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Youngmin Hwang, MeeiChyn Goh, Mihye Kim, Giyoong Tae
A micropatterned heparin-based hydrogel system that can provide sustained release of multiple growth factors upon one time loading was prepared via photopolymerization and lithography and it was employed as a culture matrix for differentiating hADSCs into hepatic lineage. Mature differentiation of hADSCs into hepatic lineage in terms of gene expression and immunofluorostaining of hepatic markers, and functional characteristics such as glycogen storage ability and production of albumin and urea was observed on the soft hydrogel (∼400 Pa) when the gel elasticity was modulated...
March 3, 2018: Biomaterials
Yu Bin Lee, Eun Mi Kim, Hayeon Byun, Hyung-Kwan Chang, Kwanghee Jeong, Zachary M Aman, Yu Suk Choi, Jungyul Park, Heungsoo Shin
Numerous methods have been reported for the fabrication of 3D multi-cellular spheroids and their use in stem cell culture. Current methods typically relying on the self-assembly of trypsinized, suspended stem cells, however, show limitations with respect to cell viability, throughput, and accurate recapitulation of the natural microenvironment. In this study, we developed a new system for engineering cell spheroids by self-assembly of micro-scale monolayer of stem cells. We prepared synthetic hydrogels with the surface of chemically formed micropatterns (squares/circles with width/diameter of 200 μm) on which mesenchymal stem cells isolated from human nasal turbinate tissue (hTMSCs) were selectively attached and formed a monolayer...
March 1, 2018: Biomaterials
Franck Da-Silva, Xavier Boulenc, Hélène Vermet, Pauline Compigne, Sabine Gerbal-Chaloin, Martine Daujat-Chavanieu, Sylvie Klieber, Patrick Poulin
The objective was to compare, with the same dataset, the predictive performance of three in vitro assays of hepatic clearance (CL), namely, micropatterned cocultures (MPCC) (also referring to HepatoPac® ) and suspension as well as monolayer hepatocytes to define which assay is the most accurate. Furthermore, existing in vitro-to-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) methods were challenged to verify which method is the most predictive (i.e., direct scaling method without binding correction, conventional method based either on the unbound fraction in plasma (fup ) according to the free drug hypothesis, or based on an fup value adjusted for the albumin (ALB)-facilitated hepatic uptake phenomenon)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Joanne Young, Yoran Margaron, Mathieu Fernandes, Eve Duchemin-Pelletier, Joris Michaud, Mélanie Flaender, Oana Lorintiu, Sébastien Degot, Pauline Poydenot
Despite the need for more effective drug treatments to address muscle atrophy and disease, physiologically accurate in vitro screening models and higher information content preclinical assays that aid in the discovery and development of novel therapies are lacking. To this end, MyoScreen was developed: a robust and versatile high-throughput high-content screening (HT/HCS) platform that integrates a physiologically and pharmacologically relevant micropatterned human primary skeletal muscle model with a panel of pertinent phenotypic and functional assays...
March 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
Ming Lun Wu, Mohanchandra K Panduranga, Gregory P Carman
In this paper, we present the effect of micron size holes on proliferation and growth of human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Square shaped micron size holes (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 μm) separated by 10 μm wide struts are fabricated on 5 μm thick sputter deposited Nitinol films. HAECs are seeded onto these micropatterned films and analyzed after 30 days with fluorescence microscopy. Captured images are used to quantify the nucleus packing density, size, and aspect ratio. The films with holes ranging from 10 to 20 μm produce the highest cell packing densities with cell nucleus contained within the hole...
February 27, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
Nil Gural, Liliana Mancio-Silva, Alex B Miller, Ani Galstian, Vincent L Butty, Stuart S Levine, Rapatbhorn Patrapuvich, Salil P Desai, Sebastian A Mikolajczak, Stefan H I Kappe, Heather E Fleming, Sandra March, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Sangeeta N Bhatia
The unique relapsing nature of Plasmodium vivax infection is a major barrier to malaria eradication. Upon infection, dormant liver-stage forms, hypnozoites, linger for weeks to months and then relapse to cause recurrent blood-stage infection. Very little is known about hypnozoite biology; definitive biomarkers are lacking and in vitro platforms that support phenotypic studies are needed. Here, we recapitulate the entire liver stage of P. vivax in vitro, using a multiwell format that incorporates micropatterned primary human hepatocyte co-cultures (MPCCs)...
February 6, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
Yaobin Wu, Ling Wang, Tianli Hu, Peter X Ma, Baolin Guo
Controlling cellular alignment and elongation has been demonstrated as an important parameter for developing nerve tissue engineering scaffolds. Many approaches have been developed to guide cellular orientation for nerve regeneration such as micropatterning techniques. However, most of materials used for developing micropatterning scaffolds lack of bioactivity and biofunctionability. Here we present a functional conductive micropatterned scaffold based on bioactive conductive biodegradable polyurethane prepared using a micro-molding technique...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Wenwu Xiao, Qingtao Li, Huimin He, Wenxiu Li, Xiaodong Cao, Hua Dong
Precise manipulation of biomolecules distribution and functions via biomolecule-matrix interaction is very important and challenging for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. As a well-known biomimetic matrix, electrospun fibers often lack the unique spatial complexity compared to their natural counterparts in vivo and thus cannot deliver fully the regulatory cues to biomolecules. In this paper, we report a facile and reliable method to fabricate micro- and nano-structured poly (l-lactic acid) (PLLA) fibrous matrices with spatial complexity by combination of advanced electrospinning and agarose hydrogel stamp based micropatterning...
February 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ross Ferguson, Vasanta Subramanian
Three dimensional (3D) culture of mammalian cells is emerging as a powerful new tool to understand organogenesis as well as serve as models for diseases with implications for therapeutic evaluation. 3D cultures are referred to variously as spheroid, organoids or embryoid bodies. While many methods exist for large scale production of embryoid bodies or other spheroid cell aggregates, either at controlled sizes using microwell/micropatterned plates or uncontrolled sizes in suspension dishes, very few protocols exist for medium throughput analysis of differentiation at the histological level...
February 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research
Ching-Wen Li, Brett Davis, Jill Shea, Himanshu Sant, Bruce Kent Gale, Jayant Agarwal
Nerve conduits have been a viable alternative to the 'gold standard' autograft for treating small peripheral nerve gap injuries. However, they often produce inadequate functional recovery outcomes and are ineffective in large gap injuries. Ridge/groove surface micropatterning has been shown to promote neural cell orientation and guide growth. However, optimization of the ratio of ridge/groove parameters to promote orientation and extension for dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) films has not been previously conducted...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Alena Semerádtová, Marcel Štofik, Oldřich Neděla, Ondřej Staněk, Petr Slepička, Zdeňka Kolská, Jan Malý
Herein, we report a novel concept of low-cost flexible platform for fluorescence-based biosensor. The surface of polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) foil was exposed to KrF excimer laser through a photolitographic contact mask. Laser initiated surface modification resulted in micro-patterned areas with surface functional groups available for localized covalent immobilization of biotin. High affinity binding protein (albumin-binding domain (ABD) of protein G, Streptococcus G148) recognizing human serum albumin (HSA), genetically fused with streptavidin (SA-ABDwt), was immobilized on the micro-patterned surface through biotin-streptavidin coupling...
February 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Anna L Hagstrom, Hak-Lae Lee, Myung-Soo Lee, Hyun-Seok Choe, Joori Jung, Byung-Geon Park, Won-Sik Han, Jong Soo Ko, Jae-Hong Kim, Jaehyuk Kim
Triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC) has recently drawn widespread interest for its capacity to harvest low-energy photons and to broaden the absorption spectra of photonic devices such as solar cells. Although conceptually promising, effective integration of TTA-UC materials into practical devices has been difficult due to the diffusive and anoxic conditions required in TTA-UC host media. Of the solid-state host materials investigated, rubbery polymers facilitate the highest TTA-UC efficiencies...
February 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kotaro Makino, Kosaku Kato, Keisuke Takano, Yuta Saito, Junji Tominaga, Takashi Nakano, Goro Isoyama, Makoto Nakajima
With rapid advances occurring in terahertz (THz) radiation generation techniques, the interaction between matter and intense THz fields has become an important research topic. Among different types of THz radiation sources, the free electron laser (FEL) is a promising experimental tool that is expected to pave the way for new forms of material processing, control of phase transitions, and serve as a test bench for extreme operating conditions in high-speed small-size electrical and magnetic devices through the exploitation of strong THz electrical and magnetic fields without the presence of interband electronic excitation...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
S Vignesh, Aswathi Gopalakrishnan, M R Poorna, Shantikumar V Nair, R Jayakumar, Ullas Mony
Micropatterning techniques involve soft lithography, which is laborious, expensive and restricted to a narrow spectrum of biomaterials. In this work we report, first time employment of patterned wax moulds for generation of micropatterned alginate-gelatin and κ-carrageenan (κ-CRG) hydrogel systems by a novel, simple and cost effective method. We generated and characterized uniform and reproducible micropatterned hydrogels of varying sizes and shapes such as square projections, square grooves, and circular grids and crisscrossed hillocks...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Sophie M Morgani, Jakob J Metzger, Jennifer Nichols, Eric D Siggia, Anna-Katerina Hadjantonakis
During gastrulation epiblast cells exit pluripotency as they specify and spatially arrange the three germ layers of the embryo. Similarly, human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) undergo spatially organized fate specification on micropatterned surfaces. Since in vivo validation is not possible for the human, we developed a mouse PSC micropattern system and, with direct comparisons to mouse embryos, reveal the robust specification of distinct regional identities. BMP, WNT, ACTIVIN and FGF directed mouse epiblast-like cells to undergo an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and radially pattern posterior mesoderm fates...
February 7, 2018: ELife
Yung-Chiang Liu, I-Chi Lee, Kin Fong Lei
An in vitro model mimicking the in vivo environment of the brain must be developed to study neural communication and regeneration and to obtain an understanding of cellular and molecular responses. In this work, a multilayered neural network was successfully constructed on a biochip by guiding and promoting neural stem/progenitor cell differentiation and network formation. The biochip consisted of 3 × 3 arrays of cultured wells connected with channels. Neurospheroids were cultured on polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) films in the culture wells...
February 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alex Wallace, Hassan Albadawi, Nikasha Patel, Ali Khademhosseini, Yu Shrike Zhang, Sailendra Naidu, Grace Knuttinen, Rahmi Oklu
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are ubiquitous in the healthcare industry and carry two common complications, catheter related infections and occlusion, particularly by thrombus. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) are an important cause of nosocomial infections that increase patient morbidity, mortality, and hospital cost. Innovative design strategies for intravenous catheters can help reduce these preventable infections. Antimicrobial coatings can play a major role in preventing disease. These coatings can be divided into two major categories: drug eluting and non-drug eluting...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Benoit Vianay, Fabrice Senger, Simon Alamos, Maya Anjur-Dietrich, Elizabeth Bearce, Bevan Cheeseman, Lisa Lee, Manuel Théry
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Tissue morphogenesis results from the interplay between cell growth and mechanical forces. While the impact of geometrical confinement and mechanical forces on cell proliferation has been fairly well characterized, the inverse relationship is much less understood. Here we investigated how traction forces vary during cell cycle progression. RESULTS: Cell shape was constrained on micropatterned substrates in order to distinguish variations in cell contractility from cell size increase...
February 1, 2018: Biology of the Cell
Brenton R Ware, Mitchell J Durham, Chase P Monckton, Salman R Khetani
Background and Aims: Modeling interactions between primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) and primary human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) in vitro can help elucidate human-specific mechanisms underlying liver physiology/disease and drug responses; however, existing hepatocyte/endothelial coculture models are suboptimal because of their use of rodent cells, cancerous cell lines, and/or nonliver endothelial cells. Hence, we sought to develop a platform that could maintain the long-term phenotype of PHHs and primary human LSECs...
March 2018: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Kan Yue, Yanhui Liu, Batzaya Byambaa, Vaishali Singh, Wanjun Liu, Xiuyu Li, Yunxia Sun, Yu Shrike Zhang, Ali Tamayol, Peihua Zhang, Kee Woei Ng, Nasim Annabi, Ali Khademhosseini
Keratins extracted from human hair have emerged as a promising biomaterial for various biomedical applications, partly due to their wide availability, low cost, minimal immune response, and the potential to engineer autologous tissue constructs. However, the fabrication of keratin-based scaffolds typically relies on limited crosslinking mechanisms, such as via physical interactions or disulfide bond formation, which are time-consuming and result in relatively poor mechanical strength and stability. Here, we report the preparation of photocrosslinkable keratin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels via the thiol-norbornene "click" reaction, which can be formed within one minute upon irradiation of visible light...
January 2018: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
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