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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349690/transthoracic-cardiac-ultrasound-in-prone-position-a-technique-variation-description
#1
Diego Ugalde, Juan Nicolás Medel, Carlos Romero, Rodrigo Cornejo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349687/adjunct-and-rescue-therapies-for-refractory-hypoxemia-prone-position-inhaled-nitric-oxide-high-frequency-oscillation-extra-corporeal-life-support
#2
Niall D Ferguson, Claude Guérin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349571/fluoroscopy-free-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-pediatric-patients-a-single-center-experience
#3
Akbar Nouralizadeh, Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Hamid Pakmanesh, Abbas Basiri, Mohammad Hadi Radfar, Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Mahmoodreza Nasiri, Esmaeil Rezghi Maleki, Emal Lesha, Mohammad Ghasemi-Rad, Behzad Narouie
OBJECTIVES: To present the safety and efficacy of fluoroscopy-free ultrasound-guided PCNL for the treatment of renal calculi in pediatric patients of all ages. METHODS: 30 children with mean age of 5 years (6 months-12 years) underwent totally ultrasound-guided PCNL from March 2013 to August 2016. The pyelocalyceal system was punctured in prone position using only ultrasonography guidance, and the tract was dilated using a single shot dilation technique. No fluoroscopy was used during any of the stages of renal access...
January 18, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349480/posture-modulates-the-sensitivity-of-the-h-reflex
#4
Serpil Cecen, Imran Khan Niazi, Rasmus Wiberg Nedergaard, Alice Cade, Kathryn Allen, Kelly Holt, Heidi Haavik, Kemal S Türker
The effect of body posture on the human soleus H-reflex via electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve at the popliteal fossa was studied. All parameters that may influence the reflex were controlled stringently. H-reflexes were elicited in three different body postures while keeping the level of background muscle activation to a minimum. The H-reflex curve relative to the M-wave curve did not change significantly in any of the body postures. However, the maximal H-reflex amplitude significantly increased in the prone position compared with the sitting (p = 0...
January 18, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348915/extended-posterior-approach-for-huge-popliteal-aneurysm-extended-to-superficial-femoral-artery
#5
Tomoki Cho, Hideyuki Iwaki, Munetaka Masuda
Objectives: Generally, popliteal artery aneurysms have been addressed surgically by a medial, posterior, or lateral approach. We have designed a new posterior approach that exposes the superficial femoral artery and entire popliteal artery without dividing any muscles in a just prone position. Methods and results: A 72-year old man with huge popliteal aneurysm extended to superficial femoral artery was admitted to our hospital. Surgery was performed due to a high risk of rupture...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#6
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344211/prevalence-of-hpv-infection-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-women-in-central-eastern-italy-strategies-of-prevention
#7
Edoardo Tartaglia, Katia Falasca, Jacopo Vecchiet, Giovanna Paola Sabusco, Giovanna Picciano, Roberto Di Marco, Claudio Ucciferri
The present cross-sectional-study aimed to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-genotypes among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and -negative women in Central/Eastern Italy, and to identify the optimal strategies for effective HPV-prevention in each group. A representative sample of HIV-negative (150/200) and -positive (50/200) women, who underwent cervico-vaginal-swabbing. Swabs were analysed for a cytological screening and for a HPV-DNA-genotyping-test. A total of 66/200 swabs resulted HPV-positive...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343912/lateral-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-safe-and-effective-surgical-approach
#8
Jonathan Jian Wei Gan, Jaslyn Ju Lia Gan, Jasmine Ju Hsien Gan, Kim Tiong Lee
Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is traditionally performed with the patient in the prone position for large renal calculi. However, anesthetic limitations exist with the prone position. Similarly, the supine position is associated with poorer ergonomics due to the awkward downward position of the renal tract, a smaller window for percutaneous puncture, and a higher risk of anterior calyx puncture. This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of lateral-PCNL in managing large renal calculi without the disadvantages of prone and supine positions...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341456/iron-pill-aspiration-cytologic-and-histologic-findings-of-a-potential-life-threatening-airway-injury-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Vanessa Henriques, Diogo Costa Santos, Graça Lérias, Lucília Cáceres Monteiro
Iron pill-induced injury of bronchial mucosa is a complication following accidental aspiration of an iron tablet. Oral iron supplementation is a common therapy, particularly among advanced-age patients, who are more prone to aspiration. However, iron pill aspiration has been rarely reported in the literature, usually under the format of short case reports, with only 32 cases published in the literature. The cytologic features suspicious for this rare but potentially lethal entity have been seldom described...
January 16, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341449/digging-deeper-a-holistic-perspective-of-factors-affecting-soil-organic-carbon-sequestration-in-agroecosystems
#10
Rattan Lal
The global magnitude (Pg) of soil organic carbon (SOC) is 677 to 0.3-m, 993 to 0.5-m, and 1505 to 1-m depth. Thus, ~55% of SOC to 1-m lies below 0.3-m depth. Soils of agroecosystems are depleted of their SOC stock and have a low use efficiency of inputs of agronomic yield. This review is a collation and synthesis of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The rates of SOC sequestration are scaled up to the global level by linear extrapolation. Soil C sink capacity depends on depth, clay content and mineralogy, plant available water holding capacity, nutrient reserves, landscape position, and the antecedent SOC stock...
January 17, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338056/context-dependent-autoprocessing-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-protease-precursors
#11
ChihFeng Tien, Liangqun Huang, Susan M Watanabe, Jordan T Speidel, Carol A Carter, Chaoping Chen
HIV-1 protease autoprocessing is responsible for liberation of free mature protease (PR) from the Gag-Pol polyprotein precursor. A cell-based model system was previously developed to examine the autoprocessing mechanism of fusion precursors carrying the p6*-PR miniprecursor sandwiched between various proteins or epitopes. We here report that precursor autoprocessing is context-dependent as its activity and outcomes can be modulated by sequences upstream of p6*-PR. This was exemplified by the 26aa maltose binding protein (MBP) signal peptide (SigP) when placed at the N-terminus of a fusion precursor...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332731/quantitative-tissue-parameters-of-achilles-tendon-and-plantar-fascia-in-healthy-subjects-using-a-handheld-myotonometer
#12
Sarah Orner, Wolfgang Kratzer, Julian Schmidberger, Beate Grüner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the quantitative tissue properties of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia using a handheld, non-invasive MyotonPRO device, in order to generate normal values and examine the biomechanical relationship of both structures. DESIGN: Prospective study of a large, healthy sample population. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 207 healthy subjects (87 males and 120 females) for the Achilles tendon and 176 healthy subjects (73 males and 103 females) for the plantar fascia...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332232/prone-position-in-ards-a-simple-maneuver-still-underused
#13
EDITORIAL
Davide Chiumello, Silvia Coppola, Sara Froio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330989/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-women-with-first-pregnancy
#14
Shandana Mustafa Jadoon, Muhammad Adeel, Shaheen Aslam, Ahsan Rasool
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women throughout the globe. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of these infections among primigravid females and the common factors that make them prone to these infections. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from December 2015 to May 2016. A total of 174 jaundiced primigravida patients were included in the study through non-probability consecutive sampling...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330717/posterior-retroperitoneoscopic-resection-of-extra-adrenal-paraganglioma-located-in-the-aorto-caval-space
#15
Sang-Wook Kang, Emad Kandil, Min Jhi Kim, Kwang Soon Kim, Cho Rok Lee, Jong Ju Jeong, Kee-Hyun Nam, Woong Youn Chung, Cheong Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalec tomy has several advantages compared with the transperitoneal approach such as a shorter and more direct route to the target organ, no breach of the intraperitoneal space, and no required retraction of the adjacent organs. It also is a safe procedure with a short learning curve.1-5 This report presents a challenging case of an extra-adrenal paraganglioma located in the aorto-caval space and managed using the retroperitoneal approach...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330575/a-new-technique-for-minimal-invasive-complete-spinal-cord-injury-in-minipigs
#16
Elena E Foditsch, Gratian Miclaus, Irina Patras, Ioan Hutu, Karin Roider, Sophina Bauer, Günter Janetschek, Ludwig Aigner, Reinhold Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a minimal invasive complete spinal cord injury (SCI) minipig model for future research applications. The minipig is considered a translationally relevant model for SCI research. However, a standardized minimal invasive complete SCI model for pigs has not yet been established. METHODS: Adult Göttingen minipigs were anesthetized and placed in extended prone position. After initial computed tomography (CT) scan, the skin was incised, a needle placed in the epidural fatty tissue...
January 12, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330519/large-scale-aggregation-analysis-of-eukaryotic-proteins-reveals-an-involvement-of-intrinsically-disordered-regions-in-protein-folding
#17
Eri Uemura, Tatsuya Niwa, Shintaro Minami, Kazuhiro Takemoto, Satoshi Fukuchi, Kodai Machida, Hiroaki Imataka, Takuya Ueda, Motonori Ota, Hideki Taguchi
A subset of the proteome is prone to aggregate formation, which is prevented by chaperones in the cell. To investigate whether the basic principle underlying the aggregation process is common in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, we conducted a large-scale aggregation analysis of ~500 cytosolic budding yeast proteins using a chaperone-free reconstituted translation system, and compared the obtained data with that of ~3,000 Escherichia coli proteins reported previously. Although the physicochemical properties affecting the aggregation propensity were generally similar in yeast and E...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329902/impact-of-vertical-and-horizontal-malrotation-on-measurements-of-anteroposterior-radiographs-of-the-scapula-need-for-standardized-images-in-modern-omometry
#18
Samy Bouaicha, Armando Hoch, Thorsten Jentzsch, Beat K Moor
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of parameters measured on anteroposterior radiographs are used for the evaluation of the bony geometry of the scapula. Inhomogeneous acquisition of images is common because of the lack of standardization in radiographic positioning. Images with malrotation around the horizontal axis of the scapula are particularly frequent. We hypothesized that malrotated images would result in large variations in measured radiographic parameters and that image standardization using qualitative and semiquantitative "omometric" criteria would decrease these variations in measurements...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323511/representing-schizotypal-thinking-with-dimensional-traits-a-case-for-the-five-factor-schizotypal-inventory
#19
Erin L Moorman, Douglas B Samuel
Building on support for the five-factor model (FFM) of personality disorder, the Five Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI) was developed to assess maladaptive traits relevant to schizotypal personality disorder. While the development of the FFSI supports a continuity between schizotypal thinking and perception (STAP) and the FFM domain of Openness to Experience, other studies show inconsistent findings concerning the strength of this relationship. The current study evaluates these relationships by investigating specific components of a short-form of the FFSI (e...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323413/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-severe-respiratory-failure-in-acute-interstitial-pneumonia
#20
Gabriela Gonçalves-Venade, Nuno Lacerda-Príncipe, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, José Artur Paiva
Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare idiopathic interstitial lung disease with rapid progressive respiratory failure and high mortality. In the present report, three cases of AIP complicated by refractory respiratory failure supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are presented. One male and two female patients (ages 27-59) were included. Venovenous ECMO support was provided using miniaturized systems, with two-site femoro-jugular circuit configuration. Despite lung protective ventilation, prone position and neuromuscular blockade, refractory respiratory failure of unknown etiology supervened (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen 46-130) and ECMO was initiated after 3-7 days of mechanical ventilation...
January 11, 2018: Artificial Organs
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