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Core stability exercises

Gözde Gür, Cigdem Ayhan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Core stabilization training is used to improve postural balance in musculoskeletal problems. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of stabilization training in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, pretest-posttest design. METHODS: In total, 25 subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomly divided into two groups: stabilization group (n = 12) and control group (n = 13)...
September 13, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Benno Ejnisman, Gisele Barbosa, Carlos V Andreoli, A de Castro Pochini, Thiago Lobo, Rodrigo Zogaib, Moises Cohen, Mario Bizzini, Jiri Dvorak
In the last years, shoulder injuries have represented an increasing health problem in soccer players. The goalkeepers are more exposed to shoulder disorders than other field players. Injury prevention exercises for upper limbs were cited in few studies involving throwing athletes, but we know that goalkeepers need a specific program. The purpose of this study is to describe the development of an adapted Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ program, namely the FIFA 11+ shoulder, which targets the prevention of shoulder injuries in soccer goalkeepers...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Carrie W Hoppes, Aubrey D Sperier, Colleen F Hopkins, Bridgette D Griffiths, Molly F Principe, Barri L Schnall, Johanna C Bell, Shane L Koppenhaver
BACKGROUND: Body armor is credited with increased survival rates in soldiers but the additional axial load may negatively impact the biomechanics of the spine resulting in low back pain. Multiple studies have found that lumbar stabilization programs are superior to generalized programs for patients with chronic low back pain. It is not known if such programs produce objective changes in trunk muscle function with wear of body armor. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: An eight-week core stability exercise program would result in a larger improvement in physical endurance and abdominal muscle thickness than a control intervention...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
Charles J Fountaine, Rachel M Baker, LilaAnn C White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jeffrey R Tolley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Rafael F Escamilla, Clare Lewis, Amanda Pecson, Rodney Imamura, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Prone, supine, and side position exercises are employed to enhance core stability. HYPOTHESIS: Overall core muscle activity would be greater in prone position exercises compared with supine and side position exercises. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Eighteen men and women between 23 and 45 years of age served as subjects. Surface electrodes were positioned over the upper and lower rectus abdominis, external and internal obliques, rectus femoris, latissimus dorsi, and lumbar paraspinals...
July 2016: Sports Health
W Grander
Malignant hyperthermia is a life-threatening disease caused by derangement of the autonomic nerve system and hypermetabolism of the peripheral musculature. Commonly body core temperatures of more than 40 °C will be found in this disease which is caused mostly by psychopharmacological drugs like antidepressants, neuroleptics but also antibiotics, pain killers, anti-Parkinson drugs, and volatile anesthetics. The inducers of malignant hyperthermia interact with postsynaptic receptors (serotonin, anticholinergics) or muscular intracellular structures responsible for calcium utilization (volatile anesthetics, succinylcholine)...
June 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
MohammadBagher Shamsi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Aliashraf Jamshidi, Vida Zarabi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi
BACKGROUND: There is a controversy regarding whether core stability exercise (CSE) is more effective than general exercise (GE) for chronic LBP. To compare different exercises regarding their effect on improving back strength and stability, performance of abdominal muscles is a useful index. Ultrasound imaging for measuring muscle thickness could be used to assess muscle performance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare CSE and GE in chronic LBP using ultrasound imaging for measurement of thickness of the deep stabilizing and main global trunk muscles in non-specific chronic LBP...
May 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Maxime Pellegrin, Justyna Szostak, Karima Bouzourène, Jean-François Aubert, Alain Berthelot, Jürg Nussberger, Pascal Laurant, Lucia Mazzolai
INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted to directly compare the efficacy of running exercise and telmisartan treatment on angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with Ang II-mediated atherosclerosis (2-kidney, 1-clip [2K1C] renovascular hypertension model) were randomized into 3 groups: treadmill running exercise (RUN), telmisartan treatment (TEL), and sedentary untreated controls (SED) for 5 weeks...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Jinzhuang Xiao, Jinli Sun, Junmin Gao, Hongrui Wang, Xincai Yang
Objectives. Prone bridge, unilateral bridge, supine bridge, and bird-dog are classic rehabilitation exercises, which have been advocated as effective ways to improve core stability among healthy individuals and patients with low back pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the activity of seven selected muscles during rehabilitation exercises through the signal of surface electromyographic. Approaches. We measured the surface electromyographic signals of four lower limb muscles, two abdominal muscles, and one back muscle during rehabilitation exercises of 30 healthy students and then analyzed its activity level using the median frequency method...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Ronald L Snarr, Ashleigh V Hallmark, Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco
: Instability devices are primarily used with the intent of increasing the intensity of traditional exercises by providing further muscular demands of the abdominal wall by decreasing stability. While there are multiple studies examining these devices, most often they only compare one such device to a stable movement and overlook the comparison among multiple devices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the electromyographical differences of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), erector spinae (LSES), and rectus femoris (RF) during pike variations performed on various surfaces...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Xibo Sun, Qian Gao, Honglei Dou, Shujie Tang
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine which is better in the rehabilitation of stroke patients, core stability exercises or conventional exercises. [Subjects and Methods] Forty participants with hemiplegia were recruited in the Department of Neurology of Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang between January 2014 and February 2015 and randomly divided into either an experimental or control group. The patients in the control group performed conventional exercises for six weeks, and those in the experiment group performed core stability exercises for six weeks...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Joshua D Shumway, Danielle N Anderson, Brett Bishop
Injury prevention has been assessed and studied in professional and collegiate athletic populations, but application to the military setting has been limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an injury prevention warm-up in two flying squadrons. At the commanders' request, two Air Force flying squadrons (276 individuals) were provided an injury prevention warm-up of evidence-based exercises, which focused on functional range of motion and dynamic core stability. The routine was performed before unit physical training twice a week...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Barton E Anderson, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
Research has demonstrated a relationship between poor core stability and back pain, with noted decreases in core muscle activity and spinal stabilization in those suffering from both acute and chronic conditions. This relationship has also led to studies examining differences in breathing patterns between persons with and without low back pain. Several authors have reported altered breathing patterns in persons with chronic, non-specific low back pain, including differences in lung capacity and diaphragm mechanics...
May 2, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Amalia Tinto, Marta Campanella, Milena Fasano
BACKGROUND: Developing muscle strength and full body stability is essential for the efficient execution of technical moves in synchronised swimming.[1] However, many swimmers find it difficult to control body stability while executing particular figures in water. We evaluated the effects of TRX® suspension training (2 sessions weekly for 6 months on core strength and core stability in young female. METHODS: Twenty synchronised swimmers (Beginners A category, mean age 10±1 years) are divided in Experimental Group (EG; n° 10 athletes) and Control Group (CG; n° 10 athletes)...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Sidney J Segalowitz
Exercise has long been reputed to have beneficial effects on cognitive processes and emotional stability, with obvious applications to lifespan developmental issues in mental health. Over the last 20 years, animal studies have provided potential mechanisms for this link in neurophysiological terms. Only a very small number of studies have applied this model to well-controlled child and adolescent studies of psychological development, with such studies necessarily requiring collaboration across the fields of exercise science and developmental psychology...
May 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Christopher J Tyler, Tom Reeve, Gary J Hodges, Stephen S Cheung
BACKGROUND: Exercise performance and capacity are impaired in hot, compared to temperate, conditions. Heat adaptation (HA) is one intervention commonly adopted to reduce this impairment because it may induce beneficial exercise performance and physiological and perceptual adaptations. A number of investigations have been conducted on HA but, due to large methodological differences, the effectiveness of different HA regimens remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: (1) To quantify the effect of different HA regimens on exercise performance and the physiological and perceptual responses to subsequent heat exposure...
April 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
Themis M Cardinot, Thais M Lima, Ana I S Moretti, Marcia K Koike, Valeria S Nunes, Patricia M Cazita, Marta H Krieger, Patricia C Brum, Heraldo P Souza
UNLABELLED: The mechanisms by which exercise affects atherosclerotic plaque stability remain incompletely understood. We evaluated the effects of two training protocols on both atherosclerotic plaque structure and the signaling pathways involved in plaque rupture. METHODS: Male low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor knockout mice were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFD). One group was subjected to moderate exercise using a treadmill for 14weeks (preventive protocol)...
May 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Shujie Tang, Xiuling Qian, Yingjie Zhang, Yuanmei Liu
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effect of Tuina combined with core stability exercises on low back pain resulted from lumbar degenerative instability is unclear. This article aims to evaluate whether core stability exercises can improve the effect of Tuina in this regard. METHODS: This trial was designed as a randomized controlled trial and carried out in Qingzhou hospital of Traditional Chinese medicine between June 2011 and June 2013. Eighty-eight patients with low-grade lumbar degenerative instability were included and divided randomly into experimental and control groups, 44 in each...
April 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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