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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440914/transesophageal-bronchoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-eus-b-fna-pushing-the-boundaries-in-the-diagnosis
#1
Ravindra Mehta, Pavan Biraris, Swarna Shivakumar, Seema Misra, Parameswaran Anoop, Srikanta J T
Isolated mediastinal adenopathy is a diagnostic challenge in the paediatric population, often requiring invasive surgical procedures for diagnosis. We describe a novel minimally invasive modality in a 20 month toddler-transesophageal bronchoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA). This is the youngest reported use of this modality, highlighting feasibility, technical issues, safety, and rapid diagnosis leading to expedited treatment.
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439374/the-toddler-the-waiter-and-the-captain
#2
Michelle M Kittleson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438548/promoting-toddlers-vegetable-consumption-through-interactive-reading-and-puppetry
#3
Simone M de Droog, Roselinde van Nee, Mieke Govers, Moniek Buijzen
Picture books with characters that promote healthy eating are increasingly being used to make this behavior more attractive. The first aim of this study was to investigate whether the effect of vegetable-promoting picture books on toddlers' vegetable consumption differed according to the reading style and the use of a hand puppet during reading. The second aim was to investigate whether these effects were mediated by toddlers' narrative involvement and character imitation. In a 2 (reading style: interactive vs...
April 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438198/health-related-quality-of-life-in-dutch-infants-toddlers-and-young-children
#4
S A Schepers, H A van Oers, H Maurice-Stam, J Huisman, C M Verhaak, M A Grootenhuis, L Haverman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to provide Dutch normative data and to assess internal consistency and known-groups validity for the TNO AZL Preschool Children Quality of Life (TAPQOL) and the acute version of the generic Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0) in Dutch young children aged 0-7 years. METHODS: Participants were selected from a panel of a large Dutch market research agency. A sample of 794 parents (response rate 61%, 39% fathers) of children (53% boys) from the general Dutch population, completed an electronic version of the TAPQOL (N = 227 infants aged 0-1 years) or PedsQL 4...
April 24, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436476/multiplex-lexical-networks-reveal-patterns-in-early-word-acquisition-in-children
#5
Massimo Stella, Nicole M Beckage, Markus Brede
Network models of language have provided a way of linking cognitive processes to language structure. However, current approaches focus only on one linguistic relationship at a time, missing the complex multi-relational nature of language. In this work, we overcome this limitation by modelling the mental lexicon of English-speaking toddlers as a multiplex lexical network, i.e. a multi-layered network where N = 529 words/nodes are connected according to four relationship: (i) free association, (ii) feature sharing, (iii) co-occurrence, and (iv) phonological similarity...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435564/acute-paraplegia-in-a-toddler-a-diagnostic-journey-compounding-the-challenge-in-management-a-case-report
#6
J H Goh, M Fazir, N A Zainal-Abidin, D Amir, M Singh
Spinal tuberculosis is not common in the paediatric age group. Initial clinical features are often vague and non specific until the disease progresses to later stages. We highlight the diagnostic difficulties and management challenges of a complicated extradural tuberculoma with neurological deficits in a very young girl.
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433876/maternal-responsivity-to-infants-in-the-high-chair-assessment-longitudinal-relations-with-toddler-outcomes-in-a-diverse-low-income-sample
#7
Colleen R O'Neal, Lynsey Weston, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Lisa J Berlin, Ranga Atapattu
Infant-parent interactions occur across many situations, yet most home-based assessments of parenting behaviors are conducted under conditions of low stress, such as free play. In this study, low-income mothers from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project were observed at home interacting with their 14-month-olds in the mildly stressful "High Chair" assessment (n=1718 dyads). This methodological study tested whether High Chair maternal responsiveness and detachment predicted later toddler cognitive and emotion outcomes, over and above equivalent maternal predictors during free play...
April 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431557/the-effect-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-in-nepalese-infants-on-growth-and-development-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Tor A Strand, Manjeswori Ulak, Ram K Chandyo, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, Merina Shrestha, Sudha Basnet, Suman Ranjitkar, Laxman Shrestha, Prakash S Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies and is associated with poor cognitive development and growth. Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and it is necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. The aim of the present study is to measure the effect of daily supplementation of vitamin B12 on the neurodevelopment and growth of young children in Nepal. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting an individually randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 600 marginally stunted children 6-11 months old (length for age less than -1 z-score)...
April 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#9
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429039/-true-thymic-hyperplasia-differential-diagnosis-of-thymic-mass-lesions-in-neonates-and-children
#10
C-A Weis, B Märkl, T Schuster, K Vollert, P Ströbel, A Marx
Reactive and neoplastic thymic pathologies are the main considerations in the case of masses in the anterior and middle part of the mediastinum, while neurogenic tumors are predominant in the posterior mediastinum (which are not dealt with here). In neonates and infants, the commonest pathologies in the anterior mediastinum comprise germ cell tumors (mainly teratomas), congenital thymic cysts and true thymic hyperplasia (TTH). In toddlers, teratomas, yolk sac tumors and cysts predominate. In children over 5 years of age, lymphomas are the commonest mass lesions whereas thymomas and thymic carcinomas are rare...
April 20, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#11
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
March 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#12
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420626/sleep-problems-in-toddlers-are-linked-to-touch-screen-use-survey-finds
#13
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419448/understanding-the-transfer-deficit-contextual-mismatch-proactive-interference-and-working-memory-affect-toddlers-video-based-transfer
#14
Koeun Choi, Heather L Kirkorian, Tiffany A Pempek
Researchers tested the impact of contextual mismatch, proactive interference, and working memory (WM) on toddlers' transfer across contexts. Forty-two toddlers (27-34 months) completed four object-retrieval trials, requiring memory updating on Trials 2-4. Participants watched hiding events on a tablet computer. Search performance was tested using another tablet (match) or a felt board (mismatch). WM was assessed. On earlier search trials, WM predicted transfer in both conditions, and toddlers in the match condition outperformed those in the mismatch condition; however, the benefit of contextual match and WM decreased over trials...
April 17, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416889/predicting-toddler-temperamental-approach-withdrawal-contributions-of-early-approach-tendencies-parenting-behavior-and-contextual-novelty
#15
Mairin E Augustine, Kameron J Moding, Cynthia A Stifter
Research suggests that temperamental approach-withdrawal is subject to parenting influences, but few studies have explored how specific parenting behaviors and contextual novelty contribute to the observed pattern of effects. The present study examined associations between infant temperamental approach, mother behavior while introducing novel objects (12 months) and temperamental approach-withdrawal in toddlerhood (18 months) in a sample of 132 infants (68 males). Maternal positive affect predicted more toddler approach-withdrawal for high-approach infants and maternal stimulation predicted less toddler approach-withdrawal for low-approach infants; however, these patterns varied with intensity of novelty in both parenting and toddler outcome contexts...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416678/reply-to-rubio-fern%C3%A3-ndez-et-al-different-traditional-false-belief-tasks-impose-different-processing-demands-for-toddlers
#16
Rose M Scott, Peipei Setoh, Renée Baillargeon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414000/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-toddler-behavior-problems-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress
#17
M Ann Easterbrooks, Molly K Crossman, Alessandra Caruso, Maryna Raskin, Claudia Miranda-Julian
Maternal mind-mindedness (MM) reflects a caregiver's tendency to view a child as an individual with an independent mind. Research has linked higher MM with more favorable parenting and child adaptation. The aim of this study was to examine whether MM was associated with toddlers' behavior problems and competence, and the moderating role of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample (N = 212) of adolescent mothers and their toddlers. MM was coded from maternal utterances during free play; mothers completed the University of California at Los Angeles Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and reported on children's behavior problems and competence using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412898/a-collaborative-process-for-evaluating-infant-mental-health-home-visiting-in-michigan
#18
Jamie M Lawler, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Mary Ludtke, Deborah J Weatherston, Betty Tableman
This column describes an innovative collaboration in Michigan that could serve as a model for meaningful community-university-state partnerships. Recent legislation in Michigan threatened the infant mental health home visiting program, a service for Medicaid-eligible infants, toddlers, and families affected by mental illness. The University of Michigan is overseeing two major studies in collaboration with the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, the Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health, the Michigan Infant Toddler Research Exchange faculty network, and community health service providers to determine the evidence base for the program and ensure its future success...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411449/prenatal-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-early-communication-development-in-british-girls
#19
Zuha Jeddy, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Cayla Poteete, Katarzyna Kordas
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), found in many household products and classed as endocrine disrupting chemicals, can be transferred through the placenta and are associated with multiple developmental deficits in offspring. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the association between intrauterine exposure to PFAS and early communication development in 432 mother-daughter dyads at 15 and 38months of age. Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) were measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407535/exploring-parental-behavior-and-child-interactive-engagement-a-study-on-children-with-a-significant-cognitive-and-motor-developmental-delay
#20
Ines Van Keer, Stephy Colla, Karla Van Leeuwen, Carla Vlaskamp, Eva Ceulemans, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Annemie Desoete, Bea Maes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parenting factors are one of the most striking gaps in the current scientific literature on the development of young children with significant cognitive and motor disabilities. We aim to explore the characteristics of, and the association between, parental behavior and children's interactive engagement within this target group. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-five parent-child dyads (with children aged 6-59 months) were video-taped during a 15-min unstructured play situation...
April 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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