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Air medicine

José M Méndez Ribas
The Medicine for adolescents is a true specialty mostly exercised by doctors trained in pediatrics, family clinicians and gynecologists properly trained in their care and with the vocation for that. Based on my experience as a Founding Member and Director for more than 20 years of the Adolescence Program of the Hospital de Clínicas (University of Buenos Aires), I presented a methodology of attention with the objective of showing a comprehensive approach of the adolescents with an emphasis on general health promotion and prevention of diseases, and on reproductive health in particular...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Julia Berazneva, Tanya S. Byker
It is estimated that about one quarter of the global disease burden in terms of healthy life years lost and about one quarter of all premature deaths can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors (Pruss-Ustun and Corvalan 2006). Three infectious diseases--diarrhea, respiratory infections, and malaria--account for the largest absolute burden in developing countries with children facing the greatest impacts. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the health burden of air and water pollution, as well as important productivity and income effects (see, for example, reviews of the literature in Pattanayak and Pfaff 2009 and Greenstone and Jack 2016)...
May 2017: American Economic Review
Raimund Lechner, Thomas Küpper, Markus Tannheimer
INTRODUCTION: History is full of examples of the influence of the mountain environment on warfare. The aim of this article is to identify the main environmental hazards and summarize countermeasures to mitigate the impact of this unique environment. METHODS: A selective PubMed and Internet search was conducted. Additionally, we searched bibliographies for useful supplemental literature and included the recommendations of the leading mountain medicine and wilderness medicine societies...
March 15, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Zhaoheng Liu, Wei Wang, Fang Cao, Shuo Liu, Xinxin Zou, Guodong Li, Haojie Yang, Yang Jiao
Air pollution is the main cause of respiratory diseases. Fine particulates with the diameter below 2.5  μ m can get into the alveoli and then enter the blood circulation through the lung tissue ventilation function and cause multiple systemic diseases especially the respiratory diseases. This study investigated the pathological mechanism of the lungs injury in rats induced by PM2.5 and the effect and mechanism of the Chinese herbal medicine number 2 Feibi Recipe (number 2 FBR) on lungs injury. In this experiment, Wistar rats were used...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Milica Ljaljević Grbić, Nikola Unković, Ivica Dimkić, Peđa Janaćković, Milan Gavrilović, Olja Stanojević, Miloš Stupar, Ljubodrag Vujisić, Aleksa Jelikić, Slaviša Stanković, Jelena Vukojević
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils obtained from resins of Boswellia carteri Birdw. and Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl., commonly known as frankincense and true myrrh respectively, have been used extensively since 2800 B.C. for the treatment of skin sores, wounds, teeth, inflammation, and urinary tract diseases in traditional medicine; for preparation of mummification balms and unguents; and also as incense and perfumes. Since ancient times, burning of frankincense and myrrh in places of worship for spiritual purposes and contemplation (a ubiquitous practice across various religions) had hygienic functions, to refine the smell and reduce contagion by purifying the indoor air...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lynsey Shaw Cobden
This is not an article about 'shell-shock'. It explores the military medical response to nervous disorders in the Royal Flying Corps. The First World War exposed the propensity of pilots to the nervous and psychological rigours of aerial warfare, but their unique experiences have been overlooked in favour of 'trauma' in infantrymen. This represents a critical lacuna in the historiography of military medicine, for flying personnel were studied apart from 'shell-shocked' soldiers. This article will show that flyers were believed to be medically different, and what set them apart from men in the trenches was their unique employment...
February 2, 2018: Br J Mil Hist
Dilek D Altınörs, Leyla Asena
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to report the clinical outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in our first year of experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty at the Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, between 2015 and 2016 were included in the study. Patient demographics, cause of endothelial dysfunction, best-corrected visual acuity, central corneal thickness, graft survival, follow-up duration, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Akintayo Lanre Ogundajo, Lateef Apollo Adeniran, Anofi Omotayo Ashafa
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxicity, and inhibitory activity against carbohydrate metabolism of extracts from Ocotea bullata stem bark. METHODS: Hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to extract the air-dried sample. The phytochemical investigation and antioxidant assays were carried out on the extracts using standard procedures. The antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory potentials were evaluated using α-amylase, α-glucosidase and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes respectively...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Mariko Sawa, Akira Yabuki, Moeko Kohyama, Noriaki Miyoshi, Osamu Yamato
BACKGROUND: Immunocytochemistry (ICC) is utilized as an advanced technique in veterinary cytology. In tumor diagnosis, cytokeratin and vimentin are markers used to distinguish the origin of tumor cells. Standard enzyme-based ICC has limitations in clinical use; and therefore, more convenient and reliable methods are needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop a rapid multiple immunofluorescent (RMIF) detection method for dual cytokeratin and vimentin staining on cytology slides in dogs...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
John Jensen, Niels Christian Kyvsgaard, Antonio Battisti, Keith Edward Baptiste
At great economic cost, important steps have been taken over the last many decades to reduce and control emissions of heavy metals in order to protect the environment and public health. Monitoring has confirmed the success of these policies with progressive declines of heavy metals in for example air, sewage sludge and environmental samples. For zinc, such improvements may nevertheless be counter-acted by its widely usage as a feed additive and veterinary medicinal product to piglets in the post-weaning period resulting in reduced occurrence of diarrhea and improvement of daily weight gain...
March 5, 2018: Environment International
Kotaro Hara, Takao Someya, Katsura Sano, Yoshimasa Sagane, Toshihiro Watanabe, R G S Wijesekara
This article describes free radical-scavenging activities of extracts of several plants harvested in Sri Lanka through the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. These plants have traditionally been used in the indigenous systems of medicine in Sri Lanka, such as Ayurveda, as described below. (English name, "local name in Sri Lanka," (scientific name)). bougainvillea plant, "bouganvilla," ( Bougainvillea grabla ), purple fruited pea eggplant,"welthibbatu," ( Solanum trilobatum ) [1], country borage plant, "kapparawalliya," ( Plectranthus amboinicus ) [2], malabar nut plant, "adhatoda," ( Justicia adhatoda ) [3], long pepper plant,"thippili," ( Piper longum ) [4], holy basil plant, "maduruthala," ( Ocimum tenuiflorum ) [5], air plant, "akkapana," ( Kalanchoe pinnata ) [6], plumed cockscomb plant, "kiri-henda," ( Celosia argentea ) [7], neem plant,"kohomba," ( Azadirachta indica ) [8], balipoovu plant, "polpala," ( Aerva lanata ) [9], balloon-vine plant, "wel penera," ( Cardiospermum halicacabum ) [10], emblic myrobalan plant, "nelli," ( Phyllanthus emblica ) [11], indian copperleaf plant, "kuppameniya," ( Acalypha indica ) [12], spreading hogweed plant, "pita sudu sarana," ( Boerhavia diffusa ) [13], curry leaf plant, "karapincha," ( Murraya koenigii ) [14], indian pennywort plant, "gotukola," ( Centera asiatica ) [15], jewish plum plant, "ambarella,"( Spondias dulcis ) [16]...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Marie-Julie Favé, Fabien C Lamaze, David Soave, Alan Hodgkinson, Héloïse Gauvin, Vanessa Bruat, Jean-Christophe Grenier, Elias Gbeha, Kimberly Skead, Audrey Smargiassi, Markey Johnson, Youssef Idaghdour, Philip Awadalla
Uncovering the interaction between genomes and the environment is a principal challenge of modern genomics and preventive medicine. While theoretical models are well defined, little is known of the G × E interactions in humans. We used an integrative approach to comprehensively assess the interactions between 1.6 million data points, encompassing a range of environmental exposures, health, and gene expression levels, coupled with whole-genome genetic variation. From ∼1000 individuals of a founder population in Quebec, we reveal a substantial impact of the environment on the transcriptome and clinical endophenotypes, overpowering that of genetic ancestry...
March 6, 2018: Nature Communications
Monia Jebri, José Tarrazó, José Bon, Hélène Desmorieux, Mehrez Romdhane
The current study deals with an innovation in the hot air convective drying process consisting of the application of two consecutive drying steps. Temperatures ranging between 60 and 80 ℃ for times between 200 and 600 s were applied for the first stage, and from 40 to 80 ℃ for the second stage. Salvia officinalis, an aromatic, medicinal Mediterranean plant with remarkable antioxidant properties, was selected for this study. A management of the process regarding the antioxidant capacity of S. officinalis extracts and energy consumption was carried out: (i) artificial neural networks were applied to model the evolution of the antioxidant capacity and moisture content of the product in the drying process; (ii) a genetic algorithm and a multiobjective genetic algorithm were selected to optimize the drying process, considering the antioxidant capacity and/or the energy consumption in the objective function...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
José Ivan Marques, Jovelina Samara Ferreira Alves, Manoela Torres-Rêgo, Allanny Alves Furtado, Emerson Michell da Silva Siqueira, Eder Galinari, Daline Fernandes de Souza Araújo, Gerlane Coelho Bernardo Guerra, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa, Silvana Maria Zucolotto
Tabernaemontana catharinensis (Apocynaceae) has been popularly used by folk medicine because of its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiophidic properties. This study aims to analyze the flavonoids composition of the hydroethanolic extract and of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and butanol (BuOH) fractions of T. catharinensis leaves, as well as to evaluate their anti-inflammatory activity using in vivo models. The phytochemical profile, determined by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-HRESI-MS), showed the presence of flavonoids mainly having an isorhamnetin nucleus...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Arlene Chung, Nicole Battaglioli, Michelle Lin, Jonathan Sherbino
Background : Physician well-being is garnering increasing attention. In 2016, the Journal of Graduate Medical Education ( JGME ) published a review by Kristin Raj, MD, entitled "Well-Being in Residency: A Systematic Review." There is benefit in contextualizing the literature on resident well-being through an academic journal club. Objective : We summarized an asynchronous, online journal club discussion about this systematic review and highlighted themes that were identified in the review...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Ela Alcántara-Flores, Alicia E Brechú-Franco, Angel Villegas-Monter, Guillermo Laguna-Hernández, Armando Gómez-Campos
Phyllonoma laticuspis leaves are used in Carrizal de Bravo, Guerrero, Mexico, to heal skin lesions such as injuries and smallpox sequelae and to treat diabetes mellitus type 2, and organic extracts of these leaves have been reported to exert antibacterial effects. High demand of P. laticuspis as a medicinal plant has decreased its natural populations, and propagation of the species has not yet been reported. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the vegetative propagation of the species through cutting and air layering, as well as its sexual propagation in a preserved population...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
Zhan Wang, Sang Jin Lee, Heng-Jie Cheng, James J Yoo, Anthony Atala
Bioengineering of a functional cardiac tissue composed of primary cardiomyocytes has great potential for myocardial regeneration and in vitro tissue modeling. However, its applications remain limited because the cardiac tissue is a highly organized structure with unique physiologic, biomechanical, and electrical properties. In this study, we undertook a proof-of-concept study to develop a contractile cardiac tissue with cellular organization, uniformity, and scalability by using three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting strategy...
February 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Judith Ssali Nantongo, Juventine Boaz Odoi, Grace Abigaba, Samson Gwali
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the relative abundance and effect of post-harvest treatment on total phenolics (TP) and total alkaloids in the leaves and bark of Carissa edulis and Zanthoxylum chalybeum, which would give an indication of the suitability of leaves as alternative sources of medicine in these plant species. RESULTS: Results indicated higher levels of total phenolics than total alkaloids in both of the species under both freezing and air drying conditions...
February 13, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Dominik Hartl, Rabindra Tirouvanziam, Julie Laval, Catherine M Greene, David Habiel, Lokesh Sharma, Ali Önder Yildirim, Charles S Dela Cruz, Cory M Hogaboam
The respiratory tract is faced daily with 10,000 L of inhaled air. While the majority of air contains harmless environmental components, the pulmonary immune system also has to cope with harmful microbial or sterile threats and react rapidly to protect the host at this intimate barrier zone. The airways are endowed with a broad armamentarium of cellular and humoral host defense mechanisms, most of which belong to the innate arm of the immune system. The complex interplay between resident and infiltrating immune cells and secreted innate immune proteins shapes the outcome of host-pathogen, host-allergen, and host-particle interactions within the mucosal airway compartment...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Innate Immunity
Mianmian Wu, Pan Li, Qingxia Zhu, Meiran Wu, Hao Li, Feng Lu
There has been an increasing demand for rapid and sensitive techniques for the identification of Sudan compounds that emerged as the most often illegally added fat-soluble dyes in herbal medicine. In this report, we have designed and fabricated a functionalized filter paper consisting of gold nanorods (GNRs) and mono-6-thio-cyclodextrin (HS-β-CD) as a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate, in which the GNR provides sufficient SERS enhancement, and the HS-β-CD with strong chemical affinity toward GNR provides the inclusion compound to capture hydrophobic molecules...
February 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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