keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Core muscles

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196721/variations-in-anthropogenic-silver-in-a-large-patagonian-lake-correlate-with-global-shifts-in-photographic-processing-technology
#1
Romina Juncos, Linda Campbell, Marina Arcagni, Romina Daga, Andrea Rizzo, María Arribére, Sergio Ribeiro Guevara
At the beginning of the 21st century, digital imaging technology replaced the traditional silver-halide film photography which had implications in Ag contamination. Lake Nahuel Huapi is a popular Patagonia tourist destination impacted by municipal silver (Ag) contamination from photographic processing facilities since 1990's. Silver concentrations in a dated sediment core from the lake bottom showed a 10-fold increase above background levels in the second half of the 20th century, then a decrease. This trend corresponds well with published annual global photography industry demand for Ag, which clearly shows the evolution and replacement of the traditional silver-halide film photography by digital imaging technology...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185317/static-postural-stability-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-effects-of-vision-and-bladder-filling
#2
Daria Chmielewska, Magdalena Stania, Kajetan Słomka, Edward Błaszczak, Jakub Taradaj, Patrycja Dolibog, Grzegorz Juras
AIMS: This case-control study was designed to compare static postural stability between women with stress urinary incontinence and continent women and it was hypothesized that women with incontinence aged around 50 years also have balance disorders. METHODS: Eighteen women with incontinence and twelve women without incontinence aged 50-55 years participated in two 60-s trials of each of four different testing conditions: eyes open/full bladder, eyes open/empty bladder, eyes closed/full bladder, eyes closed/empty bladder...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183862/the-mechanisms-underlying-the-muscle-metaboreflex-modulation-of-sweating-and-cutaneous-blood-flow-in-passively-heated-humans
#3
Baies Haqani, Naoto Fujii, Narihiko Kondo, Glen P Kenny
Metaboreceptors can modulate cutaneous blood flow and sweating during heat stress but the mechanisms remain unknown. Fourteen participants (31 ± 13 years) performed 1-min bout of isometric handgrip (IHG) exercise at 60% of their maximal voluntary contraction followed by a 3-min occlusion (OCC), each separated by 10 min, initially under low (LHS, to activate sweating without changes in core temperature) and high (HHS, whole-body heating to a core temperature increase of 1.0°C) heat stress conditions. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweat rate were measured continuously at four forearm skin sites perfused with 1) lactated Ringer's solution (Control), 2) 10 mmol L-NAME [inhibits nitric oxide synthase (NOS)], 3) 10 mmol Ketorolac [inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)], or 4) 4 mmol theophylline (THEO; inhibits adenosine receptors)...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181684/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#4
REVIEW
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Pernille P Johansen, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Rod S Taylor, Jesper H Svendsen, Selina K Berg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation may benefit adults with atrial fibrillation or those who had been treated for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is caused by multiple micro re-entry circuits within the atrial tissue, which result in chaotic rapid activity in the atria. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based rehabilitation programmes, alone or with another intervention, compared with no-exercise training controls in adults who currently have AF, or have been treated for AF...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180981/does-pre-operative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-muscle-predict-clinical-outcomes-following-lumbar-spinal-decompression-for-symptomatic-spinal-stenosis
#5
Mario G T Zotti, F Vilas Boas, T Clifton, M Piche, W W Yoon, B J C Freeman
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) would predict clinical outcomes following lumbar spinal decompression for symptomatic spinal stenosis. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients with symptomatic neurogenic claudication, documented spinal stenosis on pre-operative MRI underwent spinal decompression. All subjects completed standardised outcome measures (Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI v2...
February 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177744/impact-of-hot-and-cold-exposure-on-human-skeletal-muscle-gene-expression
#6
Roksana B Zak, Robert J Shute, Matthew W S Heesch, D Taylor La Salle, Matthew P Bubak, Nicholas E Dinan, Terence L Laursen, Dustin Russel Slivka
: Many human diseases lead to a loss of skeletal muscle metabolic function and mass. Local and environmental temperature can modulate the exercise-stimulated response of several genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and skeletal muscle function in a human model. However, the impact of environmental temperature, independent of exercise, has not been addressed in a human model. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of exposure to hot, cold, and room temperature conditions on skeletal muscle gene expression related to mitochondrial biogenesis and muscle mass...
December 1, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173929/postflight-reconditioning-for-european-astronauts-a-case-report-of-recovery-after-six-months-in-space
#7
Nora Petersen, Gunda Lambrecht, Jonathan Scott, Natalie Hirsch, Maria Stokes, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: Postflight reconditioning of astronauts is understudied. Despite a rigorous, daily inflight exercise countermeasures programme during six months in microgravity (μG) on-board the International Space Station (ISS), physiological impairments occur and postflight reconditioning is still required on return to Earth. Such postflight programmes are implemented by space agency reconditioning specialists. Case Description and Assessments: A 38 year old male European Space Agency (ESA) crewmember's pre- and postflight (at six and 21 days after landing) physical performance from a six-month mission to ISS are described...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171779/trunk-muscle-activity-during-different-variations-of-the-supine-plank-exercise
#8
Joaquin Calatayud, Jose Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan C Colado, Pedro Gargallo, Álvaro Juesas, Víctor Muñoz, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Exercises providing neuromuscular challenges of the spinal muscles are desired for core stability, which is important for workers with heavy manual labour as well as people recovering from back pain. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether using a suspended modality increases trunk muscle activity during unilateral or bilateral isometric supine planks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty university students participated in this cross-sectional study...
January 31, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166087/genitourinary-malformations-an-under-recognized-feature-of-ectrodactyly-ectodermal-dysplasia-and-cleft-lip-palate-syndrome
#9
Zerin Hyder, Victoria Beale, Ruth O'Connor, Jill Clayton-Smith
The ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate (EEC) syndrome describes the association of ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and orofacial clefting. As with many autosomal dominant disorders, there is variability in expression and not all of these three core features are present in every individual with the condition. Moreover, there may be additional associated features, which are under-recognized. One of these is the presence of genitourinary anomalies, some of which cause significant morbidity. This report details a further two patients with EEC syndrome and genitourinary involvement, including flaccid megacystis with detrusor muscle failure, bilateral hydronephrosis and megaureter, requiring significant renal and urological involvement during their childhood...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159888/principles-for-circadian-orchestration-of-metabolic-pathways
#10
Kevin Thurley, Christopher Herbst, Felix Wesener, Barbara Koller, Thomas Wallach, Bert Maier, Achim Kramer, Pål O Westermark
Circadian rhythms govern multiple aspects of animal metabolism. Transcriptome-, proteome- and metabolome-wide measurements have revealed widespread circadian rhythms in metabolism governed by a cellular genetic oscillator, the circadian core clock. However, it remains unclear if and under which conditions transcriptional rhythms cause rhythms in particular metabolites and metabolic fluxes. Here, we analyzed the circadian orchestration of metabolic pathways by direct measurement of enzyme activities, analysis of transcriptome data, and developing a theoretical method called circadian response analysis...
February 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159401/relationships-of-mercury-concentrations-across-tissue-types-muscle-regions-and-fins-for-two-shark-species
#11
Jason R O'Bryhim, Douglas H Adams, Julia L Y Spaet, Gary Mills, Stacey L Lance
Mercury (Hg) exposure poses a threat to both fish and human health. Sharks are known to bioaccumulate Hg, however, little is known regarding how Hg is distributed between different tissue groups (e.g. muscle regions, organs). Here we evaluated total mercury (THg) concentrations from eight muscle regions, four fins (first dorsal, left and right pectorals, caudal-from both the inner core and trailing margin of each fin), and five internal organs (liver, kidney, spleen, heart, epigonal organ) from two different shark species, bonnethead (Sphyrna tiburo) and silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) to determine the relationships of THg concentrations between and within tissue groups...
January 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157133/progression-of-core-stability-exercises-based-on-the-extent-of-muscle-activity
#12
Joaquin Calatayud, José Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan Carlos Colado, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate a variety of isometric plank exercises. DESIGN: Twenty university students performed the following eight different variants of plank exercises in random order and with 1-min rest intervals: stable prone plank, suspended prone plank, stable roll-out plank, suspended roll-out plank, unilateral stable prone plank, unilateral suspended prone plank, stable lateral plank, and suspended lateral plank. Surface electromyography signals were recorded for the upper rectus abdominis, lower rectus abdominis, external oblique, lumbar erector spinae, and normalized to the maximum voluntary isometric contraction...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155183/sarcopenia-an-overview
#13
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Agnese Collamati, Emanuela D'Angelo, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function, is a common condition among older adults, and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Owing to the impact of sarcopenia on quality of life, disability and mortality, a greater awareness is necessary in order to correctly identify the condition both in community and geriatric settings. Research on sarcopenia prevention and treatment is developing quickly, but many questions are still unanswered. The core of the sarcopenia condition involves quantitative and qualitative losses of skeletal muscle...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143926/formation-of-a-repressive-complex-in-the-mammalian-circadian-clock-is-mediated-by-the-secondary-pocket-of-cry1
#14
Alicia K Michael, Jennifer L Fribourgh, Yogarany Chelliah, Colby R Sandate, Greg L Hura, Dina Schneidman-Duhovny, Sarvind M Tripathi, Joseph S Takahashi, Carrie L Partch
The basic helix-loop-helix PAS domain (bHLH-PAS) transcription factor CLOCK:BMAL1 (brain and muscle Arnt-like protein 1) sits at the core of the mammalian circadian transcription/translation feedback loop. Precise control of CLOCK:BMAL1 activity by coactivators and repressors establishes the ∼24-h periodicity of gene expression. Formation of a repressive complex, defined by the core clock proteins cryptochrome 1 (CRY1):CLOCK:BMAL1, plays an important role controlling the switch from repression to activation each day...
January 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138411/granulomatous-prostatitis-after-intravesical-immunotherapy-mimicking-prostate-cancer
#15
Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Paweł Iberszer, Lech Wronecki
Intravesical immunotherapy with attenuated strains of Mycobacterium bovis is a widely used therapeutic option in patients with non-muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. A rare complication of intravesical therapy with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine is granulomatous prostatitis, which due to increasing levels of prostate-specific antigen and abnormalities found in transrectal examination of the prostate may suggest concomitant prostate cancer. A case of extensive granulomatous prostatitis in a 61-year-old patient which occurred after the first course of a well-tolerated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy is presented...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132586/development-of-gd3n-c80-encapsulated-redox-nanoparticles-for-high-performance-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Zhenyu Gao, Yusuke Nakanishi, Shoko Noda, Haruka Omachi, Hisanori Shinohara, Hiroyuki Kimura, Yukio Nagasaki
As novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, gadofullerene encapsulated redox nanoparticles (Gd3NPs) were prepared by encapsulation of Gd3N@C80 in the core of core-shell-type polymer micelles composed of original polyamine with a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging ability. Because Gd3NPs possess biocompatible PEG shell with a smaller size (ca. 50 nm), they had high colloidal stability in a physiological environment, and showed low cytotoxicity. Specific accumulation of Gd3NPs in a tumor was confirmed in tumor-bearing mice after systemic administration...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120342/morphological-study-of-the-persian-leopard-panthera-pardus-saxicolor-tongue
#17
J Sadeghinezhad, M T Sheibani, I Memarian, R Chiocchetti
This study described the morphological features of the Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) tongue using light and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The keratinized filiform papillae were distributed all over the entire dorsal surface of the tongue and contained small processes. They were changed into a cylindrical shape in the body and conical shape in the root. The fungiform papillae were found on the apex and margin of the tongue. Few taste pores were observed on the dorsal surface of each papilla...
January 24, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119826/effects-of-3-dimensional-lumbar-stabilization-training-for-balance-in-chronic-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jin-Young Chun, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Sung-Hee Park, Yu Hui Won, Gi-Wook Kim, Sung-Jun Moon, Myoung-Hwan Ko
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system on the balance and gait abilities of hemiplegic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight hemiplegic patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=14) or control group (n=14). The experimental and control groups performed balance training by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Biodex Balance System 30 minutes per day, three times a week for 7 weeks...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117498/factors-that-explain-the-cancer-related-insomnia
#19
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Angélica Ariza-Garcia, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Andrés J Fernández-Fernández, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
A better understanding of cancer related insomnia and its relationship with other associated factors is necessary to improve its management. To clarify the relationship between insomnia and treatment related variables, sociodemographic data, health related fitness, pain, anxiety, and depression in breast cancer patients. One hundred twenty-three patients participated in this cross-sectional study. As a primary variable was insomnia using The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 version...
January 24, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115514/ablation-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-3-protects-against-atherosclerosis-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#20
Hui Liu, Wen-Lin Cheng, Xi Jiang, Pi-Xiao Wang, Chun Fang, Xue-Yong Zhu, Zan Huang, Zhi-Gang She, Hongliang Li
The secretion of adhesion molecules by endothelial cells, as well as the subsequent infiltration of macrophages, determines the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence suggests that IRF3 (interferon regulatory factor 3) is required for the induction of proinflammatory cytokines and for endothelial cell proliferation. However, the effect and underlying mechanism of IRF3 on atherogenesis remain unknown. Our results demonstrated a moderate-to-strong immunoreactivity effect associated with IRF3 in the endothelium and macrophages of the atherosclerotic plaques in patients with coronary heart disease and in hyperlipidemic mice...
March 2017: Hypertension
keyword
keyword
55374
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"