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José A Jiménez-Heffernan, Patricia Muñoz-Hernández, Alberto Canca Velasco, Alwalid Freih Fraih, Julián Cuesta, Pilar González-Peramato, Carlos Olivier-García, Blanca Vicandi
BACKGROUND: Differentiation between normal renal cellular structures and renal tumors can be a diagnostic challenge during fine needle aspiration. It is of particular relevance during percutaneous thermal ablation because of the small size of tumors and when performing rapid on-site evaluation. METHODS: A cyto-histological correlation study assisted by immunocytochemistry was performed. The study was based on 10 nephrectomy specimens. For the identification of proximal tubular cells we used CD10 and α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (AMACR)...
March 14, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Christoph Klinger, Berrett Dengler, Thomas Bauer, Ralf S Mueller
A 4-year-old ball python was presented 3 weeks after multiple bite wounds from a prey rat with large skin lesions, a concurrent deep bacterial pyoderma and clinical signs for septicemia, including neurolo -gical symptoms. Affected tissue separated from the underlying muscular layer revealing parts of the muscles. Clinical examination and cyto -logy was consistent with bacterial pyoderma; septicemia was an additional tentative clinical diagnosis. Empirical lincomycin and marbo -floxacin (bacterial culture revealed a multi-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia susceptible to fluoroquinolones) treatment improved the patient's general condition but skin wounds deteriorated to multifocal eschars with intracellular rods...
February 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Xiaohua Wang, Cheng Chen, Guoren Zhou, Jinjun Ye, Rong Yin, Dongjie Feng, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Xin Zhao, Zhi Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our previous study suggested the anti-tumor activity of sepia ink oligopeptide (SIO). Here we sought to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: Cell proliferation was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cell apoptosis was determined by Annexin V/Propidium Iodide (PI) staining. The mitochondria pathway was characterized by quantification of Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-9 and Cyto-C. The death receptor pathway was analyzed by determinement of Fas, Caspase-8 and NIK...
March 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Diether J Recktenwald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Tong Han, Kangtao Tian, Huaqi Pan, Yongxiang Liu, Fanxing Xu, Zhanlin Li, Takahiro Uchita, Ming Gao, Huiming Hua, Dahong Li
A series of novel conjugates of brefeldin A (11a-c, 12a-c and 13a-c) were obtained by introducing a variety of nitrogen mustards at 4-OH or 7-OH position to explore more efficacious and less toxic antitumor agents. The antiproliferative activities were tested against three cancer cell lines (HL-60, PC-3 and Bel-7402) and one multidrug resistant cell line Bel-7402/5-FU. Among them, compound 11a was the strongest derivative with IC50 values of 4.48, 9.37, 0.2 and 0.84 μM, respectively, and more potent than nitrogen mustards...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Svenja Caspers, Karl Zilles
This chapter summarizes current knowledge on the structural segregation of the parietal lobe based on cyto-, myelo-, and receptorarchitectonic studies, as well as the connectivity of this brain region with other cortical and subcortical structures. The anterior part of the human parietal cortex comprises the somatosensory areas 3a, 3b, 1, and 2, whereas the posterior part contains seven multimodal areas in both the superior and inferior parietal lobules. Available cytoarchitectonic maps of the human intraparietal sulcus do not provide a complete picture yet...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S Abou Khalil, Alaa H Sayed
4-Nonylphenol (NP) toxicity in fish attracts much attention due to its ability in targeting several organs; however, the researches regarding its potential hepatotoxicity are conflicting and still require further investigation. Therefore, the objective of this study is to focus on this issue from the histophysiological point of view using NP intoxicated African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a model of hepatotoxicity. Twelve adult fish (6 per group) were divided into two groups; the first was considered as a control and the second was exposed to NP dissolved in water at a dose of 0...
March 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Marzena Matejczyk, Renata Swislocka, Monika Kalinowska, Grzegorz Swidersk, Wlodzimierz Lewandowsk, Agata Jablonska-Trypuo
Caffeic acid and its derivatives because of its biological activities, including antioxidants, antithrombosis, antihypertensive, antifibrosis, antiviral, and anti-tumor properties are good candidates as adjuvants in anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was the examination of cyto- and genotoxic effect of caffeic acid on Escherichia coli K-12 recA::gfp strain treated with dacarbazine. Obtained results indicate that dacarbazine and caffeic acid influenced the reactivity of recA promoter and modulate the level of gfp expression in genetic construct rrcA::gfpmut2 in E...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Marzena Matejczyk, Renata Swislocka, Monika Kalinowska, Grzegorz Widerskp, Wlodzimierz Lewandowsk, Agata Jablonska-Trypuo, Stanislaw Jozef Rosochacki
Cinnamic acid and its derivatives are important and promising compounds in cancer therapy, because of its broad spectrum of anicancer and antioxidative ability, and with high potential for development into new generation drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the cyto- and genotoxic effects of cinnamic acid and its derivatives with the use of4Escherichia coli K-12 recA::gfp microbial biosensor strain with plasmid fusion of recA promoter and gfp gene as reporter. Obtained results indicate that recA::gfpmut2 genetic system was a sensitive biosensor to the most chemicals tested in our experiments...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
L Ye, Z Gui-Hua, Y Kun, W Hong-Fa, X Ting, L Gong-Zhen, Z Wei-Xia, C Yong
Objective To establish the primary cat intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) culture methods and construct the cDNA library for the following yeast two-hybrid experiment, so as to screen the virulence interaction factors among the final host. Methods The primary cat IECs were cultured by the tissue cultivation and combined digestion with collagenase XI and dispase I separately. Then the cat IECs cultured was identified with the morphological observation and cyto-keratin detection, by using goat anti-cyto-keratin monoclonal antibodies...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Santosh Tummidi, Kanchan Kothari, Pragati Sathe, Mona Agnihotri, Gwendolyn Fernandes, Leena Naik, Aleena Jain, Rachana Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) has become increasingly popular for the diagnosis and staging of gastrointestinal diseases and peri-gastrointestinal lesions. The application of FNA/Brush has dramatically expanded the clinical utility of EUS. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, study the spectrum of lesions encountered in EUS-FNAC/brush cytology of gastrointestinal and peri-gastrointestinal lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total of 124 patients during the period from August 2015 to November 2016 was included in the study...
March 5, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
P A Zykin, I A Moiseenko, L A Tkachenko, R A Nasyrov, E A Tsvetkov, E I Krasnoshchekova
We studied peculiarities of the structure of human entorhinal cortex at weeks 20-26 of gestation (10 hemispheres). The samples were Nissl-stained and immunohistochemically treated with antibodies to parvalbumin, calretinin, calbindin, and cytoskeleton proteins (MAP2 and N200). 3D-reconstruction of the entorhinal cortex from serial sections was performed, caudomedial and rostrolateral areas were isolated. Parvalbumin+ cells in layer I, discrete distribution of layer II cells with colocalization of MAP2 and calretinin at the border with layer I, and two sublayers Va and Vb with MAP2+ neurons were typical for the caudomedial area...
March 4, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, M Ravichandran, M Shanmugavadivu, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan
This article recapitulates the existing in vitro and in vivo studies focusing on the effects of neferine-an alkaloid derivative of lotus plant, in various disease models and its effects on key signaling molecules. The review also compiles a large number of research studies that demonstrate methods for isolation and extraction, biosynthetic pathway, pharmacological activity and mode of action of neferine and their underlying mechanisms at cellular level. Neferine is a unique bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid that possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV...
February 27, 2018: Life Sciences
Nicola Palomero-Gallagher, Karl Zilles
Mapping of the human brain is more than the generation of an atlas-based parcellation of brain regions using histologic or histochemical criteria. It is the attempt to provide a topographically informed model of the structural and functional organization of the brain. To achieve this goal a multimodal atlas of the detailed microscopic and neurochemical structure of the brain must be registered to a stereotaxic reference space or brain, which also serves as reference for topographic assignment of functional data, e...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Swetha Murali, Jayesh Vasudeva Adhikari, Veerendra Kalyan Jagannadh, Sai Siva Gorthi
Cost-effective and automated acquisition of whole slide images is a bottleneck for wide-scale deployment of digital pathology. In this article, a computation augmented approach for the development of an automated microscope slide scanner is presented. The realization of a prototype device built using inexpensive off-the-shelf optical components and motors is detailed. The applicability of the developed prototype to clinical diagnostic testing is demonstrated by generating good quality digital images of malaria-infected blood smears...
February 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Inés Velasco, Sarah C Bath, Margaret P Rayman
Iodine is an essential micronutrient incorporated into thyroid hormones. Although iodine deficiency can lead to a broad spectrum of disorders throughout life, it is most critical in the early stages of development, as the foetal brain is extremely dependent on iodine supply. During the last two decades, our understanding of thyroid physiology during gestation has substantially improved. Furthermore, thyroid hormone receptors have been identified and characterised in placental and embryonic tissues, allowing us to elucidate the maternal-foetal transfer of thyroid hormones...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
Raquel Azevedo, Eleazar Rodriguez, Rafael José Mendes, Nuno Mariz-Ponte, Sara Sario, José Carlos Lopes, José Miguel P Ferreira de Oliveira, Conceição Santos
Inorganic Mercury (Hg) contamination persists an environmental problem, but its cyto- and genotoxicity in plants remains yet unquantified. To determine the extent of Hg-induced cyto- and genotoxicity, and assess most sensitive endpoints in plants, Pisum sativum L. seedlings were exposed for 14 days to different HgCl2 concentrations up to 100 μM. Shoots and roots from hydroponic exposure presented growth impairment and/or morphological disorders for doses >1 μM, being the roots more sensitive. Plant growth, ploidy changes, clastogenicity (HPCV), cell cycle dynamics (G1 -S-G2 ), Comet-tail moment (TM), Comet-TD, Mitotic-index (MI) and cell proliferation index (CPI) were used to evaluate Hg-induced cyto/genotoxicity...
February 16, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Kai Zhang, Jing Chen, Hao Zhou, Ying Chen, Yingru Zhi, Bei Zhang, Longbang Chen, Xiaoyuan Chu, Rui Wang, Chunni Zhang
Sorafenib is currently the only systemic agent approved for treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, intrinsic and acquired resistance to sorafenib remains a great challenge with respect to improving the prognoses of patients with HCC. The cyto-protective functions of autophagy have been suggested as a potential mechanism by which chemoresistance or targeted drug resistance occurs in tumour cells. In the present study, miR-142-3p was identified as a novel autophagy-regulating microRNA (miRNA) that plays a vital role in sorafenib resistance in HCC cells...
February 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Xiaowei Chen, John P Crapanzano, Abel A Gonzalez, Diane Hamele-Bena
Sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT) is a rare ovarian tumor with characteristic microscopic morphologic features. Diagnosis most often is based on examination of tissue specimens. Cytologic features of this tumor rarely have been described in the English literature. Herein, we report cytologic findings of cyst aspiration fluid in two cases of SCTAT, with cyto-histologic correlation.
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Laurence Booth, Jane L Roberts, Rumeesa Rais, John Kirkwood, Francesca Avogadri-Connors, Richard E Cutler, Alshad S Lalani, Andrew Poklepovic, Paul Dent
The irreversible ERBB1/2/4 inhibitor neratinib has been shown in vitro to rapidly reduce the expression of ERBB1/2/4 and RAS proteins via autophagic/lysosomal degradation. We have recently demonstrated that neratinib and valproate interact to suppress the growth of 4T1 mammary tumors but had not defined whether the [neratinib + valproate] drug combination, in a mouse, had altered the biology of the 4T1 cells. Exposure of 4T1 mammary tumors to [neratinib + valproate] for three days resulted, two weeks later, in tumors that expressed less ERBB1, K-RAS, N-RAS, indoleamine-pyrrole 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO-1), ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and had increased Class I MHCA expression...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
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