Read by QxMD icon Read

thymectomy anesthesia

V A Porkhanov, V A Zhikharev, I S Polyakov, V V Danilov, V B Kononenko
AIM: To present possibility and technical aspects of anesthetic management during video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article describes the proposed modified anesthetic method that is suitable for video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis. Nine patients with myasthenia underwent VATS-thymectomy. Anesthesia was performed with artificial airway and auxiliary ventilation without muscle relaxants administration...
2018: Khirurgiia
Robert J Korst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Keerthi Chigurupati, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Muraleedharan Nair, Madathipat Unnikrishnan, Manjusha Pillai
OBJECTIVE: To determine the criteria for postoperative mechanical ventilation after thymectomy in patients with Myasthenia Gravis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teritiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: 77 Myasthenia gravis patients operated for thymectomy were studied. INTERVENTIONS: After obtaining clearance from Institutional ethics committee, medical records of 77 patients with MG, who were operated for thymectomy between January 2005 and December 2015 were reviewed in a retrospective manner...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Jiraporn Jitprapaikulsan, Prachaya Srivanitchapoom
Background: A 36-year-old Thai female who underwent a thymectomy under general anesthesia developed acute abnormal movements in the craniofacial region immediately after awakening with preserved consciousness. Phenomenology: Intermittent abnormal movements included oculogyric crisis; tongue protrusion; blepharospasm; and oro-mandibular dystonia consisting of risus sardonicus, jaw opening, and right torticollis. Educational value: An acute dystonic reaction can be a complication of either single or combined general anesthetic agents...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
Kai Guo, Liping Tong, Xiaofei Li, Xiaolong Yan
We describe a practical video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique for the en bloc resection of the thymoma, thymus, and bilateral mediastinum lipid based on mediastinal pleura guidance. By taking advantage of single-lumen endotracheal tube (SLET) anesthesia and artificial pneumothorax, we acquired excellent exposure of the anterior mediastinum operative field. In addition, our limited data showed that this surgical approach might have a potential tendency on reducing the blood loss and the operative times...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Long Jiang, Jun Liu, Wenlong Shao, Jingpei Li, Jianxing He
Trans-sternal thymectomy has long been accepted as the standard surgical procedure for thymic masses. Recently, minimally invasive methods, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and, even more recently, non-intubated anesthesia, have emerged. These methods provide advantages including reductions in surgical trauma, postoperative associated pain, and in regards to VATS, provide certain cosmetic benefits. Considering these advantages, we herein present a case of subxiphoid uniportal VATS for thymic mass using a glasses-free 3D thoracoscopic display system...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
X-Z Liu, C-W Wei, H-Y Wang, Y-H Ge, J Chen, J Wang, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to explore the effects of general-epidural anaesthesia (GEA) on the perioperative haemodynamics in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), as well as their extubation time. METHODS: A total of 42 MG patients (Ossermann I-II b types) receiving elective total thymectomy were randomized into GEA (n = 20) and general anaesthesia alone (GA; n = 22) groups. Changes in their mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before anesthesia and at the time of intubation, skin incision, sternotomy and extubation...
March 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Bassam M Shoman, Hany O Ragab, Ammar Mustafa, Rashid Mazhar
With the introduction of new techniques and advances in the thoracic surgery fields, challenges to the anesthesia techniques had became increasingly exponential. One of the great improvements that took place in the thoracic surgical field was the use of the robotically assisted thoracic surgical procedure and minimally invasive endoscopic thoracic surgery. One lung ventilation technique represents the core anesthetic management for the success of those surgical procedures. Even with the use of effective one lung ventilation, the patient hemodynamics and respiratory parameters could be deranged and could not be tolerating the procedure that could compromise the end result of surgery...
2015: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Eugenio Pompeo, Roberto Sorge, Andrej Akopov, Miguel Congregado, Tomasz Grodzki
BACKGROUND: A survey amongst the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) members has been performed to investigate the currents trends, rates of adoption as well as potential for future expansion of non-intubated thoracic surgery (NITS) performed under spontaneous ventilation. METHODS: A 14-question-based questionnaire has been e-mailed to ESTS members. To facilitate the completion of the questionnaire, questions entailed either quantitative or multiple-choice answers...
March 2015: Annals of Translational Medicine
Yoshihito Fujita, Satoru Moriyama, Satoshi Aoki, Saya Yoshizawa, Maiko Tomita, Taiki Kojima, Yukiko Mori, Naoko Takeuchi, Min-Hye So, Motoki Yano, Kazuya Sobue
Although maintaining anesthesia for myasthenia gravis (MG) with minimal muscle relaxants (MR) is common, the success rate of anesthetic management for MG without MR is not clear. We therefore retrospectively examined the success rate of anesthetic management for MG without MR among 66 consecutive cases of thymectomy for MG performed at our hospital between January 2004 and April 2010, before approval of using sugammadex. A total of 60 patients (90.9 %) were treated without MR (N group). Among the 60 cases, 17 (28...
October 2015: Journal of Anesthesia
Yun Li, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy was developed more than 10 years ago and has become a widely accepted surgical approach. Most published reports regarding this procedure have focused on the right-sided approach. Since left-sided approach chest surgery is the first choice in cases of right pleural adhesion, large left thymus tumors, and tumors in close contact with the great vessels of the left pericardium, we performed thoracoscopic thymectomy using the left-sided approach in 52 cases and summarize herein its technical feasibility, indications, and operative steps...
2014: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Valluvan Rangasamy, Kaushal Kumar, Amit Rai, Dalim Kumar Baidya
Literature on anesthetic management of juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) for thymectomy is limited. Recently, use of inhalational agents and total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanyl has been reported. All these techniques individually or in combination have been tried to avoid the use of muscle relaxant. We report successful use of sevoflurane as sole anesthetic agent for intubation and in combination with thoracic epidural anesthesia for intraoperative anesthetic management in a 5-year-old child with JMG...
April 2014: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Naomi Ono, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Shoko Nakano, Ayumu Kuwamura, Shinichi Tatsumi, Toshiaki Minami
Successful tracheal intubation with a double-lumen tube was achieved using Pentax-AWS Airwayscope (AWS) with an infant-size Intlock in a patient with restricted mouth opening and head tilting. A 78-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis was scheduled for extended thymectomy under general anesthesia, with anticipated difficult airway. Sufficient mask ventilation with the jaw-thrust maneuver was achieved. The laryngoscopic view was defined as grade III (Cormack & Lehane's classification)with Macintosh laryngoscope...
April 2014: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Takuya Oguri, Kazuki Hisatomi, Shoji Kawashima, Yoshino Ueki, Naoko Tachibana, Noriyuki Matsukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Sleep Medicine
Erisa Nakamori, Keiichi Nitahara, Yasuyuki Sugi, Kiyoshi Katori, Akiko Matsuzaki, Kazuo Higa
We report a patient with myasthenia gravis whose rocuronium induced neuromuscular block was reversed with sugammadex. A 26-year-old man, 175 cm and 76 kg, with myasthenia gravis, was scheduled for extended thymectomy under general anesthesia. An epidural catheter was inserted at the T5-6 interspace before induction of general anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and remifentanil. Rocuronium was given in divided doses to obtain > 95% neuromuscular block to intubate the trachea. The ED50 and ED95 of rocuronium for this patient were 0...
August 2013: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
T Morita, H Tsukagoshi, D Kurosaki, T Sugaya, D Yoshikawa, H Shimada
The current study evaluated the neuromuscular responses following administration of sevoflurane in 14 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) (I-IIb in Osserman's classification) scheduled for thymectomy and in 11 control patients (ASA I-II) who underwent elective surgery. The electromyographic (EMG) response of the abductor digiti minimi was measured following train-of-four (TOF) stimulation of the ulnar nerve every 20 s. After induction of anesthesia with a combination of 3-4 mg·kg(-1) thiopental and 1-2 μg·kg(-1) fentanyl with 66% N2O and oxygen, an inspired concentration of 4% sevoflurane was administered via a face mask for 7 min...
September 1996: Journal of Anesthesia
Rita Sonzogni, Lorenzo Novellino, Alberto Benigni, Ilaria Busi, Magda Khotcholava, Angelica Spotti, Valter Sonzogni
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease marked by weakness of voluntary musculature. Medical and surgical therapy of adult myasthenia is well documented. There is little pediatric surgical evidence, only a few case reports being available. The aim of this paper is to verify whether the surgical and anesthesiological techniques can warrant an early and safe discharge from the operating room. The secondary aim is to assess the presence of perioperative indicators that can eventually be used as predictors of postoperative care...
February 5, 2013: Pediatric Reports
Takashi Etoh, Hidenori Kouso, Keita Sonoda
BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease. The MG patients undergoing extended thymectomy under general anesthesia are at risk for postoperative complications, such as respiratory insufficiency and crisis (cholinergic and myasthenic). We evaluated the preoperative predictive factors, which are important for postoperative respiratory control. METHODS: Four patients undergoing extended thymectomy under general anesthesia in our hospital within the last two years (2008-2010) were studied...
October 2012: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Nahum Nesher, Dmitry Pevni, Galit Aviram, Amir Kramer, Rephael Mohr, Gideon Uretzky, Yanai Ben-Gal, Yosef Paz
OBJECTIVE: Thymectomy for thymoma has traditionally been performed through midsternotomy that provides excellent exposure for a complete and safe resection. Minimally invasive alternatives have not been extensively evaluated for this disease process because data regarding the long-term oncologic effectiveness of these techniques remain to be established. Furthermore, video-assisted surgery as a unilateral approach may compromise the extension of the resection and could cause irreversible damage to the phrenic nerve of the opposite side...
July 2012: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Akiko Takeda, Makoto Kawamura, Izumi Hamaya, Hanae Kitamura, Rika Muto, Hiroyuki Mitono
Neuromuscular blocking drugs (NMBDs) can predispose patients with myasthenia gravis to postoperative paralysis and respiratory complications. We had a 12-year-old female patient undergoing thoracoscopic thymectomy. She had suffered from MGFA class IIa (mild systemic) myasthenia gravis for 4 months. Anesthesia was induced with 3 mg x kg(-1) of thiopental and 0.2 mg x kg(-1) of rocuronium, which was given incrementally to achieve 100% blockade. Anesthesia was maintained with oxygen, air, 2% sevoflurane and 0...
August 2012: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"