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Pediatric cataract surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537643/long-term-outcomes-of-primary-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-patients-aged-7-to-24-months
#1
Allison G Yeh, Lingkun Kong, Kimberly G Yen
PURPOSE: To report long-term outcomes of primary intraocular lens (IOL) placement in patients aged 7 to 24 months. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 27 consecutive patients (28 eyes) aged 7 to 24 months who underwent cataract surgery with primary IOL placement. RESULTS: Average follow-up was 62.7 ± 41.7 months and the mean age of surgery was 14.4 ± 5.6 months. Mean final visual acuity was 1.02 ± 0.72 logMAR (20/209). Adverse events occurred in 7 eyes (25%) and included visual axis opacification in 6 eyes and pupillary block glaucoma in 1 eye...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529695/training-strategies-and-outcomes-of-ab-interno-trabeculectomy-with-the-trabectome
#2
Katherine Fallano, Igor Bussel, Larry Kagemann, Kira L Lathrop, Nils Loewen
Plasma-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy with the trabectome was first approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2004 for use in adult and pediatric glaucomas. Since then, increased clinical experience and updated outcome data have led to its expanded use, including a range of glaucomas and angle presentations, previously deemed to be relatively contraindicated. The main benefits are a high degree of safety, ease, and speed compared to traditional filtering surgery and tube shunts. The increasing burden of glaucoma and expanding life expectancy has resulted in demand for well-trained surgeons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457292/visual-outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-bilateral-infantile-cataracts-and-nystagmus
#3
Charlene Crockett, Kathryn A Camero, Lingkun Kong, Kimberly G Yen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of cataract surgery in pediatric patients presenting with bilateral infantile cataracts and nystagmus. DESIGN: Retrospective case study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen pediatric patients who presented between September 2002 and February 2014 at a single tertiary care institution. METHODS: Patients were included if they presented with bilateral visually significant cataracts and preoperative manifest nystagmus and had no other systemic or ocular condition that could explain the presence of the nystagmus...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440249/innovations-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#4
Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar, Ganesh Pillay, Esha Agarwal, Manish Mahabir
Advances in technology have made surgery in children safer and faster. The management of pediatric cataract has made rapid progress in the past decade with the availability of safer anesthesia, newer technique's, more predictable intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation, a better understanding of neurobiology, genetics, amblyopia management, improved IOL designs for preventing visual axis opacification, and adjuvant postoperative care. Modern vitrectomy machines with minimally invasive instruments, radiofrequency, diathermy, and plasma blades help immensely in complicated cases...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301497/long-term-outcomes-of-ciliary-sulcus-versus-capsular-bag-fixation-of-intraocular-lenses-in-children-an-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-study
#5
Yun-E Zhao, Xian-Hui Gong, Xue-Ning Zhu, He-Ming Li, Meng-Jun Tu, Terry G Coursey, Stephen C Pflugfelder, Feng Gu, Ding Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of ciliary sulcus versus capsular bag fixation of intraocular lenses (IOLs) in children after pediatric cataract surgery. METHODS: IOL was implanted in the ciliary sulcus in 21 eyes of 14 children, and in the capsular bag in 19 eyes of 12 children for the treatment of pediatric cataract in an institutional setting. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was performed. Main outcome measures included IOL decentration, IOL tilt, anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance at 500 μm (AOD500), trabecular-iris angle (TIA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), and incidence of postoperative complications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254440/combined-vitrectomy-and-glaucoma-drainage-device-implantation-surgical-approach-for-complex-pediatric-glaucomas
#6
Cem Ozgonul, Cagri G Besirli, Brenda L Bohnsack
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy of combined vitrectomy with posteriorly placed glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in children. METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent vitrectomy with posteriorly placed GDD were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with a minimum of 6 months' follow-up were included. The first eye operated on for each patient was analyzed. Success was defined as IOP of 5-20 mm Hg and no additional IOP-lowering surgery or visually devastating complications...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254265/outcomes-of-pediatric-cataract-surgery-with-triamcinolone-assisted-vitrectomy
#7
Tzu-Hsun Tsai, Chia-Ying Tsai, Jehn-Yu Huang, Fung-Rong Hu
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and triamcinolone-assisted vitrectomy for congenital cataract. METHODS: This retrospective study included 34 patients younger than 72 months who underwent lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and triamcinolone-assisted vitrectomy with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for cataract at the National Taiwan University Hospital from July 2006 to December 2012...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224290/pediatric-ocular-trauma-score-as-a-prognostic-tool-in-the-management-of-pediatric-traumatic-cataracts
#8
Mehul A Shah, Rupesh Agrawal, Ryan Teoh, Shreya M Shah, Kashyap Patel, Satyam Gupta, Siddharth Gosai
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and validate the pediatric ocular trauma score (POTS) - a mathematical model to predict visual outcome trauma in children with traumatic cataract METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, medical records of consecutive children with traumatic cataracts aged 18 and below were retrieved and analysed. Data collected included age, gender, visual acuity, anterior segment and posterior segment findings, nature of surgery, treatment for amblyopia, follow-up, and final outcome was recorded on a precoded data information sheet...
February 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220849/the-long-term-anterior-segment-configuration-after-pediatric-cataract-surgery-and-the-association-with-secondary-glaucoma
#9
Ding Chen, Xian-Hui Gong, He Xie, Xue-Ning Zhu, Jin Li, Yun-E Zhao
Secondary glaucoma constitutes major sight-threatening complication of pediatric cataract surgery, yet the etiology remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term anterior segment configuration and the association with secondary glaucoma in pediatric pseudophakia. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was performed on 40 eyes of 26 children underwent pediatric cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance at 500 μm (AOD500), trabecular-iris angle (TIA), central corneal thickness (CCT), structural abnormities, IOL position, IOP, and incidence of glaucoma were evaluated...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182152/trypan-blue-assisted-posterior-capsulorhexis-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#10
Ayman Lotfy, Ayman Abdelrahman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of staining the posterior capsule with trypan blue during capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective randomized comparative study carried out at Alpha Vision Center, Zagazig, Egypt. This study included 2 groups of children with pediatric cataract randomly allocated to undergo irrigation and aspiration. In the trypan group, which included 11 eyes, trypan blue was used to stain the posterior capsule during posterior capsulorhexis...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063099/comparative-study-of-25-versus-20-gauge-pars-plana-capsulotomy-and-vitrectomy-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#12
Anju Rastogi, Manisha Mishra, Yashpal Goel, Prolima Thacker, Kamlesh
PURPOSE: To compare 25- and 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for the management of pediatric cataract. METHODS: 20 eyes of 15 patients were randomly divided into two groups to undergo pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy by either 25-gauge (group A) or 20-gauge (group B) PPV after lens aspiration and IOL implantation. The two groups were compared for total surgical time, time taken in doing pars plana capsulotomy and vitrectomy, and the size of posterior capsulotomy...
January 6, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058161/posterior-capsular-opacification-in-preschool-and-school-age-patients-after-pediatric-cataract-surgery-without-posterior-capsulotomy
#13
Muhammed Batur, Adem Gül, Erbil Seven, Ertuğrul Can, Tekin Yaşar
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the development of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in preschool- and school-age children with cataract who underwent cataract surgery without posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 30 eyes of 21 patients who underwent pediatric cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' age, PCO status and duration, need for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment based on coverage of visual axis, and follow-up period were recorded...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042714/current-status-of-iol-implantation-in-pediatric-eyes-an-update
#14
Abhay R Vasavada, Vaishali Vasavada
Pediatric cataracts are a huge problem worldwide, and with improving techniques and technology, the surgical treatment and postoperative visual rehabilitation are improving. Despite intraocular lenses(IOLs) being the standard of care for adult cataract surgery, this issue is still somewhat controversial, particularly in young children and infants due to lack of unequivocal evidence. This review therefore summarises the findings from recent studies on the aspect of IOL implantation in pediatric eyes. Areas covered: An extensive literature search was undertaken for published articles on congenital/developmental pediatric cataracts, and IOL implantation, where literature pertinent to traumatic and subluxated cataracts was not included in the review...
January 2, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007109/trypan-blue-as-a-surgical-adjunct-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#15
Gabrielle Fridman, Allison E Rizzuti, Jewel Liao, Mark Rolain, James A Deutsch, Stephen C Kaufman
PURPOSE: To study the effect of trypan blue on lens capsule elasticity and ease of completing a continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) in a sheep lens model and to subsequently observe the effects of trypan blue in the surgical setting of 3 pediatric patients. SETTING: State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Twenty-four lenses were excised from fresh sheep globes...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968868/timing-and-approaches-in-congenital-cataract-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Weirong Chen, Erping Long, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Zhuoling Lin, Qianzhong Cao, Xiaohang Wu, Qiwei Wang, Duoru Lin, Xiaoyan Li, Lixia Luo, Bo Qu, Haotian Lin, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: The optimum timing of surgery and the approach that should be used during congenital cataract surgery are controversial and present challenges for paediatric cataract surgeons in China. The aim of this study was to compare visual prognoses and postoperative adverse effects of paediatric cataract surgery done at different times and using different surgical approaches. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, we recruited Chinese patients aged 3 months or younger who were diagnosed with bilateral diffuse or total cataracts, but who did not have coexisting ocular, systemic or neurological diseases...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916715/360-degree-trabeculotomy-for-medically-refractory-glaucoma-following-cataract-surgery-and-juvenile-open-angle-glaucoma
#17
Maria E Lim, Jennifer B Dao, Sharon F Freedman
PURPOSE: Although angle surgeries show good success in primary congenital glaucoma, reported success in glaucoma following cataract surgery (GFCS) and juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG) is variable and with relatively short follow-up. We evaluated longer-term outcomes of 360-degree trabeculotomy for medically refractory GFCS and JOAG. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: First operated eyes of consecutive patients with medically refractory GFCS and JOAG in a single-surgeon pediatric glaucoma practice who underwent illuminated microcatheter-assisted 360-degree trabeculotomy from February 2008 to June 2015 were reviewed...
March 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916450/dramatic-response-after-functional-hemispherectomy-in-a-patient-with-epileptic-encephalopathy-carrying-a-de-novo-col4a1-mutation
#18
Naomi Hino-Fukuyo, Atsuo Kikuchi, Masaki Iwasaki, Yuko Sato, Yuki Kubota, Tomoko Kobayashi, Tojo Nakayama, Kazuhiro Haginoya, Natsuko Arai-Ichinoi, Tetsuya Niihori, Ryo Sato, Tasuku Suzuki, Hiroki Kudo, Ryo Funayama, Keiko Nakayama, Yoko Aoki, Shigeo Kure
We describe the first case of a successful functional hemispherectomy in a patient with epileptic encephalopathy and a de novo collagen type IV alpha 1 (COL4A1) mutation. A 4-year-old girl was COL4A1 mutation-positive and suffered from drug-resistant epilepsy, hemiplegia, and developmental delay. Magnetic resonance imaging detected no porencephaly, and she had no cataract or renal abnormality. Following a presurgical evaluation for epilepsy, she underwent a functional hemispherectomy. She has been seizure free with no intracranial hemorrhage or other perioperative complications...
April 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826065/image-features-of-lens-opacity-in-pediatric-cataracts-using-ultrasound-biomicroscopy
#19
Daoman Xiang, Lihong Chen, Lanxiang Hu, Shengfang Song, Wanhua Xie, Jingji Long
PURPOSE: To study lens opacity in pediatric cataract images captured using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). METHODS: The medical records of patients operated on from September 2012 to October 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Prior to surgery, patients were placed in the supine position under sedation with oral chloral hydrate for UBM imaging. Lens morphology was evaluated by UBM examination with a 50 MHz probe that was equipped with a water bag instead of the standard plastic shell...
December 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818207/validation-of-guidelines-for-undercorrection-of-intraocular-lens-power-in-children
#20
Virender Sachdeva, Sushma Katukuri, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Merle Fernandes, Mohammed Hasnat Ali
PURPOSE: Initial undercorrection of intraocular lens (IOL power) is a common practice in children undergoing pediatric cataract surgery. However, the long-term refractive status of these children is largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to analyze the long-term refractive status of these children. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: We analyzed records of children (<7 years of age) who underwent cataract surgery with a primary IOL implantation and had completed follow-up to ≥7 years of age...
February 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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