Read by QxMD icon Read

Core training

Katarina Cheng, Ribal Bassil, Raphael Carandang, Wiley Hall, Susanne Muehlschlegel
The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) has limited utility in intubated patients due to the inability to assign verbal sub-scores. The verbal sub-score can be derived from the eye and motor sub-scores using a mathematical model, but the advantage of this method and its use in outcome prognostication in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients remains unknown. We compared the validated "Core+CT"-IMPACT-model performance in 251 intubated TBI patients prospectively enrolled in the longitudinal OPTIMISM-study between November 2009 and May 2015 when substituting the original motor GCS with the total estimated GCS (teGCS; with estimated verbal sub-score)...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Prakash Chand Negi, Raman Chauhan, Vivek Rana, Vidyasagar, Kavinder Lal
BACKGROUND: There are no data available on the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD) risk factors among the tribal population of hill state of Himachal Pradesh (HP). The epidemiological study of NCD risk factors was done in the tribal population of district Kinnaur of HP to estimate the burden of NCD risk factors and their risk determinants. METHODS: WHO STEP wise approach was used for screening of the core NCD risk indicators in 3582 randomly selected natives of Kinnaur aged 20-70 years by trained Health workers of the district health services...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Julie Dare, Celia Wilkinson, Michael Garlepp, Johnny Lo, Steve Allsop
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored the barriers and enablers influencing Western Australian (WA) community pharmacists' knowledge, confidence, willingness and practice in engaging older clients (>60 years) in alcohol-related health discussions. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with a total of 14 community pharmacists who had previously completed a formative quantitative survey (n = 63), and indicated willingness to participate in a follow-up focus group...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Ben Schram, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Saeeda Khanum, Rubina Hanif, Elizabeth S Spelke, Ilaria Berteletti, Daniel C Hyde
Current theories of numerical cognition posit that uniquely human symbolic number abilities connect to an early developing cognitive system for representing approximate numerical magnitudes, the approximate number system (ANS). In support of this proposal, recent laboratory-based training experiments with U.S. children show enhanced performance on symbolic addition after brief practice comparing or adding arrays of dots without counting: tasks that engage the ANS. Here we explore the nature and generality of this effect through two brief training experiments...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Achim Elfering, Anita C Keller, Martial Berset, Laurenz L Meier, Simone Grebner, Wolfgang Kälin, Françoise Monnerat, Franziska Tschan, Norbert K Semmer
Core self-evaluations (CSE) might account for relative gains in job resources across time, especially in situations when these individual differences affect behavior that is relevant for development of job resources. This longitudinal study tests CSE as an individual resource that predicts relative gain in job resources and job satisfaction among job beginners who change or stay with their employer. A questionnaire was filled in by 513 adolescents shortly before the end of vocational training and one year later...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jared J Murray, Colleen M Renier, Jenny J Ahern, Barbara A Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To document neuromuscular training (NMT) availability and its relationship to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in 4 major high school sports by gender, sport, and rural/urban geography, with the hypothesis that increased exposure to NMT would be associated with fewer ACL injuries. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: All Minnesota high schools identified in the Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) database for fall 2014 boys' football and soccer, and girls' volleyball and soccer...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Volkan Coskun, Ellen M Carpenter
The last 40 years have seen a remarkable increase in the teaching of neuroscience at the undergraduate level. From its origins as a component of anatomy or physiology departments to its current status as an independent interdisciplinary field, neuroscience has become the chosen field of study for many undergraduate students, particularly for those interested in medical school or graduate school in neuroscience or related fields. We examined how life science-based neuroscience education is offered at large public universities in the Western United States...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Darrell G Kirch, Cori E Ast
The health care system of the United States has been in a period of dramatic transformation since the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, and the rate of change is accelerating. Historically, health care delivery was focused on the efforts of independent individual providers related to single patients, but the future will require interprofessional teamwork to achieve successful transformation. Academic health centers must identify nimble leaders who can harness the expertise of every team member to succeed in yielding the triple aim-better care for individuals, better health for populations, and lower overall cost...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
M Pang, W He, P St J Russell
We report a Tm-doped soliton fiber laser passively mode-locked by intense optoacoustic interactions in a short length of solid-core silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a nanobore in core-center. A repetition rate of 1.446 GHz pulse is achieved, corresponding to the 52nd harmonic of the 27.8 MHz cavity round-trip frequency. Strong optoacoustic interactions in this PCF-based, Tm-doped fiber laser ensure stable and repeatable gigahertz-rate pulse train generation at 1.85 μm wavelength, with a high supermode noise suppression ratio and low pulse timing jitter...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Marco Ambrosetti
Patients with Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease (LEPAD) have been recently identified as target groups for structured Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation (CPR) programs, whose core components and intervention goals are now well recognized. Historically, exercise training (ET) programs have been employed for the treatment of LEPAD with typical intermittent claudication, and several meta-analysis documented improvements in walking distances of enrolled patients. Both in American and European guidelines, a frequency of at least 3 sessions per week and program duration of 12 weeks were judged as optimal, while recommended sessions lengths were 30-45 minutes and 30-60 minutes respectively...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Irene Brunk, Stefan Schauber, Waltraud Georg
The depth of medical student knowledge of human anatomy is often controversially discussed. In particular, members of surgical disciplines raise concerns regarding deficits in the factual anatomical and topographical knowledge of upper-year students. The question often raised is whether or not medical students have sufficient anatomical and topographical knowledge when they graduate from medical school. Indeed, this question is highly relevant for curricular planners. Therefore, we have addressed it by evaluating the performance of students in the 5th and 6th years of their studies on anatomical multiple choice questions from the Berlin Progress Test Medicine performed at 10 German university medical schools...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Joseph L Graves, Chris Reiber, Anna Thanukos, Magdalena Hurtado, Terry Wolpaw
Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided...
October 15, 2016: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Xiaoyun Hu, Xiuming Xi, Penglin Ma, Haibo Qiu, Kaijiang Yu, Yaoqing Tang, Chuanyun Qian, Qiang Fang, Yushan Wang, Xiangyou Yu, Yuan Xu, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to develop consensus on core competencies required for postgraduate training in intensive care medicine. METHODS: We used a combination of a modified Delphi method and a nominal group technique to create and modify the list of core competencies to ensure maximum consensus. Ideas were generated modified from Competency Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe collaboration (CoBaTrICE) core competencies. An online survey invited healthcare professionals, educators, and trainees to rate and comment on these competencies...
October 16, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Wei-Sheng Chen, Wen-Jin Xu, Hua-Qiang Zhu, Lei Gao, Miao-Jun Lai, Fu-Qiang Zhang, Wen-Hua Zhou, Hui-Fen Liu
Histone acetylation and other modifications of the chromatin are important regulators of gene expression and may contribute to drug-induced behaviors and neuroplasticity. Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDAC) activity results in the change of some drug-induced behaviors,however, relatively little is known about the effects of HDAC inhibitors on heroin-seeking behavior. In the present study, male rats were trained to self-administer heroin under a FR1 schedule for consecutive 14 days, followed by 14 daily 2hours extinction session in the operant chamber...
October 11, 2016: Brain Research
Lori A Stolz, Uwe Stolz, J Matthew Fields, Turandot Saul, Michael Secko, Matthew J Flannigan, Johnathan M Sheele, Robert P Rifenburg, Anthony J Weekes, Elaine B Josephson, John Bedolla, Dana M Resop, Jonathan Dela Cruz, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Terrell Caffery, Charlotte Derr, Rimon Bengiamin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Brandon Backlund, Jagdipak Heer, Robert J Hyde, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: Emergency ultrasound (EUS) has been recognized as integral to the training and practice of emergency medicine (EM). The Council of Emergency Medicine Residency-Academy of Emergency Ultrasound (CORD-AEUS) consensus document provides guidelines for resident assessment and progression. The Accredited Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has adopted the EM Milestones for assessment of residents' progress during their residency training which includes demonstration of procedural competency in bedside ultrasound...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Oystein S Eikrem, Philipp Strauss, Christian Beisland, Andreas Scherer, Lea Landolt, Arnar Flatberg, Sabine Leh, Vidar Beisvag, Trude Skogstrand, Karin Hjelle, Anjana Shresta, Hans-Peter Marti
OBJECTIVE: A previous study by this group demonstrated the feasibility of RNA sequencing (RNAseq) technology for capturing disease biology of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and presented initial results for carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA9) and tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein-6 (TNFAIP6) as possible biomarkers of ccRCC (discovery set) [Eikrem et al. PLoS One 2016;11:e0149743]. To confirm these results, the previous study is expanded, and RNAseq data from additional matched ccRCC and normal renal biopsies are analyzed (confirmation set)...
October 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Bobbi J Carothers, John Landsverk, Enola K Proctor
BACKGROUND: Training investigators for the rapidly developing field of implementation science requires both mentoring and scientific collaboration. Using social network descriptive analyses, visualization, and modeling, this paper presents results of an evaluation of the mentoring and collaborations fostered over time through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) supported by Implementation Research Institute (IRI). METHODS: Data were comprised of IRI participant self-reported collaborations and mentoring relationships, measured in three annual surveys from 2012 to 2014...
October 13, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"