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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230400/the-interplay-of-maternal-sensitivity-and-toddler-engagement-of-mother-in-predicting-self-regulation
#1
Jean M Ispa, Chang Su-Russell, Francisco Palermo, Gustavo Carlo
Using data from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, a cross-lag mediation model was tested to examine longitudinal relations among low-income mothers' sensitivity; toddlers' engagement of their mothers; and toddler's self-regulation at ages 1, 2, and 3 years (N = 2,958). Age 1 maternal sensitivity predicted self-regulation at ages 2 and 3 years, and age 2 engagement of mother mediated the relation between age 1 maternal sensitivity and age 3 self-regulation. Lagged relations from toddler self-regulation at ages 1 and 2 years to later maternal sensitivity were not significant, suggesting stronger influence from mother to toddler than vice versa...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217064/a-simple-technique-to-achieve-vascular-access-for-continuous-venous-venous-ultrafiltration-in-a-toddler
#2
Joseph Drew Tobias
Acute renal failure is associated with increased mortality in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. When anuric or oliguric renal failure occurs, the associated fluid overload may compromise respiratory function and has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes. Renal replacement therapy using continuous venous-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) allows for fluid, solute, and nitrogenous waste removal. However, large bore vascular access with placement of a double-lumen dialysis catheter is necessary to ensure effective flow rates to allow for CVVH...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212827/longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-feeding-and-overweight-in-low-income-toddlers
#3
Julie C Lumeng, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller
Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mass index, maternal education, and maternal depressive symptoms...
February 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212508/examining-cross-cultural-differences-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-multinational-comparison-from-greece-italy-japan-poland-and-the-united-states
#4
J L Matson, M Matheis, C O Burns, G Esposito, P Venuti, E Pisula, A Misiak, E Kalyva, V Tsakiris, Y Kamio, M Ishitobi, R L Goldin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social and communication impairments as well as restricted, repetitive behavior patterns. Despite the fact that ASD is reported worldwide, very little research exists examining ASD characteristics on a multinational scale. Cross-cultural comparisons are especially important for ASD, since cultural differences may impact the perception of symptoms. Identifying behaviors that are similarly reported as problematic across cultures as well as identifying behaviors in which there is cultural variation could aid in the development and refinement of more universally effective measures...
February 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211134/effect-of-age-on-the-performance-of-bispectral-and-entropy-indices-during-sevoflurane-pediatric-anesthesia-a-pharmacometric-study
#5
Alberto Sciusco, Joseph F Standing, Yucheng Sheng, Pasquale Raimondo, Gilda Cinnella, Michele Dambrosio
BACKGROUND: Bispectral index (BIS) and entropy monitors have been proposed for use in children, but research has not supported their validity for infants. However, effective monitoring of young children may be even more important than for adults, to aid appropriate anesthetic dosing and reduce the chance of adverse consequences. This prospective study aimed to investigate the relationships between age and the predictive performance of BIS and entropy monitors in measuring the anesthetic drug effects within a pediatric surgery setting...
February 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209168/the-impact-of-preterm-birth-37%C3%A2-weeks-on-parents-and-families-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-2%C3%A2-years-after-discharge-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Ashwini Lakshmanan, Meghana Agni, Tracy Lieu, Eric Fleegler, Michele Kipke, Philippe S Friedlich, Marie C McCormick, Mandy B Belfort
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the quality of life of parents and families of preterm infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our aims were (1) to describe the impact of preterm birth on parents and families and (2) and to identify potentially modifiable determinants of parent and family impact. METHODS: We surveyed 196 parents of preterm infants <24 months corrected age in 3 specialty clinics (82% response rate). Primary outcomes were: (1) the Impact on Family Scale total score; and (2) the Infant Toddler Quality of Life parent emotion and (3) time limitations scores...
February 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204523/evidence-for-hepatitis-a-virus-endemic-circulation-in-israel-despite-universal-toddler-vaccination-since-1999-and-low-clinical-incidence-in-all-age-groups
#7
Yosef Manor, Matthew Lewis, Daniela Ram, Nili Daudi, Orna Mor, Michal Savion, Zipi Kra-Oz, Yonat Shemer Avni, Rivka Sheffer, Daniel Shouval, Ella Mendelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#8
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202133/toddlers-later-diagnosed-with-autism-exhibit-multiple-structural-abnormalities-in-temporal-corpus-callosum-fibers
#9
Noa Fingher, Ilan Dinstein, Michal Ben-Shachar, Shlomi Haar, Anders M Dale, Lisa Eyler, Karen Pierce, Eric Courchesne
Interhemispheric functional connectivity abnormalities are often reported in autism and it is thus not surprising that structural defects of the corpus callosum (CC) are consistently found using both traditional MRI and DTI techniques. Past DTI studies however, have subdivided the CC into 2 or 3 segments without regard for where fibers may project to within the cortex, thus placing limitations on our ability to understand the nature, timing and neurobehavioral impact of early CC abnormalities in autism. Leveraging a unique cohort of 97 toddlers (68 autism; 29 typical) we utilized a novel technique that identified seven CC tracts according to their cortical projections...
January 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199420/clinical-profiles-of-adverse-drug-reactions-spontaneously-reported-at-a-single-korean-hospital-dedicated-to-children-with-complex-chronic-conditions
#10
Bomi Kim, Sunwha Zara Kim, Jin Lee, Ae Hee Jung, Sun-Hoi Jung, Hyeon-Joo Hahn, Hye Ryun Kang, Dong In Suh
Children with complex chronic conditions (CCC) are presumed to be vulnerable to adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The clinical profiles of ADRs in CCC are not well known. Herein, we aim to describe the ADR profiles in CCC with regard to typical presentations and vulnerable groups. We accessed the ADR yearly reports at a tertiary children's hospital whose practice is mainly dedicated to CCC and descriptively analyzed their clinical profiles according to the presence of a complex chronic condition, ADR severity, and age groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199207/assessing-the-potential-function-of-adar1-in-virus-associated-sepsis
#11
Yugang Zhuang, Hu Peng, Yuanzhuo Chen, Shuqin Zhou, Yanqing Chen
Sepsis syndrome is a common and frequently fatal clinical condition. It is defined by the presence of both infection and an uncontrolled systemic inflammatory response. It represents a major, although largely unappreciated, healthcare problem worldwide. It is especially problematic in infants and toddlers who show markedly increased susceptibility to severe infections caused by various pathogens, including viruses. Viruses are important causative agents of sepsis. Host adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 (ADAR1) catalyzes adenosine to inosine (A-to-I) editing of RNA transcripts, thus changing viral RNAs and exerting antiviral and proviral effects...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193271/demographic-correlates-of-screen-time-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-among-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Valerie Carson, Nicholas Kuzik
BACKGROUND: Determining the most important demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity will help identify the groups of children that are most in need of intervention. Little is known in regards to the demographic correlates of sedentary behavior and physical activity in toddlers (aged 12-35 months), where long-term behavioral patterns may initially be formed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations between demographic correlates and specific types of sedentary behavior and physical activity in this age group...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190611/legacy-and-alternative-flame-retardants-in-norwegian-and-uk-indoor-environment-implications-of-human-exposure-via-dust-ingestion
#13
Katerina Kademoglou, Fuchao Xu, Juan Antonio Padilla-Sanchez, Line Småstuen Haug, Adrian Covaci, Chris D Collins
Indoor dust has been acknowledged as a major source of flame retardants (FRs) and dust ingestion is considered a major route of exposure for humans. In the present study, we investigated the presence of PBDEs and alternative FRs such as emerging halogenated FRs (EHFRs) and organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) in indoor dust samples from British and Norwegian houses as well as British stores and offices. BDE209 was the most abundant PBDE congener with median concentrations of 4700ngg(-1) and 3400ngg(-1) in UK occupational and house dust, respectively, 30 and 20 fold higher than in Norwegian house dust...
February 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188114/a-semi-quantitative-food-frequency-questionnaire-validated-in-hispanic-infants-and%C3%A2-toddlers-aged-0-to-24-months
#14
Cristina Palacios, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Eduardo J Santiago-Rodríguez, Olga Sinigaglia, Elaine M Ríos, Maribel Campos, Beatriz Diaz, Walter Willett
BACKGROUND: There are limited validated food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) for infants and toddlers, most of which were evaluated in Europe or Oceania, and the ones available for use in the United States have important limitations. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the validity of an FFQ developed for infants and toddlers. DESIGN: A semi-quantitative FFQ was developed that included 52 food items, their sources, and portion sizes. The FFQ inquired about diets over the previous 7 days...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186339/hand-eye-coordination-predicts-joint-attention
#15
Chen Yu, Linda B Smith
The present article shows that infant and dyad differences in hand-eye coordination predict dyad differences in joint attention (JA). In the study reported here, 51 toddlers ranging in age from 11 to 24 months and their parents wore head-mounted eye trackers as they played with objects together. We found that physically active toddlers aligned their looking behavior with their parent and achieved a substantial proportion of time spent jointly attending to the same object. However, JA did not arise through gaze following but rather through the coordination of gaze with manual actions on objects as both infants and parents attended to their partner's object manipulations...
February 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182482/the-attribution-of-navigational-and-goal-directed-agency-in-dogs-canis-familiaris-and-human-toddlers-homo-sapiens
#16
Tibor Tauzin, Andor Csík, Kata Lovas, György Gergely, József Topál
Both human infants and nonhuman primates can recognize unfamiliar entities as instrumental agents ascribing to them goals and efficiency of goal-pursuit. This competence relies on movement cues indicating distal sensitivity to the environment and choice of efficient goal-approach. Although dogs' evolved sensitivity to social cues allow them to recognize humans as communicative agents, it remains unclear whether they have also evolved a basic concept of instrumental agency. We used a preferential object-choice procedure to test whether adult pet dogs and human toddlers can identify unfamiliar entities as agents based on different types of movement cues that specify different levels of agency...
February 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182143/a-possible-role-of-the-infant-toddler-sensory-profile-in-screening-for-autism-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-specific-sample-of-prematurely-born-children-with-birth-weights-1-500-g
#17
Stepanka Beranova, Jan Stoklasa, Iva Dudova, Daniela Markova, Martina Kasparova, Jana Zemankova, Tomas Urbanek, Tomas Talasek, Pasi Luukka, Michal Hrdlicka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the potential of the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) as a screening tool for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in prematurely born children. METHODS: Parents of 157 children with birth weights <1,500 g (aged 2 years, corrected for prematurity; 88 boys, 69 girls) completed a screening battery that included the ITSP, Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), and the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Infant-Toddler Checklist (CSBS-DP-ITC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182035/cardiac-emergencies-in-neonates-and-young-infants
#18
REVIEW
Nasib Kabbani, Mohamed S Kabbani, Hayan Al Taweel
Cardiac emergencies in children are not infrequent. Early recognition and management are essential to save life and prevent any comorbidity. The presentation of cardiac emergencies and etiologies is variable depending on the age of child at the time of presentation and type of cardiac lesion. Cyanotic and noncyanotic congenital heart diseases are the main causes in neonates and infants. Acquired heart diseases and dysrhythmia are more common causes for cardiac emergencies in toddler and childhood. In this review, we discuss the most common causes for cardiac emergencies in neonates and young infants highlighting important points in the presentation and management that are essential for early recognition and timely management of infants presenting with these conditions...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181053/developing-autism-screening-criteria-for-the-brief-infant-toddler-social-emotional-assessment-bitsea
#19
Ivy Giserman Kiss, Melanie S Feldman, R Christopher Sheldrick, Alice S Carter
There is a critical need for evidence-based, broadband behavioral, and ASD screening measures for use in pediatric and early educational settings to ensure that young children at risk for developing social-emotional disorders and/or ASD are provided with early intervention services to optimize long-term outcomes. The BITSEA is a 42-item screener designed to identify social-emotional/behavioral problems and delays/deficits in social-emotional competence among 11-48-month-olds; 19 items describe behaviors consistent with ASD...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176639/personalized-medicine-in-the-paediatric-population-the-balance-between-pharmacogenetics-progress-and-bioethics
#20
Stefania Schiavone, Margherita Neri, Cristoforo Pomara, Irene Riezzo, Luigia Trabace, Emanuela Turillazzi
Personalized medicine (PM) is becoming increasingly important in contemporary clinical and research scenarios. In the context of PM, pharmacogenomics and pharmacogenetics are aimed at the genetic personalization of drug response. Extrinsic and intrinsic factors may explain inter-individual variability in drug response. Among such factors, age seems to specifically intervene to modulate drug response since normal developmental changes may influence the exposure-response relation. Consequently, the potential benefit of pharmacogenomics (PGx) in the paediatric population is considerable...
February 7, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
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