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return to work evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303561/extraforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-the-l5-s1-level-technical-considerations-and-feasibility
#1
Arthur Robert Kurzbuch, Denis Kaech, Pawel Baranowski, Alicja Baranowska, Didier Recoules-Arche
Background Extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ELIF) surgery is a muscle-sparing approach that allows the treatment of various degenerative spinal diseases. It is technical challenging to perform the ELIF approach at the L5-S1 level because the sacral ala obstructs the view of the intervertebral disk space. Methods We reported earlier on the ELIF technique in which the intervertebral disk is targeted at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the midline. In this article we describe the technical process we developed to overcome the anatomic relation between the sacral ala and the intervertebral disk space L5-S1 that hinders the ELIF approach at this level...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303293/is-it-time-for-a-specific-undergraduate-interventional-radiology-curriculum
#2
Zaid Alsafi, Vamsee Bhrugubanda, Sanjeev Ramachandran, Ali Alsafi, Mohamad Hamady
PURPOSE: Interventional radiology (IR) is traditionally underrepresented in undergraduate medical curricula. Final-year medical students ought to be familiar with some common IR procedures in order to make adequate referrals and work-up patients appropriately. We evaluated the knowledge of final-year medical students on common IR procedures and compared it with their knowledge of other specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fourteen-question, single-best-answer questionnaire assessing the knowledge of IR procedures and other minimally invasive non-IR procedures was administered to a group of final-year medical students...
March 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302072/imported-arboviral-infections-in-italy-july-2014-october-2015-a-national-reference-laboratory-report
#3
Claudia Fortuna, Maria Elena Remoli, Caterina Rizzo, Eleonora Benedetti, Cristiano Fiorentini, Antonino Bella, Claudio Argentini, Francesca Farchi, Concetta Castilletti, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Alessandro Bartoloni, Nadia Zanchetta, Maria Rita Gismondo, Luca Ceccherini Nelli, Giustina Vitale, Franco Baldelli, Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Giuseppe Sodano, Giovanni Rezza, Giulietta Venturi
BACKGROUND: Imported cases of infections due to Dengue (DENV) and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses and, more recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) are commonly reported among travelers returning from endemic regions. In areas where potentially competent vectors are present, the risk of autochthonous transmission of these vector-borne pathogens is relatively high. Laboratory surveillance is crucial to rapidly detect imported cases in order to reduce the risk of transmission. This study describes the laboratory activity performed by the National Reference Laboratory for Arboviruses (NRLA) at the Italian National Institute of Health in the period from July 2014 to October 2015...
March 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299536/associations-between-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-and-return-to-work-a-prospective-study
#4
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Chris Jensen, Ottar Vasseljen, Tore Braathen, Roar Johnsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To explore the usefulness of the Readiness for return to work scale in individuals participating in occupational rehabilitation, by assessing the association between the scale and return to work (RTW), and comparing the scale to a question assessing individuals' expectations about length of sick leave. Method Prospective cohort study with 9 months follow-up. Participants took part in one of two randomized clinical trials. Associations between the Readiness for RTW scale and RTW was analyzed using linear and logistic regression, with adjustment for age, gender and education...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296510/multidisciplinary-outpatient-treatment-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#5
Eirik Vikane, Torgeir Hellstrøm, Cecilie Røe, Erik Bautz-Holter, Jörg Aßmus, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary outpatient follow-up programme compared to follow-up by a general practitioner for patients being at-risk or sick-listed with persistent post-concussion symptoms two months after a mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-one patients, 16-56 years. METHODS: Multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation with individual contacts and a psycho-educational group intervention at two outpatient rehabilitation clinics compared to follow-up by a general practitioner after the multidisciplinary examination...
March 15, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296365/-clinical-and-radiological-results-of-non-fusion-by-static-interspinous-spacer
#6
Juan Enrique Guzmán-Carranza, Amado González-Moga, Leonardo Álvarez-Vázquez, Gabriel Huerta-Hernández, Abraham Isáis-Gómez, Víctor Galicia-Luna, Víctor Hugo Anaya-Contreras
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the clinical and radiological results of non-fusion in patients with degenerative disc disease and lumbar by placing static interspinous spacer. METHODS: A retrospective study was made in the period between January 2010 and January 2013, 130 patients were treated by placing static interspinous spacer. Patients were divided into: Group 1 (treated for diagnosis of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis), and group 2 (those diagnosed with lumbar disc herniation)...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295125/treatment-of-locked-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-bone-defect
#7
Yousuf M Khira, Adel M Salama
Locked posterior shoulder dislocation is an uncommon condition and is associated with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion in 50% of cases. The condition is likely to occur in cases of violent trauma, seizures, or electric shock. Unrecognized dislocation with humeral head fracture affects joint function and humeral head vascularity and may lead to chronic instability, osteonecrosis, and osteoarthritis. A group of 12 patients, including 10 men and 2 women, with neglected locked posterior shoulder dislocation with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion were treated with the modified McLaughlin technique...
March 14, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291522/fractures-and-dislocations-of-the-hand-in-polytrauma-patients-incidence-injury-pattern-and-functional-outcome
#8
Steven Ferree, Quirine M J van der Vliet, Mark van Heijl, Roderick M Houwert, Luke P H Leenen, Falco Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Injuries of the hand can cause significant functional impairment, diminished quality of life and delayed return to work. However, the incidence and functional outcome of hand injuries in polytrauma patients is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, distribution and functional outcome of fractures and dislocation of the hand in polytrauma patients. METHODS: A single centre retrospective cohort study was performed at a level 1 trauma centre...
March 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290942/increased-postdeployment-use-of-medication-for-common-mental-disorders-in-danish-gulf-war-veterans
#9
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Jacob Louis Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
BACKGROUND: Gulf War veterans (GWVs) have an elevated risk of reporting symptoms of mental disorders as compared with nondeployed military controls. A difficulty in the Gulf War health research is that most health outcomes are self-reported; therefore, it is highly relevant to study objective outcomes in this line of research. The Danish National Prescription Registry provides an opportunity to use the prescription of drugs as an objective evaluation of the impact of mental health disorders at the individual level...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290939/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-and-white-matter-abnormality-findings-in-service-members-with-persistent-cognitive-symptoms-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
David F Tate, Maria Gusman, Jonathan Kini, Matthew Reid, Carmen S Velez, Ann Marie Drennon, Douglas B Cooper, Jan E Kennedy, Amy O Bowles, Erin D Bigler, Jeffrey D Lewis, John Ritter, Gerald E York
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a major health concern among active duty service members and Veterans returning from combat operations, and it can result in variable clinical and cognitive outcomes. Identifying biomarkers that can improve diagnosis and prognostication has been at the forefront of recent research efforts. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of abnormalities identified using more traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences such as fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) to more advanced MRI sequences such as susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) among a cohort of active duty service members experiencing persistent cognitive symptoms after mTBI...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290742/patients-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-myomas-a-pilot-study-from-a-large-european-city
#11
Matthias David, Miriam Alpheus, Heribert Kentenich
INTRODUCTION: Patients usually develop subjective concepts about their illness, which then influences their further health behaviors and treatment decisions. This study aimed to evaluate several possible patient beliefs about the causal factors of illness, in a large sample of women seeking treatment for myomas. METHODS: From November 2011 to October 2013, all patients at a specialized myoma clinic in a large European city were surveyed about their beliefs about the causes of myomas...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288501/abdominal-pain-cramping-or-discomfort-impairs-quality-of-life-in-women-an-internet-based-observational-pilot-study-focussing-on-impact-of-treatment
#12
Paul Enck, Ursula Koehler, Harald Weigmann, Stefan Mueller-Lissner
Background Abdominal pain, cramping, and discomfort (APCD) are experienced by up to 30 % of adults in Europe. Objective To assess the impact of APCD on quality of life (QoL) and to investigate the effectiveness, tolerability, and impact on QoL of hyoscine butylbromide (HBB, Buscopan(®)) compared with STW 5 (Iberogast(®)) or analgesics in women with APCD. Methods An internet-based observational pilot study was conducted in Germany in women who had predominantly used HBB, STW 5, or analgesics (n = 240 per treatment) to treat APCD...
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286846/familiarity-of-physicians-and-nurses-with-different-aspects-of-oxygen-therapy-a-brief-report
#13
Reza Goharani, MirMohammad Miri, Mehran Kouchek, Mohammad Sistanizad
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen is a drug and physician and nurses should be familiar with the effects and potential risks of oxygen therapy. The current study aimed to assess familiarity of physicians and nurses with various aspects of oxygen therapy. METHOD: In this cross sectional study, the familiarity of physicians and nurses with various aspects of oxygen therapy in a teaching hospital was evaluated using a validated questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283174/real-time-rula-assessment-using-kinect-v2-sensor
#14
Vito Modesto Manghisi, Antonio Emmanuele Uva, Michele Fiorentino, Vitoantonio Bevilacqua, Gianpaolo Francesco Trotta, Giuseppe Monno
The evaluation of the exposure to risk factors in workplaces and their subsequent redesign represent one of the practices to lessen the frequency of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. In this paper we present K2RULA, a semi-automatic RULA evaluation software based on the Microsoft Kinect v2 depth camera, aimed at detecting awkward postures in real time, but also in off-line analysis. We validated our tool with two experiments. In the first one, we compared the K2RULA grand-scores with those obtained with a reference optical motion capture system and we found a statistical perfect match according to the Landis and Koch scale (proportion agreement index = 0...
March 7, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279312/the-role-of-post-resuscitation-electrocardiogram%C3%A2-in-patients-with%C3%A2-st-segment%C3%A2-changes-in-the-immediate%C3%A2-post-cardiac-arrest-period
#15
Youn-Jung Kim, Sun-Yang Min, Dong Hun Lee, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Hui Jai Lee, Jonghwan Shin, Byuk Sung Ko, Shin Ahn, Gi-Byoung Nam, Kyoung Soo Lim, Won Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate the role of post-resuscitation electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients showing significant ST-segment changes on the initial ECG and to provide useful diagnostic indicators for physicians to determine in which out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients brain computed tomography (CT) should be performed before emergency coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: The usefulness of immediate brain CT and ECG for all resuscitated patients with nontraumatic OHCA remains controversial...
March 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273232/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-return-to-work-self-efficacy-questionnaire
#16
João Silvestre Silva, Rosane Härter Griep, Suzanne E Lagerveld, Frida Marina Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the translation and early stages of cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire Verwachtingen over werken (or "Return-to-work self-efficacy") for workers in sick leave due to mental disorders, from the original in Dutch to the Brazilian Portuguese language. METHODS: A panel gathering experts was formed to determine the questionnaire conceptual and item equivalence. For semantic equivalence, the Dutch-Portuguese Brazilian translations were consolidated and consensus meetings were held to structure versions of the instrument...
March 2, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272149/plasticity-of-auricular-cartilage-in-response-to-hormone-therapy
#17
Patrick S Cottler, Matthew D McLeod, Jesse L Payton, Angela Pineros-Fernandez, Jonathan S Black
INTRODUCTION: Correction of auricular deformities can be accomplished through splinting within the first few weeks of life. This is hypothesized to be due to retained circulating maternal estrogens decreasing the structural density of collagen; however, this has not been fully tested. Cartilage elasticity is dependent on the concentration of the proteoglycan aggregate, and hyaluronic acid, a constituent of proteoglycan aggregate, is increased by estrogens. Nonsurgical correction of these deformities in more developed patients has the potential to change clinical practice and eliminate surgical risks...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267008/endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-combined-with-crystalized-phenol-application-may-prevent-recurrence
#18
Ibrahim Ethem Gecim, Utku Ufuk Goktug, Haydar Celasin
BACKGROUND: No single treatment yet exists for pilonidal disease that has a short healing time, good cosmetic results, and a low rate of recurrence. Phenol crystal application and diathermy ablation through an endoscope have been used for the treatment of pilonidal disease, but this cohort is the first one to combine them. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety, effectiveness, and short- and long-term outcomes of crystalized phenol treatment combined with endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment for pilonidal disease...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266121/reigniting-compassion-into-healthcare-manaakitia-reflective-rounds
#19
S Shah, I Lambrecht, A O'Callaghan
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of monthly case-based, staff-support reflective rounds to discuss complex emotional and psychosocial issues that arise in caring for patients and families. METHODS: At Auckland City Hospital, a pilot programme called Manaakitia Reflective Rounds was delivered between April 2014 and September 2015. These were facilitated one-hour monthly case-based staff support groups to discuss complex emotional and psychosocial issues in caring for patients...
March 7, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259403/evaluation-of-the-national-research-council-2001-dairy-model-and-derivation-of-new-prediction-equations-1-digestibility-of-fiber-fat-protein-and-nonfiber-carbohydrate
#20
R R White, Y Roman-Garcia, J L Firkins, M J VandeHaar, L E Armentano, W P Weiss, T McGill, R Garnett, M D Hanigan
Evaluation of ration balancing systems such as the National Research Council (NRC) Nutrient Requirements series is important for improving predictions of animal nutrient requirements and advancing feeding strategies. This work used a literature data set (n = 550) to evaluate predictions of total-tract digested neutral detergent fiber (NDF), fatty acid (FA), crude protein (CP), and nonfiber carbohydrate (NFC) estimated by the NRC (2001) dairy model. Mean biases suggested that the NRC (2001) lactating cow model overestimated true FA and CP digestibility by 26 and 7%, respectively, and under-predicted NDF digestibility by 16%...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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