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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628944/bistable-solid-state-fluorescence-switching-in-photoluminescent-infinitely-coordinated-polymer
#1
Jincheol Kim, Youngmin You, Seong-Jun Yoon, Jong H Kim, Boseok Kang, Sang Kyu Park, Dong Ryeol Whang, Jangwon Seo, Kilwon Cho, Soo Young Park
Photo-functional infinitely coordinated polymers (ICPs) consisting of the photochromic dithienylethene (DTE) and the luminescent bridging unit to give enhanced fluorescence in the solid state were synthesized. We could fabricate well-ordered micropatterns of these ICPs by a soft-lithographic method, which repeatedly showed high contrast on-off fluorescence switching.
June 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628129/high-speed-fixed-target-serial-virus-crystallography
#2
Philip Roedig, Helen M Ginn, Tim Pakendorf, Geoff Sutton, Karl Harlos, Thomas S Walter, Jan Meyer, Pontus Fischer, Ramona Duman, Ismo Vartiainen, Bernd Reime, Martin Warmer, Aaron S Brewster, Iris D Young, Tara Michels-Clark, Nicholas K Sauter, Abhay Kotecha, James Kelly, David J Rowlands, Marcin Sikorsky, Silke Nelson, Daniel S Damiani, Roberto Alonso-Mori, Jingshan Ren, Elizabeth E Fry, Christian David, David I Stuart, Armin Wagner, Alke Meents
We report a method for serial X-ray crystallography at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs), which allows for full use of the current 120-Hz repetition rate of the Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Using a micropatterned silicon chip in combination with the high-speed Roadrunner goniometer for sample delivery, we were able to determine the crystal structures of the picornavirus bovine enterovirus 2 (BEV2) and the cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus type 18 polyhedrin, with total data collection times of less than 14 and 10 min, respectively...
June 19, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627756/microcontact-peeling-a-cell-micropatterning-technique-for-circumventing-direct-adsorption-of-proteins-to-hydrophobic-pdms
#3
Sho Yokoyama, Tsubasa S Matsui, Shinji Deguchi
Microcontact printing (μCPr) is one of the most popular techniques used for cell micropatterning. In conventional μCPr, a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamp with microfeatures is used to adsorb extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins onto the featured surface and transfer them onto particular areas of a cell culture substrate. However, some types of functional proteins other than ECM have been reported to denature upon direct adsorption to hydrophobic PDMS. Here we describe a detailed protocol of an alternative technique--microcontact peeling (μCPe)--that allows for cell micropatterning while circumventing the step of adsorbing proteins to bare PDMS...
June 19, 2017: Current Protocols in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627043/fabrication-of-millimeter-long-carbon-tubular-nanostructures-using-the-self-rolling-process-inherent-in-elastic-protein-layers
#4
Hyojin Ko, Leila F Deravi, Sung-Jin Park, Jingon Jang, Takhee Lee, Cheong Kang, Jin Seok Lee, Kevin Kit Parker, Kwanwoo Shin
Millimeter-long conducting fibers can be fabricated from carbon nanomaterials via a simple method involving the release of a prestrained protein layer. This study shows how a self-rolling process initiated by polymerization of a micropatterned layer of fibronectin (FN) results in the production of carbon nanomaterial-based microtubular fibers. The process begins with deposition of carbon nanotube (CNT) or graphene oxide (GO) particles on the FN layer. Before polymerization, particles are discrete and nonconducting, but after polymerization the carbon materials become entangled to form an interconnected conducting network clad by FN...
June 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622706/electrical-stimulation-of-microengineered-skeletal-muscle-tissue-effect-of-stimulus-parameters-on-myotube-contractility-and-maturation
#5
Ramin Banan Sadeghian, Majid Ebrahimi, Sahar Salehi
Skeletal muscle tissues engineered in vitro are aneural, short in number of fibers required to function properly, and degenerate rapidly. Electrical stimulation has been widely used to compensate for such lack of neural activity, yet the relationship between the stimulation parameters and the tissue response is subject of debate. Here we study the effect of overnight electrical stimulation (training) on the contractility and maturity of aligned C2C12 myotubes developed on micropatterned gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) substrates...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616967/effects-of-functional-groups-of-materials-on-nonspecific-adhesion-and-chondrogenic-induction-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-free-and-micropatterned-surfaces
#6
Bin Cao, Yuanmeng Peng, Xiangnan Liu, Jiandong Ding
Functional groups of materials are known to affect cell behaviors, yet the corresponding effect on stem cell differentiation are always coupled with that of cell spreading, it is thus unclear whether or not the chemical groups influence cell differentiation directly or via cell spreading indirectly. Herein we used a unique surface patterning technique to decouple the corresponding effects. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow were seeded on surfaces coated with alkylthiols with one of 4 functional end groups (-CH3, -OH, -COOH and -NH2) and underwent 9-day chondrogenic induction...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616133/naked-eye-detection-of-multiple-tumor-related-mrnas-from-patients-with-photonic-crystal-micropattern-supported-dual-modal-upconversion-bioprobes
#7
Xiaoxia Hu, Yingqian Wang, Haoyang Liu, Jie Wang, Yaning Tan, Fubing Wang, Quan Yuan, Weihong Tan
Development of a portable device for the detection of multiple mRNAs is a significant need in the early diagnosis of cancer. We have designed a biochip-based mRNA detection device by combining a hydrophilic-hydrophobic micropattern with upconversion luminescence (UCL) probes. The device achieves highly sensitive detection, using the naked eye, of multiple mRNAs among patient samples. The high sensitivity is attributed to enrichment of the target concentration and a fluorescence enhancement effect. In addition, since the photonic crystal (PC) dot biochip is functionalized with dual-wavelength excitation UCL probes, two kinds of mRNAs in the heterogeneous biological samples are detected simultaneously, and the corresponding luminescence signals are captured using an unmodified camera phone...
January 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615317/orientation-and-repositioning-of-chromosomes-correlate-with-cell-geometry-dependent-gene-expression
#8
Yejun Wang, Mallika Nagarajan, Caroline Uhler, G V Shivashankar
Extracellular matrix signals from the microenvironment regulate gene expression patterns and cell behavior. Using a combination of experiments and geometric models, we demonstrate correlations between cell geometry, 3D organization of chromosome territories and gene expression. Fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments showed that micropatterned fibroblasts cultured on anisotropic (AP) versus isotropic (IP) substrates resulted in repositioning of specific chromosomes, which contained genes that were differentially regulated by cell geometries...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613878/kinetics-of-light-induced-concentration-patterns-in-transparent-polymer-solutions
#9
Manos Anyfantakis, Andreas Pamvouxoglou, Christos Mantzaridis, Stergios Pispas, Hans-Jürgen Butt, George Fytas, Benoit Loppinet
When exposed to weak visible laser light, solutions of common polymers like poly (isoprene) and poly (butadiene) respond by local concentration variations, which in turn lead to refractive index changes. Various micropatterns have been recently reported, depending mostly on the solvent environment and the irradiation conditions. Here, we focused on the simpler case of single polymer-rich filaments and we employed phase contrast microscopy to systematically investigate the influence of laser illumination and material parameters on the kinetics of the optically induced local concentration increase in the polydiene solutions...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605185/soft-matter-printed-circuit-board-with-uv-laser-micropatterning
#10
Tong Lu, Eric Markvicka, Yichu Jin, Carmel Majidi
When encapsulated in elastomer, micropatterned traces of Ga-based liquid metal (LM) can function as elastically deformable circuit wiring that provides mechanically robust electrical connectivity between solid state elements (e.g. transistors, processors, sensor nodes). However, LM-microelectronics integration is currently limited by challenges in rapid fabrication of LM circuits and the creation of vias between circuit terminals and the I/O pins of packaged electronics. In this study we address both with a unique layup for soft-matter electronics in which traces of liquid-phase Ga-In eutectic (EGaIn) are patterned with UV laser micromachining (UVLM)...
June 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592113/ph-dependent-lipid-vesicle-interactions-with-plasma-polymerized-thin-films
#11
Hannah J Askew, Mirren Charnley, Karyn L Jarvis, Sally L McArthur
Model lipid vesicle and supported lipid bilayer (SLB) systems are used in a variety of applications including biosensing, cell membrane mimics, and drug delivery. Exposure of a surface to a vesicle solution provides a straightforward method for creating such systems via vesicle adsorption and collapse. However, this process is complex and the relationship between the surface physicochemical properties and vesicle collapse is poorly understood. Plasma polymers are thin conformal films that can be applied to a variety of materials to modify surface properties...
June 7, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555628/morphogenesis-of-liquid-crystal-topological-defects-during-the-nematic-smectic-a-phase-transition
#12
Min-Jun Gim, Daniel A Beller, Dong Ki Yoon
The liquid crystalline phases of matter each possess distinct types of defects that have drawn great interest in areas such as topology, self-assembly and material micropatterning. However, relatively little is known about how defects in one liquid crystalline phase arise from defects or deformations in another phase upon crossing a phase transition. Here, we directly examine defects in the in situ thermal phase transition from nematic to smectic A in hybrid-aligned liquid crystal droplets on water substrates, using experimental, theoretical and numerical analyses...
May 30, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555231/micropatterned-macroporous-structures-in-microfluidic-devices-for-viral-separation-from-whole-blood
#13
Krissada Surawathanawises, Victoria Wiedorn, Xuanhong Cheng
Separation and enrichment of bio-nanoparticles from cell suspensions and blood are critical steps in many chemical and biomedical practices. We demonstrate here the design and fabrication of a microfluidic immunochromatographic device incorporating regular and multiscale monolithic structures to capture viruses from blood. The device contains micropatterned arrays of macroporous materials to perform size-exclusion and affinity chromatography in a simple flow-through process. The microscale gaps in the array allow the passage of cells while the macroporous matrices promote viral capture...
June 21, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542912/the-nucleus-is-irreversibly-shaped-by-motion-of-cell-boundaries-in-cancer-and-non-cancer-cells
#14
Vincent J Tocco, Yuan Li, Keith G Christopher, James H Matthews, Varun Aggarwal, Lauren Paschall, Hendrik Luesch, Jonathan D Licht, Richard B Dickinson, Tanmay P Lele
Actomyosin stress fibers impinge on the nucleus and can exert compressive forces on it. These compressive forces have been proposed to elongate nuclei in fibroblasts, and lead to abnormally shaped nuclei in cancer cells. In these models, the elongated or flattened nuclear shape is proposed to store elastic energy. However, we found that deformed shapes of nuclei are unchanged even after removal of the cell with micro-dissection, both for smooth, elongated nuclei in fibroblasts and abnormally shaped nuclei in breast cancer cells...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541275/engineering-the-haemogenic-niche-mitigates-endogenous-inhibitory-signals-and-controls-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-blood-emergence
#15
Nafees Rahman, Patrick M Brauer, Lilian Ho, Tatiana Usenko, Mukul Tewary, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Peter W Zandstra
Efforts to recapitulate haematopoiesis, a process guided by spatial and temporal inductive signals, to generate haematopoietic progenitors from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have focused primarily on exogenous signalling pathway activation or inhibition. Here we show haemogenic niches can be engineered using microfabrication strategies by micropatterning hPSC-derived haemogenic endothelial (HE) cells into spatially-organized, size-controlled colonies. CD34+VECAD+ HE cells were generated with multi-lineage potential in serum-free conditions and cultured as size-specific haemogenic niches that displayed enhanced blood cell induction over non-micropatterned cultures...
May 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540951/on-surface-o-glycosylation-by-catalytic-microcontact-printing
#16
Moritz Buhl, Serena Traboni, Martin Körsgen, Sebastian Lamping, Heinrich F Arlinghaus, Bart Jan Ravoo
The generation of carbohydrate patterns on surfaces enables a wide range of analytical and diagnostic applications and efficient methods for carbohydrate immobilization are crucial for this purpose. We report on surface O-glycosylation by catalytic printing as a novel, effective method for the covalent immobilization of carbohydrates in micropatterns. Beside the verification of surface functionalization, the suitability of the generated surface for ligand protein interactions was demonstrated.
June 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540725/bioinspired-3d-multilayered-shape-memory-scaffold-with-a-hierarchically-changeable-micropatterned-surface-for-efficient-vascularization
#17
Dian Liu, Tao Xiang, Tao Gong, Tian Tian, Xian Liu, Shaobing Zhou
How to achieve three-dimensional (3D) cell alignment and subsequent prompt tissue regeneration remains a great challenge. Here, inspired by the interior 3D architecture of native arteries, we develop a new 3D multilayered shape memory vascular scaffold with a hierarchically changeable micropatterned surface for vascularization. The shape memory function renders the implantation of the scaffold safe and convenient via minimally invasive surgery. By co-culturing endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) on the 3D multilayered structure, the inner monolayer, which has a square micropatterned surface, can promote EC adhesion and migration, resulting in a rapid endothelialization, and the outer multilayers, which have rectangular micropatterned surfaces, can induce a circumferential alignment of VSMCs...
June 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536475/a-simple-silver-nanowire-patterning-method-based-on-poly-ethylene-glycol-photolithography-and-its-application-for-soft-electronics
#18
Youngsang Ko, Jeonghun Kim, Dabum Kim, Yusuke Yamauchi, Jung Ho Kim, Jungmok You
Hydrogel-based flexible microelectrodes have garnered considerable attention recently for soft bioelectronic applications. We constructed silver nanowire (AgNW) micropatterns on various substrates, via a simple, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method without aggressive etching or lift-off processes. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) photolithography was employed to construct AgNW patterns with various shapes and sizes on the glass substrate. Based on a second hydrogel gelation process, AgNW patterns on glass substrate were directly transferred to the synthetic/natural hydrogel substrates...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534633/micropatterning-of-multiple-photonic-colloidal-crystal-gels-for-flexible-structural-color-films
#19
Noriyuki Suzuki, Eiji Iwase, Hiroaki Onoe
We herein report the micropatterning of flexible multiple photonic colloidal crystal gels (PCCGs) using single-layered microchannels. These patterned PCCGs exhibit structural colors that can be tuned by adjustment of the diameter and concentration of the colloidal particles in precursor solutions of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) or polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA). The precursor solutions containing dispersed colloidal particles were selectively injected into single-layered microchannels where they polymerized rapidly...
June 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532442/an-integrated-enhancement-and-reconstruction-strategy-for-the-quantitative-extraction-of-actin-stress-fibers-from-fluorescence-micrographs
#20
Zhen Zhang, Shumin Xia, Pakorn Kanchanawong
BACKGROUND: The stress fibers are prominent organization of actin filaments that perform important functions in cellular processes such as migration, polarization, and traction force generation, and whose collective organization reflects the physiological and mechanical activities of the cells. Easily visualized by fluorescence microscopy, the stress fibers are widely used as qualitative descriptors of cell phenotypes. However, due to the complexity of the stress fibers and the presence of other actin-containing cellular features, images of stress fibers are relatively challenging to quantitatively analyze using previously developed approaches, requiring significant user intervention...
May 22, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
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