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Core stability training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893484/effects-of-pelvic-and-core-strength-training-on-high-school-cross-country-race-times
#1
Anne W Clark, Maggie K Goedeke, Rina Namvong, Derek E Rockwell, Bryan Jason Lehecka, Robert C Manske, Barbara S Smith
Effects of pelvic and core strength training on high school cross-country race times: A randomized control trial.There is only limited research examining the effect of pelvic and core strength training on running performance. Pelvic and core muscle fatigue is believed to contribute to excess motion along frontal and transverse planes which decreases efficiency in normal sagittal plane running motions. The purpose of this study was to determine if adding a six week pelvic and core strengthening program resulted in decreased race times in high school cross-country runners...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#2
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856021/interdisciplinary-development-of-an-improved-emergency-department-procedural-work-surface-through-iterative-design-and-use-testing-in-simulated-and-clinical-environments
#3
Xiao C Zhang, Ana M Bermudez, Pranav M Reddy, Ravi R Sarpatwari, Darin B Chheng, Taylor J Mezoian, Victoria R Schwartz, Quinneil J Simmons, Gregory D Jay, Leo Kobayashi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A stable and readily accessible work surface for bedside medical procedures represents a valuable tool for acute care providers. In emergency department (ED) settings, the design and implementation of traditional Mayo stands and related surface devices often limit their availability, portability, and usability, which can lead to suboptimal clinical practice conditions that may affect the safe and effective performance of medical procedures and delivery of patient care...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849497/effect-of-lumbar-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-lumbar-muscular-strength-and-core-muscular-endurance-in-soldiers
#4
John M Mayer, John D Childs, Brett D Neilson, Henian Chen, Shane L Koppenhaver, William S Quillen
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is common, costly, and disabling for active duty military personnel and veterans. The evidence is unclear on which management approaches are most effective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar extensor high-intensity progressive resistance exercise (HIPRE) training versus control on improving lumbar extension muscular strength and core muscular endurance in soldiers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with active duty U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831746/the-interrelationship-of-common-clinical-movement-screens-establishing-population-specific-norms-in-a-large-cohort-of-military-applicants
#5
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Anthony I Beutler, Patricia Deuster
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a leading cause of missed duty time and morbidity in the military. Modifiable risk factors for MSK-Is, such as inadequate core stability, poor movement patterns, and dynamic balance deficits, have not been identified in military applicants on entering service. OBJECTIVE:  To establish normative functional movement data using a series of screens in military applicants entering basic training and explore relationships among several movement tests...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821673/effect-of-core-stability-training-on-trunk-function-standing-balance-and-mobility-in-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Koshiro Haruyama, Michiyuki Kawakami, Tomoyoshi Otsuka
Background Trunk function is important for standing balance, mobility, and functional outcome after stroke, but few studies have evaluated the effects of exercises aimed at improving core stability in stroke patients. Objective To investigate the effectiveness of core stability training on trunk function, standing balance, and mobility in stroke patients. Methods An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial was undertaken in a stroke rehabilitation ward, with 32 participants randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group (n = 16 each)...
November 7, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803206/effect-of-a-person-centered-course-on-the-empathic-ability-of-dental-students
#7
Julien Rosenzweig, Alessandra Blaizot, Nancie Cougot, Estelle Pegon-Machat, Olivier Hamel, Nareg Apelian, Christophe Bedos, Maria-Teresa Munoz-Sastre, Jean-Noel Vergnes
Person-centered or patient-centered care (PCC) focuses on the individual's needs and concerns. Although PCC is widely acknowledged as a core value of modern medicine, there has been a lack of research on how dental curricula could engage future dentists in PCC approaches. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a PCC course on empathy in dental students. A controlled study was conducted with fourth-year dental students in four dental faculties in France in 2014-15. The test group (n=63) received 20 hours of PCC training including arts-based approaches, narrative dentistry activities, and workshops on communication based on the Calgary-Cambridge guide...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792221/successful-treatment-of-groin-pain-syndrome-in-a-pole-vault-athlete-with-core-stability-exercise-a-case-report
#8
Antonio Dello Iacono, Nicola Maffulli, Lior Laver, Johnny Padulo
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787465/influence-of-scapular-position-on-the-core-musculature-activation-in-the-prone-plank-exercise
#9
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Miguel García-Jaén, Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Ángel G Lucas-Cuevas, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
Prone plank is a widely used exercise in core stability training. Research has shown that pelvic tilt plays an important role on the electromyographical (EMG) activation of core musculature. However, the influence of scapular position on EMG activation is currently unknown. Therefore, this study evaluated the influence of scapular position on the core muscles during a prone plank. Surface electromyography of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) and erector spinae (ES) was collected in fifteen participants (10 men, 5 women)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782723/automatic-multiorgan-segmentation-in-ct-images-of-the-male-pelvis-using-region-specific-hierarchical-appearance-cluster-models
#10
Dengwang Li, Pengxiao Zang, Xiangfei Chai, Yi Cui, Ruijiang Li, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: Accurate segmentation of pelvic organs in CT images is of great importance in external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer. The aim of this studying is to develop a novel method for automatic, multiorgan segmentation of the male pelvis. METHODS: The authors' segmentation method consists of several stages. First, a pretreatment includes parameterization, principal component analysis (PCA), and an established process of region-specific hierarchical appearance cluster (RSHAC) model which was executed on the training dataset...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635243/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-diagnosing-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#11
REVIEW
Slim Fourati, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects approximately 240 million individuals worldwide. Recent advances in the virology, immunopathogenesis, and diagnosis of HBV infection are summarized in this review article. The identification of a hepatocyte-specific cellular receptor for HBV, the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP), made it possible to develop reliable cell culture systems and better understand the early steps of the viral lifecycle. Viral and host factors involved in covalently closed circular DNA synthesis, stability, and transcriptional regulation have also been identified and provide potential targets for new drugs...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625122/the-effectiveness-of-core-stabilization-exercise-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Gözde Gür, Cigdem Ayhan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization training is used to improve postural balance in musculoskeletal problems. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of stabilization training in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, pretest-posttest design. METHODS: In total, 25 subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomly divided into two groups: stabilization group (n = 12) and control group (n = 13)...
September 13, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475953/core-stability-in-athletes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-guidelines
#13
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406930/comorbidity-action-in-the-north-a-study-of-services-for-people-with-comorbid-mental-health-and-drug-and-alcohol-disorders-in-the-northern-suburbs-of-adelaide
#14
Dennis Liu, Charlotte de Crespigny, Nicholas Procter, Janet Kelly, Hepsibah Francis, Miriam Posselt, Imelda Cairney, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVE: This study identified barriers to and facilitators of mental health (MH) and alcohol and drug (AOD) comorbidity services, in order to drive service improvement. METHOD: Participatory action research enabled strong engagement with community services, including Aboriginal and refugee groups. Surveys, interviews and consultations were undertaken with clinicians and managers of MH, AOD and support services, consumers, families, community advocates and key service providers...
July 12, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395448/sports-related-testing-protocols-are-required-to-reveal-trunk-stability-adaptations-in-high-level-athletes
#15
David Barbado, Luis C Barbado, Jose L L Elvira, Jaap H van Dieën, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
Trunk/core stability is considered a key component of training programs, because it could contribute to prevention of low-back and lower-limb injuries and to sports performance. Based on the specificity principle, sports-related trunk stability tests would be required in elite sports performance. However, there may be some generic qualities underlying trunk stability that can be assessed with nonspecific protocols, which are broadly used in sport and rehabilitation. To assess whether specific tests are needed in a high-performance context, we analyzed the influence of specialization in sports with large but qualitatively different balance control demands (judo and kayaking) on trunk stability and compared high-performance athletes with recreational athletes without a specific training history...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253335/the-effect-of-core-stability-and-general-exercise-on-abdominal-muscle-thickness-in-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-using-ultrasound-imaging
#16
MohammadBagher Shamsi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Aliashraf Jamshidi, Vida Zarabi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi
BACKGROUND: There is a controversy regarding whether core stability exercise (CSE) is more effective than general exercise (GE) for chronic LBP. To compare different exercises regarding their effect on improving back strength and stability, performance of abdominal muscles is a useful index. Ultrasound imaging for measuring muscle thickness could be used to assess muscle performance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare CSE and GE in chronic LBP using ultrasound imaging for measurement of thickness of the deep stabilizing and main global trunk muscles in non-specific chronic LBP...
May 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250211/effects-of-isha-hatha-yoga-on-core-stability-and-standing-balance
#17
Sendhil Kumar, Shyam Prasad, Bhavani Balakrishnan, Karunambigai Muthukumaraswamy, Mohan Ganesan
Context • Isha Hatha yoga is a form of yoga practice that practitioners claim can improve health. Gaining a scientific understanding of its effects on health is a crucial step in claiming health benefits. Objective • The study intended to investigate the effects of Isha Hatha yoga on core stability and standing balance in healthy volunteers. Design • The research team designed a quasiexperimental study. Setting • The setting was at Isha Yoga Center at Isha Foundation in Coimbatore, India. Participants • Participants were individuals registered for a residential program providing training in Isha Hatha yoga at the Isha Yoga Center...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246357/running-exercise-and-angiotensin-ii-type-i-receptor-blocker-telmisartan-are-equally-effective-in-preventing-angiotensin-ii-mediated-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-lesions
#18
Maxime Pellegrin, Justyna Szostak, Karima Bouzourène, Jean-François Aubert, Alain Berthelot, Jürg Nussberger, Pascal Laurant, Lucia Mazzolai
INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to directly compare the efficacy of running exercise and telmisartan treatment on angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with Ang II-mediated atherosclerosis (2-kidney, 1-clip [2K1C] renovascular hypertension model) were randomized into 3 groups: treadmill running exercise (RUN), telmisartan treatment (TEL), and sedentary untreated controls (SED) for 5 weeks...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191692/electromyographical-comparison-of-pike-variations-performed-with-and-without-instability-devices
#19
Ronald L Snarr, Ashleigh V Hallmark, Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco
Snarr, RL, Hallmark, AV, Nickerson, BS, and Esco, MR. Electromyographical comparison of pike variations performed with and without instability devices. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3436-3442, 2016-Instability devices are primarily used with the intent of increasing the intensity of traditional exercises by providing further muscular demands of the abdominal wall by decreasing stability. Although there are multiple studies examining these devices, most often they only compare one such device to a stable movement and overlook the comparison among multiple devices...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168558/effectiveness-of-an-injury-prevention-warm-up-for-unit-physical-training-a-case-series-of-two-flying-squadrons
#20
Joshua D Shumway, Danielle N Anderson, Brett Bishop
Injury prevention has been assessed and studied in professional and collegiate athletic populations, but application to the military setting has been limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an injury prevention warm-up in two flying squadrons. At the commanders' request, two Air Force flying squadrons (276 individuals) were provided an injury prevention warm-up of evidence-based exercises, which focused on functional range of motion and dynamic core stability. The routine was performed before unit physical training twice a week...
May 2016: Military Medicine
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