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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445539/restless-legs-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-diseases-a-case-control-study
#1
Marion Cholley-Roulleau, Sofiene Chenini, Séverine Béziat, Lily Guiraud, Isabelle Jaussent, Yves Dauvilliers
OBJECTIVE: The association between restless legs syndrome (RLS), cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and hypertension is inconsistent. This case-control study examined i) the association between primary RLS, CVD and hypertension by taking into account many potential confounders and ii) the influence of RLS duration, severity and treatment, sleep and depressive symptoms on CVD and hypertension in primary RLS. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire to assess the RLS phenotype, history of CVD and hypertension, sleep and depressive symptoms, drug intake and demographic/clinical features was sent to the France-Ekbom Patients Association members...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439921/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-intermittent-hypoxia-on-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-regulation
#2
Andrew E Beaudin, Xavier Waltz, Patrick J Hanly, Marc J Poulin
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, a consequence attributed in part to chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) resulting from repetitive apnoeas during sleep. Although findings from experimental animal, and human, models have shown that IH is detrimental to vascular regulation, the severity of IH used in many of these animal studies (e.g. inspired fraction of oxygen (FI O2 ) = 2-3%; oxygen desaturation index (ODI) = 120 events h(-1) ) is considerably greater than that observed in the majority of patients with OSA...
April 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430522/impact-of-naturalistic-lighting-on-hospitalized-stroke-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-unit-design-and-measurement
#3
Anders West, Poul Jennum, Sofie Amalie Simonsen, Birgit Sander, Milena Pavlova, Helle K Iversen
INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE: Stroke is a major cause of acquired cerebral disability among adults, frequently accompanied by depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, disrupted sleep and fatigue. New ways of intervention to prevent these complications are therefore needed. The major circadian regulator, the suprachiasmatic nucleus, is mainly controlled by natural daylight, and the blue spectrum is considered the most powerful. During stroke rehabilitation, patients typically are mostly indoors and therefore not exposed to the natural daytime variation in light intensity...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#4
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422847/correlation-between-calpain-10-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnoea-syndrome-with-ischemic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population-a-population-based-study
#5
Wei Zhang, Zhi-Ru Zhao, Chang-Fei Dai, Rong Zhang, Jie Chen, Hui-Juan Tian, Yun-Long Wang, Ji-Hong Sun, Qiu-Fang Lian
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common chronic disorder which is followed by various complications. Calpain-10 belongs to a commonly expressed member of the Calpain-like cysteine protease family, which acts as risk marker for some diseases. The purpose of this study is to elucidate correlation between Calpain-10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the incidence of OSAHS followed by ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS: OSAHS patients were divided as OSAHS + IS, OSAHS, and control groups, respectively...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421954/poor-sleep-linked-to-increased-risk-of-heart-attack-and-stroke
#6
(no author information available yet)
Insomnia is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, according to a study in China. Researchers carried out a meta-analysis of 15 cohort studies to assess the association between insomnia symptoms and incidence or death from cardiovascular disease and stroke.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421375/obstructive-sleep-apnea-increases-the-risk-of-cardiac-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#7
REVIEW
Hua Qu, Ming Guo, Ying Zhang, Da-Zhuo Shi
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and coronary artery disease; however, the association between OSA and cardiac outcomes in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undetermined. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched from inception to July 2016 for cohort studies that followed up with patients after PCI, and evaluated their overnight sleep patterns within 1 month for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) as primary outcomes including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization and secondary outcomes including re-admission for heart failure and stroke...
April 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420282/exploring-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-sleep-disturbance-following-acquired-brain-injury
#8
Sylvia Nguyen, Dean McKenzie, Adam McKay, Dana Wong, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie Ponsford
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of treatment response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for sleep disturbance following acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was conducted on individual patient data from two pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs): one in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the other in stroke. The combined sample comprised 32 participants; 15 receiving CBT and 17 allocated to treatment as usual (TAU)...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416405/development-validation-and-assessment-of-an-ischemic-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-specific-prediction-tool-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Jason J Sico, H Klar Yaggi, Susan Ofner, John Concato, Charles Austin, Jared Ferguson, Li Qin, Lauren Tobias, Stanley Taylor, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Vincent McLain, Linda S Williams, Dawn M Bravata
BACKGROUND: Screening instruments for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as used routinely to guide clinicians regarding patient referral for polysomnography (PSG), rely heavily on symptomatology. We sought to develop and validate a cerebrovascular disease-specific OSA prediction model less reliant on symptomatology, and to compare its performance with commonly used screening instruments within a population with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: Using data on demographic factors, anthropometric measurements, medical history, stroke severity, sleep questionnaires, and PSG from 2 independently derived, multisite, randomized trials that enrolled patients with stroke or TIA, we developed and validated a model to predict the presence of OSA (i...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416047/clarifying-the-role-of-hypoxia-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-as-a-potential-promulgator-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-ischemic-stroke
#10
Reena Mehra, James Bena, Harneet K Walia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408965/phospholipase-c-related-catalytically-inactive-protein-can-regulate-obesity-a-state-of-peripheral-inflammation
#11
REVIEW
Yosuke Yamawaki, Kana Oue, Satomi Shirawachi, Satoshi Asano, Kae Harada, Takashi Kanematsu
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. Chronic inflammation in fat influences the development of obesity-related diseases. Many reports state that obesity increases the risk of morbidity in many diseases, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, and breast, prostate and colon cancers, leading to increased mortality. Obesity is also associated with chronic neuropathologic conditions such as depression and Alzheimer's disease. However, there is strong evidence that weight loss reduces these risks, by limiting blood pressure and improving levels of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol...
February 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407021/analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-overactive-bladder-in-adult-korean-men
#12
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Hyo Geun Choi
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a prevalent condition characterized by lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Age, education, income, marital status, sleep, and emotional problems have been associated with OAB; however, conflicting results exist. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of OAB and comprehensively analyze its associated factors in a large cross-sectional, population-based study. The data of 94,554 participants aged 19-107 were analyzed from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) of 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399097/-influence-chronopharmacology-therapy-methionine-melaxen-on-the-dynamics-of-sleep-disturbance-cognitive-and-emotional-disorders-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-in-patients-with-cerebral-stroke-in-the-early-and-late-recovery-periods
#13
E V Kostenko
AIM: To study the efficacy of melaxen on the dynamics of sleep disturbance, cognitive and emotional disorders, BDNF and the level of secretion of melatonin (6-SOMT) in patients with stroke in the early and late recovery phase. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients in the rehabilitation period of stroke (mean age of 58.4±6.4 years), including 60 patients in the early recovery phase (group 1) and 50 patients in the late phase (group 2), were studied...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389588/probable-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-risk-of-stroke-a-prospective-study
#14
Chaoran Ma, Milena Pavlova, Yesong Liu, Ying Liu, Chunmei Huangfu, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether probable REM sleep behavior disorder (pRBD) was associated with increased risk of developing stroke in a community-based cohort. METHODS: The study included 12,003 participants (mean age 54.0 years) of the Kailuan Study, free of stroke, cancer, Parkinson disease, dementia, and head injury at baseline (2012). We determined pRBD using a validated REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) questionnaire in 2012. Incident stroke cases were confirmed by review of medical records...
April 7, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386781/diagnosing-and-managing-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-chronic-cerebrovascular-disease-a-randomized-trial-of-a-home-based-strategy
#15
Dawn M Bravata, Vincent McClain, Charles Austin, Jared Ferguson, Nicholas Burrus, Edward J Miech, Marianne S Matthias, Neale Chumbler, Susan Ofner, Brian Foresman, Jason Sico, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Linda S Williams, Rajiv Agarwal, John Concato, H Klar Yaggi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is common and associated with poor outcomes after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We sought to determine whether the intervention strategy improved sleep apnea detection, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment, and hypertension control among patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease and hypertension. METHODS: In this randomized controlled strategy trial intervention, patients received unattended polysomnography at baseline, and patients with OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥5 events/h) received auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for up to 1 year...
April 6, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381430/impact-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-short-term-post-operative-outcome-after-elective-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Sven Rupprecht, Torsten Schultze, Andreas Nachtmann, Ardawan Julian Rastan, Torsten Doenst, Matthias Schwab, Otto W Witte, Sebastian Rohe, Isabelle Zwacka, Heike Hoyer
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with coronary disease, but its impact on post-operative recovery after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is unclear. We therefore determined the effects of SDB on post-operative outcome after elective CABG.In this prospective two-centre study, 219 patients due to receive elective CABG underwent cardiorespiratory polygraphy for SDB prior to surgery and were monitored for post-operative complications. The primary end-point was a composite of 30-day mortality or major post-operative complications (cardiac, respiratory, surgical, infectious, acute renal failure or stroke)...
April 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380133/association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#17
Fernanda Porto, Yuri Saho Sakamoto, Cristina Salles
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated to cardiovascular risk factors. However, the association between OSA and cardiovascular disease is still controversial. The objective of the present study was to verify the association between OSA and myocardial infarction (MI). This is a systematic review of the literature performed through electronic data sources MEDLINE/PubMed, PubMed Central, Web of Science and BVS -Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (Virtual Health Library). The descriptors used were: 'obstructive sleep apnea' AND 'polysomnography' AND 'myocardial infarction' AND 'adults NOT 'treatment...
March 30, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376127/the-doc-screen-feasible-and-valid-screening-for-depression-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-and-cognitive-impairment-in-stroke-prevention-clinics
#18
Richard H Swartz, Megan L Cayley, Krista L Lanctôt, Brian J Murray, Ashley Cohen, Kevin E Thorpe, Michelle N Sicard, Karen Lien, Demetrios J Sahlas, Nathan Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke Depression, Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Cognitive impairment ("DOC") are associated with greater mortality, worse recovery and poorer quality of life. Best practice recommendations endorse routine screening for each condition; yet, all are under-assessed, diagnosed and treated. We seek to determine the feasibility and validity of an integrated tool ("DOC" screen) to identify stroke clinic patients at high-risk of depression, OSA, and cognitive impairment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374233/neurological-deficits-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
REVIEW
Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Giulia Elisabetta Lombardi, Sara Marelli, Andrea Galbiati
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of complete or partial obstruction of the upper airway. The prevalence of this disorder is strictly dependent on its gravity. At ≥15 events/h apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), it ranges from 6 to 17% in the general population, with higher rates in men and increasing with age. The hypoxia induced by OSA severely affects the structure and function of blood vessels, culminating in mortality and morbidity...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368898/the-effect-of-sleep-disturbances-on-the-functional-recovery-of-rehabilitation-inpatients-following-mild-and-moderate-stroke
#20
Kyung-Lim Joa, Won-Hyoung Kim, Ha-Yoon Choi, Chan-Hyuk Park, Eun-Suk Kim, Sook-Joung Lee, Soo-Yeon Kim, Sung-Hwa Ko, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the impact of insomnia and sleep disturbance on the functional outcomes of mild and moderated stroke. DESIGN: A multicenter-observational and correlation study was performed. Two hundred eighty patients with mild-moderate severity stroke admitted to three acute hospitals rehabilitation departments. Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria were used to define patients with insomnia and any sleep disturbance...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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