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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#1
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177031/a-protocol-for-clinical-trial-study-of-the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercises-on-spine-kinematics-during-gait-with-and-without-load-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#2
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Background: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) is a major public health and global socioeconomic burden with a variety of symptoms such as gait abnormality. Trunk stiffness and deep trunk muscles dysfunction known as guarding mechanism in gait are factors leading to abnormal movement pattern of the spine. Anterior load carriage task during gait is also challenged the trunk stability and its movement pattern. It will be therefore of interest to examine the effect of a Core Stabilization Training Program (CSTP) on the trunk and pelvis kinematics including variability and peak displacement during gait with and without load in NCLBP patients...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158954/the-relationship-between-segmental-rolling-ability-and-lumbar-multifidus-activation-time
#3
Nicole Clark, Michael L Voight, Ashley M Campbell, Sherry Pierce, Pat Sells, Ryan Cook, Clint Henley, Lindsey Schiller
Background: Segmental rolling has been utilized as an assessment and intervention tool to identify and affect dysfunction of the upper quarter, core, and lower quarter. One theory to explain dysfunctional segmental rolling is a lack of segmental spinal control / stabilization. Faulty muscle firing sequencing has been related to poor spinal stability, however to date, no assessment tool exists to evaluate a patient's motor coordination of local and global musculature. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal sequence of lumbar multifidus activation associated with anterior deltoid activation, and to determine if faulty sequencing was associated with the inability to segmentally roll in subjects without mobility restrictions...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144110/effect-of-stabilization-exercise-on-back-pain-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Malik H Alanazi, Eric C Parent, Elizabeth Dennett
INTRODUCTION: Adult Scoliosis (AS) is the most common spine deformity in adults. Back pain is the main symptom leading patients to seek medical consultation. Stabilization exercise has been shown effective for reducing back pain. No literature review has examined the effects of such exercises in adults with scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effects of stabilization exercises on back pain, disability and quality of life in adults with scoliosis...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114516/comparative-effectiveness-of-lumbar-stabilization-dynamic-strengthening-and-pilates-on-chronic-low-back-pain-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067082/effectiveness-of-core-stabilization-exercises-and-routine-exercise-therapy-in-management-of-pain-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Muhammad Waseem Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a frequent problem faced by the majority of people at some point in their lifetime. Exercise therapy has been advocated an effective treatment for chronic low back pain. However, there is lack of consensus on the best exercise treatment and numerous studies are underway. Conclusive studies are lacking especially in this part of the world. Thisstudy was designed to compare the effectiveness of specific stabilization exercises with routine physical therapy exerciseprovided in patients with nonspecific chronic mechanical low back pain...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023328/strength-and-conditioning-habits-of-competitive-distance-runners
#7
Richard C Blagrove, Nicola Brown, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
Blagrove, RC, Brown, N, Howatson, G, and Hayes, PR. Strength and conditioning habits of competitive distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Targeted strength and conditioning (S&C) programs can potentially improve performance and reduce injury risk factors in competitive runners. However, S&C practices of distance runners are unknown. This study aimed to explore S&C practices of competitive middle- and long-distance runners and examined whether reported frequency of injuries was influenced by training behaviors...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946576/the-effects-of-mat-pilates-and-reformer-pilates-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
I Bulguroglu, A Guclu-Gunduz, G Yazici, C Ozkul, C Irkec, B Nazliel, H Z Batur-Caglayan
BACKGROUND: Pilates is an exercise method which increases strength and endurance of core muscles and improves flexibility, dynamic postural control and balance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the effects of Mat and Reformer Pilates methods in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with MS were included in the study. Participants were randomly divided into 3 groups as Mat Pilates, Reformer Pilates and control groups...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872400/what-is-the-most-effective-training-approach-for-preventing-noncontact-acl-injuries-in-high-school-aged-female-athletes
#9
Erica M Willadsen, Andrea B Zahn, Chris J Durall
CLINICAL SCENARIO: The high prevalence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in adolescent female athletes is thought to originate from hormonal, neuromuscular, and structural differences between sexes.(1) Although hormonal and structural factors are non-modifiable, neuromuscular control can be altered with training. A variety of training approaches have been adopted in ACL prevention programs including neuromuscular control training, core stability training, balance training, and plyometric exercise...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811784/does-the-effectiveness-of-core-stability-exercises-correlate-with-the-severity-of-spinal-stenosis-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#10
Chaxiang Chen, Zhichao Lin, Yingjie Zhang, Zemin Chen, Shujie Tang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the effectiveness of core stability exercises correlates with the severity of spinal stenosis in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Forty-two patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis treated in the department of orthopedics of our hospital between May 2013 and January 2016 were included in the study. All the patients performed core stability exercises once daily for six weeks, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and self-reported walking capacity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782096/the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#11
Vincent Gouttebarge, Marije van Sluis, Evert Verhagen, Johannes Zwerver
BACKGROUND: A scientific research project has started in the Netherlands with the aim of developing and implementing an evidence-based intervention to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries among young and adult recreational volleyball players. This article describes (i) the systematic development of the intervention; and (ii) the assessment of its feasibility in terms of relevancy, suitability and usability. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERVENTION: The development of the intervention was based on the Intervention Mapping structured and systematic process...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744034/comparison-of-the-effects-of-core-stabilization-and-chest-mobilization-exercises-on-lung-function-and-chest-wall-expansion-in-stroke-patients
#12
Shin-Jun Park, Ju-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Ok Min
[Purpose] The main purpose of this study was to compare the effects of core stabilization and chest mobilization exercises on pulmonary function and chest expansion in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients were randomly divided into two groups: a core stabilization exercise group (n=15) and a chest mobilization exercise group (n=15). Each exercise was performed 3 times per week for 30 minutes for 4 weeks, and pulmonary function and chest expansion when breathing were measured for both groups...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732494/the-effects-of-therapeutic-hip-exercise-with-abdominal-core-activation-on-recruitment-of-the-hip-muscles
#13
Mandy Ky Chan, Ka Wai Chow, Alfred Ys Lai, Noble Kc Mak, Jason Ch Sze, Sharon Mh Tsang
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization has been utilized for rehabilitation and prevention of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries. Previous studies showed that activation of the abdominal core muscles enhanced the hip muscle activity in hip extension and abduction exercises. However, the lack of the direct measurement and quantification of the activation level of the abdominal core muscles during the execution of the hip exercises affect the level of evidence to substantiate the proposed application of core exercises to promote training and rehabilitation outcome of the hip region...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714764/abdominal-hollowing-reduces-lateral-trunk-displacement-during-single-leg-squats-in-healthy-females-but-does-not-affect-peak-hip-abduction-angle-or-knee-abductio-angle-moment
#14
Lukas D Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C Lampert, John Z Srbely
CONTEXT: Females suffer 4-6 times more non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than males due to neuromuscular control deficits of the hip musculature leading to increases in hip adduction angle, knee abduction angle, and knee abduction moment during dynamic tasks such as single-leg squats. Lateral trunk displacement has been further related to ACL injury risk in females, leading to the incorporation of core strength/stability exercises in ACL preventative training programs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582897/reflex-mediated-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-in-stroke-patients-emg-processing-and-ultrasound-imaging
#15
Hyun S Yoon, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: Postural core instability is associated with poor dynamic balance and a high risk of serious falls. Both neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) core stabilization exercises have been used to improve core stability, but the outcomes of these treatments remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the therapeutic effects of NDT and DNS core stabilization exercises on muscular activity, core stability, and core muscle thickness...
July 20, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572078/the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-kinematics-and-joint-coordination-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-hip-during-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-coscious-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled
#16
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Holakoo Mohsenifar, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is among the most prevalent health problems. Lumbar spine and hips kinematics and coordination can be affected in CNLBP. The effects of exercises on the kinematics and coordination of lumbar spine and hips during sit-to-stand (STS) and its reverse have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of core stabilization exercise on the kinematics and joint coordination of the lumbar spine and hip during STS and its reverse in CNLBP patients...
June 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#17
R Lovell, M Knox, M Weston, J C Siegler, S Brennan, P W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into three groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) biweekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s-1 ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503541/effects-of-12-week-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-cobb-angle-and-lumbar-muscle-strength-of-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Kwang-Jun Ko, Seol-Jung Kang
To identify the effects of core stabilization exercise on the Cobb angle and lumbar muscle strength of adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Subjects in the present study consisted of primary school students who were confirmed to have scoliosis on radiologic examination performed during their visit to the National Fitness Center in Seoul, Korea. Depending on whether they participated in a 12-week core stabilization exercise program, subjects were divided into the exercise (n=14, age 12.71±0.72 years) or control (n=15, age 12...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498224/core-training-in-low-back-disorders-role-of-the-pilates-method
#19
Andrew A Joyce, Dana H Kotler
The Pilates method is a system of exercises developed by Joseph Pilates, which emphasizes recruitment and strengthening of the core muscles, flexibility, and breathing, to promote stability and control of movement. Its focus bears similarity to current evidence-based exercise programs for low back disorders. Spinal stability is a function of three interdependent systems, osseoligamentous, muscular, and neural control; exercise addresses both the muscular and neural function. The "core" typically refers to the muscular control required to maintain functional stability...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469756/effect-of-core-training-on-male-handball-players-throwing-velocity
#20
Carmen Manchado, José García-Ruiz, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
In handball, throwing velocity is considered to be one of the essential factors in achieving the ultimate aim of scoring a goal. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of a core training program on throwing velocity in 30 handball players (age 18.7 ± 3.4 years, body height 179.3 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 78.9 ± 7.7 kg), 16 of whom were in the junior category and 14 of whom were in the senior category. The 30 players were randomly divided into two groups, the control group (n = 15) and the experimental group (n = 15)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
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