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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917499/association-of-sleep-with-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#1
REVIEW
Ahmer Ali, Shasha Wu, Naoum P Issa, Sandra Rose, Vernon L Towle, Peter Warnke, James X Tao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of sleep with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis based on literature search from databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus using keywords "SUDEP", or "sudden unexpected death in epilepsy", or "sudden unexplained death in epilepsy". Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy was considered to occur during sleep if the patient was found in bed, if the SUDEP cases were documented as in sleep, or if the patient was found at bedside on the bedroom floor...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915501/is-there-an-observational-effect-an-exploratory-study-into-speed-cameras-and-self-reported-offending-behaviour
#2
J Freeman, S-A Kaye, V Truelove, J Davey
Fixed and mobile speed cameras are an important element of enforcement initiatives designed to create a strong deterrent effect and improve road safety. Despite the widespread use of the technology and the need to create a strong deterrent effect, research has yet to determine if there is a relationship between levels of exposure to the devices and subsequent self-reported deterrent effects. As a result, licensed motorists (N=536; 51% female) in Queensland (Australia) were recruited to complete a questionnaire that measured exposure to speed cameras and associated offending behaviours...
September 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915255/scrambled-eggs-a-highly-sensitive-molecular-diagnostic-workflow-for-fasciola-species-specific-detection-from-faecal-samples
#3
Nichola Eliza Davies Calvani, Peter Andrew Windsor, Russell David Bush, Jan Šlapeta
BACKGROUND: Fasciolosis, due to Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica, is a re-emerging zoonotic parasitic disease of worldwide importance. Human and animal infections are commonly diagnosed by the traditional sedimentation and faecal egg-counting technique. However, this technique is time-consuming and prone to sensitivity errors when a large number of samples must be processed or if the operator lacks sufficient experience. Additionally, diagnosis can only be made once the 12-week pre-patent period has passed...
September 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910891/-clinical-study-of-aged-patients-with-secondary-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#4
Z J Zhu, L P Wei, Z X Xu, H J Xu, Q Liu, N Luo
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and evaluate the efficacy of manual reduction in treatment of age patients with secondary benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (s-BPPV). Methods: Thirty-two cases of aged patients ( the s-BPPV group: including 19 cases of female and 13 males, age from 60 to 86 years old)with secondary benign paroxysmal positional vertigo from Jul. 2013 to Sep. 2015 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The results were compared with 121 patients( the primary group: including 82 cases of female and 39males, aged from 60 to 86 years old)with aged primary benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(p -BPPV)...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910146/management-of-ards-and-refractory-hypoxemia-a-multicenter-observational-study
#5
Erick H Duan, Neill Kj Adhikari, Frederick D'Aragon, Deborah J Cook, Sangeeta Mehta, Waleed Alhazzani, Ewan Goligher, Emmanuel Charbonney, Yaseen M Arabi, Tim Karachi, Alexis F Turgeon, Lori Hand, Qi Zhou, Peggy Austin, Jan Friedrich, Francois Lamontagne, François Lauzier, Rakesh Patel, John Muscedere, Richard Hall, Pierre Aslanian, Thomas Piraino, Martin Albert, Sean M Bagshaw, Mike Jacka, Gordon Wood, William Henderson, Delbert Dorscheid, Niall D Ferguson, Maureen O Meade
RATIONALE: Clinicians' current practice patterns in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and refractory hypoxemia are not well described. OBJECTIVES: To describe mechanical ventilation strategies and treatment adjuncts for adults with ARDS including refractory hypoxemia. METHODS: Prospective cohort study (March 2014-February 2015) of mechanically ventilated adults with moderate-to-severe ARDS requiring FiO2 ≥0.50 in 24 ICUs...
September 14, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905117/mechanical-characteristics-of-the-maxillary-sinus-schneiderian-membrane-ex-vivo
#6
Angel Insua, Florencio Monje-Gil, Lucía García-Caballero, Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Hom-Lay Wang, Alberto Monje
OBJECTIVES: It has been speculated that certain Schneiderian membrane thickness (SMT) might be more prone to perforation. This investigation was aimed at studying the mechanical characteristics of the Schneiderian membrane under one- and two-dimensional tests and their correlation to the histological SMT in human samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen Schneiderian membranes were collected from 11 cadaver heads treated with Thiel's embalming method. The samples were processed and analyzed clinically and histologically...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900136/differential-effects-of-soluble-and-aggregating-polyq-proteins-on-cytotoxicity-and-type-1-myosin-dependent-endocytosis-in-yeast
#7
Lisa L Berglund, Xinxin Hao, Beidong Liu, Julie Grantham, Thomas Nyström
Huntington's disease develops when the polyglutamine (polyQ) repeat in the Huntingtin (Htt) protein is expanded to over 35 glutamines rendering it aggregation-prone. Here, using Htt exon-1 as a polyQ model protein in a genome-wide screen in yeast, we show that the normal and soluble Htt exon-1 is toxic in cells with defects in type-1 myosin-dependent endocytosis. The toxicity of Htt is linked to physical interactions with type-1 myosins, which occur via the Htt proline-rich region, leading to a reduction in actin patch polarization and clathrin-dependent endocytosis...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899538/relationship-between-stress-coping-and-sleep-disorders-among-the-general-japanese-population-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#8
Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prevalence of stress, and examine the relationship between sleep disorders and stress coping strategies among highly stressed individuals in the general Japanese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was undertaken in November 2007. Men and women were randomly selected from 300 districts throughout Japan. Data from 7671 (3532 men (average age 53.5 ± 17.0 years) and 4139 women (average age 53.9 ± 17.7 years)) were analyzed...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899528/back-to-sleep-or-not-the-effect-of-the-supine-position-on-pediatric-osa-sleeping-position-in-children-with-osa
#9
Lisa M Walter, Daranagama U N Dassanayake, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
BACKGROUND: In both adults and children, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has significant adverse cardiovascular consequences. In adults, sleeping position has a marked effect on the severity of OSA; however, the limited number of studies conducted in children have reported conflicting findings. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sleeping position on OSA severity and the cardiovascular consequences in preschool-aged children. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of children (3-5 years of age) diagnosed with OSA (n = 75) and nonsnoring controls (n = 25)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895892/a-robotic-platform-for-corn-seedling-morphological-traits-characterization
#10
Hang Lu, Lie Tang, Steven A Whitham, Yu Mei
Crop breeding plays an important role in modern agriculture, improving plant performance, and increasing yield. Identifying the genes that are responsible for beneficial traits greatly facilitates plant breeding efforts for increasing crop production. However, associating genes and their functions with agronomic traits requires researchers to observe, measure, record, and analyze phenotypes of large numbers of plants, a repetitive and error-prone job if performed manually. An automated seedling phenotyping system aimed at replacing manual measurement, reducing sampling time, and increasing the allowable work time is thus highly valuable...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892509/quantitative-assessment-of-a-data-limited-recreational-bonefish-fishery-using-a-time-series-of-fishing-guides-reports
#11
Rolando O Santos, Jennifer S Rehage, Aaron J Adams, Brooke D Black, Jason Osborne, Emily K N Kroloff
Recreational fisheries can be prone to severe declines, yet these fisheries, particularly catch-and-release, are often data-limited, constraining our ability to conduct stock assessments. A combination of catch and effort indices derived from fisheries-dependent data (FDD) gathered from fishing logbooks could be a powerful approach to inform these data gaps. This study demonstrates the utility of using different catch metrics such as indices of abundance, species richness associated with reported catch, and the success rate of targeted trips, to assess historical shifts in the trajectory of the data-limited bonefish (Albula vulpes) fishery in Florida Bay, an economically-important recreational fishery within the Caribbean Basin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891550/common-types-and-countermeasures-of-ankle-ligament-injury-caused-by-intense-basketball-movement
#12
H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ankle ligament injury of basketball players caused during movement, summarize injury types, analyze the causes of injury, and put forward corresponding control measures. METHODS: The author selected 3100 basketball players with ankle ligament injury during basketball movement and admitted to different hospitals from June 2011 to June 2015 for stochastic analysis. Through the literature, investigation, and observation, etc., common types of injuries of basketball players are analyzed, and damage preventive measures of basketball players are discussed, so as to find measures to prevent and treat ankle ligament injury of basketball players and promote physical rehabilitation of players, which is in favor of their better career development...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890989/association-between-maternal-nonresponsive-feeding-practice-and-child-s-eating-behavior-and-weight-status-children-aged-1-to-6%C3%A2-years
#13
Chunmei Shi, Nan Li, Jing Dong, Li Wang, Xiling Li, Chenbo Ji, Xingyun Wang, Xia Chi, Xirong Guo, Meiling Tong, Min Zhang
The purposes of this study are to investigate the prevalence of nonresponsive feeding practice (NRFP) and child's eating behavior (CEB) and to explore the hypothetical association between child's weight status, NRFP and CEB for 1- to 6-year-old children. In this study, 2423 caregivers of 1- to 6-year-old children are from the Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital who completed the self-report questionnaires about their NRFP and CEB as well as their children's sociodemographic data. Chi-square test and multiple regression analyses were used to examine the correlation between child's weight status and NRFP and CEB...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882981/characteristics-of-a-nationwide-cohort-of-patients-presenting-with-isolated-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-ihh
#14
Marco Bonomi, Valeria Vezzoli, Csilla Gabriella Krausz, Fabiana Guizzardi, Silvia Vezzani, Manuela Simoni, Ivan Bassi, Paolo Duminuco, Natascia Di Iorgi, Claudia Giavoli, Alessandro Pizzoccaro, Gianni Russo, Mirella Moro, Letizia Maria Fatti, Alberto Ferlin, Laura Mazzanti, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Salvatore Cannavò, Andrea M Isidori, Angela I Pincelli, Flavia Prodam, Antonio Mancini, Paolo Limone, Maria Laura Tanda, Rossella Gaudino, Mariacarolina Salerno, Francesca Pregnolato, Mohammad Maghnie, Mario Maggi, Luca Persani
OBJECTIVE: IHH is a rare disorder with pubertal delay, normal (normoosmic-IHH, nIHH) or defective sense of smell (Kallmann syndrome, KS). Other reproductive and non-reproductive anomalies might be present altough information on their frequency are scanty, particularly according to the age of presentation. DESIGN: Observational cohort study carried out between January 2008-June 2016 within a national network of academic or general hospitals Methods: We performed a detailed phenotyping of 503 IHH patients with: 1) manifestations of hypogonadism with low sex steroid hormone and low/normal gonadotropins; 2) absence of expansive hypothalamic/pituitary lesions or multiple pituitary hormone defects...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882973/elevated-serum-aa-epa-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-skeletal-muscle-depletion-in-cachexic-patients-with-advanced-gastro-intestinal-cancers
#15
Moeko Kitagawa, Seiji Haji, Teruyoshi Amagai
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the number of cancer patients has increased. Cancer patients are prone to sarcopenia as a result of the decrease in muscle mass and muscle weakness which occurs in cancer cachexia. Attention has been given on the effects of fatty acid administration on cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart-review study of consecutive patients with unresectable advanced GI cancer (stage IV) (n=46) receiving chemotherapy treatment in an outpatient or in-hospital setting between December 2012 and September 2015 at our Institution...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879483/molecular-characterization-of-acanthamoeba-strains-isolated-from-the-oral-cavity-of-hemodialysis-patients-in-iran
#16
Maryam Niyyati, Zahra Arab-Mazar, Zohreh Lasjerdi, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Adel Espotin, Davood Yadegarynia, Latif Gachkar, Sara Rahmati Roodsari
Free-living amoebae (FLA) of the genus Acanthamoeba are opportunistic pathogenic agents able to cause life-threatening infections in immunosuppressed patients. Chronic kidney disease impairs adaptive and innate immunity. Thus, patients with chronic kidney disease are prone to opportunistic infections by potentially pathogenic FLA. Therefore, in the present study, the investigation of Acanthamoeba genotypes isolated from the oral cavity of hemodialysis patients of reference hospitals in Iran was aimed, using both morphology and molecular (sequence-based analysis) tools...
September 6, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879170/helicobacter-pylori-caga-is-associated-with-milder-duodenal-histological-changes-in-chilean-celiac-patients
#17
Yalda Lucero, Amaya Oyarzún, Miguel O'Ryan, Rodrigo Quera, Nelly Espinosa, Romina Valenzuela, Daniela Simian, Elisa Alcalde, Claudio Arce, Mauricio J Farfán, Alejandra F Vergara, Iván Gajardo, Jocelyn Mendez, Jorge Carrasco, Germán Errázuriz, Mónica Gonzalez, Juan C Ossa, Eduardo Maiza, Francisco Perez-Bravo, Magdalena Castro, Magdalena Araya
HIGHLIGHTS What is already known about this subject?Celiac disease (CD) has a high clinical and histological diversity and the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain elusive.H. pylori is a bacterium that chronically infect gastric and duodenal mucosa activating both a Th1/Th17 and T-reg pathways.The role of H. pylori (and the effect of their virulence factors) in CD have not yet completely elucidated.What are the new findings?cagA+ H. pylori strains are associated to milder histological damage in infected CD patients...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878847/potential-clinical-applications-of-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-magnetic-resonance-mammography-in-breast-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Ihn-Ho Cho, Eun-Jung Kong
The whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) scan is a cutting edge technology providing comprehensive structural information from MR imaging and functional features from PET in a single session. Recent research findings and clinical experience have shown that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) whole-body PET/MR imaging has a diagnostic performance comparable with or superior to that of PET/CT in the field of oncology, including for breast cancer. In particular, FDG PET/MR mammography in the prone position with the breast hanging in a pendant manner can provide more comprehensive information about the metabolism, anatomy, and functional features of a breast lesion than a whole-body PET/MR scan...
September 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878797/overexpression-of-hevea-brasiliensis-hbice1-enhances-cold-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#19
Hong-Mei Yuan, Ying Sheng, Wei-Jie Chen, Yu-Qing Lu, Xiao Tang, Mo Ou-Yang, Xi Huang
Rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis) were successfully introduced to south China in the 1950s on a large-scale; however, due to the climate, are prone to cold injury during the winter season. Increased cold tolerance is therefore an important goal, yet the mechanism underlying rubber tree responses to cold stress remains unclear. This study carried out functional characterization of HbICE1 (Inducer of CBF Expression 1) from H. brasiliensis. A nucleic protein with typical features of ICEs, HbICE1 was able to bind to MYC recognition sites and had strong transactivation activity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876659/abdominoperineal-resection-in-the-prone-position-early-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-institution-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#20
N Stevenson, A V V Lambrechts
BACKGROUND: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) in the prone position is a new technique in the developing world, where colorectal cancer incidence is rising fast and the patient population is different from those in the developed world. Literature is lacking on the outcomes of this technique under these conditions. METHOD: All patients who underwent APR in the prone position for rectal adenocarcinoma from February 2011 to February 2017 were reviewed. Main endpoints were stage at presentation, neoadjuvant treatment, circumferential resection margin involvement, perineal wound complications, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and days discharged after surgery...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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