Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatric cataract surgery

Michael X Repka, Trevano W Dean, Elizabeth L Lazar, Kimberly G Yen, Phoebe D Lenhart, Sharon F Freedman, Denise Hug, Bahram Rahmani, Serena X Wang, Raymond T Kraker, David K Wallace
OBJECTIVE: To describe baseline characteristics, initial postoperative refractive errors, operative complications, and magnitude of the intraocular lens (IOL) prediction error for refractive outcome in children undergoing lensectomy largely in North America. DESIGN: Prospective registry study of children from birth to <13 years of age who underwent lensectomy for any reason within 45 days preceding enrollment. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 1266 eyes of 994 children; 49% female and 59% white...
October 18, 2016: Ophthalmology
Zachary P Elkin, W Jordan Piluek, Douglas R Fredrick
PURPOSE: To evaluate the development and treatment of visual axis opacification following pediatric cataract extraction with intraocular lens placement (IOL) without primary posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy (PPC+AV). METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent cataract extraction and IOL at an academic medical center were reviewed retrospectively for development of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) to identify risk factors for development of treatment-requiring posterior capsular opacification...
October 3, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Kruti P Dajee, Jennifer Landau Rossen, Monica L Bratton, Jess T Whitson, Yu-Guang He
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of pediatric uveitis cases at a large tertiary referral center in Dallas, TX, USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective chart review between 2001 and 2011 to identify children with uveitis. RESULTS: A total of 46 children (68 eyes) with uveitis were identified. Sixty-seven percent were Hispanic, and the mean age was 9.2 years. The majority of cases were idiopathic (74%)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Damien Guindolet, Pascal Dureau, Céline Terrada, Catherine Edelson, Amandine Barjol, Georges Caputo, Phuc LeHoang, Bahram Bodaghi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evolution of chronic uveitis in children undergoing cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. METHODS: Twelve children with chronic uveitis underwent cataract surgery with primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. RESULTS: Fourteen eyes were implanted with a foldable hydrophobic acrylic IOL. The mean follow-up was 35.39 months (8.72-69.57). The mean BCDVA before surgery and at the end of follow-up was 1...
September 6, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Sudha K Ganesh, Saurabh Mistry
PURPOSE: To analyze the outcome of phacoemulsification with primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation without primary posterior capsulorhexis in older children with uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective study of children with uveitis who underwent phacoemulsification with IOL implantation between January 2006 and May 2014. RESULTS: Twenty-one eyes of 16 children were included. Mean age at cataract surgery was 10.9 years. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was associated in 37...
September 6, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Yiquan Lin, Ying Chen, Jingxia Huang, Hongbin Chen, Weihua Shen, Wenjun Guo, Qianru Chen, Hongfeng Ling, Xiaoliang Gan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that premedication with a single dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX) could not only reduce preoperative anxiety but also minimize the emergence agitation in children undergoing cataract surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia. DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical comparison study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2 children scheduled for cataract surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Rebecca F Neustein, Beau B Bruce, Allen D Beck
PURPOSE: To report and compare visual and glaucoma outcomes in primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) vs glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery (GFCS). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, comparative case series. METHODS: Setting: Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia. STUDY POPULATION: Pediatric glaucoma patients (age 0-18 years) treated at Emory by 1 clinician with ≥2-year follow-up. Glaucoma was defined according to the 9th Consensus Report of the World Glaucoma Association...
October 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Yung-Sung Lee, Nan-Kai Wang, Yen-Po Chen, Kuan-Jen Chen, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Chi-Chun Lai, Wei-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of using plasmin-assisted vitrectomy in pediatric patients with vitreoretinal diseases. METHODS: We prospectively recruited children aged 16 years or younger who presented with vitreoretinopathies and underwent plasmin-assisted vitrectomy between 2012 and 2013. The main outcome measure was the induction of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) using a suction power of 200 mm Hg or less during surgery. RESULTS: Eleven eyes of 11 patients (mean age: 3...
2016: Ophthalmic Research
V Vasavada, S K Shah, V A Vasavada, A R Vasavada, R H Trivedi, S Srivastava, S A Vasavada
PurposeTo evaluate and compare the accuracy of modern intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulae in pediatric eyes and compare prediction error (PE) obtained with manufacturer's vs personalized lens constant.Patients and methodsAn observational case study was conducted in 117 eyes (117 patients) undergoing pediatric cataract surgery with IOL implantation. PE was calculated as predicted refraction minus actual postoperative refraction, and absolute PE as absolute difference independent of the sign, (APE)=predicted refraction minus actual postoperative refraction...
September 2016: Eye
L A Bonaparte, R H Trivedi, V Ramakrishnan, M E Wilson
PurposeThe objective of this study was to investigate preoperative factors associated with postoperative visual acuity outcomes and to develop a model to predict visual acuity prognosis.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted by reviewing clinical charts of pediatric patients who underwent bilateral cataract surgery by a single surgeon (MEW) at the Storm Eye Institute. A multiple logistic regression model was constructed to predict the odds of poor postoperative visual acuity, that is, worse than 20/40, based on age at surgery, gender, primary intraocular lens (IOL) placement, ethnicity, and preoperative nystagmus...
September 2016: Eye
R David, J Davelman, H Mechoulam, E Cohen, I Karshai, I Anteby
PurposeTo evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of strabismus in children undergoing surgery for unilateral or bilateral cataract with or without intraocular lens implantation.MethodsMedical records of pediatric patients were evaluated from 2000 to 2011. Children undergoing surgery for unilateral or bilateral cataract with at least 1 year of follow-up were included. Children with ocular trauma, prematurity, or co-existing systemic disorders were excluded. The following data were evaluated: strabismus pre- and post-operation; age at surgery; post-operative aphakia or pseudophakia; and visual acuity...
September 2016: Eye
V Sachdeva, S Katukuri, MdH Ali, R Kekunnaya
PurposeAlthough pediatric cataract surgery has become standardized and safe, further surgical interventions are not uncommon. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of complications in children who required an intraocular intervention.MethodsA retrospective review of medical records of children (<7 years) with cataract who underwent cataract surgery with or without primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) placement between January 2006 and December 2014 was carried out. Data were collected regarding visual axis opacification (VAO), glaucoma, IOL decentration, intraocular infections, and other indications that required a second intraocular surgery...
September 2016: Eye
Nisha Chadha, Ji Liu, Jessica S Maslin, Christopher C Teng
BACKGROUND: Resident procedure minimums have been established in surgical training programs to ensure adequate training experience. However, achievement of these minimums may fluctuate. Review of resident experience is essential for maintaining successful training curricula. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in ophthalmology resident surgical experience from 2009 to 2015. METHODS: This was a database study reviewing Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ophthalmology resident surgical case logs...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Meenakshi Swaminathan, Srikanth Ramasubramanian, Rachel Pilling, Junhong Li, Karl Golnik
Pediatric cataract surgical skill assessment is important to ensure the competency of the trainees, especially pediatric ophthalmology fellows. Using a rubric would ensure objectivity in this process. The ICO-OSCAR pediatric cataract surgery rubric has been developed with global variations in techniques of pediatric cataract surgery in mind.
August 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Saemah Nuzhat Zafar
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is one of the toughest organisms to treat, especially in cases where intraocular surgery is contemplated, because the risks are aggravated. Conjunctival swab culture and sensitivity tests are significant when there is history of recent hospitalization. In this report, an infant with successful cataract surgery after elimination of the organism is presented.
2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Chileshe Mboni, Parikshit M Gogate, Ariel Phiri, Asiwome Seneadza, Prasidh Ramson, Halli Manolakos-Tsehisi, Lillian Musonda, Larry Benjamin, Lene Øverland
PURPOSE: To study the outcomes of pediatric cataract surgeries in children operated on in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia and the barriers to accessing surgery. METHODS: All children who had congenital, developmental, and traumatic cataracts operated on by lens aspiration, primary posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation from 2012 to 2013 and followed up beyond 6 months were studied. Each child underwent a comprehensive preoperative evaluation...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
M E Wilson, H O'Halloran, D VanderVeen, J Roarty, D A Plager, K Markwardt, K Gedif, S R Lambert
PurposeTo evaluate safety and efficacy of difluprednate 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion for treatment of postoperative inflammation after cataract surgery in pediatric patients.MethodsThis was a phase 3B, multicentre, randomized, double-masked, active-controlled study of patients aged 0-3 years who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery in one eye, with/without intraocular lens implantation. Patients were randomized to receive difluprednate 0.05% four times daily or prednisolone acetate 1% for 14 days post surgery, followed by tapering for 14 days...
September 2016: Eye
Roseline E Duke, Adedayo Adio, Sidney K Oparah, Friday Odey, Okon A Eyo
PURPOSE: A retrospective study of the outcome of congenital and developmental cataract surgery was conducted in a public child eye health tertiary facility in children <16 years of age in Southern Nigeria, as part of an evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery with or without anterior vitrectomy was performed. The outcome measures were visual acuity (VA) and change (gain) in visual acuity. The age of the child at onset, duration of delay in presentation, ocular co-morbidity, non ocular co-morbidity, gender, and pre operative visual acuity were matched with postoperative visual acuity...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
Sumita Agarkar, Roshani Desai, Malathi Jambulingam, Singh H Sumeer, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: To report the incidence of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery by a single surgeon in children and to describe its microbiological profile, management, and visual outcomes. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent cataract surgery performed by a single surgeon between January 2000 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed to identify those with postoperative endophthalmitis. The primary goals of the study were to describe the incidence of endophthalmitis, microbiological profile, and measure visual acuity after management...
June 23, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
M E Wilson, R H Trivedi, D Tadros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Eye
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"