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Eman Mohamed Ibraheim Moawad, Enas Abdallah Ali Abdallah, Yahia Zakaria Abdelalim Ali
Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is one of the most common neonatal disorders worldwide. It is still a main cause of avoidable brain damage, physical and mental impairment, and probable death in newborns.We aimed to assess perceptions, practices, and traditional beliefs among Egyptian mothers toward NNJ that may contribute to delayed presentation and inappropriate management of hyperbilirubinemia.This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2015. We interviewed 400 Egyptian mothers who gave birth in <1 month before the study using a structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chiara Greco, Gaston Arnolda, Nem-Yun Boo, Iman F Iskander, Angela A Okolo, Rinawati Rohsiswatmo, Steven M Shapiro, Jon Watchko, Richard P Wennberg, Claudio Tiribelli, Carlos D Coda Zabetta
Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, defined as total serum bilirubin (TSB) ≥20 mg/dl, is associated with a higher risk of permanent neurological sequelae and death. Jaundice can and should be promptly diagnosed and treated. Reliable methods for TSB assay are not always readily available, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, making the true incidence of severe neonatal jaundice (NNJ) difficult to estimate. To gather a more comprehensive picture, a symposium addressing NNJ worldwide was organized during the 2015 Don Ostrow Trieste Yellow Retreat...
2016: Neonatology
Olayinka O Goodman, Omolara A Kehinde, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: A community-based survey was conducted amongst mothers aged 15-49 years living in Mosan-Okunola, Lagos, Nigeria to determine the knowledge of, attitudes to, preventive and treatment practices towards neonatal jaundice (NNJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mothers were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. A pre-tested interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain data. The knowledge of the mothers was scored and scores lower than 50% were graded as poor, 50-74% as fair and ≥75% as good...
July 2015: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Nirmal Kavalloor Visruthan, Pratibha Agarwal, Bhavani Sriram, Victor Samuel Rajadurai
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm (LP) neonates (34 to 36 weeks gestation) are often managed like term neonates though current literature has identified them to have greater complications. The primary objective of our study was to evaluate and compare morbidity and resource utilisation in LPs especially in view of paucity of Asian studies in this regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit was carried out on 12,459 neonates born in KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKWCH)...
July 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Ling Zhang, Peng Hu, Jian Wang, Min Zhang, Qing Ling Zhang, Bo Hu
BACKGROUND: Mothers' knowledge of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is grossly deficient or inaccurate, which may adversely affect the actions of mothers in the recognition of NNJ and cause a delay in seeking medical attention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1036 primiparas were separated randomly into the intervention group and the control group, with 518 primiparas in each group. RESULTS: All (100%) mothers in the intervention group understood that NNJ is a yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera; 94...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Chin Ee Ho, You Li Goh, Chang Zhang
Rhizoma Coptidis (RC), commonly known as huanglian, is a herb frequently used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) prescriptions. Known to have "clearing damp-heat, quenching fire and counteracting poison" properties, it was widely used in the Chinese community in Singapore. Berberine, an alkaloid isolated from RC, is known to have a wide array of therapeutic effects including antimicrobial, antineoplastic, and hepatoprotective effects. In 1978, RC was implicated in causing neonatal jaundice (NNJ) and kernicterus in neonates suffering from glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, leading to the banning of RC and berberine in Singapore...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
A I Ayede, T S Akingbola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a huge need for blood transfusion in the newborn particularly due to the reduced marrow activity in the neonatal period. Despite widely use of blood products in the neonatal period, there is paucity of local data on the pattern, indications and reactions to blood transfusions in Nigerian newborns. This study evaluates the blood transfusion indications and patterns in special care baby unit and C1(2nd) of University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
June 2011: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Chinyere V Ezeaka, Rosemary O Ugwu, Mariya Mukhtar-Yola, Ekanem N Ekure, Bolajoko O Olusanya
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is frequently associated with disproportionately high rates of severe neonatal jaundice (NNJ) underpinned by widespread Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Timely and appropriate treatment of NNJ is crucial for preventing the associated morbidity and neuro-developmental sequelae. Since mothers are likely to be the first mostly to observe the onset of severe illness in their newborns, we set out to identify the pattern and predictors of maternal care-seeking practices for NNJ in three culturally-distinct settings in Nigeria...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
Wuelton M Monteiro, Gabriel P Franca, Gisely C Melo, Amanda L M Queiroz, Marcelo Brito, Henry M Peixoto, Maria Regina F Oliveira, Gustavo A S Romero, Quique Bassat, Marcus V G Lacerda
BACKGROUND: Although G6PDd individuals are generally asymptomatic throughout their life, the clinical burden of this genetic condition includes a range of haematological conditions, including acute haemolytic anaemia (AHA), neonatal jaundice (NNJ) and chronic non-sphaerocytic anaemia (CNSA). In Latin America (LA), the huge knowledge gap regarding G6PDd is related to the scarce understanding of the burden of clinical manifestation underlying G6PDd carriage. The aim of this work was to study the clinical significance of G6PDd in LA and the Caribbean region through a systematic review...
2014: Malaria Journal
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Tina M Slusher
Severe neonatal jaundice (NNJ) remains an important cause of hospitalisation in the first week of life particularly in developing countries where glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is prevalent. NNJ is seldom associated with mortality when closely monitored but portends significant long-term risks in settings where hospitals are ill-equipped to provide phototherapy or exchange blood transfusion. Early detection in high-risk populations is an important first step towards redressing the current lack of global initiatives on NNJ...
March 2010: International Health
Roland C Ibekwe, Maryann U Ibekwe, Vivian U Muoneke
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in Nigeria and exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is a common modality of its treatment in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH), Abakaliki. This communication aims to audit this service. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3-year retrospective review of the case files of all neonates that had EBT for NNJ at the new born special care unit of EBSUTH. RESULT: Two hundred and thirty seven (17...
January 2012: Journal of Clinical Neonatology
B A Egube, A N Ofili, A R Isara, J U Onakewhor
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) is a common disorder worldwide and one of the important contributors to the high neonatal morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Severe neonatal jaundice leads to brain damage or even death in otherwise healthy newborns. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of expectant mothers about neonatal jaundice and its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was descriptive cross-sectional, carried out among 389 expectant mothers who were attending the antenatal clinic at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital...
April 2013: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Voravarn S Tanphaichitr, Akira Hirono, Parichat Pung-amritt, Ajjima Treesucon, Wanchai Wanachiwanawin
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common hereditary enzymopathies worldwide. Mostly G6PD deficient cases are asymptomatic though they may have the risk of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) and acute intravascular hemolysis during oxidative stress. Chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA) due to G6PD deficiency is rare. In Thailand, one case was reported 40 years ago and by biochemical study this G6PD was reported to be a new variant G6PD Bangkok. We, herein, report two families with CNSHA due to G6PD deficiency...
July 2011: Annals of Hematology
A A Okechukwu, A Achonwa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity and mortality patterns of patients admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) of the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH), Gwagwalada, Nigeria. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of records of patients admitted into the SCBU of the UATH over an 18 month period ofJanuary 2005 to June 2006 was carried out. RESULT: A total of 654 patients were admitted into SCBU of UATH during the review period, there were 351 (53...
December 2009: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A U Eneh, R O Ugwu
BACKGROUND: Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) is a common disorder worldwide. Early identification and proper management is needed to prevent the serious neurological complications associated with it. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge of the women attending Children Outpatient (CHOP) and Immunization clinics on the causes, treatment and complications of neonatal jaundice. METHOD: Women who brought their children/wards to the immunization/children out patient clinics at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Port Harcourt were interviewed using structured questionaire...
June 2009: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
B O Olusanya, A O Somefun
AIM: To establish the incidence and predictors of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in infants with neonatal jaundice (NNJ) in an inner-city setting with predominantly non-hospital births. METHODS: A community-based study in Lagos, Nigeria in which infants with SNHL attending well-child clinics for routine immunisation were detected by two-stage universal hearing screening with transient evoked oto-acoustic emissions and automated auditory brainstem response from July 2005 to December 2006...
June 2009: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics
Joshua Aderinsola Owa, Tinuade A Ogunlesi, Titus A Ogunlesi
BACKGROUND: Since exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is associated with serious complications, phototherapy has been made more powerful to reduce the need for EBT in the developed world. This study was undertaken to determine the indications for EBT in neonatal jaundice (NNJ) at our unit and what proportion of EBTs was possibly avoidable. METHODS: All the babies who had EBT for hyperbilirubinemia over a three-year period were included. Age, sex, weight, place of delivery, blood group of baby and mother, other investigations, management, and the outcome of the babies were recorded...
February 2009: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
B O Olusanya, S L Wirz, L M Luxon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the role of non-hospital delivery and other risk factors for permanent congenital and early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in a developing country. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: Four primary healthcare centres in inner-city Lagos, Nigeria. POPULATION: Fifty-six infants with PCEHL and 280 normal hearing controls matched for age and sex from a population of infants not older than 3 months attending Bacille de Calmette-Guérin immunisation clinics...
October 2008: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Olusoga B Ogunfowora, Olusoji J Daniel
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is still a leading cause of preventable brain damage, physical and mental handicap, and early death among infants in many communities. Greater awareness is needed among all health workers. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of primary health care workers about the description, causes, effective treatment, and sequelae of NNJ. METHODS: The setting was a local government area i.e. an administrative district within the south-western part of Nigeria...
2006: BMC Public Health
Salamatu Jalloh, Hans Van Rostenberghe, Narazah M Yusoff, Selamah Ghazali, Nik Zainal Nik Ismail, Masafumi Matsuo, Nor Akmal Wahab, Hisahide Nishio
BACKGROUND: The role of hemolysis in the pathophysiology of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) in patients with glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency has been questioned recently. The aim of the present study was to determine the contribution of hemolysis to the pathophysiology of jaundice in Malay neonates with G6PD deficiency and NNJ. METHODS: Four groups of babies were included in the study: (i) G6PD deficient with NNJ; (ii) G6PD deficient without NNJ; (iii) G6PD normal with NNJ; and (iv) normal controls...
June 2005: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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