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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150893/identifying-and-addressing-sexual-health-in-serious%C3%A2-mental-illness-views-of-mental-health-staff-working-in-two-national-health-service-organizations-in-england
#1
Elizabeth Hughes, Amanda J Edmondson, Ijeoma Onyekwe, Chris Quinn, Fiona Nolan
People with serious mental illness (service users) have needs related to sexual health and sexuality, yet these have been poorly addressed in mental health services. In the present study, we report the current practice of mental health professionals in relation to sexual health. Focus groups conducted in two mental health trusts explored routine practice in relation to discussing, assessing, and planning care in relation to sexual health. A thematic analysis identified seven themes: (i) sexual health provision is a complex issue; (ii) mental health staff are aware of sexual health needs; (iii) current provision regarding sexual health is 'neglected'; (iv) barriers to sexual health provision; (v) enabling a discussion around sexual health; (vi) sexual health provision is a role for mental health professionals; and (vii) training needs...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150314/connecting-qualitative-research-on-exercise-and-environment-to-public-health-agendas-requires-an-equity-lens
#2
Stephanie E Coen
In this commentary, I respond to the special section in Health&Place (vol. 46) on "Exercise and environment: new qualitative work to link popular practice and public health" edited by Hitchings and Latham. I argue that if qualitative research is to effectively inform public health policy and practice it cannot ignore the fact that physical activity participation is inequitable. Without building in a critical equity lens, geographers risk perpetuating the "inequality paradox"-that is, the potential for population health interventions to inadvertently exacerbate health inequalities...
November 14, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150029/-fungal-keratitis
#3
REVIEW
T Bourcier, A Sauer, A Dory, J Denis, M Sabou
Fungal keratitis, or keratomycoses, are corneal infections which must be considered in cases of corneal trauma, prior corneal surgery, chronic ocular surface disease, topical corticosteroids or contact lens wear. Filamentous fungi or yeasts may be involved. Presenting clinical features such as corneal infiltrates with feathery edges and/or raised surface, intact epithelium with deep stromal involvement, satellite lesions, endothelial plaques, lack of improvement with antibiotics and worsening with steroids are suggestive of fungal keratitis...
November 14, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149686/preliminary-application-of-structure-from-motion-and-gis-to-document-decomposition-and-taphonomic-processes
#4
Connor D Carlton, Samantha Mitchell, Patrick Lewis
Over the past decade, Structure from Motion (SfM) has increasingly been used as a means of digital preservation and for documenting archaeological excavations, architecture, and cultural material. However, few studies have tapped the potential of using SfM to document and analyze taphonomic processes affecting burials for forensic sciences purposes. This project utilizes SfM models to elucidate specific post-depositional events that affected a series of three human cadavers deposited at the South East Texas Applied Forensic Science Facility (STAFS)...
November 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149476/clinical-parameters-before-and-after-the-transition-to-dialysis
#5
Dugan W Maddux, Len A Usvyat, Terry Ketchersid, Yue Jiao, Tommy C Blanchard, Peter Kotanko, Frank M van der Sande, Jeroen P Kooman, Franklin W Maddux
INTRODUCTION: The transition from pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) to post-dialysis start is a critical period associated with high patient mortality and increased hospital admissions. Little is known about the trends of key clinical and laboratory parameters through this time of transition to start dialysis. METHODS: De-identified data including demographics, vital signs, lab results, and eGFR from the Fresenius Medical Care-CKD Registry were analyzed to determine trends in clinical and laboratory parameters through the time of transition from 12 months pre-dialysis start to 12 months post-dialysis start...
November 17, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149319/from-bouncing-back-to-nurturing-emergence-reframing-the-concept-of-resilience-in-health-systems-strengthening
#6
Edwine W Barasa, Keith Cloete, Lucy Gilson
Recent health system shocks such as the Ebola disease outbreak have focused global health attention on the notion of resilient health systems. In this commentary, we reflect on the current framing of the concept of resilience in health systems discourse and propose a reframing. Specifically, we propose that: (1) in addition to sudden shocks, health systems face the ongoing strain of multiple factors. Health systems need the capacity to continue to deliver services of good quality and respond effectively to wider health challenges...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149245/high-dimensional-therapeutic-inference-in-the-focally-damaged-human-brain
#7
Tianbo Xu, Hans Rolf Jäger, Masud Husain, Geraint Rees, Parashkev Nachev
Though consistency across the population renders the extraordinarily complex functional anatomy of the human brain surveyable, the inverse inference-from common functional maps to individual behaviour-is constrained by marked individual deviation from the population mean. Such inference is fundamental to the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in focal brain injury, where the impact of an induced structural change in the brain is quantified by its behavioural consequences, inevitably refracted through the lens of lesion-outcome relations...
November 15, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148717/raman-spectroscopy-of-single-light-absorbing-carbonaceous-particles-levitated-in-air-using-an-annular-laser-beam
#8
Masaru Uraoka, Keisuke Maegawa, Shoji Ishizaka
A laser trapping technique is a powerful means to investigate the physical and chemical properties of single aerosol particles in a non-contact manner. However, optical trapping of strongly light-absorbing particles such as black carbon or soot is quite difficult because the repulsive force caused by heat is orders of magnitude larger than the attractive force of radiation pressure. In this study, a laser trapping and Raman microspectroscopy system using an annular laser beam was constructed to achieve non-contact levitation of single light-absorbing particles in air...
November 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147767/mechanism-of-accommodation-assessed-by-change-in-precisely-registered-ocular-images-associated-with-concurrent-change-in-auto-refraction
#9
Andrzej Grzybowski, Ronald A Schachar, Magdalena Gaca-Wysocka, Ira H Schachar, Farhad Kamangar, Barbara K Pierscionek
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine the changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and central lens thickness (CLT) during pharmacologically induced accommodation. METHODS: Following pupillary dilation with phenylephrine 10%, baseline auto-refractions and swept-source optical coherence tomographic biometric images (Zeiss IOLMaster 700) were obtained from the right eyes of 25 subjects aged 19 to 24 years. Pilocarpine 4% and phenylephrine 10% were then instilled into these right eyes...
November 16, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147104/predictors-of-intraocular-pressure-after-phacoemulsification-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-eyes-with-wide-versus-narrower-angles-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#10
Shan C Lin, Marisse Masis, Travis C Porco, Louis R Pasquale
Purpose: To assess if narrower-angle status and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) parameters can predict intraocular pressure (IOP) drop in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients after cataract surgery. Methods: This was a prospective case series of consecutive cataract surgery patients with POAG and no peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) using a standardized postoperative management protocol. Preoperatively, patients underwent gonioscopy and AS-OCT...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146307/long-term-visual-outcomes-and-safety-profile-of-27-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-posterior-segment-disease
#11
M Ali Khan, Alexander Kuley, Christopher D Riemann, Maria H Berrocal, Rohit R Lakhanpal, Jason Hsu, Arunan Sivalingam, Allen C Ho, Carl D Regillo
PURPOSE: To report longer-term outcomes of 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in eyes with posterior segment disease. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 390 eyes of 360 patients undergoing 27-gauge PPV for a vitreoretinal surgery indication. INTERVENTION: Three-port, transconjunctival, 27-gauge PPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in visual acuity (VA) and occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications with a minimum follow-up of 365 days...
November 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145856/-is-it-menopause-or-bipolar-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experience-of-menopause-for-women-with-bipolar-disorder
#12
Tania Perich, Jane Ussher, Chloe Parton
BACKGROUND: Menopause can be a time of change for women and may be marked by disturbances in mood. For women living with a mental illness, such as bipolar disorder, little is known about how they experience mood changes during menopause. This study aimed to explore how women with bipolar disorder constructed mood changes during menopause and how this impacted on treatment decisions. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with fifteen women who reported they had been diagnosed with bipolar disorder...
November 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143888/-the-art-of-insulin-treatment-diabetes-insulin-and-the-1920s
#13
Kirsten E Gardner
Soon after the discovery of insulin in the early 1920s, the popular press celebrated the miraculous discovery. Although insulin had no curative effect on the chronic state of diabetes, it was frequently heralded as a "cure." This paper examines how the discovery of insulin intersected with the rise of diabetic technology and the transfer of medical technology to the home setting. By analyzing diabetic manuals written for patients and physicians, letters exchanged between patient and physician, medical journals, magazines and newspapers, I trace how patients learned about insulin and more significantly how patients adopted measurement technologies designed to allow better home administration of insulin...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142886/toric-intraocular-lens-for-astigmatism-correction-in-cataract-patients
#14
Hassan Razmjoo, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Azadeh Mohammadi Milasi, Alireza Peyman, Zahra Jafarzadeh, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia, Nasrollahi Kobra
Background: To assess the clinical consequences of AcrySof toric intraocular lens (IOL) and Hoya toric IOL implantation to correct preexisting corneal astigmatism in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: In this study, we examined 55 eyes of 45 patients with at least 1.00 D corneal astigmatism who were scheduled for cataract surgery. After phacoemulsification, toric IOL was inserted and axis was aligned. We observed the patients, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), keratometry, manifest refraction, and IOL axis alignment 6 months after surgery...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142760/outcomes-of-primary-endoresection-for-choroidal-melanoma
#15
Andre A C Vidoris, Andre Maia, Marcia Lowen, Melina Morales, Jordan Isenberg, Bruno F Fernandes, Rubens N Belfort
Purpose: To review long time treatment results in patients with small or medium sized choroidal melanoma who underwent surgical tumor endoresection as a primary treatment when plaque radiotherapy was unable and patients declined enucleation. Materials and methods: Patients were evaluated for best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and underwent biomicroscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy, retinography and ultrasound as well as the usual systemic workup. Study inclusion required the absence of scleral invasion or metastasis and an anterior margin not exceeding the pars plana or the ciliary body...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142283/a-mobile-device-based-imaging-spectrometer-for-environmental-monitoring-by-attaching-a-lightweight-small-module-to-a-commercial-digital-camera
#16
Fuhong Cai, Wen Lu, Wuxiong Shi, Sailing He
Spatially-explicit data are essential for remote sensing of ecological phenomena. Lately, recent innovations in mobile device platforms have led to an upsurge in on-site rapid detection. For instance, CMOS chips in smart phones and digital cameras serve as excellent sensors for scientific research. In this paper, a mobile device-based imaging spectrometer module (weighing about 99 g) is developed and equipped on a Single Lens Reflex camera. Utilizing this lightweight module, as well as commonly used photographic equipment, we demonstrate its utility through a series of on-site multispectral imaging, including ocean (or lake) water-color sensing and plant reflectance measurement...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142274/super-achromatic-monolithic-microprobe-for-ultrahigh-resolution-endoscopic-optical-coherence-tomography-at-800%C3%A2-nm
#17
Wu Yuan, Robert Brown, Wayne Mitzner, Lonny Yarmus, Xingde Li
Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a valuable tool for advancing our understanding of the histomorphology of various internal luminal organs and studying the pathogenesis of relevant diseases. To date, this technology affords limited resolving power for discerning subtle pathological changes associated with early diseases. In addition, it remains challenging to access small luminal organs or pass through narrow luminal sections without potentially causing trauma to tissue with a traditional OCT endoscope of a 1-1...
November 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141388/-effects-of-smp-30-overexpression-on-apoptosis-of-human-lens-epithelial-cells-induced-by-ultraviolet-b-irradiation
#18
H Teng, L Y Huang, F Tian, L J Dong, H Zhang
Objective: This study was to observe the effect of SMP-30 on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells(HLE-B3) in vitro. Methods: Experimental study. The SMP-30 cDNA was amplified by PCR and inserted into the pRFP-N1 expressing vector which had been double digested by XhoI/HindIII. HLE-B3 cells were cultured and divided into three groups: normal group, pRFP-N1 vector plasmid group and pRFP-N1-SMP-30 plasmid group (SMP-30). Then cells were exposed to UVB and the survival rate of cells was detected by MTT assay...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141387/-anterior-corneal-high-order-aberrations-in-eyes-with-senile-cataract-in-a-chinese-population
#19
X J Xing, H Song, X Tang
Objective: To investigate the distribution of anterior corneal high-order aberrations (HOAs) in Chinese eyes with cataract and their correlations with age and axial length for the choice of aspheric intraocular lens. Methods: Retrospective study. Six hundred twenty-five Chinese patients with cataract[male: 260, female: 365, age: (71.2±8.0) years] were categorized into 4 groups in accordance with their axial lengths. Anterior corneal HOAs in the central 6- mm zone was measured with an iTrace wavefront analyzer...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141386/-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-effect-observation-of-congenital-aniridia-combined-with-cataract
#20
X H Wu, Q Z Cao, Y X Hu, J N Lin, H T Lin, W R Chen, Y Z Liu
Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, surgical approaches and postoperative prognosis for the cases of congenital aniridia combined with cataract. Methods: In this retrospective case series, 26 patients diagnosed with congenital aniridia combined with cataract were collected from Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from February 2002 to August 2016. The Clinical data were collected to analyze the clinical features, surgical approaches and postoperative prognosis. T-test was used for statistical analysis...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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