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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792518/it-is-the-family-context-that-matters-concurrent-and-predictive-effects-of-aspects-of-parent-child-interaction-on-video-gaming-related-problems
#1
Angel Yee-Lam Li, Barbara Chuen-Yee Lo, Cecilia Cheng
Studies have shown that children frequently experiencing poor parent-child interaction are prone to video gaming-related problems, but it is unclear which specific aspects of such an interaction play a predictive role in the problems. To extend previous research that relies primarily on the self-report method to assess parent-child interaction, we conducted a longitudinal, mixed-methods study. In a laboratory setting, three major aspects of interaction (i.e., affectivity, cohesiveness, and parental behavior) were observed in 241 parent-child dyads (Children: 43 percent female, age range = 8-15, Mage  = 12...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790701/the-clinical-importance-of-changes-in-treg-and-th17-lymphocyte-subsets-in-splenectomized-patients-after-spleen-injury
#2
Witold Zgodziński, Ewelina Grywalska, Dorota Siwicka-Gieroba, Agata Surdacka, Krzysztof Zinkiewicz, Dariusz Szczepanek, Grzegorz Wallner, Jacek Roliński
BACKGROUND: Splenectomized patients are more prone to bacterial infections due to their immunocompromised status. Little is known about the role of T helper 17 (Th17) and T regulatory cells (Treg) in the immune system of patients after the removal of the spleen. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyze possible changes in CD4+ lymphocyte T subsets, especially Treg and Th17, in patients who had undergone splenectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included a group of 67 male patients (41...
May 22, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790144/-prone-position-and-nursing-care
#3
Shu-Ju Lu, Shiao-Pei Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening disease, as acute inflammation in the lungs typically leads to hypoxia and symptoms of dyspnea. The treatment modalities of ARDS include mechanical ventilation, corticosteroid, extracorporeal membranous oxygenation, inhaled nitrogen oxide, and the prone position. Among these, the prone position is supported by evidence showing significantly reduced mortality in patients that adopt this modality. Lying in the prone position reduces atelectatic lung volumes by recruitment of dependent parts and facilitates normal regulation of alveolar ventilation, giving better-matched ventilation perfusion and, thus, improved oxygenation...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789202/relationship-between-prolonged-neural-suppression-and-cerebral-hemodynamic-dysfunction-during-hypothermia-in-asphyxiated-piglets
#4
Wataru Jinnai, Shinji Nakamura, Kosuke Koyano, Satoshi Yamato, Takayuki Wakabayashi, Yinmon Htun, Yasuhiro Nakao, Takashi Iwase, Makoto Nakamura, Saneyuki Yasuda, Masaki Ueno, Takanori Miki, Takashi Kusaka
OBJECTIVES: Hypothermia (HT) improves the outcome of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Here, we investigated changes during HT in cortical electrical activity using amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and in cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral hemoglobin oxygen saturation using near-infrared time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) and compared the results with those obtained during normothermia (NT) after a hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult in a piglet model of asphyxia...
May 19, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789091/spinal-stiffness-in-prone-and-upright-postures-during-0-1-8-g-induced-by-parabolic-flight
#5
Jaap Swanenburg, Michael L Meier, Anke Langenfeld, Petra Schweinhardt, B Kim Humphreys
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze posterior-to-anterior spinal stiffness in Earth, hyper-, and microgravity conditions during both prone and upright postures. CASE REPORT: During parabolic flight, the spinal stiffness of the L3 vertebra of a healthy 37-yr-old man was measured in normal Earth gravity (1.0 g), hypergravity (1.8 g), and microgravity (0.0 g) conditions induced in the prone and upright positions. Differences in spinal stiffness were significant across all three gravity conditions in the prone and upright positions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788154/macrovascular-decompression-of-facial-nerve-with-anteromedial-transposition-of-a-dolichoectatic-vertebral-artery-3-dimensional-operative-video
#6
Halima Tabani, Sonia Yousef, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Sirin Gandhi, Arnau Benet, Michael T Lawton
Most cranial nerve compression syndromes (ie, trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm) are caused by small arteries impinging on a nerve and are relieved by microvascular decompression. Rarely, cranial nerve compression syndromes can be caused by large artery impingement and can be relieved by macrovascular decompression. When present, this compression often occurs in association with degenerative atherosclerosis in the vertebral arteries (VA) and basilar artery. Conservative treatment is recommended for mild forms, but surgical transposition of the VA away from the root entry zone (REZ) can be considered...
May 21, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787304/deterioration-of-regional-lung-strain-and-inflammation-during-early-lung-injury
#7
Gabriel C Motta-Ribeiro, Soshi Hashimoto, Tilo Winkler, Rebecca M Baron, Kira Grogg, Luís F S C Paula, Arnoldo Santos, Congli Zeng, Kathryn Hibbert, Robert S Harris, Ednan Bajwa, Marcos F Vidal Melo
RATIONALE: The contribution of aeration heterogeneity to lung injury during early mechanical ventilation of uninjured lungs is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Test the hypotheses that a strategy consistent with clinical practice does not protect from worsening in lung strains during the first 24h of ventilation of initially normal lungs exposed to mild systemic endotoxemia in supine versus prone position, and that local neutrophilic inflammation is associated with local strain and blood volume at global strains below a proposed injurious threshold...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785975/utility-of-otoacoustic-emissions-and-olivocochlear-reflex-in-predicting-vulnerability-to-noise-induced-inner-ear-damage
#8
Sarantis Blioskas, Miltiadis Tsalighopoulos, George Psillas, Konstantinos Markou
Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the possible utility of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and efferent system strength to determine vulnerability to noise exposure in a clinical setting. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 344 volunteers who had just begun mandatory basic training as Hellenic Corps Officers Military Academy cadets. Pure-tone audiograms were obtained on both ears. Participants were also subjected to diagnostic transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785135/mutation-analysis-of-brca1-2-mutations-with-special-reference-to-polymorphic-snps-in-indian-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Nidhi D Shah, Parth S Shah, Yash Y Panchal, Kalpesh H Katudia, Nikunj B Khatri, Hari Shankar P Ray, Upti R Bhatiya, Sandip C Shah, Bhavini S Shah, Mandava V Rao
Background: Germline mutations BRCA1 and BRCA2 contribute almost equally in the causation of breast cancer (BC). The type of mutations in the Indian population that cause this condition is largely unknown. Purpose: In this cohort, 79 randomized BC patients were screened for various types of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations including frameshift, nonsense, missense, in-frame and splice site types. Materials and methods: The purified extracted DNA of each referral patient was subjected to Sanger gene sequencing using Codon Code Analyzer and Mutation Surveyor and next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods with Ion torrent software, after appropriate care...
2018: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784948/simultaneous-cell-disruption-and-semi-quantitative-activity-assays-for-high-throughput-screening-of-thermostable-l-asparaginases
#10
Xu Li, Xian Zhang, Shuqin Xu, Hengwei Zhang, Meijuan Xu, Taowei Yang, Li Wang, Haifeng Qian, Huiling Zhang, Haitian Fang, Tolbert Osire, Zhiming Rao, Shangtian Yang
L-asparaginase, which catalyses the hydrolysis of L-asparagine to L-aspartate, has attracted the attention of researchers due to its expanded applications in medicine and the food industry. In this study, a novel thermostable L-asparaginase from Pyrococcus yayanosii CH1 was cloned and over-expressed in Bacillus subtilis 168. To obtain thermostable L-asparaginase mutants with higher activity, a robust high-throughput screening process was developed specifically for thermophilic enzymes. In this process, cell disruption and enzyme activity assays are simultaneously performed in 96-deep well plates...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#11
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780203/only-when-the-societal-impact-potential-is-high-a-panel-study-of-the-relationship-between-public-service-motivation-and-perceived-performance
#12
Nina van Loon, Anne Mette Kjeldsen, Lotte Bøgh Andersen, Wouter Vandenabeele, Peter Leisink
Many studies find positive associations between public service motivation (PSM) and performance, but much of this literature is based on cross-sectional data prone to endogeneity and common method bias. Moreover, we know little about potential moderators. In this study, we test the moderating role of societal impact potential (SIP)-the degree to which the job is perceived to provide opportunities to contribute to society. We use cross-sectional data from 13,967 employees in 2010 and 2012 aggregated to construct longitudinal data for 42 organizations...
June 2018: Review of Public Personnel Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779316/-the-necessity-of-artificial-kidney-seeper-in-the-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
J J Ye, Y Yang, H J Zhang, Y C Zheng, Y Pan, H Xie
Objective: To investigate the necessity of artificial kidney seeper which made through inserting a ureteral tube in the ureter to the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Methods: This was a randomized prospective study. Patients who conformed to the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled at Department of Urology, Frist Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2016 to May 2017. Totally 291 patients were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups (artificial kidney seeper group and non-artificial kidney seeper group) in different kidney seeper level (5 to <10 mm, 10 to 20 mm) respectively...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777279/-flap-coverage-using-the-posterior-gluteal-thigh-flap
#14
REVIEW
M K Boyce, T R Mett, R Ipaktchi, P M Vogt
OBJECTIVE: Defect coverage of the sacral, trochanteric or ischial region with durable tissue (gluteal thigh flap). INDICATIONS: Decubital ulcers of the sacral, trochanteric or ischial region after exhaustion of conservative measures. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Moribund or palliative patients who do not benefit from defect coverage and are likely to suffer a life-threatening complication. Noncompliant patients, who cannot follow the postoperative recommendations or protocols in regard to positioning or recurrence prevention...
May 17, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775909/sensorimotor-control-and-neuromuscular-activity-of-the-shoulder-in-adolescent-competitive-swimmers-with-generalized-joint-hypermobility
#15
Thomas Frydendal, Henrik Eshøj, Behnam Liaghat, Pascal Edouard, Karen Søgaard, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain is highly prevalent in competitive swimmers, and generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) is considered a risk factor. Sensorimotor control deficiencies and altered neuromuscular activation of the shoulder may represent underlying factors. RESEARCH QUESTION: To investigate whether competitive swimmers with GJH including shoulder hypermobility (GJHS) differ in shoulder sensorimotor control and muscle activity from those without GJH and no shoulder hypermobility (NGJH)...
May 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775558/reconstructing-a-traumatic-empty-orbit-principles-difficulties-of-treatment-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Philip Ameerally
PURPOSE: This report describes the case of a serious orbital injury in which the globe was completely displaced into the nasal cavity and the orbit was clinically empty. The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the management of this patient and their principles in the reconstruction of a complex defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this rare case of severe injury, the authors used a combined transconjunctival and ethmoidal approach to retrieve the displaced globe from the nasal cavity...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775161/surgical-treatment-of-middle-cluneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy-technical-note
#17
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Daijiro Morimoto, Masanori Isobe
OBJECTIVE The etiology of low-back pain (LBP) is heterogeneous and is unknown in some patients with chronic pain. Superior cluneal nerve entrapment has been proposed as a causative factor, and some patients suffer severe symptoms. The middle cluneal nerve (MCN) is also implicated in the elicitation of LBP, and its clinical course and etiology remain unclear. The authors report the preliminary outcomes of a less invasive microsurgical release procedure to address MCN entrapment (MCN-E). METHODS The authors enrolled 11 patients (13 sites) with intractable LBP judged to be due to MCN-E...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774876/-clinicopathological-features-for-epithelioid-glioblastoma-a-newly-defined-tumor-by-the-2016-world-health-organization-classification-of-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system
#18
Juan Li, Xuebing Ling, Mingyao Lai, Qingjun Hu, Changguo Shan, Linbo Cai
To retrospectively summarize the clinicopathological features of epithelioid glioblastoma (Ep-GBM) and to explore new treatment for Ep-GBM.
 Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with Ep-GBM, who were treated in our department from March 2016 to July 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological features were summarized and the efficacy was evaluated.
 Results: The positive rate of BRAFV600E mutant and INI-1 was 76.9% (10/13) and 80% (8/10), respectively, while the median Ki-67 index was 30%...
April 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774295/serological-investigation-of-visceral-leishmania-infection-in-human-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-welkait-district-western-tigray-ethiopia
#19
Abrha Bsrat, Mebrahtu Berhe, Endalemaw Gadissa, Habtamu Taddele, Yohannes Tekle, Yohannes Hagos, Adugna Abera, Messele G/Micael, Tehetna Alemayhu, Getachew Gugsa, Abraham Aseffa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is major neglected public health problem in terms of geographical spread and incidence in Ethiopia. Magnitude, public health impact and dynamics of VL were not well studied in Welkait District, Western Tigray, though the area is known for VL. Hence, this study aimed to determine sero-prevalence of human VL and associated risk factors in Welkait as new foci. A cross sectional study design was employed in this study. Two stage stratified random sampling method was used to select study participants...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771828/results-following-adoption-of-a-modified-melbourne-technique-of-total-scaphocephaly-correction
#20
Julia D Sharma, Justine L O'Hara, Alessandro Borghi, Naiara Florez-Rodriguez, William Breakey, Juling Ong, Nu Owase Jeelani, David J Dunaway, Greg James
The Melbourne technique was described in 2008 as a novel method for complete correction of scaphocephaly. Since 2015, it has become our operation of choice for children with sagittal synostosis who are too old at presentation for minimally invasive techniques. Our modifications were 2-position (initially supine then prone) technique and undertaking a formal fronto-orbital remodeling to correct forehead contour. Retrospective chart review was used to record demographics, blood transfusion frequency and volumes, operating time, length of stay, clinical outcome, and complications...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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