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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145831/copd-online-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-copd-rehabilitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol-core-trial
#2
Henrik Hansen, Theresa Bieler, Nina Beyer, Nina Godtfredsen, Thomas Kallemose, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a key treatment in COPD. However, despite the existing evidence and a strong recommendation from lung associations worldwide, 50% of patients with COPD decline to participate in COPD rehabilitation program and 30-50% drop-out before completion. The main reasons are severe symptoms, inflexible accessibility and necessity for transportation. Currently there are no well-established and evident rehabilitation alternatives...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#3
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144793/interprofessional-collaboration-an-exploration-of-possible-prerequisites-for-successful-implementation
#4
Erik Vestergaard, Birgitte Nørgaard
Poor collaboration among professional groups may be a major cause of incoherent patient pathways in hospital settings. For over a decade, interprofessional collaboration (IPC) have been stressed as an effective method to enhance the delivery of patient care. This article presents a theory-based stakeholder evaluation of the implementation of an intervention aiming to implement the concept of IPC in a Danish regional hospital from 2012 to 2015. Involving five departments and eight professions, the intervention aimed at developing coherent practices across health professions by optimising patient pathways with the establishment of interprofessional teams as a core element...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143795/deep-see-joint-object-detection-tracking-and-recognition-with-application-to-visually-impaired-navigational-assistance
#5
Ruxandra Tapu, Bogdan Mocanu, Titus Zaharia
In this paper, we introduce the so-called DEEP-SEE framework that jointly exploits computer vision algorithms and deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to detect, track and recognize in real time objects encountered during navigation in the outdoor environment. A first feature concerns an object detection technique designed to localize both static and dynamic objects without any a priori knowledge about their position, type or shape. The methodological core of the proposed approach relies on a novel object tracking method based on two convolutional neural networks trained offline...
October 28, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141621/expectations-and-perceptions-of-primary-healthcare-professionals-regarding-their-own-continuous-education-in-catalonia-spain-a-qualitative-study
#6
Xavier Mundet-Tuduri, Ramon Crespo, Ma Luisa Fernandez-Coll, Montserrat Saumell, Flor Millan-Mata, Àngels Cardona, Núria Codern-Bové
BACKGROUND: The planning and execution of continuous education in an organization that provides health services is a complex process. The objectives, learning sequences, and implementation strategies should all be oriented to improving the health of the population. The aim of this study was to analyse the expectations and perceptions of continuous educations by primary healthcare professionals (physicians and nurses) and identify aspects that hinder or encourage the process. METHODS: A qualitative study with 5 focus groups made up of 25 primary healthcare professionals from the Catalan Health Institute, Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141516/how-to-assess-communication-skills-development-of-the-rating-scale-comon-check
#7
K Radziej, J Loechner, C Engerer, M Niglio de Figueiredo, J Freund, H Sattel, C Bachmann, P O Berberat, A Dinkel, A Wuensch
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a core competency for all physicians. Thus, medical students require adequate preparation in communication skills. For research purposes, as well as for evaluation in teaching, there is a clear need for reliable assessment tools. We analyzed the shortcomings of existing instruments and saw a need for a new rating scale. The aim of this publication is to describe the development process for, and evaluation of, a new rating scale. METHODS: First, we developed the rating scale in 10 steps...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141409/a-versatile-probe-for-caffeine-detection-in-real-life-samples-via-excitation-triggered-alteration-in-sensing-behavior-of-fluorescent-organic-nanoaggregates
#8
Nilanjan Dey, Basudeb Maji, Santanu Bhattacharya
Excitation triggered alteration in the sensing behavior of fluorescent nanoaggregates was explored in water, considering caffeine as the 'target analyte'. Merely by changing the excitation wavelength, we could specifically excite either the monomeric species or the fluorescent nanoaggregates. The monomer showed highly sensitive interaction with caffeine despite poor selectivity, while the 'strongly associated' fluorescent nanoaggregates displayed relatively high selectivity with low sensitivity. Additionally, the extent of self-aggregation was also found to be influenced by the micropolarity of the local surroundings and the electronics of the core carbazole unit...
November 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139220/creating-and-facilitating-change-for-person-centred-coordinated-care-p3c-the-development-of-the-organisational-change-tool-p3c-oct
#9
Jane Horrell, Helen Lloyd, Thavapriya Sugavanam, James Close, Richard Byng
BACKGROUND: Person Centred Coordinated Care (P3C) is a UK priority for patients, carers, professionals, commissioners and policy makers. Services are developing a range of approaches to deliver this care with a lack of tools to guide implementation. METHODOLOGY: A scoping review and critical examination of current policy, key literature and NHS guidelines, together with stakeholder involvement led to the identification of domains, subdomains and component activities (processes and behaviours) required to deliver P3C...
November 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136538/the-impact-of-core-muscles-training-on-the-range-of-anterior-pelvic-tilt-in-subjects-with-increased-stiffness-of-the-hamstrings
#10
Michał Tomasz Kuszewski, Rafał Gnat, Anna Gogola
The aim of this study is to verify the hypotheses that muscular coordination training of the core region in subjects showing increased hamstring stiffness results in an increase in anterior pelvic tilt and that there is a correlation between hamstring stiffness and anterior pelvic tilt. The two-group, non-blinded experimental controlled trial with three repeated measurements of the dependent variables. The experimental group received muscular coordination training during a period of two weeks, control group - no training...
November 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131617/coupling-matched-molecular-pairs-with-machine-learning-for-virtual-compound-optimization
#11
Simone Fulle, Samo Turk, Benjamin Merget, Friedrich Rippmann
Matched molecular pair (MMP) analyses are widely used in compound optimization projects to gain insights into structure-activity relationships (SAR). The analysis is traditionally done via statistical methods but can also be employed together with machine learning (ML) approaches to extrapolate to novel compounds. The here introduced MMP/ML method combines a fragment-based MMP implementation with different machine learning methods to obtain automated SAR decomposition and prediction. To test the prediction capabilities and model transferability, two different compound optimization scenarios were designed: (1) 'new fragments' that occurs when exploring new fragments for a defined compound series, and (2) 'new static core and transformations' that resembles for instance the identification of a new compound series...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131084/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-tinnitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Laurence McKenna, Elizabeth M Marks, Christopher A Hallsworth, Roland Schaette
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is experienced by up to 15% of the population and can lead to significant disability and distress. There is rarely a medical or surgical target and psychological therapies are recommended. We investigated whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could offer an effective new therapy for tinnitus. METHODS: This single-site randomized controlled trial compared MBCT to intensive relaxation training (RT) for chronic, distressing tinnitus in adults...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128872/prenatal-kynurenine-treatment-in-rats-causes-schizophrenia-like-broad-monitoring-deficits-in-adulthood
#13
Britta Hahn, Carolyn H Reneski, Ana Pocivavsek, Robert Schwarcz
RATIONALE: Elevated brain kynurenic acid (KYNA) levels are implicated in the pathology and neurodevelopmental pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In rats, embryonic treatment with kynurenine (EKyn) causes elevated brain KYNA levels in adulthood and cognitive deficits reminiscent of schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence suggests that people with schizophrenia have a narrowed attentional focus, and we aimed at establishing whether these abnormalities may be related to KYNA dysregulation...
November 11, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#14
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127865/which-information-on-women-s-issues-in-epilepsy-does-a-community-pharmacist-need-to-know-a-delphi-consensus-study
#15
Ramzi Shawahna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and achieve consensus on a core list of important knowledge items that community pharmacists should know on women's issues in epilepsy. METHODS: This was a consensual study using a modified Delphi technique. Knowledge items were collected from the literature and from nine key contacts who were interviewed on their views on what information community pharmacists should have on women's issues in epilepsy. More knowledge items were suggested by five researchers with interest in women's issues who were contacted to rate and comment on the knowledge items collected...
November 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127018/curriculum-using-the-in-situ-operating-room-setting
#16
Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Kathleen O'Connor, Elijah Riddle, Daniel T Dempsey, Joshua Atkins, Dimitry Baranov, Gregory Motuk, Ari D Brooks, Noel Williams, Jon Morris, Kristoffel Dumon
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery is a comprehensive, simulation-based curriculum for General Surgery residents which exists in 3 phases. While phases 1 and 2 deal with core skills and advanced procedures respectively, phase 3 targets team-based skills. To date, the 3rd phase of this curriculum has not seen wide scale implementation. This is a pilot study to verify the feasibility of implementing the phase 3 curriculum in the in-situ setting...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126406/perceptions-of-the-2011-acgme-duty-hour-requirements-among-residents-in-all-core-programs-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#17
Benjamin J Sandefur, Diana M Shewmaker, Christine M Lohse, Steven H Rose, James E Colletti
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) implemented revisions to resident duty hour requirements (DHRs) in 2011 to improve patient safety and resident well-being. Perceptions of DHRs have been reported to vary by training stage and specialty among internal medicine and general surgery residents. The authors explored perceptions of DHRs among all residents at a large academic medical center. METHODS: The authors administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey about DHRs to residents enrolled in all ACGME-accredited core residency programs at their institution...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121958/institutional-capacity-to-generate-and-use-evidence-in-lmics-current-state-and-opportunities-for-hpsr
#18
Zubin Cyrus Shroff, Dena Javadi, Lucy Gilson, Rockie Kang, Abdul Ghaffar
BACKGROUND: Evidence-informed decision-making for health is far from the norm, particularly in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Health policy and systems research (HPSR) has an important role in providing the context-sensitive and -relevant evidence that is needed. However, there remain significant challenges both on the supply side, in terms of capacity for generation of policy-relevant knowledge such as HPSR, and on the demand side in terms of the demand for and use of evidence for policy decisions...
November 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121243/a-structured-training-program-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-europe
#19
E Visser, P S N van Rossum, H van Veer, K Al-Naimi, M A Chaudry, M A Cuesta, S S Gisbertz, C A Gutschow, A H Hölscher, M D P Luyer, C Mariette, K Moorthy, G A P Nieuwenhuijzen, M Nilsson, J V Räsänen, P M Schneider, W Schröder, E Cheong, R van Hillegersberg
Evidence suggests that structured training programs for laparoscopic procedures can ensure a safe standard of skill acquisition prior to independent practice. Although minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIO) is technically demanding, no consensus on requirements for training for the MIO procedure exists. The aim of this study is to determine essential steps required for a structured training program in MIO using the Delphi consensus methodology. Eighteen MIO experts from 13 European hospitals were asked to participate in this study...
November 7, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#20
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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