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Core stability exercises

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648933/influence-of-body-position-on-shoulder-and-trunk-muscle-activation-during-resisted-isometric-shoulder-external-rotation
#1
David A Krause, Lucas G Dueffert, Jaclyn L Postma, Eric T Vogler, Amy J Walsh, John H Hollman
BACKGROUND: External rotation (ER) strengthening of the shoulder is an integral component of rehabilitative and preventative programs for overhead athletes. A variety of shoulder ER strengthening exercises are reported, including those intended to integrate the core musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine ER torque and electromyographic (EMG) activation of shoulder and trunk muscles while performing resisted isometric shoulder ER in 3 positions (standing, side lying, and side plank)...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614707/best-core-stabilization-exercise-to-facilitate-subcortical-neuroplasticity-a-functional-mri-neuroimaging-study
#2
Do Hyun Kim, Jae Jin Lee, Sung Joshua Hyun You
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of conscious (ADIM) and subconscious (DNS) core stabilization exercises on cortical changes in adults with core instability. PARTICIPANTS: Five non-symptomatic participants with core instability. METHODS: A novel core stabilization task switching paradigm was designed to separate cortical or subcortical neural substrates during a series of DNS or ADIM core stabilization tasks. RESULTS: fMRI blood BOLD analysis revealed a distinctive subcortical activation pattern during the performance of the DNS, whereas the cortical motor network was primarily activated during an ADIM...
March 23, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599856/influence-of-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-approach-on-maximum-kayak-paddling-force
#3
Pavel Davidek, Ross Andel, Alena Kobesova
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) exercise on maximum paddling force (PF) and self-reported pain perception in the shoulder girdle area in flatwater kayakers. Twenty male flatwater kayakers from a local club (age = 21.9 ± 2.4 years, body height = 185.1 ± 7.9 cm, body mass = 83.9 ± 9.1 kg) were randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups. During the 6-week study, subjects from both groups performed standard off-season training. Additionally, the intervention group engaged in a DNS-based core stabilization exercise program (quadruped exercise, side sitting exercise, sitting exercise and squat exercise) after each standard training session...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476713/best-core-stabilization-for-anticipatory-postural-adjustment-and-falls-in-hemiparetic-stroke
#4
Nam G Lee, H You Joshua Sung, Chung H Yi, Hye S Jeon, Bong S Choi, Dong R Lee, Jae M Park, Tae H Lee, In T Ryu, Hyun S Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of conventional core stabilization (CCS) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) on anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) time, balance performance, and fear of falls in chronic hemiparetic stroke. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design SETTING: Hospital's rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight adults with chronic hemiparetic stroke INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly divided into either CCS (n=14) or DNS (n=14) groups...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459120/immedicate-effects-of-core-stabilization-exercise-on-%C3%AE-endorphin-and-cortisol-levels-among-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-crossover-design
#5
Aatit Paungmali, Leonard Henry Joseph, Khanittha Punturee, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the study was to measure the levels of plasma β-endorphin (PB) and plasma cortisol (PC) under lumbar core stabilization exercise (LCSE), placebo and control conditions in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Twenty-four participants with chronic nonspecific low back pain participated in a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design study. There were 3 experimental exercise conditions: control condition (positioning in crook lying and rest), placebo condition (passive cycling in crook lying using automatic cycler), and LCSE on a Pilates device tested with a 48-hour interval between sessions by concealed randomization...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421851/respiratory-characteristics-of-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Vikram Mohan, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilerpisan, Ummi F Hashim, Munifa B Mazlan, Tuan N Nasuha
Non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) is known to cause respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated alterations in breathing, respiratory strength and endurance, core stability, diaphragm mobility, and chest expansion among patients with NS-LBP and healthy individuals. The specific aim of the study was to correlate between respiratory function and other variables among NS-LBP patients. Thirty four patients with NS-LBP were matched with 34 healthy participants before undergoing total faulty breathing scale, spirometer, respiratory pressure meter, chest expansion, ultrasound, and pressure biofeedback measurements...
February 8, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401197/effects-of-an-8-week-body-weight-neuromuscular-training-on-dynamic-balance-and-vertical-jump-performances-in-elite-junior-skiing-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jacopo A Vitale, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi, Matteo Bonato
Vitale, JA, La Torre, A, Banfi, G, and Bonato, M. Effects of an 8-week body-weight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance and vertical jump performances in elite junior skiing athletes: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 911-920, 2018-The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week neuromuscular training program focused on core stability, plyometric, and body-weight strengthening exercises on dynamic postural control and vertical jump performance in elite junior skiers...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#9
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177031/a-protocol-for-clinical-trial-study-of-the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercises-on-spine-kinematics-during-gait-with-and-without-load-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Background: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) is a major public health and global socioeconomic burden with a variety of symptoms such as gait abnormality. Trunk stiffness and deep trunk muscles dysfunction known as guarding mechanism in gait are factors leading to abnormal movement pattern of the spine. Anterior load carriage task during gait is also challenged the trunk stability and its movement pattern. It will be therefore of interest to examine the effect of a Core Stabilization Training Program (CSTP) on the trunk and pelvis kinematics including variability and peak displacement during gait with and without load in NCLBP patients...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158954/the-relationship-between-segmental-rolling-ability-and-lumbar-multifidus-activation-time
#11
Nicole Clark, Michael L Voight, Ashley M Campbell, Sherry Pierce, Pat Sells, Ryan Cook, Clint Henley, Lindsey Schiller
Background: Segmental rolling has been utilized as an assessment and intervention tool to identify and affect dysfunction of the upper quarter, core, and lower quarter. One theory to explain dysfunctional segmental rolling is a lack of segmental spinal control / stabilization. Faulty muscle firing sequencing has been related to poor spinal stability, however to date, no assessment tool exists to evaluate a patient's motor coordination of local and global musculature. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal sequence of lumbar multifidus activation associated with anterior deltoid activation, and to determine if faulty sequencing was associated with the inability to segmentally roll in subjects without mobility restrictions...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144110/effect-of-stabilization-exercise-on-back-pain-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#12
Malik H Alanazi, Eric C Parent, Elizabeth Dennett
INTRODUCTION: Adult Scoliosis (AS) is the most common spine deformity in adults. Back pain is the main symptom leading patients to seek medical consultation. Stabilization exercise has been shown effective for reducing back pain. No literature review has examined the effects of such exercises in adults with scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effects of stabilization exercises on back pain, disability and quality of life in adults with scoliosis...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114516/comparative-effectiveness-of-lumbar-stabilization-dynamic-strengthening-and-pilates-on-chronic-low-back-pain-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067082/effectiveness-of-core-stabilization-exercises-and-routine-exercise-therapy-in-management-of-pain-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Muhammad Waseem Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a frequent problem faced by the majority of people at some point in their lifetime. Exercise therapy has been advocated an effective treatment for chronic low back pain. However, there is lack of consensus on the best exercise treatment and numerous studies are underway. Conclusive studies are lacking especially in this part of the world. Thisstudy was designed to compare the effectiveness of specific stabilization exercises with routine physical therapy exerciseprovided in patients with nonspecific chronic mechanical low back pain...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023328/strength-and-conditioning-habits-of-competitive-distance-runners
#15
Richard C Blagrove, Nicola Brown, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
Blagrove, RC, Brown, N, Howatson, G, and Hayes, PR. Strength and conditioning habits of competitive distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Targeted strength and conditioning (S&C) programs can potentially improve performance and reduce injury risk factors in competitive runners. However, S&C practices of distance runners are unknown. This study aimed to explore S&C practices of competitive middle- and long-distance runners and examined whether reported frequency of injuries was influenced by training behaviors...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946576/the-effects-of-mat-pilates-and-reformer-pilates-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
I Bulguroglu, A Guclu-Gunduz, G Yazici, C Ozkul, C Irkec, B Nazliel, H Z Batur-Caglayan
BACKGROUND: Pilates is an exercise method which increases strength and endurance of core muscles and improves flexibility, dynamic postural control and balance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the effects of Mat and Reformer Pilates methods in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with MS were included in the study. Participants were randomly divided into 3 groups as Mat Pilates, Reformer Pilates and control groups...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872400/what-is-the-most-effective-training-approach-for-preventing-noncontact-acl-injuries-in-high-school-aged-female-athletes
#17
Erica M Willadsen, Andrea B Zahn, Chris J Durall
CLINICAL SCENARIO: The high prevalence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in adolescent female athletes is thought to originate from hormonal, neuromuscular, and structural differences between sexes.(1) Although hormonal and structural factors are non-modifiable, neuromuscular control can be altered with training. A variety of training approaches have been adopted in ACL prevention programs including neuromuscular control training, core stability training, balance training, and plyometric exercise...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811784/does-the-effectiveness-of-core-stability-exercises-correlate-with-the-severity-of-spinal-stenosis-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#18
Chaxiang Chen, Zhichao Lin, Yingjie Zhang, Zemin Chen, Shujie Tang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the effectiveness of core stability exercises correlates with the severity of spinal stenosis in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Forty-two patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis treated in the department of orthopedics of our hospital between May 2013 and January 2016 were included in the study. All the patients performed core stability exercises once daily for six weeks, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and self-reported walking capacity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782096/the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#19
Vincent Gouttebarge, Marije van Sluis, Evert Verhagen, Johannes Zwerver
BACKGROUND: A scientific research project has started in the Netherlands with the aim of developing and implementing an evidence-based intervention to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries among young and adult recreational volleyball players. This article describes (i) the systematic development of the intervention; and (ii) the assessment of its feasibility in terms of relevancy, suitability and usability. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERVENTION: The development of the intervention was based on the Intervention Mapping structured and systematic process...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744034/comparison-of-the-effects-of-core-stabilization-and-chest-mobilization-exercises-on-lung-function-and-chest-wall-expansion-in-stroke-patients
#20
Shin-Jun Park, Ju-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Ok Min
[Purpose] The main purpose of this study was to compare the effects of core stabilization and chest mobilization exercises on pulmonary function and chest expansion in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients were randomly divided into two groups: a core stabilization exercise group (n=15) and a chest mobilization exercise group (n=15). Each exercise was performed 3 times per week for 30 minutes for 4 weeks, and pulmonary function and chest expansion when breathing were measured for both groups...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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