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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679359/the-impact-of-national-policies-on-animal-disease-reporting-within-selected-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-picts
#1
Andrew Tukana, Robert Hedlefs, Bruce Gummow
A semi-systematic literature review of national policies was carried out in relation to surveillance and disease reporting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It also analysed the animal disease reporting structures in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of those reporting structures were examined in relation to how they impacted the detection and management of animal diseases in PICTs. Field missions collected information on animal disease reporting structures and these were discussed in detail with country officials and documented...
April 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674010/one-step-intraoperative-radiotherapy-optimizes-conservative-treatment-of-breast-cancer-with-advantages-in-quality-of-life-and-work-resumption
#2
Luca Sorrentino, Susanna Fissi, Ilaria Meaglia, Daniela Bossi, Ottavia Caserini, Serena Mazzucchelli, Marta Truffi, Sara Albasini, Paola Tabarelli, Marco Liotta, Giovanni B Ivaldi, Fabio Corsi
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) could be not-inferior to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in selected patients, but toxicities, self-perception of body image, quality of life, and resumption of work or daily activities have been poorly explored. The aim of the present study was to compare these outcomes between EBRT, IORT full-dose (IORT-f) and IORT boost (IORT-b). METHODS: 443 consecutive patients, candidates for breast-conserving surgery, were included: EBRT was performed in 220 patients (49...
April 16, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671085/-gerontopsychosomatic-consultation-liaison-service-in-inpatient-acute-geriatrics-effects-of-trust-and-support-on-patient-nurse-interaction
#3
REVIEW
Reinhard Lindner
BACKGROUND: Geriatric and psychosomatic medicine follow a biopsychosocial paradigm. Despite this similar "Menschenbild" in general, collaboration between geriatrics and psychosomatics is still rare. OBJECTIVES: This comparative interventional study aims to find possible effects of psychosomatic work in geriatrics on the interaction between patients and nursing staff and contentment of patients with treatment in general. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period of one year 238 geriatric patients (return rate 22...
April 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#4
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670382/clinical-outcomes-and-health-care-utilization-pre-and-post-laparoscopic-radiofrequency-ablation-of-symptomatic-fibroids-and-laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-randomized-trial-of-uterine-sparing-techniques-trust-in-canada
#5
Darrien D Rattray, Laura Weins, Lexy C Regush, James M Bowen, Daria O'Reilly, John A Thiel
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of fibroids (Lap-RFA) and laparoscopic myomectomy in terms of 1) health care utilization and 2) serious complication rates. The secondary objectives were comparison of subject responses to validated symptom and quality-of-life questionnaires. We hypothesized that Lap-RFA health care utilization and clinical outcomes would not be worse than those of laparoscopic myomectomy in the aggregate...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669146/impact-of-scribes-on-medical-student-education-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#6
Julia Hafer, Xibin Wu, Steven Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medical scribes are an increasingly popular strategy for reducing clerical burden, but little is known about their effect on medical student education. We aimed to evaluate the impact of scribes on medical students' self-reported learning experience. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study. Participants were medical students (third and fourth years) on a family medicine clerkship who worked with an attending physician who practiced with a scribe...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667853/evaluation-and-management-of-subchondral-calcium-phosphate-injection-technique-to-treat-bone-marrow-lesion
#7
Diego Costa Astur, Eduardo Vasconcelos de Freitas, Pedro Barreira Cabral, Caio Carvalho Morais, Bruno Silveira Pavei, Camila Cohen Kaleka, Pedro Debieux, Moises Cohen
Purpose This study aimed to compile available data in medical literature about subchondral calcium phosphate injection, comparing results obtained with this technique, as well as indications, complications, and other important factors in treatment of bone marrow lesions. Designs A literature review using PubMed and Medline database in order to identify works with terms "subchondral calcium phosphate injection," " subchondroplasty®," "bone marrow lesion," and "knee." Eight relevant articles were found...
April 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661270/systematic-review-of-the-evidence-related-to-mandated-nurse-staffing-ratios-in-acute-hospitals
#8
Richard Olley, Ian Edwards, Mark Avery, Helen Cooper
Objective The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate and summarise available research on nurse staffing methods and relate these to outcomes under three overarching themes of: (1) management of clinical risk, quality and safety; (2) development of a new or innovative staffing methodology; and (3) equity of nursing workload. Methods The PRISMA method was used. Relevant articles were located by searching via the Griffith University Library electronic catalogue, including articles on PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Medline...
April 17, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657481/getting-back-in-the-game-after-humeral-head-resurfacing
#9
Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Thomas Bruckner, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang
Background: Aim of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing humeral head resurfacing (HHR) surgery are able to successfully return to their sports and occupation afterwards. Materials and methods: Fifty patients treated with CUP (HHR) arthroplasty were included. Two groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports less than 5 years prior surgery (Group 1: n = 42 (84%)) and patients who have never participated in sports (Group 2: n = 8 (16%))...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648604/umls-to-dbpedia-link-discovery-through-circular-resolution
#10
John Cuzzola, Ebrahim Bagheri, Jelena Jovanovic
Objective: The goal of this work is to map Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) concepts to DBpedia resources using widely accepted ontology relations from the Simple Knowledge Organization System (skos:exactMatch, skos:closeMatch) and from the Resource Description Framework Schema (rdfs:seeAlso), as a result of which a complete mapping from UMLS (UMLS 2016AA) to DBpedia (DBpedia 2015-10) is made publicly available that includes 221 690 skos:exactMatch, 26 276 skos:closeMatch, and 6 784 322 rdfs:seeAlso mappings...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644920/sick-listed-workers-expectations-about-and-experiences-with-independent-medical-evaluation-a-qualitative-interview-study-from-norway
#11
Aase Aamland, Silje Maeland
PURPOSE: To reduce the country's sick leave rate, Norwegian politicians have suggested independent medical evaluations (IMEs) for sick-listed workers. IME was tested in a large, randomized controlled trial in one Norwegian county (Evaluation of IME in Norway, or 'the NIME trial'). The current study´s aim was to explore sick-listed workers' expectations about and experiences with participating in an IME. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine individual semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624450/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-evaluation-management-and-outcomes-of-and-return-to-play-criteria-for-overhead-athletes-with-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-injuries
#12
Lori A Michener, Jeffrey S Abrams, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Sue Falsone, Kevin G Laudner, Edward G McFarland, James E Tibone, Charles A Thigpen, Timothy L Uhl
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the diagnosis, management, outcomes, and return to play of athletes with superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) injuries. BACKGROUND:   In overhead athletes, SLAP tears are common as either acute or chronic injuries. The clinical guidelines presented here were developed based on a systematic review of the current evidence and the consensus of the writing panel. Clinicians can use these guidelines to inform decision making regarding the diagnosis, acute and long-term conservative and surgical treatment, and expected outcomes of and return-to-play guidelines for athletes with SLAP injuries...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624081/metal-resurfacing-inlay-implant-for-osteochondral-talar-defects-after-failed-previous-surgery-a-midterm-prospective-follow-up-study
#13
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Inge C M van Eekeren, Rogier M Gerards, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Treatment of osteochondral talar defects (OCDs) after failed previous surgery is challenging. Promising short-term results have been reported with use of a metal resurfacing inlay implant. PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of the metal implant for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We prospectively studied all patients who met the inclusion criteria and received a metal resurfacing inlay implant between 2007 and 2014...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623420/cancer-survivors-experiences-of-a-community-based-cancer-specific-exercise-programme-results-of-an-exploratory-survey
#14
Susan Catt, J Sheward, E Sheward, H Harder
PURPOSE: Exercise levels often decline following cancer diagnosis despite growing evidence of its benefits. Treatment side effects, older age, lack of confidence and opportunity to exercise with others in similar circumstances influence this. Our study explored the experiences of people attending a cancer-specific community-based exercise programme (CU Fitter™). METHODS: A survey distributed to those attending the programme gathered demographic/clinical information, self-reported exercise levels, information provision and barriers to/benefits of exercise...
April 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616342/evaluation-of-metal-removal-efficiency-and-its-influence-in-the-physicochemical-parameters-at-two-sewage-treatment-plants
#15
Angelo R F Pipi, Aroldo G Magdalena, Giselda P Giafferis, Gustavo H R da Silva, Marina Piacenti-Silva
In sewage treatment plants, physicochemical parameters are highly controlled since treated sewage can be returned to water bodies or reused. In addition, pollutants such as heavy metals also deserve attention due to their potential toxicity. In general, these characteristics of sewage and treated water are evaluated independently, with the support of Brazilian legislation that does not require a routine for the analysis of metals as frequent as for the physicochemical parameters. In this work, 66 samples of raw sewage, treated sewage, and effluents from two treatment plants in the city of Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil, were evaluated to assess the efficiency of the treatment plants in the removal of metals...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604084/behavioral-decoding-of-working-memory-items-inside-and-outside-the-focus-of-attention
#16
Remington Mallett, Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock
How we attend to our thoughts affects how we attend to our environment. Holding information in working memory can automatically bias visual attention toward matching information. By observing attentional biases on reaction times to visual search during a memory delay, it is possible to reconstruct the source of that bias using machine learning techniques and thereby behaviorally decode the content of working memory. Can this be done when more than one item is held in working memory? There is some evidence that multiple items can simultaneously bias attention, but the effects have been inconsistent...
March 31, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603057/the-dysphagia-in-stroke-protocol-reduces-aspiration-pneumonia-in-patients-with-dysphagia-following-acute-stroke-a-clinical-audit
#17
Sarah E Perry, Anna Miles, John N Fink, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
Cough reflex testing has been evaluated as a component of the clinical swallowing assessment as a means of identifying patients at risk of aspiration during swallowing. A previous study by our research group found good sensitivity and specificity of the cough reflex test for identifying patients at risk of aspiration post-stroke, yet its use did not decrease pneumonia rates, contrary to previous reports. The aim of this study was to expand on our earlier work by implementing a clinical management protocol incorporating cough reflex testing within the same healthcare setting and compare patient outcomes to those from the original study and to evaluate clinical outcomes in patients with acute stroke who were managed using the Dysphagia in Stroke Protocol (DiSP)...
March 30, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603009/endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Sameh Hany Emile, Hossam Elfeki, Mostafa Shalaby, Ahmad Sakr, Valentina Giaccaglia, Pierpaolo Sileri, Steven D Wexner
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease (SPD) is a common surgical condition for which a multitude of surgical treatments have been described. The present review aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel endoscopic procedure for the treatment of SPD. METHODS: An organized literature search was conducted. Electronic databases including PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for articles that assessed the endoscopic treatment for SPD...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595630/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-treatment-of-comminuted-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-with-a-new-implant
#19
Yan Shi, Gao-Feng Wang, Kai Mei, Jie Zhang, Chang-Jun Yun, Chen Qian, Jun-Ying Sun
This study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic treatment outcomes of comminuted Mason type II radial head fractures, which underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using a new implant (mother-child screw, MCS).This study included 16 patients (7 male and 9 female patients; mean age: 40.9 years, age range: 19-68 years), who were treated with ORIF, followed by MCS fixation for comminuted type II radial head fractures. The clinical results were evaluated using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593839/optimal-early-active-mobilisation-protocol-after-extensor-tendon-repairs-in-zones-v-and-vi-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Shirley Jf Collocott, Edel Kelly, Richard F Ellis
Introduction: Early mobilisation protocols after repair of extensor tendons in zone V and VI provide better outcomes than immobilisation protocols. This systematic review investigated different early active mobilisation protocols used after extensor tendon repair in zone V and VI. The purpose was to determine whether any one early active mobilisation protocol provides superior results. Methods: An extensive literature search was conducted to identify articles investigating the outcomes of early active mobilisation protocols after extensor tendon repair in zone V and VI...
March 2018: Hand Therapy
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