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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339607/gross-motor-trajectories-during-the-first-year-of-life-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#1
Yu-Han Su, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Yu-Kang Tu, Yen-Tzu Wu, Li-Chiou Chen
Background.: Early identification of motor dysfunction in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants is important in order to provide early intervention. Objective.: This study was to examine the motor trajectories of VLBW preterm infants during their first year of life and to investigate the predictive ability and influencing factors of the trajectories. Design and Methods.: A total of 342 VLBW preterm infants were prospectively assessed for motor development by the Alberta Infant Motor Scales at 4, 6, 9 and 12 months and for developmental outcomes using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development- second edition at 24 months...
February 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339411/infant-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-lessons-learned-from-clinical-implementation
#2
Teressa Garcia Reidy, Joan Carney, Nicole Whiston, Erin Naber
Current evidence supports the efficacy of pediatric constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) for toddlers and children but little has been published about its use in early intervention with children eighteen months and younger. This paper and case report describes the clinical experience of developing and executing a modified pediatric CIMT intervention with infants under 18 months old. This is an emerging area of practice that is showing positive trends with initial cases.
2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339140/acquisition-of-voice-onset-time-in-toddlers-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Karen Chenausky, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Although language delay is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research is equivocal on whether speech development is affected. We used acoustic methods to investigate the existence of sub-perceptual differences in the speech of toddlers who developed ASD. Development of the distinction between b and p was prospectively tracked in 22 toddlers at low risk for ASD (LRC), 22 at high risk for ASD without ASD (HRA-), and 11 at high risk for ASD who were diagnosed with ASD at 36 months (HRA+). Voice onset time (VOT), the main acoustic difference between b and p, was measured from spontaneously produced words at 18, 24, and 36 months...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338574/rigid-occipitocervical-instrumented-fusion-for-atlantoaxial-instability-in-an-18-month-old-toddler-with-brachytelephalangic-chondrodysplasia-punctata-a-case-report
#4
Hiroki Oba, Jun Takahashi, Kyoko Takano, Yuji Inaba, Mitsuo Motobayashi, Gen Nishimura, Shugo Kuraishi, Masayuki Shimizu, Shota Ikegami, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Masashi Uehara, Tomoki Kosho, Hiroyuki Kato, Koki Uno
STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVE.: We report here on an 18-month-old boy with brachytelephalangic chondrodysplasia punctata (BCDP), whose atlantoaxial instability was successfully managed with occipitocervical instrumented fusion (OCF) using screw and rod instrumentations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, there have been a number of reports on BCDP with early onset of cervical myelopathy. Surgical OCF is a vital intervention to salvage affected individuals from the life-threatening morbidity...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335374/beverage-consumption-among-u-s-children-aged-0-24-months-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#5
Carley A Grimes, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Theresa A Nicklas
Data on beverage consumption patterns in early life are limited. The aim of this study was to describe beverage consumption by sociodemographic characteristics, along with water intake and sources of water among U.S. children aged 0-24 months. Data from 2740 children in the 2005-2012 NHANES were analysed. Food intake was determined via one 24-h dietary recall. Beverages were categorised according to What We Eat In America groups. Poverty-Income ratio was used to define household income. During infancy (0-5...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332103/parental-behaviors-and-sleep-wake-patterns-of-infants-and-toddlers-in-hong-kong-china
#6
Xin-Ting Yu, Avi Sadeh, Hugh Simon Lam, Jodi A Mindell, Albert Martin Li
BACKGROUND: To describe the sleep patterns of children below 36 months in Hong Kong, and evaluate the associations between parental behaviors and childhood sleep/wake patterns. METHODS: Parents of 1049 infants and toddlers completed an internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Total sleep duration (P<0.001), frequency (P<0.001) and duration (P<0.001) of nocturnal awakenings decreased with age, whereas the longest sleep duration (P<0...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323060/food-neophobia-and-its-association-with-intake-of-fish-and-other-selected-foods-in-a-norwegian-sample-of-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sissel H Helland, Elling Bere, Helga Birgit Bjørnarå, Nina Cecilie Øverby
Reluctance to try novel foods (food neophobia) prevents toddlers from accepting healthy foods such as fish and vegetables, which are important for child development and health. Eating habits established between ages 2 and 3 years normally track into adulthood and are therefore highly influential; even so, there are few studies addressing food neophobia in this age group. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between the level of food neophobia and the frequency of toddlers' intake of fish, meat, berries, fruit, vegetables, and sweet and salty snacks...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322114/predictive-value-of-gjb2-mutation-status-for-hearing-outcomes-of-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#8
Yasin Abdurehim, Alexandre Lehmann, Anthony G Zeitouni
Objective To systematically review and quantify current evidence regarding the association of GJB2 mutation status with outcomes of pediatric cochlear implantation. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for "GJB2,"pediatric hearing loss," and "cochlear implantation" and their synonyms, with no language restrictions, until December 2, 2015. Review Methods Studies were included that investigated the status of GJB2 mutation and its predictive value for outcomes of pediatric cochlear implantation...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319530/oral-chemical-burns-reported-to-the-poisons-information-centre-in-erfurt-germany-from-1997-to-2014
#9
Juliane Nehrlich, Hans-Peter Klöcking, Helmut Hentschel, Amelie Lupp
Devastating oral burns often followed by lifelong complications can result from ingestion of caustic substances. However, although being one of the most challenging situations in clinical practice, literature data on the epidemiology of oral burns are still scarce. Retrospective analysis of all cases of oral burns after ingestion of corrosive substances reported to the Poisons Information Centre in Erfurt, Germany, from 1997 to 2014 was performed. In total, 482 calls because of oral burns were registered, with no change in the numbers of cases during the years...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318769/impact-of-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccination-four-years-after-introduction-of-routine-childhood-immunization-in-brazil
#10
Ana Lucia Andrade, Ruth Minamisava, Lisia Moura Tomich, Ana Paula Lemos, Maria Cecilia Gorla, Maria Cristina de Cunto Brandileone, Carla Madga S Domingues, Camile de Moraes, Gabriela Policena, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach
BACKGROUND: Routine infant immunization with meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccination started in Brazil in November 2010, scheduled at three and five months plus a booster at 12-15months of age. No catch-up was implemented. We assessed the impact of vaccination on meningococcal C disease (MenC) four years after vaccination start in the National Immunization Program. METHODS: We performed an ecological quasi-experimental design from 2008 to 2014 using a deterministic linkage between the National Notification and the National Reference Laboratory databases for meningitis...
March 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318482/cross-sectional-analysis-of-eating-patterns-and-snacking-in-the-us-feeding-infants-and-toddlers-study-2008
#11
Denise M Deming, Kathleen C Reidy, Mary Kay Fox, Ronette R Briefel, Emma Jacquier, Alison L Eldridge
OBJECTIVE: To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. DESIGN: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula)...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317113/temperamental-markers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Suzanne L Macari, Judah Koller, Daniel J Campbell, Katarzyna Chawarska
BACKGROUND: Although temperament has been recognized as an important contributor to childhood psychopathology, its role in emergent autism spectrum phenotypes is not well understood. This study examined whether toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display temperamental vulnerabilities compared to toddlers with other developmental challenges, whether these characteristics are distinct from core autism symptoms, if they are stable over time, and if they contribute to social outcomes in preschool...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315360/parent-child-mealtime-interactions-associated-with-toddlers-refusals-of-novel-and-familiar-foods
#13
Lisa R Fries, Nathalie Martin, Klazine van der Horst
Parents' feeding practices have been associated with children's dietary quality and food acceptance, but previous studies have largely relied exclusively on questionnaires to assess both parent and child behavior. The current study explored the relationships between parents' reported and observed feeding practices and toddlers' food refusals. Sixty families with toddlers (12-36months-old) video recorded their children's dinners at home as well as a separate meal in which they offered the child a novel fruit or vegetable...
March 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314228/untreated-perinatal-paternal-depression-effects-on-offspring
#14
REVIEW
Salvatore Gentile, Maria Luigia Fusco
Transition to parenthood represents an important life event which increases vulnerability to psychological disorders. Aim of this article is to analyze all studies which investigated the effects of untreated perinatal paternal depression in offspring. We searched pertinent, peer-reviewed articles published in English (January 1980 to April 2016) on MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Science.gov. Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. Most of the reviewed studies suffer from methodological limitations, including the small sample, the lack of a structured psychiatric diagnosis, and inclusion bias...
March 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306160/new-approach-shows-no-association-between-maternal-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-childhood-wheeze-or-asthma
#15
Chad A Logan, Stephanie Brandt, Martin Wabitsch, Hermann Brenner, Frank Wiens, Bernd Stahl, Tamás Marosvölgyi, Tamás Decsi, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jon Genuneit
BACKGROUND: Previous observational studies have implied breast milk fatty acid composition may play a role in development of atopic eczema or atopic sensitization in breastfed infants and toddlers. However, studies investigating associations with wheeze and asthma in later childhood are scarce and did not account for inherent correlation of compositional data. Our aim was to explore the association of maternal milk fatty acid composition with childhood wheezing phenotypes and asthma up to age 13 years using a new statistical approach...
March 17, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303094/child-robot-interactions-for-second-language-tutoring-to-preschool-children
#16
Paul Vogt, Mirjam de Haas, Chiara de Jong, Peta Baxter, Emiel Krahmer
In this digital age social robots will increasingly be used for educational purposes, such as second language tutoring. In this perspective article, we propose a number of design features to develop a child-friendly social robot that can effectively support children in second language learning, and we discuss some technical challenges for developing these. The features we propose include choices to develop the robot such that it can act as a peer to motivate the child during second language learning and build trust at the same time, while still being more knowledgeable than the child and scaffolding that knowledge in adult-like manner...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301056/age-at-onset-and-persistence-of-eczema-are-related-to-subsequent-risk-of-asthma-and-hay-fever-from-birth-to-18-years-of-age
#17
Adrian J Lowe, Bianca Angelica, John Su, Caroline J Lodge, David J Hill, Bircan Erbas, Catherine M Bennett, Lyle C Gurrin, Christine Axelrad, Michael J Abramson, Katrina J Allen, Shyamali Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Few studies have simultaneously addressed the importance of age of onset and persistence of eczema for the subsequent development of asthma and hay fever, particularly into early adulthood. METHODS: A high risk birth cohort was recruited comprising 620 infants, who were then followed up frequently until two years of age, annually from age 3 to 7, then at 12 and 18 years, to document any episodes of eczema, current asthma and hay fever. The generalised estimation equation technique was used to examine asthma and hay fever outcomes at 6 (n=325), 12 (n=248) and 18 (n=240) years, when there was consistency of associations across the follow-ups...
March 16, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300623/derivation-of-an-oral-toxicity-reference-value-for-nickel
#18
Lynne T Haber, Hudson K Bates, Bruce C Allen, Melissa J Vincent, Adriana R Oller
Nickel (Ni) is in the earth's crust and can be found in environmental compartments such as water, soil, and air, as well as food. This paper presents an assessment of the oral nickel toxicity data in support of non-cancer health-based oral exposure limits or toxicity reference values (TRVs). This paper derives TRVs for three populations of interest: adults, toddlers, and people who have been dermally sensitized to nickel. The adult/lifetime TRV of 20 μg Ni/kg-day is based on post-implantation loss/perinatal mortality in a 2-generation reproductive study in rats...
March 11, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#19
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290258/parent-reports-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-heart-failure-severity-score-independently-predict-outcome-in-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#20
Susanna L den Boer, Sara J Baart, Marijke H van der Meulen, Gabriëlle G van Iperen, Ad P Backx, Arend D Ten Harkel, Lukas A Rammeloo, Gideon J du Marchie Sarvaas, Ronald B Tanke, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M Utens, Michiel Dalinghaus
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy in children causes heart failure and has a poor prognosis. Health-related quality of life in this patient group is unknown. Moreover, results may provide detailed information of parents' sense of their child's functioning. We hypothesised that health-related quality of life, as rated by parents, and the paediatric heart failure score, as assessed by physicians, have both predictive value on outcome. Methods and results In this prospective study, health-related quality of life was assessed by parent reports: the Infant Toddler Quality of Life questionnaire (0-4 years) or Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 (4-18 years) at 3-6-month intervals...
March 14, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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