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Core stability training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#1
Ric Lovell, Michael Knox, Matthew Weston, Jason C Siegler, Scott Brennan, Paul W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into 3 groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) bi-weekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515971/prediction-of-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-performance-from-lower-extremity-range-of-motion-and-core-tests
#2
Nicole J Chimera, Shelby Knoeller, Ron Cooper, Nicholas Kothe, Craig Smith, Meghan Warren
BACKGROUND: There are varied reports in the literature regarding the association of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) with injury. The FMS™ has been correlated with hamstring range of motion and plank hold times; however, limited research is available on the predictability of lower extremity range of motion (ROM) and core function on FMS™ performance. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether active lower extremity ROM measurements and core functional tests predict FMS™ performance...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498224/core-training-in-low-back-disorders-role-of-the-pilates-method
#3
Andrew A Joyce, Dana H Kotler
The Pilates method is a system of exercises developed by Joseph Pilates, which emphasizes recruitment and strengthening of the core muscles, flexibility, and breathing, to promote stability and control of movement. Its focus bears similarity to current evidence-based exercise programs for low back disorders. Spinal stability is a function of three interdependent systems, osseoligamentous, muscular, and neural control; exercise addresses both the muscular and neural function. The "core" typically refers to the muscular control required to maintain functional stability...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474988/premedication-with-fentanyl-midazolam-improves-sevoflurane-anesthesia-for-surgical-intervention-in-laboratory-mice
#4
Miriam Lipiski, Margarete Arras, Paulin Jirkof, Nikola Cesarovic
Balanced anesthesia allows for a reduced dosage of each component, while inducing general anesthesia of sufficient depth with potentially fewer side effects. Here, we compare two anesthetic protocols combining sevoflurane anesthesia with pre-medication (ketamine [K] or fentanyl-midazolam [FM]) to a sevoflurane monoanesthesia (S) concerning their ability to provide reliable anesthesia suitable for moderate surgery in laboratory mice. Twenty-one female C57BL/6J mice assigned randomly to one of three protocols underwent a 50-min anesthesia and a sham embryo transfer...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469756/effect-of-core-training-on-male-handball-players-throwing-velocity
#5
Carmen Manchado, José García-Ruiz, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
In handball, throwing velocity is considered to be one of the essential factors in achieving the ultimate aim of scoring a goal. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of a core training program on throwing velocity in 30 handball players (age 18.7 ± 3.4 years, body height 179.3 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 78.9 ± 7.7 kg), 16 of whom were in the junior category and 14 of whom were in the senior category. The 30 players were randomly divided into two groups, the control group (n = 15) and the experimental group (n = 15)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#6
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425221/conceptualizing-movement-by-expert-bobath-instructors-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#8
Julie Vaughan-Graham, Kara Patterson, Karl Zabjek, Cheryl A Cott
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Movement, a core aspect of physiotherapy practice, and integral to the clinical reasoning process has undergone limited theoretical development. Instead, research has focused on intervention effectiveness embedded within the positivist paradigm. The purpose of this study was to explore how expert neurorehabilitation therapists conceptualize movement as part of their clinical reasoning. METHOD: A qualitative interpretive descriptive approach consisting of stimulated recall using video-recorded treatment sessions and in-depth interviews was used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395386/-effects-of-core-stability-training-on-masters-swimmers
#9
Margarete Esser
Background Back pain is a frequent problem for swimmers, especially for Masters swimmers. The cause seems to be insufficient core stability. Objective The goal of this study is to investigate whether specific core musculature training has a positive influence on low back pain and swimmers' perceived performance. Method Two groups (Masters swimmers and a control group) performed a guided 8-week training program. Changes in the core musculature were documented via tests carried out before and after the training program...
April 10, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351168/long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-additional-core-stability-exercises-training-for-improving-dynamic-sitting-balance-and-trunk-control-in-stroke-patients
#10
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Fernanda Mª Caballero-Gómez, Helena du Port de Pontcharra-Serra, Ana German-Romero, Gerard Urrútia
OBJECTIVE: Analyse the effect of core stability exercises in addition to conventional physiotherapy training three months after the intervention ended. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient services. SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine stroke survivors. INTERVENTIONS: In the intervention period, both groups underwent conventional physiotherapy performed five days/week for five weeks, and in addition the experimental group performed core stability exercises for 15 minutes/day...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267310/computational-prediction-and-design-for-creating-iteratively-larger-heterospecific-coiled-coil-sets
#11
Richard O Crooks, Alexander Lathbridge, Anna S Panek, Jody M Mason
A major biochemical goal is the ability to mimic nature in engineering highly specific protein-protein interactions (PPIs). We previously devised a computational interactome screen to identify eight peptides that form four heterospecific dimers despite 32 potential off-targets. To expand the speed and utility of our approach and the PPI toolkit, we have developed new software to derive much larger heterospecific sets (≥24 peptides) while directing against antiparallel off-targets. It works by predicting Tm values for every dimer on the basis of core, electrostatic, and helical propensity components...
March 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217414/dance-balance-and-core-muscle-performance-measures-are-improved-following-a-9-week-core-stabilization-training-program-among-competitive-collegiate-dancers
#12
Todd Watson, Jessica Graning, Sue McPherson, Elizabeth Carter, Joshuah Edwards, Isaac Melcher, Taylor Burgess
BACKGROUND: Dance performance requires not only lower extremity muscle strength and endurance, but also sufficient core stabilization during dynamic dance movements. While previous studies have identified a link between core muscle performance and lower extremity injury risk, what has not been determined is if an extended core stabilization training program will improve specific measures of dance performance. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: This study examined the impact of a nine-week core stabilization program on indices of dance performance, balance measures, and core muscle performance in competitive collegiate dancers...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#13
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119826/effects-of-3-dimensional-lumbar-stabilization-training-for-balance-in-chronic-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jin-Young Chun, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Sung-Hee Park, Yu Hui Won, Gi-Wook Kim, Sung-Jun Moon, Myoung-Hwan Ko
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system on the balance and gait abilities of hemiplegic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight hemiplegic patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=14) or control group (n=14). The experimental and control groups performed balance training by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Biodex Balance System 30 minutes per day, three times a week for 7 weeks...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110807/treatment-options-for-patellar-tendinopathy-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Joshua S Everhart, Devon Cole, John H Sojka, John D Higgins, Robert A Magnussen, Laura C Schmitt, David C Flanigan
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of common invasive and noninvasive patellar tendinopathy (PT) treatment strategies. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, UptoDate, Cochrane Reviews, and SPORTDiscus. Fifteen studies met the following inclusion criteria: (1) therapeutic outcome trial for PT, and (2) Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment was used to assess symptom severity at follow-up. Methodological quality and reporting bias were evaluated with a modified Coleman score and Begg's and Egger's tests of bias, respectively...
April 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042685/lumbopelvic-core-stabilization-exercise-and-pain-modulation-among-individuals-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#16
Aatit Paungmali, Leonard H Joseph, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Lumbopelvic stabilization training (LPST) may provide therapeutic benefits on pain modulation in chronic nonspecific low back pain conditions. This study aimed to examine the effects of LPST on pain threshold and pain intensity in comparison with the passive automated cycling intervention and control intervention among patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: A within-subject, repeated-measures, crossover randomized controlled design was conducted among 25 participants (7 males and 18 females) with chronic nonspecific low back pain...
January 2, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004526/exercise-therapy-in-oncology-rehabilitation-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Amy M Dennett, Casey L Peiris, Nora Shields, Delwyn Morgan, Nicholas F Taylor
AIM: Oncology rehabilitation improves outcomes for cancer survivors but little is known about program availability in Australia. The aims of this study were: to describe oncology rehabilitation programs in Australia: determine whether the exercise component of programs is consistent with guidelines: and to explore barriers and facilitators to program implementation. METHODS: A sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was completed in two phases: (1) a survey of Australian oncology rehabilitation programs; and (2) purposively sampled follow-up semistructured interviews with senior clinicians working in oncology rehabilitation who were involved with exercise prescription...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893484/effects-of-pelvic-and-core-strength-training-on-high-school-cross-country-race-times
#18
Anne W Clark, Maggie K Goedeke, Rina Namvong, Derek E Rockwell, Bryan Jason Lehecka, Robert C Manske, Barbara S Smith
Effects of pelvic and core strength training on high school cross-country race times: A randomized control trial.There is only limited research examining the effect of pelvic and core strength training on running performance. Pelvic and core muscle fatigue is believed to contribute to excess motion along frontal and transverse planes which decreases efficiency in normal sagittal plane running motions. The purpose of this study was to determine if adding a six week pelvic and core strengthening program resulted in decreased race times in high school cross-country runners...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856021/interdisciplinary-development-of-an-improved-emergency-department-procedural-work-surface-through-iterative-design-and-use-testing-in-simulated-and-clinical-environments
#20
Xiao C Zhang, Ana M Bermudez, Pranav M Reddy, Ravi R Sarpatwari, Darin B Chheng, Taylor J Mezoian, Victoria R Schwartz, Quinneil J Simmons, Gregory D Jay, Leo Kobayashi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A stable and readily accessible work surface for bedside medical procedures represents a valuable tool for acute care providers. In emergency department (ED) settings, the design and implementation of traditional Mayo stands and related surface devices often limit their availability, portability, and usability, which can lead to suboptimal clinical practice conditions that may affect the safe and effective performance of medical procedures and delivery of patient care...
March 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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