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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925739/-treatment-of-mandibular-fracture-associated-infectious-pseudarthrosis-accompanied-by-osteomyelitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#1
Soichi Hirashima, Akihiko Miyawaki, Kotaro Oho, Yawaka Shitozawa, Motohiro Arai, Norihiko Furuta, Ryoichi Oya
Peritoneal dialysis can be performed at home, and the transfer of solutes in the blood and other body fluids is slow compared to hemodialysis, reducing the load on the circulatory organs and lessening the frequency of hospital visits. We encountered a male patient in his 70s on peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal failure who developed obsolete mandibular fracture-associated pseudarthrosis accompanied by osteomyelitis, which was treated with noninvasive reduction and fixation using circumferential wiring after the resolution of inflammation...
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895699/lipid-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-infectious-and-all-cause-mortality-international-mondo-study-results
#2
George Kaysen, Xiaoling Ye, Jochen G Raimann, Yuedong Wang, Alice Topping, Len A Usvyat, Stefano Stuard, Bernard Canaud, Frank M van der Sande, Jeroen P Kooman, Peter Kotanko
Cardiovascular events (CV) are increased 36 fold in patients with end stage renal disease. However, randomized controlled trials to lower LDL-C and TC have not shown significant mortality improvements. An inverse association of serum total cholesterol (TC) and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) with all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality has been observed in patients on chronic dialysis. Lipoproteins also may protect against infectious diseases. We used data from 37,250 patients in the international Monitoring Dialysis Outcomes (MONDO) database to evaluate the association between lipids and infection-related or CV mortality...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887267/-immunizations-for-patients-with-kidney-disease
#3
Claire Trivin-Avillach, Éric Thervet
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with significant infectious complications leading to adverse health outcomes. This increased susceptibility to infection can be related to the nephropathy itself as observed in nephrotic syndrome, to the treatment especially in situations requiring immunosuppressive drugs or related to dialysis. Despite a less effective response to vaccination, some data emphasize similar benefits from immunization among people with CKD to the general population. However, some situations encountered in nephrology require adaptation of immunization practices...
June 7, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882111/impact-of-high-mortality-in-incident-dialysis-patients-due-to-hypertensive-nephrosclerosis-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-aichi-japan
#4
Daijo Inaguma, Eri Ito, Kazuo Takahashi, Hiroki Hayashi, Shigehisa Koide, Midori Hasegawa, Yukio Yuzawa
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of patients worldwide require dialysis as a result of hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HTN). However, in Japan, mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not been well by primary kidney disease including HTN and diabetic nephropathy (DN). Hence, we examined the differences in mortality among the primary kidney diseases of incident dialysis patients. METHODS: The study was a multicenter prospective cohort analysis including 1520 incident dialysis patients in Aichi prefecture, Japan...
June 7, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851774/minimal-change-disease-related-to-rifampicin-presenting-with-acute-renal-failure-during-treatment-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-a-case-report
#5
Jee-Seon Kim, Kyong-Ju Kim, Eun-Young Choi
RATIONALE: The standard drugs used to treat tuberculosis are rifampicin and isoniazid. These agents are usually safe and inexpensive for short-term use in treatment of latent tuberculosis infection, but sometimes cause adverse renal effects, including minimal change disease (MCD). PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 51-year-old woman with latent tuberculosis infection who developed nephrotic syndrome during treatment with rifampicin and isoniazid for 25 days. DIAGNOSES: Renal biopsy findings were compatible with MCD, and she had no relevant medical history and was not taking other medications...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850657/dietary-supplement-use-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Marzena Jakimowicz-Tylicka, Michał Chmielewski, Izabella Kuźmiuk-Glembin, Piotr Skonieczny, Grażyna Dijakiewicz, Grażyna Zdrojewska, Bolesław Rutkowski, Leszek Tylicki, Alicja Dębska Ślizień
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements (DS) are available over the counter, but patients with impaired renal function are specifically at risk for toxicity when consuming certain DS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of DS use in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, controlled DS use survey (22 questions) was conducted among 180 CKD patients (stage 1-5, dialysis, kidney transplant), with 60 patients without CKD serving as controls...
May 30, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849964/evaluation-of-salivary-parameters-and-dental-status-in-adult-hemodialysis-patients-in-an-indian-population
#7
Preethesh Shetty, Mithra N Hegde, Sunil M Eraly
Background: Renal failure is a process that expresses a loss of functional capacity of the nephrons, independently of its etiology. The most widely used technique to combat renal failure is hemodialysis. Renal failure causes various systemic alterations including oral complications such as variations in the flow and composition of the saliva. Caries is a multifactorial disease and impaired stimulated salivary flow rate and buffering capacity are the best-known risk factors. The present study aims to evaluate the salivary pH, buffering capacity and the flow rate of saliva to the DMFT status in adult hemodialysis patients among the Indian population...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806379/-safety-and-efficacy-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
Qiang Xiao, Jinlong Li, Kai Zhou, Tingxian Ling, Zongke Zhou, Bin Shen, Jing Yang, Pengde Kang, Fuxing Pei
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: Between December 2009 and May 2016, 30 THAs were performed in 28 patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure (18 patients) or renal transplantation (10 patients). A retrospective case control study was carried out to compare these 28 ESRD patients (ESRD group) with a matched cohort of 28 nonrenal patients (control group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, hip side, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification, comorbidities, and preoperative Harris score and hemoglobin (Hb) level between 2 groups ( P >0...
December 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802505/rate-of-bacteremia-in-the-hemodialysis-patient-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-fever-a-retrospective-chart-review
#9
Nicholas Villalon, Neda Farzan, Kathryn Freeman
BACKGROUND: Infectious disease is the second most common cause of death in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). When presenting to the emergency department (ED) with fever, it remains a diagnostic challenge to distinguish patients with potentially life-threatening bacterial infections from those with less significant causes of fever. The primary goal of this study was to determine the rate of bacteremia in HD patients presenting to the ED with fever. The secondary goal of this study was to identify any independent risk factors associated with bacteremia in the febrile HD patient...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793981/expanding-capd-in-low-resource-settings-a-distance-learning-approach
#10
Robert Rope, Nishantha Nanayakkara, Abdul Wazil, Sewmini Dickowita, Rajitha Abeyeskera, Lishanthe Gunerathne, Dinuka Adoosoriya, Nishamani Karunasena, Charaka Ratnayake, Shuchi Anand, Anjali Saxena
BACKGROUND: Despite growing need, treatment for end-stage renal disease is limited in low- and middle-income countries due to resource restraints. We describe the development of an educational curriculum and quality improvement program to support continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) performed primarily by non-nephrology providers in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We developed a program of education, outcome tracking, and expert consultation to support providers in Kandy, Sri Lanka...
May 23, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775233/dialysis-modality-and-mortality-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#11
Chenchen Zhou, Yaodong Gu, Changlin Mei, Bing Dai, Yi Wang, Cheng Xue
INTRODUCTION: Identifying the appropriate modality between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an unresolved issue in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients. This study aims to illustrate whether the mortality and survival are different among individuals receiving HD comparing PD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure about cohort studies involving PKD patients with end stage renal disease and comparing HD with PD...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771269/upper-gastrointestinal-alterations-in-kidney-transplant-candidates
#12
João Pedro Homse Netto, João Pedro Sant'Anna Pinheiro, Mariana Lopes Ferrari, Mirella Tizziani Soares, Rogério Augusto Gomes Silveira, Mariana Espiga Maioli, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of gastrointestinal disorders among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high, despite the lack of a good correlation between endoscopic findings and symptoms. Many services thus perform upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy on kidney transplant candidates. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the alterations seen on the upper endoscopies of 96 kidney-transplant candidates seen from 2014 to 2015. METHODS: Ninety-six CKD patients underwent upper endoscopic examination as part of the preparation to receive kidney grafts...
May 14, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767390/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-choledocholithiasis-in-long-term-dialysis-a-propensity-score-analysis
#13
Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies evaluating the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis reported an increased risk of post-procedural bleeding. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ERCP for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with ESRD undergoing long-term dialysis. METHODS: A total of 3466 patients who underwent ERCP due to choledocholithiasis between January 2000 and Feb 2018 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750929/hyponatremia-predicts-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-heart-surgery
#14
Linda Shavit, Ofer Merin, Tal Grenader, Ehud Jacobson, Chani Waldenberg, Daniel Bitran, Daniel Fink, Shuli Silberman
BACKGROUND: Preoperative hyponatremia adversely impacts outcomes of cardiothoracic surgery. However, in patients with chronic kidney disease, the association of sodium levels on postoperative events has never been evaluated. We investigated the impact of preoperative hyponatremia on outcomes after cardiac surgery in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease. Primary endpoints were operative mortality and acute kidney injury requiring dialysis. Secondary endpoints were major infection and long-term survival...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744794/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-vancomycin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#15
So Jin Park, Na Ri Lim, Hyo Jung Park, Jae Wook Yang, Min-Ji Kim, Kyunga Kim, Yong Won In, Young Mee Lee
Background Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic of choice for the treatment of serious infections caused by multi-resistant Gram-positive bacteria. However, vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity (VAN) often limits its use. Previous data suggested a few risk factors of VAN, including higher mean vancomycin trough level, higher daily doses, old age, long duration of vancomycin therapy, and concomitant nephrotoxins. Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of VAN and determine whether higher vancomycin trough concentrations were associated with a greater risk for VAN...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742283/vaccination-practices-in-dialysis-patients-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Georges Kosmadakis, Julie Albaret, Enrique Da Costa Correia, Frederic Somda, Didier Aguilera
In a period of turmoil concerning vaccination practices, there is a serious conflict between scientifically reasonable, evidence-based guidelines and the far-fetched rumors or misconceptions concerning the vaccination practices in the general population. When a significant portion of the medical and paramedical personnel may be deliberately unvaccinated against common biological agents, achieving effective vaccination rates in the dialysis population may be complicated. Vaccination rates are unacceptably low in dialysis patients and seroconversion rates are even lower; further, serological follow-up is generally poor...
May 9, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724988/total-gastric-necrosis-due-to-mucormycosis-a-rare-case-of-gastric-perforation
#17
Salah Termos, Feras Othman, Mohammad Alali, Bader M S Al Bader, Talal Alkhadher, Wael Fathi Hassanaiah, Ali Taqi, Abhijit Sapkal
BACKGROUND Spontaneous gastric perforation is usually a complication of peptic ulcer disease, or a postoperative complication resulting from gastric torsion. Mucormycosis (or zygomycosis) is an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection that is usually seen in immunocompromised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This report is of a rare case of spontaneous gastric perforation due to mucormycosis infection. CASE REPORT A 52-year-old woman, with a past medical history of heroin abuse, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease treated by dialysis, presented to the emergency department with cellulitis of the arms...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723531/transplant-outcomes-for-congenital-heart-disease-patients-bridged-with-a-ventricular-assist-device
#18
Roosevelt Bryant, Raheel Rizwan, Chet R Villa, Farhan Zafar, Dennis Wells, Clifford Chin, Angela Lorts, David L Morales
BACKGROUND: Ventricular assist device (VAD) use as a bridge-to-transplant (BTT) for children with end-stage heart failure and congenital heart disease (CHD), although challenging, has increased but its impact on post-transplant outcome is unknown. This study describes post-transplant outcomes of CHD patients BTT with a VAD. METHODS: All heart transplants identified in UNOS database from 2006-2015 (N=21,865) were divided into four groups based on the diagnosis of CHD and VAD support at transplant: +CHD/+VAD, +CHD/-VAD, +VAD/-CHD and -VAD/-CHD...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718748/an-update-on-the-toxicological-considerations-for-protease-inhibitors-used-for-hepatitis-c-infection
#19
Lung-Yi Mak, Wai-Kay Seto, Ching-Lung Lai, Man-Fung Yuen
Hepatitis C virus protease inhibitors (PIs) are important components of many direct acting antiviral regimens. Many clinical trials and real-world studies have described the safety data for individual PIs. We aimed to review the safety of both the first and second generation PIs in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Areas covered: The unique pharmacokinetic properties of PIs partly explain their toxicities. Second generation PIs, when used without interferon and ribavirin, are well-tolerated. Use of PIs in renal impaired patients or those on dialysis appears to be safe...
May 2, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705559/open-thoracic-and-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-repair-after-prior-endovascular-therapy
#20
Paula R Keschenau, Shirley Ketting, Barend Mees, Mohammad E Barbati, Jochen Grommes, Alexander Gombert, Geert Willem H Schurink, Drosos Kotelis, Michael J Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to present current results of open thoracic and thoraco-abdominal aortic repair as secondary procedure after prior endovascular therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross border single centre study. From 2006 to July 2017 45 open thoracic aortic (TAA) or thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) operations were performed on 44 patients (median age 58 [15-80] years) as secondary surgery after previous endovascular therapy comprising TEVAR (n = 38; 86%), EVAR (n = 3; 7%), fenestrated EVAR (n = 1; 2%) and TEVAR plus EVAR (n = 1; 2%)...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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