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Glutathione

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786737/anti-amyloidogenic-properties-of-an-ethyl-acetate-fraction-from-actinidia-arguta-in-a%C3%AE-1-42-induced-icr-mice
#1
Jeong Su Ha, Jong Min Kim, Seon Kyeong Park, Jin Yong Kang, Du Sang Lee, Uk Lee, Dae-Ok Kim, Sung-Gil Choi, Ho Jin Heo
This study aimed to investigate the ameliorating effect of an ethyl acetate fraction from the fruit Actinidia arguta (EFAA) on amyloid beta (Aβ)-induced neurotoxicity and cognitive deficits in ICR mice. EFAA showed potent protective effects against Aβ-induced neurotoxicity through 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA), 2',3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release into the assay medium. EFAA treatment reduced the intracellular ROS level and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release in the mitochondria, and increased cell viability in Aβ-induced neuroblastoma MC-IXC cells...
May 22, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786697/imaging-glutathione-depletion-in-the-rat-brain-using-ascorbate-derived-hyperpolarized-mr-and-pet-probes
#2
Hecong Qin, Valerie N Carroll, Renuka Sriram, Javier E Villanueva-Meyer, Cornelius von Morze, Zhen Jane Wang, Christopher A Mutch, Kayvan R Keshari, Robert R Flavell, John Kurhanewicz, David M Wilson
Oxidative stress is a critical feature of several common neurologic disorders. The brain is well adapted to neutralize oxidative injury by maintaining a high steady-state concentration of small-molecule intracellular antioxidants including glutathione in astrocytes and ascorbic acid in neurons. Ascorbate-derived imaging probes for hyperpolarized 13 C magnetic resonance spectroscopy and positron emission tomography have been used to study redox changes (antioxidant depletion and reactive oxygen species accumulation) in vivo...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786653/role-for-cystathionine-%C3%AE-lyase-cse-in-an-ethanol-e-induced-lesion-in-fetal-brain-gsh-homeostasis
#3
Dhyanesh Patel, Marylatha Rathinam, Courtney Jarvis, Lenin Mahimainathan, George Henderson, Madhusudhanan Narasimhan
Earlier, we reported that gestational ethanol (E) can dysregulate neuron glutathione (GSH) homeostasis partially via impairing the EAAC1-mediated inward transport of Cysteine (Cys) and this can affect fetal brain development. In this study, we investigated if there is a role for the transulfuration pathway (TSP), a critical bio-synthetic point to supply Cys in E-induced dysregulation of GSH homeostasis. These studies utilized an in utero E binge model where the pregnant Sprague⁻Dawley (SD) rat dams received five doses of E at 3...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786106/efficient-delivery-of-hbv-nls-sirnas-into-hepg2-2-15-cells-for-hbv-inhibition-through-novel-recombinant-pres1%C3%A2-tp-proteins
#4
Yanli Zeng, Zixi Li, Jia Shang, Yi Kang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and related liver complications remain severe public health problems worldwide. Previous investigations have shown that small interfering (si)RNAs can offer an effective strategy for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. The present study aimed to develop a novel siRNA‑delivering system of therapeutic HBV nuclear localization sequence (NLS) siRNAs using the recombinant preS1‑truncated protamine (tP) proteins. The preS1 region of the LHB was used in place of scFv to construct the recombinant preS1‑tP proteins, which were applied to deliver siRNAs targeting the HBV NLS to inhibit HBV replication and infection in HepG2...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785881/variants-in-genes-coding-for-glutathione-s-transferases-and-asthma-outcomes-in-children
#5
Steve Turner, Ben Francis, Nuha Wani, Susanne Vijverberg, Maria Pino-Yanes, Somnath Mukhopadhyay, Roger Tavendale, Colin Palmer, Esteban G Burchard, Simon Kebede Merid, Erik Melén, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, On Behalf Of The Pharmacogenomics In Childhood Asthma Consortium
Our hypothesis was that children with mutations in genes coding for glutathione S-transferases (GST) have worse asthma outcomes compared with children with active type genotype. Data were collected in five populations. The rs1695 single nucleotide polymorphism (GSTP1) was determined in all cohorts (3692 children) and GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotype were determined in three cohorts (2362 children). GSTT1 null (but not other genotypes) was associated with a minor increased risk for asthma attack and there were no significant associations between GST genotypes and asthma severity...
May 22, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785833/species-differences-in-bile-acids-i-plasma-and-urine-bile-acid-composition
#6
Rhishikesh Thakare, Jawaher Abdullah Alamoudi, Nagsen Gautam, A David Rodrigues, Yazen Alnouti
Maintenance of bile acid (BA) homeostasis is essential to achieve their physiologic functions and avoid their toxic effects. The marked differences in BA composition between preclinical safety models and humans may play a major role in the poor prediction of drug-induced liver injury using preclinical models. We compared the composition of plasma and urinary BAs and their metabolites between humans and several animal species. Total BA pools and their composition varied widely among different species. Highest sulfation of BAs was observed in human and chimpanzee...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785610/evaluation-of-strategies-for-the-assessment-of-drug-drug-interactions-involving-cytochrome-p450-enzymes
#7
Jelle Reinen, Martijn Smit, Mira Wenker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) can occur when one drug alters the metabolism of another drug. Drug metabolism mediated by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) is responsible for the majority of metabolism of known drugs and inhibition of CYP enzymes is a well-known cause of DDIs. In the current study, the use of various human liver microsomes (HLM)-based methods to determine occurrence of CYP-mediated metabolism-dependent inhibition (MDI) and possible follow-up studies were evaluated...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785400/previous-exercise-training-reduces-markers-of-renal-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-female-rats
#8
Liliany Souza de Brito Amaral, Cláudia Silva Souza, Rildo Aparecido Volpini, Maria Heloisa Massola Shimizu, Ana Carolina de Bragança, Daniele Canale, Antonio Carlos Seguro, Terezila Machado Coimbra, Amélia Cristina Mendes de Magalhães, Telma de Jesus Soares
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of regular moderate exercise training initiated previously or after induction of diabetes mellitus on renal oxidative stress and inflammation in STZ-induced diabetic female rats. For this purpose, Wistar rats were divided into five groups: sedentary control (SC), trained control (TC), sedentary diabetic (SD), trained diabetic (TD), and previously trained diabetic (PTD). Only the PTD group was submitted to treadmill running for 4 weeks previously to DM induction with streptozotocin (40 mg/kg, i...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785108/the-protective-role-of-quercetin-and-arginine-on-gold-nanoparticles-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#9
Mohamed Anwar K Abdelhalim, Sherif A Abdelmottaleb Moussa, Huda Abdo Yahya Qaid
Background: The aim of the study was to confirm the hepatotoxicity induced by small-sized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and evaluate the role of quercetin (Qur) and arginine (Arg) against hepatotoxicity caused by GNPs. Methods: Twenty-five healthy male Wistar-Kyoto rats were used. GNPs were administered intraperitoneally to these rats at the dose of 50 μL for seven consecutive days. The role of Qur and Arg antioxidants against toxicity induced by GNPs was detected through the measurement of serum liver function and oxidative stress biomarkers in the liver tissues...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784595/comparative-proteome-analysis-of-the-capsule-from-patients-with-frozen-shoulder
#10
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masaru Mori, Kenji Kanazawa, Akira Ando, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Nobuyuki Itaya, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The etiology of frozen shoulder (FS) is unclear. Accordingly, this study used a label-free quantitative shotgun proteomic approach to elucidate the pathogenesis of FS based on protein expression levels. METHODS: Tissue samples from the rotator interval (RI), middle glenohumeral ligament (MGHL), and anterior-inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) were collected from 12 FSs with severe stiffness and 7 shoulders with a rotator cuff tear (RCT) as controls...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784452/regulation-of-the-oxidative-balance-with-coenzyme-q10-sensitizes-human-glioblastoma-cells-to-radiation-and-temozolomide
#11
Javier Frontiñán-Rubio, Raquel María Santiago-Mora, Consuelo María Nieva-Velasco, Gustavo Ferrín, Alicia Martínez-González, María Victoria Gómez, María Moreno, Julia Ariza, Eva Lozano, Jacinto Arjona-Gutiérrez, Antonio Gil-Agudo, Manuel De la Mata, Milica Pesic, Juan Ramón Peinado, José M Villalba, Luis Pérez-Romasanta, Víctor M Pérez-García, Francisco J Alcaín, Mario Durán-Prado
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the modulation of the oxidative balance affects cytotoxic therapies in glioblastoma, in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human glioblastoma U251 and T98 cells and normal astrocytes C8D1A were loaded with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ). Mitochondrial superoxide ion (O2 - ) and H2 O2 were measured by fluorescence microscopy. OXPHOS performance was assessed in U251 cells with an oxytherm Clark-type electrode. Radio- and chemotherapy cytotoxicity was assessed by immunostaining of γH2AX (24 h), annexin V and nuclei morphology, at short (72 h) and long (15 d) time...
May 18, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784369/an-ultrasensitive-label-free-colorimetric-assay-for-glutathione-based-on-ag-regulated-autocatalytic-oxidation-of-o-phenylenediamine
#12
Fang Li, Jiachang Liu, Yuting Hu, Ning Deng, Jianbo He
The discriminative determination of glutathione (GSH) over cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy) is still challenging in bioassays due to their similar functional groups. Herein, a novel, simple, rapid, sensitive and cost-effective label-free colorimetric method for the selective determination of GSH over Cys and Hcy was proposed. In this assay, firstly, o-phenylenediamine (OPD) could be oxidized by silver ions (Ag+ ) to produce silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and pale yellow colored 2,3-diaminophenazine (shorted as OPDox) with absorbance peak center at 429 nm...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783874/influence-of-bovine-serum-albumin-pre-incubation-on-toxicity-and-er-stress-apoptosis-gene-expression-in-thp-1-macrophages-exposed-to-zno-nanoparticles
#13
Hongying Liang, Tong He, Jimin Long, Liangliang Liu, Guochao Liao, Yanhuai Ding, Yi Cao
When entering a biological environment, proteins could be adsorbed onto nanoparticles (NPs), which will consequently influence the toxicity of NPs. This study used bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the model for serum protein and investigated its interactions with three different types of ZnO NPs, coded as XFI06 (pristine NPs of 20 nm), NM110 (pristine NPs of 100 nm) and NM111 (hydrophobic NPs of 130 nm). Atomic force microscope indicated the adsorption of BSA to ZnO NPs, leading to the increase of NP diameters...
May 21, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783015/extracts-of-compound-muniziqi-granule-suppressed-uterus-contraction-and-ameliorated-oxytocin-inducedprimary-dysmenorrhea
#14
Yue Wei, Tingyun Ma, Hanxue Wang, Jianguo Xing, Yuwen Wang, Zhengyi Gu, Dandan Mu, Qiang Yin, Xuemei Cheng, Changhong Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Compound Muniziqi granule (CMG) is usually used as a traditional Uighur medicine to treat acne, chloasma, skin inflammation, primary dysmenorrhea (PDM), and menopausal syndrome. However, there are no sufficient data to support the clinic uses of CMG in PDM. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work aims to examine the effect of CMG as a treatment for PDM and reveal its possible therapeutic mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo and in vitro mouse PDM models were utilized in this study...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782959/targeting-central-%C3%AE-2-receptors-ameliorates-streptozotocin-induced-neuroinflammation-via-inhibition-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase3-pathway-in-mice
#15
Nora O Abdel Rasheed, Nesrine S El-Sayed, Aiman S El-Khatib
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is portrayed by progressive cognitive decline and pathological deposition of amyloid plaques as well as neurofibrillary tangles. Most of AD cases are sporadic, resulting from overlap of various environmental and genetic factors. Intra-cerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin (STZ) leads to insulin resistance brain state accompanied by memory decline, oxidative stress, and neuro-degeneration which mimic the pathologies associated with sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD). In the current study, protective effects of formoterol in STZ-induced SAD were studied...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782917/detoxification-and-immunoprotection-of-zn-ii-curcumin-in-juvenile-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-feed-with-aflatoxin-b1
#16
Ying-Ying Yu, Jin Niu, Pen Yin, Yong-Jian Liu, Li-Xia Tian, Donghui Xu
Aflatoxins, which was produced by Aspergillus flavus or Aspergillus parasiticus fungi during grain and feed processing or storage, could cause severe health problems and reduction of yield during shrimp cultures. To evaluate toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in juvenile Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and potential protective effect of Zn(II)-curcumin (Zn-CM), four experimental diets (control, 500 μg/kg AFB1, 500 μg/kg AFB1+100 mg/kg Zn-CM, 500 μg/kg AFB1+200 mg/kg Zn-CM) were formulated in quadruplicate to feed the shrimp for 8 weeks...
May 18, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782698/morphology-regulation-in-redox-destructible-amphiphilic-block-copolymers-and-impact-on-intracellular-drug-delivery
#17
Raju Bej, Jayita Sarkar, Debes Ray, Vinod K Aswal, Suhrit Ghosh
In two ABA type amphiphilic block copolymers (P1, P2), the hydrophobic B block consists of a bioreducible segmented poly(disulfide) (PDS), while poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (PNIPAM) or poly(triethyleneglycol)methylether-methacrylate (PTEGMA) serve as the hydrophilic A blocks in P1 and P2, respectively, leading to the formation of polymersome and micelle, owing to the difference in the packing parameters. Both exhibit comparable doxorubicin (Dox) encapsulation efficiency, but glutathione (GSH) triggered release appears much faster from the polymersome than micelle owing to the complete degradation of the PDS segment in polymersome morphology unlike in micelle...
May 21, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782350/effect-of-pyruvate-kinase-m2-regulating-aerobic-glycolysis-on-chemotherapy-resistance-of-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer
#18
Yuejun Qian, Lina Bi, Yingxu Yang, Dong Wang
This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) on chemotherapy resistance of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer (ER BC) by regulating aerobic glycolysis. The expression of PKM2 in ER BC MCF-7 cells, T47D cells and MCF-7/ADR cells (which are subject to adriamycin/ADR induction) were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot. MCF-7/ADR (M/A) cells were grouped into blank group (M/A), negative group (M/A+NC), low expression of PKM2 group (M/A+si-PKM2 group), overexpression of PKM2 group (M/A+PKM2 group) and glycolysis inhibition group (M/A+PKM2+2-DG group)...
May 18, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781752/streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats-effects-of-white-butterfly-clerodendrum-volubile-leaves-on-blood-glucose-levels-lipid-profile-and-antioxidant-status
#19
Olorunfemi R Molehin, Omotade I Oloyede, Stephen A Adefegha
White Butterfly (Clerodendrum volubile) leaf is commonly used in traditional medicine for the management of various diseases including diabetes without the full understanding of the scientific basis for its use. This study sought to evaluate the antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant effect of Clerodendrum volubile leaves in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Aqueous extract of C. volubile was prepared and its effect assessed on relevant enzymes associated with diabetes. Fifty Male Wistar rats were randomly separated into ten groups each containing five rats...
May 21, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781410/the-addition-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-and-antioxidants-glutathione-peroxidase-and-superoxide-dismutase-in-extenders-to-epididymal-sperm-cryopreservation-in-bulls
#20
João D A Losano, Daniel S R Angrimani, Bruno R Rui, Luana C Bicudo, Andressa Dalmazzo, Bárbara C S Silva, Carlos H C Viana, Camilla M Mendes, Mayra E O A Assumpção, Valquiria H Barnabe, Marcilio Nichi
SummaryThe cryopreservation of epididymal sperm is an important technique that allows genetic material to be preserved, even post mortem. However, cryopreservation leads to increased oxidative stress and impaired sperm viability. Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation may improve certain sperm characteristics, but it also makes sperm more susceptible to oxidative stress, therefore adding antioxidants that counteract oxidative stress has become an option. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of the interaction between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and antioxidants on the quality after the cryopreservation of epididymal bull sperm...
May 21, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
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