keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic kidney disease sepsis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776828/septic-acute-kidney-injury-patients-in-emergency-department-the-risk-factors-and-its-correlation-to-serum-lactate
#1
Yin-Chou Hsu, Chih-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in septic patients, imposing a heavy burden of illness in terms of morbidity and mortality. Serum lactate is a widely used marker predicting the severity of sepsis. A paucity of research has investigated septic AKI in emergency departments (EDs) and its correlation with initial serum lactate level. This study aimed at identifying risk factors for septic AKI and clarifying the link between initial serum lactate level and septic AKI in ED patients...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738027/hydralazine-associated-adverse-events-a-report-of-two-cases-of-hydralazine-induced-anca-vasculitis
#2
Roman Zuckerman, Mayurkumar Patel, Eric J Costanzo, Harry Dounis, Rany Al Haj, Seyedehsara Seyedali, Arif Asif
Hydralazine is a direct-acting vasodilator, which has been used in treatment for hypertension (HTN) since the 1950s. While it is well known to cause drug-induced lupus (DIL), recent reports are indicating the emergence of the drug-induced anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (DIV). Herein, we describe two patients (aged 57 and 87 years) who presented with severe acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria, and hematuria. Both were receiving hydralazine for the treatment of hypertension...
May 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725629/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-the-changing-landscape-for-the-21st-century
#3
REVIEW
Swati Rao, Belinda Jim
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (Pr-AKI) remains a large public health problem, with decreasing incidences in developing countries but seemingly increasing incidences in the United States and Canada. These epidemiologic changes are reflective of the advances in medical and obstetric care, as well as changes in underlying maternal risk factors. The risk factors associated with advanced maternal age, such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and those associated with reproductive technologies such as multiple gestations, are increasing...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724988/total-gastric-necrosis-due-to-mucormycosis-a-rare-case-of-gastric-perforation
#4
Salah Termos, Feras Othman, Mohammad Alali, Bader M S Al Bader, Talal Alkhadher, Wael Fathi Hassanaiah, Ali Taqi, Abhijit Sapkal
BACKGROUND Spontaneous gastric perforation is usually a complication of peptic ulcer disease, or a postoperative complication resulting from gastric torsion. Mucormycosis (or zygomycosis) is an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection that is usually seen in immunocompromised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This report is of a rare case of spontaneous gastric perforation due to mucormycosis infection. CASE REPORT A 52-year-old woman, with a past medical history of heroin abuse, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease treated by dialysis, presented to the emergency department with cellulitis of the arms...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697879/drawing-attention-to-a-neglected-injecting-related-harm-a-systematic-review-of-aa-amyloidosis-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#5
REVIEW
Magdalena Harris, Rachel Brathwaite, Jenny Scott, Gail Gilchrist, Dan Ciccarone, Vivian Hope, Catherine R McGowan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) among people who inject drugs (PWID) can lead to AA-amyloidosis: a serious, yet neglected, multi-organ disease. We aim to synthesise findings on the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical outcomes, screening recommendations, and challenges to treatment for AA-amyloidosis among PWID. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
April 26, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697866/etiologies-and-predictors-of-30-day-readmissions-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-mechanical-circulatory-support-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-united-states-insights-from-the-nationwide-readmissions-database
#6
Chirag Bavishi, Alejandro Lemor, Vrinda Trivedi, Saurav Chatterjee, Pedro Moreno, John Lasala, Herbert D Aronow, J Dawn Abbott
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (pMCS)-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represent a high-risk group vulnerable to complications and readmissions. HYPOTHESIS: Thirty-day readmissions after pMCS-assisted PCI are common among patients with comorbidities and account for a significant amount of healthcare spending. METHODS: Patients undergoing PCI and pMCS (Impella, TandemHeart, or intra-aortic balloon pump) for any indication between January 1, 2012, and November 30, 2014, were selected from the Nationwide Readmissions Database...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696105/cumulative-positive-fluid-balance-is-a-risk-factor-for-acute-kidney-injury-and-requirement-for-renal-replacement-therapy-after-liver-transplantation
#7
Liana Codes, Ygor Gomes de Souza, Ricardo Azevedo Cruz D'Oliveira, Jorge Luiz Andrade Bastos, Paulo Lisboa Bittencourt
AIM: To analyze whether fluid overload is an independent risk factor of adverse outcomes after liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one patients submitted to LT were retrospectively evaluated. Data regarding perioperative and postoperative variables previously associated with adverse outcomes after LT were reviewed. Cumulative fluid balance (FB) in the first 12 h and 4 d after surgery were compared with major adverse outcomes after LT. RESULTS: Most of the patients were submitted to a liberal approach of fluid administration with a mean cumulative FB over 5 L and 10 L, respectively, in the first 12 h and 4 d after LT...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690924/the-effect-of-regularly-dosed-paracetamol-versus-no-paracetamol-on-renal-function-in-plasmodium-knowlesi-malaria-packnow-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Daniel J Cooper, Katherine Plewes, Matthew J Grigg, Giri S Rajahram, Kim A Piera, Timothy William, Mark D Chatfield, Tsin Wen Yeo, Arjen M Dondorp, Nicholas M Anstey, Bridget E Barber
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium knowlesi is the most common cause of human malaria in Malaysia. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication. AKI of any cause can have long-term consequences, including increased risk of chronic kidney disease, adverse cardiovascular events and increased mortality. Additional management strategies are therefore needed to reduce the frequency and severity of AKI in malaria. In falciparum malaria, cell-free haemoglobin (CFHb)-mediated oxidative damage contributes to AKI...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657198/scoring-systems-and-outcome-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-admitted-in-intensive-care-units
#9
Jitendra Goswami, Manish R Balwani, Vivek Kute, Manoj Gumber, Mohan Patel, Umesh Godhani
The outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is difficult to predict. This study assessed the outcome of CKD patients admitted to the ICU and evaluated prediction of 30-day mortality using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II), Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. One hundred consecutive CKD patients admitted to the ICU at a tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad between 2011 and 2013 were included prospectively...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644069/clinical-course-after-parathyroidectomy-in-adults-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-maintenance-dialysis
#10
Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Thevandra Kalaiselvam, Normayah Kitan, Bak Leong Goh
Background: Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is done in cases of secondary hyperparathyroidism from chronic kidney disease to improve renal osteodystrophy. Despite this widespread practice, clinical outcomes regarding the benefits of this procedure are still lacking. Most studies in the literature have opted to report the laboratory outcome instead. Our study aimed to evaluate the postoperative clinical course for patients who had undergone total PTX without autoimplantation. Methods and results: All patients who underwent PTX between January 2010 and February 2014 in a tertiary referral center were included in this study and followed up for 12 months...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589603/acute-kidney-injury-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#11
C Dudreuilh, R Aguiar, M Ostermann
Managing kidney transplant patients in an acute medical unit can be challenging, as patients have a single functioning kidney, underlying chronic kidney disease, and are immunosuppressed. Transplant patients develop AKI for all usual reasons but the differential diagnosis is wider and includes specific problems, such as obstruction of a single functioning kidney, vascular thrombosis, rejection, drug toxicity and drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy. Septic AKI is common but again, the differential diagnosis of sepsis is wider...
2018: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579873/long-term-survival-and-evolution-of-the-kidney-function-for-liver-transplant-patients-who-required-postoperative-dialysis
#12
F Rosique, J B Cabezuelo, D Ferreras, M R González-Sánchez, J Ros, J A Pons, P A Cascales-Campos, F Sánchez-Bueno, R Robles, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
Patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) frequently develop chronic kidney disease, with those who present postoperative acute kidney failure and require renal replacement therapy (RRT) at higher risk. The objective of the study was to assess the kidney function and long-term survival of patients who underwent OLT and required RRT during or in the immediate postoperative period. Medical records of OLT and postoperative RRT patients with over 6-month survival were reviewed between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543788/trends-in-hospitalizations-for-acute-kidney-injury-united-states-2000-2014
#13
Meda E Pavkov, Jessica L Harding, Nilka R Burrows
Acute kidney injury is a sudden decrease in kidney function with or without kidney damage, occurring over a few hours or days. Diabetes, hypertension, and advanced age are primary risk factors for acute kidney injury. It is increasingly recognized as an in-hospital complication of sepsis, heart conditions, and surgery (1,2). Its most severe stage requires treatment with dialysis. Acute kidney injury is also associated with higher likelihood of long-term care, incidence of chronic kidney disease and hospital mortality, and health care costs (1,2)...
March 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451000/novel-automated-immune-turbidimetric-assay-for-routine-urinary-cystatin-c-determinations
#14
Balázs Szirmay, Péter Kustán, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Ágnes Lakatos, Diána Mühl, István Wittmann, Attila Miseta, Gábor L Kovács, Tamás Kőszegi
AIM: There is no commercially available urinary cystatin-C (u-CYSC) test in the market. Therefore, we optimized and validated an automated immune turbidimetric test for u-CYSC measurements and investigated u-CYSC concentrations in acute and chronic diseases which might lead to renal tubular disorders. MATERIALS & METHODS: A particle-enhanced immune turbidimetric assay was adapted and validated on a Cobas 8000/c502 analyzer. Urine samples of different patient groups were also analyzed...
March 1, 2018: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447854/risk-factors-and-associated-complications-for-postoperative-urinary-retention-after-lumbar-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#15
Joshua L Golubovsky, Haariss Ilyas, Jinxiao Chen, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a very common postoperative complication of all surgeries (5%-70%) that may lead to complications such as urinary tract infection (UTI), bladder overdistension, autonomic dysregulation, and increased postoperative length of stay (LOS). Within the field of spine surgery, the reported incidence rate of POUR is highly variable (5.6%-38%). Lack of clear stratification of surgical level, spinal pathology, and inadequate sample size are major limitations of available studies concerning POUR following spine surgery, which may lead to inconsistency in the incidence of POUR and the ability to model its occurrence and consequences...
February 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445837/alkaline-phosphatases-in-the-complex-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorders
#16
Jordi Bover, Pablo Ureña, Armando Aguilar, Sandro Mazzaferro, Silvia Benito, Víctor López-Báez, Alejandra Ramos, Iara daSilva, Mario Cozzolino
Alkaline phosphatases (APs) remove the phosphate (dephosphorylation) needed in multiple metabolic processes (from many molecules such as proteins, nucleotides, or pyrophosphate). Therefore, APs are important for bone mineralization but paradoxically they can also be deleterious for other processes, such as vascular calcification and the increasingly known cross-talk between bone and vessels. A proper balance between beneficial and harmful activities is further complicated in the context of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
February 14, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383636/the-dark-side-of-the-kidney-in-cardio-renal-syndrome-renal-venous-hypertension-and-congestive-kidney-failure
#17
REVIEW
Pierpaolo Di Nicolò
Renal involvement in some forms of acute or chronic diseases, such as heart failure or sepsis, presents with a complex pathophysiological basis that is not always clearly distinguishable. In these clinical settings, kidney failure is traditionally and almost exclusively attributed to renal hypoperfusion and it is commonly accepted that causal elements are pre-renal, such as a reduction in the ejection fraction or absolute or relative hypovolemia acting directly on oxygen transport mechanisms and renal autoregulation systems, causing a reduction of glomerular filtration rate...
March 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378487/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neurocritical-care
#18
Stefan Büttner, Andrea Stadler, Christoph Mayer, Sammy Patyna, Christoph Betz, Christian Senft, Helmut Geiger, Oliver Jung, Fabian Finkelmeier
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a severe complication in medical and surgical intensive care units accounting for a high morbidity and mortality. Incidence, risk factors, and prognostic impact of this deleterious condition are well established in this setting. Data concerning the neurocritically ill patients is scarce. Therefore, aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AKI and elucidate risk factors in this special population. METHODS: Patients admitted to a specialized neurocritical care unit between 2005 and 2011 with a length of stay above 48 hours were analyzed retrospectively for incidence, cause, and outcome of AKI (AKI Network-stage ≥2)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341864/comparison-of-acute-kidney-injury-of-different-etiology-reveals-in-common-mechanisms-of-tissue-damage
#19
Michael Hultström, Mediha Becirovic-Agic, Sofia Jönsson
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome of reduced glomerular filtration rate and urine production caused by a number of different diseases. It is associated with renal tissue damage. This tissue damage can cause tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis that leads to nephron loss and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review describes the in-common mechanisms behind tissue damage in AKI caused by different underlying diseases. Comparing six high-quality microarray studies of renal gene expression after AKI in disease models (gram-negative sepsis, gram-positive sepsis, ischemia-reperfusion, malignant hypertension, rhabdomyolysis, and cisplatin toxicity) identified 5,254 differentially expressed genes in at least one of the AKI models; 66% of genes were found only in one model, showing that there are unique features to AKI depending on the underlying disease...
March 1, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317843/calcium-channel-blockade-and-survival-in-recipients-of-successful-renal-transplant-an-analysis-of-the-favorit-trial-results
#20
Larry A Weinrauch, Jiankang Liu, Brian Claggett, Peter V Finn, Matthew R Weir, John A D'Elia
Introduction: Single-center and observational studies have suggested that calcium channel blocking agents may decrease the expression of sepsis in individual populations. In the renal transplant population, a role for calcium channel blockers in allograft protection and in prevention of sepsis has been postulated. We hypothesized that any important survival benefit or risk related to chronic use of calcium channel blocking agents should be discernable through an analysis of a large database of stable recipients of renal allografts who had enrolled in a large international trial...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
keyword
keyword
55355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"