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Chronic kidney disease infective

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819637/cigarette-smoking-and-its-hazards-in-kidney-transplantation
#1
REVIEW
Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Jackson Tan, Said Khamis, Muhammad AshhadUllah Khalil, Rabeea Azmat, Arslan Rahat Ullah
Cigarette smoking affects many organs. It causes vasoconstriction through activation of sympathetic nervous system which leads to elevation of blood pressure and reduction in glomerular filtration rate and filtration pressure. It also causes thickening of renal arterioles. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of microalbuminuria and accelerates progression of microalbuminuria to macroalbuminuria. Furthermore, it causes rapid loss of glomerular filtration rate in chronic kidney disease patients. After kidney donation, these factors may be injurious to the solitary kidney...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814273/add-on-neurological-benefits-of-antiviral-therapy-in-hcv-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Ming-Shyan Lin, Tien-Hsing Chen, Wey-Yil Lin, Chi-Hung Liu, Yung-Yu Hsieh, Wen-Nan Chiu, Chih-Hsiang Chang, Mei-Yen Chen, Chang-Min Chung, Yu-Sheng Lin
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have rarely been studied because they rarely accept interferon-based therapy (IBT) and have been difficult to follow up. We investigated long-term outcomes of IBT on the population. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database as its data source. HCV patients diagnosed with CKD between Jan. 1, 2003, and Dec. 31, 2013, were selected...
August 16, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810602/hepatitis-c-virus-associated-cryoglobulinemia-with-membrano-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-treated-with-prednisolone-and-interferon-a-case-report
#3
Qiao-Yan Guo, Man Wu, Yang-Wei Wang, Guang-Dong Sun
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of liver-associated morbidity and has an increasing prevalence worldwide. Hepatitis C virus infection may lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver failure. However, it is also associated with a wide range of extra-hepatic complications, such as cryoglobulinemia, an immune complex disease associated with cryoglobulin leading to multiple organ damage and, while the major symptom is vasculitis. The present study reported on a-58-year-old woman who was diagnosed with HCV-associated cryoglobulinemia with skin, kidney and blood system damage and biopsy-proven cryoglobulinemia membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808163/a-role-for-fimh-in-extraintestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-invasion-and-translocation-through-the-intestinal-epithelium
#4
Nina M Poole, Sabrina I Green, Anubama Rajan, Luz E Vela, Xi-Lei Zeng, Mary K Estes, Anthony W Maresso
The translocation of bacteria across the intestinal epithelium of immunocompromised patients can lead to bacteremia and life-threatening sepsis. Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC), so named because this pathotype infects tissues distal to the intestinal tract, is a frequent cause of such infections, is often multidrug resistant, and chronically colonizes a sizable portion of the healthy population. Although several virulence factors and their roles in pathogenesis are well described for ExPEC that cause urinary tract infections and meningitis, they have not been linked to translocation through intestinal barriers, a fundamentally distant yet important clinical phenomenon...
August 14, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807261/association-between-hepatitis-c-virus-and-chronic-kidney-disease-heterogeneity-begets-heterogeneity
#5
Gregory M Lucas
Epidemiologic studies examining the association between hepatitis C virus and chronic kidney disease have yielded conflicting findings. Analyzing data from a Taiwanese cohort, Lai and colleagues report a novel finding that the odds of chronic kidney disease were nearly 3-fold higher in hepatitis C virus-infected persons with genotype 2 compared with genotype 1. Hepatitis C virus genotype distributions differ in regions around the world. Can genotypic differences in chronic kidney disease risk explain some of the heterogeneity in prior studies?...
September 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797668/salinity-stress-enhancing-basal-and-induced-immune-responses-in-striped-catfish-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus-sauvage
#6
Mélodie Schmitz, Tamar Ziv, Arie Admon, Sébastien Baekelandt, Syaghalirwa N M Mandiki, Maëlenn L'Hoir, Patrick Kestemont
In the Mekong Delta, striped catfish are faced with chronic salinity stress related to saltwater intrusion induced by global climatic changes. In this study, striped catfish juveniles were submitted to a prolonged salinity stress (up to 10ppt) over three weeks followed by infection with a virulent bacterial strain, Edwardsiella ictaluri. Osmoregulatory parameters were investigated. In addition, a label free quantitative proteomics workflow was performed on kidneys. The workflow consisted of an initial global profiling of relative peptide abundances (by LC/MS, peak area quantification based on extracted ion currents), followed by identification (by MS/MS)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795012/chronic-kidney-disease-and-sports-participation-by-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Vimal Master Sankar Raj, Dilip R Patel, Lakshmi Ramachandran
Individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) deal with major morbidity and mortality including poor exercise tolerance. A variety of factors including anemia, poor muscle mass, cardiovascular changes and limited physical activity contribute to exercise intolerance. Studies suggest that early initiation of aerobic and resistance training improves the muscle function, ability to tolerate exercise and quality of life in CKD patients. A thorough medical examination and exercise testing are recommended before initiating an exercise regimen in individuals with CKD...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793111/nursing-diagnosis-in-older-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis
#8
Mayara Cristina Debone, Elisângela da Silva Nunes Pedruncci, Maristela do Carmo Peterossi Candido, Sueli Marques, Luciana Kusumota
Objective: To identify the main nursing diagnoses (NSs) in older adult patients under hemodialysis treatment. Method: Exploratory research using case studies in data collection performed by interview and physical examination of older adults, in the first semester of 2016. Were included twenty-eight older adults undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment who met the selection criteria. The analysis followed two steps (RISNER, 1990): Phase I - Data analysis and synthesis; and Phase II - Establishment of nursing diagnoses using the taxonomy of NANDA-I (2015)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793022/kidney-involvement-in-malaria-an-update
#9
Geraldo Bezerra da Silva, José Reginaldo Pinto, Elvino José Guardão Barros, Geysa Maria Nogueira Farias, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher
Malaria is an infectious disease of great importance for Public Health, as it is the most prevalent endemic disease in the world, affecting millions of people living in tropical areas of the globe. Kidney involvement is relatively frequent in infections by P. falciparum and P. malariae, but has also been described in the infection by P. vivax. Kidney complications in malaria mainly occur due to hemodynamic dysfunction and immune response. Liver complications leading to hepatomegaly, jaundice and hepatic dysfunction can also contribute to the occurrence of acute kidney injury...
2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790832/combination-of-sofosbuvir-and-daclatasvir-in-the-treatment-of-genotype-3-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#10
Jan Sperl, Sona Frankova, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Monika Tothova, Julius Spicak
Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) has a negative impact on the long-term survival of recipients of kidney transplants. HCV should be treated in hemodialyzed patients before their enlistment for kidney transplantation in order to avoid the reactivation of virus after transplantation. Direct-acting antivirals represent the current standard of care in hemodialyzed patients with HCV genotypes 1 and 4; in patients with genotypes 2 or 3, the optimal regimen is yet to be established. Sofosbuvir (SOF) and daclatasvir (DCV) represent an antiviral pangenotypic regimen with favorable pharmacokinetics in hemodialyzed patients...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783205/successful-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-ground-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-and-short-bowel-syndrome
#11
Johann von Felden, Christoph Scheurich, Jin Yamamura, Diana M Brainard, Erik Mogalian, Ansgar W Lohse, Julian Schulze-Zur-Wiesch
We read the comprehensive review by Gitto et al. entitled 'NS5A inhibitors for the treatment of hepatitis C infection' (CHC) with great interest (1). Indeed, the development of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) now enables successful treatment of formerly difficult-to-treat patient populations (e.g. cirrhosis or chronic kidney disease). However, little is known about the use of DAAs in patients with short bowel syndrome, e.g. following inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), because these patients are yet excluded from clinical trials (2)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782147/adolescent-nephrology-an-emerging-frontier-for-kidney-care-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
REVIEW
Bianca Davidson, Ikechi Okpechi, Mignon McCulloch, Nicola Wearne
Adolescents make up a quarter of the world's population and are important users of health services. In South Africa little is known about the extent of renal disease or outcomes in this group. Adolescents are a vulnerable age group, due to their neurocognitive development, engagement in high-risk social activities, prevalence of mental illness and increasing rates of HIV infection. In Africa access to renal replacement therapy is rationed, therefore the focus of renal disease must be one of prevention rather than dealing with the management of end stage renal disease...
August 6, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781372/uromodulin-from-physiology-to-rare-and-complex-kidney-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Olivier Devuyst, Eric Olinger, Luca Rampoldi
Uromodulin (also known as Tamm-Horsfall protein) is exclusively produced in the kidney and is the most abundant protein in normal urine. The function of uromodulin remains elusive, but the available data suggest that this protein might regulate salt transport, protect against urinary tract infection and kidney stones, and have roles in kidney injury and innate immunity. Interest in uromodulin was boosted by genetic studies that reported involvement of the UMOD gene, which encodes uromodulin, in a spectrum of rare and common kidney diseases...
September 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771472/micrornas-in-the-mir-17-and-mir-15-families-are-downregulated-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-hypertension
#14
Priyanka Nandakumar, Adrienne Tin, Megan L Grove, Jianzhong Ma, Eric Boerwinkle, Josef Coresh, Aravinda Chakravarti
BACKGROUND: In older adults (aged 70-74 years), African-Americans have 4-fold higher risk of developing hypertension-attributed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than European-Americans. A hypothesized mechanism linking hypertension and progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the innate immune response and inflammation. Persons with CKD are also more susceptible to infection. Gene expression in peripheral blood can provide a view of the innate immune activation profile. We aimed to identify differentially expressed genes, microRNAs, and pathways in peripheral blood between cases with CKD and high blood pressure under hypertension treatment versus controls without CKD and with controlled blood pressure in African Americans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767915/evaluation-of-periodontal-condition-and-risk-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis
#15
Yeon Jung Kim, Luciana Martins de Moura, Christiane Peres Caldas, Caroline Perozini, Gilson Fernandes Ruivo, Debora Pallos
Objective: To establish a profile of periodontal conditions in chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis and their periodontal risk. Methods: We included 115 patients on hemodialysis. Clinical periodontal parameters assessed were: plaque index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment level. Patients were classified according to presence/absence and severity of periodontal disease and periodontal risk. Results: In 107 dentate patients (93%) the plaque index was 1...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764744/a-case-study-of-desmozoon-lepeophtherii-infection-in-farmed-atlantic-salmon-associated-with-gill-disease-peritonitis-intestinal-infection-stunted-growth-and-increased-mortality
#16
Simon Chioma Weli, Ole Bendik Dale, Haakon Hansen, Mona Cecilie Gjessing, Liv Birte Rønneberg, Knut Falk
BACKGROUND: In September 2008, a disease outbreak characterized by acute, severe gill pathology and peritonitis, involving the gastrointestinal tract, was observed in an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) farm in north-western Norway. During subsequent sampling in November 2008 and January 2009, chronic proliferative gill inflammation and peritonitis was observed. Cumulative mortalities of 5.6-12.8% and severe growth retardation were observed. Routine diagnostic analysis revealed no diseases known to salmon at the time, but microsporidian infection of tissues was observed...
August 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764263/acute-pyelonephritis-correlation-of-clinical-parameter-with-radiological-imaging-abnormalities
#17
Leelavathi Venkatesh, Ramalingiah Karadakere Hanumegowda
INTRODUCTION: Pyelonephritis (PN) is a suppurative infection of the kidney, most commonly due to bacterial infection and may be either acute or chronic. Acute PN (APN) subdivided into uncomplicated and complicated. Severity of PN cannot be assessed by clinical or laboratorial parameters alone, radiological imaging such as Ultrasound (USG) abdomen, Computed Tomography (CT) is required to know the nature, extent and severity of disease and for planning interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and biochemical parameters with radiological findings (USG/CT) among patients diagnosed to have PN...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762691/hiv-associated-complications-a-systems-based-approach
#18
REVIEW
Carolyn Chu, Lealah C Pollock, Peter A Selwyn
Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop complications related directly to the infection, as well as to treatment. Aging, lifestyle factors, and comorbidities increase the risk of developing chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. HIV-associated neurologic complications encompass a wide spectrum of pathophysiology and symptomatology. Cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions are common among persons with HIV infection. Although some specific antiretroviral medications have been linked to disease development, traditional risk factors (e...
August 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761770/extended-peritoneal-dialysis-and-renal-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-prolonged-aki-a-report-of-2-cases
#19
Donlawat Saengpanit, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Piyaporn Towannang, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has recently been established as a treatment option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Its efficacy in providing fluid and small solute removal has also been demonstrated in clinical trials and is equivalent to hemodialysis (HD). However, effect of RRT modality on renal recovery after AKI remains a controversy. Moreover, the setting of human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with AKI requiring RRT makes the decision on RRT initiation and modality selection more complicated...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761234/the-epidemiology-clinical-features-and-outcome-of-infection-related-glomerulonephritis-from-east-india-a-single-center-experience
#20
M Trivedi, A Pasari, A R Chowdhury, A A Kurien, R Pandey
Infection-related glomerulonephritis (IRGN) is an example of immunological renal injury due to non-renal infections. With the changing face of IRGN over the years, renal biopsy definitely has an important role to play in differentiating this disease from the other masquerades and helps in prognosticating the long-term outcomes. This prospective study includes biopsy-proven IRGN cases who presented to us from July 2010 to July 2013 from a single center in East India. Of the 168 patients suspected and screened, 137 patients were proved to have IRGN...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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