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Core stability training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914580/early-initiation-of-a-strength-training-based-rehabilitation-after-lumbar-spine-fusion-improves-core-muscle-strength-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Dejan Kernc, Vojko Strojnik, Rok Vengust
BACKGROUND: To analyze the safety and effects of early initiation of rehabilitation including objective measurement outcomes after lumbar spine fusion based on principles of strength training. METHODS: The study recruited 27 patients, aged 45 to 70 years, who had undergone lumbar spine fusion. The method of concealed random allocation without blocking was used to form two groups. The strength training group started rehabilitation 3 weeks after surgery. Patients exercised twice weekly over 9 weeks focusing on muscle activation of lumbopelvic stabilization muscles...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912653/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-senior-mentor-program-on-medical-students-geriatric-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-older-adults
#2
Maria Mendoza De La Garza, Christina Tieu, Darrell Schroeder, Kathleen Lowe, Ericka Tung
Medical schools throughout the country struggle with how best to train students to provide quality, patient-centered care to the burgeoning population of older adults. The Senior Sages Program (SSP) is a longitudinal Senior Mentor Program (SMP) that offers students the opportunity to learn about the aging process and core geriatric medicine concepts through the eyes of an aging expert: their Senior Sage. The SSP marries a robust electronic curriculum with an SMP and online discussion board. The aim of this program evaluation was to measure the impact on students' geriatric knowledge and attitudes toward older adults...
June 18, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889057/effects-of-assisted-sit-up-exercise-compared-to-core-stabilization-exercise-on-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Cho-Rong Bae, Yan Jin, Bum-Chul Yoon, Nack-Hwan Kim, Kun-Woo Park, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Traditional sit-up exercise is a simple method to strengthen core muscles. However, it can increase the potential of lumbar spine injury during the bending process. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of assisted sit-up exercise (SUE) using a new training device, HubEX-LEX, on strengthening core muscles and improving non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) compared to conventional core stabilization exercise (CSE). METHODS: Subjects with chronic NSLBP were randomly divided into two groups: SUE (n= 18) or CSE (n= 18)...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779723/checking-the-potential-shift-to-perceived-usefulness-the-analysis-of-users-response-to-the-updated-electronic-health-record-core-features
#4
Petar Rajković, Dejan Aleksić, Dragan Janković, Aleksandar Milenković, Ivan Petković
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this paper is to identify the main factors which have an impact on the users' attitude towards the functionalities representing the perceived ease of use and to those representing the perceived usefulness. Another objective is to examine whether there occurred a shift towards the perceived usefulness of users' behavior over a period of time. To support these objectives, two different cases are examined - the case in which users are simultaneously offered basic and updated functionalities, and the one in which users are offered a completely new set of features...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744627/vocational-rehabilitation-of-young-adults-with-psychological-disabilities
#5
Silke Tophoven, Nancy Reims, Anita Tisch
Objective Vocational rehabilitation measures support youth and young adults with disabilities to obtain vocational training and to enter the labor market. In Germany, a growing number of young people with psychological disabilities in vocational rehabilitation can be observed. The study at hand focuses on this group and examines their (un-)unemployment biographies before vocational rehabilitation, their access to vocational rehabilitation and identifies their individual challenges within the process of vocational rehabilitation...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718131/retraining-speech-production-and-fluency-in-non-fluent-agrammatic-primary-progressive-aphasia
#6
Maya L Henry, H Isabel Hubbard, Stephanie M Grasso, Maria Luisa Mandelli, Stephen M Wilson, Mithra T Sathishkumar, Julius Fridriksson, Wylin Daigle, Adam L Boxer, Bruce L Miller, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
The non-fluent/agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA) presents with a gradual decline in grammar and motor speech resulting from selective degeneration of speech-language regions in the brain. There has been considerable progress in identifying treatment approaches to remediate language deficits in other primary progressive aphasia variants; however, interventions for the core deficits in nfvPPA have yet to be systematically investigated. Further, the neural mechanisms that support behavioural restitution in the context of neurodegeneration are not well understood...
April 30, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706723/electromyographic-activity-of-selected-trunk-core-and-thigh-muscles-in-commonly-used-exercises-for-acl-rehabilitation
#7
Omid A Khaiyat, Jessica Norris
[Purpose] Most of rehabilitation programmes for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury focus on quadriceps-hamstrings activation imbalances and less is known about kinetically linked muscles. This study investigated electromyographic activity of selected trunk, core, and thigh muscles during common rehabilitation exercises for ACL injury. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve active female volunteers participated in this cross-sectional laboratory study. Surface EMG was used to compare activation of eight trunk, hip/core, and lower limb muscles: Erector Spinae (ES), Rectus Abdominis (RA), Gluteus Maximus (GM), Vastus Lateralis (VL), Rectus Femoris (RF), Vastus Medialis (VM), Biceps Femoris (BF), and Semitendinosus (ST) during Forward Lunge, Double Leg Raise, Glute Bridge, Sit-Up, and Squat...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694452/current-perspectives-on-transport-medicine-in-pediatric-hospital-medicine-fellowships
#8
Mark H Corden, Thanh Huynh, Purnima Mandal, Sanjay Chand, Jennifer Maniscalco
Transport medicine (TM) is a Pediatric Hospital Medicine (PHM) Core Competency and part of the proposed PHM fellowship curricular framework. No published TM curricula are available. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine attitudes toward TM training among PHM fellowship stakeholders and conduct a TM curriculum needs assessment. Unique, web-based, anonymous surveys for PHM fellows, graduates, and program directors (PDs) were administered, with response rates of 57%, 37%, and 44%, respectively. Fellows' interest in completing a TM rotation is greater than their perceived interest by PDs (P = ...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679206/injury-prevention-and-return-to-play-strategies-in-elite-football-no-consent-between-players-and-team-coaches
#9
Oliver Loose, Leonard Achenbach, Birgit Fellner, Jennifer Lehmann, Petra Jansen, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are a common problem in football. To improve prevention strategies, the players' (p) and coaches' (c) views need to be disclosed as they have a strong impact on return to play decisions. The aim of this study is to reveal current opinions with regard to injury prevention and return to play strategies to introduce new strategies in elite football. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective data analysis of elite salaried football players (n = 486) and team coaches (n = 88), a detailed investigation by means of a standardized questionnaire was carried out...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599856/influence-of-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-approach-on-maximum-kayak-paddling-force
#10
Pavel Davidek, Ross Andel, Alena Kobesova
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) exercise on maximum paddling force (PF) and self-reported pain perception in the shoulder girdle area in flatwater kayakers. Twenty male flatwater kayakers from a local club (age = 21.9 ± 2.4 years, body height = 185.1 ± 7.9 cm, body mass = 83.9 ± 9.1 kg) were randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups. During the 6-week study, subjects from both groups performed standard off-season training. Additionally, the intervention group engaged in a DNS-based core stabilization exercise program (quadruped exercise, side sitting exercise, sitting exercise and squat exercise) after each standard training session...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476713/best-core-stabilization-for-anticipatory-postural-adjustment-and-falls-in-hemiparetic-stroke
#11
Nam G Lee, Joshua Sung H You, Chung H Yi, Hye S Jeon, Bong S Choi, Dong R Lee, Jae M Park, Tae H Lee, In T Ryu, Hyun S Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of conventional core stabilization and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) on anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) time, balance performance, and fear of falls in chronic hemiparetic stroke. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. SETTING: Hospital rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with chronic hemiparetic stroke (N=28). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly divided into either conventional core stabilization (n=14) or DNS (n=14) groups...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455501/-case-control-study-on-the-effect-of-core-strength-training-on-the-function-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Bin Wu, Song Zheng, Zhen-Hai Cai, Yue-Li Wang, Ming Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of core strength training on knee joint function and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A total of 80 ACLR patients were randomly allocated into conventional rehabilitation training group and core strength training group from May 2013 to May 2015 with 40 patients in each group. The patients in conventional rehabilitation training group underwent conventional ACLR rehabilitation training, in which 28 males and 12 females...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405798/the-effect-of-core-stability-training-on-functional-movement-patterns-in-collegiate-athletes
#13
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401197/effects-of-an-8-week-body-weight-neuromuscular-training-on-dynamic-balance-and-vertical-jump-performances-in-elite-junior-skiing-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jacopo A Vitale, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi, Matteo Bonato
Vitale, JA, La Torre, A, Banfi, G, and Bonato, M. Effects of an 8-week body-weight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance and vertical jump performances in elite junior skiing athletes: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 911-920, 2018-The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386989/cadaveric-surgery-in-core-gynaecology-training-a-feasibility-study
#15
Chou Phay Lim, Mark Roberts, Tony Chalhoub, Jason Waugh, Laura Delegate
Background: Fresh frozen cadaver training has been proposed as a better model than virtual reality simulators in laparoscopy training. We aimed to explore the relationship between cadaveric surgical training and increased surgical confidence.To determine feasibility, we devised two 1-day cadaveric surgical training days targeted at trainees in obstetrics and gynaecology. Seven defined surgical skills were covered during the course of the day. The relationship between surgical training and surgical confidence was explored using both quantitative (confidence scores) and qualitative tools (questionnaires)...
2018: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364062/water-filled-training-tubes-increase-core-muscle-activation-and-somatosensory-control-of-balance-during-squat
#16
Massimiliano Ditroilo, Rory O'Sullivan, Brian Harnan, Aislinn Crossey, Beth Gillmor, William Dardis, Adam Grainger
This study examined trunk muscle activation, balance and proprioception while squatting with a water-filled training tube (WT) and a traditional barbell (BB), with either closed (CE) or open eyes (OE). Eighteen male elite Gaelic footballers performed an isometric squat under the following conditions: BB-OE, BB-CE, WT-OE and WT-CE. The activity of rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO) and multifidus (MF) was measured using electromyography, along with sway of the centre of pressure (CoP) using a force platform...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#18
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219896/an-analysis-of-training-loads-in-elite-under-18-australian-rule-football-players
#19
Emily E Cust, Nathan Elsworthy, Sam Robertson
Differences in training loads (TL) between under 18 (U18) Australian Rules football (AF) State Academy selected and non-selected players were investigated. Players were categorised relating to their highest representative level; State Academy selected (n = 9) and TAC Cup level players (n = 38). Data were obtained from an online training-monitoring tool implemented to collect player training and match information across a 20 - week period during the regular season. Parameters modelled included AF skills, strength, and other sport training sessions...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177031/a-protocol-for-clinical-trial-study-of-the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercises-on-spine-kinematics-during-gait-with-and-without-load-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Background: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) is a major public health and global socioeconomic burden with a variety of symptoms such as gait abnormality. Trunk stiffness and deep trunk muscles dysfunction known as guarding mechanism in gait are factors leading to abnormal movement pattern of the spine. Anterior load carriage task during gait is also challenged the trunk stability and its movement pattern. It will be therefore of interest to examine the effect of a Core Stabilization Training Program (CSTP) on the trunk and pelvis kinematics including variability and peak displacement during gait with and without load in NCLBP patients...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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