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Core stability exercises

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714764/abdominal-hollowing-reduces-lateral-trunk-displacement-during-single-leg-squats-in-healthy-females-but-does-not-affect-peak-hip-abduction-angle-or-knee-abductio-angle-moment
#1
Lukas D Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C Lampert, John Z Srbely
CONTEXT: Females suffer 4-6 times more non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than males due to neuromuscular control deficits of the hip musculature leading to increases in hip adduction angle, knee abduction angle, and knee abduction moment during dynamic tasks such as single-leg squats. Lateral trunk displacement has been further related to ACL injury risk in females, leading to the incorporation of core strength/stability exercises in ACL preventative training programs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582897/reflex-mediated-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-in-stroke-patients-emg-processing-and-ultrasound-imaging
#2
Hyun S Yoon, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: Postural core instability is associated with poor dynamic balance and a high risk of serious falls. Both neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) core stabilization exercises have been used to improve core stability, but the outcomes of these treatments remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the therapeutic effects of NDT and DNS core stabilization exercises on muscular activity, core stability, and core muscle thickness...
May 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572078/the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-kinematics-and-joint-coordination-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-hip-during-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-coscious-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled
#3
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Holakoo Mohsenifar, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is among the most prevalent health problems. Lumbar spine and hips kinematics and coordination can be affected in CNLBP. The effects of exercises on the kinematics and coordination of lumbar spine and hips during sit-to-stand (STS) and its reverse have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of core stabilization exercise on the kinematics and joint coordination of the lumbar spine and hip during STS and its reverse in CNLBP patients...
June 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#4
R Lovell, M Knox, M Weston, J C Siegler, S Brennan, P W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into three groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) biweekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503541/effects-of-12-week-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-cobb-angle-and-lumbar-muscle-strength-of-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Kwang-Jun Ko, Seol-Jung Kang
To identify the effects of core stabilization exercise on the Cobb angle and lumbar muscle strength of adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Subjects in the present study consisted of primary school students who were confirmed to have scoliosis on radiologic examination performed during their visit to the National Fitness Center in Seoul, Korea. Depending on whether they participated in a 12-week core stabilization exercise program, subjects were divided into the exercise (n=14, age 12.71±0.72 years) or control (n=15, age 12...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498224/core-training-in-low-back-disorders-role-of-the-pilates-method
#6
Andrew A Joyce, Dana H Kotler
The Pilates method is a system of exercises developed by Joseph Pilates, which emphasizes recruitment and strengthening of the core muscles, flexibility, and breathing, to promote stability and control of movement. Its focus bears similarity to current evidence-based exercise programs for low back disorders. Spinal stability is a function of three interdependent systems, osseoligamentous, muscular, and neural control; exercise addresses both the muscular and neural function. The "core" typically refers to the muscular control required to maintain functional stability...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469756/effect-of-core-training-on-male-handball-players-throwing-velocity
#7
Carmen Manchado, José García-Ruiz, Juan Manuel Cortell-Tormo, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
In handball, throwing velocity is considered to be one of the essential factors in achieving the ultimate aim of scoring a goal. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of a core training program on throwing velocity in 30 handball players (age 18.7 ± 3.4 years, body height 179.3 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 78.9 ± 7.7 kg), 16 of whom were in the junior category and 14 of whom were in the senior category. The 30 players were randomly divided into two groups, the control group (n = 15) and the experimental group (n = 15)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#8
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
BACKGROUND: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#10
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413116/trunk-muscle-emg-during-intermediate-pilates-mat-exercises-in-beginner-healthy-and-chronic-low-back-pain-individuals
#11
Ivye L R Pereira, Bergson Queiroz, Jefferson Loss, César Amorim, Isabel C N Sacco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic pattern of core muscles during intermediate Pilates mat exercises between healthy people and those with low back pain. METHODS: We evaluated healthy participants (n = 19; mean ± standard deviation [SD]: age 28 ± 8 years, body mass 65 ± 10 kg, height 160.0 ± 9.1 cm) and a low back pain group (n = 13; mean ± SD: age 30 ± 9 years, body mass 67 ± 12 kg, height 170.0 ± 6.6 cm). Electromyographic analysis assessed the multifidus, external oblique, internal oblique, and rectus abdominis muscles during classical Pilates exercises (single leg stretch, criss-cross, and dead bug)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351168/long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-additional-core-stability-exercises-training-for-improving-dynamic-sitting-balance-and-trunk-control-in-stroke-patients
#12
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Fernanda Mª Caballero-Gómez, Helena du Port de Pontcharra-Serra, Ana German-Romero, Gerard Urrútia
OBJECTIVE: Analyse the effect of core stability exercises in addition to conventional physiotherapy training three months after the intervention ended. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient services. SUBJECTS: Seventy-nine stroke survivors. INTERVENTIONS: In the intervention period, both groups underwent conventional physiotherapy performed five days/week for five weeks, and in addition the experimental group performed core stability exercises for 15 minutes/day...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217414/dance-balance-and-core-muscle-performance-measures-are-improved-following-a-9-week-core-stabilization-training-program-among-competitive-collegiate-dancers
#13
Todd Watson, Jessica Graning, Sue McPherson, Elizabeth Carter, Joshuah Edwards, Isaac Melcher, Taylor Burgess
BACKGROUND: Dance performance requires not only lower extremity muscle strength and endurance, but also sufficient core stabilization during dynamic dance movements. While previous studies have identified a link between core muscle performance and lower extremity injury risk, what has not been determined is if an extended core stabilization training program will improve specific measures of dance performance. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: This study examined the impact of a nine-week core stabilization program on indices of dance performance, balance measures, and core muscle performance in competitive collegiate dancers...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#14
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186932/descriptive-analysis-of-a-1-1-physiotherapy-outpatient-intervention-post-primary-lumbar-discectomy-one-arm-of-a-small-scale-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial-across-two-uk-sites
#15
A Rushton, A Calcutt, N Heneghan, A Heap, L White, M Calvert, P Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of high-quality evidence for physiotherapy post lumbar discectomy. Substantial heterogeneity in treatment effects may be explained by variation in quality, administration and components of interventions. An optimised physiotherapy intervention may reduce heterogeneity and improve patient benefit. The objective was to describe, analyse and evaluate an optimised 1:1 physiotherapy outpatient intervention for patients following primary lumbar discectomy, to provide preliminary insights...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171779/trunk-muscle-activity-during-different-variations-of-the-supine-plank-exercise
#16
Joaquin Calatayud, Jose Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan C Colado, Pedro Gargallo, Álvaro Juesas, Víctor Muñoz, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Exercises providing neuromuscular challenges of the spinal muscles are desired for core stability, which is important for workers with heavy manual labour as well as people recovering from back pain. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether using a suspended modality increases trunk muscle activity during unilateral or bilateral isometric supine planks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty university students participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157133/progression-of-core-stability-exercises-based-on-the-extent-of-muscle-activity
#17
Joaquin Calatayud, José Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan Carlos Colado, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate a variety of isometric plank exercises. DESIGN: Twenty university students performed the following eight different variants of plank exercises in random order and with 1-min rest intervals: stable prone plank, suspended prone plank, stable roll-out plank, suspended roll-out plank, unilateral stable prone plank, unilateral suspended prone plank, stable lateral plank, and suspended lateral plank. Surface electromyography signals were recorded for the upper rectus abdominis, lower rectus abdominis, external oblique, lumbar erector spinae, and normalized to the maximum voluntary isometric contraction...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119877/effects-of-pilates-core-stability-exercises-on-the-balance-abilities-of-archers
#18
Jeong-Min Park, Gwang-Suk Hyun, Yong-Seok Jee
This study aimed to provide fundamental data contributing to archery performance improvement and stabilization of shooting posture in archers by examining the influence of Pilates core stability (PCS) exercises on dynamic and static balance. The study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016 on high school archers who were registered as archers in the Korea Archery Association with 5 or more years of archery experience. Twenty voluntary subjects (exercise group n=10; control group n=10) with an understanding toward the aims of this study were selected and their body composition, static and dynamic balance abilities, before and after the PCS program, were measured...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042685/lumbopelvic-core-stabilization-exercise-and-pain-modulation-among-individuals-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#19
Aatit Paungmali, Leonard H Joseph, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Lumbopelvic stabilization training (LPST) may provide therapeutic benefits on pain modulation in chronic nonspecific low back pain conditions. This study aimed to examine the effects of LPST on pain threshold and pain intensity in comparison with the passive automated cycling intervention and control intervention among patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: A within-subject, repeated-measures, crossover randomized controlled design was conducted among 25 participants (7 males and 18 females) with chronic nonspecific low back pain...
January 2, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004526/exercise-therapy-in-oncology-rehabilitation-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Amy M Dennett, Casey L Peiris, Nora Shields, Delwyn Morgan, Nicholas F Taylor
AIM: Oncology rehabilitation improves outcomes for cancer survivors but little is known about program availability in Australia. The aims of this study were: to describe oncology rehabilitation programs in Australia: determine whether the exercise component of programs is consistent with guidelines: and to explore barriers and facilitators to program implementation. METHODS: A sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was completed in two phases: (1) a survey of Australian oncology rehabilitation programs; and (2) purposively sampled follow-up semistructured interviews with senior clinicians working in oncology rehabilitation who were involved with exercise prescription...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
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