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fever and antipyretics in children

Sebastiano A Lava, Maristella Santi, Gregorio P Milani, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti
BACKGROUND: In symptomatic fever management of children, cultural differences have been detected. We aimed at investigating the presence of national modulators of symptomatic fever management. METHODS: We analyzed the data collected in the context of the Swiss national survey on symptomatic fever management in children and of an adapted version of that survey performed in Lombardy (Northern Italy). RESULTS: Ibuprofen (p<0.001) and an alternation regimen with 2 drugs (p<0...
October 12, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Sompwe Eric Mukomena, Cilundika Mulenga Philipe, Mashinda Kulimba Désiré, Lutumba Tshindele Pascal, Mapatano Mala Ali, Luboya Numbi Oscar
INTRODUCTION: Long neglected, asymptomatic malaria is currently recognized as a potential threat and obstacle to malaria control. In DR Congo, the prevalence of this parasite is poorly documented. This study aims to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic parasitaemia in children less than 5 years of age as well as in those aged over five years for what concerns ongoing mass control interventions (LLINs). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among school age children, children less than 5 years of age living in the household of Lubumbashi...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Camilla Moriarty, Will Carroll
Ibuprofen, a propionic acid derivative, is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The oral formulation is widely used in paediatric practice and after paracetamol it is one of the most common drugs prescribed for children in hospital. The treatment of fever with antipyretics such as ibuprofen is controversial as fever is the normal response of the body to infection and unless the child becomes distressed or symptomatic, fever alone should not be routinely treated. Combined treatment with paracetamol and ibuprofen is commonly undertaken but almost certainly is not helpful...
July 25, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Maria Kelly, Laura J Sahm, Frances Shiely, Ronan O'Sullivan, Aoife McGillicuddy, Suzanne McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Fever is one of the most common childhood symptoms. It causes significant worry and concern for parents. Every year there are numerous cases of over- and under-dosing with antipyretics. Caregivers seek reassurance from a variety of sources including healthcare practitioners. The aim of this study was to describe parental knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding management of childhood fever in children aged 5 years and under. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 parents at six ante-natal clinics in the south west of Ireland during March and April 2015...
2016: BMC Public Health
M Kelly, S McCarthy, R O'Sullivan, F Shiely, P Larkin, M Brenner, L J Sahm
Background Fever is one of the most common childhood symptoms and accounts for numerous consultations with healthcare practitioners. It causes much anxiety amongst parents as many struggle with managing a feverish child and find it difficult to assess fever severity. Over- and under-dosing of antipyretics has been reported. Aim of the review The aim of this review was to synthesise qualitative and quantitative evidence on the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of parents regarding fever and febrile illness in children...
August 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Giovanni Nigro, Gabriella Bottone, Daniela Maiorani, Fabiana Trombatore, Silvana Falasca, Gianfranco Bruno
BACKGROUND: A Salmonella enterica epidemic occurred in children of the area of L'Aquila (Central Italy, Abruzzo region) between June 2013 and October 2014, four years after the catastrophic earthquake of 6 April 2009. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were collected from hospitalized and ambulatory children. Routine investigations for Salmonella infection were carried out on numerous alimentary matrices of animal origin and sampling sources for drinking water of the L'Aquila district, including pickup points of the two main aqueducts...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Thanaporn Wattanakul, Pramote Teerapong, Katherine Plewes, Paul N Newton, Wirongrong Chierakul, Kamolrat Silamut, Kesinee Chotivanich, Ronnatrai Ruengweerayut, Nicholas J White, Arjen M Dondorp, Joel Tarning
BACKGROUND: Fever is an inherent symptom of malaria in both adults and children. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the recommended antipyretic as it is inexpensive, widely available and has a good safety profile, but patients may not be able to take the oral drug reliably. A comparison between the pharmacokinetics of oral syrup and intramuscular paracetamol given to patients with acute falciparum malaria and high body temperature was performed. METHODS: A randomized, open-label, two-treatment, crossover, pharmacokinetic study of paracetamol dosed orally and intramuscularly was conducted...
2016: Malaria Journal
Riccardo Lubrano, Sara Paoli, Marco Bonci, Luigi Di Ruzza, Corrado Cecchetti, Raffaele Falsaperla, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Giovanna Vitaliti, Isotta Gentile
BACKGROUND: Parents often do not consider fever as an important physiological response and mechanism of defense against infections that leads to inappropriate use of antipyretics and potentially dangerous side effects. This study is designed to evaluate the appropriateness of antipyretics dosages generally administered to children with fever, and to identify factors that may influence dosage accuracy. RESULTS: In this cross-sectional study we analyzed the clinical records of 1397 children aged >1 month and < 16 years, requiring a primary care (ambulatory) outpatient visit due to fever...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Lisa C Goldberg, Jessica Prior, Dale Woolridge
BACKGROUND: Appendicitis is uncommon in children <6 months old, with few observational studies reporting cases of children younger than 5 years old with the diagnosis. The classic periumbilical pain that migrates to the right lower quadrant, followed by the onset of fever and vomiting, is present in approximately 40% of pediatric patients under 12 years of age with appendicitis. CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old girl presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute onset of grunting, pallor, fussiness, emesis, and diarrhea...
May 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohammad Reza Sharif, Mostafa Haji Rezaei, Marzieh Aalinezhad, Golbahareh Sarami, Masoud Rangraz
BACKGROUND: Fever is the most common complaint in pediatric medicine and its treatment is recommended in some situations. Paracetamol is the most common antipyretic drug, which has serious side effects such as toxicity along with its positive effects. Diclofenac is one of the strongest non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs, which has received little attention as an antipyretic drug. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the antipyretic effectiveness of the rectal form of Paracetamol and Diclofenac...
January 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Woei Kang Liew, Wenyin Loh, Wen Chin Chiang, Anne Goh, Oh Moh Chay, Mona Iancovici Kidon
BACKGROUND: Children with a diagnosis of cross-reactive hypersensitivity to both paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are limited in their choice of antipyretics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of using a Chinese proprietary medicine, Yin Qiao San (YQS), for fever relief. METHODS: A single centre, open label, prospective clinical trial exploring the tolerability and feasibility of using YQS for fever relief in children who are unable to use conventional antipyretic medications...
October 2015: Asia Pacific Allergy
Rosie Hague
Most illnesses associated with fever are self-limiting and children recover with no specific treatment. However, fever can also be the presenting feature of serious illness, which may be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. It is important to establish whether the temperature has been measured and, if so, how. The height of the temperature should be recorded, and always enquire what device has been used, as a reading from a forehead thermometer may not be accurate. While many families will use a thermometer the impression of the child being hot to touch without formal measurement should still be taken seriously...
July 2015: Practitioner
Lili Dong, Jiahui Jin, Yili Lu, Lili Jiang, Xiaoou Shan
BACKGROUND: Fever in children is one of the most common clinical symptoms and a chief complaint and a main reason that caregivers took the children to the outpatient service or admitted to hospital. Studies have found that the majority of parents surveyed at a hospital pediatric clinic held unrealistic and unwarranted concerns about fevers, first termed as 'fever phobia' by Schmitt in 1980. In the present study, we explore whether 'fever phobia' exists in Chinese caregivers and investigate whether such phobia is alleviated when admitted to hospital after propaganda of fever related knowledge by doctors and nurses...
2015: BMC Pediatrics
Polly Teuten, Siba Prosad Paul, Paul Anthony Heaton
Feverish illnesses commonly affect children and are the second most frequent reason for a child to be admitted to hospital. Most cases are viral in origin, usually with a good prognosis. Fever can be caused by severe and rapidly progressive illness which needs urgent referral to hospital for potentially life-saving treatment, and community practitioners must be able to identify such cases showing 'red flag'features. The fear of serious disease among parents and carers may result in 'fever phobia' leading to minor illnesses being managed inappropriately...
July 2015: Journal of Family Health
Dikla Zigdon Lahav, Elie Picard, Francis Mimouni, Leon Joseph, Shmuel Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: Blood temperature is inversely correlated with oxygen-hemoglobin affinity as demonstrated by in-vitro oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (ODC) experimentation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the real-life effect of fever on blood oxygen saturation (SO2) in children. METHODS: Children treated in the Pediatric Emergency Department at the "Shaare Zedek" Medical Center with a body temperature > 38.50C were included in the study. Children suffering from active lung disease were excluded...
March 2015: Harefuah
A Buongiorno, N Pierossi
AIM: PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis) syndrome is the most common autoinflammatory syndrome in pediatrics, accepted as an hyperimmune condition. Pidotimod is a molecule with immunomodulatory activity on both innate and adaptive immune responses; it also has the capacity to modulate the function of the respiratory epithelial cells through the activation of a NK-KB pathway which would involve the host-virus interaction. Moreover, the proven beneficial effect of Pidotimod in enhancing the immune response during vaccination, and its benefits in the prevention of respiratory tract infections, should be noted...
June 2015: Minerva Pediatrica
Peter Camfield, Carol Camfield
To review the literature about febrile seizures and GEFS plus with special emphasis on management and outcome. Selected literature review. Febrile seizures are the most common convulsive event in humans, occurring in 2-6% of the population. The aetiology is complex with strong evidence for a heterogeneous genetic predisposition interacting with fever of any cause, with certain viral infections having a greater effect. A large amount of literature has established that febrile seizures have no long-term consequences on cognition or behaviour...
June 2015: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
Katarzyna Kominek, Agnieszka Pawłowska-Kamieniak, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Paulina Krawiec, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska
INTRODUCTION: Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used analgesics and antipyretics available without limits as preparations of the OTC group (over the counter drugs). Overdose and poisoning with this drug always brings about the risk of acute hepatic failure. The objective of the study was a retrospective evaluation of patients hospitalized in the Paediatric Clinic during the period 2004-2012 due to poisoning with paracetamol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis covered 44 patients hospitalized in the Paediatric Clinic during 2004-2012 due to poisoning with paracetamol...
2015: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Antonio Greco, Armando De Virgilio, Maria Ida Rizzo, Mario Tombolini, Andrea Gallo, Massimo Fusconi, Giovanni Ruoppolo, Giulio Pagliuca, Salvatore Martellucci, Marco de Vincentiis
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limited childhood systemic vasculitis that exhibits a specific predilection for the coronary arteries. KD predominantly affects young children between the ages of 6months and 4years. Incidence rates in Asians are up to 20 times higher than Caucasians. The aetiology of KD is not known. One reasonable open hypothesis is that KD is caused by an infectious agent that produces an autoimmune disease only in genetically predisposed individuals. The typical presentation of KD is a young child who has exhibited a high swinging fever for five or more days that persists despite antibiotic and/or antipyretic treatment...
August 2015: Autoimmunity Reviews
Evelyn K Ansah, Solomon Narh-Bana, Harriet Affran-Bonful, Constance Bart-Plange, Bonnie Cundill, Margaret Gyapong, Christopher J M Whitty
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of providing rapid diagnostic tests for malaria on fever management in private drug retail shops where most poor rural people with fever present, with the aim of reducing current massive overdiagnosis and overtreatment of malaria. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial of 24 clusters of shops. SETTING: Dangme West, a poor rural district of Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: Shops and their clients, both adults and children...
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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