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Pediatric cataract surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756712/traumatic-cataract-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-experience-in-a-site
#1
Verónica Y Burgos-Elías, Ma José Marroquín-Sarti, Martin A Zimmermann-Paiz, Ana Marissa Ordoñez Rivas, Nancy C Quezada-Del Cid
of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients younger than 14 years who underwent traumatic cataract surgery at the Unit of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus and Neuro-Ophthalmology "Dra. Ana María Illescas Putzeys" of Hospital de Ojos y Oídos "Dr. Rodolfo Robles V." A retrospective, descriptive, and observational study was carried out to review the medical records of patients who underwent cataract surgery between 2010 and 2015. A total of 54 children underwent traumatic cataract surgery; 75% were boys; 68% were in the 6-11-year-old age range...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755521/cataract-as-early-ocular-complication-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#2
REVIEW
Marko Šimunović, Martina Paradžik, Roko Škrabić, Ivana Unić, Kajo Bućan, Veselin Škrabić
Cataract is a rare manifestation of ocular complication at an early phase of T1DM in the pediatric population. The pathophysiological mechanism of early diabetic cataract has not been fully understood; however, there are many theories about the possible etiology including osmotic damage, polyol pathway, and oxidative stress. The prevalence of early diabetic cataract in the population varies between 0.7 and 3.4% of children and adolescents with T1DM. The occurrence of diabetic cataract in most pediatric patients is the first sign of T1DM or occurs within 6 months of diagnosis of T1DM...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709535/long-term-efficacy-of-endoscopic-cyclophotocoagulation-in-the-management-of-glaucoma-following-cataract-surgery-in-children
#3
Adam J Cantor, Jingyun Wang, Shanshan Li, Daniel E Neely, David A Plager
PURPOSE: To report the long-term efficacy of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) in pediatric glaucoma following cataract surgery (GFCS). METHODS: ECP was performed on 35 eyes of 25 patients <16 years of age with GFCS. Patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Treatment failure was defined as consecutive postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) of >24 mm Hg, alternative glaucoma procedure following ECP, or occurrence of visually significant complications...
April 27, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682339/outcome-of-pediatric-cataract-surgeries-in-a-tertiary-center-in-switzerland
#4
Sarah Claudia Ambroz, Marc Töteberg-Harms, James V M Hanson, Jens Funk, Daniel Barthelmes, Christina Gerth-Kahlert
Purpose: To determine and to analyze the outcome of pediatric cataract surgery. Methods: A retrospective chart review of individuals aged up to 10 years who underwent cataract surgery between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, at the UniversityHospital Zurich, Switzerland. Results: 63 children (94 affected eyes) with bilateral (68/94) or unilateral (26/94) cataract were identified. Surgery was performed at a median age of 1.5 months (IQR: 1...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676311/comparative-analysis-of-nonabsorbable-10-0-nylon-sutures-with-absorbable-10-0-vicryl-sutures-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#5
Lav Kochgaway, Sagar Bhargava, Maneesh Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676310/comparative-analysis-of-non-absorbable-10-0-nylon-sutures-with-absorbable-10-0-vicryl-sutures-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#6
Jyoti Matalia, Pratibha Panmand, Pooja Ghalla
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to compare the efficiency as well as the rate and type of suture-related complications between 10-0 monofilament nylon (Aurolab Nylon Sutures, double arm, Aurolab) and 10-0 polyglactin 910 sutures (Vicryl, single arm, Aurolab) for pediatric cataract surgery. Methods: It is a prospective, comparative study performed in children who underwent surgery for congenital or developmental cataract from March 2013 to February 2016. Patients underwent suturing with either nylon or Vicryl in unilateral cases, but in most bilateral surgeries, one eye received Vicryl sutures while the other eye received nylon...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619840/outcome-of-pediatric-cataract-surgery-with-intraocular-injection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ghada Allam, Rasheed Ellakkany, Adel Ellayeh, Tarek Mohsen, Hossam ElDin Abouelkheir, Walid Gaafar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide in pediatric cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens implantation as a vitreous dye to ensure a complete anterior vitrectomy and evaluate its effect on postoperative ocular inflammation, infection, posterior capsule opacification, and intraocular pressure. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial included children diagnosed with bilateral congenital cataract in both eyes. Their eyes were randomly assigned into two groups: group A underwent aspiration, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy with intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide, while group B underwent the same surgical procedure without intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613981/phacomorphic-angle-closure-following-silicone-oil-tamponade-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Victoria C Leung, Simon Fung, Rajeev Muni, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To report a case of phacomorphic glaucoma following retinal detachment repair with silicone oil in a pediatric patient. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A chart review was conducted at St. Michael's Hospital and The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada), where the patient received ophthalmic care from July 28, 2015 onwards. RESULTS: A 14 year-old boy with a history of traumatic retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy in the left eye, requiring two pars plana vitrectomies, membrane peel, and silicone oil tamponade, presented with one-day history of decreased vision in the left eye, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609478/visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-traumatic-cataracts
#9
Jitender Jinagal, Gaurav Gupta, Parul C Gupta, Sonam Yangzes, Rishiraj Singh, Rohit Gupta, Jagat Ram
INTRODUCTION: To report visual outcomes and risk factors of pediatric traumatic cataracts in a tertiary care referral center in northern India. METHODS: We analyzed medical records of traumatic cataracts in the pediatric age group (1-15 years) operated for cataract surgery with or without posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation with or without primary posterior capsulotomy with anterior vitrectomy between 2004 and 2012. Causative agents, types of trauma, demographic factors, surgical interventions, complications, and visual acuity were recorded and compared among different groups...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576890/long-term-results-in-pediatric-developmental-cataract-surgery-with-primary-intraocular-lens-implantation
#10
Elif Demirkılınç Biler, Şeyda Yıldırım, Önder Üretmen, Süheyla Köse
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric developmental cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Materials and Methods: Patients between 2 and 16 years old who underwent cataract surgery with primary IOL implantation were retrospectively evaluated. Age at time of surgery, pre- and postoperative best corrected visual acuities, postoperative ocular complications, and any accompanying ocular pathologies were obtained from the patients' charts...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553467/comparison-of-two-intraocular-lens-implantation-techniques-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery-in-terms-of-postoperative-complications
#11
Mustafa Erdoğan Cicik, Cezmi Doğan, Selim Bölükbaşı, Mehmet Necdet Cinhüseyinoğlu, Osman Şevki Arslan
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cataract surgery differs substantially from adult cataract surgery. Numerous studies have focused on reducing the development of postoperative complications. AIMS: To compare two intraocular lens implantation techniques used in pediatric cataract surgery in terms of postoperative complications. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Patients who underwent pediatric cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation between 2008 and 2016 were evaluated in this retrospective study...
March 15, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502623/refractive-and-visual-outcomes-after-surgery-for-pediatric-traumatic-cataract
#12
Anne-Marie Yardley, Asim Ali, Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, Kamiar Mireskandari
PURPOSE: To describe refractive and visual outcomes of pediatric traumatic cataract requiring surgery and evaluate the factors influencing success. SETTING: Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts of children having lensectomy for traumatic cataract between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2015, were reviewed for demographic information, visual and refractive outcomes, complications, and surgical details...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416453/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-using-desflurane-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#13
Shikha Jain, Sameer Sethi, Babita Ghai, Jagat Ram
Background: In this study, we compared effectiveness of two doses of dexmedetomidine (0.15 μg/kg and 0.3 μg/kg) in preventing desflurane-induced emergence agitation (EA) in pediatric patients undergoing elective cataract surgery. Methods: It is a prospective double-blinded randomized study conducted on 65 American Society of Anesthesiologists 1 children (2-10 years) who underwent elective cataract surgery at our institute. They were randomized into two equal groups, who received either dexmedetomidine 0...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416094/traumatic-cataract-in-children-in-eastern-china-shanghai-pediatric-cataract-study
#14
Yu Du, Wenwen He, Xinghuai Sun, Yi Lu, Xiangjia Zhu
Traumatic cataract is a main cause of visual impairment in pediatric populations and is preventable. Awareness of the causes and consequences of pediatric eye trauma play roles in health education and prevention of blindness. We conducted a retrospective chart review based on 5-year clinical data of pediatric traumatic cataract cases treated at the Eye and Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Clinical features including demographic data, injury mechanism, and causative agents were analyzed...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384564/mitomycin-c-in-filtering-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma-a-comparison-of-exposure-durations
#15
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of two exposure durations of mitomycin C in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at Alexandria Main University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, on 75 eyes with primary congenital glaucoma that underwent combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C application for 1 minute (MMC 1) or 2 minutes (MMC 2) and were followed up for 24 months...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369235/global-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-infantile-cataracts
#16
Euna B Koo, Deborah K VanderVeen, Scott R Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Surveys are an important tool to assess the impact of research on physicians' approach to patient care. This survey was conducted to assess current practice patterns in the management of infantile cataracts in light of the findings of the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study. METHODS: Pediatric ophthalmologists were emailed a link to the survey using newsletters from American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, World Society of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, and the Pediatric Listserv...
January 15, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339916/pediatric-cataract-surgery-with-hydrophilic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-nepalese-children
#17
Srijana Adhikari, Ujjowala D Shrestha
Purpose: To assess the outcome of cataract surgery with hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children with congenital and developmental cataracts. Method: A retrospective review of medical records of children with congenital or developmental cataracts who underwent cataract surgery with hydrophilic IOL implantation, from January 2011 to December 2014 in a tertiary eye hospital in Nepal. Primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL implantation was done in children 8 years or younger, while older children underwent only lens aspiration and IOL implantation...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331455/femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Claudia Corredor-Ortega, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas, María José Montero, Rocío González-Flores, Allan Collura-Merlier, Guadalupe Cervantes-Coste, Erick Mendoza-Schuster, Cecilio Velasco-Barona
Pediatric cataract surgery poses a significant challenge for the cataract surgeon, in part because an elastic anterior capsule can make capsulorhexis difficult. With the use of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS), however, the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis can be made with predictable size, circular shape, centration, and accuracy. In addition, topical anesthesia can be used for the FLACS docking procedure in cooperative children above 6 years of age, using transparent adhesive polyurethane film segments...
January 11, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325387/-clinical-effects-of-pediatric-penetrating-keratoplasty-for-congenital-corneal-opacity
#19
S W Li, C Liu, T H Chen, J H Ning, T Zhang, F J Lyu, M Xu
Objective: To report the clinical results of pediatric penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in patients under 3 years old with congenital corneal opacity. Methods: Retrospective study. Sixteen eyes of 12 patients who were treated with PKP in Aier Eye Hospital Group from June 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled in this study. All the patients were diagnosed as congenital corneal opacities: 8 cases (11 eyes) with Peter's anomaly I, 2 cases (3 eyes) with sclerocornea, and 2 cases (2 eyes) with corneal dermoid tumor combined with iris synechia...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208814/pediatric-cataract
#20
REVIEW
Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar, Ganesh Pillay, Chirakshi Dhull, Esha Agarwal, Manish Mahabir, Pulak Aggarwal
Pediatric cataract is a leading cause of childhood blindness. Untreated cataracts in children lead to tremendous social, economical, and emotional burden to the child, family, and society. Blindness related to pediatric cataract can be treated with early identification and appropriate management. Most cases are diagnosed on routine screening whereas some may be diagnosed after the parents have noticed leukocoria or strabismus. Etiology of pediatric cataract is varied and diagnosis of specific etiology aids in prognostication and effective management...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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