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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324769/factors-associated-with-latent-fingerprint-exclusion-determinations
#1
Bradford T Ulery, R Austin Hicklin, Maria Antonia Roberts, JoAnn Buscaglia
Exclusion is the determination by a latent print examiner that two friction ridge impressions did not originate from the same source. The concept and terminology of exclusion vary among agencies. Much of the literature on latent print examination focuses on individualization, and much less attention has been paid to exclusion. This experimental study assesses the associations between a variety of factors and exclusion determinations. Although erroneous exclusions are more likely to occur on some images and for some examiners, they were widely distributed among images and examiners...
February 22, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323792/the-effect-of-intermittent-vest-cooling-on-thermoregulation-and-cardiovascular-strain-in-baseball-catchers
#2
Stacy Bishop, David J Szymanski, Greg A Ryan, Robert L Herron, Phil A Bishop
Baseball catchers are exposed to multiple physiological challenges while playing outside during the spring and summer months, many of which deal with recovery and thermoregulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of intermittent cooling on core temperature, cardiovascular strain, exertion, and recovery during a simulated catching performance in the heat. Six trained college-aged baseball catchers performed in a controlled, hot (35 °C) and humid (25% relative humidity) environment in a counter-balanced, cross-over design...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#3
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316365/extracting-databases-from-dark-data-with-deepdive
#4
Ce Zhang, Jaeho Shin, Christopher Ré, Michael Cafarella, Feng Niu
DeepDive is a system for extracting relational databases from dark data: the mass of text, tables, and images that are widely collected and stored but which cannot be exploited by standard relational tools. If the information in dark data - scientific papers, Web classified ads, customer service notes, and so on - were instead in a relational database, it would give analysts a massive and valuable new set of "big data." DeepDive is distinctive when compared to previous information extraction systems in its ability to obtain very high precision and recall at reasonable engineering cost; in a number of applications, we have used DeepDive to create databases with accuracy that meets that of human annotators...
June 2016: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315194/assessing-entrustable-professional-activities-during-the-psychiatry-clerkship
#5
Martin Klapheke, Teresa Johnson, Morayma Cubero
OBJECTIVE: Within 10 years, the Association of American Medical Colleges envisions graduating medical students will be entrusted by their school to perform 13 core entrustable professional activities (EPAs) without direct supervision. The authors focused on eight EPAs that appear most relevant to clinical training during the psychiatry clerkship at their institution to evaluate whether students assess themselves as making progress in EPAs during this clerkship, to see how students' self-assessments compare with the clerkship director's assessments, and to see if weaknesses in the curriculum were found...
March 17, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314882/a-global-view-of-undergraduate-education-in-pharmacovigilance
#6
Jenny Hartman, Linda Härmark, Eugène van Puijenbroek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in current pharmacovigilance educational activities and to gather information on which topics should be included in the undergraduate pharmacovigilance core curriculum. METHOD: A web-based questionnaire was carried out containing 45 questions divided over four sections between 28 October 2014 and 31 January 2015. Potential participants working in pharmacovigilance and/or providing training in this field were invited via email and a widespread web link and snowball sampling was used to recruit additional participants...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306323/a-feasibility-assessment-of-behavioral-based-interviewing-to-improve-candidate-selection-for-a-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-program
#7
Geneva Tatem, Maria Kokas, Cathy L Smith, Bruno DiGiovine
Traditional interviews for residency and fellowship training programs are an important component in the selection process, but can be of variable value due to a non-standardized approach. We redesigned the candidate interview process for our large pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship program in the United States using a behavioral-based interview structure. The primary goal of this approach was to standardize the assessment of candidates within non-cognitive domains with the goal of selecting those with the best fit for our institution's fellowship program...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303774/physiological-evaluation-of-personal-protective-ensembles-recommended-for-use-in-west-africa
#8
Aitor Coca, Tyler Quinn, Jung-Hyun Kim, Tianzhou Wu, Jeff Powell, Raymond Roberge, Ronald Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: Personal protective equipment (PPE) provides health care workers with a barrier to prevent human contact with viruses like Ebola and potential transmission of the disease. However, PPE can also introduce an additional physiological burden from potentially increased heat stress. This study evaluated the human physiological and subjective responses to continuous light exercise within environmental conditions similar to those in West Africa while wearing 3 different, commonly used PPE ensembles (E1, E2, and E3)...
March 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302555/development-of-bioinformatics-infrastructure-for-genomics-research-in-h3africa
#9
Nicola J Mulder, Ezekiel Adebiyi, Marion Adebiyi, Seun Adeyemi, Azza Ahmed, Rehab Ahmed, Bola Akanle, Mohamed Alibi, Don L Armstrong, Shaun Aron, Efejiro Ashano, Shakuntala Baichoo, Alia Benkahla, David K Brown, Emile R Chimusa, Faisal M Fadlelmola, Dare Falola, Segun Fatumo, Kais Ghedira, Amel Ghouila, Scott Hazelhurst, Iunu Isewon, Segun Jung, Samar Kamal Kassim, Jonathan K Kayondo, Mamana Mbiyavanga, Ayton Meintjes, Somia Mohammed, Abayomi Mosaku, Ahmed Moussa, Mustafa Muhammd, Zahra Mungloo-Dilmohamud, Oyekanmi Nashiru, Trust Odia, Adaobi Okafor, Olaleye Oladipo, Victor Osamor, Jellili Oyelade, Khalid Sadki, Samson Pandam Salifu, Jumoke Soyemi, Sumir Panji, Fouzia Radouani, Oussama Souiai, Özlem Tastan Bishop
BACKGROUND: Although pockets of bioinformatics excellence have developed in Africa, generally, large-scale genomic data analysis has been limited by the availability of expertise and infrastructure. H3ABioNet, a pan-African bioinformatics network, was established to build capacity specifically to enable H3Africa (Human Heredity and Health in Africa) researchers to analyze their data in Africa. Since the inception of the H3Africa initiative, H3ABioNet's role has evolved in response to changing needs from the consortium and the African bioinformatics community...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302329/the-high-performing-radiology-residency-a-case-study
#10
Lu Anne V Dinglasan, Mary H Scanlon
The primary goal of any radiology residency program is to train clinically competent radiologists. However, some radiology programs go above and beyond basic ACGME requirements and produce highly productive radiologists who contribute to the field in research, education and technology. At the core of such residencies are the people who comprise it, including self-motivated, personable residents and faculty who can facilitate excellence from their trainees. Indeed, radiology residencies which create unique programs in response to evolving resident interests can help foster resident-driven research, advocacy, technological innovation and early leadership...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302085/adaptation-of-non-technical-skills-behavioural-markers-for-delivery-room-simulation
#11
Fabrizio Bracco, Michele Masini, Gabriele De Tonetti, Francesca Brogioni, Arianna Amidani, Sara Monichino, Alessandra Maltoni, Andrea Dato, Claudia Grattarola, Massimo Cordone, Giancarlo Torre, Claudio Launo, Carlo Chiorri, Danilo Celleno
BACKGROUND: Simulation in healthcare has proved to be a useful method in improving skills and increasing the safety of clinical operations. The debriefing session, after the simulated scenario, is the core of the simulation, since it allows participants to integrate the experience with the theoretical frameworks and the procedural guidelines. There is consistent evidence for the relevance of non-technical skills (NTS) for the safe and efficient accomplishment of operations. However, the observation, assessment and feedback on these skills is particularly complex, because the process needs expert observers and the feedback is often provided in judgmental and ineffective ways...
March 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293750/factors-affecting-the-surgical-outcomes-of-tethered-cord-syndrome-in-adults-a-retrospective-study
#12
Anas Abdallah, Erhan Emel, Betül Güler Abdallah, Murad Asiltürk, Özden Erhan Sofuoğlu
This study aimed to find the factors that may affect the surgical outcomes of congenital tethered cord syndrome (TCS) in adults by evaluating the long-term surgical outcomes of 25 consecutive cases. Medical records of 79 TCS cases which underwent surgery in Bakırköy Research and Training Hospital for Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry (BRSHH), during an 11-year period from 2005 to 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. All adult cases (patient age > 18 years) were selected as the core sample used for this study...
March 14, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293279/the-history-of-risk-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Philip F Stahel, Ivor S Douglas, Todd F VanderHeiden, Sebastian Weckbach
In the USA alone, around 22 million patients annually discuss the need for surgical procedure with their surgeon. On a global scale, more than 200 million patients are exposed to the risk of undergoing a surgical procedure every year. A crucial part of the informed consent process for surgery is the understanding of risk, the probability of complications, and the predicted occurrence of adverse events. Ironically, risk quantification, risk stratification, and risk management are not necessarily part of a surgeon's core skillset, considering the lengthy surgical training curriculum towards technical excellence...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#15
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291450/establishing-a-joint-theater-trauma-system-during-phase-zero-operations
#16
Jennifer J Walker, Zsolt T Stockinger, Colin G Chinn
OBJECTIVES: Military personnel risk injury due to accidents, disasters, and military threats during Phase Zero "shaping" operations. Medical facilities must be poised to respond. METHODS: The U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR) covers more than 50% of the earth's surface; relevant Clinical Practice Guidelines must include the maritime setting and extended evacuation periods. Military hospitals in the region are not connected by a defined Trauma System...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291352/understanding-the-molecular-determinant-of-reversible-human-monoamine-oxidase-b-inhibitors-containing-2h-chromen-2-one-core-structure-based-and-ligand-based-derived-3-d-qsar-predictive-models
#17
Milan Mladenovic, Alexandros Patsilinakos, Adele Pirolli, Manuela Sabatino, Rino Ragno
Monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) catalyzes the oxidative deamination of aryalkylamines neurotransmitters with concomitant reduction of oxygen to hydrogen peroxide. Consequently, the enzyme's malfunction can induce oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA and mediates development of Parkinson's disease. Thus, MAO B emerges as a promising target for developing pharmaceuticals potentially useful to treat this vicious neurodegenerative condition. Aiming to contribute to the development of drugs with the reversible mechanism of MAO B inhibition only, herein, an extended in silico-in vitro procedure for the selection of novel MAO B inhibitors is demonstrated, including: (1) definition of optimized and validated structure-based (SB) 3-D QSAR models derived from available co-crystallized inhibitor-MAO B complexes; (2) elaboration of structure-activity relationships (SAR) features for either irreversible or reversible MAO B inhibitors to characterize and improve coumarin-based inhibitor activity (Protein Data Bank ID: 2V61) as the most potent reversible lead compound; (3) definition of structure-based (SB) and ligand-based (LB) alignment rules assessments by which virtually any untested potential MAO B inhibitor might be evaluated; (4) predictive ability validation of the best 3-D QSAR model through SB/LB modeling of four coumarin-based external test sets (267 compounds); (5) design and SB/LB alignment of novel coumarin-based scaffolds experimentally validated through synthesis and biological evaluation in vitro...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285525/geochemical-and-hydrologic-factors-controlling-subsurface-transport-of-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-cape-cod-massachusetts
#18
Andrea Kristina Weber, Larry B Barber, Denis R LeBlanc, Elsie M Sunderland, Chad David Vecitis
Growing evidence that certain poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are associated with negative human health effects prompted the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to issue lifetime drinking water health advisories for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in 2016. Given that groundwater is a major source of drinking water, the main objective of this work was to investigate geochemical and hydrological processes governing the subsurface transport of PFASs at a former fire training area (FTA) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, where PFAS-containing aqueous film-forming foams were used historically...
March 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284672/what-radiologists-can-learn-from-fighter%C3%A2-pilots
#19
Elliot Rinzler
Many principles of aviation safety have already been adopted into the field of health care. In this article, the author describes some of the core methodologies that contribute to the success of US Air Force fighter pilots and offers examples as to how these could be adapted to meet the challenges facing the practice of radiology. Key principles include "big picture" tactical training, the use of checklists, teamwork, safety, and performance improvement concepts. The need for cultural support of change is emphasized...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282756/the-effect-of-short-term-isometric-training-on-core-torso-stiffness
#20
Benjamin Lee, Stuart McGill
"Core" exercise is a basic part of many physical training regimens with goals ranging from rehabilitation of spine and knee injuries to improving athletic performance. Core stiffness has been proposed to perform several functions including reducing pain by minimising joint micro-movements, and enhancing strength and speed performance. This study probes the links between a training approach and immediate but temporary changes in stiffness. Passive and active stiffness was measured on 24 participants; 12 having little to no experience in core training (inexperienced), and the other 12 being athletes experienced to core training methods; before and after a 15 min bout of isometric core exercises...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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