, either with low arousal (i...
February 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275873/blink-reflex-habituation-in-migraine-and-chronic-tension-type-headache
#5
Theodoros Avramidis, Anastasia Bougea, George Hadjigeorgiou, Thomas Thomaides, Alexandros Papadimitriou
ΑBSTRACT: R1 and R2 blink reflex latencies were investigated blind in 55 patients with chronic tension-type headache, 55 patients with migraine, and 55 headache-free controls. Standard electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve was applied and the response was recorded from the ipsilateral orbicularis oculi muscles. There were no R1 or R2 latency differences between the three groups. During migraine attacks we observed a statistically significant reduction of R2 amplitude and area. The main finding of our study was the elicitation of the late R2" response at different interstimulus intervals in migraine patients compared to the tension-type headache and control groups...
March 8, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271390/alpha-beta-the-rhythm-of-the-attentional-blink
#6
Kimron L Shapiro, Simon Hanslmayr, James T Enns, Alejandro Lleras
Extant theories of the attentional blink propose that the most critical factor in determining second target accuracy is the time that elapses between the first and second targets. We report that this conclusion has overlooked an equally important determinant, namely, the frequency of the entraining stream in which these targets are embedded. Specifically, we show in two experiments that the signature of the attentional blink-second target accuracy that increases with intertarget lag-is significantly larger for entraining streams that are in the alpha-beta frequency range, relative to streams that are slower (theta) or faster (gamma)...
March 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270961/golden-angle-based-scanning-for-robust-corneal-topography-with-oct
#7
Joerg Wagner, David Goldblum, Philippe C Cattin
Corneal topography allows the assessment of the cornea's refractive power which is crucial for diagnostics and surgical planning. The use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for corneal topography is still limited. One limitation is the susceptibility to disturbances like blinking of the eye. This can result in partially corrupted scans that cannot be evaluated using common methods. We present a new scanning method for reliable corneal topography from partial scans. Based on the golden angle, the method features a balanced scan point distribution which refines over measurement time and remains balanced when part of the scan is removed...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269451/simultaneous-evaluation-of-prepulse-inhibition-with-emg-and-eeg-using-advanced-artifact-removal-techniques
#8
Francisco J Fraga, Claudemiro V Noya, Maria I Zimiani, Milton A Avila, Rosana Shuhama, Cristina M Del-Ben, Paulo R Menezes, Rodrigo S Martin, Cristiane Salum
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) consists of a reduction of the acoustic startle reflex (SR) magnitude (measured with EMG) when a startling stimulus is preceded by a non-startling one. This behavior has been extensively investigated in studies related to schizophrenia, since sensory-motor deficit plays a central role in its pathophysiology. However, the same auditory stimuli that trigger the SR also provoke intense auditory evoked responses (AEP), which can be measured with EEG. Comparing these two types of responses, acquired simultaneously, is a great opportunity to investigate the dependence and interdependence of their neural pathways...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269337/implementation-of-a-control-system-for-a-power-wheelchair-with-induction-of-a-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-ratio-by-visual-feedback
#9
Yudai Iida, Ryota Horie
Techniques using electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain computer interfaces (BCIs) have been developed and are eagerly anticipated as novel interfaces for controlling power wheelchairs. In addition to the BCIs, smart glass technology has been developed. In our previous study, we propose a prototype of an intuitive control system for a power wheelchair; this system comprises a simple EEG recorder, smart glass, and a microcomputer. Using this system, the power wheelchair moves straight ahead when a user concentrates, stops when the user blinks, and turns left or right when the user tilt his/her neck to the left or right, respectively...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268985/a-new-regression-based-method-for-the-eye-blinks-artifacts-correction-in-the-eeg-signal-without-using-any-eog-channel
#10
Gianluca Di Flumeri, Pietro Arico, Gianluca Borghini, Alfredo Colosimo, Fabio Babiloni
Eye blinks artifacts correction in the EEG signal is a best practice in many applications. Nowadays, different approaches can be used to overcome such an issue: the most used methods are based on regression techniques and Independent Component Analysis. It is not clear which is the best performing method, thus the choice of which method to adopt depends on the specific application, on the basis of the method limitations. In fact, on one hand the regression-based methods require at least one EOG channel, and are affected by the mutual contamination between EEG and EOG signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268740/fatigue-evaluation-using-a-glass-shape-optical-sensors-system
#11
Ryogo Horiuchi, Norihisa Miki
The demand for measurements of mental stress and fatigue, which leads to low efficacy, illness, and sometimes tragic accidents, is rising up in recent years. However, detection and quantification of change in one's wakefulness which trigger mental stress and fatigue remains to be elucidated. In this paper, we focus on physiological signals showing up on one's eyelid to detect change in one's wakefulness. Using our micro-fabricated eyeglass-shape optical sensor system, we successfully found several eyelid movements which have strong correlation with one's wakefulness...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268652/a-survey-on-the-feasibility-of-surface-emg-in-facial-pacing
#12
Ville Rantanen, Mirja Ilves, Antti Vehkaoja, Anton Kontunen, Jani Lylykangas, Eeva Makela, Markus Rautiainen, Veikko Surakka, Jukka Lekkala
A survey on the feasibility of surface electromyography (EMG) measurements in facial pacing is presented. Pacing for unilateral facial paralysis consists of the measurement of activity from the healthy side of the face and functional electrical stimulation to reanimate the paralyzed one. The goal of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of surface EMG as a measurement method to detect muscle activations and to determine their intensities. Prior work is discussed, and results from experiments where 12 participants carried out a set of facial movements are presented...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268149/corneal-nerve-microstructure-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Stuti L Misra, Hannah M Kersten, Richard H Roxburgh, Helen V Danesh-Meyer, Charles N J McGhee
Ocular surface changes and blink abnormalities are well-established in Parkinson's disease. Blink rate may be influenced by corneal sub-basal nerve density, however, this relationship has not yet been investigated in Parkinson's disease. This case-control study examined the ocular surface in patients with moderately severe Parkinson's disease, including confocal microscopy of the cornea. Fifteen patients with moderately severe Parkinson's disease (modified Hoehn and Yahr grade 3 or 4) and fifteen control participants were recruited...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266633/utilization-of-a-combined-eeg-nirs-system-to-predict-driver-drowsiness
#14
Thien Nguyen, Sangtae Ahn, Hyojung Jang, Sung Chan Jun, Jae Gwan Kim
The large number of automobile accidents due to driver drowsiness is a critical concern of many countries. To solve this problem, numerous methods of countermeasure have been proposed. However, the results were unsatisfactory due to inadequate accuracy of drowsiness detection. In this study, we introduce a new approach, a combination of EEG and NIRS, to detect driver drowsiness. EEG, EOG, ECG and NIRS signals have been measured during a simulated driving task, in which subjects underwent both awake and drowsy states...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265963/do-emotion-induced-blindness-and-the-attentional-blink-share-underlying-mechanisms-an-event-related-potential-study-of-emotionally-arousing-words
#15
Jeffrey MacLeod, Brandie M Stewart, Aaron J Newman, Karen M Arnell
When two targets are presented within approximately 500 ms of each other in the context of rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), participants' ability to report the second target is reduced compared to when the targets are presented further apart in time. This phenomenon is known as the attentional blink (AB). The AB is increased in magnitude when the first target is emotionally arousing. Emotionally arousing stimuli can also capture attention and create an AB-like effect even when these stimuli are presented as to-be-ignored distractor items in a single-target RSVP task...
March 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264639/a-multiple-plasticity-spiking-neural-network-embedded-in-a-closed-loop-control-system-to-model-cerebellar-pathologies
#16
Alice Geminiani, Claudia Casellato, Alberto Antonietti, Egidio D'Angelo, Alessandra Pedrocchi
The cerebellum plays a crucial role in sensorimotor control and cerebellar disorders compromise adaptation and learning of motor responses. However, the link between alterations at network level and cerebellar dysfunction is still unclear. In principle, this understanding would benefit of the development of an artificial system embedding the salient neuronal and plastic properties of the cerebellum and operating in closed-loop. To this aim, we have exploited a realistic spiking computational model of the cerebellum to analyze the network correlates of cerebellar impairment...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263628/frozen-in-time-concurrent-task-performance-interferes-with-temporal-shifts-of-attention
#17
Troy A W Visser
It is well known that the requirement to perform a concurrent task interferes with many aspects of perception and cognition. Evidence suggests that this interference extends to spatial shifts of attention, which appear to be reduced in efficiency when they must be performed while processing related to another task is ongoing. Here, the authors investigate whether concurrent tasks also interfere with shifts of temporal attention-that is, with the ability to shift attention to an expected time of stimulus onset...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259190/recent-advances-in-understanding-delayed-photoluminescence-in-colloidal-semiconductor-nanocrystals
#18
Arianna Marchioro
Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals display remarkably bright, strongly size-dependent photoluminescence properties. Following photoexcitation of these materials, temporary charge carrier separation can occur where one or both charge carriers are trapped. Charge detrapping can reform the emissive state on long time scales up to seconds, causing delayed luminescence. This delayed luminescence has not yet been thoroughly explored, and appears to be closely associated with a phenomenon observed at the single particle level, i...
February 22, 2017: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256776/photoluminescence-intermittency-and-photo-bleaching-of-single-colloidal-quantum-dot
#19
REVIEW
Haiyan Qin, Renyang Meng, Na Wang, Xiaogang Peng
Photoluminescence (PL) blinking of single colloidal quantum dot (QD)-PL intensity switching between different brightness states under constant excitation-and photo-bleaching are roadblocks for most applications of QDs. This progress report shall treat PL blinking and photo-bleaching both as photochemical events, namely, PL blinking as reversible and photo-bleaching being irreversible ones. Most studies on single-molecule spectroscopy of QDs in literature are related to PL blinking, which invites us to concentrate our discussions on the PL blinking, including its brief history in 20 years, analysis methods, competitive mechanisms and different strategies to battle it...
March 3, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255172/reaching-back-the-relative-strength-of-the-retroactive-emotional-attentional-blink
#20
Áine Ní Choisdealbha, Richard M Piech, John K Fuller, David H Zald
Visual stimuli with emotional content appearing in close temporal proximity either before or after a target stimulus can hinder conscious perceptual processing of the target via an emotional attentional blink (EAB). This occurs for targets that appear after the emotional stimulus (forward EAB) and for those appearing before the emotional stimulus (retroactive EAB). Additionally, the traditional attentional blink (AB) occurs because detection of any target hinders detection of a subsequent target. The present study investigated the relations between these different attentional processes...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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