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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767217/assessing-mentorship-experiences-of-faculty-at-a-military-academic-center-challenge-and-opportunity
#1
Kevin C McMains, Rechell G Rodriguez, Jennifer Peel, Heather C Yun, Mark W True, Woodson S Jones
OBJECTIVES: Mentor relationships are a key component of professional development within academic medicine. To date, there are no investigations into the prevalence and effects of mentor relationships within military academic medicine. This quality improvement initiative aimed to establish the prevalence and effects of mentorship, including whether sex differences exist among faculty at a military academic center, the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, and identify opportunities to improve faculty development efforts for mentorship to benefit faculty at this institution...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755844/standard-osem-vs-regularized-pet-image-reconstruction-qualitative-and-quantitative-comparison-using-phantom-data-and-various-clinical-radiopharmaceuticals
#2
Judit Lantos, Erik S Mittra, Craig S Levin, Andrei Iagaru
We investigated the block sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) algorithm. ACR phantom measurements with different count statistics and 60 PET/CT research scans from the GE Discovery 600 and 690 scanners were reconstructed using BSREM and the standard-of-care OSEM algorithm. Hot concentration recovery and cold contrast recovery were measured from the phantom data. Two experienced nuclear medicine physicians reviewed the clinical images blindly. Liver SNR liver and SUVmax of the smallest lesion detected in each patient were also measured...
2018: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751123/high-altitude-species-high-profits-can-the-trade-in-wild-harvested-fritillaria-cirrhosa-liliaceae-be-sustained
#3
REVIEW
A B Cunningham, J A Brinckmann, S-J Pei, P Luo, U Schippmann, X Long, Y-F Bi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don bulbs contain alkaloids and are one of the most intensively exploited alpine Himalayan medicinal species. In terms of proprietary medicines, our study shows that 210 F. cirrhosa products are offered by 46 suppliers, most of which (44) are situated in China and two in Nepal. A widepread commercial use is as one of the main ingredients in cough syrups. A well known example is "Nin Jiom Pei Pa Koa Herbal Cough & Throat Syrup", which typically contains more F...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749596/-jose-ingenieros-and-the-amusias-the-beginning-of-the-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#4
REVIEW
R F Allegri, F N Roman
The Argentine neuropsychological school is born of the hand of the European school and is part of the beginning of the Experimental Psychology. In 1896 Horacio Pinero creates the first Department of Psychology at the University of Buenos Aires and in 1898 the first laboratory of Experimental Psychology is annexed. Jose Ingeniero, psychiatrist, neurologist, politician and above all sociologist publishes in France his work about the musical aphasia, the first neuropsychological work with international significance...
May 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741728/interprofessional-healthcare-teams-in-the-military-a-scoping-literature-review
#5
Lara Varpio, Karlen S Bader, Holly S Meyer, Steven J Durning, Anthony R Artino, Meghan K Hamwey
Introduction: Research into healthcare delivered via interprofessional healthcare teams (IHTs) has uncovered that IHT can improve patient satisfaction, enhance collaborative behaviors, reduce clinical error rates, and streamline management of care delivery. Importantly, these achievements are attained by IHTs that have been trained via interprofessional education (IPE). Research indicates that interprofessional healthcare team training must be contextualized to suit the demands of each care context...
May 8, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741372/structures-and-biological-evaluation-of-monoterpenoid-glycosides-from-the-roots-of-paeonia-lactiflora
#6
Rui Li, Jing-Fang Zhang, Yu-Zhuo Wu, Yan-Cheng Li, Gui-Yang Xia, Ling-Yan Wang, Bo-Lin Qiu, Min Ma, Sheng Lin
Fractionation of an aqueous extract of the air-dried roots of a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, Paeonia lactiflora, yielded the new monoterpenoid glycosides 1-10. Their structures were assigned via spectroscopic techniques, and the absolute configurations of 1, 4-6, and 8 were verified via chemical methods, specific rotation, and electronic circular dichroism data. Compounds 1-4 are rare compared to the reported cage-like paeoniflorin derivatives; that is, they comprised two monoterpenoidal moieties. In the in vitro assay, compounds 5, 8, and 9 showed weak inhibitions against lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in RAW264...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737053/-the-research-advancement-and-conception-of-the-deep-underground-medicine
#7
REVIEW
He-Ping Xie, Ji-Feng Liu, Ming-Zhong Gao, Xue-Hong Wan, Shi-Xi Liu, Jian Zou, Jiang Wu, Teng-Fei Ma, Yi-Lin Liu, Hong Bu, Wei-Min Li
The 21th century is the century of exploring and utilizing the underground space. In the future, more and more people will spend more and more time living or/and working in the underground space. However,we know little about the effect on the health of human caused by the underground environment. Herein,we systematically put forward the strategic conception of the deep-underground medicine,in order to reveal relative effects and mechanism of the potential factors in the deep underground space on human's physiological and psychological healthy,and to work out the corresponding countermeasures...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730774/in-flight-cardiac-arrest-and-in-flight-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-during-commercial-air-travel-consensus-statement-and-supplementary-treatment-guideline-from-the-german-society-of-aerospace-medicine-dglrm
#8
Jochen Hinkelbein, Lennert Böhm, Stefan Braunecker, Harald V Genzwürker, Steffen Kalina, Fabrizio Cirillo, Matthieu Komorowski, Andreas Hohn, Jörg Siedenburg, Michael Bernhard, Ilse Janicke, Christoph Adler, Stefanie Jansen, Eckard Glaser, Pawel Krawczyk, Mirko Miesen, Janusz Andres, Edoardo De Robertis, Christopher Neuhaus
By the end of the year 2016, approximately 3 billion people worldwide travelled by commercial air transport. Between 1 out of 14,000 and 1 out of 50,000 passengers will experience acute medical problems/emergencies during a flight (i.e., in-flight medical emergency). Cardiac arrest accounts for 0.3% of all in-flight medical emergencies. So far, no specific guideline exists for the management and treatment of in-flight cardiac arrest (IFCA). A task force with clinical and investigational expertise in aviation, aviation medicine, and emergency medicine was created to develop a consensus based on scientific evidence and compiled a guideline for the management and treatment of in-flight cardiac arrests...
May 5, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724960/cluster-analysis-on-breath-print-of-newly-diagnosed-copd-patients-effects-of-therapy
#9
Simone Scarlata, Panaiotis Finamore, Simona Santangelo, Gilda Giannunzio, Giorgio Pennazza, Simone Grasso, Marco Santonico, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a highly heterogeneous disease and airflow limitation and symptoms only partially capture such heterogeneity. Since COPD is known to affect the production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), we aimed at verifying to which extent exhaled VOCs can characterize newly diagnosed COPD patients and changes in response to inhaled therapy.
 Materials and methods: Fifty newly diagnosed COPD patients were consecutively recruited among those attending the pulmonary medicine outpatient clinic at "Campus Bio-Medico" University Hospital...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705993/directing-adipose-derived-stem-cells-into-keratinocyte-like-cells-impact-of-medium-composition-and-culture-condition
#10
L Petry, S Kippenberger, M Meissner, J Kleemann, R Kaufmann, U M Rieger, S Wellenbrock, G Reichenbach, N Zöller, E Valesky
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) are known to transdifferentiate into a wide range of different cell species in vitro including along the epidermal lineage. This property makes them a promising tool for regenerative medicine in order to restore the epidermal barrier. OBJECTIVE: The present study is dedicated to identify in vitro conditions enabling transdifferentiation to a keratinocyte-like phenotype. Especially, the impact of different culture conditions (media compositions, 2D-, 3D-cultures) and extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules was evaluated...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698781/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-investigation-of-anti-inflammatory-and-mucus-regulatory-activities-of-a-fixed-combination-of-thyme-and-primula-extracts
#11
Jan Seibel, Kirill Kryshen, Judit E Pongrácz, Martin D Lehner
Hypersecretion of viscous mucus is one of the hallmark symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis and typically develops secondary to an inflammation of the airway epithelium. Bronchipret® TP film-coated tablets (BRO), an herbal medicinal product containing a fixed combination of thyme herb and primula root extracts, has been successfully used clinically for the treatment of acute bronchitis for more than two decades. However, the underlying pharmacological mechanisms of action have not been fully understood so far...
April 23, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697399/-legal-regulation-of-transplantology-at-the-present-stage-ukrainian-issue-and-experience-of-foreign-states
#12
O Sovgyria
The objective of the research is to analyze the legal regulation in the transplantology field at the present stage in Ukraine. To address identified challenges, the author investigates the foreign countries experience and suggests ways of improving certain mechanism for legal regulation in the field of organ transplantation and anatomical materials. The empiric material of the study included a wide range of legal instruments regulating this sphere of legal relationships, information regarding the problems of their application, statistics, expert analysis of Ukrainian and foreign researchers...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681547/to-place-or-not-to-place-toward-an-environmental-history-of-modern-medicine
#13
Christopher Sellers
Reviewing recent, overlapping work by historians of medicine and health and of environmental history, this article proposes a further agenda upon which scholars in both fields may converge. Both environmental and medical historians can seek to understand the past two centuries of medical history in terms of a seesaw dialogue over the ways and means by which physicians and other health professionals did, and did not, consider the influence of place-airs and waters included-on disease. Modernizing and professionalizing as well as new styles of science nourished attendant aspirations for a clinical place neutrality, for a medicine in which patients' own places didn't matter to what doctors thought or did...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679839/xenon-detection-in-human-blood-analytical-validation-by-accuracy-profile-and-identification-of-critical-storage-parameters
#14
Cécile Frampas, Julia Ney, Mark Coburn, Marc Augsburger, Vincent Varlet
Xenon is a rare, mostly inert, noble gas that has applications in a wide range of fields, including medicine. Xenon acts on the human body as a useful organ-protective and anesthetic agent and has also been previously studied for potential applications in fields such as optics, aerospace and medical imaging. Recently, it was discovered that xenon can boost erythropoietin production, and it has been used as a performance-enhancing agent in international sports competitions such as the Sochi Olympic Games. Therefore, screening methods to detect the misuse of xenon by analysis of biological samples and to monitor anesthesia kinetics and efficiency are being investigated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673433/metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-air-force-prevalence-and-associations-with-bmi-and-physical-fitness
#15
Frank Weber
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect a pilot's health. The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the German Air Force. METHODS: All German military pilots are examined regularly at the German Air Force Center of Aerospace Medicine. The data are stored in a special database designed for that purpose. A database query was performed. The following parameters were analyzed: age, duration of observation, BMI, physical working capacity (PWC 170), blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666966/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-notes-from-the-field
#16
Maria Teresa Giordani, Francesca Tamarozzi, Daniel Kaminstein, Enrico Brunetti, Tom Heller
BACKGROUND: Thoracic ultrasound is helpful to evaluate lung pathology in patients with acute dyspnea. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound in patients with extrapulmonary TB and HIV co-infection. This retrospective, open-label case-control study explores the role of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in HIV-positive patients. In particular, it highlights the potential role of specific sonographic features that may be unique to this population...
April 17, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#17
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652048/-should-a-doctor-take-into-consideration-the-influence-of-climatic-factors-deliberations-on-the-occasion-of-the-publication-of-a-new-monograph-the-book-of-essays-of-arid-medicine-by-z-r-zununov-i-h-nurov-and-s-z-zununova
#18
E L Povazhnaya
The authors analyze the monograph of the Uzbek scientists professor Z.R. Zununov, I.H. Nurov, and S.Z. Zununova «Essays of arid medicine» (Tashkent: «KAMALAK-PRESS» publishing house, 2016;540). The book presents the results of the comprehensive bioclimatic assessment of the arid zones of Uzbekistan, their extreme climatic conditions (such as high intensity and solar radiation and the considerable duration of its period, dry air and summer heat, sandstorms (the so-called «Afghans»), and the great variety of the natural health-improving factors including mineral waters, microclimate of the speleotherapeutic cave, the desert dune sand, etc...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630078/applications-of-zeolites-in-biotechnology-and-medicine-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Lucie Bacakova, Marta Vandrovcova, Ivana Kopova, Ivan Jirka
Zeolites are microporous tectosilicates of natural or synthetic origin, which have been extensively used in various technological applications, e.g. as catalysts and as molecular sieves, for separating and sorting various molecules, for water and air purification, including removal of radioactive contaminants, for harvesting waste heat and solar heat energy, for adsorption refrigeration, as detergents, etc. These applications of zeolites were typically related with their porous character, their high adsorption capacity, and their ion exchange properties...
April 9, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628668/evaluation-of-change-in-knowledge-and-attitude-of-emergency-medicine-residents-after-introduction-of-a-rotation-in-emergency-medical-services-and-disaster-medicine
#20
Nawfal Aljerian, Aamir Omair, Sami A Yousif, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Faisal A Alhusain, Bader Alotaibi, Mohammad F Alshehri, Majed Aljuhani, Saad Albaiz, Yasser Alaska, Abdullah F Alanazi
Background: Saudi Board of Emergency Medicine (SBEM) graduates are involved in a 1-month rotation in emergency medical services (EMSs) and disaster medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in knowledge and attitude of EM residents after the introduction of the EMS and disaster medicine rotation. Materials and Methods: The study included 32 3rd -year SBEM residents. A pretest/posttest design and a five-point Likert scale were used. The data included a response to a questionnaire developed by EMS and disaster experts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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