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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542555/parenting-styles-feeding-styles-and-food-related-parenting-practices-in-relation-to-toddlers-eating-styles-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#1
Klazine van der Horst, Ester F C Sleddens
INTRODUCTION: Toddlers' eating behaviors are influenced by the way parents interact with their children. The objective of this study was to explore how five major constructs of general parenting behavior cluster in parents of toddlers. These parenting clusters were further explored to see how they differed in the use of feeding strategies (i.e. feeding styles and food parenting practices) and by reported child eating styles. METHODS: An online survey with 1005 mothers/caregivers (legal guardians) with at least one child between 12 and 36 months old was conducted in the United States in 2012, assessing general parenting behavior, feeding style, food parenting practices and the child eating styles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542017/children-with-single-sided-deafness-use-their-cochlear-implant
#2
Melissa Jane Polonenko, Blake Croll Papsin, Karen Ann Gordon
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptance of a cochlear implant (CI) by children with single-sided deafness (SSD) as measured by duration of CI use across daily listening environments. DESIGN: Datalogs for 7 children aged 1.1 to 14.5 years (mean ± SD: 5.9 ± 5.9 years old), who had SSD and were implanted in their deaf ear, were anonymized and extracted from their CI processors. Data for all available follow-up clinical appointments were included, ranging from two to six visits...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541832/design-and-development-of-the-first-exoskeletal-garment-to-enhance-arm-mobility-for-children-with-movement-impairments
#3
Martha L Hall, Michele A Lobo
Children with a variety of diagnoses have impairments that limit their arm function. Despite the fact that arm function is important for early learning and activities of daily living, there are few tools to assist movement for these children, and existing devices have challenges related to cost, accessibility, comfort, and aesthetics. In this article, we describe the design process and development of the first garment-based exoskeleton to assist arm movement in young children with movement impairments: the Playskin Lift(TM)...
May 25, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540435/validation-of-the-child-hcahps-survey-to-measure-pediatric-inpatient-experience-of-care-in-flanders
#4
Luk Bruyneel, Ellen Coeckelberghs, Gunnar Buyse, Kristina Casteels, Barbara Lommers, Jo Vandersmissen, Johan Van Eldere, Chris Van Geet, Kris Vanhaecht
The recently developed Child HCAHPS provides a standard to measure US hospitals' performance on pediatric inpatient experiences of care. We field-tested Child HCAHPS in Belgium to instigate international comparison. In the development stage, forward/backward translation was conducted and patients assessed content validity index as excellent. The draft Flemish Child HCAHPS included 63 items: 38 items for five topics hypothesized to be similar to those proposed in the US (communication with parent, communication with child, attention to safety and comfort, hospital environment, and global rating), 10 screeners, a 14-item demographic and descriptive section, and one open-ended item...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540394/clinical-efficacy-of-a-two-year-oral-health-programme-for-infants-and-toddlers-in-singapore
#5
Bien Lai, Wee Kiat Tan, Qing Shu Lu
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, which is prevalent in Singapore preschoolers, is a disease that has a major impact on children's health and places a high cost on the society and health services. Oral health programmes for young children implemented in several parts of the world have been shown to be effective in the prevention of dental caries. We aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of an oral health programme for infants and toddlers in Singapore. METHODS: 90 children and their caregivers participated in the programme while 64 children who were 24 months older than the intervention group at initial visit were recruited as controls in a quasi-experimental study design...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540265/nonylphenol-in-human-breast-milk-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-variables-diet-obstetrics-histories-and-lifestyle-habits-in-a-turkish-population
#6
Sengul Sise, Cevdet Uguz
BACKGROUND: Human breast milk is the most important food for infants and one of the main roads to exposure to toxic substances. In this study, nonylphenol (NP) levels in human milk samples collected from Turkish mothers (n=100) were determined, and the factors including mothers' demographics, eating habits, obstetric histories, and usage of cleaning and cosmetic products were examined. METHODS: Participants were mothers of randomly selected infants and toddlers from the Primary Health Care Center Number-8 in Afyonkarahisar City in western Turkey...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538220/identification-of-caries-risk-determinants-in-toddlers-results-of-the-gusto-birth-cohort-study
#7
C Un Lam, L W Khin, A C Kalhan, R Yee, Y S Lee, M F-F Chong, K Kwek, S M Saw, K Godfrey, Y S Chong, C-Y Hsu
The aim of this study was to identify risk determinants leading to early childhood caries (ECC) and visible plaque (VP) in toddlers. Data for mother-child pairs participating in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort were collected from pregnancy to toddlerhood. Oral examinations were performed in 543 children during their clinic visit at 24 months to detect ECC and VP. Following logistic regression, ECC and VP were jointly regressed as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, using the bivariate probit model...
May 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536956/improving-functional-language-and-social-motivation-with-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jessica Bradshaw, Lynn Kern Koegel, Robert L Koegel
Recent research suggests that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may now be reliably identified in later infancy, highlighting the need for empirically-validated interventions for infants and toddlers with early symptoms of ASD. Using a multiple baseline design across 15- to 21-month-old toddlers, this study implemented a brief, parent-mediated, Pivotal Response Treatment program, focusing on improving expressive communication. The results indicated that verbal communication improved as a consequence of the intervention, with concomitant improvements in untreated areas for all participants...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536722/apixaban-pharmacodynamic-activity-in-umbilical-cord-paediatric-and-adult-plasma
#9
Robert J Yetman, Yu Chen Barrett, Zhaoqing Wang, Robert Adamczyk, Jessie Wang, Eduardo Ramacciotti, Charles Frost
The objective was to characterise apixaban pharmacodynamic (PD) activity in umbilical cord (UC), paediatric, and adult plasma. Plasma was obtained from blood samples from six UC donors, 70 paediatric (neonates [birth-≤1 month], infants [>1-≤6 months], toddlers [>6 months-≤2 years], young children [>2-≤6 years], children [>6-≤12 years], adolescents [>12-≤18 years]), and six adult (19-45 years) subjects. Plasma spiked with apixaban 0 (baseline), 30, or 110 ng/ml was analysed for anti-factor Xa activity, factor X levels, prothrombin time (PT), and modified PT (mPT)...
May 24, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536205/severe-retinopathy-of-prematurity-predicts-delayed-white-matter-maturation-and-poorer-neurodevelopment
#10
Torin J A Glass, Vann Chau, Jane Gardiner, Justin Foong, Jillian Vinall, Jill G Zwicker, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Kenneth J Poskitt, Steven P Miller
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is associated with (1) abnormal white matter maturation and (2) neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months' corrected age (CA) compared with neonates without severe ROP. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective longitudinal cohort of extremely preterm neonates born 24-28 weeks' gestational age recruited between 2006 and 2013 with brain MRIs obtained both early in life and at term-equivalent age. Severe ROP was defined as ROP treated with retinal laser photocoagulation...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536179/prevalence-of-developmental-venous-anomalies-increases-with-age
#11
Waleed Brinjikji, Ali El-Rida El-Masri, John T Wald, Giuseppe Lanzino
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) may develop in the postnatal period, we studied the age-related prevalence of DVAs on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Reports from a consecutive series of head magnetic resonance images with intravenous contrast performed over a 2-year period at our institution were reviewed. Studies reporting the presence of a DVA were retrieved and reviewed by a neuroradiologist...
May 23, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535257/correlates-of-picky-eating-and-food-neophobia-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Natasha Chong Cole, Ruopeng An, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
Picky eating behavior is prevalent among toddlers and may negatively impact their growth and development. This article summarizes the correlates of picky eating and food neophobia in young children, which were identified using a socio-ecological framework. A literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were English-language peer-reviewed publications that investigated correlate(s) of picky eating or food neophobia in children aged ≤30 months. Correlates were categorized into 4 levels: cell, child, clan (family), and community/country...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526666/a-smart-toy-to-enhance-the-decision-making-process-at-children-s-psychomotor-delay-screenings-a-pilot-study
#13
María Angeles Gutiérrez García, María Luisa Martín Ruiz, Diego Rivera, Laura Vadillo, Miguel Angel Valero Duboy
BACKGROUND: EDUCERE ("Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders") is an ecosystem for ubiquitous detection, care, and early stimulation of children with developmental disorders. The objectives of this Spanish government-funded research and development project are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525835/emerging-and-legacy-flame-retardants-in-uk-human-milk-and-food-suggest-slow-response-to-restrictions-on-use-of-pbdes-and-hbcdd
#14
Fang Tao, Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Danielle C Ashworth, Philippa Douglas, Mireille B Toledano, Stuart Harrad
The legacy flame retardants (LFRs) polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), together with six emerging flame retardants (EFRs) were measured in United Kingdom (UK) human milk collected in 2010 (n=25) and 2014-15 (n=10). These data are the first report of the presence of EFRs in UK human milk. The most abundant EFR was β-tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (DBE-DBCH) (average=2.5ng/g lw; geometric mean=1.5ng/g lw), which is comparable to the concentrations of the most abundant LFRs i...
May 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523738/using-a-group-centered-approach-to-observe-interactions-in-early-childhood-education
#15
Saskia D M van Schaik, Paul P M Leseman, Mariëtte de Haan
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to four-year-old children were observed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Toddler and two new measures. In a two-level structural equation model, teachers' support of group processes was positively related to the CLASS domains and to children's collaborative play, over and above the effect of children's cognitive ability and social competence...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523125/fat-soluble-vitamin-intake-from-the-consumption-of-food-fortified-food-and-supplements-design-and-methods-of-the-belgian-vitadek-study
#16
Isabelle Moyersoen, Stefaan Demarest, Karin De Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, Carl Lachat, John Van Camp
BACKGROUND: The adequacy of micronutrient intake is a public health concern, as both insufficient and excessive intake levels may result in adverse health effects. Data on dietary intake are needed to evaluate potential problems regarding inadequate intake at population level and to formulate effective public health and food safety recommendations. Assessing the intake of micronutrients in population subgroups such as infants, toddlers, pregnant and lactating women is challenging and requires specific approaches...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522659/validation-of-an-mri-brain-injury-and-growth-scoring-system-in-very-preterm-infants-scanned-at-29-to-35-week-postmenstrual-age
#17
J M George, S Fiori, J Fripp, X K Pannek, X J Bursle, X R X Moldrich, X A Guzzetta, X A Coulthard, X R S Ware, X S E Rose, X P B Colditz, X R N Boyd
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic and prognostic potential of brain MR imaging before term-equivalent age is limited until valid MR imaging scoring systems are available. This study aimed to validate an MR imaging scoring system of brain injury and impaired growth for use at 29 to 35 weeks postmenstrual age in infants born at <31 weeks gestational age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three infants in a prospective cohort study underwent early 3T MR imaging between 29 and 35 weeks' postmenstrual age (mean, 32(+2) ± 1(+3) weeks; 49 males, born at median gestation of 28(+4) weeks; range, 23(+6)-30(+6) weeks; mean birthweight, 1068 ± 312 g)...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522099/psychometric-properties-and-dutch-norm-values-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-toddlers
#18
Lindsay Martina Helena Steur, Eva Henriëtte Visser, Martha Alexandra Grootenhuis, Caroline Barbara Terwee, Gerardus Johannes Laurentius Kaspers, Raphaële Reine Lydie van Litsenburg
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) was developed in the USA for children aged 4-10 years. The Dutch CSHQ has been validated for this age group, but not yet for toddlers. Furthermore, Dutch norm values for toddlers are unavailable. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties and collect norm values of the Dutch CSHQ in toddlers. METHODS: Data collection was conducted by Taylor Nelson Sofres Netherlands Institute for Public Opinion (TNS-NIPO), a Dutch market research agency...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514238/the-influence-of-maternal-pragmatics-on-the-language-skills-of-children-with-autism
#19
Yael S Stern, Nell Maltman, Megan Y Roberts
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between mothers' pragmatics and child language in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and non-ASD language delay (LD) mother-child dyads. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 dyads of mothers and their toddlers aged 24 to 48 months, with ASD (n = 10) or non-ASD LD (n = 10). Groups were matched on child chronological age, language, and cognition. Maternal pragmatic language was qualified based on the degree of pragmatic violations during a semistructured interview, and was examined in relation to both child language, as measured by the Preschool Language Scale-4 and maternal use of language facilitation strategies during play...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513136/cold-chain-free-storable-hydrogel-for-infant-friendly-oral-delivery-of-amoxicillin-for-the-treatment-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia
#20
Keming Xu, Liang Li, Mingyue Cui, Yiyuan Han, Huseyin Enis Karahan, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Chenjie Xu
Pneumonia is the major cause of death in children under five, particularly in developing countries. Antibiotics such as amoxicillin greatly help in mitigating this problem. However, there is lack of an infant/toddler-friendly formulation for countries with limited clean water and electricity. Here we report the development of a shear-thinning hydrogel system for the oral delivery of amoxicillin to the infant/toddler patients, without the need of clean water and refrigeration. The hydrogel formulation consists of metolose (hydroxypropyl methylcellulose) and amoxicillin...
May 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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