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Sung Ho Cha, Hyun Jong Lee, Won-Gun Koh
BACKGROUND: The topographical cue is major influence on skeletal muscle cell culture because the structure is highly organized and consists of long parallel bundles of multinucleated myotubes that are formed by differentiation and fusion of myoblast satellite cells. In this technical report, we fabricated a multiscale scaffold using electrospinning and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel micropatterns to monitor the cell behaviors on nano- and micro-alignment combined scaffolds with different combinations of angles...
2017: Biomaterials Research
Mark Jason Richards, Susan Daniel
The supported lipid bilayer has been portrayed as a useful model of the cell membrane compatible with many biophysical tools and techniques that demonstrate its appeal in learning about the basic features of the plasma membrane. However, some of its potential has yet to be realized, particularly in the area of bilayer patterning and phase/composition heterogeneity. In this work, we generate contiguous bilayer patterns as a model system that captures the general features of membrane domains and lipid rafts. Micropatterned polymer templates of two types are investigated for generating patterned bilayer formation: polymer blotting and polymer lift-off stenciling...
January 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Shuhua Peng, Bat-El Pinchasik, Hao Hao, Helmuth Möhwald, Xuehua Zhang
Constructing controllable liquid patterns with high resolution and accuracy is of great importance in droplet depositions for a range of applications. Simple surface chemical micropatterns have been popularly used to regulate the shape of liquid droplets and the final structure of deposited materials. In this work, we study the morphological evolution of a dissolving femtoliter droplet pinned on multiple microdomains. On the basis of minimization of interfacial energy, the numerical simulations predict various symmetric droplet profiles in equilibrium at different liquid volumes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Wei Ma, Chuanbo Huang, Yuan Zhou, Jianwei Li, Qinghua Cui
The microbiota colonized on human body is renowned as "a forgotten organ" due to its big impacts on human health and disease. Recently, microbiome studies have identified a large number of microbes differentially regulated in a variety of conditions, such as disease and diet. However, methods for discovering biological patterns in the differentially regulated microbes are still limited. For this purpose, here, we developed a web-based tool named MicroPattern to discover biological patterns for a list of microbes...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
François-Damien Delapierre, Guillaume Mottet, Vélan Taniga, Julie Boisselier, J Viovy, Laurent Malaquin
A novel technology is reported to immobilize different types of particles or cells on a surface at predefined positions with a micrometric precision. The process uses capillary assembly on arrays of crescent-shaped structures with different orientations. Sequential assemblies in different substrate orientations with different types of particles allow for the creation of imbricated and multiplexed arrays. In this work up to four different types of particles were deterministically localized on a surface. Using this process, antibody coated microparticles were assembled on substrates and used as capture patterns for the creation of complex cell networks...
January 10, 2017: Biofabrication
Kai Wang, Xi Wang, Chengsheng Han, Wenda Hou, Jinyang Wang, Liangyi Chen, Ying Luo
A microwell-patterned membranous scaffold that integrates nano- and microscale topographical characteristics based on polyurethane is fabricated for transplanting syngeneic islets and allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells into diabetic rodents. The scaffold effectively allows for assembling of single cells/microtissues, enables the transplantation of cells with spatial control, and improves the transplant's engraftment efficacy in vivo for treating diabetes.
January 2017: Advanced Materials
J Lafaurie-Janvore, C Lafaurie, M Piel
The last step of cytokinesis, abscission, consists in the severing of the intercellular bridge connecting the two daughter cells. Because daughter cells move randomly on regular cell culture substrates, the use of adhesive micropatterns facilitates the observation of the intercellular bridge and its severing. Here we propose general rules to design micropatterns optimized to study this process. In particular, these micropatterns allow a good stabilization of the daughter cells and a predictable positioning of the intercellular bridge...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
Nicole A Kratochwil, Christophe Meille, Stephen Fowler, Florian Klammers, Aynur Ekiciler, Birgit Molitor, Sandrine Simon, Isabelle Walter, Claudia McGinnis, Johanna Walther, Brian Leonard, Miriam Triyatni, Hassan Javanbakht, Christoph Funk, Franz Schuler, Thierry Lavé, Neil J Parrott
Early prediction of human clearance is often challenging, in particular for the growing number of low-clearance compounds. Long-term in vitro models have been developed which enable sophisticated hepatic drug disposition studies and improved clearance predictions. Here, the cell line HepG2, iPSC-derived hepatocytes (iCell®), the hepatic stem cell line HepaRG™, and human hepatocyte co-cultures (HμREL™ and HepatoPac®) were compared to primary hepatocyte suspension cultures with respect to their key metabolic activities...
January 3, 2017: AAPS Journal
Mithila Burute, Magali Prioux, Guillaume Blin, Sandrine Truchet, Gaëlle Letort, Qingzong Tseng, Thomas Bessy, Sally Lowell, Joanne Young, Odile Filhol, Manuel Théry
During epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cells lining the tissue periphery break up their cohesion to migrate within the tissue. This dramatic reorganization involves a poorly characterized reorientation of the apicobasal polarity of static epithelial cells into the front-rear polarity of migrating mesenchymal cells. To investigate the spatial coordination of intracellular reorganization with morphological changes, we monitored centrosome positioning during EMT in vivo, in developing mouse embryos and mammary gland, and in vitro, in cultured 3D cell aggregates and micropatterned cell doublets...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Cell
Ashwin Venkatakrishnan, Hou Chua, Pinxi Tan, Zhenliang Hu, Hongwei Liu, Yanpeng Liu, Alexandra Carvalho, Junpeng Lu, Chorng Haur Sow
We present scanning focused laser beam as a multipurpose tool to engineer the physical and chemical properties of WS2 microflakes. For monolayers, the laser modification integrates oxygen into the WS2 microflake, resulting in ~9 times enhancement in the intensity of the fluorescence emission. This modification does not cause any morphology change, allowing "micro-encryption" of information that is only observable as fluorescence under excitation. The same focused laser also facilitates on demand thinning down of WS2 multilayers into monolayers, turning them into fluorescence active components...
December 29, 2016: ACS Nano
Allison Curtis, David J Li, Brian DeVeale, Kento Onishi, Monica Y Kim, Robert Blelloch, Diana J Laird, Elliot E Hui
Micropatterned cocultures are a useful experimental tool for the study of cell-cell interactions. Patterning methods often rely on sequential seeding of different cell types or removal of a barrier separating two populations, but it is difficult to pattern sharp interfaces between pure populations with low cross-contamination when using these approaches. Patterning by the use of reconfigurable substrates can overcome these limitations, but such methods can be costly and challenging to employ in a typical biology laboratory...
December 21, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
M Chu, T T Nguyen, E K Lee, J L Morival, M Khine
We demonstrate a facile, plasma free process to fabricate both reversibly and irreversibly sealed microfluidic chips using a PDMS-based adhesive polymer mixture. This is a versatile method that is compatible with current PDMS microfluidics processes. It allows for easier fabrication of multilayer microfluidic devices and is compatible with micropatterning of proteins for cell culturing. When combined with our Shrinky-Dink microfluidic prototyping, complete microfluidic device fabrication can be performed without the need for any capital equipment, making microfluidics accessible to the classroom...
December 19, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Yiping Zhao, Roman Truckenmuller, Marloes Levers, Wei-Shu Hua, Jan de Boer, Bernke Papenburg
Polystyrene (PS) is the most commonly used material in cell culture devices, such as Petri dishes, culture flasks and well plates. Micropatterning of cell culture substrates can significantly affect cell-material interactions leading to an increasing interest in the fabrication of topographically micro-structured PS surfaces. However, the high stiffness combined with brittleness of PS (elastic modulus 3-3.5GPa) makes high-quality patterning into PS difficult when standard hard molds, e.g. silicon and nickel, are used as templates...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Dirk Alexander Kulawiak, Brian A Camley, Wouter-Jan Rappel
In cancer metastasis, embryonic development, and wound healing, cells can coordinate their motion, leading to collective motility. To characterize these cell-cell interactions, which include contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL), micropatterned substrates are often used to restrict cell migration to linear, quasi-one-dimensional paths. In these assays, collisions between polarized cells occur frequently with only a few possible outcomes, such as cells reversing direction, sticking to one another, or walking past one another...
December 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Mahdis Shayan, Brian T Jankowitz, Puneeth Shridhar, Youngjae Chun
Stenting is an alternative to endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis. However, stenting is associated with a higher risk of procedural stroke secondary to distal thromboembolism. Hybrid stents with a micromesh layer have been proposed to address this complication. We developed a micropatterned thin film nitinol (M-TFN) covered stent designed to prevent thromboembolism during carotid intervention. This innovation may obviate the need or work synergistically with embolic protection devices...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Xinfeng Liu, Lin Niu, Chunyang Wu, Chunxiao Cong, Hong Wang, Qingsheng Zeng, Haiyong He, Qundong Fu, Wei Fu, Ting Yu, Chuanhong Jin, Zheng Liu, Tze Chien Sum
Organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites have recently demonstrated outstanding efficiencies in photovoltaics as well as highly promising performances for a wide range of optoelectronic applications such as lasing, light emission, optical detectors, and even for radiation detection. Key to the realization of functional perovskite micro/nanosystems on the ubiquitous silicon optoelectronics platform is through sophisticated lithography. Despite the rapid progress made in halide perovskite lasing, direct lithographic patterning of perovskite films to form optical cavities on conventional substrates remains extremely challenging...
November 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Yin Huang, Ning Zheng, Zhiqiang Cheng, Ying Chen, Bingwei Lu, Tao Xie, Xue Feng
Flexible and stretchable electronics offer a wide range of unprecedented opportunities beyond conventional rigid electronics. Despite their vast promise, a significant bottleneck lies in the availability of a transfer printing technique to manufacture such devices in a highly controllable and scalable manner. Current technologies usually rely on manual stick-and-place and do not offer feasible mechanisms for precise and quantitative process control, especially when scalability is taken into account. Here, we demonstrate a spatioselective and programmable transfer strategy to print electronic microelements onto a soft substrate...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jiaqi Guo, Wenwen Fang, Alexander Welle, Wenqian Feng, Ilari Filpponen, Orlando J Rojas, Pavel A Levkin
Films comprising nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) are suitable substrates for flexible devices in analytical, sensor, diagnostic, and display technologies. However, some major challenges in such developments include their high moisture sensitivity and the complexity of current methods available for functionalization and patterning. In this work, we present a facile process for tailoring the surface wettability and functionality of NFC films by a fast and versatile approach. First, the NFC films were coated with a layer of reactive nanoporous silicone nanofilament by polycondensation of trichlorovinylsilane (TCVS)...
December 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Brian K Ryu, Charles Dhong, Joëlle Fréchette
Microstructured surfaces, such as those inspired by nature, mediate surface interactions and are actively sought after to control wetting, adhesion, and friction. In particular, the rolling motion of spheres on microstructured surfaces in fluid environments is important for the transport of particles in microfluidic devices or in tribology. Here, we characterize the motion of smooth silicon nitride spheres (diameters 3-5 mm) as they roll down inclined planes decorated with hexagonal arrays of microwells and micropillars...
December 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Rémy Mensire, Jason S Wexler, Augustin Guibaud, Elise Lorenceau, Howard A Stone
Liquid-infused surfaces are rough or patterned surfaces in which a lubricating fluid, such as oil, is infused, which exhibits various original properties (omniphobicity, biofouling, drag reduction). An outer flow in a confined geometry can entrain the oil trapped between the pattern of the surfaces by shearing the oil-water interface and cause the loss of the omniphobic properties of the interface. Starting from the theoretical analysis of Wexler et al. (Shear-driven failure of liquid-infused surfaces. Phys...
December 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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