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knowledge score neonatal jaundice

Adebola E Orimadegun, Adeola O Ojebiyi
BACKGROUND: Over half of births and newborn care occur in primary healthcare facilities in Nigeria, but information on activities of personnel working there is scarce. AIM: To assess the knowledge and practices relating to neonatal jaundice (NNJ) among community health workers (CHWs) and community birth attendants (CBAs) in Nigeria. SETTING: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of all 227 CHWs and 193 registered CBAs in Ibadan, Nigeria...
January 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Eman Mohamed Ibraheim Moawad, Enas Abdallah Ali Abdallah, Yahia Zakaria Abdelalim Ali
Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is one of the most common neonatal disorders worldwide. It is still a main cause of avoidable brain damage, physical and mental impairment, and probable death in newborns.We aimed to assess perceptions, practices, and traditional beliefs among Egyptian mothers toward NNJ that may contribute to delayed presentation and inappropriate management of hyperbilirubinemia.This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2015. We interviewed 400 Egyptian mothers who gave birth in <1 month before the study using a structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sean M Riordan, Douglas C Bittel, Jean-Baptiste Le Pichon, Silvia Gazzin, Claudio Tiribelli, Jon F Watchko, Richard P Wennberg, Steven M Shapiro
Genetic-based susceptibility to bilirubin neurotoxicity and chronic bilirubin encephalopathy (kernicterus) is still poorly understood. Neonatal jaundice affects 60-80% of newborns, and considerable effort goes into preventing this relatively benign condition from escalating into the development of kernicterus making the incidence of this potentially devastating condition very rare in more developed countries. The current understanding of the genetic background of kernicterus is largely comprised of mutations related to alterations of bilirubin production, elimination, or both...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Olayinka O Goodman, Omolara A Kehinde, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: A community-based survey was conducted amongst mothers aged 15-49 years living in Mosan-Okunola, Lagos, Nigeria to determine the knowledge of, attitudes to, preventive and treatment practices towards neonatal jaundice (NNJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mothers were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. A pre-tested interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain data. The knowledge of the mothers was scored and scores lower than 50% were graded as poor, 50-74% as fair and ≥75% as good...
July 2015: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Soubhagya Ranjan Tripathy, Sudhanshu Sekhar Mishra, Rama Chandra Deo, Itibrata Mohanta, Kalpalata Tripathy
BACKGROUND: Cerebral aspergillosis, often encountered in immunocompromised patients, is almost always fatal despite radical surgical and medical management and frequently is a finding at autopsy. Attempts at fungal isolation often are unsuccessful, and a high index of radiologic suspicion is necessary. CASE DESCRIPTION: A premature, 5-month-old female infant, born via normal vaginal delivery, presented with a progressive increase in head size since birth, delayed developmental milestones, and intermittent vomiting for 1 month...
November 2015: World Neurosurgery
N Y Boo, C Y Gan, Y W Gian, K S L Lim, M W Lim, H Krishna-Kumar
This study aimed to determine the gaps of knowledge and practices of care of neonatal jaundice among Malaysian mothers. It was a cross sectional study of 400 mothers who attended the obstetric clinics or were admitted to the obstetric wards of a general hospital. They were surveyed with a structured set of questionnaire. The results showed that a majority (93.8%) of them knew about neonatal jaundice, and 71.7% knew that jaundice lasting more than 2 weeks was abnormal. However, only 34.3% of them were aware that jaundice appearing during the first 36 hours of life was abnormal...
August 2011: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Nasrin Khalesi, Fatemeh Rakhshani
OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge, attitude, and behaviour of mothers about neonatal jaundice. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 400 cases who delivered at Ali-Ebne Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan-Iran during April and May 2006 were interviewed to complete 21-point questionnaires. The first data was analyzed descriptively then analytically by chi2, Pearson correlation, and independent t-test using SPSS 11 software. RESULTS: The mean age of mothers was 26...
December 2008: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Abdolahad Amirshaghaghi, Kamyar Ghabili, Mohammadali M Shoja, Hossein Kooshavar
The present study was conducted on a group of Iranian mothers with icteric newborn in order to identify any wrong knowledge and improper practices related to the neonatal jaundice. Such an estimate of knowledge and practices of mothers may be required for implementing the educational programs on which the preventive measures of kernicterus are principally thought to be depended. Between June 2004 and February 2007, 1666 mothers with icteric newborn hospitalized at a single center were enrolled. A questionnaire was used to assess the participants' knowledge and practice of neonatal jaundice...
March 15, 2008: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Camila Carbone Prado, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira, Antônio de Azevedo Barros-Filho, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi da Costa-Pinto, Gabriel Hessel
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Chronic liver diseases in childhood often cause undernutrition and growth failure. To our knowledge, growth parameters in infants with neonatal cholestasis are not available AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status and growth pattern in infants with intrahepatic cholestasis and extrahepatic cholestasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred forty-four patients with neonatal cholestasis were followed up at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Service of the Teaching Hospital, State University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil, in a 23-year period, from 1980 to 2003...
October 2006: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
B O Olusanya, L M Luxon, S L Wirz
BACKGROUND: Parental support for infant hearing loss is essential for a successful infant screening programme. However, in developing countries where unfavourable customs and beliefs towards childhood disabilities have been reported, parental support towards infant screening is uncertain and there is presently no published evidence on the subject. OBJECTIVE: To elicit the views of mothers and would-be mothers in order to ascertain their knowledge on infant hearing loss and their attitudes towards infant hearing screening...
April 2006: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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