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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609153/the-effect-of-housing-first-on-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#1
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a public health crisis in North America, and those who are homeless are particularly vulnerable. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) may prevent overdose and death among homeless people with opioid dependence, but suboptimal medication adherence is a common limitation. Previous research found that Housing First (HF) increases antipsychotic medication adherence among formerly homeless people. However, no experimental trials have examined whether HF has a significant impact on MMT adherence...
March 30, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479766/how-do-patients-with-cancer-pain-view-community-pharmacy-services-an-interview-study
#2
Zoe Edwards, Alison Blenkinsopp, Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett
Pain experienced by many patients with advanced cancer is often not well controlled and community pharmacists are potentially well placed to provide support. The study objective was to explore the views and experiences of patients with advanced cancer about community pharmacies, their services and attitudes towards having a community pharmacist pain medicines consultation. Purposive sampling of GP clinical information systems was used to recruit patients with advanced cancer, living in the community and receiving opioid analgesics in one area of England, UK between January 2015 and July 2016...
February 26, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468934/impact-of-a-pharmacist-provided-spirometry-service-on-access-to-results-in-a-primary-care-setting
#3
Lisa A Mueller, Alexa Sevin Valentino, Aaron D Clark, Junan Li
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of a pharmacist-provided spirometry service within a federally qualified health center on the percentage of spirometry referrals completed with results reviewed by the ordering provider. Secondary objectives evaluated differences between internal and external referrals, medication recommendations made by the pharmacist, and revenue brought in by the service. METHODS: Chart reviews were completed to determine the referral completion rates between patients who received a spirometry referral before (December 2014-September 2015) and after (January 2016-October 2016) the implementation of the pharmacy-provided spirometry service...
January 2018: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441986/caspofungin-infusion-solutions-50-mg-100-ml-chemical-stability-and-antifungal-activity-against-candida-spp
#4
N Pinder, L H Pelzl, G Walther, J Backhaus, O Kurzai, T Hoppe-Tichy
BACKGROUND: Ready to use caspofungin infusion bags are centrally prepared in the Hospital Pharmacy, University Hospital of Heidelberg, for economic reasons and possibly occurring problems with drug shortages. The aim of this study was a quality control of the in-house preparation of caspofungin infusion bags and the preparation process. Caspofungin concentration with regard to chemical stability and antifungal activity of caspofungin preparations were defined as quality parameters. METHODS: Three caspofungin infusion bags (50 mg in 100 mL 0...
April 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387576/evaluation-of-psychopharmacological-and-neurosafety-profile-of-swas-kas-chintamani-ras%C3%A2-skc-in-swiss-webster-mice
#5
Tarequl Islam, Md Saddam Hussain, Mohammad Nurul Amin, Ashraful Mahmud Tuhin
Objectives: Swas Kas Chintamani Ras (SKC) is an ayurvedic preparation indicated for respiratory diseases. Our study was aimed to determine the psychopharmacological and neurosafety profile of SKC. Materials and Methods: Psychopharmacological effects and neurosafety profile of this drug were determined by nine complementary test methods namely, open field, locomotor activity, hole cross, hole board test, elevated plus maze, staircase, forced swimming test, and rotarod test...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386431/-safe-use-of-recent-new-drugs-current-status-and-challenges
#6
Yoshiaki Ohashi
 In Japan and overseas, Chugai Pharmaceutical Company handles numerous biopharmaceuticals, molecular targeted therapies and other pharmaceuticals with innovative modes of action. Expert safety evaluation is essential for promoting the appropriate use of these pharmaceuticals around the world and in gaining acceptance from patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs), while speedy decision-making is crucial for the timely collection and provision of safety information and thus ensuring safety. In 2015, we collected safety information on more than 180000 cases and evaluated it from a medical standpoint...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302095/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-professional-affairs-standing-committee-formally-embracing-and-engaging-preceptors-in-the-academy-the-time-has-come
#7
Karen Whalen Chair, Daniel S Aistrope, Jason Ausili, Kathleen H Besinque, Elizabeth A Cardello, Philip M Hritcko, George E MacKinnon, Eric Maroyka, Elizabeth Sutton Burke, I Shane Trent, Lynette R Bradley-Baker
The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276257/production-standard-and-stability-of-compounded-del-nido-cardioplegia-solution
#8
Luis M Pereira, Gregory S Matte, Peter Lutz, Alana Arnold, Al Patterson
Background: The del Nido cardioplegia solution (dNCS) was originally developed for pediatric cardiac surgery, being now also used for adult patients. Hospital pharmacies frequently resort to internal dNCS production which has led to an increase in the need for validated parameters for compounding and storage. Objective: This report defines in-house production standards, as well as the stability of dNCS under optimal storage conditions. Methods: All ingredients were sterile and United States Pharmacopeia (USP)/National Formulary (NF) certified...
December 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200461/aacp-special-taskforce-white-paper-on-diversifying-our-investment-in-human-capital
#9
Carla White, Jeannine M Conway, Paula K Davis, Arcelia M Johnson-Fannin, Jeffrey G Jurkas, Nanci L Murphy, W Thomas Smith, Margarita Echeverri, Sharon L Youmans, Katie C Owings, Jennifer L Adams
The 2015-2017 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Special Taskforce on Diversifying our Investment in Human Capital was appointed for a two-year term, due to the rigors and complexities of its charges. This report serves as a white paper for academic pharmacy on diversifying our investment in human capital. The Taskforce developed and recommended a representation statement that was adapted and adopted by the AACP House of Delegates at the 2016 AACP Annual Meeting. In addition, the Taskforce developed a diversity statement for the Association that was adopted by the AACP Board of Directors in 2017...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200460/report-of-the-2016-2017-student-affairs-standing-committee
#10
Renae J Chesnut, Iqbal I Atcha, Duc P Do, Kristopher Harrell, Amy Holland, Monica L Miller, Kelly M Shields, Kyle Sousa, Rachel A Van Den Broek, Jacqueline M Zeeman, Rahul Nohria, Jennifer L Adams
The 2016-2017 AACP Student Affairs Standing Committee addressed charges related to recruitment to the profession of pharmacy and a national awareness campaign for pharmacy careers, as well as promotion of student wellness and stress management. The Committee report provides six recommendations to the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to recruitment to the pharmacy profession. The Committee report also provides three recommendations to AACP and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to student wellness and stress management...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059028/introduction-of-a-dose-banding-system-for-parenteral-chemotherapy-on-a-haematology-oncology-day-ward
#11
Caoimhe E O'Leary, Aisling Collins, Martin C Henman, Fionnuala King
Introduction The increasing incidence of cancer and the finite capacity of hospital aseptic compounding units pose a serious challenge to the provision of cancer care. Chemotherapy dose-banding is a method of rationalising parenteral chemotherapy dosing and supply, whereby patient-individualised doses are rounded to predetermined banded doses. The banded doses may be outsourced as stock items which increases the supply capacity of the aseptic compounding unit. Methods Kotter's 8-step change management model was used to structure the implementation of dose-banding of 5-fluorouracil 46-h infusers on the haematology-oncology day ward in St...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#12
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960092/appraisal-of-the-cardiovascular-risks-of-azithromycin-an-observational-analysis
#13
S Scott Sutton, Stephanie Hyche, Joseph Magagnoli, James W Hardin
AIM: To assess the association of cardiovascular mortality in patients prescribed azithromycin compared with patients prescribed alternative antibiotics in an outpatient setting. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational analysis using the South Carolina Medicaid claims and pharmacy databases over the years from 2000 to 2011 housed at the Revenue and Fiscal Affairs Office. Study antibiotics included azithromycin, amoxicillin, clindamycin, clarithromycin and quinolones (levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin), and excluded patients at a high risk of death from causes other than the study antibiotics...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927481/a-system-wide-solution-to-antidote-stocking-in-emergency-departments-the-nova-scotia-antidote-program
#14
Nancy G Murphy, D Ruth Bona, Theresa A Hurley
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate stocking of essential antidotes in hospitals is an internationally documented problem. A concrete and sustainable system-wide solution for easy access to antidotes in emergency departments (EDs) was developed and implemented in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: Antidote stocking guidelines and a systemwide antidote management strategy were established. A standardized collection of antidotes housed in highly visible containers in provincial EDs was implemented for timely access...
September 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670474/on-the-bridge-over-the-translational-valley-of-death-interview-with-per-i-arvidsson
#15
Per I Arvidsson
Per I Arvidsson speaks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Per received his PhD in organic chemistry from Gothenburg University (Sweden) in 1999, where he continued as a lecturer for a short time. Following 2 years at the ETH Zurich (Switzerland) as a postdoctoral fellow, he went on to establish an independent research group at the Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry at Uppsala University (Sweden). In 2006, he joined AstraZeneca R&D Södertälje (Sweden). After 1-year in-house training for future leaders in drug discovery and development, he became team leader in Medicinal Chemistry in 2007...
June 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580889/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-and-their-analogues-as-adulterants-of-herbal-and-food-products-analysis-of-the-malaysian-market-2014-16
#16
Nur Baizura Bujang, Chin Fei Chee, Choon Han Heh, Noorsaadah Abd Rahman, Michael J C Buckle
Adulteration of herbal health supplements with phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors and their analogues is becoming a worldwide problem. The aim of this study was to investigate herbal and food products sold in the Malaysian market for the presence of these adulterants. Sixty-two products that claim to enhance men's sexual health were sampled between April 2014 and April 2016. These products included unregistered products seized by the Pharmacy Enforcement Division of the Ministry of Health (n = 39), products sent to the National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency for pre-registration testing (n = 9) and products investigated under the post-registration market surveillance programme (n = 14)...
July 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557780/microbiologic-testing-for-503a-sterile-compounding-pharmacies
#17
William Mixon, Abby Roth
Compounding pharmacists must ensure that the sterile preparations they dispense are free of microbiologic contamination. Working in a cleanroom under controlled conditions (proper differential air pressure, temperature, and humidity; acceptable levels of viable and nonviable airborne particles and surface counts, etc.) and testing the efficacy of cleaning and disinfecting practices via environmental monitoring (viable-air and surface testing, glove-fingertip-thumb testing, etc.) are essential to preparing contamination-free medications...
May 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506398/integration-of-pharmacists-into-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-texas
#18
Shui Ling Wong, Jamie C Barner, Kristina Sucic, Michelle Nguyen, Karen L Rascati
OBJECTIVES: To describe the integration and implementation of pharmacy services in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) as adopted by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and compare them with usual care (UC). SETTING: Four FQHCs (3 PCMHs, 1 UC) in Austin, TX, that provide care to the underserved populations. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists have worked under a collaborative practice agreement with internal medicine physicians since 2005...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391441/self-medication-with-antibiotics-in-serbian-households-a-case-for-action
#19
Ana Tomas, Milica Paut Kusturica, Zdenko Tomić, Olga Horvat, Daniela Djurović Koprivica, Dragica Bukumirić, Ana Sabo
Background Irregular antibiotic use, including self-medication contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. One method of accessing antibiotic use in the community is through obtaining an in house inventory of drugs. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of storage and self-medication with antibiotics agents in households in Novi Sad, Serbia. Setting Households in Novi Sad. Method The study was performed during a 4-month period (October 2015-January 2016) using a sample of 112 households in Novi Sad, Serbia...
June 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346196/analytic-methods-used-in-quality-control-in-a-compounding-pharmacy
#20
REVIEW
Loyd V Allen
Analytical testing will no doubt become a more important part of pharmaceutical compounding as the public and regulatory agencies demand increasing documentation of the quality of compounded preparations. Compounding pharmacists must decide what types of testing and what amount of testing to include in their quality-control programs, and whether testing should be done in-house or outsourced. Like pharmaceutical compounding, analytical testing should be performed only by those who are appropriately trained and qualified...
January 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
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