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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#1
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960092/appraisal-of-the-cardiovascular-risks-of-azithromycin-an-observational-analysis
#2
S Scott Sutton, Stephanie Hyche, Joseph Magagnoli, James W Hardin
AIM: To assess the association of cardiovascular mortality in patients prescribed azithromycin compared with patients prescribed alternative antibiotics in an outpatient setting. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational analysis using the South Carolina Medicaid claims and pharmacy databases over the years from 2000 to 2011 housed at the Revenue and Fiscal Affairs Office. Study antibiotics included azithromycin, amoxicillin, clindamycin, clarithromycin and quinolones (levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin), and excluded patients at a high risk of death from causes other than the study antibiotics...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927481/a-system-wide-solution-to-antidote-stocking-in-emergency-departments-the-nova-scotia-antidote-program
#3
Nancy G Murphy, D Ruth Bona, Theresa A Hurley
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate stocking of essential antidotes in hospitals is an internationally documented problem. A concrete and sustainable system-wide solution for easy access to antidotes in emergency departments (EDs) was developed and implemented in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: Antidote stocking guidelines and a systemwide antidote management strategy were established. A standardized collection of antidotes housed in highly visible containers in provincial EDs was implemented for timely access...
September 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670474/on-the-bridge-over-the-translational-valley-of-death-interview-with-per-i-arvidsson
#4
Per I Arvidsson
Per I Arvidsson speaks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Per received his PhD in organic chemistry from Gothenburg University (Sweden) in 1999, where he continued as a lecturer for a short time. Following 2 years at the ETH Zurich (Switzerland) as a postdoctoral fellow, he went on to establish an independent research group at the Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry at Uppsala University (Sweden). In 2006, he joined AstraZeneca R&D Södertälje (Sweden). After 1-year in-house training for future leaders in drug discovery and development, he became team leader in Medicinal Chemistry in 2007...
June 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580889/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-and-their-analogues-as-adulterants-of-herbal-and-food-products-analysis-of-the-malaysian-market-2014-16
#5
Nur Baizura Bujang, Chin Fei Chee, Choon Han Heh, Noorsaadah Abd Rahman, Michael J C Buckle
Adulteration of herbal health supplements with phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors and their analogues is becoming a worldwide problem. The aim of this study was to investigate herbal and food products sold in the Malaysian market for the presence of these adulterants. Sixty-two products that claim to enhance men's sexual health were sampled between April 2014 and April 2016. These products included unregistered products seized by the Pharmacy Enforcement Division of the Ministry of Health (n = 39), products sent to the National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency for pre-registration testing (n = 9) and products investigated under the post-registration market surveillance programme (n = 14)...
July 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557780/microbiologic-testing-for-503a-sterile-compounding-pharmacies
#6
William Mixon, Abby Roth
Compounding pharmacists must ensure that the sterile preparations they dispense are free of microbiologic contamination. Working in a cleanroom under controlled conditions (proper differential air pressure, temperature, and humidity; acceptable levels of viable and nonviable airborne particles and surface counts, etc.) and testing the efficacy of cleaning and disinfecting practices via environmental monitoring (viable-air and surface testing, glove-fingertip-thumb testing, etc.) are essential to preparing contamination-free medications...
May 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506398/integration-of-pharmacists-into-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-texas
#7
Shui Ling Wong, Jamie C Barner, Kristina Sucic, Michelle Nguyen, Karen L Rascati
OBJECTIVES: To describe the integration and implementation of pharmacy services in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) as adopted by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and compare them with usual care (UC). SETTING: Four FQHCs (3 PCMHs, 1 UC) in Austin, TX, that provide care to the underserved populations. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists have worked under a collaborative practice agreement with internal medicine physicians since 2005...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391441/self-medication-with-antibiotics-in-serbian-households-a-case-for-action
#8
Ana Tomas, Milica Paut Kusturica, Zdenko Tomić, Olga Horvat, Daniela Djurović Koprivica, Dragica Bukumirić, Ana Sabo
Background Irregular antibiotic use, including self-medication contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. One method of accessing antibiotic use in the community is through obtaining an in house inventory of drugs. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of storage and self-medication with antibiotics agents in households in Novi Sad, Serbia. Setting Households in Novi Sad. Method The study was performed during a 4-month period (October 2015-January 2016) using a sample of 112 households in Novi Sad, Serbia...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346196/analytic-methods-used-in-quality-control-in-a-compounding-pharmacy
#9
REVIEW
Loyd V Allen
Analytical testing will no doubt become a more important part of pharmaceutical compounding as the public and regulatory agencies demand increasing documentation of the quality of compounded preparations. Compounding pharmacists must decide what types of testing and what amount of testing to include in their quality-control programs, and whether testing should be done in-house or outsourced. Like pharmaceutical compounding, analytical testing should be performed only by those who are appropriately trained and qualified...
January 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339387/introduction-to-quality-control-in-a-compounding-pharmacy
#10
REVIEW
Loyd V Allen
A quality-based program is vital in every compounding pharmacy to ensure that each preparation is compounded properly and is stable for its expected duration of use. This article discusses quality control, quality assurance, continuous quality improvement, and also describes the components of an in-house (in-pharmacy) quality program, as well as the role of outside laboratories.
November 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152697/establishing-an-oncology-quality-dashboard-for-improvement
#11
Danielle Gross
223 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA), a national network of five hospitals, formed a Quality Improvement Committee to bring together both clinical and administrative leadership (physician, nursing, pharmacy and quality) across the enterprise vested in the oversight of quality and patient safety. Tasked with facilitating and driving measurement and improvement the group established a Quality dashboard housing metrics of importance given current performance, evidence-based practice, and evolving external standards...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150466/who-will-be-lost-identifying-patients-at-risk-of-loss-to-follow-up-in-malawi-the-dream-program-experience
#12
S Mancinelli, K Nielsen-Saines, P Germano, G Guidotti, E Buonomo, P Scarcella, R Lunghi, H Sangare, S Orlando, G Liotta, M C Marazzi, L Palombi
OBJECTIVES: Retention of subjects in HIV treatment programmes is crucial for the success of treatment. We evaluated retention/loss to follow-up (LTFU) in subjects receiving established care in Malawi. METHODS: Data for HIV-positive patients registered in Drug Resource Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition centres in Malawi prior to 2014 were reviewed. Visits entailing HIV testing/counselling, laboratory evaluations, nutritional evaluation/supplementation, community support, peer education, and antiretroviral (ART) monitoring/pharmacy were noted...
February 2, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141963/following-the-yellow-brick-road
#13
Charles H Calisher
Charles Calisher was fascinated by microorganisms from the time he was in high school. He attended Stuyvesant High School in New York City, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science (now University of the Sciences) (BS), then University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana (MS), and finally Georgetown University, in Washington, DC (PhD), the latter while employed at a commercial biological house. He was hired by the US Communicable Disease Center (now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) in Atlanta, Georgia, was transferred to its Fort Collins laboratories in 1973, and retired from there in 1992...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115503/a-community-survey-of-antibiotic-consumption-among-children-in-madagascar-and-senegal-the-importance-of-healthcare-access-and-care-quality
#14
Michael Padget, Jeanne Tamarelle, Perlinot Herindrainy, Awa Ndir, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, Vincent Richard, Patrice Piola, Didier Guillemot, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is growing in low-income countries (LICs). Children in LICs are particularly at risk. Information on antibiotic consumption is needed to control the development and spread of resistant bacteria. METHODS: To measure antibiotic consumption and related factors, a community survey was undertaken in two sites in Madagascar (Antananarivo and Moramanga) and in Senegal (Guediawaye) among children under 2. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with parents or caregivers of eligible children...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089415/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-federal-bureau-of-prisons-approaches-from-the-national-and-local-levels
#15
Michael J Long, Brian N LaPlant, Justin C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of national and local antimicrobial stewardship measures on overall antibiotic prescribing in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). SETTING: Care was delivered to more than 160,000 inmates in 122 BOP facilities in the United States and Puerto Rico. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Medical centers and health services clinics staffed by in-house medical staff, consultants, and specialists. Staffs include a variety of disciplines, including physicians, pharmacists, dentists, nurses, infection control personnel, therapists, health services administrators, and institution executive staff...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787781/model-of-current-practice-regarding-prescriptions-of-controlled-substances-and-the-perceived-benefits-of-e-prescribing-in-an-academic-medical-center
#16
Eli Kupperman, Daniel Vigil, Arash Yazdani, Kevin Baldwin
To review current practices regarding prescribing controlled substances at an academic medical center and describe possible advantages of electronic prescribing of controlled substances (EPCS). A 10-question multiple choice survey was sent electronically to all house staff at an academic medical center. Aggregated data was analyzed for trends. 193 surveys (18.8 %) were completed. Of all respondents, 46.6 % were not able to write their own prescriptions. 70.0 % have used another provider's prescription pad to write prescriptions...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665002/housing-first-improves-adherence-to-antipsychotic-medication-among-formerly-homeless-adults-with-schizophrenia-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Stefanie N Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman, Seena Fazel, Lawrence McCandless, Ric Procyshyn, Julian M Somers
Adherence to antipsychotic medication is a significant challenge among homeless patients. No experimental trials have investigated the impact of Housing First on adherence among patients with schizophrenia. We investigated whether Housing First in congregate and scattered-site configurations resulted in superior adherence compared to usual care. Adult participants (n = 165) met criteria for homelessness, schizophrenia, and initiation of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy prior to recruitment to an unblinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in Vancouver, Canada...
July 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386545/hydrogen-atoms-can-be-located-accurately-and-precisely-by-x-ray-crystallography
#18
Magdalena Woińska, Simon Grabowsky, Paulina M Dominiak, Krzysztof Woźniak, Dylan Jayatilaka
Precise and accurate structural information on hydrogen atoms is crucial to the study of energies of interactions important for crystal engineering, materials science, medicine, and pharmacy, and to the estimation of physical and chemical properties in solids. However, hydrogen atoms only scatter x-radiation weakly, so x-rays have not been used routinely to locate them accurately. Textbooks and teaching classes still emphasize that hydrogen atoms cannot be located with x-rays close to heavy elements; instead, neutron diffraction is needed...
May 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351784/too-far-away-to-work-with-each-other-does-location-impact-on-pharmacists-perceptions-of-interprofessional-interactions
#19
Andrew Ian Jenkins, Mary Louise Hughes, Efthymia Mantzourani, Mathew Wayne Smith
In recent years, the delivery of health services has seen a shift towards interprofessional teamwork in order to effectively utilise the skills of each member of the healthcare team to deliver optimal patient care. Nevertheless, a variety of barriers, including lack of communication between healthcare professionals (HCPs), have been identified. The expanding clinical services provided by community pharmacies have increased the potential for pharmacist-HCP interaction; however, primary care pharmacy environments vary from individual distinct premises to part of interprofessional 'health centres'...
September 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280120/diabetic-retinopathy-screening-with-pharmacy-based-teleophthalmology-in-a-semiurban-setting-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Andrea C Coronado, Gregory S Zaric, Janet Martin, Monali Malvankar-Mehta, Francie F Si, William G Hodge
BACKGROUND: Diabetic eye complications are the leading cause of visual loss among working-aged people. Pharmacy-based teleophthalmology has emerged as a possible alternative to in-person examination that may facilitate compliance with evidence-based recommendations and reduce barriers to specialized eye care. The objective of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of mobile teleophthalmology screening compared with in-person examination (primary care) for the diabetic population residing in semiurban areas of southwestern Ontario...
January 2016: CMAJ Open
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