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Infections chronic kidney disease

Horng-Ruey Chua, Weng-Kin Wong, Venetia Huiling Ong, Dipika Agrawal, Anantharaman Vathsala, Hui-Ming Tay, Amartya Mukhopadhyay
PURPOSE: To evaluate 1-year mortality in patients with septic acute kidney injury (AKI) and to determine association between initial AKI recovery patterns ( reversal within 5 days, beyond 5 days but recovery, or nonrecovery) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. METHODS: Prospective observational study, with retrospective evaluation of initial nonconsenters, of critically ill patients with septic AKI. RESULTS: We studied 207 patients (age, mean [SD]: 64 [16] years, 39% males), of which 56 (27%), 18 (9%), and 9 (4%) died in intensive care unit (ICU), post-ICU in hospital, and posthospitalization, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mariusz Kusztal, Krzysztof Nowak
For arrhythmia treatment or sudden cardiac death prevention in hemodialysis patients, there is a frequent need for placement of a cardiac implantable electronic device (pacemaker, implantable cardioverter defibrillator, or cardiac resynchronization device). Leads from a cardiac implantable electronic device can cause central vein stenosis and carry the risk of tricuspid regurgitation or contribute to infective endocarditis. In patients with end-stage kidney disease requiring vascular access and cardiac implantable electronic device, the best strategy is to create an arteriovenous fistula on the contralateral upper limb for a cardiac implantable electronic device and avoidance of central vein catheter...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Nancy Kim, Roxanna Juarez, Angela D Levy
In patients with end-stage renal disease, the treatment of choice for most patients is renal transplantation. Complications that occur after kidney transplant can be broadly divided into vascular and non-vascular categories. Non-vascular complications can further be divided into surgical and medical categories. When evaluating renal transplant imaging, it is helpful to consider the occurrence of complications in a timeline from time of surgery. Ultrasound is often the first modality used for evaluation of renal transplants particularly in the early postoperative period...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Duncan R Morhardt, Miriam Hadj-Moussa, He Chang, J Stuart Wolf, William W Roberts, John T Stoffel, Gary J Faerber, Anne P Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of clinical factors on outcomes in SCI patients undergoing ureteroscopy. Immobility, recurrent urinary tract infection, and lower urinary tract dysfunction contribute to renal stone formation in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Ureteroscopy is a commonly utilized treatment modality, however, surgical complication rates and outcomes have been poorly defined. Evidence guiding safe and effective treatment of stones in this cohort remains scarce. METHODS: Records were retrospectively reviewed for SCI patients who underwent ureteroscopy for kidney stones from 1996-2014 at a single institution...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Soon Young Ko, Won Hyeok Choe
The advent of novel, direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens for hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection has revolutionized its treatment by producing a sustained virologic response of more than 95% with few side effects and no comorbidities in the general population. Until recently, ideal DAA regimens have not been available to patients with severe renal impairment and end-stage renal disease because there are limited data on the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of treatment in this unique population. In a hemodialysis context, identifying patients in need of treatment and preventing HCV transmission may also be a matter of concern...
March 16, 2018: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Franck Maunoury, Aurore Clément, Chizoba Nwankwo, Laurie Levy-Bachelot, Armand Abergel, Vincent Di Martino, Eric Thervet, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) regimen in patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with severe and end-stage renal disease compared to no treatment. DESIGN: This study uses a health economic model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of treating previously untreated and treatment experienced chronic hepatitis C patients who have severe and end stage renal disease with the elbasvir-grazoprevir regimen versus no treatment in the French context...
2018: PloS One
Tiong Y Lim, Enoka Gonsalkorala, Mary D Cannon, Stella Gabeta, Leonie Penna, Nigel D Heaton, Michael A Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a successful treatment for both acute liver failure and end-stage liver disease. The number of women of reproductive age undergoing LT is increasing. Pregnancy outcomes are favourable but there is still a lack of prognostic markers. We aimed to identify factors predictive of adverse pregnancy outcomes in LT recipients. METHODS: An analysis of all pregnancies occurring in LT recipients from 1989-2016 at King's College Hospital was performed...
March 14, 2018: Liver Transplantation
I-Ling Chen, Chen-Hsiang Lee, Shih-Wen Ting, Lily Yu-Chin Wang
Objectives: The increasing number of reports on infections due to carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) has raised concerns, because they have complicated empiric or guided antibiotic therapy for critically ill patients. We aimed to develop a scoring system to predict nosocomial imipenem-resistant GNB (IR-GNB) septicemia among the critically ill patients. Materials and methods: The study included critically ill adult patients with nosocomial GNB septicemia at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) in 2013-2015, and the scoring system for predicting IR-GNB septicemia was developed, followed by prospective validation conducted among patients at Linkou CGMH and Kaohsiung CGMH between January and June, 2016...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Iwona Żychowska, Dorota Suszek, Magdalena Dryglewska, Maria Majdan
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by alternating periods of activity and remission. A portion of the patients suffers from the chronically active form of the disease. The search for clinically useful markers of its activity is ongoing. At present, it is suggested that β2-microglobulin (β2M) may be useful in assessing SLE activity. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the paper was to investigate the relationship between serum β2M concentration and SLE activity...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Alexander J Skokan, Robert Caleb Kovell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As long-term survival with complex congenital and pediatric diseases has improved, more patients with congenital genitourinary conditions are living into adulthood. These patients can continue to face lifelong issues related to their conditions, including urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections, chronic kidney disease, and difficulties with sexual health and function. RECENT FINDINGS: The practice of transitional urology continues to grow nationwide and abroad, and it will be important to develop evidence-based practices for coordinated transition of these patients into the adult health care setting...
March 7, 2018: Current Urology Reports
M Sahay, Y Saivani, K Ismal, P S Vali
Systemic lupus erythematosus is common in our country, and renal involvement is an important cause of chronic kidney disease. This study was aimed at comparing the three regimens, i.e., cyclophosphamide-based regimes (low dose and high dose) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based regime and determining if cyclophosphamide (CPM)-based regime can be an effective, safe, and cheap alternative to MMF-based regime in a resource-limited setting. Out of 144 patients, females constituted 89%. Nephrotic nephritic presentation was the most common...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Andreas Ambrosch, Alfons Klinger, Doris Luber, Claudia Arp, Marc Lepiorz, Stefan Schroll, Frank Klawonn
There is little evidence on the clinical characteristics and the course of complicated infections with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) compared to influenza A in adults. Therefore, the present monocenter study aims to compare infections with RSV and influenza A with regard to potential predisposing factors, clinical profile, course and outcome in hospitalized patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  the study was performed between Jan 1th and March 31 this year and included all hospitalized patients with a Polymerase chain-reaction-(PCR) confirmed infection of influenza A and RSV...
March 6, 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Christine M Durand, Mary G Bowring, Diane M Brown, Michael A Chattergoon, Guido Massaccesi, Nichole Bair, Russell Wesson, Ashraf Reyad, Fizza F Naqvi, Darin Ostrander, Jeremy Sugarman, Dorry L Segev, Mark Sulkowski, Niraj M Desai
Background: Given the high mortality rate for patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving dialysis and the efficacy and safety of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments, discarded kidneys from HCV-infected donors may be a neglected public health resource. Objective: To determine the tolerability and feasibility of using direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) as prophylaxis before and after kidney transplantation from HCV-infected donors to non-HCV-infected recipients (that is, HCV D+/R- transplantation)...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Shokoufeh Savaj, Seyedeh Ghazal Hosseini, Ahad J Ghods
INTRODUCTION: Non-human leukocyte antigen antibodies are an independent risk factor for acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients. Among them, angiotensin II receptor type 1 (ART1) antibodies can induce various effects, but their clinical importance in kidney transplant recipients has not been properly explained. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ART1 antibodies on allograft function and hypertension in stable kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one kidney recipients from non- human leukocyte antigen antibodies-matched donors with stable allograft function were examined for estimated glomerular filtration rate (Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration formula) and ART1 antibodies (measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method)...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Brenda C M De Winter, Dennis A Hesselink, Nassim Kamar
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the most common cause of viral hepatitis worldwide. Genotypes 1 and 2 (GT1 and GT2) are mainly present in developing countries, while GT3 and GT4 are prevalent in developed and high-income countries. In the majority of cases, HEV causes a self-limiting hepatitis. GT3 and GT4 can be responsible for a chronic hepatitis that can lead to cirrhosis in immunocompromized patients, i.e. solid-organ- and stem-cell-transplant-patients, human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, and patients receiving chemotherapy or immunotherapy...
February 27, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Akash Deep, Romit Saxena, Bipin Jose
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common accompaniment in patients with liver disease. The causes, risk factors, manifestations and management of AKI in these patients vary according to the liver disease in question (acute liver failure, acute-on-chronic liver failure, post-liver transplantation or metabolic liver disease). There are multiple causes of AKI in patients with liver disease-pre-renal, acute tubular necrosis, post-renal, drug-induced renal failure and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Definitions of AKI in liver failure are periodically revised and updated, but pediatric definitions have still to see the light of the day...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: AIDS
Yi-Chun Chen, Chung-Yi Li, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Yen-Chun Chen
AIM: To investigate the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with and without nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included 103444 Taiwanese CKD adults without hepatitis C virus infection from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 between 1997 and 2012. We identified 2916 CKD patients who acquired HBV infection and did not receive NAs (untreated cohort), and they were propensity-matched 1:4 with 11664 uninfected counterparts...
February 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Carmen Fontela, Jesús Castilla, Regina Juanbeltz, Iván Martínez-Baz, María Rivero, Aisling O'Leary, Natalia Larrea, Ramón San Miguel
OBJECTIVES: The increased survival of HIV-infected individuals has resulted in a premature aging of this population, with the consequent development of premature age-related comorbidities and risk factors. We aimed to describe the prevalence of age-related comorbidities and cardiovascular risk factors in older adults with HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was undertaken in a cohort of HIV patients aged ≥50 years on ART in September 2016 in Spain...
February 28, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
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