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Core stability training

Slim Fourati, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects approximately 240 million individuals worldwide. Recent advances in the virology, immunopathogenesis, and diagnosis of HBV infection are summarized in this review article. The identification of a hepatocyte-specific cellular receptor for HBV, the sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP), made it possible to develop reliable cell culture systems and better understand the early steps of the viral lifecycle. Viral and host factors involved in covalently closed circular DNA synthesis, stability, and transcriptional regulation have also been identified and provide potential targets for new drugs...
2016: F1000Research
Gözde Gür, Cigdem Ayhan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization training is used to improve postural balance in musculoskeletal problems. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of stabilization training in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, pretest-posttest design. METHODS: In total, 25 subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomly divided into two groups: stabilization group (n = 12) and control group (n = 13)...
September 13, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
Dennis Liu, Charlotte de Crespigny, Nicholas Procter, Janet Kelly, Hepsibah Francis, Miriam Posselt, Imelda Cairney, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVE: This study identified barriers to and facilitators of mental health (MH) and alcohol and drug (AOD) comorbidity services, in order to drive service improvement. METHOD: Participatory action research enabled strong engagement with community services, including Aboriginal and refugee groups. Surveys, interviews and consultations were undertaken with clinicians and managers of MH, AOD and support services, consumers, families, community advocates and key service providers...
July 12, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
David Barbado, Luis C Barbado, Jose L L Elvira, Jaap H van Dieën, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
Trunk/core stability is considered a key component of training programs, because it could contribute to prevention of low-back and lower-limb injuries and to sports performance. Based on the specificity principle, sports-related trunk stability tests would be required in elite sports performance. However, there may be some generic qualities underlying trunk stability that can be assessed with nonspecific protocols, which are broadly used in sport and rehabilitation. To assess whether specific tests are needed in a high-performance context, we analyzed the influence of specialization in sports with large but qualitatively different balance control demands (judo and kayaking) on trunk stability and compared high-performance athletes with recreational athletes without a specific training history...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
MohammadBagher Shamsi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Aliashraf Jamshidi, Vida Zarabi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi
BACKGROUND: There is a controversy regarding whether core stability exercise (CSE) is more effective than general exercise (GE) for chronic LBP. To compare different exercises regarding their effect on improving back strength and stability, performance of abdominal muscles is a useful index. Ultrasound imaging for measuring muscle thickness could be used to assess muscle performance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare CSE and GE in chronic LBP using ultrasound imaging for measurement of thickness of the deep stabilizing and main global trunk muscles in non-specific chronic LBP...
May 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Sendhil Kumar, Shyam Prasad, Bhavani Balakrishnan, Karunambigai Muthukumaraswamy, Mohan Ganesan
Context • Isha Hatha yoga is a form of yoga practice that practitioners claim can improve health. Gaining a scientific understanding of its effects on health is a crucial step in claiming health benefits. Objective • The study intended to investigate the effects of Isha Hatha yoga on core stability and standing balance in healthy volunteers. Design • The research team designed a quasiexperimental study. Setting • The setting was at Isha Yoga Center at Isha Foundation in Coimbatore, India. Participants • Participants were individuals registered for a residential program providing training in Isha Hatha yoga at the Isha Yoga Center...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Maxime Pellegrin, Justyna Szostak, Karima Bouzourène, Jean-François Aubert, Alain Berthelot, Jürg Nussberger, Pascal Laurant, Lucia Mazzolai
INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to directly compare the efficacy of running exercise and telmisartan treatment on angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with Ang II-mediated atherosclerosis (2-kidney, 1-clip [2K1C] renovascular hypertension model) were randomized into 3 groups: treadmill running exercise (RUN), telmisartan treatment (TEL), and sedentary untreated controls (SED) for 5 weeks...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Ronald L Snarr, Ashleigh V Hallmark, Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco
: Instability devices are primarily used with the intent of increasing the intensity of traditional exercises by providing further muscular demands of the abdominal wall by decreasing stability. While there are multiple studies examining these devices, most often they only compare one such device to a stable movement and overlook the comparison among multiple devices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the electromyographical differences of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), erector spinae (LSES), and rectus femoris (RF) during pike variations performed on various surfaces...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Joshua D Shumway, Danielle N Anderson, Brett Bishop
Injury prevention has been assessed and studied in professional and collegiate athletic populations, but application to the military setting has been limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an injury prevention warm-up in two flying squadrons. At the commanders' request, two Air Force flying squadrons (276 individuals) were provided an injury prevention warm-up of evidence-based exercises, which focused on functional range of motion and dynamic core stability. The routine was performed before unit physical training twice a week...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Amalia Tinto, Marta Campanella, Milena Fasano
BACKGROUND: Developing muscle strength and full body stability is essential for the efficient execution of technical moves in synchronised swimming.[1] However, many swimmers find it difficult to control body stability while executing particular figures in water. We evaluated the effects of TRX® suspension training (2 sessions weekly for 6 months on core strength and core stability in young female. METHODS: Twenty synchronised swimmers (Beginners A category, mean age 10±1 years) are divided in Experimental Group (EG; n° 10 athletes) and Control Group (CG; n° 10 athletes)...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Sarah W Whitton, Eliza M Weitbrecht, Amanda D Kuryluk, David W Hutsell
Relationship education, effective in improving relationship quality among different-sex couples, represents a promising and nonstigmatizing approach to promoting the health and stability of same-sex couples. A new culturally sensitive relationship education program was developed specifically for male same-sex couples, which includes adaptations of evidence-based strategies to build core relationship skills (e.g., communication skills training) and newly developed content to address unique challenges faced by this group (e...
September 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Themis M Cardinot, Thais M Lima, Ana I S Moretti, Marcia K Koike, Valeria S Nunes, Patricia M Cazita, Marta H Krieger, Patricia C Brum, Heraldo P Souza
UNLABELLED: The mechanisms by which exercise affects atherosclerotic plaque stability remain incompletely understood. We evaluated the effects of two training protocols on both atherosclerotic plaque structure and the signaling pathways involved in plaque rupture. METHODS: Male low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor knockout mice were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFD). One group was subjected to moderate exercise using a treadmill for 14weeks (preventive protocol)...
May 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Aatit Paungmali, Leonard Joseph Henry, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of lumbopelvic stabilization training on tissue blood flow changes in the lumbopelvic region and lumbopelvic stability compared to placebo treatment and controlled intervention among patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 25 participants (7 males, 18 females; mean age, 33.3 ± 14.4 years) participated in this within-subject, repeated-measures, double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison trial. The participants randomly underwent three types of interventions that included lumbopelvic stabilization training, placebo treatment, and controlled intervention with 48 hours between sessions...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Wontae Gong
BACKGROUND: Based on previous studies indicating that core stabilization exercises accompanied by abdominal drawing-in maneuvers increase the thickness of the transversus abdominis muscle. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the measurements of abdominal muscle thicknesses during running in place in a limited area with the abdominal drawing-in maneuver. METHODS: The study classified the subjects into two experimental groups: the training group (M = 2, F = 13), and the control group (M = 2, F = 13)...
March 4, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hilary M Clayton
The central body axis or core is a key component in controlling body posture and providing a stable platform for limb movements and generation of locomotor forces. Persistent dysfunction of the deep stabilizing muscles seems to be common in horses indicating a need for core training exercises to restore normal function. Core training should be performed throughout the horse's athletic career to maintain a healthy back and used therapeutically when back pain is identified. This article reviews the structure and function of the equine thoracolumbar spine with special reference to function, dysfunction, conditioning, and rehabilitation of the core musculature...
April 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Stephen C Glass, Taylor W Blanchette, Lauren A Karwan, Spencer S Pearson, Allison P O'Neil, Dustin A Karlik
The purpose of this study was to assess compensatory muscle activation created during a bicep curl using a water-filled, unstable lifting tube. Ten men (age= 21+ 1.6y, ht=180.0 + 3.3cm, mass= 87.4 + 15.0kg) and ten women (age= 19.6+ 1.3y, ht=161.4 + 12.0cm, mass= 61.2 + 7.4kg) completed bicep curls using an 11.4 kg tube partially filled with water during a 50% open valve, 100% open, and control setting. Subjects completed 8 repetitions within each condition with IEMG (converted to %MVC) of the bicep, deltoid, rectus abdominus and paraspinal muscles measured...
March 12, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jun J Pan, Woojin Ahn, Saurabh Dargar, Tansel Halic, Bai C Li, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Kurt Roberts, Steven Schwaitzberg, Suvranu De
BACKGROUND: Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) provides an emerging surgical technique which usually needs a long learning curve for surgeons. Virtual reality (VR) medical simulators with vision and haptic feedback can usually offer an efficient and cost-effective alternative without risk to the traditional training approaches. Under this motivation, we developed the first virtual reality simulator for transvaginal cholecystectomy in NOTES (VTEST™). METHODS: This VR-based surgical simulator aims to simulate the hybrid NOTES of cholecystectomy...
April 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Esther E Fox, Alan D Hough, Siobhan Creanor, Margaret Gear, Jennifer A Freeman
BACKGROUND: Pilates exercise is often undertaken by people with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have balance and mobility difficulties. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the study was to compare the effects of 12 weeks of Pilates exercises with relaxation on balance and mobility. Secondary aims were: (1) to compare standardized exercises with relaxation and (2) to compare Pilates exercises with standardized exercises. METHODS: A multicenter, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted...
August 2016: Physical Therapy
Gregory S Anderson, Fabio Deluigi, Guido Belli, Claudio Tentoni, Michael B Gaetz
This study examined improvements in static balance and muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity following a four week progressive training program in 16 middle aged females (mean age = 46.9 ± 8.7 yrs; height 161.1 ± 6.0 cm; weight 65.4 ± 11.2 kg). Participants trained 3 times per week for 4 weeks, for 50 min per session, progressing base of support, stability, vision, resistance and torque in each of six basic exercises. Pre and post training measures of balance included feet together standing, a tandem stance and a one-leg stand (unsupported leg in the saggital plane) performed with the eyes closed, and a Stork Stand (unsupported leg in the frontal plane) with both eyes open and closed...
January 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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