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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208901/a-comparative-study-of-neurological-complications-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-special-reference-to-its-stages-and-haemodialysis-status
#1
S G Shyam Lakshman, P Ravikumar, Giridhari Kar, Dwijen Das, Kallol Bhattacharjee, Prithwiraj Bhattacharjee
INTRODUCTION: Globally, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a critical and rapidly growing health problem and also a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Neurological complications occur in all levels of the nervous system. Central nervous system complications include cerebrovascular accidents, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, osmotic demyelization syndrome, cerebral infection and sinus vein thrombosis. Peripheral nervous system complications include polyneuropathy, mononeuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203019/-investigation-of-risk-factors-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-3-years-follow-up
#2
X H Li, F Xiao, S Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG),and to compare the effects of AKI on complications after operation and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) after 3 years' follow-up. METHODS: In the study, 299 consecutive patients who underwent scheduled off-pump CABG from January 2010 to March 2012 were included. The patients were divided into AKI group with AKI and control group without AKI after operation...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192452/increased-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Hsin-Hsi Tsai, Ruoh-Fang Yen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: To determine whether acute kidney injury (AKI) is a risk factor for dementia. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for 2000-2011. The incidence and relative risk of dementia were assessed in 207788 patients hospitalized for AKI. The comparison control was selected using the propensity score based on age, sex, index year and comorbidities. RESULTS: During the 12-year follow-up, patients with AKI had a significantly higher incidence for developing dementia than did the controls (8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190493/utility-of-urinary-alkaline-phosphatase-and-%C3%AE-glutamyl-transpeptidase-in-diagnosing-acute-kidney-injury-in-dogs
#4
Ran Nivy, Yochai Avital, Itamar Aroch, Gilad Segev
The diagnostic utility of urinary alkaline phosphatase (uALP) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (uGGT) activities in naturally occurring acute kidney injury (AKI) was investigated in a heterogeneous group of dogs. The study included client-owned dogs with AKI (n = 32), chronic kidney disease (CKD, n = 13), lower urinary tract infection (LUTI, n = 15) and healthy controls (n = 24). uGGT and uALP activities were normalised to urinary creatinine (uCr) concentrations (uGGT/uCr and uALP/uCr, respectively)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189092/polyomavirus-bk-and-jc-in-individuals-with-chronic-kidney-failure-kidney-transplantation-and-healthy-controls
#5
Talita Castro, Maria Cristina Domingues Fink, Marilia Figueiredo, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Cláudio Mendes Pannuti, Karem Lopez Ortega, Marina Gallottini
BACKGROUND: New clinical approaches to diagnose and monitor individuals with systemic diseases have been employed through the use of oral fluids. Polyomavirus BK (BKPyV) and JC (JCPyV) infect asymptomatically around 80% of general population worldwide remaining latent in the body. In case of immunosuppression, a replication can occur, leading to diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect and quantify BKPyV and JCPyV in oral fluids of individuals with chronic kidney failure (CKF), kidney transplantation (KT) and controls compared with their detection in blood and urine, traditionally used for this test...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183270/estimation-of-renal-function-by-ckd-epi-versus-mdrd-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
M P Cristelli, F Cofán, N Rico, J C Trullàs, C Manzardo, F Agüero, J L Bedini, A Moreno, F Oppenheimer, J M Miro
BACKGROUND: Accurately determining renal function is essential for clinical management of HIV patients. Classically, it has been evaluated by estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with the MDRD-equation, but today there is evidence that the new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation has greater diagnostic accuracy. To date, however, little information exists on patients with HIV-infection. This study aimed to evaluate eGFR by CKD-EPI vs. MDRD equations and to stratify renal function according to KDIGO guidelines...
February 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177854/risk-factors-for-30-day-hospital-re-admission-with-an-infectious-complication-after-lower-extremity-vascular-procedures
#7
Joseph C Melvin, Jamie B Smith, Robin L Kruse, Todd R Vogel
BACKGROUND: Lowering the 30-d re-admission rate after vascular surgery offers the potential to improve healthcare quality. This study evaluated re-admission associated with infections after open and endovascular lower extremity (LE) procedures for peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Patients admitted for elective LE procedures for PAD were selected from the Cerner Health Facts(®) database. Chi-square analysis evaluated the characteristics of the index admission associated with infection at 30-d re-admission...
February 8, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177788/a-fast-and-accurate-method-of-detecting-aleutian-mink-disease-virus-in-blood-and-tissues-of-chronically-infected-mink
#8
A H Farid, Priyanka P Rupasinghe
The objective of this study was to assess sensitivity of the Omni Klentaq-LA DNA polymerase for detecting Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) in mink blood and tissues by PCR without DNA extraction. The presence of AMDV DNA was directly tested by Klentaq in plasma, serum, whole blood and spleen homogenates of 188 mink 4 and 16 months after inoculation with the virus. Samples from bone marrow, small intestine, liver, lungs, kidneys and lymph nodes of 20 of the same mink were also tested by Klentaq. DNA was extracted from paired samples of plasma and the aforesaid tissues by a commercial nucleic acid extraction kit (Dynabeads Silane) and tested by PCR...
January 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176463/severe-chronic-norovirus-diarrheal-disease-in-transplant-recipients-clinical-features-of-an-under-recognized-syndrome
#9
Robin K Avery, Bonnie E Lonze, Edward S Kraus, Kieren A Marr, Robert A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Norovirus (NV) infection has been reported as a cause of severe chronic diarrhea in transplant recipients, but this entity remains under-recognized in clinical practice, leading to diagnostic delays. Transplant clinicians should become familiar with this syndrome in order to facilitate early detection and management. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and outcomes variables were summarized from a series of transplant recipients with positive stool NV reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays at Johns Hopkins in 2013-2014...
February 7, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172581/first-occurrence-of-diabetes-chronic-kidney-disease-and-hypertension-among-north-american-hiv-infected-adults-2000-2013
#10
Cherise Wong, Stephen J Gange, Kate Buchacz, Richard D Moore, Amy C Justice, Michael A Horberg, M John Gill, John R Koethe, Peter F Rebeiro, Michael J Silverberg, Frank J Palella, Pragna Patel, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Alison G Abraham, Hasina Samji, Sonia Napravnik, Tareq Ahmed, Jennifer E Thorne, Ronald J Bosch, Angel M Mayor, Keri N Althoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167558/pharmacokinetic-and-tissue-distribution-of-benznidazole-after-oral-administration-in-mice
#11
Luísa Perin, Rodrigo Moreira da Silva, Kátia da Silva Fonseca, Jamille Mirelle de Oliveira Cardoso, Fernando Augusto Siqueira Mathias, Levi Eduardo Soares Reis, Israel Molina, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira, Paula Melo de Abreu Vieira, Cláudia Martins Carneiro
Specific chemotherapy using Benznidazole (BNZ) for Chagas disease during the chronic stage is controversial due to its limited efficacy and toxic effects. Although BNZ has been used to treat Chagas disease since the 1970s, few studies about the biodistribution of this drug exist. In this study, BNZ tissue biodistribution in a murine model and its pharmacokinetic profile in plasma were monitored. A bioanalytical high-performance liquid chromatography with an ultraviolet detector (HPLC-UV) method was developed and validated according to the European Medicines Agency for quantification of BNZ in organs and plasma samples prepared by liquid-liquid extraction using ethyl acetate...
February 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167208/resveratrol-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-and-organ-dysfunction-in-schistosoma-mansoni-infected-mice
#12
R H Soliman, O A Ismail, M S Badr, S M Nasr
Schistosoma mansoni causes a major chronic debilitating disease in more than 230 million people around the world. The pathognomonic granuloma is a major cause of the oxidative stress encountered as a consequence of infection not only in the liver, but also in other important organs as spleen, lung, brain and kidney. Resveratrol administration at a dose of 20 mg/kg once daily for two weeks to mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni resulted in improvement in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Enzymatic antioxidant profile showed significant modulations in Superoxide dismutase, catalase activities and reduced glutathione levels...
February 4, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165585/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-recommendations-for-diagnostics-and-treatment
#13
Pavlina Dzekova-Vidimliski, Aleksandar Sikole
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. It is necessary to determine the HCV genotype and the viral load to monitor the clinical and laboratory features and to establish an optimal antiviral treatment strategy. Antiviral treatments are presented with a standard interferon-based regimen and new direct-acting antiviral agents. The advent of direct-acting antivirals has improved the efficacy and safety of HCV treatment for most patients, even in difficult-to-treat populations such as patients on hemodialysis...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153964/anemia-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-iron-repletion-current-and-future-therapies
#14
REVIEW
Ahmed Zeidan, Sunil Bhandari
Iron deficiency, both functional and absolute, is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially those requiring dialysis. Guidelines advocate treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in patients with CKD and those on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Oral iron is often insufficient and slow to improve hemoglobin concentrations because of high hepcidin levels causing impaired absorption and mobilization, while intravenous (IV) supplementation replenishes and maintains iron stores more effectively and is now standard practice (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes [KDIGO] 2012 guidelines)...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149647/hepatitis-c-and-kidney-disease-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Rashad S Barsoum, Emad A William, Soha S Khalil
Hepatitis-C (HCV) infection can induce kidney injury, mostly due to formation of immune-complexes and cryoglobulins, and possibly to a direct cytopathic effect. It may cause acute kidney injury (AKI) as a part of systemic vasculitis, and augments the risk of AKI due to other etiologies. It is responsible for mesangiocapillary or membranous glomerulonephritis, and accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease due to other causes. HCV infection increases cardiovascular and liver-related mortality in patients on regular dialysis...
March 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138432/spontaneous-nephrocutaneous-fistula-rare-complication-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis
#16
Rami Alazab, Hamzeh M Ghawanmeh, Faris Abushamma, Omar Ababneh, Anas I Al-Karasneh
Renocutaneous fistulae may occur as a result of chronic infection, especially in the setting of calculous disease.(1) Spontaneous renocutaneous is rare.(2) Usually nephrocutanous fistula developed in patient with previous renal surgery, trauma, tumors, and chronic urinary tract infection with abscess formation. We report a case of spontaneous nephrocutaneous fistula. A 37-year-old women previously well presented to ER department with purulent discharge and a palpable mass on the left lumbar area. CT scan with IV contrast fistulous tract seen within the subcutaneous plane in Left lumbar region tracking towards retroperitoneal space, and in continuity with of left kidney...
February 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134710/mortal-allies-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-noncommunicable-diseases
#17
Elizabeth S Mayne, Jaya A George
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HIV-infected individuals have improved access to antiretroviral therapy. This has resulted in a shift in causes of mortality from infectious diseases to noncommunicable diseases including cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and malignancies. This review will look at the epidemiological shift, risk factors for the development of these diseases and examine some of the supporting laboratory diagnostic testing, which may be required. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors for the development of these diseases in HIV-infected patients include underlying genetic predisposition, lifestyle risk factors, chronic inflammation as a consequence of HIV infection, the presence and persistence of opportunistic infections and in some cases, highly active antiretroviral therapy, itself...
March 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133935/post-transplant-immune-complex-nephritis-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-with-anca-vasculitis
#18
Carlos Sanchez, Alejandra Rebolledo, Junior Gahona, Mauricio Rojas, Raquel Jiménez, Aurora Bojórquez
Nearly 20% of SLE corresponds to the pediatric population, and 75% of them have kidney involvement representing an important etiology of chronic kidney disease. A correlation between SLE and ANCA-associated vasculitis has been identified as an overlapping syndrome. Kidney allograft recurrence is rare in SLE when disease control is achieved and with nowadays immunosuppression treatment. Histologic transformation is unusual, especially when there are negative serologic markers and no immune complex deposition reported in native kidneys...
January 29, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132959/detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-in-kidney-samples-of-red-deer-cervus-elaphus-in-portugal-evaluation-of-different-methods
#19
Ana C Matos, Luis Figueira, Maria H Martins, Manuela Matos, Sofia Álvares, Andreia Mendes, Maria L Pinto, Ana C Coelho
Paratuberculosis or Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), is a chronic granulomatous enteritis affecting both domestic and wild ruminants. The present work is part of a wider set of studies designed to assess the prevalence of paratuberculosis in free ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus). With that purpose, 877 free-ranging red deer legally hunted in the Centre-eastern Portugal were submitted to necropsy and sampled for molecular methods, microbiology and histopathology...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132082/high-tacrolimus-blood-concentrations-early-after-lung-transplantation-and-the-risk-of-kidney-injury
#20
M A Sikma, C C Hunault, E A van de Graaf, M C Verhaar, J Kesecioglu, D W de Lange, J Meulenbelt
PURPOSE: Lung transplant recipients often develop acute kidney injury (AKI) evolving into chronic kidney disease (CKD). The immunosuppressant tacrolimus might be associated with the emergence of AKI. We analyzed the development and recovery of kidney injury after lung transplantation and related AKI to whole-blood tacrolimus trough concentrations and other factors causing kidney injury. METHODS: We retrospectively studied kidney injury in 186 lung-transplantation patients at the UMC Utrecht between 2001 and 2011...
January 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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