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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773970/face-preferences-for-infant-and-adult-directed-speakers-in-infants-of-depressed-and-nondepressed-mothers-association-with-infant-cognitive-development
#1
Peter S Kaplan, Ryan M Asherin, Jo M Vogeli, Shiva M Fekri, Kathryn E Scheyer, Kevin D Everhart
Face preferences for speakers of infant-directed and adult-directed speech (IDS and ADS) were investigated in 4- to 13.5-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers. Following 1-min of exposure to an ID or AD speaker (order counterbalanced), infants had an immediate paired-comparison test with a still, silent image of the familiarized versus a novel face. In the test phase, ID face preference ratios were significantly lower in infants of depressed than non-depressed mothers. Infants' ID face preference ratios, but not AD face preference ratios, correlated with their percentile scores on the cognitive ( Cog ) scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant & Toddler Development (3rd Edition; BSID III), assessed concurrently...
May 2018: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#2
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769802/who-height-charts-can-be-safely-substituted-when-calculating-bp-z-scores-in-a-north-american-clinic-setting
#3
Celia J Rodd, Daniel L Metzger, Atul K Sharma
Objectives: The Public Health Agency of Canada has officially adopted growth charts from the World Health Organization (WHO); nevertheless, North American blood pressure (BP) Z-scores and percentiles still depend on height Z-scores based on growth charts from the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), which may differ significantly, particularly in toddlers. Since many practitioners simply replace CDC height scores with WHO equivalents for diagnosing hypertension, we explore the impact of this substitution on BP Z-scores in real-world BPs measured on more than 22,000 children aged 2 to 18 years...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#4
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765884/visual-evoked-potential-in-children-with-developmental-disorders-correlation-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#5
JaYoung Kim, In Young Sung, Eun Jae Ko, Minji Jung
Objective: To investigate the neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with developmental disorder according to visual evoked potential (VEP) results. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed children who visited our Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine with a chief complaint of developmental disability from January 2001 to July 2015. Of the 549 medical records reviewed, 322 children younger than 42 months who underwent both Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development second edition (BSID-II) and VEP studies were enrolled...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765335/heart-rate-variability-during-a-joint-attention-task-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Lucia Billeci, Alessandro Tonacci, Antonio Narzisi, Zaira Manigrasso, Maurizio Varanini, Francesca Fulceri, Caterina Lattarulo, Sara Calderoni, Filippo Muratori
Background: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders featuring early impairments in social domain, with autonomic nervous system (ANS) unbalance possibly representing a useful marker for such disturbances. Impairments in joint attention (JA) are one of the earliest markers of social deficits in ASD. In this study, we assessed the feasibility of using wearable technologies for characterizing the ANS response in ASD toddlers during the presentation of JA stimuli...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762382/starch-malabsorption-in-infants
#7
Robert J Shulman
Based on the developmental physiology of pancreatic amylase production, starch digestion in young infants was anticipated to be compromised whenever compared with that in older infants and toddlers. This appears to be the case, but with great variability among infants to digest starch. Evidence points to the importance of maltase-glucoamylase in young infants and its effect on starch digestion. These observations have critical importance for recommendations regarding the feeding of starch-containing foods to young infants...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762375/starch-consumption-patterns-in-infants-and-young-children
#8
Erin Quann, Ryan Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The introduction of starch into an infant's diet is an important milestone in the feeding journey. Intestinal maturity and the presence of digestive enzymes are necessary for the physiologic breakdown of starch and other complementary foods. However, little is known about the consumption patterns of starch containing foods during complementary feeding. METHOD: The 2008 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) is a cross-sectional 24-hour dietary intake survey of a nationally representative sample of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth to 48 months of age...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762363/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-primary-and-booster-vaccinations-of-a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-in-healthy-infants-and-toddlers-in-germany-and-the-czech-republic
#9
Roman Prymula, Dorothee Kieninger, Emmanuel Feroldi, Emilia Jordanov, Siham B'Chir, Xavier DaCosta
BACKGROUND: To support a fully liquid, diphtheria (D)-tetanus (T)-acellular pertussis (aP)-inactivated poliovirus (IPV)-hepatitis B (HB)-Haemophilus influenzae b (PRP-T) vaccine in Europe using a 2, 3, 4 month primary series and a booster at 11 to 15 months of age. METHODS: Phase III, randomized, observer-blind studies in Germany and the Czech Republic. Participants who had not received HB vaccine were randomized to a 2, 3, 4 month primary series of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T (Group 1; N=266) or a reconstituted DTaPHB-IPV//PRP-T comparator (Group 2; N=263) and a booster of the same vaccine...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#10
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761735/spatial-release-from-masking-in-2-year-olds-with-normal-hearing-and-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#11
Christi L Hess, Sara M Misurelli, Ruth Y Litovsky
This study evaluated spatial release from masking (SRM) in 2- to 3-year-old children who are deaf and were implanted with bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs), and in age-matched normal-hearing (NH) toddlers. Here, we examined whether early activation of bilateral hearing has the potential to promote SRM that is similar to age-matched NH children. Listeners were 13 NH toddlers and 13 toddlers with BiCIs, ages 27 to 36 months. Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured for target speech in front (0°) and for competitors that were either Colocated in front (0°) or Separated toward the right (+90°)...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759850/differences-in-prehospital-patient-assessments-for-pediatric-versus-adult-patients
#12
Sriram Ramgopal, Jonathan Elmer, Jeremiah Escajeda, Christian Martin-Gill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether completion of vital signs assessments in pediatric transports by emergency medical services (EMS) differs by patient age. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed records by 20 agencies in a regional EMS system in Southwestern Pennsylvania between April 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016. We abstracted demographics, vital signs (systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate), clinical, and transport characteristics. We categorized age as neonates (≤30 days), infants (1 month to <1 year), toddler (1 to <2 years), early childhood (2 to <6 years), middle childhood (6 to <12 years), adolescent (12 to <18 years), and adult (≥18 years)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759025/impact-of-infant-supraglottoplasty-on-quality-of-life
#13
Nathan D Vandjelovic, Jason R Brown, Henri T Traboulsi, Prasad John Thottam
Objectives The objective of the present study is to examine the impact of supraglottoplasty on the quality of life (QOL) of caregivers and infants with severe laryngomalacia and moderate laryngomalacia with feeding difficulties. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary children's hospital. Subjects and Methods Thirty-nine infants who underwent supraglottoplasty were examined. The primary caregiver answered the 47-item short form of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire-47 pre- and postoperatively; the subsection scores were compared...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757800/are-you-there-for-me-joint-engagement-and-emotional-availability-in-parent-child-interactions-for-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#14
Evelien Dirks, Carolien Rieffe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined joint engagement and emotional availability of parent-child interactions for toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH) and in relation to children's language abilities. DESIGN: The participants in this study were 25 children with MHL (40 to 60 dB hearing loss) and 26 children with NH (mean age: 33.3 months). The children and their parents were filmed during a 10-minute free play session in their homes...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756709/strategies-of-blind-children-to-achieve-cognitive-development-a-qualitative-study
#15
Elsa I Bei, Alicia Oiberman, Daniela Teisseire, Jorgelina Barres
INTRODUCTION: Studying the cogni t ive development of blind children is particularly interesting in itself and because it provides intervention guidelines. The etiology of blindness is heterogeneous but this does not hinder the possibility of establishing the characteristics typical of its development. If these children acquire language at approximately 2 years, it means the last stage of sensorimotor intelligence has been achieved. OBJECTIVE: To determine the strategies that blind infants and toddlers adopt during the sensorimotor period to achieve an adequate level of development...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#16
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754501/naturalistic-language-sampling-to-characterize-the-language-abilities-of-3-year-olds-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Elizabeth C Bacon, Suzanna Osuna, Eric Courchesne, Karen Pierce
Characterization of language in naturalistic settings in autism spectrum disorder has been lacking, particularly at young ages, but such information is important for parents, teachers, and clinicians to better support language development in real-world settings. Factors contributing to this lack of clarity include conflicting definitions of language abilities, use of non-naturalistic standardized assessments, and restricted samples. The current study examined one of the largest datasets of naturalistic language samples in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder, and language delay and typically developing contrast groups at age 3...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#18
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753539/real-world-implementation-of-infant-behavioral-sleep-interventions-results-of-a-parental-survey
#19
Sarah M Honaker, Amy J Schwichtenberg, Tamar A Kreps, Jodi A Mindell
OBJECTIVE: To describe parental practices implementing behavioral sleep intervention (BSI) outside a clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Parents (n = 652), recruited through a Facebook group designed as a peer support group for parents using BSI, completed an online survey about their experience using BSI with their infant or toddler. RESULTS: On average, parents implemented BSI when their infant was 5.6 (±2.77) months. Parents most often used modified (49...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753346/clinical-outcome-assessments-use-of-normative-data-in-a-pediatric-rare-disease
#20
Dawn Phillips, Beth Leiro
Pediatric rare diseases present unique challenges in clinical trial design and in selection of clinical outcome assessments (COAs) used to support claims in medical product labeling. COAs that discriminate level of function relative to a normative sample are particularly important in the pediatric rare disease setting because the literature is often void of natural history data. Pediatric rare disease clinical trials will often include a wide age distribution. Gross and fine motor skills, communication, cognition, and independence in activities of daily living vary by age, and it may be difficult to distinguish between treatment effect and change due to developmental maturation...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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