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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617375/-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#1
R G Esin, I Kh Khairullin, E R Mukhametova, O R Esin
AIM: To study persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) in outpatients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and patients with presbiataxia (PAt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with PPPD, including 14 with Meniere's disease (MD), 19 with BPPV, 17 with a history of ischemic stroke (IS) in the vertebrobasilar system and 34 with Pat, were examined. For the diagnosis of anxiety, the original 15-point questionnaire with the Likert Scale structure was used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612540/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-arthritis-in-middle-and-old-aged-populations-in-china
#2
Pei-Ya Cao, Kan Wu, Jia-Hui Qian, Hui-Qiang Luo, Xiao-Hui Ren
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of arthritis in middle- and old-aged populations in China and associated factors. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of arthritis with social economic status (age, gender, areas, education), comorbidity (hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease, liver disease, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, digestive disease, asthma), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, sleeping) and mental health (depression symptoms)...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603718/impact-of-sleep-apnea-on-in-hospital-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insight-from-national-inpatient-sample-database-2011-2014
#3
Ilhwan Yeo, Hasan Ahmad, Wilbert S Aronow
BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea is associated with worse outcomes following various kinds of surgeries. There is a paucity of data on the association of sleep apnea with clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: We used National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data 2011-2014 to identify patients undergoing TAVR. Association between sleep apnea and in-hospital postoperative outcomes were assessed by multivariate logistic regression and 1:1 propensity score matching analyses...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601366/peri-apneic-hemodynamic-reactions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Anu Muraja-Murro, Outi Nieminen, Petro Julkunen, Juha Töyräs, Tomi Laitinen, Esa Mervaala
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Little is known on acute peri-apneic hemodynamic alterations due to apneas. We assessed these rapid changes and how duration of apnea might contribute to them. Eight patients with severe OSA were studied with polysomnography including continuous blood pressure monitoring. Peri-apneic hemodynamic alterations, heart rate, blood pressure, stroke volume, cardiac output and peripheral resistance, were assessed in short (<20s) and long (>27s) apneas...
May 31, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599841/changing-paradigm-in-the-management-of-elderly-patients-with-intracranial-aneurysms-an-institutional-review
#5
Oleg Y Chernyshev, Shyamal C Bir, Tanmoy K Maiti, Devi Prasad Patra, Cesar Liendo, Hugo Cuellar, Alireza Minagar, Anil Nanda
Optimal treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) in elderly patients has not yet been well established. We have investigated the clinical and radiological outcomes and predictors of unfavorable outcome of IAs in elderly patients. Radiological and clinical data of 85 elderly patients from 2010 through 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Significant differences between the groups were determined by a chi-square test. Regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of unfavorable outcome. Among the 85 patients with IAs, the number of patients with >7mm size aneurysm (p=0...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599022/burden-of-disease-from-road-traffic-and-railway-noise-a-quantification-of-healthy-life-years-lost-in-sweden
#6
Charlotta Eriksson, Theo Bodin, Jenny Selander
Objectives National quantifications of the health burden related to traffic noise are still rare. In this study, we use disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure to assess the burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise in Sweden. Methods The number of DALY was assessed for annoyance, sleep disturbance, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke using a method previously implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). Population exposure to noise was obtained from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596449/noninvasive-ventilatory-correction-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Georgios Tsivgoulis, Andrei V Alexandrov, Aristeidis H Katsanos, Kristian Barlinn, Robert Mikulik, Vaia Lambadiari, Anastasios Bonakis, Anne W Alexandrov
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Even though current guidelines suggest that noninvasive ventilatory correction (NIVC) could be considered for acute ischemic stroke patients with obstructive sleep apnea, available evidence is conflicting, with no adequately powered randomized clinical trial being available to date. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available literature data evaluating the effect of NIVC on neurological improvement (based on decrease in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score), vascular events (recurrent stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction and unstable angina), and mortality during the follow-up period...
June 8, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586374/nocturnal-leg-cramps-prevalence-and-associations-with-demographics-sleep-disturbance-symptoms-medical-conditions-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#8
Michael A Grandner, John W Winkelman
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) are common and poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of NLC and associations with cardiometabolic, sleep, and behavioral risk factors in the US population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional epidemiology. PARTICIPANTS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 waves. MAIN OUTCOME(S) AND MEASURE(S): NLC were assessed with, "In the past month, how often did you have leg cramps while trying to sleep?" Responses were categorized as None, Mild, or Moderate-Severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560091/a-mixed-methods-study-of-multiple-health-behaviors-among-individuals-with-stroke
#9
Matthew Plow, Shirley M Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Irene Katzan
BACKGROUND: Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health behavior. Thus, there is a poor understanding of linkages between healthy behaviors and the circumstances in which factors, such as stroke impairments, may influence a single or multiple health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods convergent parallel study of 25 individuals with stroke to examine the relationships between stroke impairments and physical activity, sleep, and nutrition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550476/stroke-and-other-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-the-effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#10
Mirjam H Schipper, Korne Jellema, Bregje J W Thomassen, Diego Alvarez-Estevez, Johan Verbraecken, Roselyne M Rijsman
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a known-risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. There are indications that treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) reduces the risk of new cardiovascular events. In this study, we analyzed the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with OSA and compared for the impact of CPAP therapy. All polysomnographies performed in 2009 and 2010 were selected with an AHI ≥5 and patients older than 18 years. These 1110 patients were approached with a questionnaire about cardiovascular events and CPAP treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545786/the-associations-between-insomnia-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-rehabilitation-units-at-1month-after-stroke
#11
Won-Hyoung Kim, Han-Young Jung, Ha-Yoon Choi, Chan-Hyuk Park, Eun-Suk Kim, Sook-Joung Lee, Sung-Hwa Ko, Soo-Yeon Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa
OBJECTIVE: The principal objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between insomnia and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during the early stage of stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The subjects were 214 first-time stroke patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit at one of three Korean hospitals. Within 7days after stroke, functions were evaluated using; the Berg Balance Scale, the Modified Barthel Index, the Mini Mental State Examination, the Frontal Assessment Battery, Screening Tests for Aphasia and Neurologic-Communication Disorders, and the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545542/recognition-and-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-important-component-of-chronic-disease-management
#12
REVIEW
Peter C Farrell, Glenn Richards
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a highly prevalent condition, and is associated with many debilitating chronic diseases. The role of untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in arterial hypertension has been recognized in international guidelines. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with clinically-relevant reductions in blood pressure. In heart failure (HF), SDB is associated with worse prognosis and increased mortality. Major HF guidelines recommend that patients should be treated for sleep apnea to improve their HF status...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531237/burden-of-neurological-diseases-in-the-us-revealed-by-web-searches
#13
Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Puneet Mohan Sangal, Pablo Villoslada
BACKGROUND: Analyzing the disease-related web searches of Internet users provides insight into the interests of the general population as well as the healthcare industry, which can be used to shape health care policies. METHODS: We analyzed the searches related to neurological diseases and drugs used in neurology using the most popular search engines in the US, Google and Bing/Yahoo. RESULTS: We found that the most frequently searched diseases were common diseases such as dementia or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as medium frequency diseases with high social impact such as Parkinson's disease, MS and ALS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522098/study-of-association-of-severity-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-functional-outcome-in-stroke-patients
#14
Rohit Kumar, J C Suri, Rajesh Manocha
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent yet underrecognized condition that may have major adverse consequences for those affected by it. We performed a prospective observational study to seek a correlation of severity of SDB with the severity of stroke and its functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with history of recent-onset stroke were recruited and underwent overnight polysomnography (PSG) after the acute phase of the stroke was over; for defining hypopneas, 3% and 4% desaturation limits were used, and the apnea-hypopnea index was respectively calculated as AHI3% and AHI4%...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522093/sleep-duration-associated-with-cardiovascular-conditions-among-adult-nevadans
#15
Brianna L Pergola, Sheniz Moonie, Jennifer Pharr, Timothy Bungum, Julia L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Associations between sleep duration and cardiovascular conditions have been inconsistent. Both short and long sleep duration are associated with increased risk for diabetes, hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol, depression, and overall metabolic dysfunction; all of which are cardiovascular disease risk factors. This study aimed to determine if deficient or excessive sleep duration is associated with cardiovascular conditions. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for the state of Nevada...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521579/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-stroke-fatigue-and-sleep-disturbance-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-with-blind-assessment
#16
Sylvia Nguyen, Dana Wong, Adam McKay, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie L Ponsford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-stroke fatigue and sleep disturbance compared to treatment as usual (TAU). In a parallel two-group pilot randomised controlled trial of 15 participants, nine were allocated to eight weekly sessions of adapted CBT and six continued usual care rehabilitation. The primary outcome was the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS-7) at two and four months from baseline. Secondary outcomes included measures of sleep, mood and quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511486/a-review-on-detection-and-treatment-methods-of-sleep-apnea
#17
REVIEW
Rajeswari Jayaraj, Jagannath Mohan, Adalarasu Kanagasabai
This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. The most common sleep disorders are narcolepsy, hypersomnia, sleep talking, sleep walking, and bedwetting. Sleep apnea (somnipathy) is a serious sleep disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Breathing pauses occur 30 times or more during sleep and it lasts for few seconds to minutes, when normal breathing starts after this pause...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510764/periodic-limb-movements-during-sleep-and-white-matter-mri-hyperintensity-in-minor-stroke-or-tia
#18
Mauro Manconi, Claudio L Bassetti, Raffaele Ferri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510763/reply-to-periodic-limb-movements-during-sleep-and-white-matter-mri-hyperintensity-in-minor-stroke-or-tia
#19
Mark I Boulos, Ryan T Muir, Fuqiang Gao, Andrew S Lim, Richard H Swartz, Sandra E Black, Arthur S Walters, Brian J Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482057/the-potential-impact-of-sleep-related-movement-disorders-on-stroke-risk-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#20
Chung-Hsing Chou, Jiu-Haw Yin, Shao-Yuan Chen, Chun-Chieh Lin, Yueh-Feng Sung, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Wu-Chien Chien, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Chia-Lin Tsai, Guan-Yu Lin, Yu-Kai Lin, Jiunn-Tay Lee
Background: Sleep-related movement disorders (SRMD) have been shown to increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, the relationship between SRMD and stroke remains unclear. Aim: To explore the relationship between SRMD and stroke in the general population. Design: Two cohorts of patients with SRMD & without SRMD were followed up for the occurrence of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. Methods: The study cohort enrolled 604 patients who were initially diagnosed as SRMD between 2000 and 2005...
May 8, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
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