keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Caloric restriction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221803/optimizing-non-pharmacologic-management-of-hypertriglyceridemia
#1
REVIEW
Alexandra Byrne, Sunal Makadia, Aimee Sutherland, Michael Miller
The cornerstone of initial management for hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is lifestyle modification. The combination of weight loss through caloric restriction, alteration in macronutrient composition and increased energy expenditure reduces TG levels by approximately 50%. The addition of cinnamon, cacao products and isocaloric substitution of 1 serving of nuts may contribute another 5-15% lowering of TG. This can be particularly beneficial in patients with HTG who are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212583/effect-of-caloric-restriction-on-metabolic-dysfunction-of-young-rapacz-familial-hypercholesterolemic-swine-sus-scrofa
#2
Nell A Bekiares, Andrea S Chen, Dhanansayan Shanmuganayagam, Adrienne Dardenne Meyers, Thomas D Crenshaw, Christian G Krueger, Jess D Reed
The Rapacz familial hypercholesterolemic (FH) swine model is well-characterized and used for studies of both spontaneous and inducible atherosclerosis but has not been used for studies of metabolic dysfunction to date. We examined whether parameters of metabolic syndrome including weight and adiposity, serum cholesterol, and glucoregulatory function could be modulated by restriction of caloric intake in the FH swine. Three groups of FH swine (n = 6 per group) were fed without restriction (AL), 80% of AL caloric intake, or 60% of AL caloric intake for 8...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208483/initial-validation-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-a-measure-of-three-restrictive-eating-patterns
#3
Hana F Zickgraf, Jordan M Ellis
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g., picky eating), poor appetite or limited interest in eating, or fear of negative consequences from eating. Research on the prevalence and psychopathology of ARFID is limited by the lack of validated instruments to measure these eating behaviors...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207376/the-fat-regulator-neuropeptide-y-and-caloric-restriction
#4
Seongjoon Park, Ryoichi Mori, Isao Shimokawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203893/phase-ii-prospective-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-prior-to-radical-prostatectomy
#5
Susanne M Henning, Colette Galet, Kiran Gollapudi, Joshua B Byrd, Pei Liang, Zhaoping Li, Tristan Grogan, David Elashoff, Clara E Magyar, Jonathan Said, Pinchas Cohen, William J Aronson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with poorly differentiated and advanced prostate cancer and increased mortality. In preclinical models, caloric restriction delays prostate cancer progression and prolongs survival. We sought to determine if weight loss (WL) in men with prostate cancer prior to radical prostatectomy affects tumor apoptosis and proliferation, and if WL effects other metabolic biomarkers. METHODS: In this Phase II prospective trial, overweight and obese men scheduled for radical prostatectomy were randomized to a 5-8 week WL program consisting of standard structured energy-restricted meal plans (1200-1500 Kcal/day) and physical activity or to a control group...
December 4, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203282/modulation-of-mcl-1-transcription-by-serum-deprivation-sensitizes-cancer-cells-to-cisplatin
#6
Viacheslav V Senichkin, Gelina S Kopeina, Eugenia A Prokhorova, Alexey V Zamaraev, Inna N Lavrik, Boris Zhivotovsky
BACKGROUND: The development of approaches that increase therapeutic effects of anti-cancer drugs is one of the most important tasks of oncology. Caloric restriction in vivo or serum deprivation (SD) in vitro has been shown to be an effective tool for sensitizing cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the enhancement of apoptosis in cancer cells by SD remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Flow cytometry, caspase activity assay and western blotting were used for cell death rate evaluation...
December 1, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196499/nutritional-regimens-with-periodically-recurring-phases-of-dietary-restriction-extend-lifespan-in-drosophila
#7
Renja Romey-Glüsing, Yang Li, Julia Hoffmann, Jakob von Frieling, Mirjam Knop, Roxana Pfefferkorn, Iris Bruchhaus, Christine Fink, Thomas Roeder
Nutritional interventions such as caloric and dietary restriction increase lifespan in various animal models. To identify alternative and less demanding nutritional interventions that extend lifespan, we subjected fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) to weekly nutritional regimens that involved alternating a conventional diet with dietary restriction. Short periods of dietary restriction (up to 2 d) followed by longer periods of a conventional diet yielded minimal increases in lifespan. We found that 3 or more days of contiguous dietary restriction (DR) was necessary to yield a lifespan extension similar to that observed with persistent DR...
December 1, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196442/nephron-progenitor-cell-death-elicits-a-limited-compensatory-response-associated-with-interstitial-expansion-in-the-neonatal-kidney
#8
Sree Deepthi Muthukrishnan, Sergey Ryzhov, Michele Karolak, Leif Oxburgh
The final nephron number in an adult kidney is regulated by nephron progenitor cell availability and collecting duct branching in the fetal period. Fetal environmental perturbations that cause reductions in cell numbers in these two compartments result in low nephron endowment. Previous work has shown that maternal dietary factors influence nephron progenitor cell availability, with both caloric restriction and protein deprivation leading to reduced cell numbers through apoptosis. In this study, we evaluate the consequences of inducing nephron progenitor cell death on progenitor niche dynamics and on nephron endowment...
December 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182451/protein-recommendations-for-weight-loss-in-elite-athletes-a-focus-on-body-composition-and-performance
#9
Amy Hector, Stuart M Phillips
There exists a large body of scientific evidence to support protein intakes in excess of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) (0.8g protein/kg/d) to promote the retention of skeletal muscle and loss of adipose tissue during dietary energy restriction. Diet-induced weight loss with as low as possible ratio of skeletal muscle to fat mass loss is a situation we refer to as high quality weight loss. We propose that high quality weight loss is often of importance to elite athletes in order to maintain their muscle (engine) and shed unwanted fat mass, potentially improving athletic performance...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175441/emotional-ratings-of-high-and-low-calorie-food-are-differentially-associated-with-cognitive-restraint-and-dietary-restriction
#10
Sarah E Racine
Dietary restraint is a robust risk factor for binge eating and eating disorders, which may partially result from increased reward reactivity to food in individuals who attempt to diet. However, research examining the association between dietary restraint and reactivity to food cues is mixed. Mixed findings may reflect distinct relations between food cue reactivity and different dimensions of dietary behavior; attempts to diet (cognitive restraint) may be associated with increased positive evaluations of food, whereas actual reduction in food intake (dietary restriction) may be achieved through decreased reactivity to food cues...
November 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175212/role-of-pyroptosis-in-normal-cardiac-response-to-calorie-restriction-and-starvation
#11
Zhonghua Wang, Fan Yang, Yanan Jiang, Rui Wang, Xinrui Chen, Jinxin Lv, Chunlei Li, Xin Sun, Jia Li, Shu Wang
AIMS: An unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for cardiac diseases. Most researches focus on high fat diet, little is known about the detrimental effects of starvation on cardiac. METHODS: Mice were fed 100%, 40% and 20% of ad libitum to mimic the situation of moderate and severe caloric restriction (CR). To further evaluate the different effect of CR and starvation on cardiomyocyte, AC16 cells were treated with different concentrations of serum or glucose. TUNEL staining was performed to evaluate DNA damage in AC16 cells...
November 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174968/caloric-restriction-can-improve-learning-and-memory-in-c57-bl-mice-probably-via-regulation-of-the-ampk-signaling-pathway
#12
Lina Ma, Rong Wang, Wen Dong, Zhiwei Zhao
Caloric restriction (CR) is effective in slowing aging and delaying aging-related diseases in many species, but the mechanism is complex and not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the beneficial effects of a caloric restriction diet on learning and memory, and further to elucidate the mechanisms. Thirty 6-week-old male C57/BL mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC group), high-energy (HE group) and CR group. After 44weeks, the Morris water maze was used to examine learning and memory abilities...
November 23, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167531/publisher-correction-sex-dependent-effects-of-caloric-restriction-on-the-ageing-of-an-ambush-feeding-copepod
#13
Enric Saiz, Albert Calbet, Kaiene Griffell
 A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163756/effect-of-chronic-administration-of-resveratrol-on-cognitive-performance-during-aging-process-in-rats
#14
A R Navarro-Cruz, R Ramírez Y Ayala, C Ochoa-Velasco, E Brambila, R Avila-Sosa, S Pérez-Fernández, J C Morales-Medina, P Aguilar-Alonso
The increase in the elderly population has generated concern to meet health demands. The research efforts to elucidate the mechanisms of damage associated with aging have also been significantly increased, especially in order to avoid the reduction of the cognitive abilities in geriatric patients, resulting from the damage generated mainly at the level of the hippocampus during old age. At present, many studies describe resveratrol as an antiaging component. There are reports that it can activate the Sirt1 gene related to antiaging, emulating the effects obtained by caloric restriction in rodents...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157677/dna-methylation-affects-the-lifespan-of-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-l-workers-evidence-for-a-regulatory-module-that-involves-vitellogenin-expression-but-is-independent-of-juvenile-hormone-function
#15
Carlos A M Cardoso-Júnior, Karina R Guidugli-Lazzarini, Klaus Hartfelder
The canonic regulatory module for lifespan of honey bee (Apis mellifera) workers involves a mutual repressor relationship between juvenile hormone (JH) and vitellogenin (Vg). Compared to vertebrates, however, little is known about a possible role of epigenetic factors. The full genomic repertoire of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) makes the honey bee an attractive emergent model for studying the role of epigenetics in the aging process of invertebrates, and especially so in social insects. We first quantified the transcript levels of the four DNMTs encoding genes in the head thorax and abdomens of workers of different age, showing that dnmt1a and dnmt3 expression is up-regulated in abdomens of old workers, whereas dnmt1b and dnmt2 are down-regulated in heads of old workers...
November 20, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151077/weight-loss-dependent-and-independent-effects-of-moderate-calorie-restriction-on-endothelial-cell-markers-in-obesity
#16
K Korybalska, J Luczak, E Swora-Cwynar, A Kanikowska, N Czepulis, D Kanikowska, H Skalisz, A Breborowicz, M Grzymislawski, J Witowski
Endothelial cell dysfunction in obesity can be reduced by calorie restriction (CR), however it is unclear whether this benefit requires a concomitant weight loss or is it simply related to the reduced calorie intake per se. In our study serum was drawn from 41 obese women who were undergoing an 8-week dietary intervention with 15 - 30% energy deficit, and from 48 age- and sex-matched controls of normal weight. Serum was analysed for biomarkers of endothelial cell function, oxidative stress and inflammation...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141966/nutritional-factors-affecting-adult-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-function
#17
REVIEW
Shibu M Poulose, Marshall G Miller, Tammy Scott, Barbara Shukitt-Hale
Adult neurogenesis, a complex process by which stem cells in the hippocampal brain region differentiate and proliferate into new neurons and other resident brain cells, is known to be affected by many intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including diet. Neurogenesis plays a critical role in neural plasticity, brain homeostasis, and maintenance in the central nervous system and is a crucial factor in preserving the cognitive function and repair of damaged brain cells affected by aging and brain disorders. Intrinsic factors such as aging, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and brain injury, as well as lifestyle factors such as high-fat and high-sugar diets and alcohol and opioid addiction, negatively affect adult neurogenesis...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132732/the-role-of-artificial-and-natural-sweeteners-in-reducing-the-consumption-of-table-sugar-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Arshag D Mooradian, Meridith Smith, Masaaki Tokuda
The rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity worldwide has been partially attributed to the overconsumption of added sugars. Recent guidelines call for limiting the consumption of simple sugars to less than 10% of daily caloric consumption. High intensity sweeteners are regulated as food additives and include aspartame, acesulfame-k, neotame, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate and alitame. Steviol glycosides and Luo Han Guo fruit extracts are high intensity sweeteners that are designated as generally recognized as safe (GRAS)...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131966/activation-of-the-central-melanocortin-system-in-rats-persistently-reduces-body-and-fat-mass-independently-of-caloric-reduction
#19
Isabelle Côté, Sara M Green, Drake Morgan, Christy Carter, Nihal Tümer, Philip James Scarpace
Recent evidence indicate that Melanotan II (MTII) reduces body mass independently of caloric reduction. Because MTII induces a transient hypophagia, caloric reduction is still considered a primary mechanism for MTII-mediated body mass loss. To examine the contribution of caloric reduction to long-term body mass loss in response to Melanotan II (MTII), we centrally infused MTII or vehicle in ad libitum fed (MTII and Control) animals in comparison to a group of animals that were pair-fed (PF) to the MTII group...
November 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129786/mechanisms-by-which-a-very-low-calorie-diet-reverses-hyperglycemia-in-a-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#20
Rachel J Perry, Liang Peng, Gary W Cline, Yongliang Wang, Aviva Rabin-Court, Joongyu D Song, Dongyan Zhang, Xian-Man Zhang, Yuichi Nozaki, Sylvie Dufour, Kitt Falk Petersen, Gerald I Shulman
Caloric restriction rapidly reverses type 2 diabetes (T2D), but the mechanism(s) of this reversal are poorly understood. Here we show that 3 days of a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD, one-quarter their typical intake) lowered plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in a rat model of T2D without altering body weight. The lower plasma glucose was associated with a 30% reduction in hepatic glucose production resulting from suppression of both gluconeogenesis from pyruvate carboxylase (VPC), explained by a reduction in hepatic acetyl-CoA content, and net hepatic glycogenolysis...
November 8, 2017: Cell Metabolism
keyword
keyword
55315
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"